23,447 results match your criteria Ventricular Septal Defect

Aortic valve repair in patients with ventricular septal defect.

Mahima Khatri

J Card Surg 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

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Late occurrence of ventricular septal rupture after deep septal myectomy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Causes and management.

J Cardiol Cases 2022 May 30;25(5):304-307. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Madras Medical Mission, Chennai, India.

Surgical septal myectomy is increasingly utilized for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy who remain symptomatic despite maximum doses of medical therapy. Deep and extensive septal muscle resections may lead to iatrogenic ventricular septal defects that are detected on transesophageal echocardiography immediately after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass and immediately corrected in the same surgery. However markedly thinned out ventricular septum after myectomy may be prone to late rupture from high left ventricular systolic pressures causing delayed detection of a ventricular septal defect when the patients present with new onset symptoms. Read More

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Pericardial cyst in a one-year-old boy with ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus.

Egypt Heart J 2022 May 16;74(1):39. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Bansbari, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Pericardial cysts are rare, with the most common etiology being congenital. Ventricular septal defect is the most common congenital heart disease in children. However, the combination of pericardial cyst, ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus is extremely rare. Read More

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Concomitant Redo Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement and Valve-in-Mitral Annular Calcification.

JACC Case Rep 2022 May 4;4(9):512-515. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Contemporary challenges in structural heart intervention include redo transcatheter aortic valve replacement and transcatheter mitral valve replacement in severe mitral annular calcification. We report a case of concomitant redo transcatheter aortic valve replacement and transcatheter mitral valve replacement in mitral annular calcification in a patient with radiation heart disease. (). Read More

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Epidemiology of Congenital Heart Disease in Jinan, China From 2005 to 2020: A Time Trend Analysis.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 27;9:815137. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Women Healthcare, Jinan Maternity and Child Care Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China.

Background: Although congenital heart defect (CHD) was the dominating birth defect, the time trend analysis of CHD was largely unknown. In our study, the time trend analysis of CHD from 2005 to 2020 in Jinan was conducted, aimed to reveal the epidemiological characteristics in a city and provided the data basis for the government to make a policy intervention.

Methods: A multi-institutional and retrospective review of CHD for all births from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2020 was performed. Read More

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Implementation of Appropriate Use Criteria for Transthoracic Echocardiography in Follow up Care of Pediatric Patients with Congenital Heart Disease.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA.

Background: Indications for transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) from the 2020 Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for congenital heart disease (CHD) were incorporated into our electronic ordering system as a clinical decision support tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate TTE utilization and factors affecting appropriateness of TTE orders during follow-up care of patients with CHD.

Methods: All TTEs performed during follow-up clinic visits from 5/1/2020 to 11/30/2020 were included. Read More

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Ventricular septal rupture after blunt chest trauma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 May 12;8(1):94. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Aichi Medical University, 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi, 480-1195, Japan.

Cardiac injury, including myocardial contusion and valvular damage, is a common complication of blunt chest trauma; however, traumatic ventricular septal rupture is a rare complication. We encountered a rare case of ventricular septal rupture following blunt chest trauma that was successfully repaired by emergency surgery. The mechanism underlying rupture may involve acute compression of the heart between the sternum and the vertebral column when the ventricle is filled, thereby causing a sudden increase in intraventricular pressure and leading to septal rupture. Read More

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A Novel 3D Visualized Operative Procedure in the Single-Stage Complete Repair With Unifocalization of Pulmonary Atresia With Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 25;9:836200. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (PA/VSD/MAPCAs) is a relatively rare, complex, and heterogeneous congenital heart disease. As one of the effective treatments, the midline unifocalization strategy still remains complicated and challenging due to the diverse forms of MAPCAs and pulmonary arteries. The purpose of this study is to summarize our experience of a novel three-dimensional (3D) visualized operative procedure in the single-stage complete repair with unifocalization and to clarify the benefits it may bring to us. Read More

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Reversed Potts Shunt Outcome in Suprasystemic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Defect Division, Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Reversed Potts shunt has been a prospective approach to treat suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension, particularly when medication treatment fails to reduce right ventricular afterload.

Objective: This meta-analysis aims to review the clinical, laboratory, and hemodynamic parameters after a reversed Potts shunt in suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension patients.

Methods: Six electronic databases were searched from the date of inception to August 2021, where the obtained studies were evaluated according to the PRISMA statement. Read More

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Clinical Status and Outcome of Isolated Right Ventricular Hypoplasia: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis of Case Reports.

Front Pediatr 2022 21;10:794053. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Pediatrics, International University of Health and Welfare, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Isolated right ventricular hypoplasia (IRVH), not associated with severe pulmonary or tricuspid valve malformation, is a rare congenital myocardial disease. This study aims to evaluate the clinical status and outcome of IRVH.

Methods: A systematic search of keywords on IRVH was conducted. Read More

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Post-infarction ventricular septal defect with cardiogenic shock: peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenator as a bridge to surgery.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 May 5;38(3):317-320. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905 USA.

We present a patient with post-infarction posterior ventricular septal defect complicated by cardiogenic shock who was transferred after percutaneous coronary revascularization. A peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenator was placed as a bridge to definite treatment to stabilize his condition. Patch closure of the ventricular septal defect and tricuspid valve replacement were performed successfully with right atrial approach 3 days after the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) placement and 11 days after the myocardial infarction. Read More

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Ventricular septal defect with pulmonary arterial hypertension in an infant: Is there something more than what meets the eye?

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):554-556. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Imaging Sciences and Intervention Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Insitute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

An 11-month-old girl was detected to have muscular ventricular septal defect with hyperkinetic pulmonary hypertension (PH) was urgently operated upon. On follow-up, her PH worsened, resulting in right ventricular dysfunction and was later detected to have absent portal vein. Read More

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Septal defect with polyvalvular involvement: A cardiac imaging hallmark of Trisomy 18.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):559-560. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, R.K. Hospital for Women and Children, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Congenital Heart Diseases occur in close to 90% of children with Trisomy 18. A ventricular septal defect along with abnormalities of more than one cardiac valve is considered to be an imaging hallmark of Trisomy 18. We present echocardiographic images of an infant with Trisomy 18 who had a large ventricular septal defect and abnormalities of all cardiac valves. Read More

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Infective endocarditis-induced complete closure of a ventricular septal defect and complete heart block in a child.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):527-529. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

We hereby report rare occurrence of irreversible complete heart block in a child with tricuspid valve infective endocarditis. The tricuspid valve vegetation also caused complete closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect, which was later discovered during surgery. Read More

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Further clarification on the variants of double-outlet right atrium.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):490-495. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Uniatrial but biventricular atrioventricular connection is a rare congenital cardiac abnormality where the left atria-ventricular connection is absent and the right atrio-ventricular connection straddles the crest of the muscular ventricular septum. This anomaly has been referred to as double outlet right atrium and the atrio-ventricular valve as a common atrioventricular valve in the past. In the absence of a primary atrial septal defect, the atrio-ventricular junction is not a common junction and the valve cannot hence be described as a common trio-ventricular valve. Read More

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Eisenmenger Syndrome Among Children with Unrepaired Congenital Heart Defects in Yunnan, China.

Pediatr Cardiol 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Susan and Henry Samueli College of Health Sciences, Program in Public Health, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA.

Eisenmenger syndrome is a life-threatening complication of congenital heart defects (CHD). Since Eisenmenger syndrome among children of repaired CHD is rare, very few studies have had the necessary data to investigate its distribution in children. The current study used data collected in rural China to investigate the prevalence of Eisenmenger syndrome in children with unrepaired CHD. Read More

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Maternal nicotine exposure induces congenital heart defects in the offspring of mice.

J Cell Mol Med 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, London, Ontario, Canada.

Maternal cigarette smoking is a risk factor for congenital heart defects (CHDs). Nicotine replacement therapies are often offered to pregnant women following failed attempts of smoking cessation. However, the impact of nicotine on embryonic heart development is not well understood. Read More

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Active infective endocarditis of both aortic and pulmonic valves in association with ventricular septal defect treated with double valve replacement and closure of the defect.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2022 17;35(3):359-360. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Institute, Dallas, Texas.

Described herein is a 29-year-old man with a ventricular septal defect who developed active infective endocarditis on both his pulmonic and aortic valves. We found only six previously reported cases partially similar to ours. Read More

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Implementation of 3D Printing in Medical Care for Preoperative Planning of Complex Ventricular Septal Defect.

J Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 1;15(11):17-29. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

Department of Radiology, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA.

Three-dimensional (3D) modeling and printing in medicine have emerged to encompass every aspect of medical applications. This ranges from education, illustration, and treatment, as well as patient care whether for purposes of diagnosis or treatment and surgical planning. In the past few decades, these novel tools have shown promising utility to help radiologists and the medical team to improve quality of patient care and outcomes via 3D printing application and utilization. Read More

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November 2021


J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Fetal & Neonatal Cardiology Program, Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Women's & Children's Health Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: The effect of expanded obstetrical ultrasound cardiac views on the diagnosis of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) has not been fully examined at a population level. We hypothesized there has been a significant increase in the prenatal detection of CHD in Alberta., particularly for CHD associated with cardiac outflow tract and three-vessel view abnormalities. Read More

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Right-to-left shunt depending on the support level of Impella for post-infarction ventricular septal defect.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, 2-5-1 Nakaicho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-0804, Japan.

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Left Ventricular Diverticulum Mimicking Ventricular Septal Defect During Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 Apr 28;14(4):e24553. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Cardiology, Instituto Cardiovascular del Cesar, Valledupar, COL.

Left ventricular diverticulum is a rare cardiac congenital anomaly. It is believed to be caused by the impaired development of the endocardial tube during the fourth week of embryologic development. It contains endocardium, myocardium, and pericardium and displays normal contraction. Read More

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Spontaneous closure of an isolated congenital perimembranous ventricular septal defect in two dogs.

BMC Vet Res 2022 May 3;18(1):162. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, 3584, CM, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Though spontaneous closure of isolated congenital ventricular septal defects in humans is very common, it has been rarely reported in dogs.

Case Presentation: A 4 month old Havanese dog and a 4.5 month old Chihuahua x Jack Russell terrier cross were presented for murmur evaluation to the authors' institution. Read More

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Comparison of blood pool and myocardial 3D printing in the diagnosis of types of congenital heart disease.

Sci Rep 2022 May 3;12(1):7136. Epub 2022 May 3.

The State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 99 Yan Cheung Road, Xi'an, Shannxi, China.

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of blood pool and myocardial models made by stereolithography in the diagnosis of different types of congenital heart disease (CHD). Two modeling methods were applied in the diagnosis of 8 cases, and two control groups consisting of experts and students diagnosed the cases using echocardiography with computed tomography, blood pool models, and myocardial models. The importance, suitability, and simulation degree of different models were analyzed. Read More

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An "Unusual" Diverticulated Appearance in Adult Direct Gerbode Defect: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2022 May 3;23:e935537. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, National Cardiovascular Centre Hospital Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indonesia.

BACKGROUND Gerbode defect is a defect that communicates the left ventricle (LV) to the right atrium (RA). Although it was originally identified as a congenital defect, it is becoming more common accepted that the lesion has either an iatrogenic or non-iatrogenic origin. In this article, the author presents an unusual diverticulated appearance of direct Gerbode defect in an adult patient without any prior history of cardiac pathology and the surgical technique used, hoping to increase awareness of similar cases. Read More

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Transfemoral Occlusion of Doubly Committed Subarterial Ventricular Septal Defect Using the Amplatzer Duct Occluder-II in Children.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 12;9:837847. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Backgrounds: The traditional treatment of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect (dcVSD) is open-heart surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and outcome of transcatheter closure of small dcVSD using Amplatzer duct occluder-II (ADO-II) in children.

Methods: Between January 2016 and April 2021, 24 children (17 male and 7 female patients) with small dcVSD who received transfemoral closure with ADO-II were enrolled retrospectively. Read More

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MYH7 variants cause complex congenital heart disease.

Am J Med Genet A 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Division of Human Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

MYH7, encoding the myosin heavy chain sarcomeric β-myosin heavy chain, is a common cause of both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Additionally, families with left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) and congenital heart disease (CHD), typically septal defects or Ebstein anomaly, have been identified to have heterozygous pathogenic variants in MHY7. One previous case of single ventricle CHD with heart failure due to a MYH7 variant has been identified. Read More

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Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defects: preliminary results in children weighing 10 kg or less.

Cardiol Young 2022 May 2:1-7. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of CVTS, JNMCH, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Ventricular septal defect is one of the commonest heart defect in children and closure of this defect with devices has seen a rapid progression over a period of time. The availability of new and safer devices has made the transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect a suitable option even in young children.

Aim: The study was done to evaluate the feasibility and complications of device closure of ventricular septal defect in children weighing 10 kg or less with different types of devices. Read More

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A case of ventricular noncompaction associated with heterotaxy and atrioventricular block diagnosed at 15 weeks of gestation using superb microvascular imaging.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 May 1. Epub 2022 May 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kurume University, Kurume, Japan.

We present a case of fetal atrioventricular block, heterotaxy, and ventricular noncompaction observed longitudinally from the first to early second trimesters using B-mode and Doppler imaging, including superb microvascular imaging. At 12 weeks of gestation, the atrial and ventricular rates were 133 and 67 beats/min, respectively, and dextrocardia was noted. At 15 weeks of gestation, detailed sonography revealed ventricular septal defect, interruption of the inferior vena cava, dilated azygos vein, and double-outlet right ventricle. Read More

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Perioperative Use of Pituitrin after Cardiac Defect Repair in Adult Patients with Severe Pulmonary Hypertension.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Apr 21;25(2):E277-E283. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Adult Cardiac Surgery Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: Vasopressin can constrict peripheral arteries without constricting the pulmonary artery. Theoretically, vasopressin is suitable for the perioperative treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Few studies have investigated the use of pituitrin (a substitute for vasopressin) after cardiac defect repair surgery. Read More

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