5,605 results match your criteria Uterine Leiomyoma Fibroid Imaging


A multi-disciplinary approach to the management of intra-venous and intra-cardiac leiomymatosis: A case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1214-1217

Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan.

We herein report a rare presentation of leiomyoma in a 46-year-old female who presented with complaints of shortness of breath on exertion associated with palpitations for the past one year with a history of irregular menstrual bleeding. Ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed an enlarged, distorted uterus with multiple intramural fibroids. A trans-thoracic echocardiography was then performed which showed a large right atrial mass. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Trans-Uterine Cavity Core Needle Biopsy of Uterine Myometrial Tumors to Differentiate Sarcoma from a Benign Lesion-Description of the Method and Review of the Literature.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 29;12(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Institut Curie, University of Paris, 26 Rue d'Ulm, CEDEX 05, 75248 Paris, France.

Uterine sarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors with poor prognosis that can be further negatively affected by inadequate surgical approaches such as morcellation. There are no clinical and radiologic criteria for differentiating leiomyoma from malignant uterine tumors. However, some ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings may be informative. Read More

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Short- and long-term evaluation of disease-specific symptoms and quality of life following uterine artery embolization of fibroids.

Insights Imaging 2022 Jun 21;13(1):106. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate uterine artery embolization (UAE) for the management of symptomatic uterine leiomyomas regarding changes in quality of life after treatment in a large patient collective. This study retrospectively analyzed prospectively acquired standardized questionnaires of patients treated with UAE. Clinical success was evaluated before and after embolization. Read More

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Natural History of Asymptomatic Esophageal Subepithelial Tumors of 30 mm or Less in Size.

J Korean Med Sci 2022 Jun 13;37(23):e184. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: No definite guidelines for the management of small esophageal subepithelial tumors (SETs) have been established, because there are limited data and studies on their natural history. We aimed to assess the natural history and propose optimal management strategies for small esophageal SETs.

Methods: Patients diagnosed as esophageal SETs ≤ 30 mm in size between 2003 and 2017 using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with a minimal follow-up of 3 months were enrolled, and their esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and EUS were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Large uterine leiomyoma presenting as pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with an elevated ca125: a case report and literature review.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 7;2022(6):rjac253. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, UT Health East Texas, Tyler, TX, USA.

Ascites, pelvic mass and elevated CA-125 in females carry a grim prognosis, likely an ovarian carcinoma. However, more benign etiologies such as Meigs' and pseudo-Meigs' syndrome must be considered. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome presenting with an elevated CA-125 is rare and presents a diagnostic challenge. Read More

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Intussusception of the bowel in adult women due to bulky inflammatory fibroid polyp treated in emergency. A case report.

Acta Biomed 2022 Jun 10;93(S1):e2022117. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

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 Introduction: Intussusception represents a rare form of bowel obstruction in the adult, which is defined as the telescoping of a proximal segment of the gastrointestinal tract into the lumen of the adjacent distal segment of the GI tract Case Report: We report the case of a 50-year-old woman was admitted in our hospital with acute bowel obstruction. CT showed intestinal occlusion secondary to intussusception. the patient underwent emergency surgery. Read More

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PET Imaging of Estrogen Receptors for Gynecological Tumors.

Clin Nucl Med 2022 Jul 12;47(7):e481-e488. Epub 2022 May 12.

From the Biomedical Imaging Research Center.

Abstract: In the past few decades, PET with 18F-FDG has been used for the diagnosis of gynecological malignancies and is considered to be superior to conventional imaging methods in diagnostic accuracy for detecting metastatic lesions and local recurrence and in evaluating the treatment response. On the other hand, several gynecological tumors, such as endometrial cancer and leiomyoma, and breast cancer are estrogen-dependent, in which estrogen is essential for their development and progression. 18F-FES is an 18F-labeled compound of estradiol, the most bioactive type of estrogen, and 18F-FES PET has been well-established for diagnosis, staging, and posttherapeutic follow-up in patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Read More

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Uterine myxoid leiomyosarcoma - a rare malignant tumor: the role of complex morphopathological assay. Review and case presentation.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2021 Oct-Dec;62(4):883-896

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Emergency County Hospital, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Malignant mixed mesodermal sarcomas (myxoid leiomyosarcomas - MLMS) are a rare form of uterine cancer developed from the smooth muscles of the uterus. It usually affects women in the postmenopausal period and has an aggressive character with an unfavorable evolution and prognosis. This paper presents a case where MLMS was postoperatively confirmed with the aid of the histopathological (HP) examination coupled with specific immunolabeling techniques. Read More

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Preoperative sonographic assessment of a leiomyoma of the round ligament.

Acta Biomed 2022 Jun 7;93(S1):e2022125. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, University of Bari "Aldo Moro".

NA. Read More

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Uterine fibroids in pregnancy.

CMAJ 2022 Jun;194(22):E775

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Sobel, Hobson), University of Toronto; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Sobel, Hobson), Sinai Health System; Markham Fertility Centre (Chan), Markham, Ont.; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Chan), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

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Multicenter Evaluation of Tissue Classification by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging.

Anal Chem 2022 Jun 6;94(23):8194-8201. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Institute of Pathology, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Trogerstrasse 18, 81675 München, Germany.

Many studies have demonstrated that tissue phenotyping (tissue typing) based on mass spectrometric imaging data is possible; however, comprehensive studies assessing variation and classifier transferability are largely lacking. This study evaluated the generalization of tissue classification based on Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometric imaging (MSI) across measurements performed at different sites. Sections of a tissue microarray (TMA) consisting of different formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human tissue samples from different tumor entities (leiomyoma, seminoma, mantle cell lymphoma, melanoma, breast cancer, and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung) were prepared and measured by MALDI-MSI at different sites using a standard protocol (SOP). Read More

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Predictive value of image indexes of B-mode and power Doppler sonography on the efficacy of high intensity focused ultrasound ablation for uterine fibroids.

Int J Hyperthermia 2022 ;39(1):772-779

State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound in Medicine and Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.

Objective: To investigate the value of the image indexes of B-mode and power Doppler sonography in predicting the therapeutic efficacy of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for uterine fibroids.

Materials And Methods: Two hundred and three patients with a solitary uterine fibroid were enrolled in this study. Every patient underwent transvaginal sonography (TVS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before HIFU. Read More

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A case of spontaneous parasitic myoma in a patient without a history of myomectomy treated laparoscopically.

Fukushima J Med Sci 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ohta nisinouchi Hospital.

Parasitic myoma (PM) is a rare disease in which multiple leiomyomas are intraperitoneally formed. Recently, an increasing number of cases due to specimen morcellation during minimally invasive surgery has been reported. We present the first case of a PM identified intraoperatively during laparoscopic hysterectomy. Read More

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Histotripsy for the Treatment of Uterine Leiomyomas: A Feasibility Study in Ex Vivo Uterine Fibroids.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2022 May 28. Epub 2022 May 28.

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA. Electronic address:

Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas), the most common benign tumors in women of reproductive age, are a frequent cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding and other reproductive complaints among women. This study investigates the feasibility of using histotripsy, a non-invasive, non-thermal focused ultrasound ablation method, to ablate uterine fibroids. Human fibroid samples (n = 16) were harvested after hysterectomy or myomectomy procedures at Carilion Memorial Hospital. Read More

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Evaluation of physician experience in achieving non-perfused volume ratio of high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation for uterine fibroids: a multicentre study.

J Int Med Res 2022 May;50(5):3000605221102087

State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound in Medicine and Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of different levels of physician experience on the high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids and to provide a reference for the use of non-perfused volume ratio (NPVR) standards during training.

Methods: This prospective multicentre study enrolled patients with uterine fibroids. The effect of the physician's level of experience on the outcomes under different NPVR standards and the learning curve of six centres without HIFU experience were analysed. Read More

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Primary Extra-Pleura Leiomyoma: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Curr Oncol 2022 04 20;29(5):2935-2940. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, Hematology and Oncology, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Leiomyomas are a common type of benign soft tissue tumor arising from smooth muscle, most often occurring within females' genitourinary and gastrointestinal tract. However, primary leiomyomas of the chest wall residing in the extra-pleural space are an extremely rare subset of leiomyomatous lesion presentation. We present a case of a fifty-two-year-old male who initially presented complaining of dyspnea worsening with exertion. Read More

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Anorectal leiomyoma with GLUT1 overexpression mimicking malignancy on FDG-PET/CT.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 24;2022(5):rjac101. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

A 43-year-old female underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging for uterine myoma that incidentally revealed a 4.6 × 2.8 cm soft tissue mass in the anorectal region. Read More

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Upper Cervical Leiomyoma in an Adolescent Male.

J Orthop Case Rep 2022 Jan;12(1):10-13

Department of Orthopaedics, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Leiomyomas are benign epithelial tumors with a female preponderance usually in the uterus, gastro-intestinal tract and skin. They are well-capsulated tumors with no mitotic activity and little pleomorphism. Primary leiomyoma in the upper cervical spine region is rare and the occurrence of these lesions in young immunocompetent males is extremely rare. Read More

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January 2022

Intraprocedural uterine position reorientation during uterine fibroid embolization: a case report.

Clin Imaging 2022 Aug 18;88:33-35. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Interventional Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York City, NY, United States of America.

Uterine Fibroid Embolization is an effective method of treating uterine fibroids as an alternative to surgery. Positional changes of the uterus secondary to pregnancy, pelvic surgery, urinary retention, endometriosis and fibroids have all been reported, however, no literature has specifically described the uterus incidentally changing position during uterine fibroid embolization. We present a unique case of uterine reorientation during a uterine fibroid embolization procedure. Read More

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Large renal leiomyoma: A multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis.

J Radiol Case Rep 2021 Aug 1;15(8):18-26. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Nova Southeastern University College of Medicine, Florida, USA.

We report the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with a large palpable abdominal mass. Initial sonographic and computed tomographic studies prompted a differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal or renal sarcoma, leiomyoma, and lipid-poor angiomyolipoma. A final diagnosis of renal leiomyoma was reached based on a consensus among radiology, surgery and pathology. Read More

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Renal Parenchymal Leiomyoma Mimicking Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report.

Curr Med Imaging 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Renal leiomyoma is a challenging diagnostic and therapeutic condition. Given that 90% of leiomyomas originate from the renal capsule, leiomyoma presenting as a renal parenchymal mass is extraordinarily rare.

Case Presentation: Herein, we report the clinical and imaging features of a patient with renal leiomyoma occurring in the renal parenchyma and mimicking renal cell carcinoma. Read More

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Review of uterine fibroids: imaging of typical and atypical features, variants, and mimics with emphasis on workup and FIGO classification.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 Jul 13;47(7):2468-2485. Epub 2022 May 13.

Division of Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Abdominal Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd. Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.

Uterine fibroids are the most common gynecologic neoplasm. Although non-degenerated fibroids are easily identifiable on imaging, degenerated fibroids, fibroid variants, and fibroids with unusual growth patterns can constitute a diagnostic dilemma. Identification of these abnormal morphologic features can alter the diagnosis of presumed uterine fibroids and hence change management plans. Read More

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A combination of two novel ligation techniques for complicated laparoscopic intraligamental myomectomy.

Fertil Steril 2022 Jul 12;118(1):207-209. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To perform laparoscopic myomectomy by combining two novel ligation techniques for a large lateral intraligamental myoma.

Design: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure using a video with narration.

Setting: University hospital. Read More

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Benign Metastasizing Leiomyoma and Findings on Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography.

Indian J Nucl Med 2022 Jan-Mar;37(1):68-70. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Benign metastasizing leiomyoma is a rare condition where benign smooth muscle tumors having a histological appearance similar to uterine leiomyoma are present at distant sites. This entity is commonly associated with a past history of hysterectomy done for uterine fibroids. The knowledge of the presence of significant fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in leiomyoma helped in the diagnosis of this condition in a 47-year-old patient who being evaluated for multiple unusual sites of metastases; this was further confirmed on histopathology. Read More

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Risk of uterine leiomyoma based on BET1L rs2280543 single nucleotide polymorphism and vegetarian diet.

BMC Womens Health 2022 04 27;22(1):139. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Medical Imaging, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, 40201, Taiwan.

Background: Bet1 Golgi vesicular membrane trafficking protein-like (BET1L) rs2280543 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and diet have been independently associated with uterine leiomyoma (UL). However, whether the SNP and diet could jointly influence the risk of UL is yet to be assessed. Therefore, we investigated the independent and interactive effects of vegetarian diet and BET1L rs2280543 on uterine fibroids in Taiwanese women. Read More

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The right apical tracheal bronchus with bronchial leiomyoma: A case report.

Authors:
Yu Zhang Haitao Ma

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Apr 15;101(15):e29181. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Rationale: Tracheal bronchus is an aberrant bronchus that arises directly from the carina of the trachea. It was rare, with only 0.1% to 2% on the right and 0. Read More

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Uterine Sarcomas: How to Navigate an Ever-Growing List of Subtypes.

Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2022 Apr;42:1-10

Sylvester Comprehensive Center Cancer/University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL.

Uterine sarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that are aggressive cancers. The rarity of these tumors, and consequently limited prospective data, has made surgical management of uterine sarcomas challenging. One major obstacle in the management of uterine sarcomas is establishing the diagnosis prior to surgery, which is crucial for appropriate intraoperative management. Read More

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A Case of Premenopausal Uterine Leiomyoma, Non-cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis, Hepatic Koch's, a PET Gone Astray-Morphology Antidotes a Confounding Concoction.

Iran J Pathol 2022 8;17(2):229-233. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Lady Hardinge Medical College, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Marg, New Delhi, India.

Uterine leiomyoma with hepatic vasculopathy, specifically non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF), has hitherto been undescribed. NCPF is characterized by elevated portal pressure sans cirrhosis and has previously not been described in association with a gynecological pathology. We report the case of a female under evaluation for a heterogeneously enhancing intrauterine mass with multiple hepatic lesions with increased uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose on positron emission analysis. Read More

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Preoperative Differentiation of Uterine Leiomyomas and Leiomyosarcomas: Current Possibilities and Future Directions.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 13;14(8). Epub 2022 Apr 13.

I Chair and Department of Oncological Gynaecology and Gynaecology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-059 Lublin, Poland.

The distinguishing of uterine leiomyosarcomas (ULMS) and uterine leiomyomas (ULM) before the operation and histopathological evaluation of tissue is one of the current challenges for clinicians and researchers. Recently, a few new and innovative methods have been developed. However, researchers are trying to create different scales analyzing available parameters and to combine them with imaging methods with the aim of ULMs and ULM preoperative differentiation ULMs and ULM. Read More

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Prolonged Cadmium Exposure Alters Migration Dynamics and Increases Heterogeneity of Human Uterine Fibroid Cells-Insights from Time Lapse Analysis.

Biomedicines 2022 Apr 16;10(4). Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Molecular Pathogenesis Group, Mechanistic Toxicology Branch, Division of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 111 TW Alexander Drive, Durham, NC 27709, USA.

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most prevalent environmental heavy metal contaminants and is considered an endocrine disruptor and carcinogen. In women with uterine fibroids, there is a correlation between blood Cd levels and fibroid tumor size. In this study, fibroid cells were exposed to 10 µM CdCl for 6 months and a fast-growing Cd-Resistant Leiomyoma culture, termed CR-LM6, was recovered. Read More

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