Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;176:179-198
Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, and Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, United States.
Dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVFs) are diverse, complex lesions that share the common feature of arteriovenous shunting without an intervening nidus. In this chapter, the ensuing discussion is organized by dAVF location, followed by further consideration of less common, distinct types of dAVFs-carotid cavernous fistulae, pial arteriovenous fistulae, and vein of Galen malformations. For each lesion type, epidemiology, clinical presentation, imaging findings, classification considerations, and treatment options are discussed. Read More