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    Gas Embolism During Hysteroscopic Surgery?: Three Cases and a Literature Review.
    A A Case Rep 2017 May 12. Epub 2017 May 12.
    From the Departments of *Anesthesia and Intensive Care, †Gynecology and Obstetrics, and ‡Cardiology, Nordland Hospital, Bodø, Norway; and §Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Nord University, Bodø, and University of Oslo, Norway.
    During a period of 1 month, 3 episodes of probable or actual venous air embolism occurred during hysteroscopic surgery. All patients developed the same symptoms of ventilatory and hemodynamic decompensation, beginning with a reduction in end-tidal carbon dioxide, arterial desaturation, and cyanosis on the upper trunk, and rapidly progressed to hypotension and 2 cardiac arrests. While entrainment of some air is common during hysteroscopy, life-threatening embolism is a rare but serious complication for which an anesthetist needs to be vigilant and prepared. Read More

    Acute pulmonary edema and thrombocytopenia following venous air embolism during sitting position neurosurgery.
    Asian J Neurosurg 2017 Apr-Jun;12(2):214-216
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, GB Pant Hospital, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
    Venous air embolism (VAE) is a well-known complication of sitting position neurosurgery which most characteristically manifests as mild to severe hemodynamic alterations. Development of pulmonary edema is a known, though infrequent, manifestation of VAE. We report here the occurrence of acute pulmonary edema without accompanying hemodynamic changes in a patient undergoing retromastoid craniotomy and tumor decompression in the sitting position. Read More

    Mechanical complications of central venous catheterisation in trauma patients.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2017 May;99(5):390-393
    Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Department of Surgery, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa.
    INTRODUCTION Central venous catheterisation (CVC) is a commonly performed procedure in a wide variety of hospital settings and is associated with appreciable morbidity. There is a paucity of literature focusing on mechanical complications specifically in the trauma setting. The aim of our study was to determine the spectrum of mechanical complications in a high-volume trauma centre in a developing world setting where ultrasound guidance was not available. Read More

    Retrograde Cerebral Air Embolism in a Patient with Intestinal Necrosis: A Case Report.
    Balkan Med J 2017 Apr 13. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Background: Cerebral venous air embolism (CVAE) is a severe clinical condition related to unfavoured outcome in patients with neurological impairment. CVAE may occur secondary to arterial or venous interventions. A rare mechanism of CVAE is retrograde embolism that is characterized by gas flow in a direction opposite to that of the normal blood flow. Read More

    Venous air embolism: An under-recognised entity in blunt-force trauma and the importance of radiology.
    Med Sci Law 2017 Apr 14;57(2):95-99. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    2 Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Air embolism (AE) is considered a rare event and can be either iatrogenic or traumatic. Various post-mortem methods to detect AE exist, of which radiology is preferred. The presence of air in the heart can be demonstrated using special dissection techniques where the heart is opened under water or by needle puncture from a water-filled syringe. Read More

    Safety of air travel in the immediate postoperative period after anatomic pulmonary resection.
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 May 16;153(5):1191-1196.e1. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address:
    Objective: The study objective was to determine whether air travel in the immediate postoperative period after anatomic pulmonary resection is associated with increased morbidity or mortality.

    Methods: All patients undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection at the Mayo Clinic (2005-2012) were identified and sent surveys querying their mode of transportation home after hospital dismissal and any complications encountered during or shortly after this travel. This included pneumonia, hospital readmission, deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism, and specific pleural complications (pneumothorax, empyema, or chest tube placement). Read More

    Vascular Air Embolism During Bronchoscopy Procedures- Incidence, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management and Outcomes.
    Cureus 2017 Mar 9;9(3):e1087. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine.
    Vascular air embolism (VAE) is a rare, but potentially fatal complication of invasive medical or surgical procedures. It is a very rare complication of bronchoscopy and is most frequently reported with therapeutic bronchoscopy with Argon plasma coagulation (APC) or neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) laser. Despite being rare, as a result of its high chance of mortality and morbidity, it is imperative that physicians have high clinical suspicion to allow for early recognition and treatment. Read More

    Suspected air embolism through the thoracic ventral internal vertebral venous plexus during hemilaminectomy in dogs.
    J Small Anim Pract 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    School of Veterinary Sciences, Small Animal Hospital, University of Bristol, Langford, BS40 5DU, UK.
    Venous air embolism entering via the ventral internal vertebral venous plexus was suspected during thoracic spinal surgery in two dogs. In both cases, air was seen bubbling from a pool of blood on the floor of the vertebral canal accompanied by sudden cardiopulmonary disturbances: low end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure, tachycardia and reduction in oxygen in the blood. One dog became dyspnoeic and one died. Read More

    Complications of Peripheral Venous Access Devices: Prevention, Detection, and Recovery Strategies.
    Crit Care Nurse 2017 Apr;37(2):e1-e14
    Elizabeth A. Mattox is an acute care nurse practitioner in the pulmonary and critical care medicine division at the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington.
    Most hospitalized patients have placement of a peripheral venous access device, either a short peripheral catheter or a peripherally inserted central catheter. Compared with central venous catheters that are not peripherally inserted, the other 2 types are generally perceived by health care providers as safer and less complicated to manage, and less emphasis is placed on the prevention and management of complications. Expertise of nurses in inserting, managing, and removing these devices may reduce the likelihood of complications, and increased recognition of complications associated with use of the devices is important to ensure continued improvements in the safety, quality, and efficiency of health care. Read More

    A comparative evaluation of two decompression procedures for technical diving using inflammatory responses: compartmental versus ratio deco.
    Diving Hyperb Med 2017 Mar;47(1):9-16
    Institute for Life Sciences, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare two decompression procedures commonly adopted by technical divers: the ZH-L16 algorithm modified by 30/85 gradient factors (compartmental decompression model, CDM) versus the 'ratio decompression strategy' (RDS). The comparison was based on an analysis of changes in diver circulating inflammatory profiles caused by decompression from a single dive.

    Methods: Fifty-one technical divers performed a single trimix dive to 50 metres' sea water (msw) for 25 minutes followed by enriched air (EAN50) and oxygen decompression. Read More

    Deep vein thrombosis related to environment (Review).
    Mol Med Rep 2017 May 24;15(5):3445-3448. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    The first-time venous thromboembolism (VTE) is less frequent than other thrombotic events, however, both the pulmonary embolism (PE) and the deep vein thrombosis (DVT) show a frequent morbidity. Many factors play as risk situations in determining VTE, and the air exposure to the fine and ultrafine particulate matter (PM) as PM10, PM2.5, PM0. Read More

    Pneumocephalus in a patient with multiple stab wounds.
    Turk J Emerg Med 2017 Mar 4;17(1):1-3. Epub 2016 Jul 4.
    Department of Radiology, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.
    Pneumocephalus is a complication of trauma to the chest and many iatrogenic interventions. It may arise due to systemic air embolism or retrograde cerebral venous air embolism which is an extremely rare complication. We report a 26-years-old female patient who presented to the Emergency Department suffering of multiple stab wounds. Read More

    Air Embolism During Posterior Spinal Fusion in a 10-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report.
    A A Case Rep 2017 Mar 15. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    From the Department of Anaesthesia, Lady Cilento Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
    Venous air embolism is a rare but recognized complication of posterior spinal fusion surgery and epidural placement using a loss of resistance to air technique. We report a case of a probable venous air embolism causing cardiac arrest in a 10-year-old girl undergoing posterior spinal fusion in the prone position. The most likely source of the embolism was injection of air into the epidural space from a loss of resistance to air technique. Read More

    Ultrasonographic detection of air in the superior sagittal sinus in a neonate with transposition of the great arteries.
    Radiol Case Rep 2017 Mar 22;12(1):204-206. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, IWK Health Centre and Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Cerebral venous air embolism is a relatively rare condition that arises from iatrogenic or traumatic introduction of air into the venous system. We describe the ultrasonographic findings in a 1-day-old infant with iatrogenic retrograde cerebral venous air embolism, which to our knowledge, is the earliest case reported in the literature to date. This case highlights the role of cerebral ultrasonography in the detection and surveillance of cerebral venous air embolism in neonates. Read More

    Size of Sclerosing Foams Prepared by Ultrasound, Mechanical Agitation, and the Handmade Tessari Method for Treatment of Varicose Veins.
    J Ultrasound Med 2017 Mar 27;36(3):649-658. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
    Objectives: Sclerotherapy is a therapeutic method used in the treatment of varicose veins and works by occluding damaged blood vessels with a chemical solution. Foam sclerotherapy is an attractive treatment because the results are more effective than those obtained by using liquid sclerosants. However, serious neurologic complications, which are likely related to air embolism, have been reported after treatment with foams generated by the handmade method (Tessari technique) most often used clinically. Read More

    Pulmonary Air Embolism: An Infrequent Complication in the Radiology Suite.
    Am J Case Rep 2017 Jan 24;18:80-84. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.
    BACKGROUND Air embolism can occur in a number of medical-surgical situations. Venous air embolism is frequently lethal when a substantial amount enters the venous circulation rapidly and can lead to significant morbidity if crossover to the systemic arterial circulation occurs. The diagnosis of massive air embolism is usually made on clinical grounds by the development of abrupt hemodynamic compromise. Read More

    The Homburg lung - efficacy and safety of a minimal-invasive pump-driven device for veno-venous extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal.
    ASAIO J 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    * Department of Internal Medicine V - Pneumology, Allergology and Critical Care Medicine, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg, Germany † Department of Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular Perfusion, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg, Germany ‡ Maquet Clinical Concepts, MaquetGetinge Group, Rastatt, Germany § Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany ¶ Kliniken Maria Hilf, Division of Cardiology, Electrophysiology and Critical Care Medicine, Mönchengladbach, Germany.
    Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) is increasingly considered a viable therapeutic approach in the management of hypercapnic lung failure in order to avoid intubation or to allow lung-protective ventilator settings. This study aimed to analyze efficacy and safety of a minimal-invasive ECCO2R device, the Homburg lung. The Homburg lung is a pump-driven system for veno-venous ECCO2R with ¼" tubing and a 0. Read More

    Venous gas emboli are involved in post-dive macro, but not microvascular dysfunction.
    Eur J Appl Physiol 2017 Feb 21;117(2):335-344. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    ORPHY Laboratory, UBO, 6 avenue Le Gorgeu, 29200, Brest, France.
    Purpose: Previous studies have shown vascular dysfunction of main conductance arteries and microvessels after diving. We aim to evaluate the impact of bubble formation on vascular function and haemostasis. To achieve this, we used a vibration preconditioning to influence bubble levels without changing any other parameters linked to the dive. Read More

    Totally Implantable Venous Access Devices: A Review of Complications and Management Strategies.
    Am J Clin Oncol 2017 Feb;40(1):94-105
    *Surgical Outcomes Analysis & Research †Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
    Objective: Totally implantable venous access devices (portacaths, or "ports"), are widely used for intermittent central venous access especially for cancer patients. Although ports have a superior safety margin compared with other long-term venous access devices, there are a number of complications associated with their use.

    Methods: This is a narrative review. Read More

    Venous Air Embolism during Hysteroscopic Myomectomy: An Analysis of 7 Cases.
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 2017 Jan 4. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, KU Leuven, Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Venous air embolism (VAE) is a rare but potentially fatal complication of hysteroscopic myomectomy. The symptoms of VAE range from mild and clinically insignificant to complete cardiovascular collapse during surgery. Anesthesiologists and surgeons should be aware of the clinical characteristics and predisposing factors of this possible adverse event. Read More

    Cardiac Arrest as a Consequence of Air Embolism: A Case Report and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Med 2016 27;2016:8236845. Epub 2016 Nov 27.
    Department of Internal Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA.
    Air embolism is an infrequent but potentially catastrophic complication. It could be a complication of invasive procedures including surgery, central line placement, positive pressure ventilation, trauma, hemodialysis, pacemaker placement, cardiac ablation, and decompression sickness. Usually, it does not cause any hemodynamic complication. Read More

    Use of Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Management of Massive Air Embolism During Hysteroscopic Metroplasty.
    J Extra Corpor Technol 2016 Dec;48(4):198-200
    Namazee Teaching Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    The patient was a 32-year-old woman who presented with infertility secondary to uterine didelphys. Hysteroscopic metroplasty was chosen as the corrective surgical procedure for this anatomical defect. During the surgical repair, the patient developed a massive air embolism (MAE) leading to hypotension, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock. Read More

    The semisitting position: analysis of the risks and surgical outcomes in a contemporary series of 425 adult patients undergoing cranial surgery.
    J Neurosurg 2016 Dec 16:1-10. Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    Department of Neurosurgery.
    OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of the primary complications related to positioning or surgery and their impact on neurological outcome in a consecutive series of patients undergoing elective surgery in the semisitting position. METHODS The authors prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed data from adult patients undergoing elective surgery in the semisitting position for a cranial disease. Patients were managed perioperatively according to a standard institutional protocol, a standardized stepwise positioning, and surgical maneuvers to decrease the risk of venous air embolism (VAE) and other complications. Read More

    Venous and arterial air embolism: a rare phenomenon with fatal consequences.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Dec 5;2016. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Department of Internal Medicine, St Mary's Hospital, Waterbury, Connecticut, USA.
    Air embolism is often an iatrogenic complication which may occur in venous or arterial circulation depending on the port of entry. We present two cases in which air embolism occurred in venous and arterial circulation after contrast medium injection (CMI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, respectively. In one case, accumulation of air bubbles was observed in the pulmonary artery after CMI. Read More

    Fontan Fenestration Closure Prior to Posterior Spinal Fusion in Patients With Single-Ventricle Heart Disease.
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2016 Dec;41(23):E1425-E1428
    The Heart Center, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children; University of Central Florida School of Medicine (MCS, DN, CF); Division of Cardiac Anesthesia, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children (HMM, DF); and Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children (JP, RDK).
    Study Design: Case series.

    Objective: To describe transcatheter closure of the Fontan fenestration prior to posterior spinal fusion in two children to prevent paradoxical venous air embolism during the operation.

    Summary Of Background Data: Scoliosis is common among patients with single-ventricle congenital heart disease who have undergone Fontan operation and spinal surgery can offer physiologic benefits. Read More

    Two Cardiac Arrests Because of Venous Air Embolism During Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography: A Case Report.
    A A Case Rep 2017 Feb;8(3):47-50
    From the Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Toledo College of Medicine, Toledo, Ohio.
    Venous air embolism is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We report 2 cases of venous air embolism and subsequent cardiac arrests. During resuscitation efforts, a transesophageal echocardiogram was placed, which demonstrated significant air in the right heart. Read More

    Venous air embolism in the sitting position in cranial neurosurgery: incidence and severity according to the used monitoring.
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2017 Feb 28;159(2):339-346. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical School Hannover (OE8050), Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.
    Background: There is an ongoing debate about the sitting position (SP) in neurosurgical patients. The SP provides a number of advantages as well as severe complications such as commonly concerning venous air embolism (VAE). The best monitoring system for the detection of VAE is still controversial. Read More

    [Massive cerebral air embolism following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A case report and review of the literature].
    Rev Neurol 2016 Dec;63(11):497-500
    Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Espana.
    Introduction: Cerebral air embolism following endoscopic processes is an infrequent complication, but can have catastrophic consequences.

    Case Report: An 85-year-old male diagnosed with distal cholangiocarcinoma with criteria for unresectability who was submitted to placement of a biliary drainage prosthesis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed to change the prosthesis. Read More

    Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Hemodialysis Emergencies.
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2017 Feb 9;12(2):357-369. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
    Given the high comorbidity in patients on hemodialysis and the complexity of the dialysis treatment, it is remarkable how rarely a life-threatening complication occurs during dialysis. The low rate of dialysis emergencies can be attributed to numerous safety features in modern dialysis machines; meticulous treatment and testing of the dialysate solution to prevent exposure to trace elements, toxins, and pathogens; adherence to detailed treatment protocols; and extensive training of dialysis staff to handle medical emergencies. Most hemodialysis emergencies can be attributed to human error. Read More

    Air Embolism: Practical Tips for Prevention and Treatment.
    J Clin Med 2016 Oct 31;5(11). Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Mayo Clinic Arizona, Division of Vascular & Interventional Radiology, Phoenix, AZ 85054, USA.
    Air embolism is a rarely encountered but much dreaded complication of surgical procedures that can cause serious harm, including death. Cases that involve the use of endovascular techniques have a higher risk of air embolism; therefore, a heightened awareness of this complication is warranted. In particular, central venous catheters and arterial catheters that are often placed and removed in most hospitals by a variety of medical practitioners are at especially high risk for air embolism. Read More

    Dobutamine stress echocardiography resulting in acute gastric dilatation and pneumoporta.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2016 Nov 7;98(8):e157-e159. Epub 2016 Jul 7.
    Musgrove Park Hospital , Taunton , UK.
    Acute gastric dilatation is a rare cause of gas within the hepatic portal vein, but one that is important to recognise as prompt decompression via a nasogastric tube is usually successful in resolving the situation. We report the rare case of a 68-year-old man with spontaneous acute gastric dilatation 50 minutes after a dobutamine stress echo that resulted in pneumoporta. The patient had a Nissen's fundoplication 18 months previously; patients with previous antireflux surgery or who have a degree of gastric outlet obstruction may be at increased risk of this unusual condition. Read More

    Environmental and Genetic Risk Factors Associated with Venous Thromboembolism.
    Semin Thromb Hemost 2016 Nov 20;42(8):808-820. Epub 2016 Oct 20.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Vascular Emergencies, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors contributes to VTE risk. Within environmental risk factors, some are provoking (e.g. Read More

    A case of hepatic portal venous gas after colonoscopy.
    Arab J Gastroenterol 2016 Sep 19;17(3):140-142. Epub 2016 Sep 19.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare radiologic finding that is usually precipitated by intestinal ischaemia, intra-abdominal abscesses, necrotising enterocolitis, abdominal trauma, infectious enteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we present a case of HPVG in a 66-year-old female patient who underwent colonoscopy for evaluation of haematochezia and a review of the literature focused on HPVG following colonoscopy. Read More

    [Injuries to blood vessels near the heart caused by central venous catheters].
    Anaesthesist 2016 Nov;65(11):866-871
    Bodensee Medizin Campus, Klinik für Anästhesie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin und Schmerztherapie, Röntgenstraße 2, 88048, Friedrichshafen, Deutschland.
    Injuries to blood vessels near the heart can quickly become life-threatening and include arterial injuries during central venous puncture, which can lead to hemorrhagic shock. We report 6 patients in whom injury to the subclavian artery and vein led to life-threatening complications. Central venous catheters are associated with a multitude of risks, such as venous thrombosis, air embolism, systemic or local infections, paresthesia, hemothorax, pneumothorax, and cervical hematoma, which are not always immediately discernible. Read More

    Fatal Cerebral Air Embolism: A Case Series and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Crit Care 2016 21;2016:3425321. Epub 2016 Aug 21.
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center Affiliated to Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1650 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY 10457, USA.
    Cerebral air embolism (CAE) is an infrequently reported complication of routine medical procedures. We present two cases of CAE. The first patient was a 55-year-old male presenting with vomiting and loss of consciousness one day after his hemodialysis session. Read More

    Recurrence of Neurological Deficits in an F/A-18D Pilot Following Loss of Cabin Pressure at Altitude.
    Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2016 Aug;87(8):740-4
    Department of Emergency and Hyperbaric Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.
    Introduction: Supersonic, high altitude aviation places its pilots and aircrew in complex environments, which may lead to injury that is not easily diagnosed or simply treated. Decompression illness (either venous or arterial) and environmental conditions (e.g. Read More

    The Inter-Mammary Sticky Roll: A Novel Technique for Securing a Doppler Ultrasonic Probe to the Precordium for Venous Air Embolism Detection.
    Cureus 2016 Aug 1;8(8):e719. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego.
    Venous air embolism is a devastating and potentially life-threatening complication that can occur during neurosurgical procedures. We report the development and use of the "inter-mammary sticky roll," a technique to reliably secure a precordial Doppler ultrasonic probe to the chest wall during neurosurgical cases that require lateral decubitus positioning. We have found that this noninvasive technique is safe, and effectively facilitates a constant Doppler signal with no additional risk to the patient. Read More

    Simple handling of venous air embolism during abdominal myomectomy.
    Braz J Anesthesiol 2016 Sep-Oct;66(5):549-50. Epub 2014 Jun 7.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konya Education and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
    We report a case of venous air embolism during abdominal myomectomy. Although true incidence of venous air embolism is not known, in literature most of reported cases are belongs to sitting position craniotomies. Many of those are subclinical, and diagnostic methods have varying degrees of sensitivity and specificity. Read More

    A unique case of venous air embolus with survival.
    J Surg Case Rep 2016 Sep 1;2016(9). Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Memorial Regional Hospital, Division of Acute Care Surgery and Trauma, 3501 Johnson Street, Hollywood, FL 33021, USA.
    Venous air embolus (VAE) occurs when gas, specifically atmospheric air, enters into the vascular system. Although rare, they can be fatal due to risk of cardiovascular collapse. In this report, we present a unique case of a 66-year-old female trauma patient with an inferior vena cava air embolism. Read More

    Severe Venous Air Embolism Related to Positioning in Posterior Cranial Fossa Surgery in Siriraj Hospital.
    J Med Assoc Thai 2016 May;99(5):511-6
    Background: Posterior cranial fossa surgery is commonly performed under sitting and horizontal position in our institution. Venous air embolism is a potentially serious complication of neurosurgery especially in the sitting position.

    Objective: We aim to compare the incidence of severe venous air embolism and other complications of both positions. Read More

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