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    183 results match your criteria Urticaria Contact Syndrome

    1 OF 4

    Cosmetic components causing contact urticaria: a review and update.
    Contact Dermatitis 2016 Dec 4;75(6):333-344. Epub 2016 Sep 4.
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals KU Leuven, Leuven, 3000, Belgium.
    Immediate skin reactions are common in dermatological practice, but may often be overlooked. The main objective of this article is to provide an update of the literature concerning immediate-type reactions or contact urticaria/contact urticaria syndrome caused by cosmetic ingredients in terms of immediate clinical symptoms, positive reactions following open, scratch or, most often, prick testing, and sometimes the detection of specific IgE antibodies. To this end, a selective search in different medical literature databases was performed. Read More

    [Mucosal diseases from an allergological perspective].
    Hautarzt 2016 Oct;67(10):780-785
    Univ. Klinik für Dermatologie, LKH Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 8, 8036, Graz, Österreich.
    The oral allergy syndrome is one of the most common form of food allergy and manifests as contact urticaria of the oral mucosa after consumption of cross reacting foods. Whereas allergic contact stomatitis often occurs due to dental materials, allergic contact cheilitis is usually a reaction due to topical therapeutics like herpes ointments or lip care products. As late type reactions are more frequent than immediate type reactions in the anogenital mucosa, contact dermatitis in this area should be identified via epicutaneous testing. Read More

    Update on the bird-egg syndrome and genuine poultry meat allergy.
    Allergo J Int 2016;25:68-75. Epub 2016 May 2.
    Molecular Biotechnology Section, University of Applied Sciences, Campus Vienna Biocenter, Vienna, Austria.
    Allergy to poultry meat is rare and affects both children and adults. The prevalence of poultry meat allergy is unknown, but presumably is similar to that of red meat allergy. There is no close relationship between allergy to poultry meat and allergy to red meat. Read More

    Self-reported prevalence and risk factors associated with food hypersensitivity in Mexican young adults.
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2016 Jun 1;116(6):523-527.e3. Epub 2016 Apr 1.
    Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Médicas CICMED-UAEMex, Toluca, State of México, México. Electronic address:
    Background: Food hypersensitivity (FH) is defined as any unfavorable reaction after the ingestion, contact, or inhalation of a food. Few FH prevalence studies have been performed in the Mexican adult population.

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of self-reported FH and probable food allergy (FA) among a sample of Mexican young adults and to determine the most commonly involved foods, associated symptoms, and risk factors. Read More

    Off-Label Uses of Omalizumab.
    Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2016 Feb;50(1):84-96
    Unit of Allergy, University Hospital of La Plana in Vila-Real, Carretera Vila-Real-Burriana Km. 0.5, Vila-Real, Castellon, 12540, Spain.
    The off-label use of medicines is a common and extensive clinical practice. Omalizumab has been licensed for use in severe allergic asthma and chronic urticaria. Omalizumab dosing was based on body weight and baseline serum IgE concentration. Read More

    Mast-cell interleukin-1β, neutrophil interleukin-17 and epidermal antimicrobial proteins in the neutrophilic urticarial dermatosis in Schnitzler's syndrome.
    Br J Dermatol 2015 Aug 20;173(2):448-56. Epub 2015 Jul 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Radboud University Medical Center, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
    Background: Schnitzler's syndrome (SchS) is an autoinflammatory disease characterized by a chronic urticarial rash, a monoclonal component and signs of systemic inflammation. Interleukin (IL)-1β is pivotal in the pathophysiology.

    Objectives: Here we investigated the cellular source of proinflammatory mediators in the skin of patients with SchS. Read More

    Cutaneous reactions to vaccinations.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 May-Jun;33(3):327-32. Epub 2014 Dec 8.
    Department of Medicine, Section of Dermatology, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave MC 5067, Chicago, IL 60637; Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave MC, 5067 Chicago, IL 60637.
    Vaccinations are important for infectious disease prevention; however, there are adverse effects of vaccines, many of which are cutaneous. Some of these reactions are due to nonspecific inflammation and irritation at the injection site, whereas other reactions are directly related to the live attenuated virus. Rarely, vaccinations have been associated with generalized hypersensitivity reactions, such as erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, urticaria, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and drug hypersensitivity syndrome. Read More

    Eosinophilic Skin Diseases: A Comprehensive Review.
    Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2016 Apr;50(2):189-213
    Department of Dermatology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, China.
    Eosinophilic skin diseases, commonly termed as eosinophilic dermatoses, refer to a broad spectrum of skin diseases characterized by eosinophil infiltration and/or degranulation in skin lesions, with or without blood eosinophilia. The majority of eosinophilic dermatoses lie in the allergy-related group, including allergic drug eruption, urticaria, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and eczema. Parasitic infestations, arthropod bites, and autoimmune blistering skin diseases such as bullous pemphigoid, are also common. Read More

    [Anaphylactic reactions to low-molecular weight chemicals].
    Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online) 2015 Feb 6;69:197-206. Epub 2015 Feb 6.
    Katedra i Klinika Chorób Wewnętrznych, Geriatrii i Alergologii, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu.
    Low-molecular weight chemicals (haptens) include a large group of chemical compounds occurring in work environment, items of everyday use (cleaning products, clothing, footwear, gloves, furniture), jewelry (earrings, bracelets), drugs, especially in cosmetics. They cause type IV hypersensitive reactions. During the induction phase of delayed-type hypersensitivity, haptens form complexes with skin proteins. Read More

    Blastocystis, an unrecognized parasite: an overview of pathogenesis and diagnosis.
    Ther Adv Infect Dis 2013 Oct;1(5):167-78
    CNRS, UMR 6023, LMGE, F-63177 Aubière, France.
    Blastocystis sp. is among the few enteric parasites with a prevalence that often exceeds 5% in the general population of industrialized countries and can reach 30-60% in developing countries. This parasite is frequently found in people who are immunocompromised (patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or cancer) and a higher risk of Blastocystis sp. Read More

    Contact urticaria and the environment.
    Rev Environ Health 2014 ;29(3):207-15
    The environment is defined by the aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences. The biophysical environment includes the physical and biological factors, along with chemical interactions that affect an organism. Contact dermatitis includes any inflammatory skin reaction to direct or indirect contact with noxious agents in the environment. Read More

    Contact urticaria syndrome caused by haptens.
    Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2014 May 22;31(2):108-12. Epub 2014 Apr 22.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and Allergology, Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland. Head of Department: Prof. Bernard Panaszek MD, PhD.
    In the group of urticaria, contact urticaria syndrome is a particular variety. In these patients, appearance of typical skin lesions is preceded by contact of the skin and mucous membranes with various inhaled allergens, nutrients or contact details. Furthermore, symptoms connected with contact urticaria syndrome are characterized by gradual, stepwise waveform, which can be easily generalized - patients may develop systemic symptoms similar to those found in the angioedema, asthma or anaphylactic shock. Read More

    Molecular characterization of contact urticaria in patients with melon allergy.
    Br J Dermatol 2014 Mar;170(3):651-6
    Allergy Unit, Hospital Universitario Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain.
    Background: The relevance of contact allergy to plant-related food has recently emerged. Oral allergy syndrome is one of the most characteristic symptoms of fruit allergy, although it also causes systemic reactions. Plant-food allergy is increasing at the same time as pollen allergy, and fruit-induced allergic contact urticaria could be rising as well. Read More

    Seroprevalence of IgG anti-Toxocara canis antibodies and anti-Fasciola sp. antibodies in patients with urticaria.
    Clin Ter 2013 ;164(4):315-7
    Departments of 1Clinical Microbiology, Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey.
    Aims: Chronic urticaria (CU) is defined by recurrent episodes occurring at least twice a week for 6 weeks and generally characterized by the rapid appearance of wheals and/or angioedema and may be associated with parasitic infections. We aimed to investigate the seroprevalance of Toxocara canis and Fasciola species in patients with CU.

    Materials And Methods: We included 55 patients (in age 16-55) with urticaria admitted in study. Read More

    [Nickel dermatitis, systemic nickel allergy syndrome, immuno-genesis, immune-tolerance: an Italian study].
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2012 Jul-Sep;34(3 Suppl):147-9
    Divisione Malattie Allergiche CIMAL (DIMAC), Centro Italiano Medicina Ambiente Lavoro (Gruppo CIMAL), Cremona-Milano, Italy.
    Subjects with Nickel sensitization proved by patch test may suffer of contact eczema, but also of a Sistemic Nickel Allergy Syndrome (SNAS) consisting of urticaria-like troubles, itch, erythema, cutaneous rush, headache, intestinal symptoms, recurrent vesicular palmar dermatitis. 160 subjects (130 F, 30 M) were classified into three groups and underwent dosage of Nickel in urines (U-Ni) and blood (B-Ni). The two groups with SNAS showed an higher indicators of Nickel absorption, while the only-eczema group did not. Read More

    [Eczema and food allergy--is there a causal relationship?].
    Przegl Lek 2013 ;70(12):1051-5
    In spite of popular beliefs, the relationship between eczema and food allergy still puzzles researchers and clinicians, which in part is due to the variety of mechanisms involved in various types of allergy. One has to realize the differences between hypersensitivity reactions to food proteins (allergens capable of initiating immediate hypersensitivity or immune complex reactions) and low-molecular weight compounds (haptens that may initiate cytotoxic reactions or delayed-type allergy). Hardly doubted is the role of IgE specific to food proteins in anaphylactic reactions and allergic urticaria. Read More

    [Oral allergy syndrome in patients with pollen allergy].
    Przegl Lek 2013 ;70(11):885-7
    The symptoms of pollen allergy in the European population occur in a period of increased pollen precipitation, and take the form of allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, contact urticaria, and food allergy. Diagnosis in addition to medical history, takes into account the positive results of skin tests and elevated allergen-specific IgE antibodies (specific IgE) in serum. These studies are considered to be objective diagnostic tests confirming the diagnosis of pollen allergy. Read More

    Hypersensitivity reactions to proton pump inhibitors.
    Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2012 Aug;12(4):348-53
    Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose Of Review: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are one of most frequently prescribed drugs in the world. The purpose of this review is to describe the hypersensitivity reactions to PPI.

    Recent Findings: Hypersensitivity reactions to PPI vary from mild symptoms to life-threatening disorders. Read More

    Five cases of contact dermatitis to a trendy pet.
    Dermatology 2012 1;224(4):292-4. Epub 2012 Jun 1.
    Service de dermatologie et allergologie, Hôpital Tenon, AP-HP, Paris, France.
    Skin contact with animal hair may induce contact urticaria (syndrome) or protein contact dermatitis. We report here 5 cases of dermatitis due to contact with ferrets kept as pets. The nature of the skin lesions, i. Read More

    Topical and systemic therapies for nickel allergy.
    Dermatitis 2011 Sep-Oct;22(5):251-5
    Department of Dermatology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Nickel allergy can result in both cutaneous and systemic manifestations, and can range from mild to severe symptoms. A severe form of this allergy is the Systemic nickel allergy syndrome, clinically characterized by cutaneous manifestions (contact dermatitis, pompholyx, hand dermatitis dyshydrosis, urticaria) with chronic course and systemic symptoms (headache, asthenia, itching, and gastrointestinal disorders related to histopathological alterations of gastrointestinal mucosa, borderline with celiac disease). This review aims to briefly update the reader on past and current therapies for nickel contact allergy. Read More

    Molecular allergology in practice: an unusual case of LTP allergy.
    Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2011 Dec;43(6):193-5
    Division of Asthma and Allergy, Department of Chest Diseases, University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.
    The authors describe an unusual case of LTP allergy. A 35 years old patient presented repeated episodes of angiooedema after food intake and complained 10 years ago of contact urticaria and rhinoconjunctivitis when exposed to cannabis leaves and to marijuana smoke. The suspected responsible foods, such as wheat flour in bread, are known to contain LTR Oral syndrome occurred after ingestion of walnuts. Read More

    [Principles of treatment and protection for sensitive skin].
    Hautarzt 2011 Dec;62(12):906-13
    Universität Hamburg, Deutschland.
    Patients with sensitive skin complain of itching, burning, pricking or stretching sensations of the skin and even pain following application of external agents or exposure to certain environmental factors. In most cases of sensitive skin the cause remains unclear and allergic contact dermatitis, toxic irritant dermatitis or contact urticaria can be diagnosed only in a few patients. After exclusion of known exogenous or endogenous causes patients should be informed on the characteristics of sensitive skin. Read More

    Hypersensitivity manifestations to the fruit mango.
    Asia Pac Allergy 2011 Apr 26;1(1):43-9. Epub 2011 Apr 26.
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India.
    The objectives of this study are 1) To review the published data and document the current knowledge on allergic manifestations to the fruit mango 2) To highlight the two distinct clinical presentations of hypersensitivity reactions caused by mango 3) To discuss the role of cross-reactivity 4) To increase awareness of potentially life threatening complications that can be caused by allergy to mango. An extensive search of the literature was performed in Medline/PubMed with the key terms "mango", "anaphylaxis", "contact dermatitis", "cross-reactivity", "food hypersensitivity", "oral allergy syndrome" and "urticaria". The bibliographies of all papers thus located were searched for further relevant articles. Read More

    [Nickel risk in metal processing workers. Highlights on toxic and allergic effects].
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2011 Jul-Sep;33(3 Suppl):53-6
    Divisione Malattie Allergiche CIMAL (DIMAC), Centro Italiano Medicina Ambiente Lavoro (Gruppo CIMAL), Via Friuli n. 61 20135 Milano, Italy.
    Nowadays nickel is a global problem, related to occupations (mainly metalworkers) and to life habits. The dietary intake, more than environments, is the source of a basic immune identification and also of possible complications after occupational inhalation or contact. Nickel insoluble compounds are proved to be cancerogenic. Read More

    Systemic nickel hypersensitivity and diet: myth or reality?
    Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2011 Feb;43(1):5-18
    Pediatric Allergology, Frosinone General Hospital, Frosinone, Italy.
    Unlabelled: Nickel is a very common metal contained in many everyday objects and is the leading cause of ACD (Allergic Contact Dermatitis). Nickel is present in most of the constituents of a normal diet, but some food groups are usually considered to be richer. However, the nickel content of specific food can vary widely, depending on many factors. Read More

    Peach-induced contact urticaria is associated with lipid transfer protein sensitization.
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2011 26;154(4):345-8. Epub 2010 Oct 26.
    Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano, Italia.
    Background: Peach-induced contact urticaria is frequent in peach-allergic subjects.

    Objective: It was the aim of this study to detect whether contact urticaria is associated with a specific peach allergen.

    Methods: Ninety-two peach-allergic subjects were studied. Read More

    Immediate contact skin reactions, an update of Contact Urticaria, Contact Urticaria Syndrome and Protein Contact Dermatitis -- "A Never Ending Story".
    Eur J Dermatol 2010 Sep-Oct;20(5):552-62. Epub 2010 Aug 23.
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Passeig Maritim 25-29, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.
    Listening and paying attention to our patients is crucial for understanding a disease. A good example is Immediate Contact Skin Reactions (ICSR) which manifest as Contact Urticaria Syndrome (CUS), Contact Urticaria (CU) and Protein Contact Dermatitis (PCD). These entities are characterized by the immediate skin development of itchy flares, wheals, and/or dermatitis. Read More

    [Cold-induced urticaria and angioedema. Classification, diagnosis and therapy].
    Hautarzt 2010 Sep;61(9):743-9
    Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Allergie-Centrum-Charité, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin.
    The onset of wheals and/or angioedema following the exposure to cold may be associated with a number of different diseases. Most frequently this occurs in cold contact urticaria, a type of physical urticaria, which is characterized by a positive cold stimulation test. The clinical symptoms are based on cold-dependent mast cell activation with subsequent release of proinflammatory mediators. Read More

    Beta-lactam antibiotic sensitization and its relationship to allergic diseases in tertiary hospital nurses.
    Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2010 Apr 24;2(2):114-22. Epub 2010 Mar 24.
    Allergy Division of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
    Purpose: Skin allergies through type 1 and 4 hypersensitivity reactions are the most frequent manifestations of drug allergies. We had previously experienced a case of a nurse with cefotiam-induced contact urticaria syndrome. To aid in preventing the progression of drug-induced allergic disease in nurses, we conducted a survey of tertiary hospital nurses who were likely to have been exposed professionally to antibiotics. Read More

    Diet in dermatology: revisited.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2010 Mar-Apr;76(2):103-15
    Department of Dermatology and STD, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry-605 006, India.
    Diet has an important role to play in many skin disorders, and dermatologists are frequently faced with the difficulty of separating myth from fact when it comes to dietary advice for their patients. Patients in India are often anxious about what foods to consume, and what to avoid, in the hope that, no matter how impractical or difficult this may be, following this dictum will cure their disease. There are certain disorders where one or more components in food are central to the pathogenesis, e. Read More

    Contact urticaria with systemic symptoms due to hexylene glycol in a topical corticosteroid: case report and review of hypersensitivity to glycols.
    Dermatology 2010 25;220(3):238-42. Epub 2010 Feb 25.
    Allergy Unit, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    We report a case of severe contact urticaria with systemic involvement resembling an anaphylactic reaction, following the application of a topical corticosteroid. This was caused by hexylene glycol, an excipient in the formulation. Glycols are widely used in cosmetics, foods and topical and systemic drugs. Read More

    The inflammasome, an innate immunity guardian, participates in skin urticarial reactions and contact hypersensitivity.
    Allergol Int 2010 Jun 25;59(2):105-13. Epub 2010 Feb 25.
    Department of Dermatology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
    Urticarial rash, one of the clinical manifestations characteristic of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS), is caused by a mutation in the gene encoding for NLRP3 (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine-rich repeats containing family, pyrin domain containing 3). This intracellular pattern recognition receptor and its adaptor protein, called apoptosis associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment and activating domain (ASC), participate in the formation of a multi-protein complex termed the inflammasome. The inflammasome is responsible for activating caspase-1 in response to microbial and endogenous stimuli. Read More

    Contact urticaria: present scenario.
    Indian J Dermatol 2009 Jul;54(3):264-8
    Department of Dermatology, The Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio.
    Immunological contact urticaria is a hypersensitivity reaction that appears on the skin following contact with an eliciting substance. Recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanism and pathogenesis of this reaction have altered its classification, diagnosis, and treatment. We discuss classification, epidemiology, diagnosis, testing, and treatment options that are available to patients with contact urticaria. Read More

    Allergic contact dermatitis: the future.
    Dermatitis 2009 Nov-Dec;20(6):327-33
    MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, IL, USA.
    This article discusses the future of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) diagnosis and management. Due to early landmark discoveries in this disorder, there is a knowledge base that can be refined. Improved patch-test technology, patch-test strategy, and patch-testing clinical relevance are emphasized. Read More

    Serum levels of protein oxidation products in patients with nickel allergy.
    Allergy Asthma Proc 2009 Sep-Oct;30(5):552-7
    School and Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Human Pathology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
    Nickel sensitization can not only induce allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), but also can induce an overlapping disease referred to as "systemic nickel allergy syndrome" (SNAS), characterized by urticaria/angioedema and gastrointestinal symptoms correlated to the ingestion of nickel-containing foods. This study was designed to determine if oxidative stress occurs in patients with nickel allergy. Thirty-one female patients (mean age 31. Read More

    Clinical presentation and diagnosis of meat allergy in Switzerland and Southern Germany.
    Swiss Med Wkly 2009 May;139(17-18):264-70
    Allergy Unit, University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Study/principles: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of meat allergy, to validate the routine diagnostic tools and to compare our results with data from the literature.

    Methods: We recruited within the framework of the EU-project REDALL adult patients and children with a positive case history of meat allergy. Definitive inclusion criteria were either a history of an anaphylactic reaction to meat or a positive titrated double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge with the incriminated meat. Read More

    Component-resolved in vitro diagnosis in peach-allergic patients.
    J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2009 ;19(1):13-20
    Allergy Service, Basurto Hospital, Bilbao, Spain. 2 Department of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, University Clinic, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Background: The in vitro diagnosis of pollen-related food allergy presents low specificity and reproducibility with many conventional extracts. This can be improved using natural purified allergens, recombinant purified allergens, or both.

    Objective: We compared specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E determination (slgE), the basophil activation test (BAT), the histamine release test (HRT), and the cellular allergen stimulation test (CAST) using natural and recombinant allergens in the diagnosis of peach allergy. Read More

    Clinical, anamnestic and serological features of peach allergy in portugal.
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2009 26;149(1):65-73. Epub 2008 Nov 26.
    Serviço de Imunoalergologia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Norte, Portugal.
    Background: Peach is a common food allergen source throughout Europe. The aim of this study was to characterize peach allergy in a Portuguese patient population.

    Methods: Thirty peach-allergic patients confirmed by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges and 29 controls were included. Read More

    Angioedema due to acquired C1-inhibitor deficiency: a bridging condition between autoimmunity and lymphoproliferation.
    Autoimmun Rev 2008 Dec 12;8(2):156-9. Epub 2008 Jun 12.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Milan, IRCCS Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy.
    Angioedema due to an acquired deficiency in the inhibitor of the first component of human complement (CI-INH) is a rare syndrome that is usually identified as acquired angioedema (AAE). The clinical features of C1-INH deficiency, which may also be of genetic origin (hereditary angioedema, HAE), include subcutaneous, non-pruritic swelling, involvement of the upper respiratory tract, and abdominal pain due to partial obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract. Unlike those with HAE, AAE patients have no family history of angioedema and are characterised by the late onset of symptoms and various responses to treatment due to the hypercatabolism of C1-INH. Read More

    Fish allergy in childhood.
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2008 Nov;19(7):573-9
    Sección Alergia Pedriatrica, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain.
    Fish and its derived products play an important role in human nutrition, but they may also be a potent food allergen. Fish can be an ingested, contact, and inhalant allergen. Gad c I, a Parvalbumin, the major allergen in codfish, is considered as fish and amphibian pan-allergen. Read More

    Urticaria and urticaria related skin condition/disease in children.
    Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2008 May;40(1):5-13
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Florence, Italy.
    Urticaria is a rash, that typically involves skin and mucosa, and is characterized by lesions known as hives or wheals. In some cases there is an involvement of deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue that causes a skin/mucosa manifestation called angioedema. Urticaria and angioedema are very often associated: urticaria-angioedema syndrome. Read More

    Food contact hypersensitivity syndrome: the mucosal contact urticaria paradigm.
    Clin Exp Dermatol 2008 Jul;33(4):383-9
    Dermatology Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK.
    Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) or pollen-fruit allergy syndrome represents a mucosal allergic contact urticaria in people sensitized to common pollens, due to IgE cross-reactivity between homologous pollen allergens and various plant foods. It is the most prevalent food allergy, affecting millions of people with respiratory allergies. Usually, symptoms are mild, self-limiting and localized to the oropharyngeal mucosa, although they may sometimes become generalized and life-threatening. Read More

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