1,889 results match your criteria Vitamin D Deficiency and Related Disorders

Cross-sectional observational study - Investigation of vitamin D concentration in Caucasian cancer patients. what is the adequate dose of vitamin D for these patients?

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 22;40(6):3852-3858. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Roentgen Str.5, 02781, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Vitamin D impairs tumour-related transformation and supports the anticancer function of the immune system. Currently, there are no guidelines on vitamin D supplementation devoted solely to cancer patients. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in Caucasian cancer patients and to characterize the clinical factors that predispose individuals to decreased vitamin D concentration. Read More

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Vitamin D and COVID-19 severity and related mortality: a prospective study in Italy.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 14;21(1):566. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases & Lab of Endocrine and Metabolic Research, IRCCS, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Via Magnasco 2, 20149, Milan, Italy.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency has been suggested to favor a poorer outcome of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). We aimed to assess if 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (25OHD) levels are associated with interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and with disease severity and mortality in COVID-19.

Methods: We prospectively studied 103 in-patients admitted to a Northern-Italian hospital (age 66. Read More

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[Research advances in the interaction of periodontitis and psoriasis].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;56(6):591-597

Department of Periodontology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University & Shandong Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration & Shandong Engineering Laboratory for Dental Materials and Oral Tissue Regeneration, Jinan 250012, China.

Periodontitis is a common chronic infectious oral disease, which is characterized by gingival inflammation,pocket formation, alveolar bone loss and tooth mobility. Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, whose pathological features in skin lesions are excessive proliferation of epidermal cells, parakeratosis of the derma, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells. Both periodontitis and psoriasis are closely related to the interleukin(IL)-23/helper T cell 17(Th17)/IL-17 axis in their immunopathological mechanisms. Read More

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Anorexia nervosa: COVID-19 pandemic period (Review).

Exp Ther Med 2021 Aug 26;22(2):804. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Endocrinology, Clinical County Hospital, 400000 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by restrictive eating and an intense fear of gaining weight. It is a disease with an increasing incidence during the last few decades, and represents a complex psychiatric condition which includes secondary amenorrhea, nutritional and metabolic damage, and impaired endocrine panel up to bone loss as well as cardiac, gastrointestinal and hematological complications. This is a narrative review which includes an update on this eating disorder from the perspective of an endocrine panel of anomalies, especially of the skeleton, considering the pressure of the recent global COVID-19 pandemic changes. Read More

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The relationship between 25(OH) vitamin D levels and COVID-19 onset and disease course in Spanish patients.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Jun 3:105928. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolic Bone Diseases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Fundación Jiménez Díaz (IIS-FJD, UAM), Spain.

Objective: Currently, there are no definitive data on the relationship between low levels of vitamin D in the blood and a more severe disease course, in terms of the need for hospital admission, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and mortality, in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We aimed to study the association between levels of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and adverse clinical outcomes linked to SARS-CoV-2 infection. We further aimed to observe the incidence of low, below-average, and normal levels of 25(OH)D in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 between March 12, 2020, and May 20, 2020, and assess whether these values differed between these patients and a normal population. Read More

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Immunomodulatory Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation in a Deficient Population.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 10;22(9). Epub 2021 May 10.

Research Department, Sidra Medicine, Doha 26999, Qatar.

In addition to its canonical functions, vitamin D has been proposed to be an important mediator of the immune system. Despite ample sunshine, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent (>80%) in the Middle East, resulting in a high rate of supplementation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of the specific regimen prescribed and the potential factors affecting an individual's response to vitamin D supplementation are not well characterized. Read More

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Vitamin D Deficiency in Testicular Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 13;22(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Romagnolo per lo Studio dei Tumori (IRST) "Dino Amadori", Via P. Maroncelli 40, 47014 Meldola, Italy.

Testicular cancer (TC) is the most frequent tumor in young males. In the vast majority of cases, it is a curable disease; therefore, very often patients experience a long survival, also due to their young age at diagnosis. In the last decades, the role of the vitamin D deficiency related to orchiectomy has become an increasingly debated topic. Read More

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Study on the Improvement of Behavioral and Cognitive Dysfunction of Children with OSAHS by Vitamin D.

Biomed Res Int 2021 7;2021:5536689. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, People's Hospital of Rizhao, Jining Medical University, Shandong 276800, China.

Objective: This study is aimed at exploring the role of vitamin D in the treatment of children with OSAHS by comparing the clinical symptoms, serum indicators, and behavioral changes of vitamin D intervention.

Method: Healthy children who were examined physically in Rizhao People's Hospital were selected as the control group, and their sex, age, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, serum 25-OHD levels, and Conners' parental scale were measured. In addition, children diagnosed as OSAHS in the otolaryngology department of Rizhao People's Hospital were selected as experimental subjects. Read More

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Vitamin D Deficiency and Molecular Changes in Circulating MicroRNAs in Older Adults with Lower Back Pain.

Pain Res Manag 2021 17;2021:6662651. Epub 2021 May 17.

Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: MicroRNAs play an essential role in regulating pain processing within a wide range of clinical pain disorders.

Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the role of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers of lower back pain in older adults. In addition, the correlation between miRNAs and other related cofounders such as muscle function, adiposity, malnutrition, and Ca and vitamin D intake was assessed. Read More

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[Vitamin D status and calcium-phosphoric metabolism in children with excessive body weight and obesity].

Vopr Pitan 2021;90(2):83-90. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Ryazan State Medical University, 390026, Ryazan, Russian Federation.

Obesity is a multifactorial disease, the prevalence of which has increased over the past few decades worldwide in all age groups. There is evidence of the pathogenetic role of vitamin D (VD) in the formation of obesity. However, there are few studies concerning the characteristics of calcium-phosphorus metabolism in obese children. Read More

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Systematic Review: Are the Elderly With Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Prone to Fragility Fractures?

Cureus 2021 Apr 16;13(4):e14514. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Public Health, University of Patras, Patras, GRC.

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) is an emerging public health issue with high prevalence rates among older adults while fragility fractures constitute a significant public health burden with a great impact. Osteoporosis is the most important metabolic bone disease in patients with diabetes mellitus. Based on current evidence, individuals with T2DM are more vulnerable to fragility fractures than their non-diabetic counterparts, although until now, there aren't any systematic reviews or meta-analyses concerning the impact of T2DM on the risk of fragility fractures in elderly patients. Read More

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Vitamin D, rickets and child abuse: controversies and evidence.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 17;51(6):1014-1022. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Suboptimal vitamin D status is a global health issue that affects children and adults worldwide. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency has been well documented in the pediatric population in the United States. Although vitamin D deficiency is common, radiographic findings are uncommon and can be subtle. Read More

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Vitamin D status of children with Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally associated with Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (PIMS-TS).

Br J Nutr 2021 May 12:1-26. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of General Paediatrics, Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has caused mild illness in children, until the emergence of the novel hyperinflammatory condition PIMS-TS: Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally associated with Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). PIMS-TS is thought to be a post- SARS-CoV-2 immune dysregulation with excessive inflammatory cytokine release. We studied 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations in children with PIMS-TS, admitted to a tertiary paediatric hospital in the United Kingdom (U. Read More

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Implications of Vitamin D Research in Chickens can Advance Human Nutrition and Perspectives for the Future.

Curr Dev Nutr 2021 May 25;5(5):nzab018. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Prestage Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

The risk of vitamin D insufficiency in humans is a global problem that requires improving ways to increase vitamin D intake. Supplements are a primary means for increasing vitamin D intake, but without a clear consensus on what constitutes vitamin D sufficiency, there is toxicity risk with taking supplements. Chickens have been used in many vitamin-D-related research studies, especially studies involving vitamin D supplementation. Read More

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Comparison of Profiles of First Nations and Non-First Nations Children With Bronchiectasis Over Two 5-Year Periods in the Northern Territory, Australia.

Chest 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT; Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Although the burden of bronchiectasis is recognized globally, pediatric data are limited, particularly on trends over the years. Also, no published data exists regarding whether vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency and human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection, both found to be related to severe bronchiectasis in First Nations adults, also are important in children with bronchiectasis.

Research Question: Among children with bronchiectasis, (1) have the clinical and BAL profiles changed between two 5-year periods (period 1, 2007-2011; period 2, 2012-2016) and (b) are vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, HTLV-1 infection, or both associated with radiologic severity of bronchiectasis?

Study Design And Methods: We analyzed the data from children with bronchiectasis prospectively enrolled at Royal Darwin Hospital, Australia, at the first diagnosis; that is, no child was included in both periods. Read More

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Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Vitamin D Level and Bone Mineral Density in Patients With Cirrhosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Am J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Gastroenterology and Human Nutrition Unit, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India; Department of Cardiac Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: In patients with cirrhosis, highly prevalent vitamin D deficiency and low bone mineral density (BMD) increase the burden of disease, and role of vitamin D supplementation is not clear. So, our aim was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D level and BMD in patients with cirrhosis.

Methods: Patients with cirrhosis (18-60 years) of any etiology were enrolled. Read More

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Vitamin D Effects on Bone Homeostasis and Cardiovascular System in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Renal Transplant Recipients.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 25;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplantation Unit, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Poor vitamin D status is common in patients with impaired renal function and represents one main component of the complex scenario of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Therapeutic and dietary efforts to limit the consequences of uremia-associated vitamin D deficiency are a current hot topic for researchers and clinicians in the nephrology area. Evidence indicates that the low levels of vitamin D in patients with CKD stage above 4 (GFR < 15 mL/min) have a multifactorial origin, mainly related to uremic malnutrition, namely impaired gastrointestinal absorption, dietary restrictions (low-protein and low-phosphate diets), and proteinuria. Read More

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Characterizing Micronutrient Status and Risk Factors among Late Adolescent and Young Women in Rural Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Assessment of the MaPPS Trial.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 9;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.

Nutritional deficiencies are a leading underlying risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease. In Pakistan, late adolescence is considered a nutritionally vulnerable period, as micronutrient requirements are increased to support maturation, and dietary staples are nutrient poor. However, there has been limited evaluation of micronutrient status beyond anemia and its determinants. Read More

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Vitamin D and VDR Gene Polymorphisms' Association with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Lithuanian Population.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 3;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Clinic of Rheumatology, Traumatology Orthopaedics and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, M. K. Čiurlionio str. 21, 03101Vilnius, Lithuania.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune, multi-factorial disease, in which environmental and genetic factors play a major role. RA is possibly linked to vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D receptor () gene polymorphisms, and research demonstrates that variant susceptibility is associated with increased disease risk among Caucasians. The aim of this study was to evaluate vitamin D deficiency prevalence and its correlation to RA clinical parameters, and to determine the possible association of gene polymorphisms and RA susceptibility in the Lithuanian population. Read More

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Delta-Procalcitonin and Vitamin D Can Predict Mortality of Internal Medicine Patients with Microbiological Identified Sepsis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 1;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Sciences, IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, 71013 San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

: The management of septic patients hospitalized in Internal Medicine wards represents a challenge due to their complexity and heterogeneity, and a high mortality rate. Among the available prognostic tools, procalcitonin (PCT) is considered a marker of bacterial infection. Furthermore, an association between vitamin D deficiency and poor sepsis-related outcomes has been described. Read More

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Debunking Fringe Beliefs in Child Abuse Imaging: Expert Panel Narrative Review.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Section of Pediatric Radiology, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, Department of Radiology, Michigan Medicine, 1540 E. Hospital Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-4252.

Child abuse is a global public health concern. Injuries from physical abuse may be clinically occult and not appreciable on physical examination. Imaging is therefore critical in identifying and documenting such injuries. Read More

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Vitamin D Supplementation for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analyses of Trials Investigating the Response to Supplementation and an Overview of Guidelines.

Calcif Tissue Int 2021 Apr 25. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

A large proportion of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are vitamin D deficient (plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) < 25 or 30 nmol/L per UK and US population guidelines) and this contributes to the development of CKD-mineral bone disease (CKD-MBD). Gaps in the evidence-base for the management of vitamin D status in relation to CKD-MBD are hindering the formulation of comprehensive guidelines. We conducted a systemic review of 22 RCTs with different forms of vitamin D or analogues with CKD-MBD related outcomes and meta-analyses for parathyroid hormone (PTH). Read More

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A Japanese infant presenting with hypocalcemic seizures resulting from hypovitaminosis D induced by non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

Clin Pediatr Endocrinol 2021 3;30(2):105-110. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Oita, Japan.

Vitamin D deficiency is a major cause of hypocalcemic seizures in infants. Chronic enteropathy can cause both malnutrition and vitamin deficiency disorders, such as celiac disease, in Western Caucasians. However, gluten-related disorders are considered uncommon in most Asian countries, and there have been no reports of any infant being diagnosed with a gluten-related disorder in Japan. Read More

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The Relationship of Vitamin D Deficiency with Severity and Outcome of Acute Stroke.

Rom J Intern Med 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

M.D., General Physician, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.

: There are currently conflicting results regarding the link between vitamin D deficiency and increased risk for stroke and its poor prognosis. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and prognosis of acute stroke.: This bi-center cross-sectional study was performed on 140 consecutive patients who referred to two general hospitals in Iran with the diagnosis of acute stroke. Read More

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The Covid-19 infection: An opportunity to develop systematic vitamin D supplementation in psychiatry.

Encephale 2021 Mar 14. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Marseille University, Faculté de Médecine - Secteur Timone, EA 3279: CEReSS - Centre d'Étude et de Recherche sur les Services de Santé et la Qualité de vie, Hôpital La Conception, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille, 27, boulevard Jean-Moulin, 13005 Marseille, France.

Psychiatric patients are at risk of hypovitaminosis D and Covid-19-related mortality. In addition to the mental health benefits, vitamin D supplementation may be potentially effective in preventing severe forms of Covid-19 infections. Vitamin D supplementation is not necessary and is not reimbursed in France for this indication. Read More

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The Role of Vitamin D as a Biomarker in Alzheimer's Disease.

Brain Sci 2021 Mar 6;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Institute of Clinical Biochemistry, Clinical Molecular Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, Department of Biomedicine, Neurosciences and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Vitamin D and cognition is a popular association, which led to a remarkable body of literature data in the past 50 years. The brain can synthesize, catabolize, and receive Vitamin D, which has been proved to regulate many cellular processes in neurons and microglia. Vitamin D helps synaptic plasticity and neurotransmission in dopaminergic neural circuits and exerts anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities within the brain by reducing the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the oxidative stress load. Read More

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Severe vitamin D deficiency is not related to SARS-CoV-2 infection but may increase mortality risk in hospitalized adults: a retrospective case-control study in an Arab Gulf country.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 May 31;33(5):1415-1422. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: As the world continues to cautiously navigate its way through the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several breakthroughs in therapies and vaccines are currently being developed and scrutinized. Consequently, alternative therapies for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) prevention, such as vitamin D supplementation, while hypothetically promising, require substantial evidence from countries affected by COVID-19. The present retrospective case-control study aims to identify differences in vitamin D status and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients screened for SARS-CoV-2, and determine associations of vitamin D levels with increased COVID-19 risk and mortality. Read More

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The link between COVID-19 and VItamin D (VIVID): A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Metabolism 2021 06 24;119:154753. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Scholars in HeAlth Research Program (SHARP), American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program, WHO Collaborating Center in Metabolic Bone Disorders, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Background: Disease severity and mortality rates due to COVID-19 infection are greater in the elderly and chronically ill patients, populations at high risk for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D plays an important role in immune function and inflammation. This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the impact of vitamin D status and supplementation on COVID-19 related mortality and health outcomes. Read More

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Vitamin D deficiency in critically ill COVID-19 ARDS patients.

Clin Nutr 2021 Mar 7. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Germany.

Background & Aims: Vitamin D's pleiotropic effects include immune modulation, and its supplementation has been shown to prevent respiratory tract infections. The effectivity of vitamin D as a therapeutic intervention in critical illness remains less defined. The current study analyzed clinical and immunologic effects of vitamin D levels in patients suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Read More

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[Vitamin D deficiency and carbohydrate metabolism in obese children and adolescents].

Vopr Pitan 2021;90(1):57-64. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Nothern State Medical University of Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, 163000, Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation.

Obesity in childhood and adolescence is an important clinical and social problem in all countries, due to its extremely adverse long-term health effects. Vitamin D deficiency is extremely widespread in the world. Obesity and metabolic syndrome are often associated with vitamin D deficit. Read More

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January 2021