J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2021 Jul-Sep;16(3):462-469. Epub 2021 Jul 29.
Retina Service, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
The seronegative spondyloarthropathies are a group of autoimmune inflammatory diseases lacking rheumatoid factor or antinuclear antibody in their serum. They include ankylosing spondylitis (AS), reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, spondylitis associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and undifferentiated spondyloarthropathies. Inflammation mostly affects the axial joints, entheses, and extra-articular structures such as uveal tract, gastrointestinal tract, mucocutaneous tissue, and heart. Read More