3,576 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy


Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children.

Am Fam Physician 2018 Jun;97(12):785-793

University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, USA.

Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in children is defined as at least three episodes of pain that occur over at least three months and affect the child's ability to perform normal activities. RAP is most often considered functional (nonorganic) abdominal pain, but an organic cause is found in 5% to 10% of cases. Further workup is warranted in children who have RAP and fever, vomiting, blood in the stool, more than three alarm symptoms, or a history of urinary tract infections. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

The association between urinary tract infection during pregnancy and preeclampsia: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12192

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

Objective: The association between urinary tract infection (UTI) during pregnancy and preeclampsia (PE) continues to be the subject of debate. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the relationship between UTI during pregnancy and PE.

Study Design: Observational studies up to October 2017, extracted from Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases, were included in the analysis. Read More

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September 2018

Pregnancy Related Health Care Needs in Refugees-A Current Three Center Experience in Europe.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Sep 5;15(9). Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Immigration into Europe has reached an all-time high. Provision of coordinated healthcare, especially to refugee women that are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, is a challenge for receiving health care systems. We assessed pregnancy rates and associated primary healthcare needs in three refugee cohorts in Northern Germany during the current crisis. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Infections During Pregnancy.

Prim Care 2018 Sep 9;45(3):567-586. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.

Several infections have unique consequences or considerations in pregnancy. Some common infections such as urinary tract infections, influenza, sexually transmitted diseases, and vaginitis affect pregnant women differently than the general population, can cause pregnancy complications, and require treatments that are safe in pregnancy. Infections such as hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted vertically and therefore management focuses on decreasing perinatal transmission. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Characterization of Maternal and Neonatal Pharmacokinetic Behavior of Ceftazidime.

J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Aug 16. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Pediatric Pharmacology and Pharmacometrics Research Center, University Children's Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Ceftazidime is a parenteral cephalosporin frequently used in pregnant women for treatment of urinary tract or intrauterine infections. Despite its regular use in pregnant women, ceftazidime disposition in both mother and fetus is not well understood, and a pharmacokinetic (PK) model that allows characterization and simulation of both maternal and preterm neonatal ceftazidime disposition is not available. In this study, 10 pregnant women with suspected or proven intrauterine infections in the late second and early third trimester were treated with 1 g of ceftazidime intravenously every 6 hours. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

CARRIAGE OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT UROBACTERIA BY ASYMPTOMATIC PREGNANT WOMEN IN YENAGOA, BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):14-20. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology & Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Background: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in pregnancy are associated with significant morbidity for both mother and baby but its early detection and treatments can prevent unfavorable complications in pregnancy. This study therefore determined the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria and antimicrobial resistance profile of the urinary bacteria among pregnant women in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: Mid-stream urine samples were collected from 201 apparently healthy pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Yenagoa. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

[Comparative effectivenesss of standard antibiotic therapy and Canephron N asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant women].

Authors:
K L Lokshin

Urologiia 2018 Jul(3):54-57

Clinical hospital Lapino, Lapino, Moscow region, Russia.

Current international and Russian clinical guidelines recommend treating asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy to prevent acute gestational pyelonephritis. At the same time, the growing resistance of uropathogens and the risks associated with antibiotic therapy in pregnancy dictate the need to limit the use of antibiotics and seek alternative approaches to antibacterial therapy.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 60 pregnant women who received either a standard antibiotic regimen (n=32) or the herbal preparation Canephron N (n=28). Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Maternal and perinatal complications in pregnant women with urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Aug 5;44(8):1384-1390. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Research Department , Women's Hospital, Secretariat of Health, Sinaloa, Mexico.

Aim: The incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnant women may vary from 5-10% and depends on parity, race, socioeconomic status and anatomical and functional changes in pregnancy. In Mexico, preterm birth accounts for 75% of perinatal deaths and 50% of the neurological sequelae attributable directly to prematurity. The objective of the present study is to describe maternal and perinatal complications in pregnant women with UTI caused by Escherichia coli and to find out the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads
0.93 Impact Factor

Incidence of postpartum infection, outcomes and associated risk factors at Mbarara regional referral hospital in Uganda.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Jun 28;18(1):270. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: There is a paucity of recent prospective data on the incidence of postpartum infections and associated risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective studies estimate that puerperal sepsis causes approximately 10% of maternal deaths in Africa.

Methods: We enrolled 4231 women presenting to a Ugandan regional referral hospital for delivery or postpartum care into a prospective cohort and measured vital signs postpartum. Read More

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June 2018
6 Reads
2.19 Impact Factor

Assessing the value of Western Cape Provincial Government health administrative data and electronic pharmacy records in ascertaining medicine use during pregnancy.

S Afr Med J 2018 Apr 25;108(5):439-443. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: In African settings, where there is a high disease burden, there is a need to improve the science of documenting and analysing accurate information regarding medicine exposures in women immediately before and during pregnancy to assess the extent of use and safety in pregnant women and their unborn children.

Objectives: To compare evidence of medicine use during pregnancy, as documented in paper-based clinical records (maternity case records (MCRs)) against electronic health information resources (Provincial Health Data Centre (PHDC)) and assess the level of concordance between the two as part of baseline investigations before piloting a provincial pregnancy exposure registry and birth defect surveillance system. The PHDC consolidates electronic clinical and pharmacy data. Read More

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A survey of the views and capabilities of community pharmacists in Western Australia regarding the rescheduling of selected oral antibiotics in a framework of pharmacist prescribing.

PeerJ 2018 7;6:e4726. Epub 2018 May 7.

School of Pharmacy, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Antibiotic misuse in the community contributes to antimicrobial resistance. One way to address this may be by better utilizing community pharmacists' skills in antibiotic prescribing. The aims of this study were to examine the level of support for "down-scheduling" selected antibiotics and to evaluate factors determining the appropriateness of community pharmacist prescribing for a limited range of infections, including their decision to refer to a doctor. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

New horizons for multiple sclerosis therapeutics: milestones in the development of ocrelizumab.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 23;14:1093-1099. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Multiple Sclerosis Center Binaghi Hospital, Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system, and both T and B cells are involved in its pathogenesis. The vast majority of disease-modifying drugs used for MS act on the inflammatory component of the disease and are approved for use in relapsing-remitting (RR) patients. Ocrelizumab (OCR) is the only MS drug that has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) not only for patients with RRMS but also for patients with primary progressive (PP) MS. Read More

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April 2018
4 Reads

Metabolite profiling for biomarkers in Schistosoma haematobium infection and associated bladder pathologies.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 04 30;12(4):e0006452. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Cell Biology and Genetics Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Metabolic fingerprinting analysis can offer insights into underlying reactions in a biological system; hence it is crucial to the understanding of disease pathogenesis and could provide useful tools for discovering biomarkers. We sought to examine the urine and plasma metabolome in individuals affected by urogenital schistosomiasis and its associated-bladder pathologies.

Methodology: Blood and midstream urine were obtained from volunteers who matched our inclusion criteria among residents from Eggua, southwestern Nigeria. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence and factors associated with preterm birth at kenyatta national hospital.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 04 19;18(1):107. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Division of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 20750-00202, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Read More

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April 2018
4 Reads

A term vaginal delivery by a patient with traumatic tetraplegia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(16):e0445

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University.

Rationale: About 60,0000 people are involved in traffic accident each year in China and spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs. Pregnant women with paraplegia is rare, and they face higher risk during pregnancy and childbirth.

Patient Concerns: We report a case of a 35-year-old patient with SCI, who had vaginal forceps delivery at 38 weeks and 5 days of gestation. Read More

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April 2018
23 Reads

A systematic review of non-antibiotic measures for the prevention of urinary tract infections in pregnancy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 04 13;18(1):99. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, PO Box 226, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AP, UK.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in pregnancy and account for the highest proportion of primary care antibiotic prescriptions issued to pregnant women in the UK. It is well known that antibiotic use is associated with increased antimicrobial resistance and therefore measures to minimise antibiotic use for UTI prevention have been studied. The efficacy and safety of these measures in pregnancy have not been addressed and therefore the aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify and evaluate potential measures to prevent UTIs in pregnant women. Read More

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April 2018
5 Reads

Honey Bee as Alternative Medicine to Treat Eleven Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Causing Urinary Tract Infection during Pregnancy.

Sci Pharm 2018 Apr 13;86(2). Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Biology, University 8 May 1945, 24000 Guelma, Algeria.

Medicinal benefits of honey bee have been recognized in the medical community since ancient times as a remedy for many diseases and infections. This study aimed to investigate the susceptibility of 11 multidrug-resistant bacterial strains, isolated from urinary tract infections of pregnant women, to six honey samples collected from different localities in the east of Algeria. The evaluation of the antibacterial activity was performed by the well method followed by the broth dilution method using two-fold dilutions of each honey sample ranging from 2. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Bladder management during pregnancy in women with spinal-cord injury: an observational, multicenter study.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Mar 29. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Urology Department, General Hospital, Riviera XXIX Aprile, 2, 30031, Dolo, Venice, Italy.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Pregnancy in women with spinal-cord injury (SCI) poses a clinical challenge. We hypothesized that changes in the management of neurogenic bladder during pregnancy are commonly required and should receive more attention.

Methods: Data were collected by retrospective analysis of medical records and via cross-sectional survey of 52 women with SCI, representing 67 pregnancies, at ten Italian neurourological clinics. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Antepartum urinary tract infection and postpartum depression in Taiwan - a nationwide population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 03 27;18(1):79. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in pregnant women due to anatomic and physiologic changes in the female urinary tract during pregnancy, and antepartum UTIs can cause adverse pregnancy outcomes that may induce mental stress. There have only been a few studies, however, investigating antepartum UTIs and mental stress. As such, the present study was conducted in order to investigate the association between antepartum UTIs and postpartum depression (PPD). Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Postpartum urinary tract infection by mode of delivery: a Danish nationwide cohort study.

BMJ Open 2018 03 14;8(3):e018479. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Hilleroed, Denmark.

Objectives: To examine the association between postpartum urinary tract infection and intended mode of delivery as well as actual mode of delivery.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting And Participants: All live births in Denmark between 2004 and 2010 (n=450 856). Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Outcomes of UTI and bacteriuria caused by ESBL vs. non-ESBL Enterobacteriaceae isolates in pregnancy: a matched case-control study.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Apr 14;146(6):771-774. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Infectious Diseases Institute,Soroka University Medical Center and Joyce and Irving Goldman Medical School,Ben-Gurion University of the Negev,Beer-Sheva,Israel.

Infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) have become increasingly prevalent, posing a serious public threat worldwide. It is commonly believed that untreated urinary tract infections (UTI) and asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) during pregnancy are associated with poor obstetric outcomes. Currently, there is a paucity of data regarding the outcomes or risk factors of such ESBL-E infections in pregnant women. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Number of colony forming units in urine at 35-37 weeks' gestation as predictor of the vaginal load of Group B Streptococci at birth.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Apr 21;223:68-71. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: To evaluate GBS colony numbers in the urine at 35-37 weeks' gestation to predict the load of GBS-colonization of the vagina at birth.

Study Design: In this prospective observational study, we included 902 unselected pregnant women. Exposure was GBS colony forming units (CFU) per mL urine at 35-37 weeks' gestation. Read More

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Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Pregnancy in the Female Bladder Exstrophy Patient.

Curr Urol Rep 2018 Feb 26;19(3):18. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, A-1302 Medical Center North, Nashville, TN, 37232-2765, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Classic bladder exstrophy (BE) remains one of the most demanding reconstructive challenges encountered in urology. In female BE patients, the long-term sequela of both primary and revision genitoplasty, as well as intrinsic pelvic floor deficits, predispose adult women to significant issues with sexual function, pelvic organ prolapse (POP), and complexities with reproductive health.

Recent Findings: Contemporary data suggest 30-50% of women with BE develop prolapse at a mean age of 16 years. Read More

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February 2018
3 Reads

Systematic review of shorter versus longer duration of bladder catheterization after surgical repair of urinary obstetric fistula.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2018 Jul 12;142(1):15-22. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research including UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Bladder catheterization duration after urinary obstetric fistula surgery varies widely.

Objective: To assess the effect of bladder catheterization duration after urinary obstetric fistula surgery.

Search Strategy: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, GIM, and POPLINE databases were searched, without language restrictions, using "obstetric urinary fistula" and "catheterization" from inception to September 30, 2017. Read More

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Urinary tract infection during pregnancy: current concepts on a common multifaceted problem.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 May 6;38(4):448-453. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

a 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infection in pregnancy, increasing the risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Urinary tract infections may present as asymptomatic bacteriuria, acute cystitis or pyelonephritis. Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen associated with both symptomatic and asymptomatic bacteriuria. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

[Factors associated with epilepsy in children in Mexico: A case-control study].

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2017 Sep - Oct;74(5):334-340. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Centro de Investigación de Enfermedades Tropicales (CIET), Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Guerrero, México; Departamento de Medicina Familiar, Universidad de McGill, Montreal, Canadá.

Background: Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease in the world. In Mexico, epilepsy is among the diseases more related to mortality due to non-infectious diseases in children. The objective of the study was to identify the factors associated with epilepsy in children entitled to the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), in Acapulco, Mexico. Read More

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September 2017
2 Reads

Recommendations of the Spanish Working Group on Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (GETECCU) on the use of thiopurines in inflammatory bowel disease.

Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 03 19;41(3):205-221. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Servicio de Digestivo, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.

Thiopurines (azathioprine and mercaptopurine) are widely used in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. In this paper, we review the main indications for their use, as well as practical aspects on efficacy, safety and method of administration. They are mainly used to maintain remission in steroid-dependent disease or with ciclosporin to control a severe ulcerative colitis flare-up, as well as to prevent postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence, and also in combination therapy with biologics. Read More

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March 2018
8 Reads

Asymptomatic bacteriuria and urinary tract infection in pregnant women with and without diabetes: Cohort study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Mar 7;222:176-181. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To compare the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnant women with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) or gestational DM (GDM).

Study Design: We performed a cohort study in five hospitals and two midwifery clinics in the Netherlands. Pregnant women with and without DM or GDM were screened for the presence of ASB around 12 and 32 weeks' gestation. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Antibiotics Dispensed to Privately Insured Pregnant Women with Urinary Tract Infections - United States, 2014.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Jan 12;67(1):18-22. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in about 8% of pregnant women, and untreated UTIs can have serious consequences, including pyelonephritis, preterm labor, low birth weight, and sepsis (1). Pregnant women are typically screened for UTIs during early pregnancy, and those with bacteriuria are treated with antibiotics (1,2). Antibiotic stewardship is critical to improving patient safety and to combating antibiotic resistance. Read More

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January 2018
48 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections across age groups.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Jul 2;219(1):40-51. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO.

Urinary tract infections are the most common outpatient infections, but predicting the probability of urinary tract infections through symptoms and test results can be complex. The most diagnostic symptoms of urinary tract infections include change in frequency, dysuria, urgency, and presence or absence of vaginal discharge, but urinary tract infections may present differently in older women. Dipstick urinalysis is popular for its availability and usefulness, but results must be interpreted in context of the patient's pretest probability based on symptoms and characteristics. Read More

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July 2018
9 Reads

Maternal and obstetric complications among HIV-infected women treated with highly active antiretroviral treatment at a Regional Hospital in Durban, South Africa.

Niger J Clin Pract 2017 Nov;20(11):1360-1367

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Introduction: HIV is the leading cause of maternal deaths in resource-poor countries. The use of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) has been shown to almost eliminate vertical transmission and improve maternal health outcomes. Its effect on direct obstetric conditions has not been well documented. Read More

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November 2017
1 Read

POTENTIAL TO REDUCE URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS WITH THE USE OF BLADDER SCANNERS IN MATERNITY CARE.

Aust Nurs Midwifery J 2017 03;24(8):40

The National Medical Research Council Australia website states that 20% of hospital acquired infections are urinary tract infections (UTIs). This percentage is derived from a study involving 75,694 participants, undertaken in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and of the reported UTIs, 40-57% are caused by urinary catheters (Smyth et al. 2008). Read More

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March 2017
4 Reads

Effects of ciprofloxacin and quercetin on fetal brain development: a biochemical and histopathological study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Jan 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

e Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine , Inonu University , Malatya , Turkey.

Purpose: Teratogens cause birth defects and malformations while human development is being completed. In pregnancy, urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common health problem caused by bacteria. The fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and gemifloxacin can treat various types of bacterial infections successfully. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

[Nosocomial urinary tract and surgical site infection rates in the Maternity Ward at the General Referral Hospital in Katuba, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo].

Pan Afr Med J 2017 21;28:57. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Ecole de Santé Publique, Université de Lubumbashi, République Démocratique du Congo.

Introduction: In Intertropical Africa hospitalized patients are exposed to a risk of nosocomial infections. The dearth of published data on this subject limits the descriptive analysis of the situation. This study aimed to determine the incidence, the germs responsible for these infections and the risk factors of nosocomial infections in the Maternity Ward at the General Referral Hospital in Katuba, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Read More

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December 2017
13 Reads

Sigmoidocolocystoplasty for neurogenic bladder reviewed after 20 years.

J Pediatr Surg 2017 Dec 2;52(12):2070-2073. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Department of General and Pediatric Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background/purpose: We report the current status of patients who underwent augmentation cystoplasty (AC) at least 20years previously.

Methods: Surgical history, incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and bladder stones, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), urine cytology, renal function, a colon cancer tumor marker (carcinoembryonic antigen: CEA), and patient outcomes were assessed.

Results: Forty patients who underwent AC (mean age: 34. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Urothelial cells may indicate underlying bacteriuria in pregnancy at term: a comparative study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017 Dec 8;17(1):414. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Institute for Women's Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Urinary tract infection is common in pregnancy. Urine is sampled from by mid-stream collection (MSU). If epithelial cells are detected, contamination by vulvo-vagial skin and skin bacteria is assumed. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

Bacteriology and Antibiogram of Urinary Tract Infection Among Female Patients in a Tertiary Health Facility in South Eastern Nigeria.

Open Microbiol J 2017 31;11:292-300. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Department of Peadiatrics, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Awka Campus, Anambra state, Nigeria.

Background: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a common contagion among men and women with the incidence relatively higher among women due to their differing anatomy. An understanding of the kind of pathogens implicated in urinary tract infections as well as antibiotic susceptibility profiling may help the clinician make rationally correct empirical choice in their treatment.

Objective: This study is aimed at determining the type and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacterial uropathogens isolated from female patients attending Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital (COOUTH), Awka, Nigeria. Read More

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October 2017
10 Reads

Routine antibiotic prophylaxis after normal vaginal birth for reducing maternal infectious morbidity.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 11 13;11:CD012137. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva, Switzerland, CH-1211.

Background: Infectious morbidities contribute to considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, including women at no apparent increased risk of infection. To reduce the incidence of infections, antibiotics are often administered to women after uncomplicated childbirth, particularly in settings where women are at higher risk of puerperal infectious morbidities.

Objectives: To assess whether routine administration of prophylactic antibiotics to women after normal (uncomplicated) vaginal birth, compared with placebo or no antibiotic prophylaxis, reduces postpartum maternal infectious morbidities and improves outcomes. Read More

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November 2017
12 Reads

Cross-sectional interview study of fertility, pregnancy, and urogenital schistosomiasis in coastal Kenya: Documented treatment in childhood is associated with reduced odds of subfertility among adult women.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Nov 27;11(11):e0006101. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.

Background: Previous research has documented an increased risk of subfertility in areas of sub-Saharan Africa, as well as an ecological association between urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence and decreased fertility. This pilot project examined reproductive patterns and the potential effects of childhood urogenital Schistosoma haematobium infection and individual treatment experience on adult subfertility among women who were long-term residents in an S. haematobium-endemic region of coastal Kenya. Read More

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November 2017
7 Reads

Sacral neuromodulation and pregnancy: Results of a national survey carried out for the neuro-urology committee of the French Association of Urology (AFU).

Neurourol Urodyn 2018 Feb 21;37(2):792-798. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Urology, Andrology and Transplantation, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, France.

Aims: To assess the impact of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) on pregnancy and vice-versa, by identifying women who had received SNM for lower-urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and had become pregnant.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out based on responses to an on-line questionnaire sent to practitioners listed on the InterStim enCaptureTM National Registry. Questions were related to pre-pregnancy health and SNM efficacy, deactivation of the device, its impact on LUTS, childbirth, the infant, its reactivation and postpartum effectiveness. Read More

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February 2018
17 Reads

Associations between bacterial infections and blood pressure in pregnancy.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2017 Oct 12;10:202-206. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; The Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that bacterial infections in pregnancy are related to maternal blood pressure.

Study Design: Bacterial infection was assessed using antibiotic usage as a surrogate and its association with blood pressure in pregnancy tested in the Cambridge Baby Growth Study.

Main Outcome Measures: Antibiotic usage in pregnancy was self-reported in questionnaires. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

Maternal urogenital schistosomiasis; monitoring disease morbidity by simple reagent strips.

PLoS One 2017 1;12(11):e0187433. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Urine analysis is one of the recommended antenatal guidelines for early diagnosis of pregnancy-associated complications. While in practice, urine analysis by dipstick had been used to provide useful information on other urinary tract infections, its applications for early detection of urogenital schistosomiasis in pregnant women is often times not given due attention in most endemic areas. Our study therefore assessed the performance of some common urinalysis parameters in the diagnosis of maternal urogenital schistosomiasis in endemic rural communities of Nigeria. Read More

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December 2017
12 Reads

Outpatient post-partum antibiotic prescription: method of identification of infection control areas demanding improvements and verification of sensitivity of infection registration.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2018 Jan;73(1):240-245

Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

Objectives: To evaluate data on outpatient antibiotic use in women post-labour as a potential method of monitoring infections in this group of patients.

Methods: Demographic and antibiotic prescription data originated from the registries of the National Health Fund (pol. Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia). Read More

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January 2018

[COMPLICATED URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN THE ELDERLY].

Authors:
I Ćosić V Ćosić

Acta Med Croatica 2016 12;70(4-5):249-55

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections involving lower (cystitis, prostatitis) or upper (pyelonephritis, renal abscess, perinephric abscess) urinary tract. Differentiation of complicated and uncomplicated UTI is usually based on the presence of structural or functional urinary tract abnormalities, which can increase the risk of treatment failure and development of serious complications. Factors that increase the risk are foreign bodies, stones, obstruction, neurogenic bladder, kidney transplantation, immunosuppression, and pregnancy. Read More

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December 2016
19 Reads

Evaluation of late adolescent pregnancies: Is late adolescence a risk factor for preterm labor?

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2017 Oct 29:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 29.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine , Marmara University , Maltepe, Istanbul , Turkey.

Study Objective: We evaluated effect of late adolescence during pregnancy and its confounding factors on neonatal and maternal results.

Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of late adolescence on maternal, perinatal outcomes and preterm labor.

Methods: This retrospective study was carried out on 172 late adolescents and 160 adult women who delivered in a tertiary center. Read More

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October 2017
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