J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 Aug;89(2):351-357
From the Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation (M.P.G., B.W.T., A.B.N., B.H.), Department of Surgery (M.P.G., D.P., A.B.N., B.H.), Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine (B.W.T., B.H.), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Royal Canadian Medical Service (D.P.), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (M.P.G., B.W.T., D.P., M.V., A.B.N., B.H.); and Sunnybrook Research Institute (A.B.N., B.H.), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Background: Increased clinical experience and the decreased need for systemic anticoagulation have renewed interest in the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for posttraumatic respiratory and cardiopulmonary failure. The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence and temporal trends of ECMO use at trauma centers, the outcomes of trauma patients undergoing ECMO, and the characteristics of trauma centers providing ECMO.
Methods: Data were derived from the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program data set. Read More