5,448 results match your criteria Vesicoureteral Reflux Imaging

Neonatal Renal Failure in the Setting of Anorectal Malformation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 May 12;13(5):e14984. Epub 2021 May 12.

Pediatric Surgery, University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, USA.

Anorectal malformations (ARMs) can occur in isolation or in association with other anomalies, most commonly those of the genitourinary systems. Morbidity and mortality are highest among patients who develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) either from severe congenital anomalies (dysplastic kidneys) or from repeated infections in those who have vesicoureteral reflux or persistent recto-urinary fistulas. We describe our management strategy for a patient born with an ARM and bilateral dysplastic kidneys to highlight the nuances and complex decision-making considerations required in taking care of this complex patient population. Read More

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Endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children with two different bulking agents, high success and low complication rates: comparison of Dexell and Vantris.

Actas Urol Esp 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Departamento de Cirugía Pediátrica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Sütçü İmam, Kahramanmaraş, Turquía.

Introduction And Objectives: To compare the results in terms of efficacy and safety of the endoscopic management for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in two different standardized primary VUR cohorts treated with Dexell and Vantris.

Patients: 128 refluxing renal units (RRU) in 87 patients with primary VUR (64 females, 23 males). Patients with secondary VUR and severe bladder and bowel dysfunction were excluded. Read More

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Pediatric contrast-enhanced ultrasound: shedding light on the pursuit of approval in the United States.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.

For two decades, pediatric contrast US has been well accepted throughout Europe and other parts of the world outside the United States because of its high diagnostic efficacy and extremely favorable safety profile. This includes intravenous (IV) administration, contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) and the intravesical application, contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ceVUS). However, the breakthrough for pediatric contrast US in the United States did not come until 2016, when the U. Read More

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Diagnosis and management of community-acquired urinary tract infection in infants and children: Clinical guidelines endorsed by the Saudi Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (SPIDS).

Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med 2021 Jun 11;8(2):57-67. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Children Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial disease in childhood worldwide and may have significant adverse consequences, particularly for young children. In this guideline, we provide the most up-to-date information for the diagnosis and management of community-acquired UTI in infants and children aged over 90 days up to 14 years. The current recommendations given by the American Academy of Pediatrics Practice guidelines, Canadian Pediatric Society guideline, and other international guidelines are considered as well as regional variations in susceptibility patterns and resources. Read More

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Long-term effectiveness and safety of bladder augmentation in spina bifida patients.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Urology, San Juan University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.

Aims: To establish the long-term efficacy and safety of bladder augmentation in spina bifida patients.

Material And Methods: Sixteen patients were operated on using the Bramble technique. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included clinical history, blood tests, urine cultures, cystography, pyelography, ultrasound, and filling cystometry. Read More

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Pyelonephritis in Pediatric Uropathic Patients: Differences from Community-Acquired Ones and Therapeutic Protocol Considerations. A 10-Year Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Children (Basel) 2021 May 23;8(6). Epub 2021 May 23.

Pediatric Surgery Department, IRCCS Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, via Massarenti 11, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Pyelonephritis (PN) represents an important cause of morbidity in the pediatric population, especially in uropathic patients. The aim of the study is to demonstrate differences between PNs of uropathic patients and PNs acquired in community in terms of uropathogens involved and antibiotic sensitivity; moreover, to identify a proper empiric therapeutic strategy. A retrospective study was conducted on antibiograms on urine cultures from PNs in vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) patients admitted to pediatric surgery department and from PNs in not VUR patients admitted to Pediatric Emergency Unit between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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Pneumovesicoscopic correction of primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. - Our Initial experience.

J Endourol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Hopital Militaire Ain Naadja, 484654, Kouba, Alger, Algeria;

Purpose The main objective of our prospective,descriptive,monocentric,longitudinal study is to demonstrate the feasibility of vesicoscopic cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation under CO2 pneumovesicum in treatment on primary vesicoureteral reflux,analyze results and specify the age limit of this approach.

Methods: A total of 60 patients underwent transvesicoscopic ureteral reimplantation (33 boys, 27 girls) by the same surgeon from Mai 2011 to Mai 2015. All patients had primary vesicoureteral reflux,and surgery was performed because of breakthrough urinary tract infection despite antibiotic prophylaxis, persistent high grade of vesicoureteral reflux especially in association with significant renal scarring, mean age at operation was 47. Read More

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Responsible genes in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux: findings from the Chinese Children Genetic Kidney Disease Database.

World J Pediatr 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, National Children's Medical Center, 399 Wan Yuan Road, Shanghai, 201102, People's Republic of China.

Background: Primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common congenital anomaly of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) in childhood. The present study identified the possible genetic contributions to primary VUR in children.

Methods: Patients with primary VUR were enrolled and analysed based on a national multi-center registration network (Chinese Children Genetic Kidney Disease Database, CCGKDD) that covered 23 different provinces/regions in China from 2014 to 2019. Read More

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Re: Can we predict vesicoureteral reflux resolution in patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction?

Int J Urol 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Urology, Erciyes University Medical School, Kayseri, Turkey.

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Long-Term Renal Transplant Outcome in Patients With Posterior Urethral Valves. Prognostic Factors Related to Bladder Dysfunction Management.

Front Pediatr 2021 11;9:646923. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain.

To obtain a successful renal transplant (RT) outcome in patients with posterior urethral valves (PUV), it is necessary to accomplish an adequate bladder dysfunction treatment. Our aim was to determine prognostic factors related to bladder dysfunction management in long-term RT outcome in patients with PUV. A retrospective review of patients with PUV who received a first RT after 1985 in our institution with at least 5 years of follow-up was performed. Read More

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Risk Factors Predicting Upper Urinary Tract Damage in Patients With Myelodysplasia: Data Analysis of 637 Cases From a Single Center.

Int Neurourol J 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Urology, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Rehabilitation School of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Purpose: To determine the risk factors predicting upper urinary tract (UUT) damage using a grading system for upper urinary tract dilation (UUTD) and a descriptive system for all urinary tract dysfunction (AUTD) in patients with myelodysplasia.

Methods: Six hundred thirty-seven patients with myelodysplasia were evaluated at our center from January 2008 to November 2019. Clinical data, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance urography (MRU), and video-urodynamics (VUDS) parameters were collected. Read More

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Reply by authors on Comment on 'A scoring system for predicting resolution of High-grade infant vesicoureteral reflux'.

Acta Paediatr 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

The Paediatric Uronephrologic Center, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

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Comment on 'A scoring system for predicting downgrading and resolution of high-grade infant vesicoureteral reflux'.

Acta Paediatr 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Urology, Erciyes University Medical School, Kayseri, Turkey.

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Transient Pseudohypoaldosteronism Secondary to Group B Streptococcus Pyelonephritis.

Cureus 2021 May 17;13(5):e15071. Epub 2021 May 17.

Pediatrics, Children Center, Matsudo City General Hospital, Matsudo, JPN.

Secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism is a condition characterized by aldosterone resistance in renal tubules. It is highly associated with urinary tract infection and urinary tract malformations. Only a few cases of pseudohypoaldosteronism secondary to group B pyelonephritis have been reported to date. Read More

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Protein expression in vesicoureteral reflux: What about children?

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Gazi University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Section of Pediatric Urology, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: Pathogenesis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) which concerns improper embryonal ureteric bud development still remains controversial, despite current studies have revealed several candidate genes. In this study, we aimed to determine the protein expression of certain genes which might play role in the pathogenesis of VUR, in the resected ureterovesical junction segments.

Methods: The study group consisted of 19 children; 12(63%) girls, 7(37%) boys who had ureteroneocystostomy (UNC) operation; 3(15. Read More

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Large congenital bladder diverticula in children.

Urologia 2021 May 20:3915603211015039. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Health Sciences, İzmir Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: Large congenital bladder diverticula (LCBD), congenital bladder diverticula (CBD) larger than 2 cm diameter, is a rare anomaly. The aim of this study was to report long-term surgical and clinical outcomes of children with LCBD.

Methods: Medical charts of all children who were diagnosed with LCBD at our institution between April 2005 and December 2017, with at least 2 year follow-up were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Hyaluronan, a double-edged sword in kidney diseases.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Laboratory for Regenerative Tissue Repair, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Over the years, hyaluronic acid (HA) has emerged as an important molecule in nephrological and urological studies involving extracellular matrix (ECM) organization, inflammation, tissue regeneration, and viral sensing. During this time, many have noted the perplexing double-edged nature of the molecule, at times promoting pro-fibrotic events and at other times promoting anti-fibrotic events. Different molecular weights of HA can be attributed to these disparities, though most studies have yet to focus on this subtlety. Read More

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Recurrent Febrile Urinary Tract Infections in a Five-Year-Old Girl.

Cureus 2021 Apr 11;13(4):e14412. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Urology, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, POL.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections of childhood and in pediatric urology. Medical history, examination findings, and clinical course usually vary with the patient's age. Hence, there are no specific clinical features that are strictly associated with UTI in infants or children. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of transplant organs - liver and kidney - in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Children's Hospital, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Ultrasound (US) is the first-line imaging tool for evaluating liver and kidney transplants during and after the surgical procedures. In most patients after organ transplantation, gray-scale US coupled with color/power and spectral Doppler techniques is used to evaluate the transplant organs, assess the patency of vascular structures, and identify potential complications. In technically difficult or inconclusive cases, however, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can provide prompt and accurate diagnostic information that is essential for management decisions. Read More

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Heparin coating in biodegradable ureteral stents does not decrease bacterial colonization-assessment in ureteral stricture endourological treatment in animal model.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Apr;10(4):1700-1710

Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre, Cáceres, Spain.

Background: We assessed an antireflux biodegradable heparin-coated ureteral stent (BraidStent-H) in an animal model comparative study after endoscopic treatment of ureteral strictures.

Methods: A total of 24 female pigs underwent initial endoscopic, nephrosonographic, and contrast fluoroscopy assessment of the urinary tract. Afterward, unilateral laparoscopic ureteral stricture model was performed. Read More

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Clinical practice in vesicoureteral reflux with respect to EAU guidelines: A multicenter study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 9:e14339. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: We designed a multicenter, retrospective study to investigate the current trends in initial management of reflux with respect to European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines in Urology clinics of our country.

Materials And Methods: The study group consisted of 1988 renal units (RU) of 1345 patients treated surgically due to vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) (between years 2003 and 2017) in nine different institutions. Patients were divided into two groups according to time of initial treatment and also grouped according to risk factors by "EAU guidelines on VUR. Read More

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[Diagnosis and surgical treatment of hypospadia in girls].

A E Soloviev

Urologiia 2021 May(2):78-81

Ryazan State Medical University, Ryazan, Russia.

Aim: To suggest new method of surgical correction of hypospadias in girls.

Materials And Methods: For 50 years under our supervision there were 220 girls diagnosed with hypospadias of various forms. In the diagnosis used anamnesis, examination, catheterization and cystoscopy of the bladder, vaginoscopy, ultrasound and X-ray research methods. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography in the assessment of vesical-ureteral reflux: the time has come.

Radiol Med 2021 Jul 5;126(7):901-909. Epub 2021 May 5.

Section of Radiological Sciences, Department of Biomedical, Dental Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, "G. Martino" Policlinic, Via Consolare Valeria 1, 98100, Messina, Italy.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a pathological condition contradistinguished by monolateral or bilateral retrograde flow of urine from the bladder to the ureter and to the kidney. If not properly recognized and treated, VUR can potentially be associated to several complications such as recurrent infections and possible secondary scars with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Furthermore, it represents an important risk factor for nephrovascular hypertension. Read More

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Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux Detected After Renal Transplant in Pediatric Patients: A Single-Center Experience.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun 6;19(6):545-552. Epub 2021 May 6.

From the Department of Urology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Objective: In children who undergo renal transplant, vesicoureteral reflux on the transplanted kidney is a serious complication that may result in organ loss. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the results of endoscopic and open surgical techniques in the treatment of patients with recurrent urinary tract infections and vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplant.

Material And Methods: The files of pediatric patients who underwent renal transplant in our hospital between January 2016 and January 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. Read More

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Assessment of the Grades of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Stented Ureters: An Experimental Study.

Urol Int 2021 May 5:1-6. Epub 2021 May 5.

Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre, Cáceres, Spain.

Introduction: The aim of this experimental study is to assess, in a porcine model, the onset and grades of vesicoureteral reflux associated with ureteral stents.

Methods: Twenty-four female porcine models were used. A 4. Read More

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Global research productivity and publication trends in vesicoureteral reflux: a bibliometric analysis.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

Background: To make a holistic, comprehensive analysis of scientific publications on the subject of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) between 1980 and 2019 using bibliometric methods, and by determining global research trends, to establish an important resource for future studies.

Methods: All the scientific documents were accessed which had the key word "vesicoureteral reflux" in the "Title" section in the Web of Science (WoS) database between 1980 and 2019. Using bibliometric methods, articles related to VUR (access date:20. Read More

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Is endothelial glycocalyx damage a cause of renal scarring in vesicoureteral reflux with febrile urinary tract infection?

Nephrol Ther 2021 Jun 30;17(3):175-179. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Hacettepe University, School of medicine, Department of urology, Turkey.

Introduction: Endothelial glycocalyx is a luminal layer which can be damaged by inflammatory agents or pathogens. The endothelial glycocalyx damage is thought to have a role in the formation of renal scars in children who have febrile urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux. This study aimed to compare the blood levels of endothelial glycocalyx components heparan sulfate and Syndecan-1 in children with and without renal scarring due to vesicoureteral reflux-associated febrile urinary tract infection. Read More

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Surgical technique of uretero-ileal anastomosis in patients with bilateral duplex ureters undergoing radical cystectomy and ileal conduit urinary diversion: initial experience.

Acta Chir Belg 2021 Jun 7:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Urology, Clinical Centre of Montenegro, Ljubljanska bb, Podgorica, Montenegro.

Background: We present a simple technique for construction of wide ureteral plate, consisting of four ureters, incorporated in ureteroileal anastomosis of ileal conduit urinary diversion.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of six cases of ureteral duplication (five bilateral and one unilateral) and muscle-invasive bladder cancer, treated with radical cystectomy and ileal conduit diversion, at our institution from 2015 to 2020. Briefly, our technique includes construction of wide ureteral plate, consisting of four ureters from two separate ureteral units, after previous construction of right and left ureteral plates for each unit, according to the standard Wallace technique. Read More

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Video-Based Coaching: An Efficient Learning and Teaching Modality for Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology Training Program.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 May 26;31(5):594-597. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II," Naples, Italy.

The development of integrated multimedia operating rooms has made possible to record surgical procedures mainly in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and robotic surgery. This modality of video storage allows the trainees to study surgical procedures based on video analysis. The aim of this study is to compare two learning methods of surgical procedures, operative textbooks and video-based coaching, in a group of 10 pediatric surgery trainees. Read More

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Antireflux endoscopic injection therapy in post-pubertal patients via techniques adopted for the dilated ureteral orifice: a retrospective single-center study.

BMC Urol 2021 Apr 24;21(1):70. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, 467-8601, Japan.

Background: To investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic injection therapy for vesicoureteral reflux in post-pubertal patients with dilated ureteral orifice via modified hydrodistension implantation techniques.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records including operational procedure and clinical course of all consecutive patients over 12 years old with a history of injection therapy. Endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer was performed under hydrodistension implantation technique with some modifications in order to inject through dilated ureteral orifice align with the intramural ureter. Read More

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