166,284 results match your criteria Uses of the Postoperatively Adjustable Implant in Aesthetic Breast Surgery


Introduction and evaluation of a novel multi-camera surface topography system.

Gait Posture 2020 Jun 20;80:367-373. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Surface topography can be used for the evaluation of spinal deformities without any radiation. However, so far this technique is limited to posterior trunk measurements due to the use of a single posterior camera.

Research Question: Purpose of this study was to introduce a new multi camera surface topography system and to test its reliability and validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.06.016DOI Listing

Quantitative Translation of Dog-to-Human Aging by Conserved Remodeling of the DNA Methylome.

Cell Syst 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address:

All mammals progress through similar physiological stages throughout life, from early development to puberty, aging, and death. Yet, the extent to which this conserved physiology reflects underlying genomic events is unclear. Here, we map the common methylation changes experienced by mammalian genomes as they age, focusing on comparison of humans with dogs, an emerging model of aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cels.2020.06.006DOI Listing

Adaptation to Extreme Antarctic Environments Revealed by the Genome of a Sea Ice Green Alga.

Curr Biol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, 266061 Qingdao, China; Laboratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts of Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, 266237 Qingdao, China. Electronic address:

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L thrives in polar sea ice, where it tolerates extreme low temperatures, high salinity, and broad seasonal fluctuations in light conditions. Despite the high interest in biotechnological uses of this species, little is known about the adaptations that allow it to thrive in this harsh and complex environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.06.029DOI Listing

STing: accurate and ultrafast genomic profiling with exact sequence matches.

Nucleic Acids Res 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.

Genome-enabled approaches to molecular epidemiology have become essential to public health agencies and the microbial research community. We developed the algorithm STing to provide turn-key solutions for molecular typing and gene detection directly from next generation sequence data of microbial pathogens. Our implementation of STing uses an innovative k-mer search strategy that eliminates the computational overhead associated with the time-consuming steps of quality control, assembly, and alignment, required by more traditional methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkaa566DOI Listing

Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies in Clinical Practice against Cancer.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab. India.

The importance of monoclonal antibodies in oncology has increased drastically following the discovery of Milstein and Kohler. Since the first approval of the monoclonal antibody i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520620666200703191653DOI Listing

Design and Development of Key Chain Held Insulin injectable device.

Curr Diabetes Rev 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Consultant Endocrinologist, Ain Shams University, Cairo. Egypt.

Background: Diabetes affects people of all ages regardless of gender and geographical location. A diabetic patient unlike other diseases; may appear healthy and living a normal life under medication. Therefore a tendency of being noncompliant with medicine especially insulin dosage is observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573399816666200703172339DOI Listing

Jiawei Shengmai San herbal formula ameliorates diabetic associate cognitive decline by modulating AKT and CREB in rats.

Phytother Res 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Affiliated TCM Hospital/Sino-Portugal TCM International Cooperation Center/School of Basic Medicine, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

Memory loss is a complication of diabetes which requires new approaches to its treatment. Shengmai San (SMS) is a famous traditional Chinese formula containing Panax ginseng, Ophiopogon japonicas, and Schisandra chinensis, whereas Radix puerariae has many reported pharmacological uses. In this study the combination, as Jiawei SMS (J-SMS) was screened for its ability to reverse diabetes-associated cognitive decline in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6773DOI Listing

Insights from a general, full-likelihood Bayesian approach to inferring shared evolutionary events from genomic data: Inferring shared demographic events is challenging.

Evolution 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Biological Sciences & Museum of Natural History, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 36849.

Factors that influence the distribution, abundance, and diversification of species can simultaneously affect multiple evolutionary lineages within or across communities. These include changes to the environment or inter-specific ecological interactions that cause ranges of multiple species to contract, expand, or fragment. Such processes predict temporally clustered evolutionary events across species, such as synchronous population divergences and/or changes in population size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evo.14052DOI Listing

Efficient weighted univariate clustering maps outstanding dysregulated genomic zones in human cancers.

Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Computer Science, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA.

Motivation: Chromosomal patterning of gene expression in cancer can arise from aneuploidy, genome disorganization, or abnormal DNA methylation. To map such patterns, we introduce a weighted univariate clustering algorithm to guarantee linear runtime, optimality, and reproducibility.

Results: We present the chromosome clustering method, establish its optimality and runtime, and evaluate its performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa613DOI Listing

Conflict Management in the ICU: A Concise Definitive Review.

Crit Care Med 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery, Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Objectives: To provide a concise review of data and literature pertaining to the etiologies of conflict in the ICU, as well as current approaches to conflict management.

Data Sources: Detailed search strategy using PubMed and OVID Medline for English language articles describing conflict in the ICU as well as prevention and management strategies.

Study Selection: Descriptive and interventional studies addressing conflict, bioethics, clinical ethics consultation, palliative care medicine, conflict management, and conflict mediation in critical care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000004440DOI Listing

Computer-guided implant surgery: analysis of dynamic navigation systems and digital accuracy.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2020 May-Jun;34(3 Suppl. 1):9-17

Dept. of social dentistry and gnathological rehabilitation, National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (NIHMP), Roma, Italy.

After the static computer-guided implant surgery, borns the concept of "navigated implantology" (NI) that offers significant advantages in the treatment planning and help clinicians to perform successful implant rehabilitation. NI allows an optimal final location, to avoid the risk of damaging the noble anatomical structures near the site and allows the achievement of satisfactory aesthetics. The aim of this study is analyze three different systems: the RoboDent® system (Berlin, Germany, 2001), today not for sale, was the first implant navigation system introduced on the market and made the history of dynamic surgery; X-Guide (Nobel Biocare, 2017), a dynamic computer assisted system that uses the principles of stereoscopic triangulation by optical video cameras. Read More

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Hemodialysis efficiency management from the viewpoint of blood removal pressure.

Ther Apher Dial 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Medical Engineering, Faculty of Health Sciences, Junshin Gakuen University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Degradation of dialysis efficiency during hemodialysis, caused by incompatible indwelling needle size or increase in hematocrit, is a serious problem that can threaten a patient's life. This study aims to derive a quantitative index for determining the indwelling needle diameter that can maintain an appropriate blood flow rate, and presents an effective method to prevent a decrease in the actual blood flow rate. The relationships between the set flow rate and various parameters such as indwelling needle diameter, blood viscosity, and arterial line pressure are analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.13557DOI Listing

An open-hardware sample mounting solution for inverted light-sheet microscopes with large detection objective lenses.

Authors:
C Russell E Rees

J Microsc 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, U.K.

Implementations of light-sheet microscopes are often incompatible with standard methods of sample mounting. Light-sheet microscopy uses orthogonal illumination and detection to create a thin sheet of light which does not illuminate the sample outside of the depth of field of the detection axis. Typically, this configuration involves a pair of orthogonal objectives which constrains the positioning and length of coverslips in range of the detection objective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmi.12940DOI Listing

Emerging technologies for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from the end-of-life electronic wastes: a review on progress, challenges, and perspectives.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.

The demand for rare earth elements (REEs) has significantly increased due to their indispensable uses in integrated circuits of modern technology. However, due to the extensive use of high-tech applications in our daily life and the depletion of their primary ores, REE's recovery from secondary sources is today needed. REEs have now attracted attention to policymakers and scientists to develop novel recovery technologies for materials' supply sustainability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09630-2DOI Listing

Modulation of inflammatory pathways, medicinal uses and toxicities of Uvaria species: potential role in the prevention and treatment of inflammation.

Inflammopharmacology 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Drug and Herbal Research Centre, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The therapeutic efficacy of the contemporary anti-inflammatory drugs are well established; however, prolonged use of such can often lead to serious and life-threatening side effects. Natural product-based anti-inflammatory compounds with superior efficacy and minimum toxicity can serve as possible therapeutic alternatives in this scenario. Genus Uvaria is a part of Annonaceae family, while the majority of its species are widely distributed in tropical rain forest regions of South East Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10787-020-00734-2DOI Listing

A vinyl sulfone clicked carbon dot-engineered microfluidic paper-based analytical device for fluorometric determination of biothiols.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 Jul 2;187(7):421. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Campus Fuentenueva s/n, 18071, Granada, Spain.

A microfluidic paper-based analytical device integrating carbon dot (CDs) is fabricated and used for a fluorometric off-on assay of biothiols. Vinyl sulfone (VS) click immobilization of carbon dots (CDs) on paper was accomplished by a one-pot simplified protocol that uses divinyl sulfone (DVS) as a homobifunctional reagent. This reagent mediated both the click oxa-Michael addition to the hydroxyl groups of cellulose and ulterior covalent grafting of the resulting VS paper to NH-functionalized CDs by means of click aza-Michael addition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-04382-9DOI Listing

Trace elements in Athyrium distentifolium from alpine vegetation in the Karkonosze, SW Poland.

Environ Monit Assess 2020 Jul 3;192(8):485. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, Institute for Water and Wetland, Research Radboud University, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

The Karkonosze National Park is affected by long-distance metal air transport of anthropogenic contamination as well as by tourist activity. Therefore, concentrations of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were evaluated in soil as well as in vital and non-vital fronds of Athyrium distentifolium Opiz collected in the middle of the growing season from glacial cirques in the Karkonosze. Additionally, fronds of the same species turning brown in autumn were collected from the same sampling sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-08438-4DOI Listing

[Designing healthy mobility in cities: how urban planning can promote walking and cycling].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institut für Verkehrsforschung, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Berlin, Deutschland.

Mobility is a prerequisite for satisfying essential human needs. Work, education, social participation: all these activities generate regular journeys. Particularly in cities, however, the "side effects" of mobility such as traffic jams, traffic accidents, air pollution, noise and the resulting health effects are also evident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03180-1DOI Listing

Ongoing forest disturbance in Guatemala's protected areas.

Remote Sens Ecol Conserv 2020 Jun 12;6(2):141-152. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Earth and Environment Boston University 685 Commonwealth Avenue Boston Massachusetts 02215.

Protected areas in Guatemala provide habitat for diverse tropical ecosystems, contain ancient archeological sites, sequester carbon, and support economic activity through eco-tourism. However, many of the forests in these protected areas have been converted to other uses or degraded by human activity, and therefore are considered "paper parks". In this study, we analyzed time series of satellite data to monitor deforestation, degradation, and natural disturbance throughout Guatemala from 2000 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rse2.130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317481PMC

Does public housing reduce housing cost burden among low-income families with children?

Authors:
Sarah Gold

J Child Poverty 2020 23;26(1):1-21. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.

About half of all renter households and over three-quarters of very low-income households in the United States experience a housing cost burden, with higher rates among families with children. Public housing may be an important tool for reducing families' housing cost burdens. The current study uses nearly four decades of data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and its Assisted Housing Database to explore the relationship between public housing and housing cost burden among children in low-income families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10796126.2019.1682754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331941PMC
October 2019

The linearity of the El Niño teleconnection to the Amundsen Sea region.

Q J R Meteorol Soc 2020 Apr 3;146(728):1169-1183. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

School of Earth and Environment University of Leeds Leeds UK.

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) drives interannual variability in West Antarctic climate through altering atmospheric circulation in the Amundsen Sea region (ASR). The El Niño-ASR teleconnection is known to be strongest in austral winter and spring, but its variation with El Niño amplitude is underexplored. This study uses experiments from the HadGEM3-A climate model to investigate the El Niño-ASR teleconnection for a range of imposed SST perturbations spanning weak (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.3731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317404PMC

Characterization and potential strategies for the valorisation of the Southwest Atlantic butterfish (.

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Aug 23;57(8):2994-3003. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Eduardo Cabello 6, 36208 Vigo, Spain.

The waste of fish resources constitutes a serious environmental problem that must be avoided. The valorisation of by-catch species and decreasing the discard rate constitute a more efficient and sustainable use of these marine biomasses. In this work, we characterize and propose different potential uses for , another frequently discarded (≥ 90%) and poorly studied by-catch species captured in the South Atlantic Ocean (FAO 41) by trawler fishing fleets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04332-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316936PMC

Evaluation and management of fungal-infected carrot seeds.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 2;10(1):10808. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Agricultural College, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.

Carrot (Daucus carota L.), which is one of the 10 most important vegetable crops worldwide, is an edible root vegetable desired for its taste as well as its medicinal uses. However, a fungus isolated from carrot seeds was observed to substantially decrease the germination rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67907-5DOI Listing

Cognition of agriculture waste and payments for a circular agriculture model in Central China.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 2;10(1):10826. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

An integrated model combining multi-layer cradle to cradle approach: cost effective, technically sound, and bioenvironmental cutting-edge agricultural waste assessment technologies are lacking; to address this gap, the study proposes circular agriculture model (CAM) to support an integrated, bio-based, sustainable and broadly applicable rural society. CAM is an innovative, quasi-public product, bio-commodity, and concept. This study uses survey data on the Chinese province of Hubei to consider the returning of crop residues to the soil and manure for compost or biogas production (first-generation biorefinery). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67358-yDOI Listing

Short-term flexibility for energy grids provided by wastewater treatment plants with anaerobic sludge digestion.

Authors:
M Schäfer

Water Sci Technol 2020 Apr;81(7):1388-1397

Institute of Urban Water Management, University of Kaiserslautern, D-67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany E-mail:

For a sustainable development of the energy sector - in the future - an additional potential of energetic flexibility as well as storage capacities will be required to compensate for fluctuating renewable energy production. The operation of energy systems will change and flexibility in energy generation and consumption will rise to become a valuable asset. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with anaerobic sludge digestion are capable of providing that needed flexibility, not only with their energy generators but also in terms of their energy consuming aggregates on the plant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2019.365DOI Listing

Enteroscopy in Crohn's Disease: Are There Any Changes in Role or Outcomes Over Time? A KASID Multicenter Study.

Gut Liver 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background/aims: Although balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) enables endoscopic visualization of small bowel (SB) involvement in Crohn's disease (CD), there is no data on the changes in outcomes over time. We therefore investigated the changes in BAE use on CD patients over different time periods in terms of its role and clinical outcomes.

Methods: We used a multicenter enteroscopy database to identify CD patients with SB involvement who underwent BAE (131 procedures, 116 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5009/gnl20023DOI Listing

Factors That Drive Heterogeneity of Response-to-Treatment of Different Metastatic Deposits Within the Same Patients as Measured by RECIST 1.1 Analyses.

Acad Radiol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Rationale And Objective: This study uses the rate of between-reader variability under Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 as a metric to estimate the prevalence of biologic heterogeneity of individual metastases, and to determine whether this prevalence is modulated by the type of primary tumor, or type of treatment administered.

Materials And Methods: Three radiologists independently used dedicated oncologic response-assessment software (MintLesion) to prospectively determine RECIST1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.05.029DOI Listing

Evaluation of growth production factors as predictors of the incidence and severity of white striping and woody breast in broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2020 Jul 15;99(7):3723-3732. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Poultry Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.

White striping (WS) and woody breast (WB) have been previously associated with older and heavier birds. However, there is limited information supporting the association between these 2 muscle conditions and growth parameters. The objectives of this study were 1) to investigate the relationship between WS and WB using different growth production factors and 2) to propose a predictive model that uses growth production factors to investigate the incidence and severity of WS and WB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2020.03.026DOI Listing

Age-Friendly Communities and Cultural Pluralism: Examining Saskatoon's Chinese-Canadian Social Enclave.

Can J Aging 2020 Jun 19:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University.

This article uses findings from qualitative interviews to examine the experiences of members of Saskatoon's Chinese-Canadian older-adult community in terms of their realities of aging and access to important geriatric resources. Promoting an understanding of both group experience and a broader conceptualization of age-friendly development, we argue that the notion and implications of a spatial ethnic enclave are replaced in the Saskatoon context by a social enclave. This network of social support is evident in Chinese-Canadian older adults' access to housing, recreation, transportation, and health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0714980820000148DOI Listing

DiNeR: a Differential graphical model for analysis of co-regulation Network Rewiring.

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 2;21(1):281. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.

Background: During transcription, numerous transcription factors (TFs) bind to targets in a highly coordinated manner to control the gene expression. Alterations in groups of TF-binding profiles (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-03605-3DOI Listing

Communal Innovations: Inspiring Neighborhoods of Hope and Advocacy.

J Health Commun 2020 Jul 2:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University , University Park, PA, USA.

Innovations promise a better future, which may generate feelings of hope and inspire advocacy. Some innovations are more communal in nature: attempting to address a social problem, through community engagement and wide-spread adoption. For such innovations, the social processes that involve collective aspects of community life may play important roles in fostering hope and interpersonal advocacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2020.1785059DOI Listing

Exploration of a novel physical therapy protocol that uses a sensory substitution device to improve the standing postural balance of children with balance disorders.

Physiother Theory Pract 2020 Jul 2:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute of Genetics and Rehabilitation, University of Nebraska Medical Center , Omaha, NE, USA.

Objective: To explore if an intensive balance training protocol that incorporated the BrainPort sensory substitution device improves the standing postural balance of children with balance disorders.

Methods: Eight children with balance disorders received 8-weeks of balance training while using the BrainPort device. Pre- and post-intervention changes in the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency balance subtest (BOT-2) scores, standing duration on an unstable surface, and center of pressure (COP) sway were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2020.1786869DOI Listing

Bistable perception: neural bases and usefulness in psychological research.

Int J Psychol Res (Medellin) 2018 Jul-Dec;11(2):63-76

Facultad de Psicología - Universidad de San Buenaventura de Medellín, Colombia. Universidad de San Buenaventura Universidad de San Buenaventura de Medellín Colombia.

Bistable images have the possibility of being perceived in two different ways. Due to their physical characteristics, these visual stimuli allow two different perceptions, associated with top-down and bottom-up modulating processes. Based on an extensive literature review, the present article aims to gather the conceptual models and the foundations of perceptual bistability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21500/20112084.3375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7110285PMC

Modeling and numerical simulation of the bubble cloud dynamics in an ultrasound field for burst wave lithotripsy.

Proc Meet Acoust 2018 Nov 26;35(1). Epub 2018 Dec 26.

University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Modeling and numerical simulation of bubble clouds induced by intense ultrasound waves are conducted to quantify the effect of cloud cavitation on burst wave lithotripsy, a proposed non-invasive alternative to shock wave lithotripsy that uses pulses of ultrasound with an amplitude of O(1) MPa and a frequency of O(100) kHz. A unidirectional acoustic source model and an Eulerian-Lagrangian method are developed for simulation of ultrasound generation from a multi-element array transducer and cavitation bubbles, respectively. Parametric simulations of the spherical bubble cloud dynamics reveal a new scaling parameter that dictates both the structure of the bubble cloud and the amplitude of the far-field, bubble-scattered acoustics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/2.0000946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328995PMC
November 2018

Evaluating Girls on the Run in Promoting Positive Youth Development: Group Comparisons on Life Skills Transfer and Social Processes.

Pediatr Exerc Sci 2020 Jul 2:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

San Francisco State University.

Purpose: Girls on the Run (GOTR), a physical activity-based positive youth development program, uses running as a platform to teach life skills and promote healthy behaviors. In this companion paper of our comprehensive project, the authors evaluated program impact on positive youth development by comparing GOTR participants to youth in other organized activities (Sport and physical education [PE]) on life skills transfer and social processes. Qualitative methods complemented quantitative data through interviews with GOTR stakeholders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/pes.2019-0252DOI Listing

Listeners' adaptation to unreliable intonation is speaker-sensitive.

Cognition 2020 Jun 29;204:104372. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

University of Cologne, IfL-Phonetik, Herbert-Lewin-Str 6, 50931 Köln, Germany. Electronic address:

Variable linguistic environments require the ability to quickly update expectations and behavior including speech comprehension. This adaptive capacity is key to understanding how listeners successfully recognize speaker intentions in light of the ubiquitous variability in speech. The present study investigates how listeners' real-time sentence comprehension adapts to speaker-specific prosodic variability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104372DOI Listing

Impact of agricultural land use and economic growth on nitrous oxide emissions: Evidence from developed and developing countries.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 22;741:140421. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Economics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address:

The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) establishes a hypothetical link between economic growth and environmental degradation and has been tested empirically using various measures of pollution, including carbon dioxide (CO), methane (CH), and nitrous oxide (NO) emissions. However, few studies have focused on NO emissions, despite their projected lifetime of 114 years and 300 times greater warming potential than CO. Employing panel data for the period 1980 to 2012, this study uses the EKC to investigate NO emissions, including those resulting from agriculture, economic growth, agricultural land use, and exports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140421DOI Listing

Outline analysis of sex and population variation in greater sciatic notch and obturator foramen morphology with implications for sex estimation.

Forensic Sci Int 2020 May 22;314:110346. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Anatomy, Des Moines University, Des Moines, IA, United States.

The pelvis is known to be the most sexually dimorphic part of the adult human skeleton. Many pelvic sex traits, however, are difficult to analyze quantitatively, with practitioners relying on subjective qualitative descriptions. This study uses elliptical Fourier analysis to explore sexual dimorphism and population variation in two pelvic traits, greater sciatic notch (GSN) and obturator foramen (OF), in a diverse set of 329 ossa coxae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110346DOI Listing

Mechanical emulsification of lipoaspirate by different Luer-Lok connector changes the viability of adipose derived stem cells in Nanofat.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2020 Jul 2:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital Xiamen University, Xiamen, PR China.

Nanofat grafting is a fat transfer procedure that uses a thin needle to smooth out wrinkles, thereby achieving the goal of skin rejuvenation. The Luer-Lok connector is one of the most common methods for obtaining Nanofat. In the present study, we compared three different Luer-Lok connectors (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2000656X.2020.1781138DOI Listing

A Systematic comparison of in vitro cell uptake and in vivo biodistribution for three classes of gold nanoparticles with saturated PEG coatings.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0234916. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Irell and Manella Graduate School of Biological Sciences, City of Hope National Medical Center, Beckman Research Institute, Duarte, California, United States of America.

A great deal of attention has been focused on nanoparticles for cancer therapy, with the promise of tumor-selective delivery. However, despite intense work in the field over many years, the biggest obstacle to this vision remains extremely low delivery efficiency of nanoparticles into tumors. Due to the cost, time, and impact on the animals for in vivo studies, the nanoparticle field predominantly uses cellular uptake assays as a proxy to predict in vivo outcomes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234916PLOS

Has the manufacturing policy helped to promote the logistics industry?

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0235292. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province, China.

The logistics industry is a derivative industry of manufacturing services extraposition. A variety of strategies to develop the manufacturing industry are important programs of action for China's manufacturing strategic power, and it is of great significance to promote the high-quality development of the logistics industry. This paper takes strong manufacturing provinces with the development of the logistics industry as the research object and applies network DEA measuring the production efficiency and service efficiency of the logistics industry from 2004 to 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235292PLOS

Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 is expressed in the Myo/Nog cell lineage.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0234792. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Research, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States of America.

The Myo/Nog cell lineage was discovered in the chick embryo and is also present in adult mammalian tissues. The cells are named for their expression of mRNA for the skeletal muscle specific transcription factor MyoD and bone morphogenetic protein inhibitor Noggin. A third marker for Myo/Nog cells is the cell surface molecule recognized by the G8 monoclonal antibody (mAb). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234792PLOS

Educational inequalities in mortality amenable to healthcare. A comparison of European healthcare systems.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0234135. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Educational inequalities in health and mortality in European countries have often been studied in the context of welfare regimes or political systems. We argue that the healthcare system is the national level feature most directly linkable to mortality amenable to healthcare. In this article, we ask to what extent the strength of educational differences in mortality amenable to healthcare vary among European countries and between European healthcare system types. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234135PLOS

Inferring transportation mode from smartphone sensors: Evaluating the potential of Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0234003. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Copenhagen Center for Social Data Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Understanding which transportation modes people use is critical for smart cities and planners to better serve their citizens. We show that using information from pervasive Wi-Fi access points and Bluetooth devices can enhance GPS and geographic information to improve transportation detection on smartphones. Wi-Fi information also improves the identification of transportation mode and helps conserve battery since it is already collected by most mobile phones. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234003PLOS

Unpredictable spillovers among water uses? An analysis of agricultural, industrial, and household uses of water in the Balkans.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0235079. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Rotterdam Institute of Law & Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

In times of water shortage, it becomes increasingly relevant for policymakers to understand the existing relationships between different types of water use, so as to encourage efficient water management. This article makes use of yearly data on agricultural, industrial, and household water use in the Balkan countries of Bulgaria, Romania, and Serbia. It does so to identify the potential interactions among these three categories of water use. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235079PLOS

Data-driven network alignment.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0234978. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, United States of America.

In this study, we deal with the problem of biological network alignment (NA), which aims to find a node mapping between species' molecular networks that uncovers similar network regions, thus allowing for the transfer of functional knowledge between the aligned nodes. We provide evidence that current NA methods, which assume that topologically similar nodes (i.e. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234978PLOS

Pharmacological Uses of the Plants Belonging to the Genus Commiphora.

Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Koorapalayam Pirivu, Pitchandam Palayam Post, Erode, Tamil Nadu. India.

Natural products have a unique place in the healthcare industry. The genus Commiphora emerged as a potential medicinal with huge benefits as evidenced through its use in various traditional and modern systems of medicine. Therefore, we aimed to prepare a concise review on the pharmacological activities and the indigenous uses of various plant species belonging to the genus Commiphora along with the structural information of various active botanical ingredients present in these plants based on the published literatures and scientific reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871525718666200702125558DOI Listing

Bayesian Probabilistic Aanalysis of DEER Spectroscopy Data Using Parametric Distance Distribution Models.

J Phys Chem A 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Double Electron-Electron Resonance (DEER) spectroscopy measures distance distributions between spin labels in proteins, yielding important structural and energetic information about conformational landscapes. Analysis of an experimental DEER signal in terms of a distance distribution is a nontrivial task due to the ill-posed nature of the underlying mathematical inversion problem. This work introduces a Bayesian probabilistic inference approach to analyze DEER data, using a multi-Gauss mixture model for the distance distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.0c05026DOI Listing

Continuous real time 3D motion reproduction using dynamic MRI and precomputed 4DCT deformation fields.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

Radiotherapy of mobile tumors requires specific imaging tools and models to reduce the impact of motion on the treatment. Online continuous nonionizing imaging has become possible with the recent development of magnetic resonance imaging devices combined with linear accelerators. This opens the way to new guided treatment methods based on the real-time tracking of anatomical motion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12953DOI Listing

Decontamination Methods for Reuse of Filtering Facepiece Respirators.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles.

Importance: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has proven to be highly infectious, putting health care professionals around the world at increased risk. Furthermore, there are widespread shortages of necessary personal protective equipment (PPE) for these individuals. Filtering facepiece respirators, such as the N95 respirator, intended for single use, can be reused in times of need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1423DOI Listing