Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2016 Dec 12;56(12):821-826. Epub 2016 Nov 12.
Department of Neurology, Hematology, Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetology, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine.
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal-recessive lipid storage disease caused by mutations in the CYP27A1 gene, which lead to deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme, sterol 27-hydroxylase, resulting in the accumulation of cholestanol in the serum and many affected lesions. To date, more than 50 different CYP27A1 mutations, including missense mutations, frameshifts, and splice site mutations, have been reported worldwide in patients with CTX. Clinical presentation is characterized by neonatal jaundice or cholestasis, refractory diarrhea, juvenile cataracts, tendon xanthomas, osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, and progressive neuropsychiatric disturbances; however, combinations of symptoms vary from patient to patient. Read More