138 results match your criteria Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG

The impact of premature extrauterine exposure on infants' stimulus-evoked brain activity across multiple sensory systems.

Neuroimage Clin 2022 10;33:102914. Epub 2021 Dec 10.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

Prematurity can result in widespread neurodevelopmental impairment, with the impact of premature extrauterine exposure on brain function detectable in infancy. A range of neurodynamic and haemodynamic functional brain measures have previously been employed to study the neurodevelopmental impact of prematurity, with methodological and analytical heterogeneity across studies obscuring how multiple sensory systems are affected. Here, we outline a standardised template analysis approach to measure evoked response magnitudes for visual, tactile, and noxious stimulation in individual infants (n = 15) using EEG. Read More

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An EEG analysis framework through AI and sonification on low power IoT edge devices.

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2021 11;2021:277-280

This study explores the feasibility of implementation of an analysis framework of neonatal EEG, including ML, sonification and intuitive visualization, on a low power IoT edge device. Electroencephalography (EEG) analysis is a very important tool to detect brain disorders. Neonatal seizure detection is a known, challenging problem. Read More

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November 2021

Case Report: High-Gamma Oscillations on an Ictal Electroencephalogram in a Newborn Patient With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy.

Front Pediatr 2021 1;9:679771. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Child Neurology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Science, Okayama, Japan.

Fast oscillations (FOs) >40 Hz in electroencephalograms (EEGs) are associated with ictogenesis and epileptogenesis in adults and children with epilepsy. However, only a few previous studies showed FOs in neonates. Reported frequencies of such neonatal FOs were in the low-gamma (<60 Hz) band and, therefore, they were not high compared to those in pediatric patients. Read More

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October 2021

A Rare Cause of Epilepsy: Ulegyria Revisited in a Series of 10 Patients.

Clin EEG Neurosci 2022 Mar 17;53(2):153-159. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, Epilepsy Center, Bursa Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Ulegyria results from perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in term infants. The specific mushroom-shaped configuration of ulegyria results from small atrophic circumvolutions at the bottom of a sulcus underlying an intact gyral apex. Clinically, ulegyria is generally associated with epilepsy. Read More

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The Kynurenic Acid Analog SZR72 Enhances Neuronal Activity after Asphyxia but Is Not Neuroprotective in a Translational Model of Neonatal Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 1;22(9). Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary.

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains to be a major cause of long-term neurodevelopmental deficits in term neonates. Hypothermia offers partial neuroprotection warranting research for additional therapies. Kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endogenous product of tryptophan metabolism, was previously shown to be beneficial in rat HIE models. Read More

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Pilot study of a single-channel EEG seizure detection algorithm using machine learning.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 07 3;37(7):2239-2244. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Korea.

Objective: Seizures are one of the most common emergencies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). They are identified through visual inspection of electroencephalography (EEG) reports and treated by neurophysiologic experts. To support clinical seizure detection, several feature-based automatic neonatal seizure detection algorithms have been proposed. Read More

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Quantitative approach to early neonatal EEG visual analysis in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy severity: Bridging the gap between eyes and machine.

Neurophysiol Clin 2021 Mar 2;51(2):121-131. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

EA4489, Environnement périnatal et santé, Faculté de médecine, Université de Lille, 2 Avenue Eugène Avinée, 59120 Loos, France; Service de Neurologie pédiatrique, Hôpital Roger Salengro, CHRU de Lille, Avenue du Professeur Emile Laine, 59037, France.

Objectives: To identify relevant quantitative parameters for early classification of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) severity from conventional EEGs.

Methods: Ninety EEGs, recorded in full-term infants within 6 h of life after perinatal hypoxia, were visually classified according to the French EEG classification into three groups of increasing HIE severity. Physiologically significant EEG features (signal amplitude, continuity and frequency content) were automatically quantified using different parameters. Read More

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Behavioral-state development and sleep-state differentiation during early ontogenesis.

Neurophysiol Clin 2021 Jan 2;51(1):89-98. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Clinical Neurophysiology, Roger Salengro Hospital, CHRU Lille, France.

Sleep is a key process in neurodevelopment and essential for the maturation of fundamental brain functions. Premature birth can disturb the initial steps of sleep maturation, which may contribute to the impairment of neurodevelopment. It is thus fundamental to understand the maturation of the various sleep states and the quality of cerebral function in each vigilance state, as well as the development of sleep cyclicity, in at-risk neonatal infants, particularly those born premature. Read More

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January 2021

Novel LRPPRC compound heterozygous mutation in a child with early-onset Leigh syndrome French-Canadian type: case report of an Italian patient.

Ital J Pediatr 2020 Sep 24;46(1):140. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties "G. D'Alessandro". University Hospital "P.Giaccone", University of Palermo, Piazza delle Cliniche, 2, 90127, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Mitochondrial diseases, also known as oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders, with a prevalence rate of 1:5000, are the most frequent inherited metabolic diseases. Leigh Syndrome French Canadian type (LSFC), is caused by mutations in the nuclear gene (2p16) leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat-containing (LRPPRC). It is an autosomal recessive neurogenetic OXPHOS disorder, phenotypically distinct from other types of Leigh syndrome, with a carrier frequency up to 1:23 and an incidence of 1:2063 in the Saguenay-Lac-St Jean region of Quebec. Read More

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September 2020

Inhaled H or CO Do Not Augment the Neuroprotective Effect of Therapeutic Hypothermia in a Severe Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Piglet Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Sep 16;21(18). Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Department of Physiology, University of Szeged Faculty of Medicine, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary.

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is still a major cause of neonatal death and disability as therapeutic hypothermia (TH) alone cannot afford sufficient neuroprotection. The present study investigated whether ventilation with molecular hydrogen (2.1% H) or graded restoration of normocapnia with CO for 4 h after asphyxia would augment the neuroprotective effect of TH in a subacute (48 h) HIE piglet model. Read More

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September 2020

Reliability and accuracy of EEG interpretation for estimating age in preterm infants.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2020 09 7;7(9):1564-1573. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

BABA Center, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Objectives: To determine the accuracy of, and agreement among, EEG and aEEG readers' estimation of maturity and a novel computational measure of functional brain age (FBA) in preterm infants.

Methods: Seven experts estimated the postmenstrual ages (PMA) in a cohort of recordings from preterm infants using cloud-based review software. The FBA was calculated using a machine learning-based algorithm. Read More

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September 2020

Analysis of visual attention and team communications during neonatal endotracheal intubations using eye-tracking: An observational study.

Resuscitation 2020 08 21;153:176-182. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Centre for the Studies of Asphyxia and Resuscitation, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Purpose: Eye-tracking can be used to analyse visual attention (VA) of health care providers during clinical tasks. No study has examined eye-tracking during neonatal endotracheal intubation. We aimed to examine VA and team communications during endotracheal intubation using eye-tracking in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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Predictive Value of Early Amplitude Integrated EEG in Extremely Premature Infants.

J Child Neurol 2020 10 9;35(11):737-743. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Neonatology Department, Soroka Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is increasingly utilized in preterm infants. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether semiquantitative visual assessment of aEEG background during the first 72 hours of life is associated with long-term outcome in a group of premature infants born less than 28 weeks' gestation. Infants were prospectively enrolled and monitored in the first 72 hours after birth. Read More

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October 2020

Delayed neonatal visual evoked potentials are associated to asymmetric growth pattern in twins.

Clin Neurophysiol 2020 03 20;131(3):744-749. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

University Hospital "P. Giaccone", Department of Sciences for Health Promotion, Maternal Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties "G. D'Alessandro", Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Via A. Giordano 3, 90127 Palermo, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: To study the association between intrauterine growth and visual pathways maturation by neonatal visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in twins, in view of a possible prognostic role.

Methods: Seventy-four twin neonates from 37 pregnancies were selected based on gestational age of more than 30 weeks and uneventful perinatal clinical course. Flash VEPs were recorded at the same postmenstrual age in each twin pair. Read More

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Assessment of neonatal EEG background and neurodevelopment in full-term small for their gestational age infants.

Pediatr Res 2020 07 10;88(1):91-99. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain.

Background: Delayed brain function development in small-gestational-age (SGA) infants has been reported. We aimed to quantify rates of immature neonatal EEG patterns and their association with neurodevelopment in SGA full-term neonates.

Methods: Using a cohort design, 50 SGA (birthweight <10th percentile) and 44 appropriate-gestational-age (AGA) term neonates underwent continuous video-EEG recordings lasting >3 h. Read More

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Incorporating feature selection methods into a machine learning-based neonatal seizure diagnosis.

Med Hypotheses 2020 Feb 28;135:109464. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Fırat University Faculty of Engineering, Software Engineering, 23119 Elazig, Turkey. Electronic address:

The present study developed a feature selection (FS)-based decision support system using the electroencephalography (EEG) signals recorded from neonates with and without seizures. The study employed 10 different FS algorithms to reduce the classification cost by using fewer features and to improve the classification performance of the model by removing the irrelevant features. In doing so, the classification performance of each FS algorithm on each EEG channel difference was also evaluated. Read More

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February 2020

Large-scale brain modes reorganize between infant sleep states and carry prognostic information for preterms.

Nat Commun 2019 06 13;10(1):2619. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, 4006, Australia.

Sleep architecture carries vital information about brain health across the lifespan. In particular, the ability to express distinct vigilance states is a key physiological marker of neurological wellbeing in the newborn infant although systems-level mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the transition from quiet to active sleep in newborn infants is marked by a substantial reorganization of large-scale cortical activity and functional brain networks. Read More

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Atypical resting state neuromagnetic connectivity and spectral power in very preterm children.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 09 25;60(9):975-987. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

Background: Children born very preterm often display selective cognitive difficulties at school age even in the absence of major brain injury. Alterations in neurophysiological activity underpinning such difficulties, as well as their relation to specific aspects of adverse neonatal experience, remain poorly understood. In the present study, we examined interregional connectivity and spectral power in very preterm children at school age, and their relationship with clinical neonatal variables and long-term outcomes (IQ, executive functions, externalizing/internalizing behavior, visual-motor integration). Read More

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September 2019

Quantitative analysis and EEG markers of KCNT1 epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures.

Epilepsia 2019 01 7;60(1):20-32. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

INSERM Unit U1129 Infantile Epilepsies and Brain Plasticity, University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Objective: We aimed to characterize epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS), a rare, severe early onset developmental epilepsy related to KCNT1 mutation, and to define specific electroencephalography (EEG) markers using EEG quantitative analysis. The ultimate goal would be to improve early diagnosis and to better understand seizure onset and propagation of EIMFS as compared to other early onset developmental epilepsy.

Methods: EEG of 7 EIMFS patients with KCNT1 mutations (115 seizures) and 17 patients with other early onset epilepsies (30 seizures) was included in this study. Read More

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January 2019

Quiet sleep detection in preterm infants using deep convolutional neural networks.

J Neural Eng 2018 12 22;15(6):066006. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Electrical Engineering (ESAT), STADIUS Center for Dynamical Systems, Signal Processing and Data Analytics, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. imec, Leuven, Belgium.

Objective: Neonates spend most of their time asleep. Sleep of preterm infants evolves rapidly throughout maturation and plays an important role in brain development. Since visual labelling of the sleep stages is a time consuming task, automated analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) to identify sleep stages is of great interest to clinicians. Read More

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December 2018

The Predictive Value of Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography in Preterm Infants for IQ and Other Neuropsychological Outcomes at Early School Age.

Neonatology 2018 13;113(4):287-295. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Background: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years.

Objectives: To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age.

Methods: We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26. Read More

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September 2019

Multicentre prospective randomised single-blind controlled study protocol of the effect of an additional parent-administered sensorimotor stimulation on neurological development of preterm infants: Primebrain.

BMJ Open 2017 Dec 3;7(12):e018084. Epub 2017 Dec 3.

Department of Neurology, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Preterm and very low birthweight infants are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, including cerebral palsy, sensory impairment and intellectual disability. Several early intervention approaches have been designed in the hope of optimising neurological development in this context. It seems important that the intervention takes into account parental mental health, focuses on parent-child interactions and lasts sufficiently long. Read More

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December 2017

Visual and Quantitative Electroencephalographic Analysis in Healthy Term Neonates Within the First Six Hours and the Third Day of Life.

Pediatr Neurol 2017 Dec 4;77:54-60.e1. Epub 2017 May 4.

Research Unit, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain.

Background: What constitutes a "normal" background electroencephalography (EEG) rhythm immediately after birth is not well understood. We performed video-electroencephalography recordings in the first six hours (first measure) and the third day of life (second measure) for evidence of transient changes in brain function.

Methods: We performed a cohort study of an incidental sample of healthy term neonates in a single-center nursery. Read More

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December 2017

Benign Neonatal Sleep Myoclonus Evokes Somatosensory Responses.

J Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Nov;34(6):484-491

*Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, APHP, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France; †INSERM U1129, Paris, France; ‡Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; §CEA, Gif sur Yvette, France; and ‖Department of Neonatology, APHP, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France.

Purpose: Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus is a common nonepileptic condition occurring in neurologically normal full-term newborns. During jerks, EEG has always been described as normal. The aim of this study was to describe EEG changes associated with the myoclonic jerks. Read More

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November 2017

Analysis of neonatal resuscitation using eye tracking: a pilot study.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2018 Jan 19;103(1):F82-F84. Epub 2017 Aug 19.

Centre for the Studies of Asphyxia and Resuscitation, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Visual attention (VA) is important for situation awareness and decision-making. Eye tracking can be used to analyse the VA of healthcare providers. No study has examined eye tracking during neonatal resuscitation. Read More

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January 2018

Review of sleep-EEG in preterm and term neonates.

Early Hum Dev 2017 10 12;113:87-103. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Department of Development and Regeneration, University Hospitals Leuven, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Neonatal sleep is a crucial state that involves endogenous driven brain activity, important for neuronal survival and guidance of brain networks. Sequential EEG-sleep analysis in preterm infants provides insights into functional brain integrity and can document deviations of the biologically pre-programmed process of sleep ontogenesis during the neonatal period. Visual assessment of neonatal sleep-EEG, with integration of both cerebral and non-cerebral measures to better define neonatal state, is still considered the gold standard. Read More

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October 2017

Brainstem as a developmental gateway to social attention.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2017 Dec 15;58(12):1351-1359. Epub 2017 May 15.

Neonatology Department, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: Evolution preserves social attention due to its key role in supporting survival. Humans are attracted to social cues from infancy, but the neurobiological mechanisms for the development of social attention are unknown. An evolutionary-based, vertical-hierarchical theoretical model of self-regulation suggests that neonatal brainstem inputs are key for the development of well-regulated social attention. Read More

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December 2017

Detecting bursts in the EEG of very and extremely premature infants using a multi-feature approach.

Med Eng Phys 2017 07 18;45:42-50. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Neonatal Brain Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Ireland. Electronic address:

Aim: To develop a method that segments preterm EEG into bursts and inter-bursts by extracting and combining multiple EEG features.

Methods: Two EEG experts annotated bursts in individual EEG channels for 36 preterm infants with gestational age < 30 weeks. The feature set included spectral, amplitude, and frequency-weighted energy features. Read More

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Periictal activity in cooled asphyxiated neonates with seizures.

Seizure 2017 Apr 2;47:13-16. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

Division of Neurology, CHU Sainte Justine, Department of Neurosciences and Paediatrics, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada; CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: Seizures are common in critically ill neonates. Both seizures and antiepileptic treatments may lead to short term complications and worsen the outcomes. Predicting the risks of seizure reoccurrence could enable individual treatment regimens and better outcomes. Read More

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