22,937 results match your criteria Workers' Compensation System


Evaluation of the safety of users of active implantable medical devices (AIMD) in the working environment in terms of exposure to electromagnetic fields - practical approach to the requirements of European Directive 2013/35/EU.

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute, Warszawa, Poland (Laboratory of Electromagnetic Hazards).

Objectives: Electromagnetic fields (EMF) may cause malfunctions in electronic devices, in particular in active implantable medical devices (AIMD), along with discomfort or health hazards to users. The use of AIMD by workers is increasing (especially cardiac pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and wearable insulin infusion pumps). Electromagnetic fields may be much stronger in the working environment than applied in basic immunity tests of AIMD (based on EN 60601- 1-2:2015 and EN 50527-1:2016). Read More

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November 2018
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Genotoxicity of inhalational anesthetics and its relationship with the polymorphisms of GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 genes.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Due to their wide applications, concern exists regarding possible genotoxic effects of inhalational anesthetics (IAs) among operating room personnel. This study was undertaken to examine genotoxic properties of co-exposure to nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, and isoflurane on induction of micronucleus (MN) and chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and to determine whether any associations exist between polymorphisms of GST genes and the level of genomic damage measured by MN and CAs assays. Sixty operating room personnel and 60 unexposed referent nurses were studied. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of a no-cost-to-workers, slip-resistant footwear program for reducing slipping-related injuries in food service workers: a cluster randomized trial.

Scand J Work Environ Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

NIOSH, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888, USA.

Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of a no-cost-to-workers, slip-resistant footwear (SRF) program in preventing workers' compensation injury claims caused by slipping on wet or greasy floors. Methods The study population was a dynamic cohort of food service workers from 226 school districts' kindergarten through 12th grade food service operations. A two-arm cluster randomized controlled study design was implemented, with school districts randomized to the intervention group receiving SRF. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring a 1-Minute Paced Deep-Breathing Measurement of Heart Rate Variability as Part of a Workers' Health Assessment.

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Low heart rate variability (HRV) is related to health problems that are known reasons for sick-leave or early retirement. A 1-minute-protocol could allow large scale HRV measurement for screening of health problems and, potentially, sustained employability. Our objectives were to explore the association of HRV with measures of health. Read More

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December 2018

Do Differences in Work Disability Duration Between Men and Women Vary by Province in Canada?

J Occup Rehabil 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Partnership for Work, Health and Safety, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Purpose Research has shown that there are important sex and gender-based differences in the work disability duration of men and women. This research is often limited to single jurisdictions, using different outcome measures, and therefore has limited generalisability of findings. This study examined if differences between work disability of men and women differed by province and by duration of work disability. Read More

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November 2018

Rhode Island Domestic Violence Shelter Policies, Practices, and Experiences Pertaining to Survivors With Opioid Use Disorder: Results of a Qualitative Study.

Subst Abuse 2018 27;12:1178221818812895. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to fill a gap in the existing research by exploring policies and practices of domestic violence shelters in one US state pertaining to clients with opioid use disorders (OUDs), as well as documenting some of their experiences providing services to those clients. We used semi-structured key informant interviews to gather information about Rhode Island shelter practices and policies pertaining to OUD-relevant topics and make meaning of shelter workers' experiences with clients with OUDs. One researcher conducted all 30-min, telephone interviews. Read More

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November 2018

NIOSH's Respiratory Health Division: 50 years of science and service.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2018 Dec 2:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

a Respiratory Health Division , National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Morgantown , WV , USA.

The year 2017 marked the 50th anniversary of NIOSH's Respiratory Health Division (RHD). RHD began in 1967 as the Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Respiratory Diseases (ALFORD), with a focus on coal workers' pneumoconiosis. ALFORD became part of NIOSH in 1971 and added activities to address work-related respiratory disease more generally. Read More

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December 2018

Quickscan Assesses Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence: A Cross-Sectional Validation Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of Leuven, Centre for Environment and Health, Kapucijnenvoer 35/5, 3000 Leuven, Belgium (Goorts, Vandenbroeck, Du Bois, Godderis); Idewe, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work Leuven, Belgium (Vandenbroeck, Elst, Godderis); University of Leuven, Faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Leuven, Belgium (Elst); Université de Liège, Ecole de santé publique, Département des Sciences de la Santé publique, Liège, Belgium (Rusu); and SPMT-ARISTA, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work, Liège, Belgium (Rusu).

Objective: Increasing long-term sickness absence in many countries asks for specific measures regarding return-to work.

Methods: The risk of long-term sickness absence was assessed using a questionnaire containing work-related, function-related, stressful life-events -related and person-related factors. Additionally, workers' occupational health physician estimated the worker's chances for work resumption. Read More

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December 2018

The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: a mixed-methods study.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Body@Work, Research Center on Work, Health and Technology, TNO/VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate the role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement.

Methods: In the current study, a mixed-methods design was applied including quantitative survey data and semi-structured telephone interviews. Respondents (N = 568) were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM). Read More

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December 2018

Work-related injury and illness in the Victorian healthcare sector: a retrospective analysis of workers.

Aust Health Rev 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Health and social care workers have a significantly higher rate of work-related injury and illness than workers in other industries. The objective of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of work-related injury and illness in the Victorian health and social care sector by demographic, occupation and injury characteristics. A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of population-level workers' compensation claim records, including 43910 claims from the Victorian health and social care over a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015. Read More

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December 2018

Projected lifetime cancer risks from occupational radiation exposure among diagnostic medical radiation workers in South Korea.

BMC Cancer 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1206. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, 73, Inchon-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, South Korea.

Background: Timely assessment of cancer risk from current radiation exposure among medical radiation workers can contribute to the development of strategies to prevent excessive occupational radiation exposure. The purpose of the present study is to estimate the lifetime risk of cancers induced by occupational radiation exposure among medical radiation workers.

Methods: Using estimated organ doses and the RadRAT risk assessment tool, the lifetime cancer risk was estimated among medical radiation workers who were enrolled in the Korean National Dose Registry from 1996 to 2011. Read More

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December 2018

"We shall count it as a part of kyogero": acceptability and considerations for scale up of single dose chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care in Central Uganda.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 4;18(1):476. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

CISMAC, Center for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Cleansing the umbilical cord with chlorhexidine reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in communities where newborn deaths and home births are common. As a result, the World Health Organization and national authorities are advocating the scale up of this intervention. In order for such a scale up to be effective, it has to be acceptable to the targeted population. Read More

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December 2018
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Reply to "Comment on Iavicoli et al. Ethics and Occupational Health in the Contemporary World of Work. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1713".

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 30;15(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Public Health/Occupational Health, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 20 (Tukholmankatu 8 B), FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

The authors would like to extend their thanks for the fruitful comments and suggestions, which are useful for conducting deeper analyses of the ethical concerns related to occupational health. [.. Read More

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November 2018

Effect of an opioid management program for Colorado workers' compensation providers on adherence to treatment guidelines for chronic pain.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center for Health, Work & Environment, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine adherence of state guidelines for Colorado workers' compensation physicians/providers treating individuals as injured workers with chronic pain after initiation of an opioid management program and provider incentives.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of chronic, non-cancer pain claims was constructed from the Colorado's workers' compensation database. Adherence to treatment guidelines and opioid prescribing practices were evaluated during implementation of a new billing code to incentivize adherence. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Work Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Migrant Workers: The Moderating Role of Community Factors.

J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Social Work, University of West Florida, Pensacola, USA.

This study aimed to examine depressive symptoms in ruralurban migrant workers in mainland China, with a focus on the moderating roles of community factors (i.e., community support network, community cohesion and community composition) in the relation between work stress and depressive symptoms. Read More

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November 2018
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Contamination Route of Leaf-Cutting Worker Ants Analyzed Through a Fat-Soluble Tracer Dye in Toxic Bait.

Neotrop Entomol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Agronomy Dept, College of Agricultural Sciences, Univ of Western São Paulo, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brasil.

Our study seeks to discover contamination routes of leaf-cutting worker ants during chemical control by formicide baits. To do so, toxic baits containing fat-soluble tracer dye were provided to colonies of three subspecies of Acromyrmex under laboratory conditions, in order to assess the proportion of dyed workers by size category, as well as dyed internal morphological structures. Results showed that nearly 50% of the workers come into contact with the active ingredient, since the internal structures of their bodies are dyed by the fat-soluble tracer dye within the first 24 h from contact with the toxic bait. Read More

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November 2018

Multilevel Lumbar Fusion Is a Risk Factor for Lower Return to Work Rates Among Workers' Compensation Subjects With Degenerative Disc Disease.

J Surg Orthop Adv 2018 ;27(3):209-218

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

Discogenic fusion is associated with variable outcomes, especially if multiple levels are fused. This study sought to determine the impact of fused levels on return to work (RTW) status in a workers' compensation (WC) setting. Nine hundred thirty-seven subjects were selected for study. Read More

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January 2018

The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety.

J Occup Health Psychol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Psychology, Portland State University.

Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e. Read More

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November 2018

Computational approaches for skin sensitization prediction.

Crit Rev Toxicol 2018 Nov 29:1-23. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a Center for Bioinformatics, Universität Hamburg , Hamburg , Germany.

Drugs, cosmetics, preservatives, fragrances, pesticides, metals, and other chemicals can cause skin sensitization. The ability to predict the skin sensitization potential and potency of substances is therefore of enormous importance to a host of different industries, to customers' and workers' safety. Animal experiments have been the preferred testing method for most risk assessment and regulatory purposes but considerable efforts to replace them with non-animal models and in silico models are ongoing. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Financial Impact of Alternative Pricing Benchmarks for Physician-Dispensed Drugs in the California Workers' Compensation System.

Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Pricing drugs in the California Workers' Compensation System (CAWCS) has become more difficult as there are increasingly fewer drugs listed in the Medi-Cal primary fee schedule, which is used as the source for CAWCS drug prices. This presents a challenge of providing timely and accurate CAWCS reimbursement. The objectives of this study are (1) to explore any trends in physician-dispensed drug prices; (2) to compare the proportion of drugs with and without a price and to determine the financial implications of repricing CAWCS physician-dispensed drugs with five alternative pricing benchmarks; and (3) to offer recommendations for the pricing benchmark to maximize pricing coverage and to remain budget neutral. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Application of self-made stretch pants in patients with burn in special sites].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2018 Nov;34(11):827-828

Department of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

The change and fixation of dressing are difficult in patients with burn in special sites of perineum, buttocks, and bilateral thighs. Therefore, we designed and made stretch pants by ourselves for dressing fixation after dressing change in patients with burns in abdomen, buttocks, and bilateral thighs. The stretch pants are made by cutting and splicing elastic fabric according to perimeters of abdomen and legs. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Guideline Implementation: Safe Patient Handling and Movement: 1.8 www.aornjournal.org/content/cme.

Authors:
Terri Link

AORN J 2018 Dec;108(6):663-674

Physical stressors that occur with patient and equipment handling in the OR (eg, moving or lifting patients, carrying heavy instrument sets, prolonged standing) can contribute to musculoskeletal disorders for perioperative personnel. In addition to increasing patient safety, safe patient handling and movement (SPHM) programs have been shown to reduce the risk and severity of injuries, workers' compensation costs, and personnel fatigue and to increase health care workers' morale and quality of life. The AORN "Guideline for safe patient handling and movement" provides guidance for implementing an SPHM program. Read More

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December 2018

[Safety in shipping: the role of the human factor.]

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Jun;40(2):67-75

Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Aziendali, Università di Parma, Parma.

Objectives: The main aim of this paper is to examine the role of human factors in the safety of ship transport (shipping).

Methods: Particularly, we analyzed the personal, psychosocial and organizational factor that intervene in this context and the consequences on the safety performance and workers' well-being.

Results: In this review, some shipping accidents and their causes are presented and a particular attention will be paid to human error, fatigue and stress, non-technical skills and perception of safety. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Justice and global care chains: Lessons from Singapore.

Dev World Bioeth 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Growing demand for direct care workers to assist care-dependent elderly people has created an opening for migrant workers from low- income nations to sell their services to middle and high-income nations. Using Singapore as a case example, we draw on capability theory to make the case that receiving nations that import direct care workers should be held to global justice standards that protect workers' floor level human capabilities. Specifically, we (1) show that Singapore and other receiving nations fail to protect human capabilities at a threshold level required by dignity; (2) identify specific human capabilities placed at risk; and (3) recommend standards for receiving nations that support central capabilities. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Technology, Affordances and Occupational Identity Amongst Older Telecommunications Engineers: From Living Machines to Black-Boxes.

Sociology 2017 Aug 15;51(4):732-748. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

University of Leeds, UK.

This article explores the relationship between technology and occupational identity based on working-life biographical interviews with older telecommunications engineers. In the construction of their own working-life biographical narratives, participants attached great importance to the technology with which they worked. The article contends that workers' relationship with technology can be more nuanced than either the sociology of technology literature or the sociology of work literature accommodates. Read More

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Shift Work and Respiratory Infections in Healthcare Workers.

Am J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Center for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Recently, there has been interest in whether shift work may enhance infection susceptibility. Our aim was to determine whether shift workers in healthcare have a higher incidence, duration, and severity of influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) than non-shift workers. From September 2016-June 2017, 501 rotating and/or night shift workers and 88 non-shift workers from the Klokwerk+ study (2016-2017) daily registered occurrence of ILI/ARI symptoms using a smartphone application. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Work-related determinants of psychosocial risk factors among employees in the hospital setting.

Work 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

Background: Understanding which factors influence occupational safety and health risks is crucial to promote psychosocial risk management.

Objective: To assess the main work-related determinants of high exposure to psychosocial risk factors among Portuguese employees in the hospital setting.

Methods: Between May and July 2014, 399 employees of a public hospital completed a structured questionnaire. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

The experiences of workers who do not successfully return to work following a work-related injury.

Work 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: A minority of workers with work-related injuries experience challenges returning to work. While factors that hinder return-to-work (RTW) are well-documented, the consequences of failing to successfully return to work on the lives of workers who have experienced a workplace injury remain poorly understood.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the experiences of workers who do not successfully return to work following a work-related injury. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Indoor air-related symptoms and volatile organic compounds in materials and air in the hospital environment.

Int J Environ Health Res 2018 Nov 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences , University of Eastern Finland , Kuopio , Finland.

In this case study, hospital workers did suffer from symptoms related to the poor indoor air quality. To investigate reasons for symptoms MM40-survey and house inspection methods were performed. The study consisted of 49 operating rooms and 470 employees. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Promoting a nursing team's ability to notice intent to communicate in lightly sedated mechanically ventilated patients in an intensive care unit: An action research study.

Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University Japan, Kita 8, Nishi 5, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0808, Japan.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine changes in the practice of nurses who received an intervention designed to increase their awareness of endotracheally intubated, lightly sedated mechanically ventilated patients' intent to communicate.

Research Methodology: Action research was applied. Specifically, three interventions promoting awareness of patients' intent to communicate were administered and pre- and post-intervention, observations of patient-nurse interactions, unstructured interviews with nurses and a patients' satisfaction survey were conducted. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Causality Advocacy: Workers' Compensation Cases as Resources for Identifying and Preventing Diseases of Modernity.

New Solut 2018 Nov 22:1048291118810900. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

1 Occupational and Environmental Health Research Group, Centre for Public Health and Population Health Research, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK.

An appeal process for an injured worker compensation case is a unique opportunity to debate and integrate evidence concerning a potential causal relationship between observations of occupational disease and exposures to various putative risk factors that may also be of significance in public health protection. Through application of Hill's indicia to the evidence presented in a recent appeal process concerning a breast cancer case for a female border guard, a novel epidemic, tentatively called "occupational BRCAness" has been identified and a causal relationship with exposures to traffic-related air pollution and shift work and possibly secondhand tobacco smoke is inferred. Application of the audit method by worker advocates to other compensation appeals processes for other diseases might similarly yield causal relations with exposures to occupational risk factors with relevance to public health. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

The Use of Personal Protective Equipment: Finger Temperatures and Thermal Sensation of Workers' Exposure to Cold Environment.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 19;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Tecnological Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina 88040-370, Brazil.

This study analyzed the finger temperatures of poultry slaughterhouse workers and its association with personal and organizational variables, bodily discomfort perception, and cold thermal sensation. The study included 143 poultry slaughterhouse workers. A thermograph was used to measure finger temperature and an interview to collect worker data. Read More

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November 2018

Partners' adjustment to older workers' retirement: testing the role of preretirement expectations in a 10-year panel study.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Nov 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

a Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI-KNAW) , The Hague , The Netherlands.

Objectives: Retirement is not only an important later-life transition for the retiring individual, but also for his or her life partner. This study aims to improve our understanding of the partner's adjustment to the retirement of the older worker, by paying attention to the multidimensional nature of adjustment, and by examining to what extent preretirement expectations are predictive of postretirement experiences. Well-established adjustment predictors - i. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers: Perspectives of supervisors and other stakeholders in Ghana.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 5;169:147-155. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana.

Increasing air temperatures as a result of climate change are worsening the impact of heat exposure on working populations, including mining workers, who are at risk of suffering heat-related illnesses, injury and death. However, inadequate awareness of climate change-related occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies have been shown to render occupational heat stress management ineffective. A concurrent mixed-methods approach was used to assess the perceptions of climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers among supervisory personnel and other stakeholders in Ghana. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Stakeholders' experiences in implementation of rapid changes to the South African prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2018 Nov 15;10(1):e1-e10. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Background:  South Africa's prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programme has undergone rapid changes in the last two decades. Initially, the provision of single antiretroviral therapy was based on eligibility criteria in the year 2001, which later changed to combination therapy. This was aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Read More

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November 2018

The relationship between workplace characteristics and work ability in residential aged care: What is the role of work-life interaction?

J Adv Nurs 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Centre for Ergonomics, Safety and Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, VIC, 3086, Australia.

Aims: To examine whether the work-life interface (through work-family conflict and overall work-life balance) moderates the relationship between work ability and workplace demands and resources.

Design: This study used a cross-sectional survey design to collect data from 426 employees working in residential aged care.

Methods: A paper-based questionnaire was distributed to all permanent and casual employers at eight aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia, between June - September 2013. Read More

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November 2018

[Change of retirement transition in the political paradigm shift in Europe : Late career and retirement transitions in Germany, Austria, Sweden and Estonia].

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 500, SE405 30, Göteborg, Schweden.

Background: In the last two decades labor market participation for older employees has undergone a gradual political paradigm shift in many European countries from a policy of early retirement to one of extending working lives and active aging.

Objective: This study investigated if this political paradigm shift is causing new social inequalities in retirement transition due to restricted financial possibilities for early retirement.

Material And Methods: Data were derived from the European Union Labor Force Survey from the years 2006 and 2012 and selected European countries (Germany, Austria, Sweden and Estonia) were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Sleep quality of offshore wind farm workers in the German exclusive economic zone: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 18;8(11):e024006. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Objectives: To assess the quality of sleep of employees in the German offshore wind industry and to explore factors associated with poor sleep quality.

Design: Web-based cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Offshore companies operating in wind farms within the German exclusive economic zone. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Predictors of health care workers' support for discriminatory treatment and care of people who inject drugs.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Nov 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

a Centre for Social Research in Health , UNSW Sydney , Sydney , Australia.

Complex lifestyle issues associated with injecting drug use may make it difficult to provide care to people who inject drugs (PWID). Negative attitudes towards PWID can undermine the provision of good quality care, hence, it is important to explore the impact of health workers' attitudes in the delivery of care to PWID. An online survey was administered to 336 health workers assessing contact with and attitudes towards PWID, concerns about these clients as well as whether health workers feel stigmatised by working with PWID. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Focusing on Coal Workers' Lung Diseases: A Comparative Analysis of China, Australia, and the United States.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 16;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Sustainable Minerals Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia.

China has high and increasing annual rates of occupational lung diseases such as pneumoconiosis and silicosis. In contrast, Australia and the United States of America (USA) have greatly lowered their annual rates of lung diseases since the 1970s. This paper systematically compared and analysed the multi-elements of coal dust management and health management in these three countries to provide a reference for China. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A predictive model and nomogram for predicting return to work at 3 months after cervical spine surgery: an analysis from the Quality Outcomes Database.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Nov;45(5):E9

OBJECTIVEBack pain and neck pain are two of the most common causes of work loss due to disability, which poses an economic burden on society. Due to recent changes in healthcare policies, patient-centered outcomes including return to work have been increasingly prioritized by physicians and hospitals to optimize healthcare delivery. In this study, the authors used a national spine registry to identify clinical factors associated with return to work at 3 months among patients undergoing a cervical spine surgery. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Frontline Workers' Career Pathways: A Detailed Look at Washington State's Medical Assistant Workforce.

Med Care Res Rev 2018 Nov 17:1077558718812950. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

1 Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Medical assistants (MAs) are a rapidly growing and increasingly important workforce. High MA turnover, however, is common and employers report applicants frequently do not meet their needs. We collected survey responses from a representative sample of 3,355 of Washington's MAs with certified status (MA-Cs) to understand their demographic, education, and employment backgrounds; job satisfaction; and career plans. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Workplace accommodations following work-related mild traumatic brain injury: what works?

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Nov 18:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

a Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.

Background: Individuals who have experienced a work-related mild traumatic brain injury face a variety of challenges when returning to work. Research has demonstrated that the implementation of workplace accommodations can reduce the incidence of workplace disability. Few studies investigate work-related mild traumatic brain injury from injured workers' perspectives, and none examine workplace accommodations in detail. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Pediatric oncology social workers' experience of compassion fatigue.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2018 Nov 19:1-14. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

c Children's Healthcare of Atlanta , Atlanta , GA , USA.

Pediatric oncology social workers play an important role in supporting cancer patients and their families as they learn to talk about and cope with the physical and psychological impacts of cancer. As a result, social workers are particularly vulnerable to compassion fatigue and the associated psychological and physical impacts. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the experience of compassion fatigue among 27 pediatric oncology social workers. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Shift-workers and night-workers' health consequences: State of art and recommendations].

Presse Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Université Paris Descartes, AP-HP, HUPC, Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, Centre du sommeil et de la vigilance, EA 7330 VIFASOM, 75004 Paris, France.

There are in France several millions of shift-workers and night-workers (20 to 25% of employees). These workers are therefore subject to variations in their working and rest schedules. These regular schedule changes are associated with repeated desynchronization of circadian biological clock. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

[Shift-workers and night-workers' medical watching and prevention: State of art and recommendations].

Presse Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

CHU de Toulouse, université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III, UMR 1027, Inserm, SMPE, 31200 Toulouse, France.

Night work is not only a work performed at night. It has also to be considered as a specifically organized work with its own duties and moving tasks in a different relational context. Primary preventive assessments regarding work schedules and occupational associated constraints have to be considered beside family potential consequences. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Community Organization Membership, Financial Security, and Social Protection among Female Sex Workers in India.

J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2018 Jan-Dec;17:2325958218811640

1 HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi, India.

The purpose of this study is to examine the female sex workers' (FSWs) community organization (CO) membership, their financial and social protection security, and the relationship between these factors among FSWs in India. Data from 4098 FSWs collected under the Avahan-III baseline evaluation survey-2015 in 5 high HIV prevalence states (Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh) in India were used here. More than three-fifths (77%) were registered CO members, of whom 79% had been CO members for more than 1 year. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Border Crossing and the Logics of Space: A Case Study in Pro-Environmental Practices.

Front Psychol 2018 1;9:2096. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

We investigate whether and how workers in a transnational oil corporation carry practices, meanings, and identities between the places of work and home, focusing on environmental and health and safety practices, in order to understand the larger question, how can environmentally relevant practices be generalized in society at large? Our theoretical starting point is that societal institutions function according to different logics (Thornton et al., 2012) and the borders (Clark, 2000) between these institutions create affordances and constraints on the transfer of practices between these places. By connecting their theoretical ideas, we suggest that these provide an alternative critique and explanatory account of the transfer of environmental practices between home and work than a "spillover" approach. Read More

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November 2018

Patients undergoing hip arthroscopy with active workers' compensation claims do not demonstrate inferior outcomes at mid-term.

Hip Int 2018 Nov 16:1120700018810537. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

1 American Hip Institute, Westmont, Illinois, USA.

Introduction:: Workers' compensation (WC) claims have been associated with poor short-term outcomes after hip arthroscopy. We aim to report mid-term outcomes and return to work (RTW) among patients with WC claims.

Methods:: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy between September 2008 and July 2011. Read More

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November 2018
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