773 results match your criteria Vestibular Neuronitis


Detection of intralabyrinthine abnormalities using post-contrast delayed 3D-FLAIR MRI sequences in patients with acute vestibular syndrome.

Eur Radiol 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Neuroradiology and MRI, Grenoble Alpes University Hospital - SFR RMN Neurosciences, Grenoble, France.

Purpose: 3D-FLAIR sequences with delayed acquisition after contrast medium injection have demonstrated new insights into blood-labyrinthine barrier (BLB) abnormalities in various diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the BLB in patients referred with unilateral acute vestibular syndrome (UAVS).

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective multicenter imaging study, we performed 3D-FLAIR and steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequences 4 h after contrast medium administration in 26 healthy volunteers and in 30 patients with UAVS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5825-0DOI Listing
November 2018

White matter lesions in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in 56 patients with visual vertigo.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Jun;132(6):550-553

Department of Otolaryngology,Sheffield Teaching Hospitals,University of Sheffield,UK.

Background: Visual vertigo is defined as a condition in which there is worsening or triggering of vestibular symptoms in certain visual environments. Previous studies have associated visual vertigo with an increased prevalence of underlying white matter lesions on brain imaging.

Method: This study evaluated the magnetic resonance imaging scans of the brain from a cohort of patients with visual vertigo, and compared the outcomes to an age- and gender-matched group of healthy volunteers. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002221511
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118000701DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Changes of video head impulse test results in lateral semicircular canal plane by different peak head velocities in patients with vestibular neuritis.

Acta Otolaryngol 2018 Sep 17;138(9):785-789. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

d Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center , University of Ulsan , Seoul , Republic of Korea.

Background: The peak head velocity influences on the video head impulse test (vHIT) results, but it has been not known how much the difference is.

Aims: To evaluate the clinical evidence for the superiority of high-velocity compared to low-velocity vHIT.

Material And Methods: vHIT was performed in 30 patients with vestibular neuritis using two peak head velocities (mean 80 vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1481523DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads
0.990 Impact Factor

[Advances in peripheral vestibular diseases with downbeat nystagmus].

Authors:

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(13):1034-1037

Downbeat nystagmus is not rare and usually considered as a central nervous system disease. However, there are a lot of diseases that present with downbeat nystagmus only or downbeat component in nystagmus, including peripheral and central vestibular diseases and Chiari malformations. This review will briefly summarize the vestibulo ocular reflexes and the mechanisms of the downbeat nystagmus with a peripheral origin, and then common vestibular disease such as the anterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, posterior semicircular canal light cupula, Meniere's disease and inferior vestibular neuritis are reviewed. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.13.020DOI Listing
July 2018
14 Reads

[Dizziness and vertigo associated with vestibular neuronitis: the approaches to the diagnostics and treatment].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018;83(3):4-10

N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, 117997.

This article is focused on the peculiar features of diagnostics and treatment of dizziness and vertigo in the patients presenting with vestibular neuronitis. The authors present the detailed overview of various theories concerning etiology and pathogenesis of this condition, describe the methods for its clinical and instrumental diagnostics (including its differential diagnostics from other diseases associated with acute dizziness and vertigo). Special attention is given to the methods of pharmacological and physical rehabilitation of the patients suffering from vestibular neuronitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20188334DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

[Classification of acute vestibular syndrome].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jun;32(11):827-830

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200233, China.

To explore the epidemiological characteristics and to help accomplish accurate diagnosis and treatment strategies by analyzing the composition and clinical features of various diseases with acute constant vertigo.We retrospectively analyzed medical records (including name, sex, age, diabetes, hypertension, history of vertigo, family history, etc.),otoneurological examination, vestibular function tests and radiological examination of patients with acute vestibular syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.11.007DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Cerebellar stroke in adults and children.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;155:301-312

Pediatric Neurology, Inselspital University Children's Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Stroke in older age has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, and an increasing incidence has also been recognized in young adults and children. This chapter deals with stroke occurring in the cerebellum. Cerebellar stroke may present in a completely different way from common stroke syndromes in the anterior cerebral circulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-64189-2.00020-2DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

[Etiological characteristics analysis of 3 137 outpatients with vertigo or dizziness in ENT department].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 May;32(10):758-761

Departmant of ENT, Dalian Medical University Affiliated to Dalian City Center Hospital,Dalian, 116033,China.

To analyze the etiological characteristics of patients in department of ENT with chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness in order to reduce the rate of misdiagnosis and wrong treatment. A total of 3 137 patients in department of ENT with chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness from Sep 2015 to Sep 2017 were included and the etiologies were clarified retrospectively. And in which with any of the 8 kinds of disease including benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV), vestibular neuritis, vestibular migraine (VM), Meiniére disease, recurrent vestibular disease, sudden deafness with vertigo, psychogenic vertigo, posterior circulation ischemia (PCI) together 2 138 patients were further stratified analyzed by gender and age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.10.008DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

[The analysis of the value of spontaneous nystagmus in peripheral vestibular hypofunction].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 May;31(9):678-681

Tianjin Institute of Otolaryngology,Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery,the First Central Hospital of Tianjin.

To study the characteristics and clinical value of spontaneous nystagmus in patients with peripheral vestibular dysfunction.Sixty cases with acute unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction were studied.All were diagnozed as vestibular neuritis(VN) . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.09.007DOI Listing

The functional head impulse test: preliminary data.

J Neurol 2018 Oct 4;265(Suppl 1):35-39. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Computer, Electric and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

The functional head impulse test is a new test of vestibular function based on the ability to recognize the orientation of a Landolt C optotype that briefly appears on a computer screen during passive head impulses imposed by the examiner over a range of head accelerations. Here, we compare its results with those of the video head impulse test on a population of vestibular neuritis patients recorded acutely and after 3 months from symptoms onset. The preliminary results presented here show that while both tests are able to identify the affected labyrinth and to show a recovery of vestibular functionality at 3 months, the two tests are not redundant, but complementary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8910-zDOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

[Isolated vertigo as the first symptom of posterior circulation infarction:reporot of 11 cases].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Apr;32(7):547-550

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces,Beijing,100039,China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with cerebellar and brainstem infarction who initially presented with isolated vertigo to avoid misdiagnosing of this disease.Eleven patients with cerebellar and brainstem infarction who initially presented with isolated vertigo treated in our clinic between January 2014 and September 2017 were reviewed and the clinical characteristics and imaging presentation of the patients were evaluated.Vertigo as the first attack was in 5 cases, recurrent attacks was in 6 cases,10 cases were with vascular risk factors except for 1 case, initially diagnosed as vestibular neuritis was 4 cases, Meniere's disease was 1 case, posterior circulartion ischemia was 1 case,and unknown causes was 5 cases; delayed neurological symptoms and signs occurring was 4 cases, but not in other cases; finally determined by brain MRI as acute cerebellar infarction was 5 cases, brainstem infarction was 5 cases, and concurrent cerebellar and brainstem infarction was 1 case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.07.018DOI Listing

[Analysis of the difference between the results of caloric tests and video head pulse tests in patients with vestibular migraine and vestibular neuritis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 May;32(9):647-652

Department of Neurology ,JingAn District ZhaBei Central Hospital, Shanghai, 200070, China.

To compare the results of caloric tests and video head impulse tests (VHIT) in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) and vestibular neuritis (VN), so as to provide help for the differential diagnosis of the two patients. Retrospectively analyze VM and VN patients within 2 weeks of onset from August 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017 in neurology clinic of the Changzheng Hospital of Second Military Medical University, all patients were examined by caloric tests and VHIT, and the results of the two groups were compared and analyzed.The 40 cases of VM patients, among them, 23 cases were abnormal in caloric test, 17 cases showed unilateral canal paresis, 6 cases showed bilateral weakness, the unilateral abnormality rate was higher than that of bilateral abnormality(<0. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.09.002DOI Listing
May 2018
11 Reads

Diagnoses of Dizziness- and Vertigo-related Disorders in ENT Practices in Germany.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Apr;39(4):474-480

Epidemiology, QuintilesIMS, Frankfurt, Germany.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of dizziness- and vertigo-related diagnoses in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) practices in Germany and the associated demographic characteristics based on data from a representative nationwide practice database.

Method: The study sample included patients from 138 ENT practices in Germany who received dizziness- and vertigorelated diagnoses (ICD-10 code) between January 2012 and December 2015. Collected parameters included age, sex, insurance status, prescribed medication (anatomical therapeutic chemical [ATC] class), and referrals to other specialists and hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001755DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Relationship between sleep quality and dizziness.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(3):e0192705. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea.

Objective: Poor sleep quality has a number of significant negative effects on daytime function. However, few studies have examined sleep quality in patients with dizziness. Here, we investigated the potential association between sleep quality and various types of dizziness. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0192705PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5841657PMC
June 2018
19 Reads

Acute vestibular syndrome: clinical head impulse test versus video head impulse test.

Authors:
Nese Celebisoy

J Neurol 2018 Oct 5;265(Suppl 1):44-47. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Neurology, Ege University Medical School, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

HINTS battery involving head impulse test (HIT), nystagmus, and test of skew is the critical bedside examination to differentiate acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy from posterior circulation stroke (PCS) in acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). The highest sensitivity component of the battery has been reported to be the horizontal HIT, whereas skew deviation is defined as the most specific but non-sensitive sign for PCS. Video-oculography-based HIT (vHIT) may have an additional power in making the differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8804-0DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

The head impulse test as a predictor of videonystagmography caloric test lateralization according to the level of examiner experience: A prospective open-label study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Jan-Feb;97(1-2):16-23

Otoneurology Unit, Lin Medical Center, Rotschild Ave. 35, Haifa 3515209, Israel.

We conducted a study to compare how well the head impulse test (HIT), without and with eye-movement recordings, would predict videonystagmographic (VNG) caloric test lateralization when performed by a resident and an experienced otoneurologist. This prospective, open-label, blinded study was conducted in an ambulatory tertiary care referral center. Our study population was made up of 60 patients-29 men and 31 women, aged 20 to 82 years (mean: 56. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

[The compensation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex during rehabilitation of the patients presenting with vestibular neuritis].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018;83(1):27-31

L.I. Sverzhevskiy Research Institute of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia, 117152.

Aim: The objective of the present study was to elucidate the mechanisms behind the compensation of the vestibular ocular reflex and evaluate the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation in the patients presenting with vestibular neuritis (VN) with the application of the video head-impulse test (vHIT) and the dynamic visual acuity test (DVAT).

Methods: The study included 26 patients with vestibular neuritis whose condition was assessed by scoring based on the dizziness handicap inventory, the dynamic visual acuity test, and the video head-impulse test with the evaluation of saccades and the degree of eye-head movement coordination (gain) before and after the course of vestibular rehabilitation.

Results: The study has demonstrated that the course of vestibular rehabilitation of the patients presenting with vestibular neuritis resulted in a significant decrease in the scores of dizziness estimated based on the dizziness handicap inventory and an improvement of dynamic visual acuity in the case of the complete gain recovery as well as in the case of persisting impairment of the gain and the development of sufficient 'covert' saccade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino201883127-31DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Management of Recurrent Vestibular Neuritis in a Patient Treated for Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Am J Audiol 2018 Mar;27(1):19-24

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center, Nashville, TN.

Purpose: This clinical report is presented to describe how results of vestibular function testing were considered along with other medical history to develop a management plan that was ultimately successful.

Method: The patient underwent audio-vestibular assessment including comprehensive audiogram, videonystagmography, cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, and postural stability testing.

Results: Results from initial testing were most consistent with uncompensated peripheral vestibular dysfunction affecting the right superior vestibular nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2017_AJA-17-0090DOI Listing

Akuter Schwindel: zentral versus peripher.

Authors:
Suzie Diener

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2018 Jan;107(2):87-93

1 Klinik für Neurologie, Kantonsspital St. Gallen.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a002727DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Typical sensory organization test findings and clinical implication in acute vestibular neuritis.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2018 Oct 16;45(5):916-921. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 86 Asanbyeongwon-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: Sensory organization test (SOT) is used to evaluate postural instability. We wanted to characterize the SOT findings in patients with acute vestibular neuritis (VN).

Methods: Eighty-seven patients with VN were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2017.11.018DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

[Emergency diagnosis of the acute vestibular syndrome].

Orv Hetil 2017 Dec;158(51):2029-2040

Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinika, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest.

Introduction And Aim: To diagnose acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) in a prospective study by a new bedside test (providing 1A evidence) based on oculomotor analysis and assessment of hearing loss. To assess the frequency of central and peripheral causes of acute vestibular syndrome in the emergency room. To establish the diagnostic accuracy of acute cranial computed tomography as compared to oculomotor analysis done by video oculography goggles and audiometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2017.30886DOI Listing
December 2017
8 Reads

Feasibility and Effects of a Nursing Intervention for Patients with Peripheral Vestibular Disorders.

Rehabil Nurs 2017 Sep/Oct;42(5):274-281

1 School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Stockholm, Sweden2 Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden3 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden4 Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: To explore the feasibility and possible outcomes of a nursing intervention in patients with peripheral vestibular disorders.

Design: A randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Methods: Thirty-six patients participated in the study: the intervention group (n = 18), who received the intervention, and patients in a control group (n = 18), who received standard care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rnj.261DOI Listing

Misleading signs in acute vertigo.

Pract Neurol 2018 Apr 5;18(2):162-165. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Department of Neurology, Wellington Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.

The acute vestibular syndrome is common and usually has a benign cause. Sometimes, however, even experienced neurologists can find it difficult to determine the cause clinically. Furthermore, neuroimaging is known to be insensitive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2017-001749DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

The Effect of Peripheral Vestibular Recovery on Improvements in Vestibulo-ocular Reflexes and Balance Control After Acute Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Loss.

Otol Neurotol 2017 12;38(10):e531-e538

*Division of Audiology and Neurootology, Department of ORL, University of Basel Hospital, Switzerland †Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Patients with an acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit (aUPVD), presumed to be caused by vestibular neuritis, show asymmetrical vestibular ocular reflexes (VORs) that improve over time. Questions arise regarding how much of the VOR improvement is due to peripheral recovery or central compensation, and whether differences in peripheral recovery influence balance control outcomes.

Methods: Thirty patients were examined at aUPVD onset and 3, 6, and 13 weeks later with four different VOR tests: caloric tests; rotating (ROT) chair tests performed in yaw with angular accelerations of 5 and 20 degrees/s; and video head impulse tests (vHIT) in the yaw plane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001477DOI Listing
December 2017
32 Reads
3 Citations
1.600 Impact Factor

Impaired math achievement in patients with acute vestibular neuritis.

Neuropsychologia 2017 Dec 28;107:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, 3012 Bern, Switzerland; Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Broad cognitive difficulties have been reported in patients with peripheral vestibular deficit, especially in the domain of spatial cognition. Processing and manipulating numbers relies on the ability to use the inherent spatial features of numbers. It is thus conceivable that patients with acute peripheral vestibular deficit show impaired numerical cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.10.032DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

The Differential Diagnosis of Vertigo in Children: A Systematic Review of 2726 Cases.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

From the Department of Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Objectives: Vertigo is a relatively common complaint in children with 5.3% of pediatric patients complaining of this symptom. Although the causes of vertigo have been well established in adults, the diagnoses in children have not been well described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001281DOI Listing
October 2017
1 Read

Clinical and video head impulse test in the diagnosis of posterior circulation stroke presenting as acute vestibular syndrome in the emergency department.

J Vestib Res 2017 ;27(4):233-242

Department of Neurology, Ege University School of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Head impulse test (HIT) is the critical bedside examination which differentiates vestibular neuritis (VN) from posterior circulation stroke (PCS) in acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). Video-oculography based HIT (vHIT) may have aadditional strength in making the differentiation.

Methods: Patients admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary-care medical center with AVS were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/VES-170620DOI Listing
June 2018
19 Reads

Dominant foot could affect the postural control in vestibular neuritis perceived by dynamic body balance.

Gait Posture 2018 01 4;59:157-161. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Department Otorhinolaryngology, Toho University, Sakura City, Japan.

During attacks of vestibular neuritis (VN), patients typically lose postural balance, with resultant postural inclination, gait deviation toward the lesion side, and tendency to fall. In this study, we examined and analyzed static and dynamic postural control during attacks of VN to characterize differences in postural control between right and left VN. Subjects were patients diagnosed with VN at the Department of Otolaryngology, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, and underwent in-patient treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.10.001DOI Listing
January 2018

Inpatient Treatment of Patients Admitted for Dizziness: A Population-Based Healthcare Research Study on Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcome.

Otol Neurotol 2017 12;38(10):e460-e469

*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, Jena †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Zentralklinikum, Suhl ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Südharz-Krankenhaus gGmbH, Nordhausen §Department of Otorhinolaryngology, HELIOS-Klinikum, Erfurt ||Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sophien/Hufeland-Klinikum, Weimar ¶Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Klinikum Bad Salzungen, Bad Salzungen #Department of Otorhinolaryngology, SRH Wald-Klinikum, Gera **Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ilm-Kreis-Kliniken, Arnstadt ††Hans Berger Department of Neurology, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.

Objective: To determine inpatient treatment rates of patients with dizziness with focus on diagnostics, treatment and outcome.

Study Design: Retrospective population-based study.

Setting: Inpatients in the federal state Thuringia in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001568DOI Listing
December 2017
14 Reads

Vertigo in Vestibular Schwannoma Patients Due to Other Pathologies.

Otol Neurotol 2017 12;38(10):e457-e459

*Division of Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery †Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California.

Objective: To report findings from a cohort of vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients presenting with vertigo from a secondary comorbid vestibular disorder; and to discuss management strategies for this subset of patients presenting with both episodic vertigo and VS.

Patients: All VS patients who presented with vertigo as the primary symptom from 2012 to 2015 and endorsing no other major complaints were examined.

Intervention: Treatment with migraine lifestyle and prophylactic therapy, or Epley maneuver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082136PMC
December 2017
17 Reads

Video Head Impulse Test for Early Diagnosis of Vestibular Neuritis Among Acute Vertigo.

Can J Neurol Sci 2017 Sep;44(5):556-561

1Department of Neurology,Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital,School of Medicine,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,China.

Background: This study assesses the value of the video head impulse test (vHIT) for early diagnosis of vestibular neuritis (VN) among acute vertigo.

Methods: Thirty-three cases of vestibular neuritis (VN), 96 patients with other acute vertigo (AV), and 50 cases of normal controls used vHIT to quantitatively test a pair of horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflection (VOR) gains, two pairs of vertical VOR gains, and the corresponding three pairs of VOR gain asymmetry. The peculiarity of VOR gains in VN and the differences between VN and other AV, normal controls by vHIT, were collected and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2017.202DOI Listing
September 2017
21 Reads

Treatment of peripheral vestibular dysfunction using photobiomodulation.

J Biomed Opt 2017 Aug;22(8):1-7

Dankook University College of Medicine, Department Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and Beckman, Republic of Korea.

Gentamicin, which is still used in modern medicine, is a known vestibular toxic agent, and various degrees of balance problems have been observed after exposure to this pharmacologic agent. Photobiomodulation is a candidate therapy for vertigo due to its ability to reach deep inner ear organs such as the cochlea. Previous reports have suggested that photobiomodulation can improve hearing and cochlea function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.8.088001DOI Listing
August 2017
4 Reads

Clinical Characteristics of Benign Recurrent Vestibulopathy: Clearly Distinctive From Vestibular Migraine and Menière's Disease?

Otol Neurotol 2017 10;38(9):e357-e363

*Apeldoorn Dizziness Centre, Gelre Hospital, Apeldoorn †Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: We aimed to systematically investigate the clinical characteristics of benign recurrent vestibulopathy (BRV), vestibular migraine (VM), and Menière's disease (MD) and to assess whether clinical symptoms exist that are unique to BRV.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001553DOI Listing
October 2017
29 Reads

A new preprocessing parameter estimation based on geodesic active contour model for automatic vestibular neuritis diagnosis.

Artif Intell Med 2017 07 23;80:48-62. Epub 2017 Jul 23.

University of Tunis, The National Engineering School of Tunis (ENSIT), Laboratory of Signal Image and Energy Mastery, LR13ES03 (SIME), Tunis, Tunisia. Electronic address:

The diagnostic of the vestibular neuritis (VN) presents many difficulties to traditional assessment methods This paper deals with a fully automatic VN diagnostic system based on nystagmus parameter estimation using a pupil detection algorithm. A geodesic active contour model is implemented to find an accurate segmentation region of the pupil. Hence, the novelty of the proposed algorithm is to speed up the standard segmentation by using a specific mask located on the region of interest. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09333657163059
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.artmed.2017.07.005DOI Listing
July 2017
5 Reads

Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Patients With Vestibular Neuritis.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 Aug;126(8):597-601

4 Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Assuta University Hospital, Ashdod, Israel and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Faculty of Health Sciences.

Objective: To investigate the correlation between cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and vestibular neuritis (VN) in hospitalized adult patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary hospital setting. The medical records of patients (aged over 18 years old) who were hospitalized between the years 2005 and 2014 with the diagnosis of VN were retrieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489417718846DOI Listing
August 2017
4 Reads

Acute evaluation of the acute vestibular syndrome: differentiating posterior circulation stroke from acute peripheral vestibulopathies.

Intern Med J 2017 Dec;47(12):1352-1360

Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

This review article aims to provide an evidence-based approach to evaluating the patient who presents with acute prolonged, spontaneous vertigo in the context of the acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). Differentiation of posterior circulation stroke (PCS) presenting as an AVS has been regarded as an important diagnostic challenge for physicians involved in acute care. Current evidence suggests that a targeted approach to history taking and physical examination with emphasis on the oculomotor examination, more specifically the HINTS (Head Impulse/Nystagmus/Test-of-skew) examination battery, yields a higher sensitivity for the diagnosis of PCS than even standard magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.13552DOI Listing
December 2017
20 Reads

[Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: modern concepts of its etiology and pathogenesis].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2017;82(3):75-79

L.I. Sverzhevsky Research and Clinical Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia, 117152.

The objective of the present review of the literature is the analysis of the currently available data concerning etiology and pathogenesis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The special emphasis is placed on the modern hypotheses of BPPV formation that collectively account for not more than 15% of all known cases of this condition. The best explored are the following causes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: vestibular neuronitis, head injuries, and disorders in the middle ear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino201782375-79DOI Listing
September 2017

Association of posterior semicircular canal hypofunction on video-head-impulse testing with other vestibulo-cochlear deficits.

Clin Neurophysiol 2017 08 17;128(8):1532-1541. Epub 2017 May 17.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives: The video-head-impulse test (vHIT) provides a functional assessment of all six semicircular canals (SCC). Occasionally isolated loss of the posterior canal(s) (ILPC) is diagnosed, though this finding is poorly characterized. Here we assessed how accurate that diagnosis is by measuring the co-occurrence of abnormalities on caloric irrigation, vestibular-evoked myogenic-potentials and audiometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2017.04.029DOI Listing
August 2017
6 Reads

Vestibular Restoration and Adaptation in Vestibular Neuritis and Ramsay Hunt Syndrome With Vertigo.

Otol Neurotol 2017 08;38(7):e203-e208

*Department of Otolaryngology †Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Getafe, Madrid ‡Otolaryngology Unit ORL Gipuzkoa, Quiron-Donostia Clinic, San Sebastián, Spain.

Objective: To evaluate vestibular restoration and the evolution of the compensatory saccades in acute severe inflammatory vestibular nerve paralysis, including vestibular neuritis and Ramsay Hunt syndrome with vertigo.

Study Design: Prospective.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001468DOI Listing
August 2017
6 Reads

Acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy in neurosyphilis.

J Neurol Sci 2017 Jul 23;378:55-58. Epub 2017 Apr 23.

Neurology Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Neurosyphilis producing basal meningitis presenting as sequential transient cranial nerve palsies was well recognized before the antibiotic era.

Objective: To report two patients presenting with acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy due to syphilitic basal meningitis.

Results: In Case 1 basal meningitis occurred early in the secondary phase of the infection, in Case 2 in the late latent phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2017.04.038DOI Listing
July 2017
17 Reads

Effects of Saccular Function on Recovery of Subjective Dizziness After Vestibular Rehabilitation.

Otol Neurotol 2017 08;38(7):1017-1023

*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang †Department of Medicine, The Graduate School, Yonsei University ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul §Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inje University College of Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang ||The Airway Mucus Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: We attempted to investigate whether the integrity of saccular function influences the severity of subjective dizziness after vestibular rehabilitation in vestibular neuritis.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001467DOI Listing
August 2017
12 Reads

Epidemiology of Dizzy Patient Population in a Neurotology Clinic and Predictors of Peripheral Etiology.

Otol Neurotol 2017 07;38(6):870-875

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas.

Objective: To compare the proportion of peripheral versus nonperipheral dizziness etiologies among all patients, inclusive of those presenting primarily or as referrals, to rank diagnoses in order of frequency, to determine whether or not age and sex predict diagnosis, and to determine which subgroups tended to undergo formal vestibular testing.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort.

Setting: Academic neurotology clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001429DOI Listing
July 2017
36 Reads
1.600 Impact Factor

Postural stability in a population of dancers, healthy non-dancers, and vestibular neuritis patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2017 Sep 9;137(9):952-956. Epub 2017 May 9.

a Department of Otolaryngology , University Hospital of Getafe , Madrid , Spain.

Introduction: Several studies have indicated better balance control in dancers than in control participants, but some controversy remains. The aim of our study is to evaluate the postural stability in a cohort of dancers, non-dancers, compensated, and non-compensated unilateral vestibular neuritis (VN).

Methods: This is a prospective study of control subjects, dancers, and VN patients between June 2009 and December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.1322711DOI Listing
September 2017
14 Reads

Differential Involvement during Latent Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Infection of the Superior and Inferior Divisions of the Vestibular Ganglia: Implications for Vestibular Neuritis.

J Virol 2017 07 26;91(14). Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Department of Psychiatry, University Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.

Controversy still surrounds both the etiology and pathophysiology of vestibular neuritis (VN). Especially uncertain is why the superior vestibular nerve (SVN) is more frequently affected than the inferior vestibular nerve (IVN), which is partially or totally spared. To address this question, we developed an improved method for preparing human vestibular ganglia (VG) and nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00331-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5487553PMC
July 2017
9 Reads

[Video head impulse test for evaluation of vestibular function in patients with vestibular neuritis and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo].

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2017 Jan;46(1):52-58

Department of Neurology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310020, China.

To assess the clinical application of video head impulse test (vHIT) for vestibular function in vestibular neuritis (VN) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. Thirty-three patients with VN and 43 patients with BPPV were enrolled from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Ningbo Second Hospital from March 15 to September 10, 2015; and 50 healthy controls were also enrolled in the study. vHIT was used to quantitatively test the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains of a pair of horizontal semicircular canals. Read More

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January 2017
11 Reads

[The diagnosis, treatment and aviation medicine identification of vestibular neuronitis].

Authors:
Z X Wang X R Xu

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Apr;31(8):650-653

estibular neuronitis is one of the leading causes of peripheral vertigo. Inflammation confined to the vestibular system, and the cochlear, central nervous system and hearing are normal. The disease may be associated with viral infections, but the virus serological positive rate is not high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.08.022DOI Listing

Final diagnosis of patients with clinically suspected vestibular neuritis showing normal caloric response.

J Clin Neurosci 2017 Jul 13;41:107-110. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Vestibular neuritis is one of the most common peripheral causes of acute vestibular syndrome, of which the diagnosis is generally based on a comprehensive interpretation of clinical and laboratory findings following reasonable exclusion of other disorders. This study aimed to investigate the final diagnosis of patients admitted to hospital under the clinical impression of vestibular neuritis who showed no unilateral caloric paresis. Forty-five patients who visited the emergency department with isolated acute spontaneous vertigo were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.02.064DOI Listing
July 2017
13 Reads

Efficacy of steroid therapy based on symptomatic and functional improvement in patients with vestibular neuritis: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jun 8;274(6):2443-2451. Epub 2017 Apr 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, 88 Olympicro-43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, South Korea.

The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of methylprednisolone in vestibular neuritis (VN) by objective and subjective measures. This prospective controlled randomized study was conducted at one tertiary hospital. Twenty-nine VN patients were randomized to either the steroid (n = 15) or the control (n = 14) group. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-017-4556-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-017-4556-1DOI Listing
June 2017
22 Reads

Diagnosis and Treatment of Vestibular Neuritis/Neuronitis or Peripheral Vestibulopathy (PVP)? Open Questions and Possible Answers.

Otol Neurotol 2017 06;38(5):626-631

*Balance-Clinic †Faculty of Medicine, Zurich University ‡Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), Zürich, Switzerland §Universitäts-HNO-Klinik Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.

: The acute vestibular syndrome is a clinically defined entity consisting of vertigo or dizziness that develops acutely over minutes to hours and is accompanied by nausea/vomiting, gait instability, head motion intolerance, and nystagmus, while persisting over a day or more. When it is caused by a peripheral vestibular lesion and is not associated with clinically manifest auditory deficits, it is mostly labeled vestibular neuritis/neuronitis/neuropathy or sometimes peripheral vestibulopathy. Here, we propose hypotheses and discuss current research advances on viral or vascular factors in the pathogenesis, the recurrence, the site of lesion, old and new treatment options, contraindicated measures, the differential diagnosis, and the prognosis of vestibular neuritis/neuronitis/neuropathy or vestibulopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001396DOI Listing
June 2017
2 Reads