214 results match your criteria Vibrio Vulnificus Infection


"The Baltic Sea Germ": A Case Report of Necrotizing Fasciitis following Vibrio vulnificus Infection.

Case Rep Orthop 2022 23;2022:5908666. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department for Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Essen University Hospital, Hufelandstraße 55 45147 Essen, Germany.

Reported is an 80-year-old patient with septic shock from necrotizing fasciitis secondary to a Vibrio vulnificus (Vv) infection. The patient reports having been swimming in the Baltic Sea after a minor trauma to the left leg. Emergency superficial necrosectomy followed by intensive medical therapy was performed. Read More

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Epidemiologic Characteristics and Case Fatality Rate of Infection: Analysis of 761 Cases From 2003 to 2016 in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2022 Mar 7;37(9):e79. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: infection is a highly fatal disease resulting from the consumption of raw or undercooked seafood and exposure to seawater containing the organism. It has been a nationally notifiable disease since 2000 in Korea. The aims of this study were to assess the trends in the incidence of infection and its case fatality rate and to determine the epidemiologic characteristics to effectively prevent infection and lower mortality. Read More

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Sewage Promotes Vibrio vulnificus Growth and Alters Gene Transcription in Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 02 16;10(1):e0191321. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Floridagrid.170693.a, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring, potentially lethal pathogen found in coastal waters, fish, and shellfish. Sewage spills in coastal waters occur when infrastructure fails due to severe storms or age, and may affect bacterial populations by altering nutrient levels. This study investigated effects of sewage on clonal and natural V. Read More

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February 2022

Septic Shock Induced by Vibrio Vulnificus in Northern Poland, a Case Report.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 30;14:5027-5033. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Department of Infectious, Tropical Diseases and Immune Deficiency, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction: infections are a growing problem worldwide. In recent years, infections with this bacteria have been reported in Central Europe, especially in the German Baltic coast but also in France and Italy. Climate warming causes the sea temperature to increase every year, which translates to an increased risk of infections from the Vibrio group. Read More

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November 2021

Analysis of Gene Expression Profiles, Cytokines, and Bacterial Loads Relevant to Alcoholic Liver Disease Mice Infected With .

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:695491. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences (AMMS), Beijing, China.

Patients with liver disease are susceptible to infection with (), but the specific reasons remain elusive. Through RNA-seq, we found that when mice with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) were infected with by gavage, compared with the Pair group, the small intestinal genes affecting intestinal permeability were upregulated; and the number of differentially expressed genes related to immune functions (e.g. Read More

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December 2021

infection attributed to bee sting: a case report.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2021 Dec;10(1):1890-1895

The Seventh People's Hospital of Nanhai, Foshan, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

is a pathogenic marine bacteria associated with high mortality. Changes in climate and the global seafood trade have increased the prevalence of marine and freshwater systems affected by . As a result, the incidence of land animals, plants, and insects contacting and acting as disease vectors is on the rise. Read More

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December 2021

Effectiveness of depuration of Pacific Oyster (): removal of bioaccumulated by UV-treatment.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2021 May 15;30(5):765-771. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan, 48513 Republic of Korea.

The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a depuration system equipped with UV-irradiation to control infection such as septicemia (or sepsis) using alive oysters. After 6 h of bioaccumulation of , Pacific oyster were found to be contaminated by > 8.0 log MPN/g of cells. Read More

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TolCV1 Has Multifaceted Roles During Infection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 30;11:673222. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Drug Development, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea.

RtxA1 is a major cytotoxin of () causing fatal septicemia and necrotic wound infections. Our previous work has shown that RpoS regulates the expression and secretion of RtxA1 toxin. This study was conducted to further investigate the potential mechanisms of RpoS on RtxA1 secretion. Read More

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New Atypical Manifestations and Prognostic Factors of Vibrio vulnificus Infection: a 10-Year Retrospective Study.

Jpn J Infect Dis 2021 Nov 30;74(6):549-553. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Burns, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, China.

Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) infection is rare but potentially fatal. This study explored new atypical manifestations and prognostic factors of V. Read More

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November 2021

Effect of Seawater Temperature Increase on the Occurrence of Coastal Cases: Korean National Surveillance Data from 2003 to 2016.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 22;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Public Health, Korea University Graduate School, Seoul 02841, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to assess the association between seawater temperature and cases in coastal regions of Korea. All cases in coastal regions notified to the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency between 2003 and 2016 were included in this work. Data for seawater temperature on the south, west, and east coast during the study period were provided by the Korea Oceanographic Data Center of the National Institute of Fisheries Science. Read More

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The Role of TSC1 in the Macrophages Against Infection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2020 27;10:596609. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

() is an estuarine bacterium that is capable of causing rapidly fatal infection in humans. Proper polarization and bactericidal activity of macrophages play essential roles in defending against invading pathogens. How macrophages limit infection remains not well understood. Read More

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Protective Effects of Chicken Egg Yolk Immunoglobulins (IgYs) against Infections.

J Immunol Res 2021 6;2021:6678513. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Burns, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080 Guangdong Province, China.

( infection is a rare disease whose death rates exceed 50% despite aggressive antibiotic treatment and surgical debridement. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of specific anti- immunoglobulins Y (IgYs) for preventing and treating infections. IgYs were produced by immunizing egg laying hens with inactivated whole cell bacteria. Read More

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September 2021

A Case of Infection Presenting with Fatal Bacterial Encephalitis.

J Clin Neurol 2021 Jan;17(1):128-130

Department of Neurology, Ewha Womans University Seoul Hospital, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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January 2021

The effects of amino acids and fatty acids on the disease resistance of in response to infection.

3 Biotech 2020 Dec 22;10(12):544. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Metabolomics Research Laboratory, Institute of Systems Biology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM, Bangi, Malaysia.

Mass mortality resulting from bacterial infection poses a major problem in the grouper aquaculture industry. The purpose of this study was to profile the metabolites released in challenged fish and to reconstruct the metabolic pathways of brown marble grouper ( in response to infection. Metabolite profiles from control and challenged treatment groups after feeding were determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Read More

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December 2020

An Uncommon Case of Necrotizing Fasciitis and Septic Shock Caused by Infection-Related Freshwater Shrimp Stung.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2020 Nov 23:1534734620973992. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

is a deadly marine pathogen that can cause necrotizing fasciitis, septic shock, and even death in severe cases. The relatively low incidence and atypical early-stage symptoms may hinder many physicians from carrying out surgical intervention effectively, thus leading to an increase of mortality in infected patients. This article reported a patient who developed necrotizing fasciitis and septic shock after the exposure to freshwater shrimp stabbed on the limb. Read More

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November 2020

NLRP3 and mTOR Reciprocally Regulate Macrophage Phagolysosome Formation and Acidification Against Infection.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2020 8;8:587961. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

The marine bacterium causes potentially fatal bloodstream infections, typically in patients with chronic liver diseases. The inflammatory response and anti-bacterial function of phagocytes are crucial for limiting bacterial infection in the human hosts. How affects macrophages after phagocytosis is unclear. Read More

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October 2020

DIDS inhibits Vibrio vulnificus cytotoxicity by interfering with TolC-mediated RtxA1 toxin secretion.

Eur J Pharmacol 2020 Oct 28;884:173407. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Drug Development, Chonnam National University, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) infection, frequently resulting in fatal septicemia, has become a growing health concern worldwide. The present study aimed to explore the potential agents that could protect against V. Read More

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October 2020

Dual expression of transgenic delta-5 and delta-6 desaturase in tilapia alters gut microbiota and enhances resistance to Vibrio vulnificus infection.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(7):e0236601. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), exhibit antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Furthermore, diets rich in n-3 PUFAs are known to improve disease resistance and limit pathogen infection in commercial aquaculture fishes. In this study, we examined the effects of transgenic overexpression of n-3 PUFA biosynthesis genes on the physiological response to bacterial infection in tilapia. Read More

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September 2020

Historical and Clinical Perspective of Infections in Korea.

Infect Chemother 2020 Jun 29;52(2):245-251. Epub 2020 May 29.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

infection was first reported as a necrotizing skin disease of unknown cause in Korea in 1979. In the early days, this disease caused panic across the country due to dreadful wound and its high mortality. Since then, the nature of the disease has become better understood and the overwhelming public fear has dissipated. Read More

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Septicemia, necrotizing fasciitis, and peritonitis due to Vibrio vulnificus treated with early use of polymyxin B hemoperfusion in a patient undergoing CAPD: a case report.

BMC Nephrol 2020 04 9;21(1):127. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Institute of Kidney Disease Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Vibrio vulnificus infection is a rare but fatal foodborne illness. Here, we report a case of Vibrio vulnificus peritonitis followed by severe septicemia in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) who was treated with hemoperfusion using polymyxin B immobilized fiber.

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old man undergoing CAPD was admitted to the emergency room due to general weakness, fever, and abdominal pain with hazy dialysate. Read More

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A 72-Year-Old Man With a Violaceous Rash and Sepsis.

Chest 2020 02;157(2):e41-e45

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Yale-New Haven Health/Bridgeport Hospital, New Haven, CT.

Case Presentation: A 72-year-old man presented to our ED less than 24 hours following the acute onset of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Within 12 hours of symptom onset, he noted bilateral lower extremity pain and swelling. His pain was associated with a new violaceous irregular rash on the anterior aspect of both feet and legs. Read More

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February 2020

Immunization of a novel bivalent outer membrane protein simultaneously resisting Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella anguillarum and Vibrio vulnificus infection in European eels (Angullia angullia).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2020 Feb 14;97:46-57. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Fisheries College of Jimei University/Engineering Research Center of the Modern Industry Technology for Eel. Ministry of Education, Xiamen, 361021, China. Electronic address:

In cultivated European eels, Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella anguillarum and Vibrio vulnificus are three important bacterial pathogens. In this study, European eels (Anguilla anguilla) were immunized by the bivalent expression products of the outer membrane protein (Omp) gene from A. hydrophila (OmpⅡ) and E. Read More

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February 2020

Epidemiology, pathogenetic mechanism, clinical characteristics, and treatment of Vibrio vulnificus infection: a case report and literature review.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2019 Nov 19;38(11):1999-2004. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital Fudan, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 20032, China.

Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the Vibrionaceae family. It represents a deadly opportunistic human pathogen which grows in water with the proper temperature and salinity, and is mostly acquired from seafood eating or direct contact. In susceptible individuals, a traumatic infection could be fatal, causing severe wound infection and even septic shock, and may require amputation. Read More

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November 2019

Vibrio vulnificus Infections From a Previously Nonendemic Area.

Ann Intern Med 2019 10 18;171(7):520-521. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Cooper University Hospital, Camden, New Jersey (L.R., H.F., M.D., K.D.).

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October 2019

Late-onset septicemia without cirrhosis.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2019 Apr 28;32(2):286-288. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonTexas.

Recent surveillance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates rising annual incidence rates of infection. Unfortunately, this infection is often excluded from the differential diagnosis in lesser known at-risk populations. Transmission occurs via wound exposure or ingestion, with foodborne illness having the highest mortality rate of all species. Read More

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Outcomes of Third-Generation Cephalosporin Plus Ciprofloxacin or Doxycycline Therapy in Patients with Vibrio vulnificus Septicemia: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 06 12;13(6):e0007478. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwang-ju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Combination therapy with a third-generation cephalosporin (TGC) and a tetracycline analogue is recommended for Vibrio vulnificus infection. The combination of a TGC and ciprofloxacin has synergistic in vitro bactericidal activity against V. vulnificus. Read More

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The rash that leads to eschar formation.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Mar - Apr;37(2):99-108. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

When confronted with an existent or evolving eschar, the history is often the most important factor used to put the lesion into proper context. Determining whether the patient has a past medical history of significance, such as renal failure or diabetes mellitus, exposure to dead or live wildlife, or underwent a recent surgical procedure, can help differentiate between many etiologies of eschars. Similarly, the patient's overall clinical condition and the presence or absence of fever can allow infectious processes to be differentiated from other causes. Read More

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September 2019

Molecular identification and expression analysis of four Lysin motif (LysM) domain-containing proteins from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2019 Jun 30;89:271-280. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Marine Science and Engineering College, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, 266109, PR China. Electronic address:

Lysin motif (LysM) is involved in chitin, peptidoglycan and other structurally-related oligosaccharides recognition and binding, and it is important for the biological processes of responsing to bacterial and viral infections and pathogen defense. LysM is also a widely spread protein, ranging from prokaryotes to eukaryotes, including bacteria, plants and mammals. However, research of LysM in teleosts especially in marine fish was rarely scarce. Read More

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Molecular identification and function analysis of bactericidal permeability-increasing protein/LPS-binding protein 1 (BPI/LBP1) from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2019 Apr 4;87:499-506. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Marine Science and Engineering College, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, 266109, China; Shandong Key Laboratory of Disease Control in Mariculture, Marine Biology Institute of Shandong Province, 266104, Qingdao, PR China. Electronic address:

Bactericidal permeability-increasing protein (BPI) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) play important roles in host antimicrobial defense. In the present study, we identified one isoform of BPI/LBP gene from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), designated as SmBPI/LBP1. The full-length cDNA sequence of SmBPI/LBP1 was 1826 bp, which encoding one secreted protein with 480 amino acid residues. Read More

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[Bacteria that eat human lurking in the Ariake Sea- infection].

Rinsho Biseibutshu Jinsoku Shindan Kenkyukai Shi 2018 Dec;28(2):49-57

Shida Hospital.

There are currently 76 species of bacteria in the genus , which is a halophilic gram-negative bacillus, 12 of which are pathogenic in humans. It is usually known as a foodborn infectious bacterium related to gastrointestinal tract. develops muscle tissue necrosis of limb and septic shock in 1 to 3 days when infected in patients with liver injury or immune function deterioration and many die from multiple organ dysfunction. Read More

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December 2018