2,638 results match your criteria Venous Air Embolism


Clarifications to «First described case of coma triggered by retrograde venous air embolism: An exceptional but potentially life-threatening situation».

Neurologia 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2018.12.001DOI Listing

Case Report: Unprovoked venous thromboembolism in a young adult male.

F1000Res 2019 14;8:182. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Maternal and Child Health Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A 24-year-old male was presented to us with sudden onset of chest pain and dyspnea for the past one hour. There was no history of calf pain, trauma, surgery, prolonged immobilization, long-haul air travel, bleeding diathesis or any other co-morbidity. The patient denied any addiction history. Read More

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https://f1000research.com/articles/8-182/v1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.18202.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446494PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Oxygen Venous Embolism After Hydrogen Peroxide Use During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.

J Endourol Case Rep 2019 18;5(1):25-27. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Urology, George Washington University Medical School, Washington, District of Columbia.

Hydrogen peroxide (HO) is a common antiseptic that is available without a prescription in the United States, and it is indicated for minor dermal abrasion; mouth, gum, or dental irritations; and removal of oral secretion. Several other medical uses have also been described, including clot dissolution during endoscopic gastrointestinal evaluation, cleansing of orthopedic surgical sites, and bladder irrigation. However, these uses of HO, as well as high-dose ingestion, have been associated with a wide variety of medical complications, including but not limited to air pulmonary embolism and stroke. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/cren.2018.0111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cren.2018.0111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461058PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

A case of cardiac arrest due to air embolism during scoliosis surgery.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019840083

2 Department of Orthopaedic, Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Cardiac arrest during scoliosis surgery is rare in idiopathic scoliosis. We present a case of cardiorespiratory collapse during corrective surgery in a young patient with idiopathic scoliosis. A diagnosis of venous air embolism was made by exclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019840083DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Influx of air into the left atrium during lung resection.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Second Department of Surgery, Yamagata University, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata, 990-9585, Japan.

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to determine conditions associated with the development of air bubbles in the pulmonary veins during lung resection.

Methods: A total of 28 patients who underwent lung resection at our institution between October 2016 and March 2018 were included in the study. An intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography was conducted, and the influx of air bubbles in the orifice of the pulmonary vein leading to the left atrium was observed during lung resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-019-01112-8DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Lateral Semi-sitting Position: A Novel Method of Patient's Head Positioning in Suboccipital Retrosigmoid Approaches.

Asian J Neurosurg 2019 Jan-Mar;14(1):82-86

Department of Neurosurgery, J. J. Group of Hospitals and Grant Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: The most common methods of positioning patients for suboccipital approaches are the lateral, lateral oblique, sitting, semisitting, supine with the head turn, and park bench. The literature on the positioning of patients for these approaches does not mention the use of lateral semisitting position. This position allows utilization of the benefits of both semisitting and lateral position without causing any additional morbidity to the patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_203_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417342PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Massive Air Embolism Caused by a Central Venous Catheter During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

J Extra Corpor Technol 2019 Mar;51(1):9-11

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become an integral treatment option for patients as a bridge to transplant, management of post cardiotomy cardiogenic shock, and for rescue after cardiopulmonary arrest. Significant strides in ECMO technology and management cannot, however, replace the importance of maintaining and following a comprehensive safety checklist. We herein report a case of massive air entrainment from an inadvertently disconnected port of a central venous catheter (CVC) in the neck which culminated in an airlock of the ECMO circuit. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436163PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Massive air embolism caused by an atrioesophageal fistula following isolation of the pulmonary veins for atrial fibrillation.

HeartRhythm Case Rep 2019 Feb 16;5(2):101-104. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Clinic of Cardiology, Acibadem City Clinic Tokuda Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrcr.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379520PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Venous air/oxygen embolism due to hydrogen peroxide in anal fistulectomy.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Oct-Dec;34(4):555-557

Department of Anaesthesia, KGMC, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/joacp.JOACP_11_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360876PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Safety first: significant risk of air embolism in laparoscopic gasketless insufflation systems.

Surg Endosc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, St. Luke's Regional Medical Center, Boise, ID, USA.

Background: Gasketless laparoscopic insufflator systems are marketed for the ability to prevent desufflation of pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy. However, surgeons raised concern for possible introduction of non-absorbable room air, including oxygen (O), with these systems. A community-university collaborative was created to test this hypothesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06683-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Cerebral Venous Air Embolism: A Rare Phenomenon.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2019 23;6(1):001011. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Cascais, Cascais, Portugal.

Cerebral venous air embolism (CVAE) is an extremely rare phenomenon. Most reports of cerebral air embolism focus on the arterial territory, and consequently CVAE has remained poorly understood, especially regarding its pathophysiology and treatment. The authors describe an elderly male patient who was admitted through the Emergency Department with subacute confusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2019_001011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372048PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Cognitive Support to Promote Shared Mental Models during Safety-Critical Situations in Cardiac Surgery (Late Breaking Report).

2018 IEEE Conf Cogn Comput Asp Situat Manag CogSIMA (2018) 2018 Jun 2;2018:165-167. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Medical Robotics Assisted Surg. Lab, VABHCS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA,USA.

To address the, currently unmet, need for intra-operative safety-critical cognitive support in cardiac surgery, we have developed, validated, and implemented a series of customized checklists to address intra-operative emergencies, using a simulated operative setting. These crisis checklists are designed to provide cognitive and communication support to the operative team to reduce the likelihood of adverse events and improve adherence to best-practice guidelines. We recruited a number of content specialists including members of the hospital safety network and intraoperative cardiac surgery team members, and utilized a Delphi consensus method to develop procedure-specific guidelines for select intraoperative crises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/COGSIMA.2018.8423991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364745PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Accidental Concentrated Hydrogen Peroxide Ingestion Associated with Portal Venous Gas.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Aug 31;12(8):12-16. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, the University of Toledo Medical Center, Ohio, USA.

A case of a 52-year old male patient who presented to the emergency department with severe nausea and vomiting following accidental ingestion of H2O2. A computed tomography (CT) abdomen performed at our institution demonstrated extensive portal venous gas throughout the liver with few gas droplets seen in the extrahepatic portal vein portion. Pneumatosis was also noted in the wall of the gastric antrum. Read More

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http://www.radiologycases.com/index.php/radiologycases/artic
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i8.3253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312125PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Venous air embolism.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2019 01 7;139(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.18.0017DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis on flights.

J Vasc Bras 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):215-219

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Civil aviation has seen a steady increase in the number of scheduled flights over the last ten years and, as a result, more passengers are traveling by air. This has been associated with an increase in flight-related diseases, especially on long-haul flights. One of the most feared complications during flights is venous thromboembolism (VTE), but its true incidence is difficult to measure because of a lack of consensus on elements such as the definition of how long after landing a VTE can be considered to be related to a flight and even how long a flight must last to be considered of long duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.010817DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326126PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Venous air embolism following application of Mayfield head clamp: A word of caution.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Dec;62(12):1002-1003

Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_477_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299772PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Massive gas embolism in a child.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Public Health and Forensic Sciences, and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, Porto, Portugal.

A 16-month-old girl who was hospitalized with pneumonia and treated with antibiotics died after the nurse erroneously connected her intravenous left forearm catheter to the oxygen supply. Autopsy revealed an impressive gas embolism in the left subclavian and brachiocephalic veins, reduced crepitus and enlarged lung volume, and congestion of the meningeal vessels with some areas showing small air bubbles. Dilation of the right atrium and the right ventricle with efflux under pressure of large amounts of air bubbles were observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0072-xDOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Pneumatosis intestinalis and hepatic portal venous gas associated with gas-forming bacterial translocation due to postoperative paralytic ileus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14079

Department of Diagnostic Pathology.

Rationale: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) are rare but potentially lethal conditions in which gas pathologically accumulates in the portal vein and intestinal wall, respectively. Proposed mechanisms include flatus escaping through an injured intestinal mucosa into the submucosa and thence into the portal venous system, or bacterial translocation (BT) of gas-forming enteric microorganisms from the gut into and through the intestinal wall to other organs. However, there has been no clear histopathological evidence to support these hypotheses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336625PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

An unusual case of bilateral pulmonary embolism in a patient on dual venous thromboprophylaxis, secondary to heparin induced thrombocytopenia.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2018 11;8(6):376-379. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Heparin Induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a rare, immune-mediated complication of heparin, associated with both thrombocytopenia and paradoxical thrombotic events. Initial diagnosis is made clinically when platelet count falls by 30% to <100 × 10cells/l or a > 50% decrease from baseline count in association with heparin therapy. Thromboembolic complications are seen in 50% of the cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20009666.2018.1554099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292353PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Retrograde cerebral venous air embolism following difficult intubation.

Can J Anaesth 2019 May 12;66(5):605-606. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12630-018-01275-7DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

CO embolism can complicate transanal total mesorectal excision.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 11 6;22(11):881-885. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 67 Belmont Street, Suite 201, Worcester, MA, 01604, USA.

Background: Carbon dioxide (CO) embolism is a rare but potentially devastating complication of minimally invasive abdominal and retroperitoneal surgery. Characterized by a decrease in end-tidal CO (ETCO) and oxygen saturation (SpO), CO emboli can cause rapid intraoperative hypotension and cardiovascular collapse. Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is a novel surgical approach for rectal resection, which requires high flow CO insufflation in a low volume operative field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10151-018-1897-8DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Spontaneous pulmonary air embolism in a child undergoing procedural deep sedation: case report and review of the literature.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018 Nov;22(22):7916-7919

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli - IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

We performed a systematic review of the literature starting from a real case of venous air embolism (VAE) in a young infant undergoing central catheterization during procedural sedation. Air embolism due to internal jugular vein catheterization during procedural sedation is very rare, but it is a potentially life-threatening complication of central catheterization that warrants attention. To our knowledge, this is the first case published in a similar scenario. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201811_16418DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Venous air embolus during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy: A case report.

J Intensive Care Soc 2018 Nov 1;19(4):354-356. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK.

We describe the first case of venous air embolism during percutaneous tracheostomy performed during continuous renal replacement therapy with citrate anticoagulation. Venous air embolism is a known risk during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy; concurrent use of extracorporeal circuits may present a compounded risk due to the negative pressure developed by the blood pump. Use of regional citrate anticoagulation, permitting invasive procedures to be performed without discontinuing renal replacement therapy, may lead to an increase in the incidence of venous air embolism during tracheostomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1751143718755015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259082PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Air Embolism into Superior Mesenteric Artery Following Replacement of Ascending Aorta for Aortic Dissection - A Rare and Fatal Case.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2018 Oct 18;102(1):68. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Surgery, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, CZ.

We report an unusual case of fatal air embolism into the superior mesenteric artery in a patient, who underwent replacement of the ascending aorta for aortic dissection type A. CT performed twice on the first postoperative day showed abundant air in the superior mesenteric artery and its branches (but not in the portal-venous system) indicating air embolism with no signs of bowel necrosis. On the second postoperative day, the patient underwent extensive bowel resection due to bowel ischemia and died on the third postoperative day on MODS/SIRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbsr.822DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196575PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

The use of end-tidal argon to detect venous air embolism: foiled by "fake oxygen!"

J Clin Monit Comput 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Venous air-embolism (VAE) potentially catastrophic complication surgery. Based on previous data using changes in end-tidal nitrogen as an indicator of VAE, we surmised that changes in end-tidal argon (EtAr) may be an indicator of VAE. We sought to determine if a commercial mass-spectrometer (PCT Proline Analyzer 61700-8 Class 85, Ametek, Pittsburgh, PA 15238) could be used to detect changes in EtAr in an invitro model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10877-018-0223-3DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Portal Venous Gas.

Authors:
Ming Cui Xin Lu

N Engl J Med 2018 Nov;379(21):e37

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMicm1806082
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1806082DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Exploring the use of single-port surgery in the conservative management of hepatic portal vein gas: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13368

Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery.

Rationale: Hepatic portal vein gas (HPVG) is known as a sign of a lethal condition resulting from bowel necrosis. Recently, the detection rate of non-life-threatening cases of HPVG has increased due to the technological development of imaging, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392919PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Bubble Formation in Children and Adolescents after Two Standardised Shallow Dives.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Jan 20;40(1):31-37. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

German Sport University, Institute of Physiology and Anatomy, Cologne, Germany.

Circulating venous bubbles after dives are associated with symptoms of decompression sickness in adults. Up to now it is not known to what extent children and adolescents are subjected to a bubble formation during their shallow dives and if there are possible indications for that. The aim of this pilot study is to investigate whether bubbles and/or symptoms occur after standardised repeated dives performed by young divers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0777-2279DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

A prospective case series evaluating use of an in-line air detection and purging system to reduce air burden during major surgery.

Perioper Med (Lond) 2018 8;7:23. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

3Department of Pediatrics, NYU Langone Health, School of Medicine , New York, NY USA.

Background: Intravascular air embolism (AE) is a preventable but potentially catastrophic complication caused by intravenous tubing, trauma, and diagnostic and surgical procedures. The potentially fatal risks of arterial AE are well-known, and emerging evidence demonstrates impact of venous AEs on inflammatory response and coagulation factors. A novel FDA-approved in-line air detection and purging system was used to detect and remove air caused by administering a rapid fluid bolus during surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13741-018-0104-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223009PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Venous air embolism: ultrasonographic diagnosis and treatment with hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Br J Anaesth 2018 Dec 17;121(6):1215-1217. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Department of medicine, Norwich, UK.

A man with neuromuscular respiratory failure requiring intubation and ventilation suffered a venous air embolism during inadvertent administration of 5 ml of air. Ultrasound (US) imaging confirmed an air embolus in the left subclavian vein, which was only partially treated by US-guided aspiration. The embolus completely resolved on US imaging during hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and the patient recovered with no complications secondary to the embolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of three methods for removing massive air in a cardiopulmonary bypass circuit: simulation-based multi-discipline training in West China Hospital.

Perfusion 2019 04 19;34(3):203-210. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background And Objective: A multi-discipline cardiac and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) team simulation scenario was established to compare three different de-airing approaches dealing with massive air embolism in CPB, so as to formulate a standardized procedure to handle this adverse acute event more proficiently and ensure clinical safety.

Method: A simulation-based clinical CPB massive air embolism scenario was developed by a cardiac and CPB team. Study Objects: Five licensed perfusionists and five CPB trainees were matched randomly into five pairs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267659118806120DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Asymptomatic systemic air embolism after CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy.

Clin Imaging 2019 Jan - Feb;53:49-57. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Radiology, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Pusan, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: We presented details and incidence of systemic arterial embolism (SAE) following a CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) and evaluated risk factors for SAEs.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 1014 PTNBs performed in our hospital from 2005 to 2017. SAE was identified in the pulmonary vein, left heart, coronary artery, and aorta by reviewing post-biopsy CT images. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08997071183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.09.004DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Paramedian Supracerebellar Approach in Semi-Sitting Position for Endoscopic Resection of Pineal Cyst: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar;16(3):E79

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

In this video, we present the case of a 41-yr-old female with new onset of recurrent syncopal episodes. She underwent extensive evaluations and diagnostic work-up by cardiology and neurology, excluding any other cause than a large pineal cyst that was found on magnetic resonance imaging.  Surgical indications for pineal cyst resection are very limited as most pineal cyst can be treated conservatively. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ons/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ons
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy216DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Repeated cardiac arrest caused by an air embolism during hepatic resection: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(39):e12639

Department of Anesthesia, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, PR China.

Rationale: Although venous air embolism (VAE) during liver operation has been reported occasionally, fatal VAE in hepatic resection is uncommon. Prompt detection of VAE by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is crucial for effective therapy. We describe a case of fatal VAE that caused repeated cardiac arrest during hepatic resection and was confirmed by TEE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012639DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181541PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

Oxygen saturation or respiratory rate to improve risk stratification in hemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism.

J Thromb Haemost 2018 Dec 15;16(12):2397-2402. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Internal and Cardiovascular Medicine - Stroke Unit, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Essentials In acute pulmonary embolism (PE), risk stratification is essential to drive clinical management. Improving the 2014-ESC risk stratification strategy is crucial in hemodynamically stable patients. Oxygen saturation and respiratory rate improve risk stratification in hemodynamically stable PE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jth.14299DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Skull Base Venous Anatomy Associated with Endoscopic Skull Base Neurosurgery: A Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 21;120:405-414. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

An understanding of the anatomy and function of the skull base venous channels is fundamentally important for safe performance of endoscopic surgery for skull base lesions. This review focuses on 4 skull base venous channels-namely, the intercavernous sinuses, basilar plexus, osseous veins, and inferior petroclival vein-because these have been less recognized by neurosurgeons than other major venous channels such as the inferior petrosal sinus. We reviewed the literature concerning these 4 venous channels and discussed their anatomy and function. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183211
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.067DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

A case of retrograde venous air embolism causing cerebral infarction following upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: A novel pathophysiological mechanism.

Radiol Case Rep 2018 Dec 11;13(6):1093-1096. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

University of California-Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA.

The incidence of cerebral infarction following upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures is well described in the existing literature, with most mechanisms involving arterial travel of the embolus. We describe a case of cerebral infarction not explained by previously described mechanisms and detail the proposed occurrence of retrograde venous air embolism causing cerebral infarction following an upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.08.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139006PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Delayed lethal pulmonary air embolism after a gunshot head injury.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 15;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kantonsspital Graubunden, Chur, Switzerland.

We present a case of a young male patient with a fatal pulmonary air embolism following a penetrating gunshot head injury. He suffered from severe head trauma including a laceration of the superior sagittal sinus. Operative neurosurgical intervention did not establish a watertight closure of the wounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223545DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Unexpected complication during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support: Ventilator associated systemic air embolism.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Sep;6(9):274-278

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kangwon National University Hospital, School of Medicine, Kangwon National Univerity, Chuncheon 24289, South Korea.

Systemic air embolism through a bronchovenous fistula (BVF) has been described in patients undergoing positive-pressure ventilation. However, no report has mentioned the potential risks of systemic air embolism through a BVF in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Positive-pressure ventilation and ECMO support in patients with lung injury can increase the risk of systemic air embolism through a BVF. Read More

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http://www.wjgnet.com/2307-8960/full/v6/i9/274.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i9.274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134283PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Reliability of venous gas embolism detection in the subclavian area for decompression stress assessment following scuba diving.

Diving Hyperb Med 2018 Sep;48(3):132-140

French Navy Diving School, Toulon, France.

Introduction: Ultrasonic detection of venous gas emboli (VGE) in the precordial (PRE) region is commonly used in evaluation of decompression stress. While subclavian (SC) VGE detection can also be used to augment and improve the evaluation, no study has rigorously compared VGE grades from both sites as decompression stress indicators.

Methods: This retrospective study examined 1,016 man-dives breathing air extracted from the Defence Research and Development Canada dataset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.28920/dhm48.3.132-140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205931PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Massive air embolism while removing a central venous catheter.

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):176-178

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.

Air embolism is a rare but mostly iatrogenic complication of medical or surgical procedures and may have a serious outcome. On the removal of a central venous catheter (CVC), minor carelessness can lead to a venous air embolism sometimes accompanied by arterial embolism. We experienced the case of a 61-year-old male who suffered from a paradoxical systemic air embolism while we removed a CVC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_14_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116308PMC
September 2018
32 Reads

Hepatic Portal Venous Gas: Review of Ultrasonographic Findings and the Use of the "Meteor Shower" Sign to Diagnose It.

Ultrasound Q 2018 Dec;34(4):268-271

Ultrasonography (US) is believed to be the most available method of detecting hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) with real-time imaging capability. Hepatic portal venous gas has characteristic image appearances in various ultrasound modes such as bright mode, Doppler mode, and even motion (M) mode. In this article, we give a comprehensive review of the image appearances of HPVG among different modes of US with a special focus on the M mode US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000376DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Venous air embolisms and sitting position in Helsinki pineal region surgery.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 10;9:160. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Nowadays, the sitting position has lost favor among neurosurgeons partly due to assumptions of increased complications, such as venous air embolisms (VAEs) and hemodynamic disturbances. The aim of our study is to describe the importance of some anesthetic considerations and the utility of antigravity trousers as well, together with a skillful neurosurgery and an imperative proper teamwork, in order to prevent the risk of severe VAE during pineal region surgery. We routinely use them for the variant of the sitting position we developed, the "praying position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_128_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094495PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

A Rare Case of Cerebral Air Embolism Caused by Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation After Removal of a Central Venous Catheter.

Kurume Med J 2018 Dec 30;65(1):17-21. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Radiology, Kurume University School of Medicine.

Cerebral air embolism following central venous catheter (CVC) removal is extremely rare. We report a case of cerebral air embolism with loss of consciousness after removal of CVC caused by pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). Computed tomography revealed air bubbles in the internal carotid arteries along the sulci in the cerebral hemispheres, as well as a PAVM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2739/kurumemedj.MS651006DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Urgent Repositioning After Venous Air Embolism During Intracranial Surgery in the Seated Position: A Case Series.

J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Background: Venous air embolism (VAE) is a well-described complication of neurosurgical procedures performed in the seated position. Although most often clinically insignificant, VAE may result in hemodynamic or neurological compromise resulting in urgent change to a level position. The incidence, intraoperative course, and outcome in such patients are provided in this large retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANA.0000000000000534DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Cerebral air embolism from a Central Venous Catheter: A timely reminder of the importance of rapid diagnosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 16;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Neurology, CAMC Health System, Charleston, West Virginia, USA.

Cerebral air embolism (CAE) is a rare, avoidable and potentially fatal iatrogenic complication. Here, we report a case of CAE associated with a central venous catheter in the internal jugular vein that resulted in neurological deficits and generalised epileptic seizures. A 64-year-old man admitted for fasciotomy for compartment syndrome developed CAE with left-sided neurological deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225120DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

The relationship between end-expired carbon dioxide tension and severity of venous air embolism during sitting neurosurgical procedures - A contemporary analysis.

J Clin Anesth 2018 Dec 7;51:49-54. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55902, USA. Electronic address:

Study Objective: Determine if changes in expired carbon dioxide tension correlate with the severity of venous air embolism (VAE) associated hemodynamic changes in humans.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Setting: A single academic medical center with high-volume neurosurgical practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09528180183059
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2018.08.007DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Uncommon Occurrences of Air Embolism: Description of Cases and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Crit Care 2018 8;2018:5808390. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Anesthesia and Intensive Care Department, Cattinara Hospital, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Trieste, University of Trieste, Strada di Fiume 447, 34149 Trieste, Italy.

Many different risk factors have been associated with the occurrence of gas embolism making this potentially lethal complication easily avoidable. However, this condition can occur in circumstances not commonly reported. Three different and extremely uncommon cases of gas embolism are presented and discussed: the first was caused by the voluntary ingestion of hydrogen peroxide, the second occurred during a retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and the last followed the intrapleural injection of Urokinase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5808390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057342PMC
July 2018
7 Reads