32,740 results match your criteria Vaginal Cancer

SIIV position paper: clinical approach to vulval diseases: need for quality standards.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Section of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

This paper summarizes the position of the Italian Society of Vulvology (SIIV) on the clinical approach to vulval disease. A thorough history (general medical, gynaecological, and vulval history) is essential for a successful and fruitful vulvological examination. Characteristics of pruritus (itch) and pain, that are the two main vulval symptoms, should be collected and reported with precision, according to duration, temporal course, location, provocation, and intensity. Read More

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A Preliminary Study on the Effects of Black Cohosh Preparations on Bone Metabolism of Rat Models With GnRH-a-Induced Peri-Menopausal Symptoms.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 9;13:854345. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Affiliated Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China.

Background: Endometriosis (EMS) is a relapsing and estrogen-dependent disease. For endometriosis such as deep endometriosis and ovarian endometrioid cysts, surgery is the most effective treatment. Long-term follow-up showed that the recurrence rate of endometriosis after surgical treatment was high, so postoperative drugs were needed to reduce recurrence, and Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-a) were the most commonly used drug for postoperative management. Read More

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Primary Vaginal Adenocarcinoma of Intestinal-Type: A Case Report of a Rare Tumor With Review of Histology, Differential Diagnosis, and Literature.

Cureus 2022 May 24;14(5):e25298. Epub 2022 May 24.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, USA.

Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma is a rare primary vaginal carcinoma. Vaginal adenocarcinomas are most frequently a metastatic lesion, and less commonly, have clear cell histology and occur in young women with diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure in utero. Due to the limited diagnostic power of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in differentiating primary from metastatic adenocarcinoma of the vagina, clinical and radiological correlation is critical in this scenario. Read More

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Tailored concept for the plastic closure of pelvic defects resulting from extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) or pelvic exenteration.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Dresden-Friedrichstadt General Hospital, Teaching Hospital of the Technical University of Dresden, Friedrichstr. 41, Dresden, D-01067, Germany.

Purpose: No standard exists for reconstruction after extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) and pelvic exenteration. We propose a tailored concept with the use of bilateral gluteal V-Y advancement flaps in non-extended ELAPE and with vertical myocutaneous rectus abdominis muscle (VRAM) flaps in extended procedures. This retrospective study analyzes the feasibility of this concept. Read More

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Continuous Vaginal Bleeding Induced By EGFR-TKI in Premenopausal Female Patients With EGFR Mutant NSCLC.

Front Oncol 2022 7;12:805538. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Thoracic Oncology of Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

EGFR-TKI is widely used for EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients. Bleeding is reported as a neglected adverse effect induced by EGFR-TKI. Female patients with lung adenocarcinoma have a high frequency of EGFR mutations. Read More

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ATM Pathway Is Essential for HPV-Positive Human Cervical Cancer-Derived Cell Lines Viability and Proliferation.

Pathogens 2022 Jun 1;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Oncovirology, Department of Microbiology, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo 05508-900, Brazil.

Infection with some mucosal human papillomavirus (HPV) types is the etiological cause of cervical cancer and of a significant fraction of vaginal, vulvar, anal, penile, and head and neck carcinomas. DNA repair machinery is essential for both HPV replication and tumor cells survival suggesting that cellular DNA repair machinery may play a dual role in HPV biology and pathogenesis. Here, we silenced genes involved in DNA Repair pathways to identify genes that are essential for the survival of HPV-transformed cells. Read More

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Plasmid-Based Gene Expression Systems for Lactic Acid Bacteria: A Review.

Microorganisms 2022 May 31;10(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan 731235, West Bengal, India.

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play a very vital role in food production, preservation, and as probiotic agents. Some of these species can colonize and survive longer in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), where their presence is crucially helpful to promote human health. LAB has also been used as a safe and efficient incubator to produce proteins of interest. Read More

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New Innovations for the Treatment of Vulvovaginal Atrophy: An Up-to-Date Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 6;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, 20132 Milan, Italy.

Vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) is a chronic progressive disease involving the female genital apparatus and lower urinary tract. This condition is related to hypoestrogenism consequent to menopause onset but is also due to the hormonal decrease after adjuvant therapy for patients affected by breast cancer. Considering the high prevalence of VVA and the expected growth of this condition due to the increase in the average age of the female population, it is easy to understand its significant social impact. Read More

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HPV and HIV Coinfection in Women from a Southeast Region of Romania-PICOPIV Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 3;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Center for Research and Development of the Morphological and Genetic Studies of Malignant Pathology, Ovidius University of Constanta, 145 Tomis Blvd., 900591 Constanta, Romania.

: Romania faces one of the highest cervical cancer burdens in Europe though it is a preventable cancer through population screening by cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) detection. Also, it has one of the highest incidences of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HPV and HIV coinfection are frequently encountered. Read More

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Effects of Kelulut Honey on Oestrus Cycle Regulation and Histomorphological Changes in Letrozole-Induced Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Rats: A Preliminary Study.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 14;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex reproductive, metabolic, and endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age. Kelulut honey is stingless bee honey that possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and potent antioxidative activities in most conditions. However, its value in improving PCOS remains to be elucidated. Read More

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Comparison of Surgical Outcomes of Hysterectomy by Vaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (vNOTES) versus Single-Port Access (SPA) Surgery.

J Pers Med 2022 May 26;12(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Gynecologic Cancer Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea.

Single-port access (SPA) laparoscopic surgery and vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) have many advantages. The objective of the present study is to compare patient characteristics, operative details, and postoperative outcomes between the two surgical methods. Patients who were planned to undergo vNOTES or SPA laparoscopic surgery between April 2020 and June 2021 were prospectively enrolled. Read More

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Our Experience in Using the Endovascular Therapy in the Management of Hemorrhages in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Emergency Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

(1) Background: A quarter of maternal deaths are caused by post-partum hemorrhage; hence obstetric bleeding is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among women. Pelvic artery embolization (PAE) represents a minimally invasive interventional procedure which plays an important role in conservative management of significant bleeding in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect and the complications of PAE in patients with significant vaginal bleeding with different obstetrical and gynecological pathologies. Read More

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Fibrothecoma in a Virgo Intacta Adolescent with Elevated Levels of CA 125 and B-hCG: A Case Report.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro, Clinical Center of Montenegro, Podgorica 81000, Montenegro.

Ovarian fibromas are benign tumors that consist of spindle cells in bundles or storiformly arranged with collagen fibers in the stroma. Thecomas resemble theca interna ovarian cells, and there is lipid material in their cytoplasm. There is an overlap in histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of these two benign tumors, and the term "fibrothecoma" was coined to describe such cases. Read More

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Willingness to Self-Collect a Sample for HPV-Based Cervical Cancer Screening in a Well-Screened Cohort: HPV FOCAL Survey Results.

Curr Oncol 2022 May 26;29(6):3860-3869. Epub 2022 May 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Self-collection may provide an opportunity for innovation within population-based human papillomavirus (HPV) cervical cancer screening programs by providing an alternative form of engagement for all individuals. The primary objective was to determine willingness to self-collect a vaginal sample for primary HPV screening and factors that impact willingness in individuals who participated in the Human Papillomavirus For Cervical Cancer (HPV FOCAL) screening trial, a large randomized controlled cervical screening trial. A cross-sectional online survey was distributed between 2017 and 2018 to 13,176 eligible participants exiting the FOCAL trial. Read More

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Not Your Typical Adenocarcinoma: A Case of Mesonephric Adenocarcinoma of the Cervix With Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGFR2) Mutation.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25098. Epub 2022 May 18.

Hematology and Oncology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, USA.

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer mortality in women. However, there have been great advances in its prevention and treatment. Nevertheless, there are certain rare forms of this cancer that are under-recognized, underreported, and have a paucity of evidence in terms of treatment. Read More

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A population-based study of outcomes in adjuvant radiotherapy for stage II endometrial carcinoma.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Objective: Our study aimed to analyze recurrence and survival outcomes in stage II endometrial cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy at CancerCare Manitoba, a Canadian provincial cancer program.

Methods: This retrospective population-based cohort study identified all International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009 stage II endometrioid type endometrial carcinoma diagnosed between January 1995 and December 2019. All patients underwent surgery followed by vaginal vault brachytherapy alone or external beam pelvic radiotherapy plus vaginal vault brachytherapy. Read More

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Protein Expression Profiling and Virtual Drug Screening as an Approach for Individualized Therapy of Small Cell Vaginal Carcinoma.

Cancer Genomics Proteomics 2022 Jul-Aug;19(4):512-525

Johannes Gutenberg University, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Mainz, Germany;

Background: Small cell vaginal carcinoma is a very rare gynecological cancer and treatments including chemo- and radiotherapy have had limited success.

Case Report: We report the case of a 37-year-old female, where intensive treatment with the combination of paclitaxel, carboplatin, irinotecan, and camptothecin with and without irradiation did not avoid metastasis of the tumor and the death of the patient. In an attempt to develop a strategy for individualized tumor therapy, we performed immunohistochemistry of 19 cancer-related proteins using a biopsy sample. Read More

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DeepCyto: a hybrid framework for cervical cancer classification by using deep feature fusion of cytology images.

Math Biosci Eng 2022 Apr;19(7):6415-6434

Department of Computer Engineering, Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Cervical cancer is the second most commonly seen cancer in women. It affects the cervix portion of the vagina. The most preferred diagnostic test required for screening cervical cancer is the pap smear test. Read More

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The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease (ISSVD), the European College for the Study of Vulval Disease (ECSVD) and the European Federation for Colposcopy (EFC) consensus statements on pre-invasive vulvar lesions.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Gynaecological Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease (ISSVD), the European College for the Study of Vulval Disease (ECSVD), and the European Federation for Colposcopy (EFC) developed consensus statements on pre-invasive vulvar lesions in order to improve the quality of care for patients with vulvar squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, vulvar Paget disease in situ, and melanoma in situ. For differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN), an excisional procedure must always be adopted. For vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (VHSIL), both excisional procedures and ablative ones can be used. Read More

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Modified method of cervical conization with hybrid use of a cold knife and an electric knife for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions.

J Int Med Res 2022 Jun;50(6):3000605221106414

Department of Gynecology, Affiliated Women and Children's Hospital of Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang, 315012, China.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and surgical outcome of the modified method of cervical conization with hybrid use of a cold knife and an electric knife.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of cervical conization for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions was performed between January 2020 and December 2020. Traditional cold knife conization and modified conization were used. Read More

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Ruptured granulosa cell tumor of the ovary presenting with catastrophic intra-abdominal hemorrhage: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 15;96:107317. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center, Niagara Falls, NY, United States of America.

Introduction And Importance: Adult granulosa cell tumor (GCT) is a rare stromal cell neoplasm that most often arises from the ovary. Presenting symptoms are related to external compression of adjacent structures (mass effect) or secretion of hormones such as estrogen. Patients most commonly present with irregular menstruation, postmenopausal bleeding, and abdominal pain. Read More

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Comparing dosimetric and cancer control outcomes after intensity-modulated radiation therapy and tomotherapy for advanced cervical cancer.

Oncol Lett 2022 Jul 31;24(1):239. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Gynecological Oncology, Shandong University Cancer Center, Jinan, Shandong 250117, P.R. China.

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. The present study aimed to compare the therapeutic responses, toxicities and dosimetric parameters between intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and tomotherapy (TOMO) in patients with advanced cervical cancer. This retrospective study included 310 patients with stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer who underwent CCRT, with 155 patients in each group. Read More

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Management of postmenopausal women: Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français (CNGOF) and Groupe d'Etude sur la Ménopause et le Vieillissement (GEMVi) Clinical Practice Guidelines.

Maturitas 2022 Jun 9;163:62-81. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU de Poitiers, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France.

Aim: The aim of these recommendations is to set forth an individualized approach to the management of early postmenopausal women (i.e., within the first 10 years after natural menopause) covering all aspects of lifestyle and therapeutic management, with or without menopause hormone therapy (MHT). Read More

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ECOG-ACRIN Guideline for Contouring and Treatment of Early Stage Anal Cancer Using IMRT/IGRT.

Pract Radiat Oncol 2022 Jul-Aug;12(4):335-347

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Purpose: Previous anal cancer guidelines delineate target volumes similarly for all patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal and/or perianal skin (SCCA), regardless of disease stage. The purpose of this guideline is to provide customized radiation treatment recommendations for early stage (T1-2 N0 M0) anal cancer treated with intensity modulated and image guided radiation therapy (RT).

Methods And Materials: A contouring atlas and radiation treatment recommendations for the ongoing, randomized phase II trial of deintensified chemoradiation for early stage SCCA (EA2182) was created by an expert panel of radiation oncologists. Read More

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Human papillomavirus self-sampling with mRNA testing benefits routine screening.

Int J Cancer 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Pathology, Helsinki University Hospital Diagnostic Center and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

High risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) based screening provides the possibility of vaginal self-sampling as a tool to increase screening attendance. In order to evaluate the impact and feasibility of opt-in self-sampling in the Finnish setting, we invited a randomized population of 5350 women not attending screening after age group invitation or after reminder, to attend HPV self-sampling-based screening in the autumn of 2018 in Helsinki. Out of those, 1282 (24. Read More

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The association of vagina equivalent dose in 2Gy fraction (EQD) to late vagina toxicity in patients of cervical cancer treated with WPRT plus IGABT.

Brachytherapy 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Northern Thailand Radiation Oncology Group, Department of Radiology of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the associations of vaginal dose parameters and incidence of vaginal stenosis in patients with cervical cancer treated with image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT).

Materials And Methods: Fifty-four patients with cervical cancer treated with IGBT were included. The vagina contouring was done on previously treated CT images and the vaginal dose points were marked. Read More

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Granulocytic sarcoma of cervix: A rare case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29419. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Gynecology, Hwa Mei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo, China.

Rationale: Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is an uncommon extramedullary tumor, and involvement of the female reproductive system is very rare.

Patient Concerns: We present a case of cervical GS in a 45-year-old woman who presented with repeated vaginal bleeding after sex for 1 month.

Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with cervical GS mainly based on pathological immunohistochemical examination and further progressed to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) based on bone marrow puncture and cytogenetic analysis. Read More

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Fast-growing fibroepithelial stromal vaginal polyp.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 06 16;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga EPE, Aveiro, Portugal.

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The vaginal microbiome: A complex milieu affecting risk of human papillomavirus persistence and cervical cancer.

Curr Probl Cancer 2022 Jun 9;46(4):100877. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

The purpose of this review is to describe the existing literature regarding the relationship between the vaginal microbiome, human papillomavirus persistence, and cervical cancer risk, as well as to discuss factors that mediate these relationships. Data suggest that alterations in the vaginal microbiome affect the risk of human papillomavirus infection and persistence, which has downstream effects on cervical dysplasia and cancer risk. The homeostatic Lactobillus species L. Read More

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Management of Breast Cancer Survivors by Gynecologists.

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Holden Clinical Cancer Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Breast cancer patients commonly present to their OBGYN during the process of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer both for specific gynecologic needs and for primary care follow up. These patients require counseling on contraception, hormone use, and fertility at diagnosis. During treatment and survivorship, patients will face a variety of side effects from treatments leading to vasomotor symptoms, vulvovaginal discomfort, sexual dysfunction, osteoporosis, and vaginal bleeding. Read More

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