Int Urogynecol J 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.
The Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Suite 7416, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-9178, USA.
Introduction And Hypothesis: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is an abnormal communication between the bladder and the vagina. Complex fistulae include those after failed repair attempts, radiotherapy, measuring ≥ 2 cm, located in the trigone, or with concomitant ureteric strictures or fistulae. We aimed to describe a technique for the robotic repair of a complex VVF using a vaginal cuff flap. Read More