27,790 results match your criteria Use of Vital Statistics in Obstetrics


"Expecting the Unexpected:" Nurses' Response and Preparedness of Terrorism-Related Disaster Events in Quetta City, Pakistan.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:695143. Epub 2021 May 25.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan Quetta, Quetta, Pakistan.

In addition to the psychiatric and societal misery, terrorism places an exceptional burden while delivering healthcare services. Accordingly, a responsive and well-prepared healthcare system ensures effective management of terrorism-related events. Within this context, with a strong historic grounding in addressing situations of societal crisis nurses are well-placed in contributing to the global arena of humanitarian policy and social research. Read More

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Cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment delays in the developing world: Evidence from a hospital-based study in Zambia.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 13;37:100784. Epub 2021 May 13.

University of Namibia, Faculty of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, School of Science, Katima Mulilo Campus, Winele Road, Private Bag 1096, Ngweze, Katima Mulilo, Namibia.

Expedited diagnostic processes for all suspected cervical cancer cases remain essential in the effort to improve clinical outcomes of the disease. However, in some developing countries like Zambia, there is paucity of data that assesses factors influencing diagnostic and treatment turnaround time (TAT) and other metrics vital for quality cancer care. We conducted a retrospective hospital-based study at the Cancer Diseases Hospital (CDH) for cervical cancer cases presenting to the facility between January 2014 and December 2018. Read More

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Analysis of endometrial thickness patterns and pregnancy outcomes considering 12,991 fresh IVF cycles.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2021 06 3;21(1):176. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Background: Different endometrial patterns have an important effect on the relationship between endometrial thickness (EMT) and clinical pregnancy rate. There is a significant difference in age, selection of cycle protocols, and clinical pregnancy rates among four groups with diverse endometrial patterns.

Methods: This retrospective study aimed to assess the association between EMT on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) administration day and the clinical outcome of fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF). Read More

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Protocol for analysing the epidemiology of maternal mortality in Zimbabwe: A civil registration and vital statistics trend study.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(6):e0252106. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) carries the highest burden of maternal mortality, yet, the accurate maternal mortality ratios (MMR) are uncertain in most SSA countries. Measuring maternal mortality is challenging in this region, where civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are weak or non-existent. We describe a protocol designed to explore the use of CRVS to monitor maternal mortality in Zimbabwe-an SSA country. Read More

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Use of Electronic Medical Records to Estimate Changes in Pregnancy and Birth Rates During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 06 1;4(6):e2111621. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Importance: The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on fertility rates has been suggested in the lay press and anticipated based on documented decreases in fertility and pregnancy rates during previous major societal and economic shifts. Anticipatory planning for birth rates is important for health care systems and government agencies to accurately estimate size of economy and model working and/or aging populations.

Objective: To use projection modeling based on electronic health care records in a large US university medical center to estimate changes in pregnancy and birth rates prior to and after the COVID-19 pandemic societal lockdowns. Read More

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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Institutional-based Delivery in The Gambia: Further Analysis of Population-based Cross- Sectional Data.

Afr J Reprod Health 2020 Jun;24(2):176-186

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Institutional-based delivery could be the major strategy to avoid most maternal deaths occurring from preventable obstetric complications. The study examines the prevalence and factors associated with institutional-based delivery in The Gambia. The secondary data, from The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) - 2018 for 3,791 women aged 15-49 years who had given birth, were extracted for the analysis. Read More

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The Pattern and Spectrum of Severe Maternal Morbidities in Nigerian tertiary Hospitals.

Afr J Reprod Health 2020 Jun;24(2):115-122

Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Maternal morbidities are precursors to maternal mortality as well as potential causes of life time disability and poor quality of life. This study aimed to determine the pattern and spectrum of life-threatening maternal morbidities seen in tertiary reproductive health facilities in Nigeria. All cases of severe maternal outcome (SMO), maternal near-misses (MNM), or maternal death (MD), attending 42 tertiary hospitals across all geopolitical zones of Nigeria were prospectively identified using the WHO criteria over a period of 14 months. Read More

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Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes after Very Early Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM)-A Retrospective Analysis over the Period 2000-2020.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 11;57(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Jerez de la Frontera, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cadiz, 11407 Cadiz, Spain.

: Pre-term premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) responds for one third of preterm births, and it is associated with other complications that increase the risk of maternal or fetal poor outcome. To reduce uncertainty and provide accurate information to patients, the analysis of the large series is of great importance. In order to learn about the evolution over the time of the obstetric and perinatal outcomes in cases of PPROM at, or before, 28 weeks (very early PPROM) managed with an expectant/conservative protocol, we have designed the present study. Read More

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Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 in pregnant women using a combination of antigen and RT-PCR testing.

Infez Med 2021 Jun;29(2):294-296

Department of Infectious Disease, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Ponekkara, Kochi, India.

Not available. Read More

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Prevalence of pre-operative anxiety and associated factors among a group of women undergoing gynaecological surgeries at a single unit in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka.

F1000Res 2021 5;10:74. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Senior Registrar in Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, Angoda, Sri Lanka.

Surgery-related anxiety is universal, leading to complications. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of pre-operative anxiety levels among a group of patients. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 64 women was conducted in a tertiary care hospital, Sri Lanka. Read More

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Estimating the indirect prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in Switzerland.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 29;21(1):1011. Epub 2021 May 29.

Division of Gynaecology, Department of Paediatrics, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Geneva University Hospitals, Boulevard de la Cluse 30, Geneva, 1211, Switzerland.

Background: We updated the indirect estimates for women and girls living with Female Genital Mutilation Cutting (FGM/C) in Switzerland, using data from the Swiss Federal Statistical Office of migrant women and girls born in one of the 30 high-prevalence FGM/C countries that are currently living in Switzerland.

Methods: We used Yoder and Van Baelen's "Extrapolation of FGM/C Countries' Prevalence Data" method, where we applied DHS and MICS prevalence figures from the 30 countries where FGM/C is practiced, and applied them to the immigrant women and girls living in Switzerland from the same 30 countries.

Results: In 2010, the estimated number of women and girls living with or at risk of FGM/C in Switzerland was 9059, whereas in 2018, we estimated that 21,706 women and girls were living with or at risk of FGM/C. Read More

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COVID-19 and perinatal intimate partner violence: a cross-sectional survey of pregnant and postpartum individuals in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

BMJ Open 2021 05 27;11(5):e049295. Epub 2021 May 27.

Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to: (1) document violent and controlling behaviours within intimate partnerships during the perinatal period; and (2) determine individual, interpersonal and household-level factors influencing the risk of perinatal intimate partner violence (IPV).

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: The Ottawa Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Read More

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Anti-Müllerian hormone level may predict successful pregnancy after adenomyomectomy in patients with infertility due to adenomyosis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26075

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University College of Medicine.

Abstract: We aimed to determine clinical factors predicting successful pregnancy by comparing pregnancy failure and success groups after adenomyomectomy. Additionally, we analyzed fertility outcomes after adenomyomectomy.The medical records of 43 patients who had undergone adenomyomectomy and received in vitro fertilization treatment from 2017 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Identifying maternal deaths with the use of hospital data versus death certificates: a retrospective population-based study.

CMAJ Open 2021 Apr-Jun;9(2):E539-E547. Epub 2021 May 21.

Institute of Medical Science (Aflaki), University of Toronto; ICES Central (Park), Toronto, Ont.; Maternal, Child and Youth Health Division (Nelson, Luo), Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.; Departments of Medicine (Ray) and Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ray), St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ont.

Background: Accurate identification of maternal deaths is paramount for audit and policy purposes. Our aim was to determine the accuracy and completeness of data on maternal deaths in hospital and those recorded on a death certificate, and the level of agreement between the 2 data sources.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective population-based study using data for Ontario, Canada, from Apr. Read More

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COVID-19 in Africa: an ovarian victory?

J Ovarian Res 2021 May 21;14(1):70. Epub 2021 May 21.

Departments of Cellular and Molecular Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1H 8M5, Canada.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mainly attacks the respiratory system and is characterized by pneumonia, cytokine storm, coagulation disorders and severe immune downregulation. Although public health experts predicted worst outcomes in Africa, the incidence, hospitalization and mortality rates have been lower in Africa compared to other continents. Interestingly, lower incidence and mortality rates have been observed in women from Africa compared to their cohorts from other continents. Read More

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Magnitude and associated factors of menstrual irregularity among undergraduate students of Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia.

Reprod Health 2021 May 21;18(1):101. Epub 2021 May 21.

College of public Health, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.

Background: Menstrual irregularity is a common problem among women aged from 21 to 25 years. Previously published work on menstrual irregularity used inconsistent definition which results in a difference in prevalence. Therefore the study aimed to assess the magnitude and associated factors of menstrual irregularity among undergraduate students of Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia. Read More

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Analysis of selected perinatological indicators in the Slovak Republic in the years 2007-2018.

Ceska Gynekol 2021 ;86(2):102-109

Objective: Analysis of perinatal mortality in the Slovak Republic during the years 2007-2018.

Methods: Analysis of prospectively collected selected perinatal data in the years 2007-2018.

Results: In the year 2007, there were 63 obstetrics units, 51,146 deliveries and that of live births 51,650 in the Slovak Republic. Read More

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Body mass index and adverse outcomes among singletons with cerclage.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 15;262:129-133. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States.

Objective: To compare the neonatal and maternal adverse outcomes among women with cerclage and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) < versus > 30 kg/m STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study utilized the U.S. Vital Statistics Datasets from 2011-2013. Read More

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Methylated spirit versus chlorhexidine gel: A randomized non-inferiority trial for prevention of neonatal umbilical cord infection in Jos, North-Central Nigeria.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 May;24(5):762-769

Professor of Paediatrics, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria /Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Background: Omphalitis is an important cause of neonatal sepsis (NNS) and mortality. Quantitative estimates of risk of omphalitis-related neonatal death is about 10%-19%. Topical applications of antiseptics have been shown to reduce this risk burden but has not been well investigated. Read More

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Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020.

Euro Surveill 2021 05;26(20)

Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

BackgroundPopulation-based studies characterising outcomes of COVID-19 in European settings are limited, and effects of socio-economic status (SES) on outcomes have not been widely investigated. AimWe describe the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases, highlighting incidence and mortality rate differences across SES during the first wave in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.MethodsThis population-based study reports individual-level data of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases diagnosed from 24 February to 4 May 2020, notified to the Public Health Agency of Barcelona and followed until 15 June 2020. Read More

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Current status of community-acquired infection of COVID-19 in delivery facilities in Japan.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(5):e0251434. Epub 2021 May 20.

Seijyo Kinoshita Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A nationwide questionnaire survey about community-acquired infection of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was conducted in July 2020 to identify the characteristics of and measures taken by Japanese medical facilities providing maternity services. A case-control study was conducted by including medical facilities with (Cases) and without (Control) community-acquired infection of COVID-19. Responses from 711 hospitals and 707 private clinics were assessed (72% of all hospital and 59% all private clinics provided maternity service in Japan). Read More

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Is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus a common pathogen in ventilation-associated pneumonia?: The experience of a tertiary teaching hospital in Jordan.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(20):e26069

Department of Pathology and Microbiology.

Abstract: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a life threatening device related infection in intensive care units. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is considered a common contagious pathogen causing pneumonia and sepsis.To assess the prevalence of S aureus in comparison to other pathogens, and their antibacterial sensitivity profile in ventilator-associated pneumonia. Read More

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An interventional study on the influence of social and family support systems on the fertility pattern of HIV-infected women.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(20):e26027

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Secod Hospital Affiliated to Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Objectives: This study was designed to explore the influence of social and family support system on the fertility pattern of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women.

Trial Design: An interventional study including 70 participants.

Methods: HIV-infected female participants treated from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected, randomly divided into 2 groups, with 35cases in each group. Read More

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The prevalence of uterine fundal pressure during the second stage of labour for women giving birth in health facilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Reprod Health 2021 May 18;18(1):98. Epub 2021 May 18.

Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Program, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Background: Uterine fundal pressure involves a birth attendant pushing on the woman's uterine fundus to assist vaginal birth. It is used in some clinical settings, though guidelines recommend against it. This systematic review aimed to determine the prevalence of uterine fundal pressure during the second stage of labour for women giving birth vaginally at health facilities. Read More

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Perinatal Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 05 3;4(5):e2110104. Epub 2021 May 3.

Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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Frozen vs. fresh cycles IVF outcomes: retrospective study from an Indonesian IVF centre.

BMC Res Notes 2021 May 10;14(1):177. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.

Objective: To compare the live birth rates (LBR) and neonatal outcomes of frozen cycle in vitro fertilization (IVF) with fresh cycle IVF in the Indonesian population.

Results: This was retrospective study using secondary data of IVF patients at a private fertility centre. Study recruitment was between 3/8/2018 and 31/12/2019. Read More

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Frequency and determinants of vitamin D deficiency among premenopausal and postmenopausal women in Karachi Pakistan.

BMC Womens Health 2021 05 10;21(1):194. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Medicine, Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is becoming a serious public health problem, even in sun-drenched cities like Karachi, Pakistan. We investigated the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measures, and lifestyle factors among premenopausal and postmenopausal women (n = 784).

Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect information and serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were measured after the interviews. Read More

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Epidemiological trends of maternal hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at the global, regional, and national levels: a population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 8;21(1):364. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Surgical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 710061, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Background: Relevant studies focusing on epidemiological of profiles hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from global data that report the cause-specific prevalence and trends of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at global, regional and national levels from 1990 to 2019 by age and sociodemographic index are still limited.

Methods: For hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, point prevalence, annual incidence, and years lived with disability numbers and age standardized rates per 100,000 population were compared at regional and national levels by age and sociodemographic index using data from the global Burden of Disease 2019 Study, covering populations from 204 countries and territories. Estimates are reported with uncertainty intervals to exhibit the changing trends during a specific period. Read More

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Progesterone levels on the human chorionic gonadotropin trigger day affect the pregnancy rates for embryos transferred at different stages of development in both general and selected IVF/ICSI populations.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 6;21(1):363. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Brest University Hospital, 2 avenue Foch, F-29200, Brest, France.

Background: Two meta-analyses have shown that pregnancy and birth rates are significantly higher after blastocyst transfer than after cleaved embryo transfer. Other studies have revealed that a serum progesterone level > 1.5 ng/ml on the trigger day is responsible for premature luteinization and is associated with a low pregnancy rate. Read More

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