1,843 results match your criteria Vascular Filter Inferior Vena Cava

Duplication of the inferior vena cava: a case series.

J Int Med Res 2022 May;50(5):3000605221100771

Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

The inferior vena cava (IVC) may develop abnormally because of its complex embryogenesis. An understanding of congenital variants such as duplication of the IVC is essential for clinical interventions, particularly those performed by surgeons and radiologists. We herein describe five patients who were diagnosed with duplication of the IVC by computed tomography or angiography and summarize their imaging and clinical features. Read More

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Population-Based Disparities in Inferior Vena Cava Filter Procedures Among Medicare Enrollees With Acute Venous Thromboembolism.

J Am Coll Radiol 2022 Jun 27;19(6):722-732. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Chief Medical Officer, Vice President, Clinical Affairs, Technology & Innovation, Peripheral Interventions, Boston Scientific, Maple Grove, Minnesota.

Purpose: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) imposes a significant clinical and financial burden on patients and society. Inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) are considered for patients with absolute contraindications or failures of anticoagulation. However, studies examining the population-based disparities of IVCF placement and retrieval are limited. Read More

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Analysis of the Occurrence of Acute Pulmonary Embolism in the ICU Ward and Related Risk Factors Predicting Its Severity.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Mar 17;25(2):E190-E195. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Cardiovascular Medicine Department, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the occurrence of acute pulmonary embolism in the intensive care unit (ICU) and analyze the related risk factors for predicting its severity.

Methods: From January 2016 to December 2020, 83 patients with acute pulmonary embolism in the intensive care unit of Peking University People's Hospital were selected as the research subjects, including 34 males (40.96%) and 49 females (59. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Not-Retrieval Inferior Vena Cava Filter Under Anticoagulation.

Int Heart J 2022 ;63(2):306-311

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences.

Since permanent inferior vena cava (IVC) filters increase deep vein thrombosis (DVT), filter retrieval should be performed as possible. Despite the guideline recommendation, IVC filters are not always retrieved in clinical practice. To date, many patients with not-retrieval IVC filters have been prescribed anticoagulant therapy, but the long-term prognosis, including venous thromboembolism (VTE) and bleeding events, remains unknown. Read More

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Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg 2022 Jan 4;28(4):59-62. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Vascular Surgery Department - Tâmega e Sousa Hospital Center, Penafiel, Portugal.

Introduction: Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a potentially life-threatening complication of deep venous thrombosis, causing marked swelling and sudden severe pain in the limb, associated with cyanosis, edema and compartment syndrome that together compromise arterial supply. There is no consensus on its treatment.

Case Report: A 36-year-old woman, with a history of cosmetic surgery 8 days before admission (abdominal liposuction), was admitted to the emergency department with edema, cyanosis, severe pain, decreased temperature and tenderness of the left lower limb. Read More

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January 2022

Extensive Inferior Vena Cava Thrombosis Related to COVID-19 Infection in a Patient with Retrievable Filter Due to Multiple Pelvic Bone Fractures.

Vasc Specialist Int 2022 Mar 24;38. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is often attributed to IVC filters. Here, we describe the first case of IVC filter thrombosis associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection in a 34-year-old male with multiple pelvic fractures. The IVC filter was initially placed prophylactically prior to major orthopedic trauma reconstruction complicated by silent pulmonary embolism, precluding the safe transition to therapeutic anticoagulation due to the high hemorrhagic risk from pelvic fracture fixation. Read More

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Complete recovery of deep venous thrombosis from Coombs (+) thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: case report.

Mi Zhou Jie Yin

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Mar 21;17(1):43. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, the First Hospital Affiliated With Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Background: Acute thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is an aggressive thrombotic microangiopathy that if not treated, can have a 90% mortality rate. Timely, extensive plasma exchange (PEX) has been indicated to reduce the mortality rate to < 10%, but its side effects are not well-known. We present here a case of a patient presented with Comb (+) TTP and developed catheter-associated deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Read More

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Vena Cava Filters: Toward Optimal Strategies for Filter Retrieval and Patients' Follow-Up.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 3;9:746748. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Division, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Mortality rates associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) are high. Inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) have been frequently placed for these patients as part of their treatment, albeit the paucity of data showing their ultimate efficacy and potential risk of complications. Issues regarding long-term filter dwell time are accounted for in society guidelines. Read More

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Unretrievable IVC Filter Due to Cement Intravasation.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2022 07 18;45(7):1048-1050. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Interventional Medicine and Vascular, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, No.661 Huanghe 2nd Road, Binzhou, 256603, Shandong Province, China.

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Evaluation of a clinical decision support tool to predict permanence of retrievable inferior vena cava filters.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Jul 5;10(4):894-899. Epub 2022 Mar 5.

University of Illinois College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Chicago, IL.

Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of a published clinical decision support tool to predict the likelihood of a retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter being maintained as a permanent device.

Methods: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 1498 consecutive patients (852 men and 646 women; median age, 60 years; range, 18-98 years) who underwent retrievable IVC filter insertion between January 2012 and December 2019. The indications for IVC filtration, baseline neurologic disease, history of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and underlying malignancy were recorded. Read More

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Rarely Described Renal Malignancies Associated With Venous Tumor Thrombus.

Anticancer Res 2022 Mar;42(3):1351-1358

Department of Urology and Surgery, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL, U.S.A.;

Background/aim: Collecting duct carcinoma, epithelioid angiosarcoma and neuroendocrine/carcinoid tumor are uncommon renal malignancies, and their association with tumor thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava is extremely rare. Owing to the rarity of the above-mentioned malignancies and short follow-up of the cases published in the literature, the prognosis and clinical behavior of these tumors remains unclear. Up to date, the culprit of treatment is surgical management with radical nephrectomy, lymph node dissection, thrombectomy and vascular reconstruction if necessary. Read More

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Biopsy Forceps-Assisted Loop Snare Technique for Complex Retrieval of Inferior Vena Cava Filter.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2022 May 16;56(4):424-427. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Division of Vascular Surgery, 159426People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Severe tilt with embedded hooks is a common obstacle to successful inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrieval.

Methods: Disposal biopsy forceps were used to remodel the filter hook in the center position to release the embedded hook from the caval wall.

Results: The biopsy forceps-assisted loop snare technique was successfully used to retrieve filters with hooks embedded in the IVC wall. Read More

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The external jugular vein is a feasible and safe alternative access for retrieval of inferior vena cava filter.

J Vasc Access 2022 Feb 15:11297298211064467. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.

Purpose: The purpose is to analyze whether the external jugular vein (EJV) is a feasible and safe alternative access for the retrieval IVCFs designed for the jugular approach.

Methods: This study was designed as a nonrandomized, controlled study. The patients were divided into two groups: the IJV or EJV access groups. Read More

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February 2022

Low-Grade Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Extending to The Right Atrium.

Gulf J Oncolog 2021 Sep;1(37):95-98

College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma (ESS) are very uncommon malignant tumors that make around 0.2% of the entire uterine related malignancies. They represent the endometrial stromal cells in the proliferative stage. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical practice and volume trends of inferior vena cava filter usage at a single tertiary care center during a 19-year period.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Jul 3;10(4):887-893. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the clinical practice and volume trends of inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) usage at a single institution for an extended period and identified the potential factors affecting the clinical decision for placement, follow-up, and retrieval.

Methods: An institutional database was queried for IVCFs placed from 2000 to 2018 using the Current Procedural Terminology codes. The medical records were reviewed to evaluate the demographics, economic status, placement indication, IVCF type, follow-up evaluation for retrieval, and retrieval success rates. Read More

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Thromboembolic clinical event rates and mortality for patients with and without inferior vena cava filter retrieval in a multicenter study.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Jul 3;10(4):879-886. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Aurora Cardiovascular and Thoracic Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Milwaukee, Wis. Electronic address:

Objective: Despite the widespread use of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs), no large controlled trials have examined the IVCF retrieval rates and clinical events for patients without retrieved IVCFs. We hypothesized that IVCF retrieval success would decrease as the time from placement increased and that the clinical event rates would be more prevalent for those without a retrieved IVCF. We evaluated retrieval success as a function of time and compared the rates of venous thromboembolism and mortality between patients who had undergone IVCF retrieval within 12 months vs patients with unsuccessful IVCF retrieval. Read More

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May-Thurner syndrome: an unusual cause of unprovoked deep vein thrombosis of the left lower limb.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jan 20;15(1). Epub 2022 Jan 20.

General Surgery, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

May-Thurner syndrome, an unprovoked form of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), should be kept in mind in case of DVT with no predisposing factors. We present a case of a 37-year-old male with DVT of left lower limb due to May-Thurner syndrome, treated with anticoagulants with a plan of left common iliac vein (LCIV) stenting and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter later. Venous duplex scan showed features suggestive of May-Thurner syndrome. Read More

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January 2022

Do the benefits of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters outweigh the risks in trauma patients? A meta-analysis.

Acta Chir Belg 2022 Jun 27;122(3):151-159. Epub 2022 Jan 27.

Department of Surgery, Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Introduction: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether the benefits of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) outweigh the risks thereof.

Patients And Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for records published from 1980 to 2018 by two independent researchers (MG, GG). The endpoints of interest were pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) rates. Read More

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Ibero-American Society of Interventionism (SIDI) and the Spanish Society of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (SERVEI) Standard of Practice (SOP) for the Management of Inferior Vena Cava Filters in the Treatment of Acute Venous Thromboembolism.

J Clin Med 2021 Dec 24;11(1). Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal (IRYCIS), 28034 Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: to present an interventional radiology standard of practice on the use of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) in patients with or at risk to develop venous thromboembolism (VTE) from the Iberoamerican Interventional Society (SIDI) and Spanish Vascular and Interventional Radiology Society (SERVEI).

Methods: a group of twenty-two interventional radiologist experts, from the SIDI and SERVEI societies, attended online meetings to develop a current clinical practice guideline on the proper indication for the placement and retrieval of IVCFs. A broad review was undertaken to determine the participation of interventional radiologists in the current guidelines and a consensus on inferior vena cava filters. Read More

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December 2021

Atorvastatin versus placebo in patients with covid-19 in intensive care: randomized controlled trial.


BMJ 2022 01 7;376:e068407. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Objective: To assess the effect of statin treatment versus placebo on clinical outcomes in patients with covid-19 admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).

Design: INSPIRATION/INSPIRATION-S was a multicenter, randomized controlled trial with a 2×2 factorial design. Results for the anticoagulation randomization have been reported previously. Read More

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January 2022

Direct Iliac Vein Stenting in Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens Caused by May-Thurner Syndrome.

Vasc Specialist Int 2021 Dec 27;37:37. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Interventional Radiology Unit, Department of Medical Imaging, University Hospital of Heraklion, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Greece.

Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is an uncommon but potentially limb-threatening complication of acute deep vein thrombosis. A 56-year-old male presented with PCD. Color Doppler ultrasonography revealed extensive thrombosis of the left superficial and common femoral and external and common iliac veins. Read More

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December 2021

Endovascular retrieval of an inferior vena cava filter penetrating the false lumen of a chronic aortic dissection, with concomitant iliocaval reconstruction.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2021 26;11:64. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Department of Radiology, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

Inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) placement is indicated in patients with acute venous thromboembolism who cannot be adequately anticoagulated or have failed anticoagulation. Prompt IVCF retrieval decreases the risk of complications associated with longer dwell times including fracture, penetration, and further thromboembolic events. Endovascular IVCF retrieval has been performed despite penetration into adjacent structures including the aorta; however, penetration into the false lumen of an aortic dissection is rarely seen. Read More

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November 2021

Factors Associated With Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement and Retrieval for Patients With Cancer-Associated Thrombosis.

Am J Med 2022 Apr 30;135(4):478-487.e5. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Electronic address:

Background: Venous thromboembolism is a leading cause of death in patients with cancer. Inferior vena cava filters are utilized to mitigate the risk of pulmonary embolism for patients who have contraindication to, or failure of, anticoagulation.

Methods: We reviewed an insurance claims database to identify adults receiving cancer-directed therapy and had a new diagnosis of venous thromboembolism. Read More

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Management of inferior vena cava injury and secondary thrombosis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Nov;49(11):3000605211058868

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Medicine, Huaihua City, Hunan Province, China *Co-first author.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) remains an important method for treating upper urinary calculi. However, bleeding and peripheral vascular injury are serious complications of PCNL. Injury of the inferior vena cava accompanied by secondary thrombosis has rarely been reported clinically. Read More

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November 2021

Inferior vena cava filter reduces pulmonary embolism but does not increase deep venous thrombosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Asian J Surg 2022 Jan 20;45(1):592-593. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Department of Vascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

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January 2022

Successful management of infected right iliac pseudoaneurysm caused by penetration of migrated inferior vena cava filter: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Oct;9(30):9211-9217

Department of Vascular Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Indwelling inferior vena cava (IVC) filters might cause various complications, including filter penetration, filter fracture, filter migration, and thrombosis of the IVC. Penetration and migration complications are common, while a caudal migrated double-basket filter with associated infected iliac pseudoaneurysm has seldom been reported.

Case Summary: We report a 64-year-old female admitted for sudden onset of severe right abdominal pain after IVC filter placement for 3 mo. Read More

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October 2021

Placing a New Filter before Removing Embolized Nonconical Filter: A Report of 13 Cases.

Ann Vasc Surg 2022 Apr 12;81:249-257. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Permanent filter placement may result in numerous complications. Filter removal is recommended if there are no risks of pulmonary embolism. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of placing a new filter when the embolized nonconical filter is removed. Read More

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Controversies in Vascular Surgery.

Surg Clin North Am 2021 Dec;101(6):1097-1110

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. Electronic address:

There have been significant advances in vascular surgery in recent years. These advances include procedural techniques, choice of procedure, and application of nonoperative management. Endovascular techniques have expanded greatly over the past decade. Read More

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December 2021

Modified Sling Technique for Difficult Filter Retrieval.

Surg Technol Int 2021 10;39:317-320

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, IRCCS Cà Granda Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Caval filters are placed in the inferior vena cava (IVC) to prevent pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis. If there is no indication for thrombo-embolic risk prevention, the filter can be removed to reduce potential filter-related complications. Advanced endovascular techniques are frequently used to retrieve IVC filters. Read More

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October 2021