Neurogenetics 2022 Apr 9. Epub 2022 Apr 9.
Movement Disorders Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
The syndromic group of hereditary spastic paraplegias has a heterogeneous clinical profile and a broad differential diagnosis, including neurometabolic disorders that are potentially treatable. This group includes 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency, cobalamin C deficiency disease, dopamine responsive dystonia, cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, biotinidase deficiency, GLUT1 deficiency syndrome, delta-e-pyrroline-carboxylase-synthetase deficiency, hyperonithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria syndrome, arginase deficiency, multiple carboxylase deficiency, and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. This review describes these diseases in detail, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis and effective treatment aiming at preserving functionality and quality of life in these patients. Read More