70,683 results match your criteria abdominal cavity


The functional morphology of the postpulmonary septum of the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Anatomy, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine, AT Still University, Kirksville, Missouri, USA.

The American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) has a postpulmonary septum (PPS) that partitions the intracoelomic cavity. The PPS adheres to the capsule of the liver caudally and to the visceral pleura of the lung cranially; the ventrolateral portions of the PPS are invested with smooth muscle, the remainder is tendinous. Differential pressure transducers were used to record the intrathoracic (ITP) and intraperitoneal (IPP) pressures, and determine the transdiaphragmatic pressure (TDP). Read More

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Hydatid cyst of the ovary - a very rare type of cystic ovarian lesion: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jul 28;31:e00330. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Background: Hydatid disease is a zoonotic condition caused by the adult or the larval stages of tapeworms belonging to the species or less commonly . The presentation depends on the site of involvement. Many cases are not symptomatic and may be discovered accidentally. Read More

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Feasibility and safety of "bridging" pancreaticogastrostomy for pancreatic trauma in Landrace pigs.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2021 May;13(5):419-428

Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Institute of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Chinese PLA, Key Laboratory of Digital Hepetobiliary Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Background: In recent years, we created and employed a new anastomosis method, "bridging" pancreaticogastrostomy, to treat patients with extremely severe pancreatic injury. This surgery has advantages such as short length of surgery, low secondary trauma, rapid construction of shunts for pancreatic fluid, preventing second surgeries, and achieving good treatment outcomes in clinical practice. However, due to the limited number of clinical cases, there is a lack of strong evidence to support the feasibility and safety of this surgical procedure. Read More

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Gastric and Large Colon Impactions Combined With Aggressive Enteral Fluid Therapy May Predispose to Large Colon Volvulus: 4 Cases.

J Equine Vet Sci 2021 Jul 18;102:103617. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.

To resolve large colon impactions, frequent enteral administration of large volumes of water (8-10 liters in a 500 kg horse) has been suggested. Furthermore, in large colon volvulus, the simultaneous presence of gastric impaction has been described as a possible predisposing factor. To describe the clinical and surgical features of horses with large colon volvulus associated with aggressive enteral fluid therapy performed to resolve an initial large colon impaction. Read More

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CXCL2-CXCR2 axis mediates αV integrin-dependent peritoneal metastasis of colon cancer cells.

Clin Exp Metastasis 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Section of Surgery, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, 20502, Malmö, Sweden.

Peritoneal metastasis is an insidious aspect of colorectal cancer. The aim of the present study was to define mechanisms regulating colon cancer cell adhesion and spread to peritoneal wounds after abdominal surgery. Mice was laparotomized and injected intraperitoneally with CT-26 colon carcinoma cells and metastatic noduli in the peritoneal cavity was quantified after treatment with a CXCR2 antagonist or integrin-αV-antibody. Read More

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An Optimal Surgical Plane for Laparoscopic Functional Total Mesorectal Excision in Rectal Cancer.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430060, People's Republic of China.

Background: Intraoperative damage of pelvic autonomic nerves is the primary reason for postoperative sexual and urinary dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery,1,2 especially in patients with low rectal cancer. In the present study, we developed the nerve plane as a novel concept in rectal cancer surgery, which served as a landmark for better preservation of pelvic autonomic nerves in standardized total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery. The nerves never exist alone, and are always surrounded by tiny capillaries and adipose tissue, which are covered by a thin layer of membranous tissue, leading to a continuous plane, which we defined as the nerve plane. Read More

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Life-threatening haematochezia in a man with two gastrointestinal stromal tumours.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Internal Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE

A man in his 30s was brought by ambulance to the emergency department with a complaint of frank bright red rectal bleeding and dizziness. His blood pressure was 60/18 mm Hg. He was resuscitated with intravenous normal saline and an emergency blood transfusion. Read More

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Torsion of the wandering spleen as an abdominal emergency: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Jun 9;21(1):289. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of General Surgery, Amiri Medical Complex, Qargha Road, Afshar, Kabul, Afghanistan.

Background: Wandering spleen is a rare clinical entity with a less than 0.2% reporting incidence rate. In this case, the spleen is present abnormally in the abdominal or pelvic cavity instead of its normal anatomical location. Read More

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Spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage in systemic lupus erythematosus: a rare case report and literature review.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Jun 9;22(1):217. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Nephrology, Peking University First Hospital; Institute of Nephrology, Peking University; Key Lab of Renal Disease, Ministry of Health of China; Key Laboratory of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention and Treatment, Ministry of Education of China; Research Units of Diagnosis and Treatment of Immune-mediated Kidney Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100034, China.

Background: Spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage is relatively uncommon but may be life-threatening. There are some challenges in early diagnosis due to the lack of specific presentations.

Case Presentation: We report a case of spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage in a newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus patient who initially presented with non-specific flank pain. Read More

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Inferior mesenteric plexus block under computed tomography guidance: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25866

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.

Rationale: Inferior mesenteric plexus block is indicated for left-sided lower abdominal pain. However, in patients with terminal cancer, severe abdominal pain can prevent the patient from maintaining the necessary posture during the procedure, and considerable anatomic deformation owing to extensive growth, invasion, and metastasis of the tumor in the abdominal cavity can make the procedure difficult. In these cases, performing the procedures under computed tomography (CT) guidance can ensure greater safety and accuracy. Read More

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Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Hymenaea martiana Hayne (Fabaceae) in mice.

Braz J Biol 2021 2;82:e240359. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana - UEFS, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Hymenaea martiana is a species popularly known in Northeastern Brazil as "jatobá" and used in folk medicine to treat pain and inflammation. The aim of this work was to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of H. martiana. Read More

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Left ventricular noncompaction-a rare cause of triad: heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and systemic embolic events: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;15(1):316. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Faculty of Medicine- Physiology Department, The University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Craiova, Romania.

Background: Left ventricular noncompaction is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by a thin, compacted epicardial layer and a noncompacted endocardial layer, with trabeculations and recesses that communicate with the left ventricular cavity. In the advanced stage of the disease, the classical triad of heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia, and systemic embolization is common. Segments involved are the apex and mid inferior and lateral walls. Read More

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A case of immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing mesenteritis without other organ involvement.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Human and Environmental Sciences, Digestive and Lifestyle Diseases, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8544, Japan.

A 64-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain and 4-5 episodes of watery diarrhea per day for 2 months. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a mass in the peritoneal cavity, and computed tomography showed a 13.4 cm mass in the mesentery and a 3 cm mass in the mesocolon. Read More

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Let's (Not) Twist Again: Laparoscopic-Assisted Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in Paediatric Gastric Volvulus.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Meyer Children's Hospital, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 24, 50139, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: In the setting of intermittent abdominal pain accompanied by gastro-intestinal obstruction, gastric volvulus should be suspected.

Areas Covered: A 10-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital for intermitted abdominal pain associated with recurrent non-bilious vomiting and acute weight loss. The radiological images performed at the district general hospital were reported as negative. Read More

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Primary Echinococcus Hydatid Cyst of the Uterus: An Unusual Location.

Case Rep Surg 2021 21;2021:9977326. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of General and Digestive Surgery A at the University Hospital Charles Nicolle, University of Tunis el Manar, Tunisia.

Hydatidosis is a widespread anthropozoonosis. It can affect almost any part of the body, but it occurs most commonly in the liver (75%) and the lungs (15%). Its occurrence in female genital tract, especially the uterus, is very rare. Read More

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Ileal Neuroendocrine Tumor in a Patient with Sclerosing Mesenteritis: Which Came First?

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 6;22:e931372. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Emergency Surgery, Policlinico Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

BACKGROUND Jejunoileal neuroendocrine tumors (JI-NETs) are rare tumors that can be associated with mesenteric fibrosis. This case report is of an incidental finding of a JI-NET in a patient who was previously misdiagnosed with sclerosing mesenteritis. CASE REPORT A 42-year-old man was admitted to our institution with diffuse abdominal pain and clinical and radiographic signs of bowel obstruction. Read More

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The patient-side surgeon plays a key role in facilitating robot-assisted intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion in men.

J Robot Surg 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Urology, Tokushima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.

The influence of the console surgeon on the feasibility and outcome of various robot-assisted surgeries has been evaluated. These variables may be partially affected by the skills of the patient-side surgeon (PSS), but this has not been evaluated using objective data. This study aimed to describe the surgical techniques of the PSS in robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and intracorporeal ileal conduit (ICIC) urinary diversion and objectively examine the changes in surgical outcomes with increasing PSS experience. Read More

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Lactobacillus gasseri liver abscess and bacteremia: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 2;21(1):518. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Tlalpan, 14080, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Lactobacillus is a genus of Gram-positive non-spore-forming rods usually found in the microbiota of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and female genitourinary tract. Also, they are commonly used in the food industry as supplements and probiotics. Lactobacilli are normally considered non-pathogenic to the human body, however, under certain circumstances such as immunosuppression, they can cause severe infections, with only a few cases of bacteremia, infective endocarditis, pneumonia, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections reported. Read More

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[Hepatic echinococcus granulosus: a clinicopathological analysis of thirteen cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;50(6):650-654

Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of hepatic echinococcus granulosus (HEG). Thirteen cases of HEG were collected from Linzhi People's Hospital between January 2017 to October 2020, and their clinicopathologic features, ultrasound classification, immunophenotype and histochemical data were analyzed, retrospectively and the relevant literature was reviewed. Thirteen patients (5 male patients, 8 female patients) were included in this cohort, and the mean age was 40 years. Read More

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The role of multimodality radiological imaging in extrauterine misplaced IUCD: A case report.

Afr J Reprod Health 2020 Dec;24(4):213-217

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Directorate, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital.

Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is among the commonly used contraceptive methods in the world including sub-Saharan Africa but have been associated with a number of complications that although rare, can occur. Uterine perforation is the most serious complication of the IUCD. Surgical management is required in cases with complete uterine perforation, in which the IUCD is partially or completely within the peritoneal cavity. Read More

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December 2020

Small intestine duplication cyst with recurrent hematochezia: a case report and literature review.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 1;21(1):246. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: Small intestine duplication cysts (SIDCs) are rare congenital anatomical abnormalities of the digestive tract and a rare cause of hematochezia.

Case Presentation: We describe an adult female presented with recurrent hematochezia. The routine gastric endoscope and colonic endoscope showed no positive findings. Read More

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Primary pneumococcal peritonitis with a fulminant course.

Vnitr Lek 2021 ;67(E-2):34-37

Introduction: Primary peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneal cavity in the absence of a localized intra-abdominal source. It is included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen and can be potentially life-threatening. Pneumococci were a frequent pathogen causing primary peritonitis especially in the preantibiotic era. Read More

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Stretchable Capacitive Pressure Sensing Sleeve Deployable onto Catheter Balloons towards Continuous Intra-Abdominal Pressure Monitoring.

Biosensors (Basel) 2021 May 14;11(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117575, Singapore.

Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is closely correlated with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) diagnoses, indicating the need for continuous monitoring. Early intervention for IAH and ACS has been proven to reduce the rate of morbidity. However, the current IAP monitoring method is a tedious process with a long calibration time for a single time point measurement. Read More

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A Study on the Pathological Effects of Trypanorhyncha Cestodes in Dusky Groupers from the Canary Islands.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 20;11(5). Epub 2021 May 20.

Veterinary Histology and Pathology, Institute for Animal Health and Food Safety (IUSA), Veterinary School, Universidad Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35413 Arucas, Spain.

Trypanorhyncha are cestodes commonly infecting marine fish. Numerous studies have detailed the biology of Trypanorhyncha species, but information on the pathological changes produced by these parasites is limited. Dusky groupers are keystone species necessary for the preservation of several marine ecosystems. Read More

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Benign or Low-Grade Malignant Masses Occupying the Pelvic Canal Space in 11 Dogs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 11;11(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Torino, Largo Braccini 2, 10095 Torino, Italy.

Dogs with benign intra-pelvic rectal or vaginal masses show symptoms indicating compression on the adjacent organs. Clinical signs usually develop late when the lesion is large enough to interfere functionally. The dogs were referred for severe fecal and/or urinary tenesmus. Read More

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Hidrox and Endometriosis: Biochemical Evaluation of Oxidative Stress and Pain.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 4;10(5). Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Biomedical, Dental and Morphological and Functional Imaging University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria, 98125 Messina, Italy.

Endometriosis is a gynecological and painful condition affecting women of reproductive age. It is characterized by dysfunctional endometrium-like implants outside of the uterine cavity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Hidrox, an aqueous extract of olive pulp containing hydroxytyrosol, on endometriotic lesions associated with pro-oxidative alterations and pain-like behaviors. Read More

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Post-Surgical Peritoneal Scarring and Key Molecular Mechanisms.

Biomolecules 2021 May 5;11(5). Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK.

Post-surgical adhesions are internal scar tissue and a major health and economic burden. Adhesions affect and involve the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity, which consists of a continuous mesothelial covering of the cavity wall and majority of internal organs. Our understanding of the full pathophysiology of adhesion formation is limited by the fact that the mechanisms regulating normal serosal repair and regeneration of the mesothelial layer are still being elucidated. Read More

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Cecal splenosis mimicking gastrointestinal stroma tumor. Case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 21;83:105992. Epub 2021 May 21.

Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México. Electronic address:

Introduction: Abdominal splenosis is a rare condition where autotransplanted ectopic spleen tissue is found in the abdominal cavity after spleen injury or splenectomy. While abdominal splenosis is mostly described as asymptomatic, bowel splenosis can present with abdominal pain, obstipation or gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Scarce information on bowel splenosis exists and high index of suspicion is needed for diagnosis. Read More

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Step-by-step Development of a Cold Ischemia Device for Open and Robotic-assisted Renal Transplantation.

Eur Urol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Urology, Fundació Puigvert, Autonoma University of Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best renal replacement treatment. The rewarming time is associated with ischemia/reperfusion damage. In both the open (open KT [OKT]) and the robotic (robotic-assisted KT [RAKT]) approaches, ice slush is used to maintain graft temperature (T°) below 20 °C. Read More

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A case report on a rare cause of bowel ischaemia in penetrating trauma.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 25;83:106010. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Trauma, Department of General Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, 5 Jubilee Street, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Introduction And Importance: Gastric mucormycosis is a rare condition that usually manifests in immunocompromised patients. It's a lethal disease with a poor prognosis requiring prompt diagnosis and aggressive management. Although found more commonly in immunocompromised patients, it can also affect the immunocompetent patient, highlighting the importance of clinical suspicion when dealing with a critically ill patient. Read More

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