269 results match your criteria Ventricular Septal Rupture Following Myocardial Infarction


Case report: Recovery after large intramyocardial dissecting haematoma of the ventricular septum-a rare complication of myocardial infarction.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Feb 18;5(2):ytaa579. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.

Background: Intramyocardial dissecting haematoma is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of myocardial infarction (MI). Only a few isolated cases have been reported so far.

Case Summary: We report the case of a patient with a large, obstructing intramyocardial haematoma of the ventricular septum following MI due to plaque rupture of the right coronary artery (RCA) and following successful coronary intervention. Read More

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February 2021

Ventricular septal rupture and cardiogenic shock complicating STEMI during COVID-19 pandemic: An old foe re-emerges.

Heart Lung 2021 Mar-Apr;50(2):292-295. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, 3300 Gallows Rd, Falls Church, VA 22042, United States.

The COVID 19 pandemic resulted in a total reduction in the number of hospitalizations for acute coronary syndromes. A consequence of the delay in coronary revascularization has been the resurgence of structural complications of myocardial infarctions. Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicating late presenting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with high mortality despite advances in both surgical repair and perioperative management. Read More

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Mechanical Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Review.

JAMA Cardiol 2021 Mar;6(3):341-349

Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Importance: Mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction include left ventricular free-wall rupture, ventricular septal rupture, papillary muscle rupture, pseudoaneurysm, and true aneurysm. With the introduction of early reperfusion therapies, these complications now occur in fewer than 0.1% of patients following an acute myocardial infarction. Read More

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Recurrent ventricular septal defect following closure CorMatrix: A case report.

J Card Surg 2021 Jan 22;36(1):392-395. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Ventricular septal ruptures are an uncommon complication following acute myocardial infarction. Operative repair, utilizing a patch for closure of the defect, is the primary treatment modality to achieve hemodynamic stability. The use of an extracellular matrix derived from small intestinal submucosa as a scaffold for tissue repair is becoming increasingly common. Read More

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January 2021

Percutaneous repair of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal rupture presenting with cardiogenic shock.

Am J Cardiovasc Dis 2020 15;10(4):376-381. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Center for Comprehensive Cardiovascular Care, Saint Louis University Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.

Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is an uncommon and devastating complication with a high mortality rate due to limited available interventions required by expert hands in a small window of opportunity. Most commonly seen following delayed myocardial infarctions (MI), the rate of VSR has decreased partly from protocol driven reperfusion therapy; however, cases are still present, particularly when diagnosis is delayed. We present a case of a critically ill patient in cardiogenic shock following a large anterolateral wall ST-elevation MI complicated by a large VSR whom was transferred to our academic institution for percutaneous repair. Read More

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October 2020

Surgical Repair of Post-Infarction Ventricular Septal Rupture: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 Nov 3. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart and Vascular Centre, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but life-threatening complication following acute myocardial infarction. Surgical correction, though challenging and associated with high mortality, remains the treatment of choice. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluated the early outcome of surgical VSR repair. Read More

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November 2020

Delayed surgery after mechanical circulatory support for ventricular septal rupture with cardiogenic shock.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2020 12;31(6):868-873

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Bay Urayasu-Ichikawa Medical Center, Urayasu, Japan.

Objectives: The effectiveness of delayed surgery for ventricular septal rupture (VSR) following myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with cardiogenic shock remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the outcomes of delayed surgery following mechanical circulatory support for patients in cardiogenic shock after VSR.

Methods: We reviewed 8 patients with post-MI VSR and cardiogenic shock who underwent delayed surgery at our institution between July 2015 and November 2017. Read More

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December 2020

Decision making, management, and midterm outcomes of postinfarction ventricular septal rupture: Our experience with 21 patients.

Ann Card Anaesth 2020 Oct-Dec;23(4):471-476

Department of Pharmacy, Talla Padmavathi College of Pharmacy, Warangal, Telangana, India.

Context: Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a dreaded complication following myocardial infarction. Surgical repair of VSR is associated with significant early mortality. Variable outcomes in terms of early mortality and midterm functional status have been reported from different centers. Read More

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October 2020

Ventricular Septal Rupture in 2 Patients Presenting Late after Myocardial Infarction during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Oct 23;2(12):2013-2015. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Frederik Meijer Heart and Vascular Institute, Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) following myocardial infarction is rare in the reperfusion era. The decrease in patients presenting with myocardial infarction during the coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic could result in more frequent VSR. This report describes two patients with VSR presenting late after myocardial infarction and treated at a single institution. Read More

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October 2020

Case of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction.

Ultrasound 2020 Aug 28;28(3):196-201. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Ventricular septal rupture is a rare and potentially fatal complication of transmural myocardial infarction. Early identification utilising transthoracic echocardiography significantly improves long term outcomes in these patients. We report on a case of a 77-year-old male who presented with signs and symptoms of cardiac failure and a loud systolic murmur. Read More

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[Extended Sandwich Patch Repair with the Right Ventricular Approach for Posterior Ventricular Septal Perforation].

Kyobu Geka 2020 Feb;73(2):87-91

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Nagaoka Hospital, Nagaoka, Japan.

Ventricular septal perforation(VSP) is a catastrophic complication of acute myocardial infarction, and posterior VSP reportedly has worse outcomes. We present a case of a 79-year-old man with posterior VSP following acute myocardial infarction. He underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for acute postero-inferior myocardial infarction due to occlusion of the mid-portion of the right coronary artery. Read More

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February 2020

On the verge of a tearable complication following acute myocardial infarction: aborted ventricular septal rupture.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2020 10;21(10):1170-1171

Department of Cardiology, General Hospital, Merestraat 80, 9300 Aalst, Belgium.

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October 2020

A multicenter study on the clinical characteristics and risk factors of in-hospital mortality in patients with mechanical complications following acute myocardial infarction.

Heart Vessels 2020 Aug 1;35(8):1060-1069. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Cardiology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Mechanical complications (MCs) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), such as ventricular septal rupture (VSR), free-wall rupture (FWR), and papillary muscle rupture (PMR), are fatal. However, the risk factors of in-hospital mortality among patients with MCs have not been previously reported in Japan. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of in-hospital mortality in these patients. Read More

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Two rare complications of myocardial infarction: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Dec 4;3(4):1-4. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Cardiology Department, Geisinger Medical Center, 100 N. Academy Ave., Danville, PA 17822, USA.

Background: Mechanical complications following myocardial infarction (MI) have decreased in incidence due to the widespread use of early percutaneous coronary revascularization methods. We describe two rare complications as well as their natural history and uncertainties of the ideal management approach.

Case Summary: Sixty-two-year-old female with multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors who had a delayed presentation of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and went on to develop dissecting intramyocardial haematoma progressing to ventricular septal rupture and coronary ventricular fistula. Read More

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December 2019

Postinfarction intramyocardial dissection, an interesting case report and systematic review.

Echocardiography 2020 01 16;37(1):124-131. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Intramyocardial dissection (IMD) with ventricular septal rupture (VSR) following myocardial infarction (MI) is a rare subacute form of cardiac rupture. The evidence available in this regard is scarce. We aimed to share our experience and conduct a systematic review of previous cases. Read More

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January 2020

Simultaneous cardiac free-wall rupture and ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction treated with emergency balloon inflation.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2019 11 17;129(11):830-832. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Department of Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Failure, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

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November 2019

Ventricular septal rupture presented with chronic heart failure symptoms: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Jun;3(2)

Department of Cardiology, 251 Air Force General Hospital, Leoforos Kanellopoulou 3, Athens, Greece.

Background: Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare mechanical complication following acute myocardial infarction, with very high mortality rate. Haemodynamic deterioration and cardiogenic shock is common in such cases. Rarely, however, patients may show only signs of chronic heart failure or be completely asymptomatic. Read More

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Post-Myocardial Infarction Ventricular Septal Defect Closure by a Percutaneous Septal Occluder Device After Unsuccessful Surgical Closure: Never Lose Hope.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2020 Nov 7;21(11S):65-68. Epub 2019 Jul 7.

Interventional Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera Brotzu, Cagliari, Sardegna, Italy.

Post myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a life-threatening complication following ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Current guidelines recommend the urgent VSD closure for its significant mortality. Despite VSD is generally treated by surgical repair, surgeons often refrain from early surgery due to extremely poor results. Read More

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November 2020

[Ventricular Septal Dissection Associated with Post-infarction Septal Rupture;Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2019 May;72(5):380-383

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan.

The patient was a 73-year-old woman with ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction. Morphologically, it was associated with ventricular septal dissection and septal pseudoaneurysm formation. She underwent repair of the septal rupture 12 days after the onset of myocardial infarction. Read More

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Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting after Extracorporeal Life Support in Patients with Cardiac Arrest or Cardiogenic Shock.

Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Apr 5;52(2):70-77. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Extracorporeal Perfusion Team, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is used as a bridge to revascularization in high-risk patients with ischemic heart disease. We reviewed our experiences of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after ECLS in patients with cardiac arrest or refractory cardiogenic shock.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 4,616 patients who underwent CABG at our institution between May 2006 and February 2017. Read More

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Case report: pericardial adhesions from a previous coronary artery bypass surgery contain a left ventricular free wall rupture after an acute myocardial infarction to form a pseudoaneurysm.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2018 Sep 31;2(3):yty081. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Madras Medical Mission, 4A, Dr J J Nagar, Mogappair, Chennai, India.

Background: Fatal mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarctions include free wall rupture and ventricular septal rupture. If pericardial adhesions wall off a free wall rupture, it may lead to formation of pseudoaneurysms that are characterized by a narrow mouth. Even though pseudoaneurysms are common after myocardial infarctions, they may also occur following surgery, trauma, and infections rarely. Read More

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September 2018

Ventricular septal rupture following myocardial infarction: A potentially fatal complication.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Feb 9;7(2):397-400. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Second Department of Cardiology "Evangelismos" General Hospital of Athens Athens Greece.

Mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction include ventricular septal rupture (VSR), free wall rupture, and ischemic mitral regurgitation. Postinfarction VSR is a rare but serious complication of myocardial infarction. VSR has a lower incidence in the era of new reperfusion therapies. Read More

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February 2019

Mechanical complications in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: A single centre experience.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(2):e0209502. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center, University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: The study aims to assess characteristics and outcomes of patients suffering a mechanical complication (MC) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a contemporary cohort of patients in the percutaneous coronary intervention era.

Methods And Results: This retrospective single-center cohort study encompasses 2508 patients admitted with STEMI between March 9, 2009 and June 30, 2014. A total of 26 patients (1. Read More

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November 2019

Comparison in Prevalence, Predictors, and Clinical Outcome of VSR Versus FWR after Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Prospective, Multicenter Registry MOODY Trial-Heart Rupture Analysis.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2019 Dec 23;20(12):1158-1164. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Cardiology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Differences in the predictors between ventricular septal rupture (VSR) and free wall rupture (FWR) have not been fully studied. Data on the prevalence and clinical outcome of heart rupture are limited.

Hypothesis: This study aimed to investigate heart rupture incidence and clinical results in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Read More

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December 2019

Ventricular septal rupture with right ventricular wall dissection after inferior ventricular infarction: A case report and literature review.

J Clin Ultrasound 2019 May 4;47(4):247-252. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Ultrasound, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Right ventricular (RV) wall dissection following ventricular septal rupture related to inferior myocardial infarction (MI) is an extremely rare complication with a high mortality rate. We report the case of a 61-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital because of syncope and intermittent chest pain with a precordial murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a rupture at the basal infero-posterior septum and RV free-wall dissection forming an echolucent cavity that extended beyond the septum and subsequently re-entered into RV chamber. Read More

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Left ventricular free wall rupture after surgery for ventricular septal rupture.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Nov 1;26(9):697-700. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

A 67-year-old man presented with late left ventricular free wall rupture 1 month after an extended sandwich technique through a right ventricular incision for ventricular septal rupture following an inferoposterior acute myocardial infarction. We found that residual infarcted myocardium had led to left ventricular aneurysm formation. A pericardial patch on the left ventricular side at the initial operation should have been secured further from the septal defect using a larger needle. Read More

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November 2018

Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction.

Echocardiography 2017 Nov 30;34(11):1680-1686. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Ventricular septal rupture is a serious complication following acute myocardial infarctions and is associated with a significant mortality rate. Classically, two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography has been used to diagnose this complication and visualize its location. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has supplemented the transthoracic approach by providing more accurate assessment of the defect size and in guiding closure both percutaneously and intraoperatively. Read More

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November 2017

Effect of thrombolytic therapy on the patterns of post myocardial infarction ventricular septal rupture.

Indian Heart J 2017 Sep - Oct;69(5):628-633. Epub 2017 Apr 1.

Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but feared complication after myocardial infarction (MI). The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of thrombolytic therapy on the patterns of VSR following MI.

Methods: 30 consecutive patients admitted to a single tertiary level cardiac hospital with a diagnosis of acute MI and developed VSR in the hospital were included. Read More

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