959 results match your criteria Vocal Fold Paralysis Unilateral


A Very Rare Complication of Hyaluronic Acid Injection for Medialization Laryngoplasty: A Case With Laryngeal Abscess.

J Voice 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Otolaryngology, Pendik Training and Research Hospital, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Hyaluronic acid injection for medialization laryngoplasty is a safe procedure performed on patients with glottic incompetence. Laryngeal abscess formation as a complication of injection laryngoplasty is a very rare complication, and, as we know from the literature, there has been only one case of laryngeal abscess after injection laryngoplasty in a patient with a type-I laryngeal cleft. We document for the first time a laryngeal abscess resulting from hyaluronic acid injection laryngoplasty for unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Voice aerodynamics following office-based hyaluronate injection laryngoplasty.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 259 Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Taoyuan, 333, Taiwan.

Objectives: Neuromuscular control, glottal conformation, and aerodynamics are the major factors affecting voice performance. We aimed to characterize the degree to which voice improvements following office-based intracordal hyaluronate injection laryngoplasty (HIL) depend on changes in voice aerodynamics in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP), by assessing the correlations between these parameters.

Design: Prospective case series. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/coa.13343
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13343DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Delayed laryngeal implant infection and laryngocutaneous fistula after medialization laryngoplasty.

Am J Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Cleveland Clinic, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Medialization laryngoplasty is a common procedure for voice rehabilitation in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Complications are uncommon and delayed infections involving implants are rare. We report a delayed infectious complication following an animal scratch resulting in a laryngocutaneous fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.03.018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Tapia's Syndrome after Cosmetic Malar Augmentation: a Case Report.

J Dent (Shiraz) 2019 Mar;20(1):66-69

Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Tapia's syndrome is an infrequent complication of airway manipulation. It is usually due to an extra-cranial ipsilateral injury to the hypoglossal nerve and the recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagal nerve, which can happen after any surgery. It is usually characterized by unilateral paralysis of the muscle of the tongue and vocal cords although it can also occur bilaterally. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421320PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Liuzijue Qigong: A Voice Training Method For Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis Patients.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Mar 21:3489419837265. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

6 Key Laboratory of Speech and Hearing Science, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives:: Liuzijue Qigong (LQG), a kind of traditional Chinese health exercise (TCHE), is not only widely used to strengthen physical fitness and maintain psychological well-being in the elderly but has also been utilized to help improve respiratory function. As respiratory support is an important driving force for speech production, it is logical to postulate that the LQG training method with 6 monosyllabic speech sounds, xū, hē, hū, sī, chuī, and xī, can help individuals (1) experience a relaxing and natural state of speech production, (2) eliminate voice symptoms, and (3) improve their overall body function and mood. In the current study, we hypothesized that the LQG method with these 6 sounds can be effective in improving vocal function in subjects with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) in comparison with a conventional voice therapy method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489419837265DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads
1.054 Impact Factor

Using intraoperative optical coherence tomography to image pediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 26;121:72-75. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) impairs communication and reduces academic performance and social interactions in children. Deciding between temporary, permanent, or potentially destructive surgical interventions can be challenging, as there currently exists no reliable means of predicting vocal fold recovery or assessing the presence of vocal fold atrophy. Regarding vocal fold atrophy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been shown to be an appealing non-invasive alternative for accessing vocal fold structures. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.039DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Arytenoid vertical height discrepancy in predicting outcomes after unilateral vocal cord medialization.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives/hypothesis: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis is a structural abnormality that often occurs secondary to dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and typically presents as a breathy voice. Medialization laryngoplasty is a constellation of procedures that improves apposition of the vocal cords. Many patients, however, fail to experience sufficient improvement in vocal quality postoperatively despite apparent glottic closure on stroboscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27900DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Routine bilateral neck exploration and four-gland dissection remains unnecessary in modern parathyroid surgery.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 28;4(1):188-192. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Augusta University Augusta Georgia.

Objective: Recent advances in preoperative imaging techniques and intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) assays have made single-gland, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) the preferred treatment option for most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Despite this evolution, a recommendation for bilateral neck exploration (BNE) with four-gland dissection in all patients has recently been advocated by a parathyroid surgical group. The current study compares the long-term outcomes of MIP with those of conventional BNE with four-gland dissection in patients with pHPT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383449PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

High-resolution manometry and swallow outcomes after vocal fold injection medialization for unilateral vocal fold paralysis/paresis.

Head Neck 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background: Injection medialization is performed to improve glottic closure, thereby airway protection. Overall objective to determine if unilateral injection medialization changes glottal area with concomitant adjustments in penetration/aspiration scale (PAS) scores and pharyngeal high-resolution manometry (HRM) parameters.

Methods: Enrolled 17 adults with unilateral vocal fold paralysis/paresis and aspiration/penetration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25715DOI Listing
February 2019

Single, high-dose local injection of bFGF improves thyroarytenoid muscle atrophy after paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) induces hoarseness due to progressive atrophy of the denervated thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle. Therefore, treatments aimed at regenerating the atrophied TA muscle are required. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is involved in muscle development and regeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27887DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Predicting glottal closure insufficiency using fundamental frequency contour analysis.

Head Neck 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Background: Voice analysis has a limited role in a day-to-day voice clinic. We developed objective measurements of vocal folds (VF) glottal closure insufficiency (GCI) during phonation.

Methods: We examined 18 subjects with no history of voice impairment and 20 patients with unilateral VF paralysis before and after injection medialization laryngoplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25709DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of cricothyroid involvement on adductor recovery in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Wide variation in postinjury functional recovery is a hallmark of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP), ranging from zero to full recovery. The present study examined the impact of cricothyroid (CT) muscle involvement on recovery using quantitative laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) of the thyroarytenoid-lateral cricoarytenoid (TA-LCA) muscle complex at multiple times postinjury.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study in a medical center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27868DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
2.032 Impact Factor

Neonatal vocal fold motion impairment after complex aortic arch reconstruction: What should parents expect after diagnosis?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 May 5;120:40-43. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States.

Objectives: To study the incidence, sequelae, follow up, and recovery rate of vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) after complex aortic arch reconstruction in neonates.

Study Design: Retrospective case control study.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 105 neonates who underwent complex aortic arch reconstruction from 2014 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.006DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy for the treatment of neonatal bilateral vocal cord paralysis - Long-term results.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 22;119:147-150. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis often causes severe dyspnea requiring an early airway intervention in neonates. Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) with suture is a quick, reversible, minimally-invasive vocal cord lateralizing technique to enlarge the glottis. The arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to a normal abducted position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.032DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The assistance of coblation in arytenoidectomy for vocal cord paralysis.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Jan 1;139(1):90-93. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a Department of Otolaryngology , Xuzhou Central Hospital , Xuzhou , China.

Background: There are many causes for vocal cord paralysis, which can cause difficulty in breathing in serious cases. The common surgical methods for solving vocal cord paralysis include laryngeal splitting or laser surgery, but there are limitations. Plasma radiofrequency ablation is a new treatment with good achievements in clinical applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1542160DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.990 Impact Factor

Evaluation of upper oesophageal sphincter in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Feb 1;133(2):149-154. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Otolaryngology,Selcuk University Medical Faculty Hospital,Konya,Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate dysphagia and manometric changes in the upper oesophageal sphincter in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Methods: Thirty patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis due to vagal nerve paralysis scheduled for evaluation were enrolled in the study group; 24 healthy subjects were included in the control group. Upper oesophageal sphincter basal and residual pressure, relaxation time, and pharyngeal pressure values were evaluated by manometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000045DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Predicting the Outcome of Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: A Multivariate Discriminating Model Including Grade of Dysphonia, Jitter, Shimmer, and Voice Handicap Index-10.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 May 29;128(5):447-452. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

1 Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Audiology Unit at Treviso Hospital, Treviso, Italy.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate if any clinical and phoniatric characteristics or quality-of-life measures could predict the outcome of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) initially managed with speech therapy.

Methods: Forty-six patients with UVFP were evaluated using laryngostroboscopy, the GIRBAS (grade, instability, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, and strain) scale, acoustic analysis, and the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) questionnaire. Treatment was speech therapy according to a 3-phase protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489419826597DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Accuracy of Thyroid Cartilage Fenestration During Montgomery Medialization Thyroplasty.

J Voice 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Department, Leidse Universitaire Medisch Centrum (LUMC), University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Accuracy of thyroid cartilage fenestration during Montgomery thyroplasty (MTIS) is considered a key success factor. The primary aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of fenestration. Furthermore, recent publications indicate a possible discrepancy in MTIS voice outcomes related to gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Characteristics of the Voice Handicap Index for Patients With Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis Who Underwent Arytenoid Adduction.

J Voice 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8574, Japan.

Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the characteristics of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), a self-assessment measure, for patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) who underwent arytenoid adduction (AA), in comparison with postoperative vocal function examinations.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who underwent AA at Tohoku University Hospital during the period between 2014 and 2017. VHI was compared before and after surgery; moreover, correlations were assessed between the VHI and other voice measurements, including perceptual assessment of voice, as well as aerodynamic and acoustic measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.12.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Safety of outpatient unilateral medialization laryngoplasty across two academic institutions.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Unilateral ML is a commonly performed surgery for dysphonia secondary to glottic insufficiency. The safety of this procedure performed in the outpatient setting has not been extensively examined. The purpose of the study was to assess the safety of outpatient unilateral ML in adults and determine the incidence and timing of postoperative complications across two tertiary-care academic medical centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27688DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Voice outcomes following medialization laryngoplasty with and without arytenoid adduction.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Objective: Voice outcomes following medialization laryngoplasty (ML) for unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) were compared to those who underwent ML plus arytenoid adduction (AA) (ML+AA).

Methods: Single institution retrospective review of patients with UVFP undergoing ML and ML+AA (2009-2017). Demographic information and history of laryngeal procedures were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27684DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Injection laryngoplasty in neonates and young children with unilateral vocal fold immobility.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 19;117:127-130. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Florida Atlantic University, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, USA; Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital, Hollywood, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although injection laryngoplasty (IL) is a well-accepted treatment strategy in older children and adults with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI), its efficacy and safety have not been well studied in neonates and young children.

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic effects of IL on aspiration & dysphagia in neonates and young children with UVFI.

Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of infants and children who underwent IL at a tertiary children's hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.11.020DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Cortical networks for speech motor control in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Objective: To evaluate brain networks for motor control of voice production in patients with treated unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP).

Study Design: Cross-sectional comparison.

Methods: Nine UVFP patients treated by type I thyroplasty, and 11 control subjects were compared using magnetoencephalographic imaging to measure beta band (12-30 Hz) neural oscillations during voice production with perturbation of pitch feedback. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27730
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27730DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Identifying the Prevalence of Dysphagia among Patients Diagnosed with Unilateral Vocal Fold Immobility.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 11:194599818815885. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: To identify dysphagia prevalence and characteristics among patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) through a systematic review of current literature.

Data Sources: Embase, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library.

Review Methods: Four electronic databases were reviewed according to the PRISMA criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818815885DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Vocal motor control and central auditory impairments in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Objectives: To evaluate differences in vocal motor control and central auditory processing between treated unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) and healthy control cohorts.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: Ten UVFP study patients treated by type I thyroplasty with stable voices were compared to 12 control subjects for vocal motor control using a pitch perturbation response task and central auditory processing performance using a battery of complex sound intelligibility assays that included adverse temporal and noise conditions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27680
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27680DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Injection Laryngoplasty for Children with Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: Procedural Limitations and Swallow Outcomes.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 20;160(3):540-545. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Objective: Vocal fold immobility with resultant dysphagia is a known cause of morbidity in the pediatric population. Herein we evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of injection laryngoplasty in children.

Study Design: Case series with chart review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818813002DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Medialization Laryngoplasty in Pediatric Patients With Unilateral Vocal Fold Immobility: A Case Series.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Feb 17;128(2):145-151. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

2 Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives:: The aims of this study were to describe the impact of laryngoplasty in pediatric unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) and to determine the impact of etiology and technique on voice and swallowing.

Methods:: A retrospective review was conducted of all children with UVFI undergoing medialization laryngoplasty at a pediatric hospital (2010-2017). Data including demographics, etiology, subjective voice quality, and swallowing function were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418814276DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

The incidence and recovery rate of idiopathic vocal fold paralysis: a population-based study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 15;276(1):153-158. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, 3600 Broadway, 4th floor, Oakland, CA, 94611, USA.

Purpose: To determine the incidence and spontaneous recovery rate of idiopathic vocal fold paralysis (IVFP) and paresis (IVFp), and the impact of steroid treatment on rates of recovery.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all patients with IVFP or IVFp within a large integrated health-care system between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics, including time to diagnosis, spontaneous recovery status, time to recovery, and treatment, were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5207-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Complications of using Gore-Tex in medialization laryngoplasty: case series and literature review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 13;276(1):255-261. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8574, Japan.

Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and contributing factors of complications associated with medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients who underwent medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex at Tohoku University Hospital between January 2014 and April 2018. A search of series and case reports in PubMed was performed to determine the incidence of complications following medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-018-5204-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5204-0DOI Listing
January 2019
32 Reads

Aspiration in children with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 8;129(3):569-573. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives/hypothesis: To describe the prevalence of aspiration in children with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who underwent objective assessment of swallow function.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Methods: A study of patients presenting to our institution with unilateral vocal fold paralysis in 2015 was conducted. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27410
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27410DOI Listing
March 2019
54 Reads

Vocal Fold Motion Recovery in Patients With Iatrogenic Unilateral Immobility: Cervical Versus Thoracic Injury.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Jan 20;128(1):44-49. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

1 Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives:: Prognostic information about the return of vocal fold mobility in patients with iatrogenic unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) can help with informed decisions about temporary and permanent treatment options. Although many variables can influence the likelihood of recovery, clinical experience suggests that cervical versus thoracic injury is a determining factor. The purpose of this study was to compare recovery rates from UVFI between cervical and thoracic injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418808306DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Thyroplasty in unilateral vocal fold paresis with coexisting hereditary hemorrhagic telenagiectasia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(41):e12727

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poland.

Rationale: The coincidence of an idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paresis and hereditary hemorrhagic telenagiectasia (HHT) is extremely rare and has not been described in the available literature yet.

Patients Concerns: A 55-year-old female was admitted to hospital due to acute onset of hoarseness, voice fatigue, and effort dyspnea. In the past, the patient was diagnosed with HHT and on admission presented characteristic vascular lesions in the oral cavity. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201810120-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203463PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

Recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation: is this the standard of care for pediatric unilateral vocal cord paralysis?

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec;26(6):431-436

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Texas Children's Hospital.

Purpose Of Review: Ansa to recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation, otherwise known as a nonselective laryngeal reinnervation (NSLR), is growing in popularity for the management of pediatric unilateral neuronal vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI). In this chapter, we will review the current treatment options for neuronal VFMI and role that NSLR plays in the treatment algorithm.

Recent Findings: In 2018, Bouhabel and Hartnick published a survey of fellowship trained pediatric otolaryngologists and found an increasing comfort level with NSLR. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00020840-900000000-9924
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000499DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

[The efficacy of ansa cervicalis anterior root for unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;53(9):655-660

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

To discuss the long-term efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation using the anterior root of the ansa cervicalis in the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by thyroid surgery. From January 2010 to January 2016, a total of 39 UVFP patients who underwent ansa cervicalis anterior root-to-recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) anastomosis and who had suffered nerve disfunction for 6 to 24 months were enrolled as UVFP group.Another 39 age and gender matched normal subjects served as control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Risk factors for thyroid surgery-related unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2019 Jan 3;129(1):275-283. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

From the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objectives/hypothesis: We aimed to identify the risk factors for iatrogenic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by thyroid surgery, to allow the identification of patients requiring nerve-protection procedures and monitoring technologies.

Study Design: Retrospective case study in a medical center.

Methods: Patients who underwent thyroid surgery from April 2011 to February 2016 and who were diagnosed with UVFP by laryngoscopy and laryngeal electromyography were included. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27336
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27336DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Incidence and Treatment Outcomes of Vocal Fold Movement Impairment After Total Arch Replacement.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 3;129(3):699-703. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Bobby R. Alford Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Background: Vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI) secondary to neuronal injury is a known risk after aortic surgery. Total arch replacement is technically challenging, and the incidence of vocal fold movement impairment secondary to neuronal injury after this surgery is unknown. This study examined the incidence of VFMI after total arch replacement and medialization treatment outcomes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27347
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27347DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Voice Outcome Measures for Adult Patients With Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: A Systematic Review.

Laryngoscope 2019 Jan 19;129(1):187-197. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Ear Institute, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) typically results in marked changes in voice quality and performance and has a significant impact on quality of life. Treatment approaches generally aim to restore glottal closure for phonation and improve vocal function. There are a wide range of voice outcome measures that are available to measure the treatment effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27434DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Anatomical Course of the Thyroarytenoid Branch of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 12;129(3):704-708. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Bombay Hospital Voice and Swallowing Centre, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India.

Objectives/hypothesis: To determine the position and anatomic variability of the thyroarytenoid (TA) branch of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in an Indian population. This study is specifically targeted to aid in identifying the nerve for reinnervation procedures for unilateral and bilateral vocal fold paralysis, as well as denervation surgeries such as TA myoneurectomy and Selective Laryngeal Adductor Denervation and Reinnervation (SLAD-R) for adductor spasmodic dysphonia.

Methods: We dissected 46 fresh-frozen adult larynges (92 sides) without pathology. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27491
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27491DOI Listing
March 2019
24 Reads
2.032 Impact Factor

Idiopathic Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis in Older Patients: Characteristics in the Disease Course and Implication of Computed Tomography for Evaluation of Etiology.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Nov 5;127(11):823-828. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

2 Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the characteristics of idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IUVFP) in elderly versus younger patients, including the diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT) scans for identifying the structural causes of IUVFP.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of the patients initially diagnosed with IUVFP in a single referral tertiary hospital. We compared patients' baseline characteristics, initial symptoms, laryngoscopic findings, and prevalence of structural causes on CT scans with respect to age (younger, <65 years vs older, ⩾65 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418797944DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Surgical Impact of the Montgomery Implant System on Arytenoid Cartilage and the Paralyzed Vocal Fold.

J Voice 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Phoniatrics, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Objectives/hypothesis: Medialization thyroplasty (MT) has become a prominent method for treating glottal insufficiency. This study aimed to visualize the biomechanical influence of a medialization implant on arytenoid cartilage, particularly on the length and level of paralyzation in the vocal fold, in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Study Design: Prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.07.019DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Improved swallow outcomes after injection laryngoplasty in unilateral vocal fold immobility.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Aug;97(8):250-256

Department of Otolaryngology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, 3440 N. Broad St., Kresge West #300, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.

While the impact of injection laryngoplasty on voice outcomes in unilateral vocal fold immobility has been well characterized, there is a relative paucity of literature investigating its influence on swallow function and outcomes. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients presenting to an academic cancer center between January 2014 and January 2016 to evaluate the clinical impact of percutaneous injection laryngoplasty on reduction of aspiration risk, patient perception of swallowing, and recommended safe diet in patients with vocal fold immobility after head and neck and thoracic surgery. A consecutive sample of patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal fold immobility with patient- or clinician-identified abnormal swallow function who underwent bedside or in-office vocal fold injection was included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131809700822DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Association between Upper Respiratory Infection and Idiopathic Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Oct 20;127(10):667-671. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

1 Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Introduction: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) without an identifiable cause is termed idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IUVFP). Some authors have postulated that select cases of IUVFP have a viral etiology, but the causality has not been established. We set out to review institutional cases of IUVFP and determine if there is a correlation between upper respiratory infection symptoms and presentation of IUVFP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418787542DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Voice outcome measures after flexible endoscopic injection laryngoplasty.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun 4;4(2):130-134. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Lebanon.

Objective: To report voice outcome measures after injection laryngoplasty using the transnasal or transoral flexible endoscopic technique.

Methods: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent flexible endoscopic injection laryngoplasty between June 2010 and August 2016 was carried out. Only those patients who had pre- and post-injection voice outcome measures recorded were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wjorl.2018.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074013PMC

Vocal Fold Paresis: Incidence, and the Relationship between Voice Handicap Index and Laryngeal EMG Findings.

J Voice 2018 Jul 16. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether there is a correlation between Voice Handicap Index 10 (VHI-10) and degree of vocal fold paresis as determined by laryngeal EMG. Secondary objective was to determine the incidence of vocal fold paresis in a tertiary laryngology practice.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of all new voice patients seen by the senior author (RTS) from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.05.008DOI Listing

Numerical analysis and comparison of flow fields in normal larynx and larynx with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2018 Jun 19;21(8):532-540. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

b Department of Otolaryngology, Otolaryngology Research Center , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz , Iran.

In this study, laryngeal flow fields are investigated and compared in normal larynx and models of larynx with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). In paralytic models, three fixed initial glottal gaps are considered to understand the positive or probable negative impacts of surgical operation on unilaterally paralytic larynx, by which the paralyzed vocal fold is brought closer to the mid-plane. Various features of the flow fields have been discussed in detail including glottal gap width, glottal flow rate, glottal exit pressure pattern and glottal jet evolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2018.1499898DOI Listing

Overground endoscopic findings and respiratory sound analysis in horses with recurrent laryngeal neuropathy after unilateral laser ventriculocordectomy.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 9;51(2):185-191. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Hambleton Equine Clinic, Great Ayton, North Yorkshire, UK.

Background: Unilateral ventriculocordectomy (VeC) is frequently performed, yet objective studies in horses with naturally occurring recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) are few.

Objectives: To evaluate respiratory noise and exercising overground endoscopy in horses with grade B and C laryngeal function, before and after unilateral laser VeC.

Study Design: Prospective study in clinically affected client-owned horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.12993DOI Listing

Efficacy of trans-nasal fiberendoscopic injection laryngoplasty with centrifuged autologous fat in the treatment of glottic insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2018 Jun;38(3):204-213

ENT Department, M. Bufalini Hospital, Cesena, Italy.

Summary: The objective of this work is to evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of trans-nasal fiberendoscopic injection laryngoplasty (IL) with centrifuged autologous fat, performed under local anaesthesia, in the treatment of glottic insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). It is a within-subject study with follow-up 1 week after phonosurgery and after 6 months. A total of 22 patients with chronic dysphonia caused by glottic insufficiency due to UVFP were enrolled. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036949PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.14639/0392-100X-2012DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis with ansa cervicalis to recurrent nerve anastomosis in a young adolescent: European case report.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Jul 29;132(7):661-664. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Academic Medical Center,Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

Background: Laryngeal re-innervation in paediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis is a relatively new treatment option, of which there has been little reported experience in Europe.

Methods: In this European case report of a 13-year-old boy with dysphonia secondary to left-sided unilateral vocal fold paralysis after cardiac surgery, the patient underwent re-innervation using an ansa cervicalis to recurrent laryngeal nerve transfer, in combination with fat augmentation, after 12 years of nerve denervation. Perceptual analysis data, and acoustic and laryngoscopy recordings were acquired pre-operatively, and at one and two years post-operatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001007DOI Listing
July 2018
43 Reads