12,396 results match your criteria abdominal anterior

Distinct basal brain functional activity and connectivity in the emotional-arousal network and thalamus in patients with functional constipation associated with anxiety and/or depressive disorders.

Psychosom Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Center for Brain Imaging, School of Life Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710071, China State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases and Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China Department of Radiology, Tangdu Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710038, China Department of Psychiatry, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China.

Objective: Functional constipation (FC) is a common gastrointestinal disorder. Anxiety and/or depressive disorders are common in patients with FC (FCAD). Brain dysfunction may play a role in FC, but the contribution of comorbid anxiety and/or depression in patients with FC is poorly understood. Read More

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Persistent pain relief following a single injection of a local anesthetic for neuropathic abdominal wall and groin pain.

Scand J Pain 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Surgery, Máxima Medical Center, Eindhoven/Veldhoven, The Netherlands.

Objectives: It is our experience that a small portion of patients with neuropathic abdominal wall pain syndromes such as the anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) have a long term beneficial response following just one single tender point injection (TPI) with a local anesthetic agent. This report focuses on the phenomenon of ongoing pain relief following a single local anesthetic injection in neuropathic abdominal wall and groin pain syndromes.

Methods: This report is an overview based on earlier studies from a center of expertise for neuropathic abdominal wall and groin pain syndromes. Read More

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Coronary Artery Fistula Aneurysm: Pathological Analysis After Surgery.

Cureus 2021 May 8;13(5):e14903. Epub 2021 May 8.

Cardiology, Kawasaki Municipal Ida Hospital, Kawasaki, JPN.

An asymptomatic 75-year-old woman was identified with a 40-mm-sized, round-shaped lesion beside the pulmonary artery on computed tomography (CT). Coronary angiography showed a coronary artery fistula (CAF) with an aneurysm branching from the left anterior descending artery toward the pulmonary artery. The CAF aneurysm (CAFA) was resected and coronary artery bypass graft surgery using the left internal thoracic artery was performed successfully. Read More

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Anterior Abdominal Wall Synovial Sarcoma: A Rare Presentation.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Jun;71(6):1701-1702

Department of Radiology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abdominal wall sarcoma belongs to a heterogeneous group of uncommon malignant neoplastic conditions with differentiated morphological patterns and originating from mesenchymal tissues. Soft tissue sarcomas predominantly involve the lower and upper limbs and retroperitoneum. We present a case of a 30-year-old patient, complaining of swelling in the left flank whose magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a solid tumour on the abdominal wall of the flank and biopsy turned out to be synovial sarcoma. Read More

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An Optimal Surgical Plane for Laparoscopic Functional Total Mesorectal Excision in Rectal Cancer.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430060, People's Republic of China.

Background: Intraoperative damage of pelvic autonomic nerves is the primary reason for postoperative sexual and urinary dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery,1,2 especially in patients with low rectal cancer. In the present study, we developed the nerve plane as a novel concept in rectal cancer surgery, which served as a landmark for better preservation of pelvic autonomic nerves in standardized total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery. The nerves never exist alone, and are always surrounded by tiny capillaries and adipose tissue, which are covered by a thin layer of membranous tissue, leading to a continuous plane, which we defined as the nerve plane. Read More

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Immediate Analgesic Effect of Acupuncture in Patients With Primary Dysmenorrhea: A fMRI Study.

Front Neurosci 2021 24;15:647667. Epub 2021 May 24.

Acupuncture and Tuina School, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

Primary dysmenorrhea (PDM) is a common gynecological disease characterized by lower abdominal pain. Acupuncture is considered a good alternative therapy for PDM. However, the central mechanism of the analgesic effect of acupuncture is largely unknown. Read More

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[A Case of Pelvic Unicentric Castleman Disease Treated by Preoperative Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Tumor Complete Resection with Combined Lower Abdominal and Posterior Approach].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 Apr;67(4):157-162

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A 22-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of an incidentally discovered hypervascular pelvic tumor with a maximum diameter of 10 cm. Although Castleman disease was suspected based on the imaging findings and pathologic findings of the needle biopsy, a definitive diagnosis was not made. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization was performed to decrease intraoperative bleeding, and tumor resection was performed on the following day. Read More

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Three-Dimensional Sonographic Evaluation of the Position of the Fetal Conus Medullaris at First Trimester.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2021 Jun 9:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the position of the conus medullaris (CM) at the first trimester 3D ultrasound in a cohort of structurally normal fetuses.

Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study involving a consecutive series of structurally normal fetuses between 11 and 13 weeks of gestation (CRL between 45 and 84 mm). All fetuses were submitted to 3D transvaginal ultrasound using a sagittal view of the spine as the starting plane of acquisition. Read More

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Retroperitoneal necrotizing fasciitis with the involvement of the anterior abdominal wall following perianal abscess.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;2021(6):rjab222. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Surgery, Saint Yared General Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening infection, which requires immediate debridement and broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment. Delay in prompt diagnosis and operative debridement is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Retroperitoneal NF is a rare condition whereby the infection within the pelvis or retroperitoneum rapidly expands over the fascial planes to involve the anterior abdominal wall (AW), the thighs and the buttocks. Read More

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Aberrant renal hilar pelvic anatomy in a malrotated kidney.

Indian J Urol 2021 Apr-Jun;37(2):191-192. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Medstar Georgetown Transplant Institute, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.

Understanding variations in uretero-pelvic anatomy is of paramount importance from a surgical, radiological and academic perspective. We report an unheard renal hilar pelvic anatomy where the renal pelvis presented as the most anterior hilar structure. We believe an embryologic event in the renal ascent and rotation can account for this unusual presentation. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2021 Apr(313):139-146

Higher State Educational Institution of Ukraine Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine.

The aim of the research was to study experimentally the morphologic peculiarities of the granular tissue around the elements of the reticular allotransplant of the muscular aponeurotic layer of the anterior abdominal wall when using postoperative distant gamma therapy. The experiment has been done on 168 laboratory rats which were implanted with a prolenic mesh allograft into the tissues of muscular aponeurotic layer of the anterior abdominal wall. From the 13th to 19th day after the implantation of the reticular allograft, animals from the main group (96 rats) received irradiation of the site of the last one. Read More

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Freehand Versus Grid-Based Transperineal Prostate Biopsy: A Comparison of Anatomic Region Yield and Complications.

J Urol 2021 Jun 8:101097JU0000000000001902. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Urology, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Purpose: The freehand (FH) technique of transperineal (TP) prostate biopsy using commercialized needle access systems facilitates a reduction in anesthesia requirements from general to local or local/sedation. We sought to compare the efficacy and complication rates of the FH method with those of the standard grid-based (GB) method.

Materials And Methods: The GB method was performed from 2014 to 2018, and the updated FH technique was performed from 2018 to 2020, yielding comparative cohorts of 174 and 304, respectively. Read More

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Sharma's parachute sign a new laparoscopic sign in abdomino pelvic tuberculosis.

Indian J Tuberc 2021 Jul 9;68(3):389-395. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi-110029, India. Electronic address:

Aims: To demonstrate a new laparoscopic sign "Sharma's Parachute sign" in abdominopelvic tuberculosis in women with infertility.

Methods: A total of 104 women who were diagnosed to have abdominopelvic tuberculosis, on endometrial sampling or on laparoscopy were enrolled in this ongoing study on tuberculosis in infertility. A new laparoscopic "Sharma's parachute sign" was looked for in these cases on laparoscopy. Read More

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Atypical Presentation of Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Fibrosis Effectively Treated With Colchicine After Lymphoma Misdiagnosis.

Ellery Altshuler

Cureus 2021 Apr 29;13(4):e14756. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Internal Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, USA.

Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare disease characterized by a fibro-inflammatory mass encasing the abdominal aorta. We report a case of a 43-year-old man with an unusual presentation of RPF who was initially misdiagnosed with lymphoma. Our patient presented with constipation and did not have common findings such as ureteral displacement or renal impairment. Read More

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Continuous epidural catheter for anaesthesia management and post-op pain relief in colorectal surgery, complicated by epidural haematoma and bilateral paraplegia: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;83:106039. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Utilising epidural analgesia (EA) during major abdominal surgery in combination with general anaesthetic, is a proven approach to decrease anaesthetic requirement in patients with severe comorbidities, enhance recovery and improve pain management.

Case Presentation: Herein we report a case of an 81-years-old female with bilateral lower limb sensory loss, saddle paraesthesia, paraplegia, and incontinence following a thoracic epidural catheterisation required for low anterior resection of rectal adenocarcinoma. The complication was reported by the patient on the third day of post-op. Read More

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Caecal desmoid tumour: a rare tumour at uncommon location and review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

General Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

A 49-year-old woman presented to surgery outpatient clinic with the awareness of a right lower abdomen asymptomatic lump for one week. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen demonstrated a 10×11×15 cm heterogeneous lesion anterior to the ileocecal junction with the possibility of leiomyosarcoma. The patient was prepared for laparotomy and intraoperative there was a large tumour arising from the medial wall of cecum. Read More

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An extraordinary cause of intestinal obstruction, incarcerated obturator hernia.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 May 28;92. Epub 2021 May 28.

Aim: Presenting an extraordinary cause of intestinal obtuction, leading to incarcerated obturator hernia.

Case Report: We present a rare case of obturator hernia in a 90-year-old female, who presented with a three-day history of inability to defecate and abdominal pain, distension, and vomiting on the day of presentation. Hours later, a computed tomography scan revealed a bowel obstruction secondary to a right-sided obturator hernia. Read More

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Precision Surgery In Rectal Resection With Hyperspectral and Fluorescence Imaging And Pelvic Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (With Video).

Surg Technol Int 2021 Jun 3;38. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Visceral, Transplant, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Oncologic visceral surgery has recently been revolutionized by robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), sparing of functionally important structures and innovative intraoperative imaging tools. These techniques enable new dimensions of precision surgery and oncology. Currently, data-driven, cognitive operating rooms are standing at the forefront of the latest technical and didactic developments in abdominal surgery. Read More

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Pulmonary Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: A Rare Type of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Cureus 2021 Apr 28;13(4):e14734. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Pulmonary and Critical Care, East Orange Veterans Affairs, East Orange, USA.

Pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is an uncommon type of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with an incidence of approximately 3% of all lung cancer diagnoses. The patient was a 60-year-old male with a 90-pack year smoking history who presented with dyspnea on exertion and productive cough for five weeks. Decreased breath sounds without respiratory distress and generalized cachexia were noted on the initial physical exam. Read More

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Evaluation of diagnostic laparoscopy for penetrating abdominal injuries: About 131 anterior abdominal stab wound.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Gastrointestinal, Metabolic and Surgical Oncology, University Hospital Nancy Brabois, Rue du Morvan, 54511, Vandoeuvre-Les-Nancy, France.

Background: The management of hemodynamically stable patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds (AASW) is debated. Mini-invasive techniques using laparoscopy and non-operative management (NOM) have reduced the rate of nontherapeutic laparotomies after AASW leading to unnecessary morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine with a systematic diagnostic laparoscopy of peritoneal penetration (PP), patients who do not require abdominal exploration in the management of stable patient with an AASW. Read More

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Totally robotic intracorporeal Monti-Yang continent ileovesicostomy in patient with previous robotic surgery-Technique description.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, 33136, FL, USA; Department of Pediatric Urology, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, 33155, FL, USA; Department of Urology, Miami University Medical School, Miami, 33136, FL, USA. Electronic address:

We present a video case report of a pediatric patient with previous robotic abdominal surgery who underwent robotic assisted Monti-Yang continent ileovesicostomy. This 10-year-old female had a history of spina bifida, with previous myelomeningocele repair and ventriculoperitoneal shunt as an infant and robotic-assisted Malone procedure and artificial urethral sphincter placed 4 years ago. After undergoing bilateral hip surgery, she presented with difficult urethral catheterization due to reduced leg mobility. Read More

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Occlusion of the Superior Mesenteric Artery in Rats Reversed by Collateral Pathways Activation: Gastric Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 Therapy Counteracts Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome; Intracranial, Portal, and Caval Hypertension; and Aortal Hypotension.

Biomedicines 2021 May 26;9(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 therapy counteracts multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in rats, which have permanent occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery close to the abdominal aorta. Previously, when confronted with major vessel occlusion, its effect would rapidly activate collateral vessel pathways and resolve major venous occlusion syndromes (Pringle maneuver ischemia, reperfusion, Budd-Chiari syndrome) in rats. This would overwhelm superior mesenteric artery permanent occlusion, and result in local, peripheral, and central disturbances. Read More

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Laparoscopic surgery of epidermoid cyst of the falciform ligament: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;83:106014. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Abdominal Surgery, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia.

Introduction And Importance: The falciform ligament is a peritoneal fold that extends from the anterior abdominal wall to the liver, which divides the liver into two lobes. Cysts of the falciform ligament are rare and without an apparent cause. The range of the symptoms can vary from abdominal pain to asymptomatic patients. Read More

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Massive parietal defect with multiple enteroatmospheric fistulae after thermal injury abdomen in a metal industry accident: Case report of a rare survivor.

Trop Doct 2021 May 30:494755211019314. Epub 2021 May 30.

Assistant Professor, Division of Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgical Disciplines, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

In industrial foundries, raw metal is heated almost up to its melting point and then passed through the rolling mill to mould it into a desired shape. Contact with hot machinery or the hot metal can cause severe deep burns. When such thermal injury involves the abdominal wall, complex bowel injury can occur, leading to life-threatening abdominal sepsis. Read More

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Slipping rib syndrome.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Radiology, Wellington Regional Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.

Slipping rib syndrome (SRS) is an underdiagnosed condition that can lead to debilitating lower chest and upper abdominal pain (Am J Med Sci 2019; 357: 168). It is caused by hypermobility of the anterior ends of the costal cartilages of false ribs, allowing the eighth to tenth ribs to slip under the rib above, giving its name (Semin Pediatr Surg 2018; 27: 183). Failure to recognize this syndrome can expose patients to extensive and unnecessary investigations for unclear symptoms. Read More

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Abdominal and vaginal pelvic support with concomitant hysterectomy for uterovaginal pelvic prolapse: a comparative systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Introduction And Hypothesis: While approximately 225,000 pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgeries are performed annually in the US, there is no consensus on the optimal route for pelvic support for the initial treatment of uterovaginal prolapse (UVP). Our objective is to compare the outcomes of abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) to vaginal pelvic support (VPS) with either uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) or sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) in combination with hysterectomy for treating apical prolapse.

Methods: A systematic search was performed through March 2021. Read More

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Fetal dose evaluation for body CT examinations of pregnant patients during all stages of pregnancy.

Eur J Radiol 2021 May 19;141:109780. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Purpose: CTDI-to-fetal-dose coefficients from Monte Carlo simulations are useful for fetal dose evaluations, but the available data is limited to the fetus being completely inside the abdominopelvic scan range. Whereas in a chest examination, the fetus is completely outside the scan range. In an abdominal examination, the fetus after 16 gestational weeks is partly in the scan region, and an earlier fetus is completely outside of it. Read More

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Alternative Implantation Site of Intrathecal Pump in the Submuscular Plane of the Pectoralis Major Muscle: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2021 May 27;15(6):e01464. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Neurology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

An intrathecal drug delivery system (IDDS) has been widely utilized in the management of chronic pain and spasticity when oral pharmacologic agents are deemed ineffective. Typically, intrathecal pumps are implanted in the abdominal region; however, previous case reports have described nontraditional pump implantation sites, such as anterior thigh, gluteal region, and iliac fossa. Adding to the growing literature of alternative implantation sites, this case report discusses the implantation of the pump into the submuscular plane of the pectoralis major muscle and reviews the advantages and disadvantages of this location. Read More

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Measures for Safe Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy: Preoperative Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography and Perioperative Ultrasonography.

Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther 2021 Apr-Jun;10(2):114-116. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is one of the most difficult laparoscopic surgical techniques. In this study, we report on our efforts to safely perform this procedure, which consists of suturing a piece of mesh onto the anterior longitudinal ligament using a nonabsorbent suture during mesh fixation onto the prepromontorium layer, which can lead to massive bleeding if a mistake is made, by performing preoperative and intraoperative image evaluation. Preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed. Read More

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Anaotmical variability in the position of cystic artery during laparoscopic visualization.

BMC Surg 2021 May 27;21(1):263. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Surgery, Sindh Government Qatar Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: The laparoscopic view of extrahepatic biliary tract and cystic artery is different anatomically from open approach. Consequently iatrogenic injuries due to inadverent damage to cystic artery are not uncommon. These complications can be prevented by careful dissection in Calots triangle and better knowledge of laparoscopic anatomy of cystic artery and its variations. Read More

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