6,423 results match your criteria Yersinia Enterocolitica

Host Range, Morphology and Sequence Analysis of Ten Temperate Phages Isolated from Pathogenic Strains.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 17;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Biological Safety, German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Max-Dohrn Str. 8-10, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.

is a heterogeneous species comprising highly pathogenic, weakly pathogenic and non-pathogenic strains. Previous data suggest that gene exchange may occur in . Only scarce information exists about temperate phages of even though many prophage sequences are present in this species. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Yersinia enterocolitica associated myopericarditis: case report and review of the literature.

N Z Med J 2022 Feb 4;135(1549):113-116. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Consultant, Department of Cardiology, Christchurch.

We report a case of myopericarditis associated with Yersinia enterocolitica infection in an otherwise well 50-year-old man. We discuss the clinical features, microbiology and treatment of this rare cause of myopericarditis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Isolation and characterization of exopolysaccharide derived from Lacticaseibacillus paracasei AS20(1) with probiotic potential and evaluation of its antibacterial activity.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

This study was done to find exopolysaccharide(EPS)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) against foodborne pathogens. Isolated LAB were screened to find the ones with the ability to produce antibacterial EPS against foodborne pathogens. Among tested EPSs, EPS of AS20(1) isolate showed inhibitory effects on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes (MIC= 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Biophysical and Computational Approaches to Unravel pH-Dependent Conformational Change of PspA Assist PspA-PspF Complex Formation in Yersinia enterocolitica.

Protein J 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Structural Biology and Bioinformatics Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S. C. Mullick Road, Jadavpur, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700032, India.

In enteropathogen, Yersinia enterocolitica, the genes encoding phage shock proteins are organized in an operon (pspA-E), which is activated at the various types of cellular stress (i.e., extracytoplasmic or envelop stress) whereas, PspA negatively regulates PspF, a transcriptional activator of pspA-E and pspG, and is also involved in other cellular machinery maintenance processes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Determination of Antioxidant, Antimicrobial Activity, Heavy Metals and Elements Content of Seaweed Extracts.

Plants (Basel) 2022 Jun 1;11(11). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Institute of Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture, Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia.

The aim of the research was to determine the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity, determination of chemical elements and heavy metals in seaweed extracts of wakame, arame, dulse, laminaria, kombu, and hijiki. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH method and the activity ranged from 0.00 to 2641. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective Effect of Levilactobacillus brevis Against Yersinia enterocolitica Infection in Mouse Model via Regulating MAPK and NF-κB Pathway.

Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins 2022 Jun 4. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.

Although the use of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus for the treatment and prevention of diseases caused by various pathogenic bacteria has received increasing attention in recent years, its mechanism remains incompletely understood. Levilactobacillus brevis 23017 is a select probiotic strain that can regulate the immunity of host animals and resist pathogen infections. In this study, we analyzed the effect of L. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence, virulence determinants, and genetic diversity in Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from slaughtered pigs and pig carcasses.

Int J Food Microbiol 2022 Sep 28;376:109756. Epub 2022 May 28.

Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment BIOR, LV-1076 Rīga, Latvia.

Yersinia enterocolitica is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen that could be transferred from infected pigs to their carcasses at slaughter, with subsequent introduction of the pathogen into the food chain. The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence, virulence characteristics, and genetic diversity of Y. enterocolitica isolates present in slaughtered pig tonsils and carcasses by using the WGS approach. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2022

Lawsonia intracellularis LI0666 is a new EPIYA effector exported by the Yersinia enterocolitica type III secretion system.

Vet Res 2022 Jun 4;53(1):39. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

College of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Fungal Resources, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, 330045, China.

Lawsonia intracellularis is the causative agent of proliferative enteropathy. While it harbors genes encoding the entire apparatus required for the type III secretion system (T3SS) and the expression of some of these components has been detected during experimental infection, the identification of L. intracellularis T3SS substrates (effector proteins) has been hampered. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Relevant safety aspects of raw milk for dairy foods processing.

Adv Food Nutr Res 2022 24;100:211-264. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Food, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio de Janeiro (IFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

The concern with food safety in the milk chain begins with the quality of the raw milk. Due to the health hazard that this food can carry when contaminated, the focus of studies has turned to microbiological and chemical contaminants that may be present in raw milk. There is an essential concern about conventional pathogens (Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and Persistence of Multidrug-Resistant 4/O:3 in Tonsils of Slaughter Pigs from Different Housing Systems in Croatia.

Foods 2022 May 18;11(10). Epub 2022 May 18.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

is one of the priority biological hazards in pork inspection. Persistence of the pathogen, including strains resistant to antimicrobials, should be evaluated in pigs from different housing systems for risk ranking of farms. In this 2019 study, tonsils were collected from 234 pigs, of which 69 (29. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of gallic acid on membrane damage of Yersinia enterocolitica and its application as a food preservative in pork.

Int J Food Microbiol 2022 Aug 13;374:109720. Epub 2022 May 13.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710021, China. Electronic address:

This study was aimed to examine the membrane damage mechanism of gallic acid (GA) on Yersinia enterocolitica BNCC 108930, and to explore whether GA can prolong the shelf life of pork. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of GA against Y. enterocolitica was determined by adopting the broth microdilution method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Live imaging of Yersinia translocon formation and immune recognition in host cells.

PLoS Pathog 2022 05 23;18(5):e1010251. Epub 2022 May 23.

Institute of Medical Microbiology, Virology and Hygiene, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Yersinia enterocolitica employs a type three secretion system (T3SS) to translocate immunosuppressive effector proteins into host cells. To this end, the T3SS assembles a translocon/pore complex composed of the translocator proteins YopB and YopD in host cell membranes serving as an entry port for the effectors. The translocon is formed in a Yersinia-containing pre-phagosomal compartment that is connected to the extracellular space. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activities of Chlorogenic Acid Against .

Front Microbiol 2022 4;13:885092. Epub 2022 May 4.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, China.

Nowadays, developing new and natural compounds with antibacterial activities from plants has become a promising approach to solve antibiotic resistance of pathogenic bacteria. Chlorogenic acid (CA), as a kind of phenolic acid existing in many plants, has been found to process multifunctional activities including antibacterial activity. Herein, the antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of CA against () were tested for the first time, and its mechanism of action was investigated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Synthesis and Structural Study of Amidrazone Derived Pyrrole-2,5-Dione Derivatives: Potential Anti-Inflammatory Agents.

Molecules 2022 Apr 30;27(9). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, M. Curie-Sklodowska Str. 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

1-pyrrole-2,5-dione derivatives are known for their wide range of pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. This study aimed to synthesize new 3,4-dimethyl--pyrrole-2,5-dione derivatives - in the reaction of -substituted amidrazones with 2,3-dimethylmaleic anhydride and evaluate their structural and biological properties. Compounds - were studied by the H-C NMR two-dimensional techniques (HMQC, HMBC) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (derivatives and ). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Regulatory Circuit Underlying Downregulation of a Type III Secretion System in by Transcription Factor OmpR.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Apr 26;23(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Ilji Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland.

In a previous study, differential proteomic analysis was used to identify membrane proteins of the human enteropathogen , whose levels are influenced by OmpR, the transcriptional regulator in the two-component EnvZ/OmpR system. Interestingly, this analysis demonstrated that at 37 °C, OmpR negatively affects the level of over a dozen Ysc-Yop proteins, which constitute a type III secretion system (T3SS) that is essential for the pathogenicity of . Here, we focused our analysis on the role of OmpR in the expression and secretion of Yops (translocators and effectors). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A novel carotenoid from Metabacillus idriensis LipT27: production, extraction, partial characterization, biological activities and use in textile dyeing.

Sumeyra Gurkok

Arch Microbiol 2022 May 4;204(6):296. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Ataturk University, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey.

The present study reports the production, extraction, partial characterization, biological activities and use in textile dyeing of an orange pigment from Metabacillus idriensis strain LipT27 (MN818522.2). Pigment production occurred with 400 µg carotenoid/g biomass yield. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Epidemiological characteristics of in patients with diarrhea from 2013 to 2019 in Pudong New Area, Shanghai].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Apr;56(4):479-485

Department of Microbiology, Pudong New Area Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Shanghai 200136, China Fudan University Pudong Institute of Preventive Medicine,Shanghai 200136,China.

To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of in patients with diarrhea in Pudong New Area, Shanghai. Active surveillance of diarrhea was conducted in 14 sentinel hospitals (three tertiary-level hospitals, nine secondary-level hospitals, and two primary-level hospitals) from January 2013 to December 2019 in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China base on their location, catchment area, and patient volume. Cold enrichment method was used to isolate and further detection of bioserotype, virulence genes and antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates were conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Overview of basic epidemiological characteristics and descriptive analysis of the incidence of human yersiniosis in the Czech Republic in 2018-2020.

Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol 2022 ;71(1):32-39

Objective: The aim was to provide an overview of the basic epidemiological characteristics of human yersiniosis and to analyze the reported epidemiological data on the incidence of this disease in the Czech Republic (CZ) in 2018-2020.

Methods: A descriptive analysis was performed of cases of yersiniosis captured in the Infectious Disease Information System (ISIN) in the CZ in 2018-2020. MS Excel 2010 was used for data processing and sorting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Symptoms and PCR testing interval for bacterial pathogens in patients with diarrhoea.

J Med Microbiol 2022 Apr;71(4)

Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Acute diarrhoea can be caused by species, species, , species and (SSYCP). In clinical practice, however, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for SSYCP is frequently performed as part of the diagnostic work-up for patients with chronic diarrhoea and gastrointestinal complaints. This study postulates that PCR for SSYCP is of limited clinical use in patients with chronic diarrhoea and gastrointestinal complaints. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Growth temperature-induced changes in resistance of Listeria monocytogenes and Yersinia enterocolitica to X-ray irradiation.

Food Microbiol 2022 Aug 18;105:104029. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Global K-Food Research Center, Hankyong National University, Anseong-si, 17579, South Korea. Electronic address:

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different growth temperatures on the resistance of Listeria monocytogenes and Yersinia enterocolitica to low-energy X-ray irradiation and elucidate the mechanisms of resistance variability. The X-ray treatment at a dose of 1.0 kGy resulted in 4. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Detection of Zoonotic Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Dairy Sheep and Goats by Using FilmArray Multiplex-PCR Technology.

Microorganisms 2022 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25.

University Hospital of Larissa, 41110 Larissa, Greece.

The objectives of this study were (a) to detect gastrointestinal pathogens in faecal samples of sheep and goats using the FilmArray GI Panel and (b) to evaluate factors that were associated with their presence. Faecal samples from ewes or does in 70 sheep flocks and 24 goat herds in Greece were tested for the presence of 22 gastrointestinal pathogens by means of the BioFire FilmArray Gastrointestinal (GI) Panel. The most frequently detected pathogens were Shiga-like toxin-producing stx1/stx2 (94. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Tip of O-Polysaccharide Is a Potent Epitope in Response to Brucellosis Infection and Enables Short Synthetic Antigens to Be Superior Diagnostic Reagents.

Microorganisms 2022 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Bacteriology, Animal & Plant Health Agency, OIE/FAO Brucellosis Reference Laboratory, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK.

Brucellosis is a global disease and the world's most prevalent zoonosis. All cases in livestock and most cases in humans are caused by members of the genus that possess a surface O-polysaccharide (OPS) comprised of a rare monosaccharide 4-deoxy-4-formamido-D-mannopyranose assembled with α1,2 and α1,3 linkages. The OPS of the bacterium is the basis for serodiagnostic tests for brucellosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prudent Antimicrobial Use Is Essential to Prevent the Emergence of Antimicrobial Resistance in 4/O:3 Strains in Pigs.

Front Microbiol 2022 10;13:841841. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

is a psychrotrophic zoonotic foodborne pathogen. Pigs are considered the main reservoir of 4/O:3, which is the most commonly isolated bioserotype in many European countries. Consuming pork contaminated with can be a health threat, and antimicrobial-resistant strains may complicate the treatment of the most severe forms of yersiniosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Carriage of CdtB Encoding Campylobacter spp., Salmonella enterica, and Yersinia entercolitica in Patients with Gastroenteritis and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Dig Dis Sci 2022 Mar 31. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is one of the bacterial toxins that present in a variety of gram-negative human pathogens, such as E. coli, Salmonella spp., and Campylobacter spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Yersinia enterocolitica in wild and peridomestic rodents within Great Britain, a prevalence study.

Zoonoses Public Health 2022 Mar 27. Epub 2022 Mar 27.

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom.

Yersinia enterocolitica is a human pathogen transmitted via the faecal-oral route among animals and humans and is a major foodborne public health hazard. This study explores the role of Y. enterocolitica transmission at the livestock-wildlife interface and investigates the potential role wild and peridomestic rodents play as a source of this zoonotic pathogen. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Performance assessment of a new indirect rapid diagnostic test for plague detection in humans and other mammalian hosts.

Acta Trop 2022 Jul 24;231:106427. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto Aggeu Magalhães; FIOCRUZ, Recife, Brazil. Electronic address:

Plague is a flea-borne zoonosis that affects a wide range of mammals and still causes outbreaks in human populations yearly across several countries. While crucial for proper treatment, early diagnosis is still a major challenge in low- and middle-income countries due to poor access to laboratory infrastructure in rural areas. To tackle this issue, we developed and evaluated a new Fraction 1 capsular antigen (F1)-based rapid diagnostic test (RDT) as an alternative method for plague serological diagnosis and surveillance in humans and other mammals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differentiation of Yersinia enterocolitica enteritis from other bacterial enteritides by ultrasonography: A single-center case-control study.

Pediatr Neonatol 2022 05 23;63(3):262-268. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The diagnosis of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye) enteritis is not easy because detection from stool culture is more difficult for Ye than for other bacterial enteritides. The establishment of characteristic ultrasonographic findings for Ye enteritis would help improve the detection rate of Ye enteritis along with performance of several cold cultures. This would facilitate appropriate selection of antibiotics based on antimicrobial susceptibility testing and contribute to a more accurate understanding of local public health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia (AIHA) Secondary to Y Septicemia: The Second Case Reported in the Literature.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2022 2;9(2):003163. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Hospital Dr. Nélio Mendonça - SESARAM, EPERAM, Funchal, Portugal.

infection is an uncommon but potentially fatal zoonosis, especially when it culminates with septicaemia. Post-infectious complications like reactive arthritis and erythema nodosum are well described in the literature. On the other hand, the association between yersinosis and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) has only been established in one clinical case. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Molecular detection, biotyping and serotyping of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from chicken livers in Tabriz.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 Apr 19;83:101777. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

Introduction And Purpose: Yersinia enterocolitica belongs to the family of Enterobacteriaceae and is a psychrophilic pathogen that is associated with foodborne infections. It usually causes gastroenteritis, mesenteric lymphadenitis, and septicemia. This study aimed to molecular detection, biotyping, and serotyping of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from chicken livers in Tabriz. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Role of the Two-Component System PhoP/PhoQ in Intrinsic Resistance of to Polymyxin.

Front Microbiol 2022 10;13:758571. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Beijing Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Polymyxin is the "last resort" of antibiotics. The self-induced resistance to polymyxin in Gram-negative bacteria could be mediated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) modification, which is regulated by the two-component system, PhoP/PhoQ. is a common foodborne pathogen. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022