1,892 results match your criteria Wernicke Encephalopathy


Polyneuropathy, Myocardial Dysfunction and Pericardial Effusion Following Duodenal Switch.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018 ;61(3):111-113

Department of Medicine E, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Duodenal Switch procedure is a type of bariatric surgery that was reserved for severely morbid obese people. Patients undergoing this procedure are at high risk for nutrient deficiencies. In this report we present a case of a patient who had developed polyneuropathy, generalized muscle weakness, Wernicke encephalopathy, myocardial dysfunction and pericardial effusion six years following this operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.128DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Wernicke Encephalopathy with Atypical Findings on Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):328-330

Department of Pathology, Yashoda Superspeciality Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_65_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238578PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Chronic Neurologic Effects of Alcohol.

Clin Liver Dis 2019 Feb;23(1):141-155

Department of Neurology, Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, Baylor College of Medicine, 7200 Cambridge Street, 9th Floor, MS:BCM609, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address:

Chronic alcohol use induces silent changes in the structure and function of the central and peripheral nervous systems that eventually result in irreversible, debilitating repercussions. Once identified, nutritional supplementation and cessation measures are critical in preventing further neurologic damage. The proposed mechanisms of neuronal injury in chronic alcohol abuse include direct toxic effects of alcohol and indirect effects, including those resulting from hepatic dysfunction, nutritional deficiencies, and neuroinflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cld.2018.09.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Dracula teeth-like image on MRI of a patient with non alcoholic Wernicke encephalopathy.

J Neurol Sci 2018 Oct 12;396:121-122. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Pathological Anatomy Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, La Spezia, Italy.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022510X183042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2018.10.014DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Isolated Mammillary Bodies Damage-An Atypical Presentation of Wernicke Syndrome.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2018 Nov 12;8(11). Epub 2018 Nov 12.

EA 4391, Excitabilité Nerveuse et Thérapeutique, Université Paris-Est-Créteil, 94010 Créteil, France.

We report atypical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in a case of Wernicke encephalopathy. The patient presented with isolated anterograde amnesia following a partial colectomy complicated by peritonitis. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and T2 MRI sequences were normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs8110104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262580PMC
November 2018
1 Read

An autopsied case of MM1-type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with pathology of Wernicke encephalopathy.

Prion 2018 Nov 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

a Department of Neuropathology, Institute for Medical Science of Aging , Aichi Medical University , Nagakute , Japan.

An 83-year-old Japanese man presented with gait disturbance followed by rapidly-progressive cognitive impairment. Magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted images showed extensive hyperintense regions in the cerebral cortex. Four weeks after symptom onset, myoclonus appeared, and the patient developed difficulty swallowing; intravenous peripheral continuous infusions without vitamin supplementation were administered during the last two months of the patient's life. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19336896.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19336896.2018.1545525DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Postseizure aphasia in Wernicke's encephalopathy: a case report and review of literature.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 8;14:2593-2598. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60153, USA,

This case discusses the course of a woman with a history of epilepsy, alcohol use disorder, herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis, and Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) who presented with altered mental status following approximately 48 hours of vomiting. After experiencing a tonic-clonic seizure in the emergency department, she developed a fluent aphasia. Aphasias are ordinarily attributed to structural changes in the brain parenchyma, often from stroke, neoplasm, or infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S174481DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6183589PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Conversion of upbeat to downbeat nystagmus in Wernicke encephalopathy.

Neurology 2018 Oct;91(17):790-796

From the Department of Neurology (J.C.K., A.S.T.), University of Illinois College of Medicine; Illinois Neurologic Institute (J.C.K., A.S.T.), Peoria; Departments of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (S.d.L., D.E.N.-T., D.S.Z.), Neuroscience (S.d.L., D.E.N.-T., D.S.Z.), and Neurology (S.d.L., D.E.N.-T., D.S.Z.), and Division of Neuro-Visual & Vestibular Disorders (D.E.N.-T.), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Objective: To explain (1) why an initial upbeat nystagmus (UBN) converts to a permanent downbeat nystagmus (DBN) in Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and (2) why convergence and certain vestibular provocative maneuvers may transiently switch UBN to DBN.

Methods: Following a literature review and study of our 2 patients, we develop hypotheses for the unusual patterns of vertical nystagmus in WE.

Results: Our overarching hypothesis is that there is a selective vulnerability and a selective recovery from thiamine deficiency of neurons within brainstem gaze-holding networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000006385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205689PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

ABC om - Wernickes encefalopati.

Lakartidningen 2017 09 12;114. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Umea Universitet Medicinska fakulteten - Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap - psykiatri, Sunderby Forskningsenhet Umea, Sweden Umea Universitet Medicinska fakulteten - Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap - psykiatri, Sunderby Forskningsenhet Umea, Sweden.

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September 2017
1 Read

Review of thiamine deficiency disorders: Wernicke encephalopathy and Korsakoff psychosis.

J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Clinical Research Unit, Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and Korsakoff psychosis (KP), together termed Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), are distinct yet overlapping neuropsychiatric disorders associated with thiamine deficiency. Thiamine pyrophosphate, the biologically active form of thiamine, is essential for multiple biochemical pathways involved in carbohydrate utilization. Both genetic susceptibilities and acquired deficiencies as a result of alcoholic and non-alcoholic factors are associated with thiamine deficiency or its impaired utilization. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jbcpp.ahead-of-print/jbcpp-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jbcpp-2018-0075DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Wernicke Encephalopathy Due to Hyperemesis Gravidarum in Pregnancy: A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Jul 17;10(7):e2991. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, PAK.

Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a life-threatening acute or sub-acute neurological emergency characterized by ataxia, confusion, nystagmus, and ophthalmoparesis caused by thiamine deficiency. It was first described in 1881 by Carl Wernicke with alcohol being the most common cause. We present a rare case of a 35-year-old pregnant female who presented to our emergency department with a history of vomiting and loose motions for two weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141217PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Subclinical thiamine deficiency identified by preoperative evaluation in an ovarian cancer patient: Diagnosis and the need for preoperative thiamine measurement.

Palliat Support Care 2018 Aug 31:1-2. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,Aichi,Japan.

Objective: Although thiamine deficiency (TD) and Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) are not rare in cancer patients, the cases reported to date developed TD and/or WE after treatment had started.

Method: From a series of cancer patients, we report a patient diagnosed with TD without the typical clinical symptoms of WE at the preoperative psychiatric examination.ResultA 43-year-old woman with ovarian cancer was referred by her oncologist to the psycho-oncology outpatient clinic for preoperative psychiatric evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478951518000615DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Wernicke's encephalopathy in a child with autism during chemotherapy for T-cell acute leukemia.

Pediatr Int 2018 Aug;60(8):757-758

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13615DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Progressive supranuclear palsy responding to intravenous thiamine: superimposed Wernicke's encephalopathy?

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 20;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Neurology, Smt BK Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be a risk factor for thiamine deficiency. The classic symptoms of PSP (postural instability, supranuclear vertical gaze palsy and dementia) overlap with the clinical triad of Wernicke's encephalopathy (cognitive impairment, gait problems and ocular abnormality). Therefore, superimposed thiamine deficiency in patients with PSP may aggravate the pre-existing symptoms of PSP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226170DOI Listing

B Minus: Wernicke's Encephalopathy.

Am J Med 2018 Nov 11;131(11):1321-1323. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.07.037DOI Listing
November 2018

Missing the early signs of thiamine deficiency. A case associated with a liquid-only diet.

Nutr Neurosci 2018 Aug 9:1-3. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

b Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Crete , Voutes, Heraklion 71410 , Greece.

Background: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) predominantly occurs in alcoholic patients. Few case reports have described this diagnosis as a result of dieting. The diagnosis is often missed or delayed resulting in permanent and severe neurologic sequelae and even death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2018.1507964DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Wernicke encephalopathy in a lung cancer patient during treatment with nivolumab.

Palliat Support Care 2018 Aug 3:1-3. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,Aichi,Japan.

Objective: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency. It is recognized in various stages of the cancer trajectory but has not previously been recognized during nivolumab treatment.

Method: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE during treatment with nivolumab. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478951518000469DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Wernicke's Encephalopathy as a Rare Complication of Hyperemesis Gravidarum: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Cureus 2018 May 9;10(5):e2597. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a rare neurological syndrome that presents in the setting of thiamine deficiency. Though alcoholism is the most common cause of this condition, a few other etiologies include malnutrition from other causes, hemodialysis, and hyperemesis gravidarum. In this case report, we aim to report a case of a young woman who developed WE in the setting of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) that improved with thiamine replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039156PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Is physical rehabilitation effective for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? A case report.

Int J Rehabil Res 2018 Dec;41(4):373-376

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a type of brain disorder caused by the lack of thiamine, most commonly because of chronic alcohol misuse. It consists of two separate conditions including Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome. Various levels of cognitive impairments are associated with the severity of the syndrome. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00004356-900000000-9948
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MRR.0000000000000303DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Preventing Wernicke's encephalopathy in anorexia nervosa: A systematic review.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Oct 31;72(10):774-779. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder that affects 2.9 million people worldwide. Not eating a balanced diet or fasting can cause neurological complications after severe vitamin B1 malnourishment, although the precise signs and symptoms of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) are not clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pcn.12735DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Gastrointestinal beriberi: a forme fruste of Wernicke's encephalopathy?

Authors:
Sanjay Prakash

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 6;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Neurology, Smt B K Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain, are very common in patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE). Mild thiamine deficiency may have only gastrointestinal symptoms. We are reporting two patients with thiamine deficiency who predominantly had gastrointestinal symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224841DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

[Four Cases of Wernicke's Encephalopathy Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Jun;26(3):880-885

Department of Hematology, Aerospace Center Hospital, Beijing 100049, China.

Objective: To make through introduction of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in terms of clinical characteristics, diagnostic process and treatment.

Methods: The clinical charactaristics, diagnostic and therapeutic process and prognostic follow-up in 4 patients diagnosed of WE following HSCT between January 2016 to January 2017 at Department of Hematology, Chinese Aerospace Center Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: Four patients included 2 ALL and 2 AML, and 3 males and 1 female, their age ranged from 8 to 20 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2018.03.042DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Korsakoff Syndrome in Non-alcoholic Psychiatric Patients. Variable Cognitive Presentation and Impaired Frontotemporal Connectivity.

Front Psychiatry 2018 31;9:204. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome are greatly underdiagnosed. There are very few reported cases of neuropsychologically documented non-alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome, and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data are scarce. We report clinical characteristics and neuropsychological as well as radiological findings from three psychiatric patients (one woman and two men) with a history of probable undiagnosed non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy and subsequent chronic memory problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992887PMC
May 2018
10 Reads

Toxic-induced cerebellar syndrome: from the fetal period to the elderly.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;155:333-352

Neurology Service, Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium.

The cerebellum is a brain region which is particularly susceptible to intoxication. Clinical presentation is heterogeneous. It is often considered that elderly patients and patients presenting pre-existing structural lesions of the posterior fossa are particularly at risk of developing a toxic-induced cerebellar syndrome (TOICS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-64189-2.00022-6DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Metabolic ataxias.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;155:117-127

Department of Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address:

The nervous system is vulnerable to intrinsic and extrinsic metabolic perturbations. In particular, the cerebellum, with its large Purkinje cells and its high density of neurons and glial cells, has high metabolic demand and is highly vulnerable to metabolic derangements. As a result, many disorders of intermediary metabolism will preferentially and sometimes selectively target the cerebellum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-64189-2.00008-1DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Wernicke encephalopathy: (MRI) picture worth a thousand words.

Authors:
Kalimullah Jan

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 May 22;2018(5):omy013. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Medicine, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

A 61-year-old gentleman, with a long-standing history of alcohol abuse presented with altered sensorium and unsteady gait for 2 weeks. A diagnosis of Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) was considered. The magnetic resonance imaging brain showed features consistent with the WE, thus supporting the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965079PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and predictors of postoperative thiamine deficiency after vertical sleeve gastrectomy.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 07 26;14(7):943-950. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: As the vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) becomes increasingly popular, its effect on postoperative micronutrient levels, such as thiamine, becomes more important. We previously found a 1.8% prevalence of thiamine deficiency in bariatric patients before surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.03.024DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Beyond Thiamine: Treatment for Cognitive Impairment in Korsakoff's Syndrome.

Psychosomatics 2018 Jul - Aug;59(4):311-317. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a condition whose treatment many consultation-liaison psychiatrists know quite well. Less clear, however, is the treatment of its dementia disorder descendent, the Korsakoff's syndrome (KS).

Objective: This article seeks to review treatment options and provide recommendations for consultation-liaison psychiatrists treating cognitive impairment in KS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2018.03.011DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Wernicke encephalopathy without delirium that appeared as agitation in a patient with lung cancer.

Palliat Support Care 2018 May 11:1-3. Epub 2018 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,Nagoya,Japan.

Objective: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, and is sometimes overlooked because of the diversity of clinical symptoms.

Method: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE, the main symptom of which was agitation.ResultA 50-year-old woman with lung cancer was referred to our psycho-oncology clinic because of agitation lasting for three days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478951518000226DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Central Lesions With Selective Semicircular Canal Involvement Mimicking Bilateral Vestibulopathy.

Front Neurol 2018 24;9:264. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Neurology Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP), which is due to peripheral lesions, may selectively involve certain semicircular canal (SCC). Recent eye movement recordings with search coil and video head impulse test (HIT) have provided insight in central lesions that can cause bilateral and selective SCC deficit mimicking BVP. Since neurological signs or ocular motor deficits maybe subtle or absent, it is critical to recognize central lesions correctly since there is prognostic and treatment implication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5928296PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Case Report of Wernicke's Encephalopathy After Sleeve Gastrectomy.

Nutr Clin Pract 2018 Aug 14;33(4):510-514. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Background: We report a case of a patient who was 3 months post-sleeve gastrectomy and presented with acute stroke symptoms ultimately due to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after bariatric surgery. A 20-year-old white female presented to an outside hospital 3 months after sleeve gastrectomy complaining of nausea and vomiting. She initially underwent a cholecystectomy and later became less responsive and required intubation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0884533617722758DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Thiamine and Alcohol for Brain Pathology: Super-imposing or Different Causative Factors for Brain Damage?

Curr Drug Abuse Rev 2017 ;10(1):44-51

Italian Liver Foundation, Centro Studi Fegato, SS14, Km 163.5, Trieste, 34149, Italy.

Background: Drinking more than the recommended limits is a worldwide emerging problem, difficult to circumscribe, and alcohol-related brain damages are an under-recognized health problem. Alcohol-cognitive disruption can be considered as transient and recoverable if the alcohol consumption is limited and occasional; if not, it can progress to the so-called Alcohol-Related Dementia (ARD), or to the Wernicke encephalopathy, or it can even induce the Korsakoff syndrome, an irreversible and long-lasting medical condition. ARD still remains poorly diagnosed and addressed, despite having increased research interest being a frustrating condition, a relatively non-progressive, or even partially reversible condition in abstinent ex-drinkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874473711666180402142012DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Severe neurological complication following adjustable gastric banding.

G Chir 2018 Mar-Apr;39(2):92-96

Aim: In the last years with the increase of bariatric surgery, first of all as a result of new indications, a rise in the incidence of nutrient-related complications has been observed. Currently little is known about the impact of post-bariatric malnutrition and neurological complications. Wernicke's encephalopathy is a severe neurological syndrome which occurs as a result of thiamine deficiency. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Preventing Wernicke Encephalopathy After Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2018 Jul;28(7):2060-2068

Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Half a million bariatric procedures are performed annually worldwide. Our aim was to review the signs and symptoms of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after bariatric surgery. We included 118 WE cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3262-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018594PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Wernicke's encephalopathy after cardiac surgery.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 May 18;26(4):302-304. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mie Heart Center, Mie, Japan.

A 76-year-old woman who had been on hemodialysis for 3 years developed ischemic mitral valve insufficiency, tricuspid insufficiency, and chronic atrial fibrillation, and underwent cardiac surgery. On the 4th postoperative day, she experienced a sudden disturbance of consciousness, aphasia, and limb ataxia. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492318772693DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

[The prevention of Korsakoff's syndrome by offering involuntary care?]

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2018;60(4):250-257

Background: The new draft Law on care and coercion focuses on the care of people with a psychogeriatric disorder or intellectual disability. Perhaps this law can be applied to people suffering from chronic alcoholism, associated with an increased risk of Korsakoff's syndrome.

Aim: To explore whether the new draft law on care and coercion can be applied to people suffering from chronic alcoholism who still live at home. Read More

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August 2018
10 Reads

A Case of Wernicke Encephalopathy Developing After Ileal Bypass Surgery.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Dec;34(12):e223-e225

From the Departments of Pediatric Neurology.

Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute neurological problem resulting from thiamine deficiency and manifesting with mental confusion, oculomotor dysfunction, and ataxia. It is associated with alcohol dependence in adults. Preparatory factors include hyperemesis gravidarum, prolonged diarrhea, prolonged parental nutrition without vitamin support, absorption disorders, anorexia, cancer, and chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001472DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Vestibular Dysfunction in Wernicke's Encephalopathy: Predominant Impairment of the Horizontal Semicircular Canals.

Front Neurol 2018 12;9:141. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), a metabolic disorder due to thiamine deficiency, manifests with various neurological symptoms and signs. It has been known as a cause of vestibular dysfunction. Preliminary reports have proposed predominant involvement of the horizontal semicircular canals (HSCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5857915PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

Ocular manifestations in a case of Wernicke's encephalopathy due to hyperemesis gravidarum.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Apr;11(1):85-87

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

Wernicke's Encephalopathy (WE) is a potentially devastating disorder, which if not diagnosed and treated at the earliest, could lead to dangerous neurological and ophthalmological complications. We report the ocular manifestations of WE in a pregnant woman with hyperemesis gravidarum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ojo.OJO_137_2017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5848360PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes Associated With High-Dose Intravenous Thiamine Administration in Patients With Encephalopathy.

Psychosomatics 2018 Jul - Aug;59(4):379-387. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Background: Wernicke encephalopathy is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome due to thiamine deficiency. There is no consensus regarding thiamine dosing when Wernicke encephalopathy is suspected. A longstanding dosing strategy for Wernicke encephalopathy is 100mg daily, yet updated clinical guidelines suggest using high-dose intravenous (HDIV) thiamine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2018.01.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6015524PMC
January 2018
9 Reads

Diagnosis makes a difference: Perceptions of older persons with dementia symptoms.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):148-161. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

c Department of Psychology , The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh , Oshkosh , WI.

Background/Study Context: Employing the stereotype content model and terror management theory, we examined whether stereotypes and feelings about persons with dementia vary depending on the type of dementia diagnosis and purported causes of the dementia.

Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to read one of four vignettes that depicted a man who consulted his doctor because of memory problems. All vignettes described the same symptoms and diagnostic tests, but each of four groups read a different result: all tests normal (Normal); Alzheimer's disease (AD); Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) associated with alcohol abuse; and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) associated with head injuries from playing football in high school and college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422475DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

[A case of Wernicke encephalopathy with hypoacusia and MR high intensity of the inferior colliculi that normalized after thiamine administration].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Feb 31;58(2):100-104. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Neurology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine.

A 61-year-old man was admitted to our institution with progressive hypoacusia, double vision, and lightheadedness. Neurological examination on day 6 of his illness showed severe hypoacusia, mild confusion, ocular motility disorder, truncal ataxia and absence of a deep tendon reflex. MRI fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging revealed symmetrical high intensities in the tectum of the midbrain, involving the bilateral inferior colliculi and the bilateral medial thalami, which suggested Wernicke encephalopathy (WE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001082DOI Listing
February 2018
2 Reads

[Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome secondary to cytomegalovirus encephalitis: A case report].

Biomedica 2017 Dec 1;37(4):444-451. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Departamento de Infectología, Hospital Universitario de Bucaramanga "Los Comuneros", Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the opportunistic microorganisms with the highest prevalence in immunocompromised patients. Reactivation has decreased after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Encephalitis has been reported in the coinfection as one of the most frequent presentations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v37i4.3451DOI Listing
December 2017
19 Reads

Wernicke encephalopathy in a patient after liver transplantation: A case report.

World J Gastroenterol 2017 Dec;23(47):8432-8436

Organ Transplantation Center, The Second Xiang-ya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, China.

Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is an acute neurological disorder resulting from vitamin B1 deficiency, which is common in chronic alcoholism and is rare in acute liver failure. So far, there are 2 cases of WE reported after liver transplantation. Here, we report a case of a 45-year-old nonalcoholic male patient who developed psychiatric and neurological disturbance 15 d after receiving orthotopic liver transplantation because of hepatitis B-related cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v23.i47.8432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5743514PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

Wernicke Encephalopathy Following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy-a Call to Evaluate Thiamine Deficiencies After Restrictive Bariatric Procedures.

Obes Surg 2018 03;28(3):852-853

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, "Federico II" University, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-017-3083-xDOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Are Psychiatric Inpatients at Risk of Developing Wernicke's Encephalopathy Being Identified and Adequately Treated?

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2017 Dec 28;19(6). Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

Objective: Wernicke's encephalopathy is caused by thiamine deficiency and occurs predominantly in alcohol-dependent individuals but also develops in those who are malnourished due to other reasons including medical and psychiatric disorders. This study examined the frequency rate and management of Wernicke's encephalopathy in alcohol-dependent and non-alcohol-dependent patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital.

Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from electronic medical records of psychiatric inpatients admitted to a teaching hospital located in Texas between September 2013 and March 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.17m02179DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Subclinical thiamine deficiency in patients with abdominal cancer.

Palliat Support Care 2018 08 26;16(4):497-499. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,Nagoya,Japan.

Objective: Thiamine is an essential coenzyme for oxidative metabolisms; however, it is not synthesized in the human body, and the average thiamine storage capacity is approximately 18 days. Therefore, thiamine deficiency (TD) can occur in any condition of unbalanced nutrition. If TD is left untreated, it causes the neuropsychiatric disorder Wernicke encephalopathy (WE). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S147895151
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478951517000992DOI Listing
August 2018
36 Reads

Convergence Spasm in Wernicke Encephalopathy.

Neurohospitalist 2018 Jan 29;8(1):NP1-NP2. Epub 2017 Jan 29.

Department of Neurology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941874417690668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5734497PMC
January 2018
11 Reads

Acute up-beating nystagmus in a pregnant woman with hyperemesis gravidarum.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Jun 14;6:81-83. Epub 2017 Mar 14.

Department of Radiology, Federal University of Paraná, Rua General Carneiro, 181 Curitiba, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe a case of sudden onset of nystagmus in a pregnant patient with hyperemesis gravidarum.

Observations: Sixteen days after onset of persistent nausea and uncontrollable vomiting, a 12 week pregnant woman presented up-beating nystagmus, mild memory impairment and reduced sensitivity in the lower limbs. Laboratory tests presented thiamine deficiency and magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral medial thalami and midbrain lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.01.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722145PMC
June 2017
6 Reads