9,062 results match your criteria Volvulus Sigmoid and Cecal


Development of Onchocerca volvulus in humanized NSG mice and detection of parasite biomarkers in urine and serum.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 12;12(12):e0006977. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Background: The study of Onchocerca volvulus has been limited by its host range, with only humans and non-human primates shown to be susceptible to the full life cycle infection. Small animal models that support the development of adult parasites have not been identified.

Methodology/principal Findings: We hypothesized that highly immunodeficient NSG mice would support the survival and maturation of O. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prenatal diagnosis of antenatal midgut volvulus: Specific ultrasound features.

Prenat Diagn 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Pediatric Imaging, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Objective: To assess specific, direct, and indirect prenatal ultrasound features in cases of fetal midgut volvulus.

Methods: Retrospective case series of neonatal volvulus, based on postnatal and prenatal imaging findings that occurred from 2006-2017. Prenatal and postnatal signs including the specific "whirlpool sign" were computed. Read More

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December 2018

Gastroduodenal Intussusception of a Gastric Carcinoma.

Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Saiseikai Kanazawa Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan.

An 81-year-old woman presented with occasional mild abdominal pain and diarrhea. Computed tomography revealed a large tumor in the stomach and duodenum (Figure 1). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a gastric volvulus (Figure 2) and invagination of the head of the tumor into the duodenum (Figure 2). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Comparative study of intestinal malrotation in infant, children, and adult in a tertiary care center in India.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Gastroenterology, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Ashok Rajpath Road, Patna University Campus, Patna, 800 001, India.

Background: Intestinal malrotation (IM) is an uncommon condition and has varied presentation in different age groups. The study was aimed to evaluate differences in the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of IM in infants, children, and adults.

Methods: Data were collected from records of 79 patients with IM. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The natural history of nodding syndrome.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Ministry of Health, Headquarters, Uganda.

Nodding syndrome is a poorly understood acquired disorder affecting children in sub-Saharan Africa. The aetiology and pathogenesis are unknown, and no specific treatment is available. Affected children have a distinctive feature (repeated clusters of head nodding) and progressively develop many other features. Read More

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December 2018

Major complications of jejunal feeding in children.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address:

Aim Of The Study: The aim of the study was to identify major gastrointestinal complications associated with direct jejunal feeding. We hypothesized that jejunal feeding may cause life-threatening surgical complications in a minority of patients.

Methods: All patients undergoing jejunal feeding between 1/2008 and 1/2018 at a pediatric surgical unit were identified retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Covered perforation of Meckel's diverticulum ulcer to transverse colon: highlighting the urgent intervention and the avoidance of a dramatic evolution (case report and literature review).

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):83-87

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

Meckel's diverticulum represents a remnant of the proximal end of the omphalomesenteric duct, which constitutes a connection between the middle intestine and the vitelline vesicle. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract and is found in approximately 0.3-2% of the general population. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Diagnostic laparoscopy to investigate unexplained lactic acidosis in critically ill patients - A descriptive single centre cohort study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 13;36:231-234. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Surgery, University Hospital Hairmyres, NHS Lanarkshire, East Kilbride, G75 8RG, Scotland, UK.

Introduction: Unexplained lactic acidosis (LA) in a critically ill patient often prompts investigations to rule out any reversible intra-abdominal cause. Equivocal results can lead to an emergency laparotomy (EL) with subsequent high morbidity and mortality rates. Our objective was to determine the clinical impact of urgent diagnostic laparoscopy (UDL) in such patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Intrauterine volvulus that had been misunderstood as an antenatal mesenteric cyst.

Pediatr Neonatol 2018 Sep 4. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Meram, Konya, Turkey.

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September 2018

Volvulus of duodenal-ileal anastomosis.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Nov 22;14(11):1783-1784. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

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November 2018

Non-transplant surgical management of short bowel syndrome in children: an overview.

Curr Pediatr Rev 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University of Florence, Meyer Children's Hospital, Florence. Italy.

Management of severe Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) is still one of the largest challenges of the medicine. Vast majority of the short bowel patients are children, the conditions that lead to this possible outcome most often are necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), small intestinal volvulus as a result of intestinal malrotation, gastroschisis and the "apple peel" syndrome. Therefore paediatricians and paediatric surgeons face this challenge most often. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Gallbladder volvulus-acute cholecystitis 'with a twist'.

Authors:
James Aljoe

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 19;2018(11):rjy303. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

General Surgery, Manly Hospital, 150 Darley Road Manly Sydney, Manly, New South Wales, Australia.

A Caucasian 92-year-old female was admitted to hospital with acute epigastric pain associated with vomiting. Initial investigations revealed mildly raised inflammatory markers, normal liver function tests but a markedly distended gallbladder with prominent wall thickening. The patient was managed with intravenous antibiotics for acute cholecystitis but deteriorated significantly on Day 2 of admission. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Baseline characterization of epilepsy in an onchocerciasis endemic area of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Brain Res Bull 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurology and School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA; Department of Neurology, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, People's Republic of Congo; Institut National de Recherches Biomedicales, University of Kinshasa, People's Republic of Congo. Electronic address:

Increased epilepsy prevalence is reported in onchocerciasis (OC) endemic areas and is associated with the occurrence of distinct syndromes such as nodding disease and Nakalanga syndrome. To date, a causal relationship between OC and epilepsy is still a matter of controversy. We conducted a case-control study of participants with epilepsy and age- and gender-matched presumably healthy controls to elucidate the relationships between OC and epilepsy and explore the role of inflammation and growth factors in an OC endemic area in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Comments on Contemporary Management of Sigmoid Volvulus.

J Gastrointest Surg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, 25040, Erzurum, Turkey.

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November 2018

Neurological manifestations in Onchocerca volvulus infection: A review.

Brain Res Bull 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; Centre for Tropical Neuroscience, Kampala, Uganda; University of Oxford, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

Human onchocerciasis, caused by infection by the filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus, is a major neglected public health problem that affects millions of people in the endemic regions of sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Onchocerciasis is known to be associated with skin and eye disease and more recently, neurological features have been recognized as a major manifestation. Especially the latter poses a severe burden on affected individuals and their families. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Design of novel multi-epitope vaccines against Severe Acute respiratory syndrome validated through multistage molecular interaction and dynamics.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2018 Nov 20:1-47. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

a Department of Biotechnology , Mangalayatan University , Aligarh , India.

Severe Acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is endemic in south China and is continuing to spread worldwide since the 2003 outbreak, affecting human population of 37 countries till present. SARS is caused by the Severe Acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV). In the present study, we have designed two multi-epitope vaccines (MEVs) composed of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL), helper T lymphocyte (HTL) and B cell epitopes overlap, bearing the potential to elicit cellular as well as humoral immune response. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Laparoscopic repositioning of chronic gastric volvulus in a dog.

J S Afr Vet Assoc 2018 Nov 6;89(0):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria.

A 12-year-old spayed Newfoundland bitch was presented with chronic non-productive vomiting, regurgitation and coughing of six weeks' duration. On clinical examination, the dog was depressed with no other significant findings. Haematology and biochemistry investigations detected no abnormalities. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Compound volvulus: a case report and literature review.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;2018(11):rjy311. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, Nigeria.

Compound volvulus is an uncommon cause of acute abdomen and involves the twisting of the loops of ileum around the base of the sigmoid or vice versa. It is a surgical emergency that is often missed pre-operatively. We are reporting this case and reviewing the relevant literature to increase the awareness of this condition. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Synchronous volvulus of the sigmoid and transverse colon in a 26-year-old male.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;2018(11):rjy295. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Surgery, Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana.

We present a 26-year-old male patient who presented with complete bowel obstruction and peritonitis. His abdominal X-rays showed grossly distended large bowels with air-fluid levels. A differential diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus was entertained and the patient was taken for an exploratory laparotomy. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Gastric Deserosalization: What Lies Behind Closed Doors.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct-Dec;23(4):216-218

Department of Anesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Congenital intestinal malrotation has a wide spectrum of presentation varying from incidental detection to recurrent episodes of benign abdominal pain to frank gastrointestinal obstruction, mid-gut volvulus, and bowel gangrene. Herein, we report the first case of congenital intestinal malrotation leading to gastric deserosalization. Intraoperative findings were conspicuous by the presence of midgut volvulus and gastric perforation in the posterior wall. Read More

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November 2018

Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure for malrotation in infants and children is still a controversial approach.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Specialist Neonatal and Paediatric Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Section, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Open Ladd's procedure is the gold standard for the correction of intestinal malrotation and laparoscopic approach remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate our experience in laparoscopic management of malrotation.

Methods: Single center retrospective study including patients who underwent a laparoscopic assessment of intestinal malrotation with correction if appropriate between 2007 and 2017. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Chronic gastric volvulus.

Tunis Med 2018 Jun;96(6):393-396

Gastric volvulus is an abnormal rotation of the stomach around his axis. The chronic presenting, as the acute one, is considered as a surgical emergency. We report 4 cases of chronic gastic volvulus. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Novel Findings of Anti-Filarial Drug Target and Structure-Based Virtual Screening for Drug Discovery.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Nov 13;19(11). Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Infection Biology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan 54538, Korea.

Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis caused by filarial nematodes are important diseases leading to considerable morbidity throughout tropical countries. Diethylcarbamazine (DEC), albendazole (ALB), and ivermectin (IVM) used in massive drug administration are not highly effective in killing the long-lived adult worms, and there is demand for the development of novel macrofilaricidal drugs affecting new molecular targets. A Ca binding protein, calumenin, was identified as a novel and nematode-specific drug target for filariasis, due to its involvement in fertility and cuticle development in nematodes. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

On-going transmission of human onchocerciasis in the Massangam health district in the West Region of Cameroon: Better understanding transmission dynamics to inform changes in programmatic interventions.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Nov 14;12(11):e0006904. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Sightsavers, Haywards Heath, United Kingdom.

Background: Massangam health district (HD), in the West Region of Cameroon, has received ivermectin mass drug administration (MDA) for 20 years, however there is evidence of continued high transmission of Onchocerca volvulus. In order to better understand the transmission dynamics in the HD and inform intervention strategies there is a need to delineate the boundaries of the suspected area of high transmission within the wider transmission zone.

Methodology/principal Findings: Parasitological and entomological surveys were conducted to map out the breeding sites of Simulium damnosum and evaluate the prevalence of onchocerciasis in neighbouring communities, including Makouopsap sentinel community. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Diagnosis of chronic gastric instability using computed tomography in a Great Dane that progressed to gastric dilatation and volvulus: a literature review and case report.

Open Vet J 2018 29;8(2):219-223. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Oklahoma State University, College of Veterinary Health Sciences, 2065 W Farm Rd, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.

Chronic gastric instability (CGI) is part of the gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) complex and contributes to the pathophysiologic mechanism of volvulus. Clinical signs can be attributed to a flaccid and mobile stomach. This manuscript reviews the literature regarding CGI and presents a case where computerized tomography is utilized in combination with abdominal radiography to diagnose CGI in an 8 year old spayed female Great Dane. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Changes in canine serum N-glycosylation as a result of infection with the heartworm parasite Dirofilaria immitis.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 9;8(1):16625. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

New England Biolabs Inc., Ipswich, Massachusetts, 01938, USA.

Filariases are diseases caused by infection with filarial nematodes and transmitted by insect vectors. The filarial roundworm Dirofilaria immitis causes heartworm disease in dogs and other carnivores. D. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Medium and long-term outcomes of gastroschisis.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 6;27(5):327-329. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 281, Helsinki FIN-00029 HUS, Finland. Electronic address:

As survival of gastroschisis patients has improved significantly, it has become apparent that longitudinal follow up strategies need to be developed. Problems concerning patients with gastroschisis are usually associated with gastrointestinal morbidity, but there is mounting evidence that also neurodevelopmental, cognitive, behavioral and late-onset auditory sequelae exist. The presence of associated anomalies, as well as complex features (bowel atresia, necrosis, volvulus, perforation) increase morbidity and impact long-term outcomes. Read More

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October 2018

Surgical strategies in complex gastroschisis.

Authors:
Sherif Emil

Semin Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 25;27(5):309-315. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Pediatric Surgery; The Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Room B04.2028, 1001 Decarie Boulevard, Montreal, QC, Canada H4A 3J1. Electronic address:

Currently, the most important determinant of gastroschisis outcomes in high resource settings is whether the condition is associated with intestinal complications, such as atresia, necrosis, perforation, or volvulus. This form of the anomaly, known as complex gastroschisis, accounts for most of the mortality and a disproportionate burden of the morbidity from gastroschisis. There is some disagreement about what constitutes complex gastroschisis, and little consensus on the type and timing of surgical interventions. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

A case report of a rare and challenging gangrenous splenic flexure volvulus in a pregnant patient.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 2;53:171-174. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

James Cook University, Cairns Base Hospital, QLD, Australia.

Introduction: Splenic flexure volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction and is uncommonly encountered in young patients from developed countries.

Presentation Of Case: This report details a challenging case of a gangrenous large bowel volvulus in a 25 year old woman 20 weeks pregnant, highlighting the diagnostic and operative challenges that this rare clinical situation presents. After urgent MRI confirming a splenic flexure volvulus, an emergency open left hemicolectomy and end colostomy was performed. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Long-term outcomes following surgical repair of giant paraoesophageal hiatus hernia.

Surg Endosc 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Oesophago-Gastric Surgery, Royal Infirmary Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Old Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK.

Introduction: There are limited data regarding long-term outcomes after surgical repair of giant paraoesophageal hiatus hernia (GPHH). The aim of this study was to assess symptomatic recurrence and patient-reported outcomes following GPHH repair.

Methods: 178 patients undergoing elective (127) and emergency (51) GPHH repair between 1994 and 2015 were identified from the prospectively collected Lothian Surgical Audit database. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Mesenteroaxial Gastric Volvulus Diagnosed with MR Imaging during the Early Stages of Pregnancy.

Magn Reson Med Sci 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Radiology, Shiga University of Medical Science.

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November 2018
2 Reads

CT of Gastric Volvulus: Interobserver Reliability, Radiologists' Accuracy, and Imaging Findings.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Nov 7:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1 Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify CT findings and determine interobserver reliability of surgically proven gastric volvulus.

Materials And Methods: This single-center retrospective study included 30 patients (21 women, nine men; mean age, 73 years old) with surgically proven gastric volvulus who underwent preoperative CT and 31 age- and sex-matched control subjects (21 women, nine men; mean age, 74 years old) with large hiatal hernias who were imaged for reasons other than abdominal pain. Two blinded radiologists reviewed the CT images and recorded findings of organoaxial and mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus and ischemia. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads
2.731 Impact Factor

A huge completely isolated duplication cyst complicated by torsion and lined by 3 different mucosal epithelial components in an adult: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(44):e13005

Rationale: Intestinal or enteric duplication (ED) does exit as a rare congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal system clinically. It is a separate entity, but can be communicated with the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized by a well-developed muscular wall and lumen endowed with ectopic mucosa, simulating a portion of normal bowel. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Reoperation after Ladd's procedure in the neonatal period.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Aim Of The Study: To investigate (1) the indications for reoperation after neonatal Ladd's procedure, (2) the type of reoperation and (3) its outcome.

Methods: We reviewed all neonatal Ladd's procedures in our hospital from 2003 to 2017 and the outcomes of reoperation in these patients.

Main Results: 252 neonates had Ladd's procedure: 59 were laparoscopic (23. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Outcomes of first-line endoscopic management for patients with sigmoid volvulus.

Dig Liver Dis 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Institute of Digestive Diseases (IMAD), University Hospital of Nantes, Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, France.

Background: Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of colonic obstruction in old and frail patients. Its standard management includes the endoscopic detorsion of the colonic loop, followed by an elective sigmoidectomy to prevent recurrence. However, these patients are often poor candidates for surgery. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of saphenous and cephalic blood lactate concentrations in dogs with gastric dilatation and volvulus: 45 cases.

Can J Vet Res 2018 Oct;82(4):271-277

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine Department of Emergency and Critical Care, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 76100 (Oron, Klainbart, Bruchim, Kelmer, Saar); Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Clinical and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (McMurray, Boysen).

Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition, suspected to result in differential tissue perfusion in different regions of the body. Lactate is a biomarker of hypoperfusion that correlates with treatment outcomes in dogs with GDV. This prospective observational study aimed to compare lactate between saphenous and cephalic venous samples in 45 client-owned dogs with GDV, to evaluate their association with treatment outcomes (survival, surgical complications, and duration of hospitalization) and to assess the correlation between lactate and other biochemical parameters. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads
1.022 Impact Factor

Identification of clinical parameters to increase the diagnostic yield of the non-emergent upper gastrointestinal series in pediatric outpatients.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th St, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA.

Background: Outpatient, non-emergent upper gastrointestinal (GI) series are frequently requested in children with no surgical history who have nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain, failure to thrive and vomiting. The positive yield of an upper GI series in these patients, and, thus, its utility, has not been studied.

Objectives: We evaluated the incidence of positive upper GI findings in children without a history of GI pathology or abdominal surgery in order to identify clinical indications associated with a greater diagnostic yield. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Beyond Belsey: complex laparoscopic hiatus and diaphragmatic hernia repair.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 Oct 16:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK , London , UK.

Background: Diaphragmatic and hiatus hernias can cause mild chronic symptoms or have an acute presentation with gastric volvulus and obstruction. Elective or emergency surgery is indicated in symptomatic patients and nowadays is generally performed laparoscopically.

Methods: We report four different types of hernias: a giant hiatus hernia following a gastric pull-up for recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia; a Bochdalek hernia in a pregnant young woman; concomitant hiatus and Morgagni hernias; and a giant hiatus hernia occupying the right chest. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Sigmoid Volvulus in Children: Diagnosis and Therapeutic Challenge.

GE Port J Gastroenterol 2018 Sep 6;25(5):264-267. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Porto, Portugal.

Background: Sigmoid volvulus is a rare condition in children. Early diagnosis increases the success of nonsurgical treatment in the emergency department, but posterior elective surgery is important due to the risk of recurrence.

Methods/conclusions: We present the case of a healthy 16-year-old girl with recurrent volvulus and successful endoscopic treatment followed by elective surgery. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Canine and feline emphysematous gastritis may be differentiated from gastric emphysema based on clinical and imaging characteristics: Five cases.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Roslin, EH25 9RG, UK.

Gastric pneumatosis is an imaging finding defined as the presence of gas foci in the gastric wall. In humans, this imaging feature can result from one of two separate clinical entities: life-threatening emphysematous gastritis or clinically benign gastric emphysema. This retrospective case series study describes the clinical and imaging features in five animals diagnosed with spontaneous gastric pneumatosis without gastric dilatation-volvulus. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Intestinal malrotation in infants with omphalocele: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: The management of intestinal malrotation in infants with omphalocele varies among surgeons. Herein, we aimed to determine whether infants with omphalocele should be investigated for malrotation.

Methods: Using a defined search strategy, three investigators identified all studies reporting patients with omphalocele and malrotation. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Horseshoe sign: Sigmoid volvulus.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:85-86

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
1 Read

Ligand binding properties of two Brugia malayi fatty acid and retinol (FAR) binding proteins and their vaccine efficacies against challenge infection in gerbils.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Oct 8;12(10):e0006772. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Pathobiological Sciences, LSU School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, United States of America.

Parasitic nematodes produce an unusual class of fatty acid and retinol (FAR)-binding proteins that may scavenge host fatty acids and retinoids. Two FARs from Brugia malayi (Bm-FAR-1 and Bm-FAR-2) were expressed as recombinant proteins, and their ligand binding, structural characteristics, and immunogenicities examined. Circular dichroism showed that rBm-FAR-1 and rBm-FAR-2 are similarly rich in α-helix structure. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Onchocerca volvulus as a risk factor for developing epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic regions in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a case control study.

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Oct 8;7(1):79. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: A high prevalence of epilepsy has been observed in onchocerciasis endemic areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). With this study we aimed to investigate whether Onchocerca volvulus infection is a risk factor for developing epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic regions in the DRC.

Methods: Between October and December 2015, a multi-centre case control study was performed in onchocerciasis endemic health zones (HZ) in the DRC: one study site was situated in Tshopo Province in the HZ of Wanierukula (village of Salambongo) where there had been 13 annual community distributions of treatment with ivermectin (CDTI), a second was situated in Ituri Province in the HZ of Logo (village of Draju) where ivermectin had never been distributed and in the HZ of Rethy (village of Rassia) where there had been THREE CDTI annual campaigns before the study. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Short bowel syndrome caused by laparoscopic loop enterostomy of the jejunum in an adult with undiagnosed intestinal malrotation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(40):e12712

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chiayi Branch, Chiayi.

Rationale: Failure to recognize intestinal malrotation in adults can cause complications during surgeries, especially those with a limited operative field. We report a case of short bowel syndrome caused by mistaken creation of a loop enterostomy in the jejunum due to undiagnosed intestinal malrotation.

Patient Concerns: A 72-year-old man underwent a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and ileocolostomy because of complicated diverticulitis. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Gastric tube volvulus following an Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 Oct 5:e1-e4. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

First Department of Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Laikon University Hospital , Athens , Greece.

Gastric tube conduit is the method of choice for restoring continuity of the digestive track after a partial or total esophagectomy. Redundant gastric conduit (i.e. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

High genetic diversity in the Dirofilaria repens species complex revealed by mitochondrial genomes of feline microfilaria samples from Narathiwat, Thailand.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Dirofilaria repens is a zoonotic, mosquito-borne filaria infecting carnivores, particularly dogs. It is expanding its range in Europe but epidemiological information is sparse for other Eurasian regions. In Hong Kong and India, the closely related species Candidatus Dirofilaria hongkongensis was proposed. Read More

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October 2018

The temporal relationship between onchocerciasis and epilepsy: a population-based cohort study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Nov 26;18(11):1278-1286. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

UMI 233, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Montpellier, France; Université Montpellier, Montpellier, France; INSERM Unité 1175, Montpellier, France. Electronic address:

Background: Many studies have suggested that onchocerciasis might be associated with epilepsy. Therefore, we did a cohort study to assess the incidence of epilepsy relative to Onchocerca volvulus skin microfilarial density (MFD) measured during childhood and to assess the possibility of a temporal relationship.

Methods: During onchocerciasis surveys undertaken in 25 villages in Cameroon during 1991-93, we measured MFD in individuals aged 5 years or older. Read More

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November 2018
11 Reads

From Endoscopic Detorsion to Sigmoid Colectomy-The Art of Managing Patients with Sigmoid Volvulus: A Survey of the Members of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons.

Am Surg 2018 Sep;84(9):1518-1525

This study queried American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons members for management of sigmoid volvulus and aimed to determine whether surgeon experience impacts decision-making. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons members received a 16-item survey in March, 2017. Items included endoscopic detorsion technique and colonic decompression, preoperative dietary considerations, surgical approach, and respondents' demographics. Read More

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September 2018