371,982 results match your criteria Ventricular Aneurysm Imaging


University athletes and changes in cardiac geometry: insight from the 2015 Gwangju Summer Universiade.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, 42 Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju, Korea.

Aims: There is a paucity of data regarding the changes of cardiac geometry in highly trained international and multiracial university athletes. We aimed to investigate the incidence of structural cardiac abnormalities and changes of cardiac geometry in highly trained university athletes.

Methods And Results: Comprehensive echocardiographic studies were performed in 1185 university athletes through the Check-up Your Heart Program during the 2015 Gwangju Summer Universiade. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Prognostic value of left atrial strain in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the general population.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology, Herlev & Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aims: Left atrial (LA) enlargement predicts cardiovascular risk. The prognostic value of left atrial peak reservoir strain (LA RS) by two-dimensional speckle tracking in the general population is currently unknown. This study sought to determine the prognostic value of LA RS in the general population. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Simultaneous operative repair of pectus excavatum and concurrent congenital heart defects.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hunan Children's Hospital, Changsha, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to describe an effective surgical strategy for the treatment of children with pectus excavatum (PE) and concurrent congenital heart defect (CHD).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all children (n = 16) who underwent simultaneous repair of PE with concurrent CHD at the Hunan Children's Hospital from July 2007 to December 2017. Among them, 7 patients had a simple atrial septal defect (ASD); 4 patients had a simple ventricular septal defect (VSD); 3 patients had both VSD and ASD; 1 patient had VSD, ASD and patent ductus arteriosus; and 1 patient had VSD complicated by pulmonary hypertension. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Cardiac Index by Transthoracic Echocardiography (CITE) study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207269. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cardiology, Military Hospital State Health Centre, Budapest, Hungary.

Aims: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most frequently used parameter in the assessment of heart failure (HF). Cardiac index (CI) is considered a potential alternative to LVEF despite limited evidence. We aimed to assess and compare the predictive accuracy of LVEF and echocardiographically-assessed CI in HF patients. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Sacubitril/valsartan in daily clinical practice: data from a prospective registry.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Servicio de Cardiología. Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón. CIBERCV. Madrid, Spain.

Sacubitril/valsartan (SV) is a new therapy in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and safety of this drug daily clinical practice.We performed a multicenter registry in 10 hospitals. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Combination of ST2 and B-type natriuretic peptide in diabetic patients with acute heart failure: relation with ventricular stiffness and outcome.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Cardiovascular Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Le Scotte Hospital, University of Siena.

Background: Diabetes is a common disease in heart failure and its prevalence ranges from 10 to 30%. ST-2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis and remodelling in heart failure and may be involved in the inflammatory process of diabetes mellitus. In this study, we sought: to evaluate levels of ST-2 and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in groups with acute heart failure with and without diabetes; to analyse the prognostic impact of ST-2 over a 6-month follow-up period. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Influence of pharmorubicin on the left ventricular ejection fraction of patients with breast cancer: A mechanism study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1183-S1187

Department of Gland Vascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University, Yan'an, ShaanXi, China.

Aims: Breast cancer is a great public health problem. It remains unclear how pharmorubicin induces cardiac dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. Our study was aimed to explore the influence of pharmorubicin on the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) of patients with breast cancer and its potential mechanism. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cardiac magnetic resonance T1 mapping. Part 2: Diagnostic potential and applications.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Dec 21;109:235-247. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Division of General Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 19/P, 8036 Graz, Austria; Research & Development, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics GmbH, Strassgangerstrasse 315, 8054 Graz, Austria. Electronic address:

Non-invasive identification and differentiation of myocardial diseases represents the primary objectives of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) longitudinal relaxation time (T1) and extracellular volume (ECV) mapping. Given the fact that myocardial T1 and ECV values overlap throughout and within left ventricular phenotypes, a central issue to be addressed is whether and to what extent myocardial T1 and ECV mapping provides additional or superior diagnostic information to standard CMR imaging, and whether native T1 mapping could be employed as a non-contrast alternative to late gadolinium enhancement (LE) imaging. The present review aims to summarize physiological and pathophysiological alterations in native T1 and ECV values and summarized myocardial T1 and ECV alterations associated with cardiac diseases to support the translation of research findings into routine CMR imaging. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Usefulness of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 2;123(1):93-99. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

University of Iowa.

The benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is unknown. There are currently no guidelines regarding the continuation, discontinuation or pacemaker (PM) settings post-LVAD implant. The aim of the study was to assess the hemodynamic benefit of biventricular (BiV) pacing in LVAD patients. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Effect of Functional Mitral Regurgitation on Outcome in Patients Receiving Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy for Heart Failure.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 26;123(1):75-83. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Cardiology, Heart Lung Center, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is common in heart failure (HF), and negatively impacts prognosis. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can improve FMR, but the long-term changes in and impact of FMR after CRT are still unclear. The present study investigated the prevalence, evolution and impact on mortality of FMR before and after CRT in patients with HF. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Predictors, Burden, and the Impact of Arrhythmia on Patients Admitted for Acute Myocarditis.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 27;123(1):139-144. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Division of Cardiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan.

A significant proportion of patients with acute myocarditis experience sudden cardiac death presumably due to cardiac arrhythmia. In this study, we explore the burden, the predictors of arrhythmia in acute myocarditis and the association between arrhythmias and adverse in-hospital outcomes. After evaluating the frequency of various tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmia in myocarditis population, we built a logistic model to determine the independent predictors of arrhythmias in myocarditis and a 1:1 propensity-matched analysis to examine the impact of arrhythmias. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Comparison of One-Year Survival After Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients ≥75 Years of Age With Versus Without Living With Spouse.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 27;123(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China. Electronic address:

Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) face high postevent mortality. This study aims to evaluate the impact of living without spouse on 1-year mortality of ACS patients. This retrospective study enrolled a total of 600 consecutive patients (≥75 years of age) with ACS hospitalized in our hospital between January 2013 and December 2016. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Narrative medicine applications for patient identity and quality of life in ventricular assist device (VAD) patients.

Heart Lung 2019 Jan 25;48(1):18-21. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky, CTW 320, 900 S. Limestone Street, Lexington, KY, USA.

Patients with advanced heart failure may experience a variety of challenges to their self-identity and quality of life due to their heart condition and treatment by implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD). These challenges include loss of energy and stamina, loss of independence and autonomy, dependence on loved ones and caregivers for help, strained relationships with family and friends, and uncertainty about treatment outcomes and time of recovery. Narrative Medicine (NM) sessions may help patients to reflect on their situation, rediscover identity, and engage sources of meaning by telling or writing their story. Read More

View Article
January 2019

The Incremental Value of Right Ventricular Size and Strain in the Risk Assessment of Right Heart Failure Post - Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

J Card Fail 2018 Dec 26;24(12):823-832. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Background: Right heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Existing risk scores include semiquantitative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. This study aimed to determine whether quantitative evaluation of both RV size and function improve risk stratification for RHF after LVAD implantation beyond validated scores. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Diastolic dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis patients with low disease activity.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases, Medical University of Lublin, Ul. Jaczewskiego 8, 20-950, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction/objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for congestive heart failure (CHF) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), as compared to the general population. High disease activity is to be associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), CHF, and mortality in RA patients. LVDD is not anticipated in RA patients without CVD symptoms and may be underdiagnosed especially in those with low disease activity. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Changes in serum and intracardiac fibroblast growth factor 23 during the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive model rats.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Nephrology and Kidney Center, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, Japan.

Background: Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels have a significant association with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Although LVH is commonly seen in hypertensive patients, the association between FGF23, hypertension, and LVH remains unclear. We aimed to examine the changes in serum and intracardiac FGF23 during the progression of hypertension using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Fifty-Five Years Follow-Up of 111 Adult Survivors After Biventricular Repair of PAIVS and PS.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, 102, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China.

There is paucity of long-term data on adult survivors after biventricular repair of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) and pulmonary stenosis (PS). This study aimed to determine the cardiac and non-cardiac outcomes of adult survivors after biventricular repair of PAIVS and PS. The cardiac, neurodevelopmental and liver problems of 111 adults, 40 with PAIVS and 71 with PS, were reviewed. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Can Abbreviated Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Adequately Support Clinical Decision Making After Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot?

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Nebraska College of Medicine and Children's Hospital and Medical Center, 8200 Dodge St, Omaha, NE, 68114, USA.

Quantification of pulmonary regurgitation (PR), pulmonary flow distribution, and ventricular function is important for clinical surveillance in repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is the established reference, but cost, test duration, and patient discomfort are potential limitations to its serial use. We investigated whether an Abbreviated CMR protocol would alter clinical decisions in TOF from those that would have been made using a full protocol. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Hypertension Is an Independent Predictor of Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease in Young Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Int J Hypertens 2018 13;2018:7623639. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Jiangsu Road 16, 266000 Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Background: Risk factors of multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) among young acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients remain elusive now.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzed data from 187 consecutive young (age ≤45 years) ACS patients (75 STEMI, 30 NSTEMI, and 72 unstable angina) hospitalized in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. Thirty-six young male patients with normal coronary angiography (CAG) findings (no-CAD), who underwent CAG due to suspected chest pain in this period, served as control group. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Computational Prediction of the Combined Effect of CRT and LVAD on Cardiac Electromechanical Delay in LBBB and RBBB.

Comput Math Methods Med 2018 14;2018:4253928. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of IT Convergence Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology, Gumi 39177, Republic of Korea.

Two case reports showed that the combination of CRT and LVAD benefits the end-stage heart failure patients with prolonged QRS interval significantly. In one of the reports, the patient had the LVAD removed due to the recovery of the heart function. However, the quantification of the combined devices has yet to be conducted. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Quantification of Beat-To-Beat Variability of Action Potential Durations in Langendorff-Perfused Mouse Hearts.

Front Physiol 2018 27;9:1578. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Beat-to-beat variability in action potential duration (APD) is an intrinsic property of cardiac tissue and is altered in pro-arrhythmic states. However, it has never been examined in mice. Left atrial or ventricular monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded from Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts during regular 8 Hz pacing. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Approach of minimal invasive monitoring and initial treatment of the septic patient in emergency medicine.

Open Access Emerg Med 2018 20;10:183-191. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Emergency Medicine, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia.

Sepsis and septic shock constitute a complex disease condition that requires the engagement of several medical specialties. A great number of patients with this disease are constantly admitted to the emergency department, which warrants the need for emergency physicians to lead in the recognition and early management of septic patients. Timely and appropriate interventions may help reduce mortality in a disease with an unacceptably high mortality rate. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Hypertension and transcatheter aortic valve replacement: parallel or series?

Integr Blood Press Control 2018 23;11:81-91. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in the elderly and it causes significant morbidity and mortality. Hypertension is also highly prevalent in elderly patients with AS, and AS patients with hypertension have worse outcomes. Accurate assessment of AS severity and understanding its relationship with arterial compliance has become increasingly important as the options for valve management, particularly transcatheter interventions, have grown. Read More

View Article
November 2018

miR-190a-5p participates in the regulation of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension by targeting KLF15 and can serve as a biomarker of diagnosis and prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated with pulmonary hypertension.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018 20;13:3777-3790. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, People's Republic of China,

Purpose: miR-190a-5p expression alters dynamically in response to hypoxia. However, the role of miR-190a-5p expression in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) remains unclear. We sought to correlate the miR-190a-5p expression levels with the severity, diagnosis, and prognosis of PH in relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD-PH). Read More

View Article
November 2018

Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Evaluation of Right Ventricular Function in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: Finding Meaning in the "Forgotten".

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ.

View Article
November 2018

Prognostic Value of Combined C-Reactive Protein, Body Mass Index, and Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in Predicting Cardiovascular Events in Patients ≥80 Years of Age With Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Am J Cardiol 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Division of Dyslipidemia, State Key Laboratory of CardiovascularDisease, Fu Wai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and low body mass index (BMI) are linked to increased mortality in the elderly population. However, the combined value for predicting adverse cardiovascular events in the oldest-old (≥80 years old) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains undetermined. A total of 463 AMI patients, who were ≥80 years old, were enrolled in this study between January 2012 and June 2017. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Leveraging auxiliary measures: a deep multi-task neural network for predictive modeling in clinical research.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2018 Dec 12;18(Suppl 4):126. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Accurate predictive modeling in clinical research enables effective early intervention that patients are most likely to benefit from. However, due to the complex biological nature of disease progression, capturing the highly non-linear information from low-level input features is quite challenging. This requires predictive models with high-capacity. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Clinical Study Regarding Arrhythmogenic Risk Factors and Oxidative Stress Inductibility in Young People.

Curr Health Sci J 2015 Jul-Sep;41(3):251-258. Epub 2015 Mar 15.

Department of Rheumatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova.

Rhythm disorders in young people are often reported and when they are persistent, repetitive or with a severity degree, an ethiopathgenical assessment of arrhythmogenic risk factors and their implications is required.

Purpose: Arrhythmogenic risk factors evaluation and the possibility of determining oxidative stress in the arrhythmic pathology in young people.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted on 184 young subjects, aged 16-26 years old; the points of interest were: the presence or absence of cardiac dysrhythmias, the existence of proarrhythmogenic risk factors and determination of oxidative stress status modifications. Read More

View Article

Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis requiring open-chest myocardial biopsy for differentiation from malignant lymphoma.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 18;9(6):239-242. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Neurology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Hokkaido, Japan.

A 68-year-old woman with a history of hypertension was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea during physical exertion. Echocardiography demonstrated impaired left ventricular systolic function, and her ejection fraction was reduced to 30%. Coronary angiography did not show significant stenosis. Read More

View Article

Recurrent ventricular tachycardia from severe aortic stenosis improves after percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty and transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 16;9(6):236-238. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

Henry Ford Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.

We report a case of recurrent ventricular tachycardia from severe aortic stenosis that improved after percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty and transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The electrocardiographic features of the arrhythmia were compatible with ventricular tachycardia originating from the left ventricle. Myocardial ischemia and electrolyte abnormalities were ruled out. Read More

View Article

Quadricuspid aortic valve associated with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 18;9(6):233-235. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

A patient without any known congenital cardiac abnormalities who suffered from ventricular tachycardia was taken to the emergency room following successful resuscitation. Transthoracic echocardiography showed diffuse left ventricle dysfunction and mild aortic regurgitation. Coronary angiography demonstrated intact coronary and suspected morphological abnormalities of the aortic valve. Read More

View Article
June 2014
1 Read

Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy associated with right ventricular rupture and hemopericardium: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 25;9(6):230-232. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Division of Cardiology, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy is a rare form of pulmonary tumor embolism clinically indistinguishable from pulmonary thromboembolic disease. It is characterized by fibrocellular intimal proliferation of small pulmonary arteries and arterioles in patients with intraluminal tumor embolization. We report the case of a 67-year-old Caucasian woman who had been treated for breast cancer 5 years prior to presentation and had been free of recurrence on routine clinical surveillance. Read More

View Article

A natural history of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with development of an apical aneurysm formation: A case report following a quarter century.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jun 6;9(6):221-225. Epub 2014 Mar 6.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan.

We report the definite long-term natural history of a man with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM), who developed an apical aneurysm by the age of 60 years. At 33 years, his electrocardiogram (ECG) was nearly normal. T-wave inversions were first identified in leads V5-6 of an ECG at 36 years of age. Read More

View Article

Editorial: Importance of early diagnosis and treatment for underlying disease in patients with cardiac arrest.

Authors:
Yoshio Tahara

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 5;9(5):211-212. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

Division of Cardiology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

View Article

A rectangular (quadrangular) heart.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 24;9(5):208-210. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

Division of Cardiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, NY, USA.

We report a case of "rectangular (quadrangular) heart" seen on the chest X-ray. Full evaluation showed massive enlargement of right-sided chambers shadowing the left-sided chambers. Primary etiology of the right-sided failure was attributed to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation for which the patient underwent surgery. Read More

View Article

Surgical management of giant fibroelastoma of the aortic valve with repair through valve sparing technique.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 14;9(5):187-188. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Spitali Europian - GVM Care & Research, Tiranë, Albania.

Background: Fibroelastomas account for less than 10% of all cardiac tumors, representing the most common valvular and the second most common cardiac benign tumor, following myxomas.Fibroelastomas are histologically benign, but they can result in life-threatening complications such as stroke, acute valvular dysfunction, embolism, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death.

Methods: A valve-sparing technique with simple shave excision of the tumor was undertaken with success. Read More

View Article

Multiple coronary fistula formation associated with a huge left atrial thrombus in rheumatic mitral valve stenosis.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 3;9(3):124-126. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Acquired fistulous communication with the left atrial (LA) chamber has been described in the presence of LA mural thrombus in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). Hereby, we present the case of a 74-year-old man with rheumatic MS and a huge LA thrombus found in echocardiography. Coronary angiography revealed an extensive fistula formation feeding mainly from the atrial branches of left circumflex and right coronary arteries and draining into the LA chamber. Read More

View Article

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy triggered by lateral wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 7;9(3):117-120. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Koseiren Tsurumi Hospital, Beppu, Japan.

We herein report the case of a 72-year-old female with a lateral wall acute myocardial infarction (MI) complicated by takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). The patient presented with "severe" chest pain lasting for one hour. She did not experience any obvious emotional or physical stress preceding the chest pain. Read More

View Article

Ablation of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation targeting short coupled ventricular premature contractions originating from a right ventricular papillary muscle.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 18;9(3):113-116. Epub 2014 Jan 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan.

We describe a 38-year-old male who experienced several episodes of syncope after having ventricular fibrillation. The electrocardiographic monitoring after his hospitalization revealed repetitive polymorphic ventricular tachycardias. All polymorphic ventricular tachycardias were consistently initiated by a short-coupled monomorphic ventricular premature contraction (VPC). Read More

View Article

Ablation of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation triggered by ventricular premature beat originating from myocardium of right ventricle: Case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 28;9(3):109-112. Epub 2013 Dec 28.

The Division of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Rambam Health Care Campus and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel.

We report a case of a 55-year-old woman with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) who suffered from recurrent implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks triggered by short coupled ventricular premature beat (VPB). This VPB was mapped and ablated from the myocardium of right ventricle close to the lateral tricuspid annulus. < Triggering ventricular premature beat (VPB) in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation was reported to originate from the myocardium of right ventricular outflow tract or from Purkinje system. Read More

View Article

Iatrogenic occlusion of the circumflex artery and left ventricle pseudoaneurysm after mitral annuloplasty.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 13;9(3):104-105. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, Rabta Hospital, Medical University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.

Ischemic iatrogenic lesions can complicate surgical procedures on the mitral valve. One of the causative mechanisms is direct injury to or distortion of the circumflex coronary artery. The risk of damaging the circumflex coronary artery depends mainly upon the proximity of that vessel to the posterior segment of the mitral annulus, and this varies from patient to patient. Read More

View Article

Chest pain associated with rate-related left bundle branch block and cardiac memory mimicking ischemia.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 12;9(3):87-90. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Division of Cardiology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, USA.

Background: Intermittent left bundle branch block (LBBB) has been linked to chest pain, and causes cardiac memory electrocardiographic (ECG) changes mimicking ischemia.

Purpose: To present a case of chest pain with ECG abnormalities suggestive of ischemia, both likely caused by LBBB.

Case: A 33-year-old hypertensive female evaluated for chest pain and LBBB by ECG was treated with lisinopril and metoprolol, and scheduled for stress testing. Read More

View Article

Peripartum cardiomyopathy with biventricular thrombus which led to massive cerebral embolism.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 13;9(2):71-74. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shizuoka City Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.

A 37-year-old female who delivered her second child via a cesarean section 4 months previously presented to our hospital with gradual worsening of dyspnea on effort. Chest radiographic appearance showed cardiomegaly (cardiothoracic ratio 61%) and slight bilateral pulmonary congestion. Echocardiogram revealed diffuse hypokinesis of both left and right ventricles (left ventricular ejection fraction 29%) and large biventricular thrombus [left ventricular apex (28 mm × 21 mm, 22 mm × 14 mm) and right ventricular apex (16 mm × 11 mm)]. Read More

View Article
February 2014

A case of primary aldosteronism who experienced cardiopulmonary arrest, was resuscitated and cured.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 16;9(2):63-66. Epub 2013 Dec 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

A 45-year-old female went into cardiopulmonary arrest. She was in ventricular fibrillation (VF) and was defibrillated using an automated external defibrillator. After arrival at our hospital, electrocardiography monitoring showed QT prolongation. Read More

View Article
February 2014

Anaphylactic shock associated with intravenous amiodarone.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 12;9(2):61-62. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey.

A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with shortness of breath and palpitation which started 2 h before her admission. She had a history of rheumatic mitral valve disease and was on drug treatment with warfarin and metoprolol. The patient was orthopneic, blood pressure was 108/68 mmHg with an irregular pulse with a heart rate of 158 beats per minute, and respiratory rate was 23 times per minute. Read More

View Article
February 2014
1 Read

Post-operative simultaneous very late two-vessel drug eluting stent thrombosis with sparing of bare metal stent in a Jehovah's witness after clopidogrel withdrawal.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 13;9(2):57-60. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Department of Surgery/Anesthesiology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Very late stent thrombosis is a feared complication after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Several factors related to the patient, generation and type of the deployed stent, procedure, and premature antiplatelet withdrawal are known to contribute to this complication. Herein, we describe a case of a Jehovah's witness patient who developed simultaneous two-vessel 1st generation DES thrombosis 5. Read More

View Article
February 2014

Successful treatment of functional mitral regurgitation in severe heart failure with atrial pacing: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 13;9(2):50-53. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Department of Disease Control and Homeostasis, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.

Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common complication accompanying left ventricular dysfunction. Increasing resting heart rate (HR) is demonstrated to be associated with increased mortality in heart failure (HF) patients. Thus, lowering HR is recommended by recent HF management guidelines. Read More

View Article
February 2014

Normal coronary myocardial infarct is innocent or guilty? A case of ventricular septal rupture secondary to normal coronary myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Dec 29;8(6):187-189. Epub 2013 Oct 29.

Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Cardiology Department, Konya 42090, Turkey.

Prognosis of cases of myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries (MINCA) is known to be better than acute myocardial infarction cases with obstructive coronary lesions. A MINCA case causing ventricular septal rupture is rare. Herein, we present a 70-year-old female MINCA case which caused ventricular septal rupture which is a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction. Read More

View Article
December 2013

"Porcelain heart" a case of acute heart failure with massive myocardial calcification complicated with primary hyperparathyroidism.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Dec 29;8(6):183-186. Epub 2013 Oct 29.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.

A 47-year-old Japanese woman was transported to our hospital due to acute heart failure (AHF). She had been diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and undergone parathyroidectomy 3 months previously. Chest X-ray showed marked cardiomegaly and severe pulmonary congestion, and transthoracic echocardiography indicated both left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction, complicated with extensive massive myocardial calcification and no LV hypertrophy. Read More

View Article
December 2013

Complete congenital absence of the pericardium: An incidental finding.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Nov 26;8(5):148-150. Epub 2013 Sep 26.

Cardiovascular Department, Blackpool Victoria Hospital, Whinney Heys Road, Blackpool FY3 8NR, United Kingdom.

A 62-year-old male presented with generalized aches and pains accompanied by night sweats and weight loss. Clinical examination was unremarkable and the chest X-ray was reported as normal. Subsequent computed-tomography thorax and bone marrow aspirate diagnosed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Read More

View Article
November 2013