5,383 results match your criteria Vitreous Hemorrhage


Relationship Between Neutralizing Antibodies Against Adeno-Associated Virus in the Vitreous and Serum: Effects on Retinal Gene Therapy.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2019 Apr 9;8(2):14. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Microbiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: We determine the prevalence of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) to adeno-associated virus (AAV) in the vitreous humor and serum of patients with vitreoretinal diseases and investigate the relationship between NAb titers in the vitreous humor and serum.

Methods: We analyzed NAbs to AAV serotypes 2, 5, 8, and 9 via in vitro neutralization in the vitreous humor and serum from 32 patients requiring vitrectomy for vitreoretinal diseases. The blood-retinal barrier (BRB) was evaluated for integrity based on preoperative examinations, with vitreous hemorrhage (VH) on funduscopy or dye leakage on fluorescein angiography observed indicating disruption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/tvst.8.2.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467092PMC

Clinicopathologic Correlation of Aneurysmal Type 1 Neovascularization in Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

Ophthalmol Retina 2019 Feb 5;3(2):99-111. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, New York, New York; LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, New York; Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Purpose: To correlate multimodal retinal imaging with high-resolution epoxy resin histologic analysis aligned to in vivo tomograms in a patient with exudative aneurysmal type 1 (AT1) neovascularization and hemorrhage secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Design: Case study and clinicopathologic correlation.

Participant: An 84-year-old man of European descent with AT1 neovascularization secondary to AMD with a 6-year follow-up with combined antiangiogenic and photodynamic therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2018.08.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Characteristics and Outcomes of Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Patients in a Limited Resource Tertiary Center over an Eight-Year Period.

J Ophthalmol 2019 17;2019:9481902. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

Purpose: To report characteristics and visual results in patients with PDR-associated complications following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in a tertiary center over an eight-year period.

Methods: Medical records of diabetic retinopathy patients receiving PPV between January 2007 and December 2014 for PDR-related complications were reviewed.

Results: A total of 890 consecutive PDR patients were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9481902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441510PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Outcome and Complications of Combined Phacoemulsification and 23-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy.

J Ophthalmol 2019 17;2019:7918237. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Adana, Turkey.

Background: With the advances in surgical tools, simultaneous removal of cataract associated with vitreoretinal disorders is gaining popularity. This combined surgery offers several advantages besides limitations. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome and complications of phacoemulsification combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7918237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441543PMC

Examiner Position in Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasound: A Proposed Technique.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Ocular point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a fast and safe non-invasive procedure used to evaluate the structural integrity and pathology of the eye. Ocular POCUS can be used for evaluation of posterior chamber and orbital pathology, including retinal detachment, vitreous detachment or hemorrhage, foreign body, lens dislocation, and increased intracranial pressure.

Discussion: The purpose of this brief communication is to describe a technique for conducting an ocular POCUS that may in some cases be easier and more comfortable by adjusting the position of the sonographer relative to the patient. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679193023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.027DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomography Demonstrating Macular Hole Associated With Ruptured Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2019 Apr;50(4):e125-e127

A 67-year-old female presented with vitreous hemorrhage and sub-internal limited membrane (ILM) hemorrhage in her right eye associated with ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysm. During pars plana vitrectomy, intraoperative optical coherence tomography aided in the diagnosis of a small macular hole previously obscured by the sub-ILM hemorrhage. Nonexpansile gas was placed followed by postoperative prone positioning, and the hole closed successfully. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20190401-17DOI Listing

[Complications in sutured scleral fixation of artificial lens implantation].

Ophthalmologe 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Göttingen, Deutschland.

Background: Sutured scleral fixation of an artificial posterior chamber lens is a frequently used method for the treatment of eyes with poor or absent capsular support; however, the complication profile is often considered unfavorable.

Objective: To analyze the postoperative complication profile.

Methods: In this monocentric and retrospective analysis of a consecutive case series of patients with standardized sutured scleral fixation of a posterior chamber lens between 2007 and 2017, the documented complications were categorized as a permanent threat to visual acuity, such as endophthalmitis, choroidal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and clinically relevant but without a permanent threat to visual acuity, such as hemorrhage and hypotension. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00347-019-0896-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-019-0896-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Osteo-odonto-, Tibial bone and Boston keratoprosthesis in clinically comparable cases of chemical injury and autoimmune disease.

Ocul Surf 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: To compare anatomical and functional results between three types of keratoprosthesis (KPro) in chemical injury and autoimmune disease.

Methods: 70 clinically comparable cases were included as follows: Boston KPro Type 1 25 eyes, osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) 23 eyes, Tibial bone KPro 22 eyes. Survival times for anatomical and functional success were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier estimations and Log-rank tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtos.2019.04.006DOI Listing

[Treatment of retinopathy of incontinentia pigmenti by anti-vascular endothelial growth factor].

Authors:
X Wang J H Liang

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;55(4):294-301

Beijing Key Laboratory of Vision Loss and Restoration, Ministry of Education, Department of Ophthalmology, People's Hospital, Peking University, Beijing 100044, China.

To investigate the treatment of retinopathy of incontinentia pigmenti by anti-vascular endothelial growth factor. Retrospective study of 5 patients(8 eyes) diagnosed retinopathy of incontinentia pigmenti from 2005 to 2017, including 0 males and 5 females (8 eyes involved) with an average age of 2.4 months(range, 1-5 months). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2019.04.012DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

[The ocular manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus and syphilis coinfection].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;55(4):267-272

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the ocular manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis coinfection. A retrospective analysis of the ocular manifestations was carried out in 27 patients (54 eyes) diagnosed as syphilis and HIV coinfection by the Department of Infectious Medicine in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during the years of 2006-2017. The research included 26 males and 1 female, aging from 24 to 76 years old, with a mean age of 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment, Vitreous Hemorrhage, and Vitreous Detachment in the Emergency Department.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192162. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Irvine.

Importance: Ocular symptoms represent approximately 2% to 3% of all emergency department (ED) visits. These disease processes may progress to permanent vision loss if not diagnosed and treated quickly. Use of ocular point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) may be effective for early and accurate detection of ocular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2162DOI Listing

Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy.

Curr Ophthalmol Rep 2019 Mar 2;7(1):66-72. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Marina del Rey, CA.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this review is to summarize developments in the treatment of active polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). PCV is associated with a poor visual prognosis as a consequence the condition's hallmark polypoidal dilatation and a branching network resulting in recurrent hemorrhages and serous leakage.

Recent Findings: Recent research has provided new insights into the pathogenesis of PCV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40135-019-00201-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453130PMC

Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm With Overlying Hemorrhage.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 11;137(4):e190247. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0247DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Intravitreal neurodegenerative and inflammatory mediators in proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Purpose: To compare the intravitreal concentrations of cellular mediators involved in neurodegeneration, inflammation, and angiogenesis in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other vitreoretinal diseases.

Methods: A multiplex bead immunoassay was used to measure vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor, serum amyloid P, C-reactive protein, complement C4, alpha-1 antitrypsin, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-AA, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, interleukin-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha and beta in patients undergoing 23-gauge vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other diagnoses (control group).

Results: We evaluated 55 patients, of whom 24 had proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 31 had other diagnoses including vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, macular hole, and epiretinal membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20190055DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Port Delivery System with Ranibizumab for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Results from the Randomized Phase 2 Ladder Clinical Trial.

Ophthalmology 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Port Delivery System with ranibizumab (PDS) for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treatment.

Design: Phase 2, multicenter, randomized, active treatment-controlled clinical trial.

Participants: Patients diagnosed with nAMD within 9 months who had received ≥ 2 prior anti-vascular endothelial growth factor intravitreal injections and were responsive to treatment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01616420183332
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.03.036DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Traumatic Maculopathy with Massive Subretinal Hemorrhage after Closed-Globe Injuries: Associated Findings, Management, and Visual Outcomes.

Ophthalmol Retina 2019 Jan 25;3(1):53-60. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Purpose: To investigate the visual outcomes of patients with traumatic maculopathy and massive subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) after closed-globe injury.

Design: Retrospective, noncomparative, and interventional case series.

Participants: Twenty-four patients with traumatic maculopathy and massive SRH after closed-globe injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2018.08.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Mycoplasma Ocular Infection in Subretinal Graft Transplantation of iPS Cells-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Apr;60(5):1298-1308

Laboratory for Retinal Regeneration, Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, RIKEN, Kobe, Japan.

Purpose: To report occurrence of acute severe inflammation after surgical implantation of mycoplasma-infected induced pluripotent stem cell-derived RPE (iPS-RPE) cells into the eyes of healthy primates, and determine the immunopathological mechanisms of the inflammation.

Methods: Ophthalmic allogeneic transplantation of iPS-RPE cells was performed in the subretina of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched (two eyes) and MHC-mismatched (one eye) healthy cynomolgus monkeys. The clinical course after transplantation was observed using color fundus photography, fluorescence angiography, and optical coherence tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-26222DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

MULTILAYERED OPTIC DISK HEMORRHAGE IN ADULTS WITHOUT A POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Retina Service, New England Eye Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: To describe 2 cases of multilevel optic disk hemorrhages in adults without a posterior vitreous detachment.

Methods: The findings on clinical examination, color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography at presentation and follow-up are presented.

Results: Two patients ages 61 and 49 years presented with unilateral floaters secondary to microscopic vitreous hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000000864DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pneumatic Retinopexy Experience and Outcomes of Vitreoretinal Fellows in the United States: A Multicenter Study.

Ophthalmol Retina 2019 Feb 20;3(2):140-145. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Science, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA.

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing pneumatic retinopexy (PR) performed by vitreoretinal fellows at 6 academic centers in the United States.

Design: Retrospective, multicenter, consecutive case series.

Participants: 483 patients with primary retinal detachments who underwent PR by 49 vitreoretinal fellows from 6 U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2018.09.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435286PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Comprehensive analysis of vitreous humor chemokines in type 2 diabetic patients with and without diabetic retinopathy.

Acta Diabetol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 106, Zhongshan Er Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Aims: To compare the vitreous levels of chemokines in diabetic patients with and without retinopathy. To find the relationship between stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and levels of vitreous chemokines.

Methods: The study involved 20 non-diabetic and 20 diabetic patients without clinical signs of DR (NDR) and 40 diabetic patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00592-019-01317-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Diagnosis of Traumatic Eye Injuries With Point-of-Care Ocular Ultrasonography in the Emergency Department.

Ann Emerg Med 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Study Objective: Traumatic eye injuries are common emergency department presentations worldwide, and diagnosis may be delayed because of concurrent injuries and lack of guidelines in regard to the utility of clinical examination, computed tomography (CT), and point-of-care ultrasonography. In this study, we compare point-of-care ultrasonography with ophthalmologist clinical examination and CT for 6 types of traumatic eye injury.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study evaluating patients with suspected traumatic eye injury who were recruited at an academic medical center in Tabriz, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.02.001DOI Listing

A case of retinal cavernous hemangioma analyzed with optical coherence tomography angiography.

Authors:
Ekta Singh Alok Sen

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr;67(4):561-563

Vitreo-Retina and Uvea Services, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalaya, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Retinal cavernous hemangiomas is a rare vascular tumor, isolated and non-progressive. This tumor is incidentally diagnosed on fundus examination and visual impairment can be rare presentation from vitreous hemorrhage, pre-retinal traction, hyphema, or macular scarring. The tumor has typical appearance of grape-like clusters of dilated vascular sacs with variable surface gliosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1478_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446647PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Vitreous concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor as a potential biomarker for postoperative complications following pars plana vitrectomy.

Arch Med Sci 2019 Mar 2;15(2):449-456. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

School of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentration in vitreous on postoperative complications after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).

Material And Methods: Ninety subjects were surgically treated with PPV and followed up for 12 months at the Clinical Centre University Sarajevo, Clinic for Eye Disease. Exclusion criteria were presence of other eye diseases, systemic acute/chronic inflammatory conditions, or malignant neoplasms; previously performed PPV surgery; previously received intravitreal or systemic anti-VEGF therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2018.73208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425199PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Sickle cell retinopathy. A focused review.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Vitreoretinal Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Al-Oruba Street, 7191, Riyadh, 11462, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To provide a focused review of sickle cell retinopathy in the light of recent advances in the pathogenesis, multimodal retinal imaging, management of the condition, and migration trends, which may lead to increased prevalence of the condition in the Western world.

Methods: Non-systematic focused literature review.

Results: Sickle retinopathy results from aggregation of abnormal hemoglobin in the red blood cells in the retinal microcirculation, leading to reduced deformability of the red blood cells, stagnant blood flow in the retinal precapillary arterioles, thrombosis, and ischemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-019-04294-2DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Intraocular Foreign Bodies: Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors Influencing Visual Outcome and Globe Survival in 373 Eyes.

J Ophthalmol 2019 13;2019:5208092. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Eye Center, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, 218 Ziqiang Street, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.

Aim: To describe epidemiologic and clinical characteristics and prognostic factors influencing visual outcome after intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs) injury.

Methods: Medical records of 370 patients (373 eyes) with IOFBs were reviewed to identify the factors influencing visual acuity by univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: The majority of patients (97. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5208092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393895PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Ocular Syphilis Unmasked Following Bilateral Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex) Injection.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2019 Mar;50(3):e77-e80

Intraocular corticosteroids are used in ophthalmologic conditions such as macular edema secondary to vascular occlusions, diabetes, and uveitis. Infectious ocular diseases must be ruled out before intravitreal corticosteroid implantation. Here, the authors report a case that has been referred to their clinic for surgical treatment due to dense vitreous hemorrhage in the right eye after bilateral intravitreal dexamethasone implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20190301-16DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

POSTERIORLY INSERTED VITREOUS BASE: Preoperative Characteristics, Intraoperative Findings, and Outcomes After Vitrectomy.

Retina 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: To determine the preoperative characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and outcomes of eyes with posteriorly inserted vitreous base.

Methods: In this retrospective, observational, consecutive case series at 2 academic centers, 37 patients were studied who had posteriorly inserted vitreous base noted during vitrectomy. Posteriorly inserted vitreous base was defined as the insertion of the posterior hyaloid membrane being located posterior to the vortex veins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000002482DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Anti-VEGF Therapy for Diabetic Retinopathy: Consequences of Inadvertent Treatment Interruptions.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

University of Michigan, Kellogg Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences.

Purpose: To illustrate that patients with diabetic retinopathy who are treated exclusively with anti-VEGF therapy and have an interruption in treatment may experience marked progression of disease with potentially devastating visual consequences.

Design: Retrospective, multicenter, case series METHODS: Retrospective review of patients treated exclusively with anti-VEGF therapy for proliferative (PDR) or non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), with or without diabetic macular edema (DME), and temporarily lost to follow-up. Baseline disease characteristics, cause and duration of the treatment interruption, and resulting disease progression, complications, and outcomes were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors versus Other Antidiabetic Drugs Added to Metformin Monotherapy in Diabetic Retinopathy Progression: A Real World-Based Cohort Study.

Diabetes Metab J 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Background: To investigate the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4i) as add-on medications to metformin on progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, compared with sulfonylurea (SU) or thiazolidinedione (TZD).

Methods: We identified 4,447 patients with DPP4i, 6,136 with SU, and 617 with TZD in addition to metformin therapy from the database of Korean National Health Insurance Service between January 2013 and December 2015. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for DR progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0137DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms and neuroretinitis (IRVAN): case series of three patients with multimodal imaging.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 May 15;257(5):1013-1018. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the clinical presentation, disease progression, treatment and complications of IRVAN.

Method: Case series PATIENTS: Six eyes from three patients were included.

Results: All eyes were treated with pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00417-019-04291-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-019-04291-5DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Safety and efficacy of intravitreal conbercept injection after vitrectomy for the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Eye (Lond) 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital & Tianjin Medical University Eye Institute, Tianjin, China.

Background/objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal conbercept (a recombinant fusion protein that primarily targets vascular endothelial growth factors) after vitrectomy for the management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy without tractional retinal detachment (TRD).

Subjects/methods: Fifty patients with non-clearing vitreous haemorrhage (VH) due to proliferative diabetic retinopathy without TRD were enroled. They were randomly divided into control and treatment groups (25 eyes to each group) after they provided informed consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0396-0DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.897 Impact Factor

Traumatic chorioretinitis sclopetaria: Risk factors, management, and prognosis.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Jun 16;14:39-46. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Byers Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Purpose: To describe new cases of sclopetaria and evaluate the risk factors, management, and visual prognosis of all reported cases in the literature.

Observations: We performed a retrospective, observational case series. This study included six cases (median age 23, interquartile range 33) of sclopetaria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2019.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6384308PMC
June 2019
11 Reads

Preoperative intravitreal bevacizumab for proliferative diabetic retinopathy patients undergoing vitrectomy - First update.

Medwave 2019 Jan 25;19(1):e7512. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Oftalmología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Email: Address: Centro Evidencia UC, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Diagonal Paraguay 476, Santiago, Chile.

Update: This Living FRISBEE (Living FRIendly Summary of the Body of Evidence using Epistemonikos) is an update of the summary published in December 2014.

Introduction: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy can cause severe vision loss and even blindness if left untreated. Vitrectomy is often required in the treatment of more severe cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2019.01.7511DOI Listing
January 2019

[Laser membranotomy of acute subhyaloidal hemorrhage after indirect ocular trauma].

Ophthalmologe 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120, Halle (Saale), Deutschland.

Introduction: Subhyaloidal premacular hemorrhage (SPH) causes a painless acute loss of vision with central scotoma. Typically, it can be caused by vascular retinal diseases or in the context of a Valsalva retinopathy. Ocular trauma is a less common cause of SPH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-019-0872-8DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Ocular toxicity of intravitreal melphalan for retinoblastoma in Chinese patients.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 26;19(1):61. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Visual Impairmentand Restoration of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China.

Background: To evaluate the efficacy, complications, and clinical characteristics, including the ocular toxicity, of intravitreal melphalan(IVM) treatment for vitreous seeding in Chinese retinoblastoma patients.

Methods: This was a retrospective, non-comparative analysis including 30 consecutive eyes of 23 patients with viable persistent or recurrent vitreous seeding following retinoblastoma treatment. All of the eyes received IVM injections (20-33 μg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1059-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390546PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Intravitreal injection of low-dose gentamicin for the treatment of ERU-affected horses].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Feb 26;47(1):25-34. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Klinik für Pferde, Veterinärmedizinische Fakultät der Universität Leipzig.

Objective: Aim of the study was the retrospective evaluation regarding vision and recurrence in equine recurrent uveitis (ERU)-affected horses treated by intravitreal low-dose gentamicin injection in Tierklinik Alt Sammit during the years 2006-2013.

Material And Methods: The study included 50 equine patients (61 ERU-affected eyes) of different age and breed with different stages of ERU. The solution for the injection contained 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0816-7156DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Klebsiella Pneumoniae Endogenous Endophthalmitis Mimicking a Choroidal Neovascular Membrane with Subretinal Hemorrhage.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2019 Feb 26:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Advanced Eye Centre , Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Chandigarh , India.

Background: Klebsiella endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is commonly seen in patients with hepato-biliary disease and urinary tract infections. Subretinal abscess with vitreous cells is the usual presentation and requires intensive treatment with systemic and intravitreal antibiotics along with prompt vitrectomy. Subretinal hemorrhage surrounding a choroidal mass has not been reported as the presenting feature of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2019.1569695DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitreous hemorrhage as the presenting feature of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy in Indian eyes.

Authors:
Neha Goel

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 Mar;67(3):419-423

Department of Vitreoretina, ICARE Eye Hospital and Postgraduate Institute, Noida, U.P, India.

Five Indian patients presenting with unilateral vitreous hemorrhage (VH) underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and were found to have lesions suggestive of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy (PEHCR). All eyes had extensive sub-retinal hemorrhage; three also showed an elevated mass lesion. The temporal retina anterior to the equator was the most commonly affected site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_714_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407398PMC

A New Suggested Strategy for Safe Injection of Ozurdex.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2019 02;50(2):e23-e25

Background And Objectives: Ozurdex intravitreal injection is performed via a patented injection device. However, there is a common misconception among ophthalmologists regarding the relation between the speed of applicator button depression and the speed of pellet injection.

Patients And Methods: Six dexamethasone intravitreal implants were injected into a calibrated ex vivo water bath. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20190129-14DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Vitreous Hemorrhage in the Setting of a Vascular Loop.

Fed Pract 2018 Jun;35(6):38-39

is a Staff Optometrist at the Manchester VA Medical Center in New Hampshire. is Chief of Optometry, and is Chief of Ophthalmology, both at the Providence VA Medical Center in Rhode Island. Dr. Huang and Dr. Mega are adjunct faculty at New England College of Optometry in Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Greenberg is Professor of Surgery (Ophthalmology) at Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence.

Although uncommon, vascular loops should be kept in the differential diagnosis of vitreous hemorrhage, and patients should seek care if experiencing new floaters or visual loss. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368020PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of Scleral Buckling with a Wide-Field Surgical Microscope and Chandelier Illumination in Retinal Detachment Repair.

Ophthalmologica 2019 Feb 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea,

Purpose: To assess treatment efficacy of scleral buckling surgery with wide-field surgical microscope and 27-gauge (G) chandelier illumination for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of 29 eyes in 29 patients with RRD who underwent scleral buckling surgery with a wide-field surgical microscope and 27-G chandelier illumination fiber inserted into the sclera at the pars plana. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496165DOI Listing
February 2019

Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetic Retinopathy Requiring Panretinal Photocoagulation.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):46-53

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the risk factors of diabetic nephropathy in patients with diabetic retinopathy requiring panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) and the visual prognosis.

Methods: A retrospective review of electronic medical records was conducted at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, comprising 103 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy who underwent PRP from 1996 to 2005. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372382PMC
February 2019
14 Reads

Observation of changes after peripheral retinal injury by cosmetic laser, using wide-field scanning laser ophthalmoscope: A case report.

Authors:
Rae Young Kim Ho Ra

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14354

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Rationale: Increases in cosmetic laser use have led to recent reports of accidental retinal injuries, most of which are limited to the posterior pole. We report a case of peripheral retinal injury caused by a 1064-nm Nd:YAG: neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet.

Patient Concerns: A 27-year-old Asian woman was admitted with scotoma symptoms in her right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380843PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Comparative Study on the Efficacy and Safety of Tumor Resection in Vitrectomy for Retinal Vasoproliferative Tumors.

J Ophthalmol 2019 2;2019:7464123. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, China.

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of combined vitrectomy with tumor resection in the treatment of retinal vasoproliferative tumors (RVPT).

Methods: Retrospective study. RVPT patients who underwent vitreous surgery at the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2011 to July 2017 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7464123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334322PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma: 8-Year Experience from a Tertiary Referral Institute in Thailand.

Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose: To study the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) as a treatment for intraocular retinoblastoma in Thailand.

Design: Retrospective, interventional case series.

Methods: In this study, IAC was performed as primary or secondary treatment for patients with intraocular retinoblastoma using melphalan with or without additional topotecan or carboplatin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22608/APO.2018294DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Autologous Retinal Transplant for Refractory Macular Holes: Multicenter International Collaborative Study Group.

Ophthalmology 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Associated Retinal Consultants, Royal Oak, Michigan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report the structural and functional outcomes of autologous neurosensory retinal transplant for closure of refractory large macular holes (MHs).

Design: Multicenter, retrospective, consecutive case series.

Participants: A total of 41 eyes of 41 patients with a full-thickness MH refractory to prior vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel and tamponade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.01.027DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Ziv-aflibercept versus bevacizumab administration prior to diabetic vitrectomy: a randomised and controlled trial.

Br J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Instituto de la Visión-Hospital La Carlota, Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México

Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of intravitreal ziv-aflibercept (IVZ) to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) administered preoperatively to patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for severe manifestations of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).

Design: Randomised clinical trial (RCT).

Methods: Two hundred and six patients with PDR-related complications requiring PPV were randomised into one of two treatment groups: Group A received IVZ (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313313DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Computed Tomography Diagnostic Abilities for Open-Globe Injuries in Pediatric Versus Adult Patients.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

From the Departments of Ophthalmology, and.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the role of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of open-globe trauma and intraocular foreign body (IOFB) in pediatric and adult age groups.

Methods: Medical records of cases with open-globe trauma at Inonu University Hospital's Ophthalmology Emergency Service were retrospectively evaluated. Preoperative orbital CT images of the cases obtained at emergency services and their clinical and/or surgical findings were compared in pediatric and adult groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001747DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Sutureless Intrascleral Haptic-Hook Lens Implantation Using 25-Gauge Trocars.

J Ophthalmol 2018 27;2018:9250425. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, 270 Xueyuan Road, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province 325027, China.

Purpose: To report a new technique for sutureless intrascleral fixation of three-piece foldable intraocular lenses (IOLs) using 25-gauge trocars.

Methods: We performed this technique on patients with insufficient posterior capsule support. Seventeen eyes from 15 patients with aphakia, dislocated IOL, or subluxated crystalline lens undergoing posterior chamber sutureless implantation of an IOL were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9250425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327285PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with a giant tear located in the intermediate periphery: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14271

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki-City, Osaka, Japan.

Rationale: We experienced 2 cases of retinal detachment (RD) with giant tears located in the intermediate periphery of the fundus. In this case report, we investigated the clinical characteristics in these 2 cases.

Patient Concerns And Diagnoses: Case 1 involved a 63-year-old male, who became aware of metamorphopsia and decreased visual acuity (VA) in his left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014271DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358349PMC
January 2019
2 Reads