18,576 results match your criteria Vermiform Appendix


Appendiceal fibroma in an Amyand's hernia mimicking a supernumerary testis: a case report.

Trop Doct 2020 Jul 9:49475520937109. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Associate Professor/Consultant Urologist, Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Amyand's hernia describes the presence of an appendix within the sac of an inguinal hernia. Both an inflamed and non-inflamed appendix within the hernia sac have been reported in the literature with various recommendations on approach to management. However, a tumour of the appendix is a rare finding in an Amyand's hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475520937109DOI Listing

Modelling of self-management in schizophrenia: The role of neurocognition, self-efficacy, and motivation.

J Clin Nurs 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Nursing, Peking Union Medical College, 33 Ba Da Chu Rd, Beijing, 100144, China.

Aims And Objectives: This study aimed to address the interrelationships among neurocognition, self-efficacy, motivation, and self-management in individuals with schizophrenia.

Background: Self-management performance of individuals with schizophrenia is relatively poor. The effect of neurocognitive impairment on self-management in schizophrenia remains inconsistent, which may be attributed to the neglect of possible mediating factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15407DOI Listing

Case of anisakiasis presenting as an Amyand hernia.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jul 8;13(7). Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Surgery, WellSpan Good Samaritan Hospital, Lebanon, Pennsylvania, USA.

This is a case of a 31-year-old male patient who presented with signs and symptoms of an incarcerated inguinal hernia. The patient's preoperative imaging showed a tubular structure in the inguinal canal and given the patient's history at presentation, there was a concern for herniation of the appendix, known as an Amyand hernia. On laparoscopy, there was no evidence of appendiceal involvement and a standard open inguinal hernia was completed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-234822DOI Listing

Impact of the metal-to-artery ratio on clinical outcomes in left main and nonleft main bifurcation: insights the RAIN-CARDIOGROUP VII study (veRy thin stents for patients with left mAIn or bifurcatioN in real life).

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Structural Interventional Cardiology, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: The impact on clinical outcomes of the metal coverage on the coronary surface (namely the metal-to-artery ratio) of currently used drug-eluting stents (DESs) has not been defined.

Methods: All patients with a left main or bifurcation stenosis treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using ultrathin stents (struts thinner than 81 μm) were enrolled with a prospective multicentre fashion. The rate of device-oriented endpoint [DOE, defined as a composite of target lesion revascularization (TLR) and stent thrombosis] was the primary endpoint, while its single components were the secondary ones, evaluated according to the metal-to-artery ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2459/JCM.0000000000001010DOI Listing

Treatment outcomes of acute appendicitis and associated factors among admitted patients with a diagnosis of acute abdomen in Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Amhara Region, North West Ethiopia.

J Perioper Pract 2020 Jul 8:1750458920928473. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Appendicitis is an inflammation of the vermiform appendix and is one of the most common causes of an acute abdomen in young adults. If left untreated, it can lead to appendiceal abscess, perforation and peritonitis.

Objective: To assess treatment outcomes of acute appendicitis and associated factors among admitted patients with a diagnosis of acute abdomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1750458920928473DOI Listing

Surgical management of appendiceal mucinous neoplasm: Is appendectomy sufficient?

J Surg Oncol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Background And Objectives: Due to the rarity of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (AMNs), there are few established treatment guidelines. The clinical course varies from incidental detection to progressive spread with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). This study investigated the extent of resection on the prognosis and outcomes of AMNs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.26108DOI Listing

Appendicular neoplasms and consequences in patients undergoing surgery for suspected acute appendicitis.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: In patients treated with an appendectomy for acute appendicitis, the specimen is generally sent for histological evaluation. In an era of increasing non-operative treatment for acute appendicitis, it is important to know the incidence, the diagnostic accuracy, and treatment consequences of appendicular neoplasms that are found in acute appendicitis. We hypothesize that pre- and intra-operative parameters might predict an appendicular neoplasm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-020-03673-0DOI Listing

Risk of irritable bowel syndrome in patients who underwent appendectomy: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

EClinicalMedicine 2020 Jun 20;23:100383. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Rheumatology, BenQ Medical Center, The Affiliated BenQ Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Appendectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures; however, the possible long-term consequences have not been fully explored. The appendix has been associated with microflora of the gut and immune functions. However, literature examining the relationship between prior appendectomy and the risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329725PMC

National survey of radiation oncologists' practice patterns regarding hormone-naïve prostate cancer with bone metastases.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Tenri Yorozu Hospital, Tenri, Japan.

Objective: To explore radiation oncologists' attitudes and practice patterns of radiotherapy for hormone-naïve prostate cancer with bone metastases in Japan.

Methods: An internet-based survey was distributed to board-certified radiation oncologists of the Japanese Society of Radiation Oncology. Three hypothetical cases were assumed: hormone-naïve prostate cancer with single, three or multiple non-symptomatic bone metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyaa111DOI Listing

Evaluation of Preoperative Clinical and Serological Determinations in Complicated Acute Appendicitis: A Score for Predicting Complicated Appendicitis.

Cir Esp 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, España.

Background: To analyze whether clinical and analytical parameters differ according to histopathology in cases of acute appendicitis (AA).

Methods: This is a retrospective, observational study including patients (>14 years of age) admitted for suspicion of AA from 1 April 2014 to 31 July 2016. Histopathology was divided into complicated (including perforated and gangrenous AA) and uncomplicated appendicitis (phlegmonous). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.05.031DOI Listing

Preoperative appendix diameter obtained by computerized tomography scanning predicts conversion from laparoscopic to open appendectomy.

Niger J Clin Pract 2020 Jul;23(7):975-979

Department of General Surgery, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Open appendectomy (OA) has been the gold standard for a long time. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has gained wide acceptance and popularity, outdoing open approach. Yet, conversion may be required when laparoscopic approach fails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_360_19DOI Listing

Strangulated spigelian hernia with necrosis of the caecum, appendix and terminal ileum: an unusual presentation in the elderly.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 25;2020(6):rjaa115. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Surgery, Gaston Berger University, Saint-Louis, Senegal.

Spigelian hernia is a rare form of abdominal wall hernias. We report an unusual case of a strangulated spigelian hernia with necrotic contents of the caecum, appendix and terminal ileum in the elderly. An 84-year-old woman, with a history of eight pregnancies, was admitted for bowel obstruction evolving for 7 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316440PMC

Goblet Cell Carcinoid (GCC) of the Appendix presenting as a Small Bowel Obstruction.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Aug 25;15(8):1339-1343. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of General Surgery, Dandenong Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

A 68 year old male presented to our Emergency Department with a one-day history of right sided abdominal pain, distention and vomiting on a background of no previous abdominal surgery. Abdominal CT demonstrated a high grade, closed loop small bowel obstruction involving the terminal segment of the ileum. Also of significance was alow-density appendiceal nodule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.05.065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322488PMC

Learning to predict pain: differences in people with persistent neck pain and pain-free controls.

PeerJ 2020 23;8:e9345. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Research Group Health Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Learning to predict threatening events enables an organism to engage in protective behavior and prevent harm. Failure to differentiate between cues that truly predict danger and those that do not, however, may lead to indiscriminate fear and avoidance behaviors, which in turn may contribute to disability in people with persistent pain. We aimed to test whether people with persistent neck pain exhibit contingency learning deficits in predicting pain relative to pain-free, gender-and age-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319024PMC

Peripheral Cytotoxic T Cell Lymphoma of the Appendix Presenting as Acute Appendicitis.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2020 16;2020:8569426. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

Introduction: Lymphoma of the appendix is a rare cause of acute appendicitis; however, acute appendicitis is a common first manifestation of appendiceal lymphomas. Cytotoxic peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a type of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma that portends a generally poor outcome. Cytotoxic PTCL of the appendix is extremely rare with few cases reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8569426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317332PMC

Appendiceal diverticulosis in a patient with family history of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome--a case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Aug 24;15(8):1317-1322. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Radiology, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, University of Missouri- Columbia, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO, 65212, USA.

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that predisposes patients to cutaneous tumors, pulmonary cysts with recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces, and a variety of renal neoplasms including hybrid oncocytic and chromophobe renal cell carcinomas. There has been much debate regarding the genetic link with the occurrence of colorectal cancer and other colonic anomalies. Associations between BHD and intestinal adenomatous polyposis and sigmoid diverticulosis have been described in the literature, but there have been no prior reports of appendiceal diverticulosis in patients with BHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.05.071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322125PMC

Torsion of Wandering Spleen Attached to the Omentum: A Rare Case Report from Iran.

Int J Gen Med 2020 24;13:333-336. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Imam Khomeini Educational & Remedial Center, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran.

Background: Wandering spleen is a rare condition with less than 0.2% prevalence, and it is the cause of 0.25% of total splenectomies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S248259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322114PMC

Dry Electrodes for Human Bioelectrical Signal Monitoring.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jun 29;20(13). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Tsinghua Shenzhen International Graduate School, Tsinghua University, University Town of Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518055, China.

Bioelectrical or electrophysiological signals generated by living cells or tissues during daily physiological activities are closely related to the state of the body and organ functions, and therefore are widely used in clinical diagnosis, health monitoring, intelligent control and human-computer interaction. Ag/AgCl electrodes with wet conductive gels are widely used to pick up these bioelectrical signals using electrodes and record them in the form of electroencephalograms, electrocardiograms, electromyography, electrooculograms, etc. However, the inconvenience, instability and infection problems resulting from the use of gel with Ag/AgCl wet electrodes can't meet the needs of long-term signal acquisition, especially in wearable applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20133651DOI Listing

Role of corticosteroid in the management of COVID-19: A systemic review and a Clinician's perspective.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020 Jun 27;14(5):971-978. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Fortis C-DOC Hospital for Diabetes & Allied Sciences, New Delhi, India; National Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation, New Delhi, India; Diabetes Foundation (India), New Delhi, India.

Background And Aims: Interest in corticosteroid therapy in COVID-19 has been rekindled after the results from Randomized Evaluation of COVid-19 thERapY (RECOVERY) Trial. However, the World health Organization has not recommended corticosteroid in the treatment of COVID-19. We sought to conduct a systematic review on the role of corticosteroid in the management of patients of COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320713PMC

Goblet Cell Adenocarcinoma With Heterotopic Ossification: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature.

Cureus 2020 May 27;12(5):e8312. Epub 2020 May 27.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, USA.

Heterotopic bone formation is a rare phenomenon when associated with gastrointestinal neoplasms. Here we present a rare case of heterotopic ossification associated with goblet cell adenocarcinoma of the appendix, and a literature review of such cases associated with neoplasms within and out of the gastrointestinal tracts. We reviewed the clinical data and when available, immunohistochemical markers of osteoblastic differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320657PMC

Impact of Concurrent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on Outcomes of Antipsychotic Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder With a Prior Failed Treatment: VAST-D Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Clin Psychiatry 2020 Jun 23;81(4). Epub 2020 Jun 23.

The names of all participants in the VAST-D Study are listed in Supplementary Appendix 1.

Objective: To determine whether concurrent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) should affect whether to augment or switch medications when major depressive disorder (MDD) has not responded to a prior antidepressant trial.

Methods: Patients at 35 Veterans Health Administration medical centers from December 2012 to May 2015 with nonpsychotic MDD (N = 1,522) and a suboptimal response to adequate antidepressant treatment were randomly assigned to 3 "next step" treatments: switching to bupropion, augmenting the current antidepressant with bupropion, and augmenting with the antipsychotic aripiprazole. Blinded ratings with the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated (QIDS-C₁₆) determined remission and response by 12 weeks and relapse after remission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.19m13038DOI Listing

Lists of names of prokaryotic taxa.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Departamento de Microbiología y Genética, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007, Salamanca, Spain.

We here present annotated lists of names of taxa of prokaryotes with ranks between subspecies and class, proposed between the mid-1990s, when the provisional status of taxa was first established, and the end of 2018. Where necessary, corrected names are proposed that comply with the current provisions of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes and its Orthography appendix. These lists, as well as updated lists of newly published names of taxa with additions and corrections to the current lists to be published periodically in the , may serve as the basis for the valid publication of the names if and when the current proposals to expand the type material for naming of prokaryotes to also include gene sequences of yet-uncultivated taxa is accepted by the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003789DOI Listing

Pediatric Hepatoblastoma, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, and Other Hepatic Neoplasms: Consensus Imaging Recommendations from American College of Radiology Pediatric Liver Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) Working Group.

Radiology 2020 Jun 30:200751. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

From the Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex (G.R.S.); Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa (J.H.S.); Department of Radiology, Emory University and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Ga (A.A.); Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (G.B.C.); Department of Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY (V.C.); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (J.T.D.); Department of Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Mo (G.K.); Department of Radiology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio (R.K.); Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, Calif (M.P.L.); Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex (P.M.M.); Nemours Children's Hospital, Nemours Children's Health System, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, Fla (D.J.P.); Liver Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, Calif (C.B.S.); Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio (A.J.T.); and Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Ave, MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH 45229 (A.J.T.).

Appropriate imaging is imperative in evaluating children with a primary hepatic malignancy such as hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma. For use in the adult patient population, the American College of Radiology created the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) to provide consistent terminology and to improve imaging interpretation. At present, no similar consensus exists to guide imaging and interpretation of pediatric patients at risk for developing a liver neoplasm or how best to evaluate a pediatric patient with a known liver neoplasm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020200751DOI Listing

[Lower urinary tract urodynamics after reconstruction of the pelvic part of the ureter].

Urologiia 2020 Jun(3):10-14

Department of Urology, North-Western State Medical University n.a. I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Introduction: The problem of impaired urodynamics of the lower urinary tract after reconstructive surgery of the pelvic ureter remains almost unexplored in modern literature. There are only a few publications about the effect of operations in the area of the ureterovesical segment on bladder function.

Aim: To study the function of bladder after replacing the pelvic ureter with bladder flap, small intestine or appendix. Read More

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Development and preliminary verification of the evaluation system for clinical practice guidelines in China.

Chronic Dis Transl Med 2020 Jun 17;6(2):134-139. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Medical Management Center of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: Clinical practice guidelines can improve healthcare processes and patient outcomes; however, the quality of these guidelines varies greatly in China. The aim of this study was to construct a comprehensive instrument for the appraisal of clinical practice guidelines in China (AGREE-CHINA), and to validate its reliability as a tool for helping potential guideline users in assessing guideline quality.

Methods: First, an interdisciplinary working group was established for developing the methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cdtm.2019.08.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305446PMC

Multifocal abdominal endometriosis, a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 19;2020(6):rjaa120. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery, St. Johns Episcopal Hospital, Far Rockaway, New York, NY, USA.

Multifocal endometriosis found outside of the pelvis is very rare. We present here a case of endometriosis found in the pelvis, appendix and umbilicus. A 52-year-old female had a previous umbilical hernia repair, and years later started to develop a recurrent umbilical mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303103PMC

Appendectomy, Tonsillectomy and Parkinson's Disease Risk: A Swedish Register-Based Study.

Front Neurol 2020 5;11:510. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

The gut-brain hypothesis proposes that Parkinson's disease (PD) pathology may start in the gut and later spread to the brain in a prion-like manner. As PD pathology is redundant in the appendix and tonsils, which are important gut-associated lymphoid tissues, we examined whether appendectomy and tonsillectomy were associated with later PD risk. The nested case-control study included 78,650 PD patients born in 1900-1980 and with a diagnosis of PD between 1964 and 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292857PMC

Factitious Disorder Presenting with Refractory Enterocutaneous Fistula that Underwent 7 Surgeries.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2020 May-Aug;14(2):291-298. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Colorectal Disease, The No.10 People's Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai, China.

The formation of a post-appendicectomy fistula is rare but devastating. Major etiological factors include leakage from the appendiceal stump, neoplasm of the appendix and/or cecum, infection, inflammatory bowel disease, and distal obstruction. The management of enterocutaneous fistula involves enteral nutrition, drainage, antibiotic coverage, as well as surgical excision and segmental resection of the involved bowel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315171PMC

Asthma and Respiratory Foundation NZ Adolescent and Adult Asthma Guidelines 2020: a quick reference guide.

N Z Med J 2020 Jun 26;133(1517):73-99. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Otago, Dunedin.

The purpose of the 2020 Asthma and Respiratory Foundation NZ Adolescent and Adult Asthma Guidelines is to provide simple, practical and evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, assessment and management of asthma in adolescents and adults (aged 12 and over) in a quick reference format. The intended users are health professionals responsible for delivering asthma care in the community and hospital settings, and those responsible for the training of such health professionals. The main changes in the 2020 update are: 1) combining the recommendations for both adolescents and adults in a single document, 2) the recommendation to avoid SABA-only treatment in the long-term management of asthma, 3) the use of budesonide/formoterol reliever, with or without maintenance budesonide/formoterol, is preferred to SABA reliever, with or without maintenance ICS or ICS/LABA, across the spectrum of asthma severity, 4) introduction of the terminology 'anti-inflammatory reliever (AIR)' therapy to describe the use of budesonide/formoterol as a reliever medication, with or without maintenance budesonide/ formoterol therapy. Read More

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New WHO guidelines on the management of pregnancy and breastfeeding in the context of Ebola.

Lancet Infect Dis 2020 Jul 6;20(7):766-767. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva 1211, Switzerland; Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30375-3DOI Listing

Probiotics Reduce Mortality and Morbidity in Preterm, Low Birth Weight Infants: a Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials.

Gastroenterology 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact (HEI), McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background And Aims: We aimed to compare the effectiveness of single- vs multiple-strain probiotics in a network meta-analysis of randomized trials.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane CENTRAL, BIOSIS Previews, and Google Scholar through January 1, 2019 for studies of single-strain and multi-strain probiotic formulations on outcomes of preterm, low-birthweight neonates. We used a frequentist approach for network meta-analysis and GRADE approach to assess certainty of evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2020.05.096DOI Listing
June 2020
16.716 Impact Factor

Missing appendix: case of complete appendiceal intussusception secondary to endometriosis.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of General Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.16044DOI Listing

Pneumatosis intestinalis: An important radiological clue in a case of missed perforated appendicitis.

Turk J Emerg Med 2020 Apr-Jun;20(2):86-89. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The National University of Malaysia Medical Centre, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a rare radiological finding, characterized by the presence of gas in the bowel wall. It has a wide spectrum of possible underlying diagnosis ranging from benign to life-threatening conditions. We present a case of a previously healthy male who was initially presented with missed diagnosis of acute appendicitis which had led to perforated appendix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2452-2473.278560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305666PMC
February 2020

Metastatic Colorectal Cancers with Mismatch Repair Deficiency Result in Worse Survival Regardless of Peritoneal Metastases.

Ann Surg Oncol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Mismatch-repair deficiency (dMMR) predicts worse chemoresponsiveness but better survival in early-stage colorectal adenocarcinoma. This study examined metastatic colorectal and appendix cancers with and without peritoneal metastasis (PM) in the National Cancer Database (NCDB), hypothesizing that dMMR tumors show better survival.

Methods: Stage 4 colon, rectum, and appendix cancers (2010-2016) were identified in the NCDB (including goblet cell carcinoids, excluding neuroendocrine tumors). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-020-08733-xDOI Listing

Appendiceal actinomycosis mimicking appendiceal tumor, appendicitis or inflammatory bowel disease.

J Pathol Transl Med 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Appendiceal actinomycosis is very rare and its diagnosis is often difficult even in surgically resected specimens. Here we report two cases of appendiceal actinomycosis confirmed by pathologic examination of surgically resected specimens. Characteristic histologic features included transmural chronic inflammation with Crohn-like lymphoid aggregates and polypoid mucosal protrusion into cecal lumen through fibrous expansion of the submucosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2020.05.17DOI Listing

Unusual case of pleural effusion in a young girl.

Cytopathology 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Human Pathology in Adult and Developmental Age "Gaetano Barresi", Section of Pathology, University of Messina, Messina, 98125, Italy.

Goblet cell adenocarcinoma (ex-goblet cell appendiceal carcinoid) is a very unusual malignant neoplasm. We report herein a case of a 16-year-old female showing symptoms related to recurrent pleural effusions and abdominal masses. The present case suggests that the cytological approach reveals an intriguing cellular population composed by neoplastic small elements with scanty to moderate amount of cytoplasm with pseudo-glandular pattern intermingled with a second population represented by signet ring cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12881DOI Listing

Appendiceal neoplasms and histological involvement of the mesoappendix: A case series.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2020 Aug 12;56:64-67. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Darent Valley Hospital, Dartford and Gravesham NHS Trust, Dartford, DA2 8DA, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Acute appendicitis is a common presentation to surgical departments, typically resulting in appendicectomy. Appendiceal tumours may not be visible intraoperatively, and are present in roughly 0.5-1% of specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2020.05.037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305355PMC

Emergency surgery in an elective setting: a case report detailing incidental diagnosis of a de Garengeot hernia.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 15;2020(6):rjaa164. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Surgery, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

We present a case of acute appendicitis within an incarcerated femoral hernia. This is a rare complication of the phenomenon eponymously known as a 'De Garengeot Hernia', which describes a vermiform appendix in an incarcerated femoral hernia sac. Our case is somewhat unique in the manner by which the affected patient had presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297558PMC

An incarcerated Spigelian hernia with the appendix in the sac passing though all layers of the abdominal wall: an unusual cause for chronic right iliac fossa pain.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 16;2020(6):rjaa099. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of General Surgery, Caboolture Hospital, QLD 4510, Australia.

Abdominal wall hernias are a common pathology and source of morbidity including chronic pain. They occur in various anatomical areas; amongst the rarest locations is the Spigelian hernia accounting for <2% of all abdominal hernias. We present a case report of a patient with chronic right iliac fossa pain caused by an incarcerated Spigelian hernia containing her appendix within the hernial defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297561PMC

Reduced-port laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis in pregnancy.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 15;2020(6):rjaa097. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Surgery, Kinan Hospital, Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan.

Current guidelines indicate that laparoscopic appendectomies are safe for pregnant patients with acute appendicitis. Recently, single- and reduced-port laparoscopic surgeries have gained popularity for nonpregnant patients, because they minimize abdominal wall trauma. Here, we describe a reduced-port laparoscopic appendectomy (RPLA) in a 31-year-old pregnant female performed at 27 weeks gestational age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297555PMC

Laparoscopic treatment of De Garengeot hernia with Progrip.

Ann Ital Chir 2020 Jun 16;9. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Background: Many eponyms have been used to classify some rare conditions of incarceration of a hernia at the level of the groin and femoral canal. The incarceration of the appendix at the level of the groin canal was first described by Claudius Amyand, while the incarceration of the appendix inside the femoral canal is a condition known as De Garengeot hernia. The incidence of such an event is very low and surgical treatment is usually performed via inguinal approach. Read More

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Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation of the appendix with an abdominal abscess due to diverticulum perforation: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 22;6(1):144. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Minami-Nara General Medical Center, 8-1 Oaza-Fukugami, Oyodo-cho, Yoshino-gun, Nara, 638-8551, Japan.

Background: Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation is a rare proliferative lesion of the submucosal stroma characterized by myofibroblast proliferation and inflammatory cell infiltration, and is mainly reported in the urinary system.

Case Presentation: We report a 65-year-old male who was referred to our emergency room with right-side iliac fossa pain. The pain gradually worsened for approximately 2 months, and rebound tenderness was positive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-020-00901-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310037PMC

Case report of IgG4-related appendiceal disease: A challenging disease.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(25):e20588

Department of Surgery, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil.

Rationale: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is an increasingly recognized immune-mediated entity that can affect virtually every organ system. Depending on the location of the disease, it can present a wide range of clinical manifestations and even mimic malignancies. Appendiceal involvement in patients with IgG4-related disease is particularly rare and very few cases are reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020588DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310901PMC

Abdominal Surgery in Patients with COVID-19: Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Abdominal and Adipose Tissues.

Ann Surg 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

: Multiple tissue samples were obtained during emergent abdominal surgery in four patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to examine for tissue involvement by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first patient underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder empyema and died from severe respiratory failure. The second patient with Crohn's disease underwent emergent laparotomy for a perforation in the terminal ileum and recovered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000004165DOI Listing

Local climate zones datasets from five Southern European cities: Copernicus based classification maps of Athens, Barcelona, Lisbon, Marseille and Naples.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 3;31:105802. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

IN+ Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, Instituto Superior Técnico, , Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal.

Here, we provide Local Climate Zones (LCZ) map datasets from five Southern European Mediterranean cities: Athens (Greece), Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal), Marseille (France) and Naples (Italy). The maps were produced according to a geographic information system (GIS)-based classification method, using freely available Copernicus Land Monitoring Service (CLMS) input data. Several maps are provided: (i) five maps (one per city) depicting urban LCZ's aggregated by density (no building height information); (ii) five maps (one per city), identical to the previously mentioned ones, with tree cover LCZ classes A and B reclassification according to the Dominant Leaf Type (DLT) (deciduous or coniferous); (iii) two maps (Athens and Lisbon) distinguishing urban LCZ classes 123 and 456 according to the dominant building height (BH); and (iv) two maps (Athens and Lisbon) identical to the previous ones with added DLT-based land cover classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105802DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298643PMC

Telocytes in the Normal and Pathological Peripheral Nervous System.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 17;21(12). Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of La Laguna, 38071 Tenerife, Spain.

We studied telocytes/CD34+ stromal cells in the normal and pathological peripheral nervous system (PNS), for which we reviewed the literature and contributed our observations under light and electron microscopy in this field. We consider the following aspects: (A) general characteristics of telocytes and the terminology used for these cells (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21124320DOI Listing

Case of Appendix Incarcerated in an Umbilical Hernia.

Authors:
Feroze Sidhwa

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery, San Joaquin General Hospital, French Camp, California, USA.

Umbilical hernias and acute appendicitis are common general surgical problems, but an appendix incarcerated in an umbilical hernia is quite rare. We present a case of such and briefly review the available literature on the topic. We conclude that future authors should include a minimum set of information in such case reports or case series so that readers can gain as much as possible from our collective experience with this uncommon problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2020.0333DOI Listing

Psychological trajectories of Chinese women undergoing pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality: A descriptive qualitative study using expressive writing.

J Clin Nurs 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Women's Hospital School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Aims And Objectives: To explore the psychological trajectories of women who have had a diagnosis of fetal abnormality from the time of receiving a definite diagnosis to one month after discharge.

Background: Fetal abnormalities are not uncommon worldwide. Such situations are devastating, and the termination of a pregnancy due to fetal abnormalities is a traumatic and stressful event for the mother. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15386DOI Listing

[Appendiceal collision tumor: Mucinous epithelial neoplasm and neuroendocrine tumor].

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2020 04 7;77(2):113-116. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Sanatorio Allende..

Introduction: An appendiceal collision tumor is defined as the presence of histologically distinct types of tumors in the appendix without transition between them. Appendiceal tumors are rare, with epithelial neoplasms and neuroendocrine tumors being the most common.

Objective: Report the case of woman with acute appendicitis and diagnosis of an appendiceal collision tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31053/1853.0605.v77.n2.25071DOI Listing