476,678 results match your criteria Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG


An Accurate Automated Local Similarity Factor-Based Neural Tree Approach toward Tissue Segmentation of Newborn Brain MRI.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon, Maharashtra, India.

Background:  Segmentation of brain MR images of neonates is a primary step for assessment of brain evolvement. Advanced segmentation techniques used for adult brain MRI are not companionable for neonates, due to extensive dissimilarities in tissue properties and head structure. Existing segmentation methods for neonates utilizes brain atlases or requires manual elucidation, which results into improper and atlas dependent segmentation. Read More

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December 2018
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Delays in the reading and spelling of children with cerebral palsy: Associations with phonological and visual processes.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 12;85:131-142. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, United Kingdom.

Background: This investigation addresses the question of whether there exists a significant discrepancy in the cognitive abilities of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who, despite the presence of age appropriate communication and language, have reading and spelling delays.

Aims: We wanted to discover whether there was a relationship between the phonological and visual perceptual abilities of children with CP and their progress in reading and spelling.

Methods And Procedures: Fifteen children with CP (aged between 6:9 years and 11:6 years) were assessed on reading and spelling; communication and language; non-verbal reasoning; phonological processing; and visual perception. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Dec 11;67:77-85. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology and Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

We applied continuous flash suppression (CFS) during an interocular transfer paradigm to evaluate the importance of awareness and the contribution of early versus late visual structures in size recognition. Specifically, we tested if size judgements of a visible target could be influenced by a congruent or incongruent prime presented to the same or different eye. Without CFS, participants categorised a target as "small" or "large" more quickly when it was preceded by a congruent prime - regardless of whether the prime and target were presented to the same or different eye. Read More

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December 2018

Attentional priming: recent insights and current controversies.

Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 28;29:71-75. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Icelandic Vision Laboratory, School of Humanitites and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri. Hafnarstræti 97, Akureyri IS600, Iceland.

Humans possess a primitive memory system for attention deployments that allows quick reorientation of visual attention to stimuli that are relevant to behavior at any given moment. We review recent evidence regarding such attentional priming effects from a number of different perspectives. We discuss recent findings on the time course and duration of such effects, the potential interaction of priming and top-down attentional guidance; how priming can be used to probe the nature of visual representations and attentional templates; findings on the basic nature of priming effects and recent relevant findings on so-called serial dependencies that share many characteristics with attentional priming. Read More

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November 2018
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Electrophysiological and behavioral measures of some speech contrasts in varied attention and noise.

Hear Res 2018 Dec 6;373:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Lund University Department of Psychology, Paradisgatan 5, Lund, 22100, Sweden. Electronic address:

This paper investigates the salience of speech contrasts in noise, in relation to how listening attention affects scalp-recorded cortical responses. The contrasts that were examined with consonant-vowel syllables, were place of articulation, vowel length and voice-onset time (VOT) and our analysis focuses on the correspondence between the effect of attention on the electrophysiology and the decrement in behavioral results when noise was added to the stimuli. Normal-hearing subjects (n = 20) performed closed-set syllable identification in no noise, 0, 4 and 8 dB signal-noise ratio (SNR). Read More

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December 2018

Sensorimotor plasticity in response to predictable visual stimuli could correct the signs of spatial neglect.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Neuroscience Department, Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Neurology Department, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

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December 2018

Human meibum chain branching variability with age, gender and meibomian gland dysfunction.

Ocul Surf 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA.

NMR spectroscopy was used to measure hydrocarbon chain branching variability in meibum with age, gender and Meibomian gland dysfuction (MGD). A cohort of 65 meibum donors without dry eye and 31 donors with MGD was studied. Heteronuclear 2D NMR was used to confirm CH resonance assignments allowing us to positively identify 23 of the 27 proton resonances of cholesteryl ester and H resonances due to straight chain, iso-branched and anteiso-branched hydrocarbons. Read More

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December 2018

Transcranial static magnetic stimulation over the primary motor cortex alters sequential implicit motor learning.

Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Graduate School of Core Ethics and Frontier Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Japan. Electronic address:

Transcranial static magnetic stimulation (tSMS) is a recently introduced noninvasive brain stimulation technique that can modulate brain excitability. Here, we investigated a hypothesis that motor learning would be altered by tSMS applied to the primary motor cortex (M1). For motor task, we chose a serial reaction time task consisting of sequential trials and random trials in which the visual cue doesn't play out a repeating pattern of positions to evaluate an implicit motor learning, where the M1 is a key structure for skill acquisition and early consolidation. Read More

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December 2018

Binocular Visual Function with Staged Implantation of Diffractive Multifocal Intraocular Lenses with Three Add Powers.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental Collage Suidobashi Hospital.

Purpose: To evaluate the binocular visual function and depth of focus after staged implantation of diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (MIOLs) with three different add powers following cataract removal.

Design: Prospective comparative case series.

Methods: Setting: Institutional. Read More

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December 2018

Choroidal microvascular dropout in primary angle closure glaucoma.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University Eye Clinic Maastricht, University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Purpose: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the presence of choroidal microvascular dropout (CMvD) in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) eyes compared to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes.

Design: Cross-sectional study METHODS: Thirty-six POAG eyes (36 patients) and 28 PACG eyes (28 patients) underwent optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Presence of CMvD was evaluated on choroidal OCTA slabs. Read More

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December 2018

The Impact of Prefilled Syringes on Endophthalmitis following Intravitreal Injection of Ranibizumab.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Mid Atlantic Retina, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare the rates of infectious endophthalmitis following intravitreal injection of ranibizumab using prefilled syringes vs. conventional preparation.

Design: Multicenter, retrospective, cohort study METHODS: All eyes receiving intravitreal injection of 0. Read More

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December 2018

Association of age-related macular degeneration with mortality in patients with AIDS; role of systemic inflammation.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Medicine, the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the relationships among age-related macular degeneration (AMD), mortality, and biomarkers of systemic inflammation in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Design: Case control study.

Participants: Participants with intermediate-stage AMD at enrollment in the Longitudinal Study of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (LSOCA) and 2:1 controls matched for age and gender. Read More

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December 2018

On the (Non-)equivalency of monopolar and bipolar settings for deep brain stimulation fMRI studies of Parkinson's disease patients.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

GE Global Research Center, Bangalore, India.

Background: The majority of Parkinson's disease patients with deep brain stimulation (DBS) use a monopolar configuration, which presents challenges for EEG and MRI studies. The literature reports algorithms to convert monopolar to bipolar settings.

Purpose/hypothesis: To assess brain responses of Parkinson's disease patients implanted with DBS during fMRI studies using their clinical and presumed equivalent settings using a published conversion recipe. Read More

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December 2018

Progression of retinitis pigmentosa on multimodal imaging: the PREP-1 study.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA.

Importance: It is important to establish reliable outcome measures to detect progression in retinitis pigmentosa (RP).

Background: To evaluate progression of RP using multimodal imaging, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and microperimetry (MP).

Design: Retrospective longitudinal study at a tertiary teaching hospital. Read More

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December 2018
1.953 Impact Factor

Unravelling the functional organization of lobula complex in the mantis brain by identification of visual interneurons.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

The praying mantis shows broad repertories of visually guided behaviours such as prey recognition and defence against collision. It is likely that neurons in the lobula complex (LOX), the third visual neuropil in the optic lobe, play significant roles in these behaviours. The LOX in the mantis brain consists of five neuropils: outer lobes 1 and 2 (OLO1 and OLO2); anterior lobe (ALO); dorsal lobe, (DLO); and stalk lobe (SLO), and ALO comprise ventral and dorsal subunits, ALO-V and ALO-D. Read More

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December 2018

Pupil size and search performance in low and high perceptual load.

Authors:
Manuel Oliva

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Cognitive Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

The ability to focus on a task while disregarding irrelevant information is an example of selective attention. The perceptual-load hypothesis argues that the occurrence of early or late selection mechanisms is determined by task-relevant perceptual load. Additionally, evidence shows that pupil size serves as proxy of locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC-NE) activity, a system associated with cognitive and attentional mediation. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy of Endo-Ice followed by intrapulpal ice application as an adjunct to inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis-a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research (MAHER), Faculty of Dentistry, Maduravoyal, Chennai, 600095, India.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Endo-Ice followed by intrapulpal ice application for reducing pain during pulp extirpation in mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.

Materials And Methods: Sixty patients diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis participated in the present study. Subjects were randomly allocated to any one of the following groups: control group-inferior alveolar nerve block with lignocaine (2%) adrenaline (1:80000), articaine group-inferior alveolar nerve block with lignocaine (2%) adrenaline (1:80000) + Buccal infiltration with articaine (4%) with adrenaline (1:100000); or cold group-inferior alveolar nerve block with lignocaine (2%) adrenaline (1:80000) + cold application. Read More

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December 2018

Does gesture strengthen sensorimotor knowledge of objects? The case of the size-weight illusion.

Psychol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Co-speech gestures have been proposed to strengthen sensorimotor knowledge related to objects' weight and manipulability. This pre-registered study ( https://www.osf. Read More

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December 2018

A novel switchable fluorescent sensor for facile and highly sensitive detection of alkaline phosphatase activity in a water environment with gold/silver nanoclusters.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Institute of Plant Protection and Agro-Product Safety, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agro-Product Safety Risk Evaluation (Hefei), Ministry of Agriculture, Hefei, 230031, Anhui, China.

A novel fluorescent sensor based on bovine serum albumin stabilized gold/silver nanoclusters (BSA-Au/Ag NCs) was developed for sensitive and facile detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. For this fluorescent sensor, ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AAP) was decomposed into ascorbic acid (AA) and phosphate by catalysis with ALP. The initial red fluorescence of the BSA-Au/Ag NCs was effectively quenched by KMnO and then the fluorescence was recovered by addition of AA. Read More

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December 2018

Second shot arterial phase to overcome degraded hepatic arterial phase in liver MR imaging.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 80 Guro-dong, Guro-gu, Seoul, 152-703, South Korea.

Objectives: Second shot arterial phase (SSAP) imaging is an additional arterial phase image obtained by re-injecting a small amount of contrast medium after routine dynamic imaging in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and additional value of a SSAP image in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI.

Methods: One hundred seventy-two patients who underwent SSAP imaging after re-injection of 4 mL of contrast material after routine dynamic imaging (original) in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRIs were included. Read More

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December 2018

Wavelet-based reconstruction of dynamic susceptibility MR-perfusion: a new method to visualize hypervascular brain tumors.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Objectives: Parameter maps based on wavelet-transform post-processing of dynamic perfusion data offer an innovative way of visualizing blood vessels in a fully automated, user-independent way. The aims of this study were (i) a proof of concept regarding wavelet-based analysis of dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI data and (ii) to demonstrate advantages of wavelet-based measures compared to standard cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps in patients with the initial diagnosis of glioblastoma (GBM).

Methods: Consecutive 3-T DSC MRI datasets of 46 subjects with GBM (mean age 63. Read More

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December 2018

Cognitively Demanding Object Negotiation While Walking and Texting.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17880. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

Cell phone related pedestrian injuries are increasing, but the underlying causes remain unclear. Here, we studied how cell phone use directly affected obstacle avoidance ability. Thirty healthy adults participated. Read More

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December 2018

Prolonged allocentric navigation deficits indicate hippocampal damage in TGA.

Neurology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

From the Department of Neurology (F.S., C.T., M.D., A.Z.), German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (F.S., S.I., C.P., S.B., C.T., E.S., G.K., P.B., M.D., T.B., A.Z.), Graduate School of Systemic Neuroscience (S.I., M.D., T.B.), Department of Nuclear Medicine (P.B.), and Clinical Neurosciences (T.B.), Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich; and Munich Cluster of Systems Neurology (P.B., M.D.), SyNergy, Munich, Germany.

Objective: To investigate long-term recovery of allocentric and egocentric spatial orientation as a sensitive marker for hippocampal and extrahippocampal network function in transient global amnesia (TGA).

Methods: A group of 18 patients with TGA performed an established real-space navigation paradigm, requiring allo- and egocentric spatial orientation abilities, 3 days (postacute stage) and 3 months (follow-up) after symptom onset. Visual exploration behavior and navigation strategy were documented by a gaze-controlled, head-fixed camera. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison of the validity of checklist assessment in cardiac arrest simulations with an app in an academic hospital in Taiwan: a retrospective observational study.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024309. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Emergency Department, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Introduction: Robust assessment is a crucial component in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) training to determine whether participants have achieved learning objectives with little or no variation in their overall outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate resuscitation performance by real-time logs. We hypothesised that instructors may not be able to evaluate time-sensitive parameters, namely, chest compression fraction, time to initiating chest compression and time to initiating defibrillation accurately in a subjective manner. Read More

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December 2018

Examining Predictors of Real-World User Engagement with Self-Guided eHealth Interventions: Analysis of Mobile Apps and Websites Using a Novel Dataset.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e11491. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY, United States.

Background: The literature suggests that the product design of self-guided electronic health (eHealth) interventions impacts user engagement. Traditional trial settings, however, do not enable the examination of these relationships in real-world use.

Objective: This study aimed to examine whether the qualities of product design, research evidence, and publicly available data predict real-world user engagement with mobile and Web-based self-guided eHealth interventions. Read More

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December 2018

The procedure value index: a new method for quantifying value in shoulder arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Holy Cross Orthopedic Institute, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce the procedure value index (PVI) and apply this value instrument to shoulder arthroplasty. The PVI uses the value equation in units of minimal clinically important difference (MCID) to provide an objective system of quantifying value-driven care. Secondarily, we describe the PVI for both primary anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) to highlight value differences between these patient populations. Read More

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December 2018

The influence of mental health on Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and traditional outcome instruments in patients with symptomatic glenohumeral arthritis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.

Background: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) assessment includes computerized adaptive tests (CATs) that assess function, pain, depression, and anxiety. The influence of mental health on patients' self-reported pain and function has not been explored using PROMIS in patients with symptomatic glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 284 shoulders in 276 patients presenting with isolated glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Read More

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December 2018

Predissection-derived geometric and distensibility indices reveal increased peak longitudinal stress and stiffness in patients sustaining acute type A aortic dissection: Implications for predicting dissection.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa; Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa; McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa; Center for Vascular Remodeling and Regeneration, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa; Center for Thoracic Aortic Disease, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess ascending aortic distensibility and build geometry and distensibility-based patient-specific stress distribution maps in patients sustaining type A aortic dissection (TAAD) using predissection noninvasive imaging.

Methods: Review of charts from patients undergoing surgical repair of TAAD (n = 351) led to the selection of a subset population (n = 7) with 2 or more predissection computed tomography angiography scans and echocardiograms at least 1 year before dissection. Ascending aortic wall biomechanical properties (aortic strain, distensibility, and stiffness) were compared with age- and size-matched nondissected nonaneurysmal controls. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Exploring illness perceptions of lupus patients for a motivational environment in therapeutic education].

Rev Med Interne 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Service de médecine interne, Centre de référence des maladies auto-immunes systémiques rares, hôpital Huriez, CHU de Lille, rue Michel-Polonovski, 59037 Lille cedex, France.

Purpose: Therapeutic education (TE) intends to help patients with systemic lupus erythematosus to better understand their disease and to improve their quality of life. The objective of this study was to assess illness perceptions of the person to provide a motivational environment for TE.

Methods: Systemic lupus erythematosus patients followed in the department of internal medicine in Lille university hospital responded to a questionnaire assessing five dimensions of the person as proposed by Giordan: the cognitive (knowledge), perceptual (fatigue and pain), affective (anxious and depressive symptoms), infra-cognitive (intimate reasoning) and metacognitive (worldview) dimensions. Read More

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December 2018

Differences between morphological and repetition priming in auditory lexical decision: Implications for decompositional models.

Cortex 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

A natural way of probing the effects of morphology on lexical processing is to directly compare morphological priming, for which primes and targets share a stem but are mismatched in morphological structure (e.g., frogs → frog), with outright repetition priming (e. Read More

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October 2018

Platelet-rich plasma versus Tenex in the treatment of medial and lateral epicondylitis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Jan;28(1):112-119

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Medial epicondylitis and lateral epicondylitis are among the most common elbow pathologies affecting people aged between 40 and 50 years. Although epicondylitis is often a self-limiting condition that improves with conservative treatment, the condition can be difficult to eradicate. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and ultrasound-guided percutaneous tenotomy (Tenex) for the treatment of medial or lateral epicondylitis. Read More

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January 2019

3-min whole body cryotherapy/cryostimulation after training in the evening improves sleep quality in physically active men.

Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Dec 14:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Laboratoire Mobilité Vieillissement Exercice (MOVE)-EA6314, Faculty of Sport Sciences , University of Poitiers , Poitiers , France.

Exercise training during evening may disturb sleep patterns and hinder recovery process. The present study aimed to examine the effect of whole body cryotherapy (WBC) exposure after training in the evening on sleep quality and night heart rate variability (HRV). A total of 22 physically active men were randomized to undergo either WBC (3-min at -40°C, wind speed of 2. Read More

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December 2018

Amelioration of clinical symptoms of patients with refractory rheumatoid arthritis following treatment with autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells: A successful clinical trial in Iran.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 26;109:1834-1840. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Allergy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune arthropathy characterized by synovial hyperplasia leading to functional impairment. Although the exact cause of RA is unknown, there is evidence suggesting the role of T cell subtypes in the pathogenesis of RA. Conventional therapy in some RA patients is associated with mild or severe side effects, and resistance of some patients has been reported to these types of therapy. Read More

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January 2019

Is the perception of illusions abnormal in schizophrenia?

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 30;270:929-939. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Laboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.

There seems to be no common factor for visual perception, i.e., performance in visual tasks correlates only weakly with each other. Read More

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December 2018

Construing and body dissatisfaction in chronic depression: A study of body psychotherapy.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 30;270:845-851. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK. Electronic address:

The frequent association of depression with somatic symptoms suggests that body psychotherapy may be an appropriate therapeutic intervention for people with chronic depression. Using a subset of twenty-three participants from a randomized controlled trial that had demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in reducing depressive symptoms, the present study investigated whether it may also impact aspects of construing which have been associated with depression. Patients presenting with chronic depression were randomly allocated to a treatment group or a waiting list group, which received body psychotherapy after a period on a waiting list. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative Analysis of the Exposure and Surgical Freedom of the Endoscopic Extended Minipterional Craniotomy and the Transorbital Endoscopic Approach to the Anterior and Middle Cranial Fossae.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Numerous minimally invasive approaches to the skull base have been successively developed. Knowledge of the surgical nuances of a specific approach may facilitate approach selection. This study sought to compare the nuances of an extended version of the minipterional craniotomy (EMPT) with those of the transorbital endoscopic approach (TOEA) to the anterior and middle cranial fossae (ACF and MCF, respectively). Read More

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December 2018

Mitochondrial Respiration in Outer Retina Contributes to Light-Evoked Increase in Hydration In Vivo.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5957-5964

Department of Ophthalmology, Visual and Anatomical Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States.

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that mitochondrial respiration contributes to local changes in hydration involved in phototransduction-driven expansion of outer retina, as measured by structural responses on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: Oxygen consumption rate and mitochondrial reserve capacity of freshly isolated C57BL/6 and 129S6/SvEvTac mouse retina were measured using a Seahorse Extracellular Flux Analyzer. Light-stimulated outer retina layer water content was determined by proton density MRI, structure and thickness by ultrahigh-resolution OCT, and water mobility by diffusion MRI. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prospective Evaluation of Patients With X-Linked Retinoschisis During 18 Months.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5941-5956

Applied Genetic Technologies Corporation, Alachua, Florida, United States.

Purpose: Prospective evaluation of patients with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS).

Methods: Fifty-six males XLRS patients, age ≥7 years, had retinal structure and function tests performed every 6 months during an 18-month period.

Results: Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was abnormal (mean ± SD logMAR 0. Read More

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December 2018
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Vestibular dysfunction as cortical damage with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

J Neurol Sci 2018 Dec 5;397:4-8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Neurology, Division of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: Cortical damage in areas such as the frontal lobe is reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, aside from executive dysfunction, the pathological significance of this cortical damage has yet to be clarified. The present study investigated the effects of cortical damage on vestibular function in ALS. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The relationship between trunk position sense and postural control in ataxic individuals.

Gait Posture 2018 Dec 6;68:258-263. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The proprioceptive system plays a role in the maintenance of postural control more than the visual and vestibular systems in ataxic patients with postural control disorders, but the relationship between trunk proprioception and postural control has not been sufficiently investigated yet. This relationship can provide a different perspective to the ataxia rehabilitation.

Research Question: This study aimed to examine the relationship between trunk position sense and postural control in ataxic individuals by comparing them to healthy individuals. Read More

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December 2018

A randomized controlled trial to test efficacy of digital enhancements of storybooks in support of narrative comprehension and word learning.

J Exp Child Psychol 2018 Dec 11;179:212-226. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Education, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1053 Budapest, Hungary; Department of Language, Literature and Communication, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Arts and Education, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway.

Experiments with film-like story presentations have been found to be beneficial in supporting children's story comprehension and word learning. The main goal of the current study was to disentangle the effects of visual and auditory enhancements in digital books. Participants were 99 typically developing children (41 boys and 58 girls) aged 4-6 years from two public kindergartens in Bursa, Turkey. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the underpinning mechanisms of the proximity effect within a competitive food environment.

Appetite 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Birmingham City University, Curzon Building, 4 Cardigan Street, Birmingham, B4 7BD, United Kingdom.

Objective: One method of influencing an individual's food consumption involves placing unhealthy snacks further away from individuals, known as the "proximity effect". However, only one laboratory study has explored the effect while both an unhealthy and a healthy option are presented simultaneously. Further, little is known about the potential underpinning mechanisms of the effect. Read More

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December 2018

New Year's Resolutions for The Ocular Surface Journal.

Authors:
Ali R Djalilian

Ocul Surf 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, 1855 W. Taylor Street, EEI, 3164 Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Emergent neural turing machine and its visual navigation.

Neural Netw 2018 Nov 27;110:116-130. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA; Cognitive Science Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA; Neuroscience Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Traditional Turing Machines (TMs) are symbolic whose hand-crafted representations are static and limited. Developmental Network 1 (DN-1) uses emergent representation to perform Turing Computation. But DN-1 lacks hierarchy in its internal representations, and is hard to handle the complex visual navigation tasks. Read More

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November 2018

The capacity and resolution of spatial working memory and its role in the storage of non-spatial features.

Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. Electronic address:

The question whether the storage of spatial locations and other non-spatial features in visual working memory (WM) is based on shared or separate processes remains unresolved. We recorded contralateral delay activity (CDA) components as on-line electrophysiological markers of WM maintenance in two tasks where observers had to retain either the colors or locations of sample stimuli. CDA components were elicited both in the Color and in the Location task, and increasing WM load had identical effects on CDA amplitudes, suggesting shared underlying mechanisms. Read More

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December 2018

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis.

Surv Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis, a chronic, bilateral, seasonal allergic inflammatory disease of the eye, is an important cause of visual debilitation and impairment of quality of life in children and young adults in certain parts of the world such as the Mediterranean areas, Central and West Africa, the Middle East, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, and South America. It usually has a self-limiting course; however, in a few cases the disease is recurrent and leads to long-term visual disabling complications like keratoconus and limbal stem cell deficiency. The main pathogenic mechanism is IgE mediated; however, there may be non-IgE and certain non-specific hypersensitivity mechanisms. Read More

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December 2018

Identifying notions of environment in obesity research using a mixed-methods approach.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Copenhagen Centre for Health Research in the Humanities, The Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The recent rise of computation-based methods in social science has opened new opportunities for exploring qualitative questions through analysis of large amounts of text. This article uses a mixed-methods design that incorporates machine reading, network analysis, semantic analysis, and qualitative analysis of 414 highly cited publications on obesogenic environments between 2001 and 2015. The method produces an elaborate network map exhibiting five distinct notions of environment, all of which are currently active in the field of obesity research. Read More

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December 2018
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The human visual system estimates angle features in an internal reference frame: A computational and psychophysical study.

J Vis 2018 Dec;18(13):10

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Angle perception is an important middle-level visual process, combining line features to generate an integrated shape percept. Previous studies have proposed two theories of angle perception-a combination of lines and a holistic feature following Weber's law. However, both theories failed to explain the dual-peak fluctuations of the just-noticeable difference (JND) across angle sizes. Read More

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December 2018

The Relationship Between Peripapillary Vascular Density and Visual Field Sensitivity in Primary Open-Angle and Angle-Closure Glaucoma.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5862-5867

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate whether the relationship between circumpapillary vascular density (cpVD) and visual field (VF) mean sensitivity (MS) differs between primary open-angle (POAG) and angle-closure glaucoma (PACG).

Methods: The cpVD and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) were obtained using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA, AngioVue/RTVue-XR) in 146 eyes from 146 subjects (age- and VF mean deviation-matched 86 POAG and 60 PACG). Global and regional relationships (superotemporal [ST], superonasal [SN], nasoupper [NU], nasolower [NL], inferonasal [IN], inferotemoporal [IT], temporolower [TL], and temporoupper [TU] sectors) were estimated between cpVD and VF MS using multiple linear regression models controlling for the confounding variables in two disease categories. Read More

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December 2018

Supernormal Flicker ERGs in Eyes With Central Retinal Vein Occlusion: Clinical Characteristics, Prognosis, and Effects of Anti-VEGF Agent.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5854-5861

Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Purpose: To determine the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents on eyes with a central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) with and without supernormal flicker ERG amplitudes.

Methods: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with a CRVO were studied. Flicker ERGs were recorded from fully dilated eyes with the RETeval system. Read More

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December 2018
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