933 results match your criteria Vocal Fold Paralysis Unilateral


Identifying the Prevalence of Dysphagia among Patients Diagnosed with Unilateral Vocal Fold Immobility.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 11:194599818815885. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: To identify dysphagia prevalence and characteristics among patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) through a systematic review of current literature.

Data Sources: Embase, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library.

Review Methods: Four electronic databases were reviewed according to the PRISMA criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818815885DOI Listing
December 2018

Vocal motor control and central auditory impairments in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Objectives: To evaluate differences in vocal motor control and central auditory processing between treated unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) and healthy control cohorts.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: Ten UVFP study patients treated by type I thyroplasty with stable voices were compared to 12 control subjects for vocal motor control using a pitch perturbation response task and central auditory processing performance using a battery of complex sound intelligibility assays that included adverse temporal and noise conditions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27680
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27680DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Injection Laryngoplasty for Children with Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: Procedural Limitations and Swallow Outcomes.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 20:194599818813002. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Objective: Vocal fold immobility with resultant dysphagia is a known cause of morbidity in the pediatric population. Herein we evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of injection laryngoplasty in children.

Study Design: Case series with chart review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818813002DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

The incidence and recovery rate of idiopathic vocal fold paralysis: a population-based study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, 3600 Broadway, 4th floor, Oakland, CA, 94611, USA.

Purpose: To determine the incidence and spontaneous recovery rate of idiopathic vocal fold paralysis (IVFP) and paresis (IVFp), and the impact of steroid treatment on rates of recovery.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all patients with IVFP or IVFp within a large integrated health-care system between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics, including time to diagnosis, spontaneous recovery status, time to recovery, and treatment, were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5207-xDOI Listing
November 2018

Complications of using Gore-Tex in medialization laryngoplasty: case series and literature review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8574, Japan.

Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and contributing factors of complications associated with medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients who underwent medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex at Tohoku University Hospital between January 2014 and April 2018. A search of series and case reports in PubMed was performed to determine the incidence of complications following medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-018-5204-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5204-0DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Aspiration in children with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives/hypothesis: To describe the prevalence of aspiration in children with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who underwent objective assessment of swallow function.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Methods: A study of patients presenting to our institution with unilateral vocal fold paralysis in 2015 was conducted. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27410
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27410DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Vocal Fold Motion Recovery in Patients With Iatrogenic Unilateral Immobility: Cervical Versus Thoracic Injury.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Oct 20:3489418808306. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

1 Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Prognostic information about the return of vocal fold mobility in patients with iatrogenic unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) can help with informed decisions about temporary and permanent treatment options. Although many variables can influence the likelihood of recovery, clinical experience suggests that cervical versus thoracic injury is a determining factor. The purpose of this study was to compare recovery rates from UVFI between cervical and thoracic injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418808306DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Thyroplasty in unilateral vocal fold paresis with coexisting hereditary hemorrhagic telenagiectasia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(41):e12727

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poland.

Rationale: The coincidence of an idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paresis and hereditary hemorrhagic telenagiectasia (HHT) is extremely rare and has not been described in the available literature yet.

Patients Concerns: A 55-year-old female was admitted to hospital due to acute onset of hoarseness, voice fatigue, and effort dyspnea. In the past, the patient was diagnosed with HHT and on admission presented characteristic vascular lesions in the oral cavity. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201810120-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203463PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation: is this the standard of care for pediatric unilateral vocal cord paralysis?

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec;26(6):431-436

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Texas Children's Hospital.

Purpose Of Review: Ansa to recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation, otherwise known as a nonselective laryngeal reinnervation (NSLR), is growing in popularity for the management of pediatric unilateral neuronal vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI). In this chapter, we will review the current treatment options for neuronal VFMI and role that NSLR plays in the treatment algorithm.

Recent Findings: In 2018, Bouhabel and Hartnick published a survey of fellowship trained pediatric otolaryngologists and found an increasing comfort level with NSLR. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00020840-900000000-9924
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000499DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[The efficacy of ansa cervicalis anterior root for unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;53(9):655-660

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

To discuss the long-term efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation using the anterior root of the ansa cervicalis in the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by thyroid surgery. From January 2010 to January 2016, a total of 39 UVFP patients who underwent ansa cervicalis anterior root-to-recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) anastomosis and who had suffered nerve disfunction for 6 to 24 months were enrolled as UVFP group.Another 39 age and gender matched normal subjects served as control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Risk factors for thyroid surgery-related unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

From the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objectives/hypothesis: We aimed to identify the risk factors for iatrogenic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by thyroid surgery, to allow the identification of patients requiring nerve-protection procedures and monitoring technologies.

Study Design: Retrospective case study in a medical center.

Methods: Patients who underwent thyroid surgery from April 2011 to February 2016 and who were diagnosed with UVFP by laryngoscopy and laryngeal electromyography were included. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27336
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27336DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Incidence and Treatment Outcomes of Vocal Fold Movement Impairment After Total Arch Replacement.

Laryngoscope 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Bobby R. Alford Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Background: Vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI) secondary to neuronal injury is a known risk after aortic surgery. Total arch replacement is technically challenging, and the incidence of vocal fold movement impairment secondary to neuronal injury after this surgery is unknown. This study examined the incidence of VFMI after total arch replacement and medialization treatment outcomes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27347
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27347DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Voice Outcome Measures for Adult Patients With Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: A Systematic Review.

Laryngoscope 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Ear Institute, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) typically results in marked changes in voice quality and performance and has a significant impact on quality of life. Treatment approaches generally aim to restore glottal closure for phonation and improve vocal function. There are a wide range of voice outcome measures that are available to measure the treatment effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27434DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Anatomical Course of the Thyroarytenoid Branch of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve.

Laryngoscope 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Bombay Hospital Voice and Swallowing Centre, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India.

Objectives/hypothesis: To determine the position and anatomic variability of the thyroarytenoid (TA) branch of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in an Indian population. This study is specifically targeted to aid in identifying the nerve for reinnervation procedures for unilateral and bilateral vocal fold paralysis, as well as denervation surgeries such as TA myoneurectomy and Selective Laryngeal Adductor Denervation and Reinnervation (SLAD-R) for adductor spasmodic dysphonia.

Methods: We dissected 46 fresh-frozen adult larynges (92 sides) without pathology. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27491
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27491DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads
2.032 Impact Factor

Idiopathic Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis in Older Patients: Characteristics in the Disease Course and Implication of Computed Tomography for Evaluation of Etiology.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Nov 5;127(11):823-828. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

2 Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the characteristics of idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IUVFP) in elderly versus younger patients, including the diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT) scans for identifying the structural causes of IUVFP.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of the patients initially diagnosed with IUVFP in a single referral tertiary hospital. We compared patients' baseline characteristics, initial symptoms, laryngoscopic findings, and prevalence of structural causes on CT scans with respect to age (younger, <65 years vs older, ⩾65 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418797944DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Surgical Impact of the Montgomery Implant System on Arytenoid Cartilage and the Paralyzed Vocal Fold.

J Voice 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Phoniatrics, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Objectives/hypothesis: Medialization thyroplasty (MT) has become a prominent method for treating glottal insufficiency. This study aimed to visualize the biomechanical influence of a medialization implant on arytenoid cartilage, particularly on the length and level of paralyzation in the vocal fold, in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Study Design: Prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.07.019DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads
0.944 Impact Factor

Improved swallow outcomes after injection laryngoplasty in unilateral vocal fold immobility.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Aug;97(8):250-256

Department of Otolaryngology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, 3440 N. Broad St., Kresge West #300, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.

While the impact of injection laryngoplasty on voice outcomes in unilateral vocal fold immobility has been well characterized, there is a relative paucity of literature investigating its influence on swallow function and outcomes. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients presenting to an academic cancer center between January 2014 and January 2016 to evaluate the clinical impact of percutaneous injection laryngoplasty on reduction of aspiration risk, patient perception of swallowing, and recommended safe diet in patients with vocal fold immobility after head and neck and thoracic surgery. A consecutive sample of patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal fold immobility with patient- or clinician-identified abnormal swallow function who underwent bedside or in-office vocal fold injection was included in the study. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Association between Upper Respiratory Infection and Idiopathic Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Oct 20;127(10):667-671. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

1 Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Introduction: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) without an identifiable cause is termed idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IUVFP). Some authors have postulated that select cases of IUVFP have a viral etiology, but the causality has not been established. We set out to review institutional cases of IUVFP and determine if there is a correlation between upper respiratory infection symptoms and presentation of IUVFP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418787542DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Voice outcome measures after flexible endoscopic injection laryngoplasty.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun 4;4(2):130-134. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Lebanon.

Objective: To report voice outcome measures after injection laryngoplasty using the transnasal or transoral flexible endoscopic technique.

Methods: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent flexible endoscopic injection laryngoplasty between June 2010 and August 2016 was carried out. Only those patients who had pre- and post-injection voice outcome measures recorded were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wjorl.2018.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074013PMC

Vocal Fold Paresis: Incidence, and the Relationship between Voice Handicap Index and Laryngeal EMG Findings.

J Voice 2018 Jul 16. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether there is a correlation between Voice Handicap Index 10 (VHI-10) and degree of vocal fold paresis as determined by laryngeal EMG. Secondary objective was to determine the incidence of vocal fold paresis in a tertiary laryngology practice.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of all new voice patients seen by the senior author (RTS) from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.05.008DOI Listing

Numerical analysis and comparison of flow fields in normal larynx and larynx with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2018 Jun 19;21(8):532-540. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

b Department of Otolaryngology, Otolaryngology Research Center , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz , Iran.

In this study, laryngeal flow fields are investigated and compared in normal larynx and models of larynx with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). In paralytic models, three fixed initial glottal gaps are considered to understand the positive or probable negative impacts of surgical operation on unilaterally paralytic larynx, by which the paralyzed vocal fold is brought closer to the mid-plane. Various features of the flow fields have been discussed in detail including glottal gap width, glottal flow rate, glottal exit pressure pattern and glottal jet evolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2018.1499898DOI Listing

Efficacy of trans-nasal fiberendoscopic injection laryngoplasty with centrifuged autologous fat in the treatment of glottic insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2018 Jun;38(3):204-213

ENT Department, M. Bufalini Hospital, Cesena, Italy.

Summary: The objective of this work is to evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of trans-nasal fiberendoscopic injection laryngoplasty (IL) with centrifuged autologous fat, performed under local anaesthesia, in the treatment of glottic insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). It is a within-subject study with follow-up 1 week after phonosurgery and after 6 months. A total of 22 patients with chronic dysphonia caused by glottic insufficiency due to UVFP were enrolled. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036949PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.14639/0392-100X-2012DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis with ansa cervicalis to recurrent nerve anastomosis in a young adolescent: European case report.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Jul 29;132(7):661-664. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Academic Medical Center,Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

Background: Laryngeal re-innervation in paediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis is a relatively new treatment option, of which there has been little reported experience in Europe.

Methods: In this European case report of a 13-year-old boy with dysphonia secondary to left-sided unilateral vocal fold paralysis after cardiac surgery, the patient underwent re-innervation using an ansa cervicalis to recurrent laryngeal nerve transfer, in combination with fat augmentation, after 12 years of nerve denervation. Perceptual analysis data, and acoustic and laryngoscopy recordings were acquired pre-operatively, and at one and two years post-operatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001007DOI Listing
July 2018
29 Reads

Imaging Modalities in the Etiologic Evaluation of Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

J Voice 2018 May 18. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the roles of computed tomography (CT) and neck ultrasonography (US) in evaluating unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) of unknown etiology and to compare our results with those of other studies to assess the differences in etiology of UVFP.

Methods: We investigated the medical records of 202 eligible patients with UVFP. In total, 168 underwent chest CT, 118 underwent neck CT, and 108 underwent head CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.04.017DOI Listing

[The treatment of partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy for bilateral vocal fold paralysis].

Authors:
Y T Wang X Sun W Y Ji

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Feb;32(3):196-198

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, China.

To assess the efficacy of partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy in cases with bilateral vocal fold paralysis. A total number of 11 patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis who undergone partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy was included in this retrospective study. The efficacy of the treatment was evaluated by compare the form of glottis, the scale of dyspnea and the change of voice preoperatively and postoperatively, as well as the occurrence of surgery complications such as dysphonia and dysphagia. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.03.009DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Injection Laryngoplasty Using Autologous Fat Enriched with Adipose-Derived Regenerative Stem Cells: A Safe Therapeutic Option for the Functional Reconstruction of the Glottal Gap after Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

Stem Cells Int 2018 15;2018:8917913. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Cell Therapy Unit, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IISGM), Red de Terapia Celular (TERCEL), Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Paralysis of one vocal fold leads to glottal gap and vocal fold insufficiency that has significant impact upon a patient's quality of life. Fillers have been tested to perform intracordal injections, but they do not provide perdurable results. Early data suggest that enriching fat grafts with adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) promote angiogenesis and modulate the immune response, improving graft survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8917913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5924970PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of short-term functional voice therapy in patients with unilateral paralysis of the larynx.

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Apr;72(2):36-44

1Audiology and Phoniatrics Clinic, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction Laryngeal paralysis deteriorates all laryngeal functions. Therefore the therapeutic process must include restoration of respiratory, defensive and vocal function. Selection of a proper rehabilitation path plays a key role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0011.7250DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

[Analysis of clinical characteristics of paroxysmal laryngospasm].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Mar;32(6):412-419

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing.

Objectives: To analyze the clinical characteristics of paroxysmal laryngospasm in adult.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 149 patients with paroxysmal laryngospasm in adult. All patients underwent the strobolaryngoscopy, completed the reflux symptom index (RSI) or the reflux finding score (RFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.06.004DOI Listing

Comment on "Using Innovative Acoustic Analysis to Predict the Postoperative Outcomes of Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis".

Biomed Res Int 2018 15;2018:6269593. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Audiology Unit at Treviso Hospital, Treviso, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6269593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875039PMC
November 2018

Current trends in practices in the treatment of pediatric unilateral vocal fold immobility: A survey on injections, thyroplasty and nerve reinnervation.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 28;109:115-118. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, 243 Charles St., Boston, MA, 02114, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The objective of this study was to poll pediatric otolaryngologists with a special interest in pediatric laryngology on their experience with injection medialization laryngoplasty (IML), thyroplasty, and reinnervation procedures in order to reflect on changing clinical practices.

Method: A 10-items questionnaire was designed to inquire about current management practices in the treatment of symptomatic UVFI. The 59 members of an ASPO pediatric laryngology working group received the anonymous online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.03.027DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Anatomic factors affecting the use of ultrasound to predict vocal fold motion: A pilot study.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Jul - Aug;39(4):413-417. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.

Purpose: Ultrasonography is a well-established modality for visualization of head and neck anatomy. Using ultrasound to detect vocal fold mobility has been described before, but no study has evaluated factors affecting the exam reliability. The aim of the study is to determine anatomic factors influencing the reliability of ultrasound to detect vocal fold motion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.04.005DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

A novel technique to identify the nerve of origin in head and neck schwannomas.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 May 18;132(5):452-456. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Medicine,USA.

Objective: Identifying the nerve of origin in head and neck schwannomas is a diagnostic challenge. Surgical management leads to a risk of permanent deficit. Accurate identification of the nerve would improve operative planning and patient counselling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118000567DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Very long-term Voice Handicap Index Voice Outcomes after Montgomery Thyroplasty: A cross-sectional study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2018 Apr 6. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery Department, LUMC, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: The aim of this multicentric cross-sectional study was to examine the permanency of Montgomery thyroplasty (MTIS) results from a patient's perspective.

Design: The study consisted of collecting Voice Handicap Index (VHI-30) questionnaires from patients who had previously been operated with MTIS between 2 and 12 years before. Very long-term (>2 years) postoperative data were compared with the previously acquired preoperative and early postoperative VHI results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13113DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Life Experience of Patients With Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 May;144(5):433-439

VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.

Importance: Clinicians and patients benefit when they have a clear understanding of how medical conditions influence patients' life experiences. Patients' perspectives on life with unilateral vocal fold paralysis have not been well described.

Objective: To promote patient-centered care by characterizing the patient experiences of living with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2018.0067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136051PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Voice and Swallowing Outcomes of Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: Comparing Younger Adult and Geriatric Patients.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 May 13;158(5):904-911. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Objective To compare voice and swallowing outcomes after treatment in younger adult (<65 years) and geriatric (≥65 years) patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818756310DOI Listing

Utility of Eating Assessment Tool-10 in Predicting Aspiration in Patients with Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jul 13;159(1):92-96. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objective Examine the incidence of penetration/aspiration in patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility and investigate the relationship with self-reported perception of dysphagia. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic cancer center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818762328DOI Listing

Vocalization Subsystem Responses to a Temporarily Induced Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 Mar;61(3):479-495

University of Kentucky, Lexington.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to quantify the interactions of the 3 vocalization subsystems of respiration, phonation, and resonance before, during, and after a perturbation to the larynx (temporarily induced unilateral vocal fold paralysis) in 10 vocally healthy participants. Using dynamic systems theory as a guide, we hypothesized that data groupings would emerge revealing context-dependent patterns in the relationships of variables representing the 3 vocalization subsystems. We also hypothesized that group data would mask important individual variability important to understanding the relationships among the vocalization subsystems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-17-0227DOI Listing

Perspectives on voice treatment for unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun;26(3):157-161

Australian Catholic University, School of Allied Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Banyo, Queensland, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) is a common cause of neurogenic dysphonia resulting in glottal insufficiency. To restore glottal sufficiency and reduce the presenting dysphonia, treatment involving either surgical intervention, voice therapy or a combination of the two is typically provided. Currently, there is no consensus for the most effective voice treatment for UVFP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000450DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Medialisation thyroplasty with tensor fascia lata: a novel approach for reducing post-thyroplasty complications.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Apr 21;132(4):364-367. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,University of Pennsylvania Health System,Philadelphia,USA.

Background: Medialisation thyroplasty is considered the 'gold standard' treatment for unilateral vocal fold paralysis, enabling improvement of voice and swallowing function, and preventing life-threatening aspiration events. The most commonly used laryngeal implants induce some degree of local tissue inflammatory response, and carry the risk of immediate or delayed implant extrusion.

Methods: This paper describes a novel approach for medialisation thyroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118000300DOI Listing
April 2018
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A devised strategy for tracheal extubation for predicted difficult airway in a child with unilateral vocal cord paralysis: a case report.

JA Clin Rep 2017 3;3(1):21. Epub 2017 May 3.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192 Japan.

Background: Extubation is a more challenging medical practice than intubation, and countermeasures against it are similar to those described in the Difficult Intubation Guidelines, but problems cannot be overcome by completely the same methods. We predicted difficult extubation in a pediatric patient with left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis and devised an extubation method.

Case Presentation: The patient was a 2-year-and-8-month-old boy scheduled for cleft palate repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40981-017-0091-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804601PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

A long-term comparative prospective study between reinnervation and injection laryngoplasty.

Laryngoscope 2018 Aug 16;128(8):1893-1897. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: This study compared and assessed long-term voice outcomes when thyroidectomy-related unilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) was managed using injection laryngoplasty (IL) and recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation (RLNR).

Study Design: Prospective clinical study.

Methods: A prospective clinical trial was performed from March 2005 to January 2016 at Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital (Bucheon, South Korea). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27140
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27140DOI Listing
August 2018
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Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis and Risk of Pneumonia: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 May 6;158(5):896-903. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Objective To investigate pneumonia risk among patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Study Design Retrospective population-based cohort study. Setting This study used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, a nationwide population-based database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818756285DOI Listing
May 2018
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Idiopathic unilateral vocal-fold paralysis in the adult.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2018 Jun 7;135(3):171-174. Epub 2018 May 7.

Service d'otorhinolaryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, hôpital Européen-Georges-Pompidou, université Paris-Descartes-Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, AP-HP, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Goal: To analyze the characteristics of adult idiopathic unilateral vocal-fold paralysis.

Material And Methods: Retrospective study of diagnostic problems, clinical data and recovery in an inception cohort of 100 adult patients with idiopathic unilateral vocal-fold paralysis (Group A) and comparison with a cohort of 211 patients with isolated non-idiopathic non-traumatic unilateral vocal-fold paralysis (Group B).

Results: Diagnostic problems were noted in 24% of cases in Group A: eight patients with concomitant common upper aerodigestive tract infection, five patients with a concomitant condition liable to induce immunodepression and 11 patients in whom a malignant tumor occurred along the path of the ipsilateral vagus and inferior laryngeal nerves or in the ipsilateral paralyzed larynx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2018.01.004DOI Listing

Pre-emptive glottic enlargement before laryngotracheal surgery in patients at high risk for postoperative bilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Jul;54(1):106-112

Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is a severe complication after laryngotracheal (LT) surgery. The reduced glottic opening leads to significant respiratory distress immediately after the operation and requires the placement of a tracheostomy in most cases. Patients with a pre-existing unilateral VFP or expected recurrent nerve resection are at the highest risk for glottic failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezx511DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

International consensus (ICON) on basic voice assessment for unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2018 Feb 3;135(1S):S11-S15. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHU de Marseille, Aix-Marseille University, 147, boulevard Baille, 13005 Marseille, France.

There is a growing need for evaluation tools allowing the quantification of the outcome after voice surgeries. Since the end of the 1990s, multiple unfruitful attempts have been made to reach a consensus, including the Dejonckere protocol for the European Laryngological Society in 2001. This suggested to perform objective and quantifiable measures in the following domains: perception, acoustic, aerodynamic, self-evaluation by the patient and videolaryngostroboscopy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18797296183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2017.12.007DOI Listing
February 2018
2 Reads

Detection of Arytenoid Dislocation Using Pixel-valued Cuneiform Movement.

J Voice 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives: This study aims to assess utility of pixel-valued movement software in detecting arytenoid dislocation preoperatively.

Study Design: This is a retrospective analysis.

Methods: Twenty-seven patients diagnosed with unilateral arytenoid dislocation were included. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08921997173053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.12.009DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Efficacy of Two-dimensional Scanning Digital Kymography in Evaluation of Atrophic Vocal Folds.

J Voice 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

U-medical Co., Ltd, Busan, South Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of two-dimensional scanning digital kymography (2D DKG) in patients with vocal cord atrophy before and after treatment.

Materials And Methods: We analyzed the characteristics of vocal fold vibration in five patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and five patients with presbyphonia. In patients with vocal cord paralysis, the status before and after intracordal injection was compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.12.011DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads