3,761 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy


In Silico Subtractive Proteomics Approach for Identification of Potential Drug Targets in .

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Microbiology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab 38000, Pakistan.

is a uropathogenic bacteria responsible for acute urinary tract infections (UTIs) mainly in young female patients. Patients suffering from urinary catheterization, pregnant patients, the elderly as well as those with nosocomial UTIs are at greater risk of the colonizing infection. The causative factors include benign prostatic hyperplasia, indwelling catheter, neurogenic bladder, pregnancy, and history of frequent UTIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103644DOI Listing

[Consenso Argentino Intersociedades de Infección Urinaria 2018-2019 - Parte I].

Medicina (B Aires) 2020 ;80(3):229-240

Sociedad Argentina de Infectología, Argentina.

The Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases and other scientific societies have updated these recommendations based on data on urinary tract infections in adults obtained from a prospective multicenter study conducted in Argentina during 2016-2017. Asymptomatic bacteriuria should be treated only in pregnant women, who should also be systematically investigated; the antibiotics of choice are nitrofurantoin, amoxicillin, clavulanic/amoxicillin, cephalexin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In procedures involving injury to the urinary tract with bleeding, it is recommended to request urine culture and, in the presence of bacteriuria, antimicrobial treatment according to sensitivity should be prescribed from immediately before up to 24 hours after the intervention. Read More

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January 2020
0.421 Impact Factor

Urological issues in pregnancy: A review for urologists.

Can Urol Assoc J 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Urological issues in the pregnant patient present a unique clinical dilemma. These patients may be challenging to treat due to risks associated with medications and surgical procedures. This review aims to provide an update on the physiological changes and surgical risks in pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.6526DOI Listing

[Urinary tract infections in adults: Comparison of the French and the European guidelines].

Prog Urol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Service d'urologie et de transplantations rénales, CHU La Milétrie, CHU de Poitiers, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86021 Poitiers, France; Inserm U1070, UFR médecine-pharmacie, pharmacologie des anti-infectieux, pôle biologie santé, université de Poitiers, 1, rue Georges-Bonnet, bâtiment B36 TSA 51106, 86073 Poitiers cedex 9, France.

Introduction: Acute urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adult are now a major public health issue in terms of morbidity, mortality and in terms of costs for society. The latest French guidelines and the European Association of Urology guidelines differ in some points. The aim of this article is to compare the guidelines of these two societies in order to highlight their differences but also their common points in the management of UTIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2020.02.012DOI Listing

Urinary Tract Infections among Indonesian Pregnant Women and Its Susceptibility Pattern.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2020 21;2020:9681632. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia.

Pregnant women are usually at risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) such as asymptomatic bacteriuria. In the current multidrug-resistance era, appropriate diagnosis and treatment should be provided to avoid complications in pregnant women in developing countries, which have limited facilities, such as Indonesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro susceptibility tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9681632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191430PMC

Maternal Health after Stillbirth: Postpartum Hospital Readmission in California.

Am J Perinatol 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Pediatrics and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Objective:  The aim of this study is to assess whether the risk of postpartum readmission within 6 weeks of giving birth differs for women who had stillbirths compared with live births.

Study Design:  Using data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development in California, we performed a population-based cohort study of 7,398,640 births between 1999 and 2011. We identified diagnoses and procedures associated with the first postpartum hospital readmission that occurred within 6 weeks after giving birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1708803DOI Listing

Guideline of the Swiss Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (SSGO) on acute and recurrent urinary tract infections in women, including pregnancy.

Swiss Med Wkly 2020 May 4;150:w20236. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cantonal Hospital Winterthur, Switzerland.

Acute and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common auto-infectious diseases transmitted from the intestinal tract. They affect the urinary tract either through recurrence or through persistence. The incidence of UTIs increases with age and comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20236DOI Listing

Joint report of SBI (Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases), FEBRASGO (Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations), SBU (Brazilian Society of Urology) and SBPC/ML (Brazilian Society of Clinical Pathology/Laboratory Medicine): recommendations for the clinical management of lower urinary tract infections in pregnant and non-pregnant women.

Braz J Infect Dis 2020 Mar - Apr;24(2):110-119. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Departamento de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common condition in women. There is an increased concern on reduction of bacterial susceptibility resulting from wrongly prescribing antimicrobials. This paper summarizes the recommendations of four Brazilian medical societies (SBI - Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, FEBRASGO - Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations, SBU - Brazilian Society of Urology, and SBPC/ML - Brazilian Society of Clinical Pathology/Laboratory Medicine) on the management of urinary tract infection in women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjid.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Antibiotic resistant profile of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2020 May 4:1-9. Epub 2020 May 4.

Burn & Wound Healing Research Center, Microbiology Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

: Different microorganisms contribute in the pregnancy bacteriuria, which resistance microorganisms limited the therapeutic options for the treatment and increasing the related risks to pregnant women and their pregnancy. Based on this, asymptomatic bacteriuria and the use of inappropriate empirical antibiotics are dangerous in the emergence of pregnancy complications and the incidence of drug resistant.: A comprehensive systematic search was performed on all international databases including Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Cochrane library during 2000 - June 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14787210.2020.1759420DOI Listing
May 2020
3.461 Impact Factor

Standardised antenatal antibiotic regimens and neonatal sepsis-Are we certain we have it right?

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2020 04;60(2):E4

Department of Neonatal Medicine, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.13142DOI Listing

Antimicrobial resistance profiles and genes in uropathogenic Enterobacteriaceae in reproductive-age women in St. Petersburg, Russia: implication for treatment of pyelonephritis in pregnancy.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Apr 14:1-3. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Laboratory of Microbiology, D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in women, and during pregnancy can cause significant morbidity. Growing and greatly varying antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of Enterobacteriaceae, responsible for most UTIs, necessitates regular local AMR surveillance. In obstetric population, where beta-lactams are the mainstay for treatment of severe UTIs, particular focus should be placed on beta-lactam resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1752655DOI Listing

Perioperative Stroke and Readmissions Rates in Noncardiac Non-Neurologic Surgery.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 Jun 9;29(6):104792. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: Perioperative stroke is a feared and potentially disastrous complication of surgery. Postdischarge care, specifically hospital readmissions, can significantly impact postsurgical recovery and provides a useful metric for quality care. Our primary aim was examining 30-day readmissions for patients who had a perioperative stroke undergoing noncardiac non-neurosurgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.104792DOI Listing

Antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal delivery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 03 26;3:CD004455. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Vacuum and forceps assisted vaginal deliveries are reported to increase the incidence of postpartum infections and maternal readmission to hospital compared to spontaneous vaginal delivery. Prophylactic antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent these infections. However, the benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal deliveries is still unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004455.pub5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096725PMC

Neurological outcomes of congenital Zika syndrome in toddlers and preschoolers: a case series.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2020 May 18;4(5):378-387. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Research Institute Professor Amorim Neto, Campina Grande, Brazil; Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande, Brazil; UNIFACISA - University Center, Campina Grande, Brazil.

Background: Congenital Zika syndrome causes a spectrum of neurological symptoms with varying effects on function that require different therapeutic strategies. To date, this spectrum of effects and its clinical implications have not been completely described. We describe the neurological examination findings in toddlers and preschoolers, including predominant symptom complexes and comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30041-9DOI Listing

Pregnancy Outcomes among Obese Pregnant Women with Hypothyroidism: Medical Record Review of a Single Tertiary Center in Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2020 Feb 10;12(2):e6938. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, SAU.

Background Thyroid disorder is common among pregnant women. Hashimoto thyroiditis is the most common etiology of hypothyroidism among pregnant women. Many studies showed that hypothyroidism during pregnancy has been associated with negative outcomes for the mother and for child as well including miscarriage, intrauterine growth retardation, preterm delivery and cognitive impairment in the offspring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7067361PMC
February 2020

Determinants and aetiologies of postpartum pyrexia; a retrospective analysis in a tertiary health facility in the Littoral Region of Cameroon.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Mar 17;20(1):167. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.

Background: Postpartum febrile morbidity is relatively common, occurring in approximately 5-7% of births. Differentiating between potentially serious and benign causes of postpartum pyrexia (PP) is fundamental in curbing the mortality rate from sinister causes such as sepsis. The paucity of data on PP in Cameroon makes it difficult to access its actual burden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-02867-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7079534PMC
March 2020
2.190 Impact Factor

Alcohol and Psychoactive Drugs in Pregnancy.

Maedica (Buchar) 2019 Dec;14(4):397-401

Filantropia Hospital, Department of obstetrics and Gynecology, Bucharest, Romania.

Although often difficult to diagnose, the use of psychoactive drugs during pregnancy has become a commonly encountered occurrence. The present article aims to clarify the effects of alcohol, tobacco, narcotics, antidepressants, stimulants, halucinogenes and canabioids consumption on pregnancy and the newborn. There are differences within the types of drugs consumption: use/abuse/addiction of psychoactive medication during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26574/maedica.2019.14.4.397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7035437PMC
December 2019

[ETIOLOGICAL PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN SYMPTOMATIC PREGNANT WOMEN IN A HIGH COMPLEXITY HOSPITAL IN MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA, 2013-2015].

Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol 2019 12;70(4):243-252

Clínica Universitaria Bolivariana, Medellín (Colombia).

Objective: To determine the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), the microbiological profile and antibiotic resistance in pregnant women with suspected urinary tract infection.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of pregnant women with suspected community- acquired urinary tract infection referred to the outpatient clinic by prenatal care practitioners or seen in the emergency room, and hospitalized be- tween August 2013 and September 2015 in a referral teaching hospital located in Medellin, Colombia. Pregnant women who had received antibiotics on the day before admission were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.3332DOI Listing
December 2019

Applying concepts of life course theory and life course epidemiology to the study of bladder health and lower urinary tract symptoms among girls and women.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 Apr 2;39(4):1185-1202. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Surgery, Division of Public Health Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Aims: Although lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may occur at different periods during the life course of women, a little research on LUTS has adopted a life course perspective. The purpose of this conceptual paper is to demonstrate how life course theory and life course epidemiology can be applied to study bladder health and LUTS trajectories. We highlight conceptual work from the Prevention of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Research Consortium to enhance the understanding of life course concepts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.24325DOI Listing

Risk factors for gastroschisis: A case-control study in a Brazilian population.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2020 Jun 31;149(3):347-353. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate risk factors associated with fetal gastroschisis.

Methods: As a secondary aim of a larger case-control study, pregnant women attending the Fetal Medicine Unit at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Hospital das Clinicas, Sao Paulo University Medical School between July 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, were allocated into either the gastroschisis group, where the woman was carrying a fetus with gastroschisis, or the control group, where the fetus was normal. Patients in the control group were matched at study entry for maternal age, preconception body mass index and weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13135DOI Listing

'There is no choice apart from antibiotics…': Qualitative analysis of views on urinary infections in pregnancy and antimicrobial resistance.

Health Expect 2020 Feb 29. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a health risk as it can lead to life-threatening infections. There has been a rise in resistant urinary tract infections (UTIs) which is the most common infection in pregnancy. This can be challenging in pregnancy due to the additional need to safeguard foetal development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hex.13044DOI Listing
February 2020

Virulence and Resistance Determinants of Uropathogenic Strains Isolated from Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women from Two States in Mexico.

Infect Drug Resist 2020 30;13:295-310. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Departamento de Ciencias Químico Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Sonora Unidad Regional Norte, Caborca, Sonora, Mexico.

Background/purpose: Uropathogenic (UPEC) is the main cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) and it is known that pregnant women have a higher risk for UTI. UPEC has a variety of virulence and antibiotic resistance factors that facilitate its pathogenic success and it is crucial to know which are the susceptibility patterns, Extended-Spectrum-β-Lactamase (ESBL) production, virulence genes, pathogenicity islands (PAI), phylogenetic groups and serotypes among strains isolated from pregnant and non-pregnant women.

Methods: One hundred fifty UPEC strains were isolated from pregnant and non-pregnant women from two different Mexican states (Sonora and Puebla). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S226215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6997036PMC
January 2020

Prenatal pesticide exposure and respiratory health outcomes in the first year of life: Results from the infants' Environmental Health (ISA) study.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2020 04 15;225:113474. Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances (IRET), Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica.

Background: Growing evidence suggests that pesticide exposure may influence respiratory health, but data in young children are very limited. We examined the association of prenatal pesticide exposure with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and wheeze at one year of age in children from the Infants' Environmental Health (ISA) study in Costa Rica.

Methods: We measured seven pesticide metabolites, including ethylenethiourea (ETU, metabolite of mancozeb), in maternal urine samples collected repeatedly during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7058516PMC

Localization of acute pyelonephritis in pyrexia of unknown origin using FDG PET/CT.

Asia Ocean J Nucl Med Biol 2020 ;8(1):79-83

SPECT Lab, Nuclear Medicine Services, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Objectives: Acute pyelonephritis presents with high-grade fever, dysuria, flank pain, leukocytosis, and microscopic hematuria. Urine culture aids in the diagnosis of this infection. It can be complicated or uncomplicated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/aojnmb.2019.14242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6994777PMC
January 2020

Determinants of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in HIV-positive and Negative Pregnant Women in Sagamu, South-West Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;37(1):1-6

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Background: Pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria are at increased risk of developing symptomatic urinary tract infections. HIV infection may modify the acquisition of bacteriuria in pregnancy.

Objective: To identify the determinants of asymptomatic bacteriuria in HIV-positive and HIV-negative pregnant women in Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria. Read More

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Association Of Risk Factors With Spontaneous Preterm Labour With Intact Foetal Membranes.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2019 Oct-Dec;31(4):536-540

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: Spontaneous preterm labour refers to the onset of uterine contractions of sufficient strength and frequency to effect progressive dilatation between 24 and 37 weeks of gestation. The objective of the study was to determine an association between risk factors and spontaneous preterm labour with intact foetal membranes.

Methods: A case control study was designed which was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad. Read More

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Risk factors for third-generation cephalosporin resistant Enterobacteriaceae in gestational urine cultures: A retrospective cohort study based on centralized electronic health records.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(1):e0226515. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

The School of Medicine, The Hebrew University and Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Third-generation-cephalosporin resistant Enterobacteriaceae (3GCR-EB) carriage in pregnant women poses challenges for infection control and therapeutic decisions. The factors associated with multidrug resistant Enterobacteriaceae carriage in the gestational period are not well documented. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors associated with 3GCR-EB isolation in gestational urine cultures. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226515PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6941821PMC

Urinary tract infections in pregnancy in a rural population of Bangladesh: population-based prevalence, risk factors, etiology, and antibiotic resistance.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Dec 31;20(1). Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, is associated with maternal morbidity and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth and low birthweight. In low-middle income countries (LMICs), the capacity for screening and treatment of UTIs is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the population-based prevalence, risk factors, etiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of UTIs in pregnancy in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2665-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6938613PMC
December 2019

Evaluation of Urine Reagent Strip as a Tool for Routine Diagnosis of Maternal Urogenital Schistosomiasis at Antenatal Clinic Visit in Munyenge, South West Region, Cameroon.

Biomed Res Int 2019 6;2019:2972630. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon.

Urine reagent strip used in detecting microhaematuria has been recommended in pregnancy for diagnosis of urogenital schistosomiasis (UGS) during routine antenatal care (ANC). This study evaluated its sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values in the diagnosis of maternal UGS using filtration method as a reference test. We also assessed the variation in its performance in the diagnosis of UGS using multiple-sample collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2972630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925756PMC

[Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy].

Wiad Lek 2019 ;72(11 cz 2):2232-2234

Klinika Nefrologii, Dializoterapii i Chorób Wewnętrznych, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska.

Bacteriuria is a presence of bacteria in urine. It may remain asymptomatic or elicit acute, symptomatic urinary tract infection. In pregnancy, due to physiological changes in the woman organism it increases risk of serious infectious and obstetric complications and therefore requires a different approach than in general population. Read More

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January 2020

Maternal-related factors in the origin of isolated cleft palate-A population-based case-control study.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2020 May 20;23(2):174-180. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Semmelweis University Faculty of Dentistry, Budapest, Hungary.

Objects: Isolated cleft palate (CPO) is the rarest form of oral clefting affecting 1-25 per 10 000 newborns worldwide. There is increasing evidence for the different pathogenetic backgrounds of CPO and cleft lip with or without cleft palate. The role of environmental factors in the origin of non-syndromic and syndromic CPO is unclear in most patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12361DOI Listing

[Ultrasound screening and follow-up study of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract in neonates].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Dec;51(6):1062-1066

Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital Affiliated to Tsinghua University, Beijing 102218, China.

Objective: To investigate the incidence of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) in neonates, and to evaluate the value of urinary ultrasound screening in the early postnatal period.

Methods: The neonates born or treated in Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital affiliated to Tsinghua University between January 2016 and December 2018 accepted the urinary ultrasound screening, and the neonates with problem were followed up. In the meanwhile, the maternal pregnancy data were analyzed to screen out the risk factors associated with the onset of CAKUT. Read More

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December 2019

Intrauterine contraceptive device embedded in bladder wall with calculus formation removed successfully with open surgery.

Malays Fam Physician 2019 31;14(2):29-31. Epub 2019 Aug 31.

(FRCS), Department of General Surgery Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Johor Bahru, Malaysia. Email:

An Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) is commonly inserted by the primary health care physician. It can migrate into pelvic or abdominal organs. When a pregnancy occurs following an insertion of an IUCD, there should be a high suspicion of uterine perforation or possible migration. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6818694PMC

Duplicated or Ectopic Renal Collecting System in Two Adult Emergency Department Patients.

J Emerg Med 2020 Feb 4;58(2):e59-e61. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Duplicated renal collecting system is a urological anomaly often found in pediatric patients. It is less commonly diagnosed in adulthood, particularly in a pregnant patient. Many point-of-care ultrasonography users may not be aware of this diagnosis, particularly in patients in the emergency department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.10.014DOI Listing
February 2020

Schistosomiasis among obstetric fistula patients in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Malawi Med J 2018 Dec;30(4):225-229

Freedom from Fistula Care Centre.

Background: infection has been documented as an uncommon cause of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) and can result in impaired wound healing of urogenital tissues. For these reasons, it could potentially be linked to an increased rate of obstetric fistula among women who experience obstructed labor and/or in a higher failure rate of fistula repair. Therefore, the primary objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of infection among women undergoing obstetric VVF repair in Lilongwe, Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v30i4.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6863410PMC
December 2018

Impact of enterococcal urinary tract infections in immunocompromised - neoplastic patients.

J BUON 2019 Sep-Oct;24(5):1768-1775

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Infections in immunocompromised-neoplastic patients represent a severe complication. Among bacteria, Enterococcus species constitute a common causative pathogen of urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially among hospitalized patients with or without urinary tract carcinoma, related commonly to urinary tract abnormalities, urinary catheters or prolonged antibiotic treatment. Although enterococci have been considered more commonly as colonization bacteria in the intestine than virulent agents, they are frequently implicated in UTIs. Read More

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April 2020
4 Reads
0.706 Impact Factor

Probiotics and prebiotics potential for the care of skin, female urogenital tract, and respiratory tract.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2020 Apr 26;65(2):245-264. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Center of Food Biotechnology and Bioseparations, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus, BIOREN and Department of Chemical Engineering, Universidad de La Frontera, Ave. Francisco Salazar 01145, Box 54-D,, Temuco, Chile.

The prebiotics and probiotics market is constantly growing due to the positive effects of its consumption on human health, which extends beyond the digestive system. In addition, the synbiotic products market is also expanding due to the synergistic effects between pre- and probiotics that provide additional benefits to consumers. Pre- and probiotics are being evaluated for their effectiveness to treat and prevent infectious diseases in other parts of the human body where microbial communities exist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00759-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7090755PMC

Uropathogens and Gestational Outcomes of Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancies that Necessitate Hospitalization.

Curr Urol 2019 Oct 1;13(2):70-73. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey.

Background And Objectives: Our aim is to identify uropathogens that cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) that necessitate hospitalization, and analyze outcomes of gestational UTIs.

Methods: This study consisted of 30 pregnant women who necessitate hospitalization because of UTI (7.8% of gestational UTIs during the same period of time). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873071PMC
October 2019

Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 11 25;2019(11). Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Instituto Nacional de Endocrinologia (INEN), Departamento de Salud Reproductiva, Zapata y D, Vedado, Habana, Cuba, 10 400.

Background: Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a bacterial infection of the urine without any of the typical symptoms that are associated with a urinary infection, and occurs in 2% to 15% of pregnancies. If left untreated, up to 30% of mothers will develop acute pyelonephritis. Asymptomatic bacteriuria has been associated with low birthweight and preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000490.pub4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6953361PMC
November 2019

Association of serum vitamin D levels and urinary tract infection in pregnant women: A case control study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Dec 21;243:51-56. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Infertility, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common during pregnancy and can cause serious complications for the mother and fetus. Vitamin D, is known to have an effect on the urothelium, with immunomodulatory capacity against bacterial infection. This study explored the association between serum vitamin D levels and urinary tract infections in pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.10.015DOI Listing
December 2019
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Contraceptive efficacy of sperm agglutinating factor from Staphylococcus warneri, isolated from the cervix of a woman with inexplicable infertility.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2019 Oct 27;17(1):85. Epub 2019 Oct 27.

Department of Microbiology, South Campus, Basic Medical Science (Block I), Panjab University, Sector 25, Chandigarh, 160014, India.

Background: Voluntary control of fertility is of paramount importance to the modern society. But since the contraceptive methods available for women have their limitations such as urinary tract infections, allergies, cervical erosion and discomfort, a desperate need exists to develop safe methods. Vaginal contraceptives may be the answer to this problem, as these are the oldest ways of fertility regulation, practiced over the centuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12958-019-0531-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815424PMC
October 2019

Management of urinary tract infection in women: A practical approach for everyday practice.

Urol Ann 2019 Oct-Dec;11(4):339-346

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut - Medical Center, Riad El-Solh 1107 2020, Beirut, Lebanon.

A common health-care problem worldwide, urinary tract infection (UTI), represents a disease of significant impact on every country's economy, being the most common cause of hospitalization among elderly people and the most common cause of antibiotic prescription in primary care. Diagnosing and managing upper and lower UTI have always been a challenge to physicians, given its high prevalence, risk of recurrence and improper treatment, and the fact of worldwide increase in antibiotic resistance, necessitating implementation of a proper antibiotic stewardship. Urinary infections are twice more likely to occur in females compared to males and its prevalence increases with increasing age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/UA.UA_104_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6798292PMC
October 2019
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Active surveillance of antibiotic resistance patterns in urinary tract infections in primary care in Switzerland.

Infection 2019 Dec 8;47(6):1027-1035. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Institute of Primary Care, University and University Hospital of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 24, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common reasons for prescribing antibiotics in primary care. In Switzerland, the Swiss Center for Antibiotic Resistances (ANRESIS) provides resistance data by passive surveillance, which overestimates the true resistance rates. The aim of this study was to provide actual data of the antimicrobial resistance patterns in patients with UTI in Swiss primary care. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s15010-019-01361-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-019-01361-yDOI Listing
December 2019
5 Reads

Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

JAMA 2019 09;322(12):1188-1194

Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Among the general adult population, women (across all ages) have the highest prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria, although rates increase with age among both men and women. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is present in an estimated 1% to 6% of premenopausal women and an estimated 2% to 10% of pregnant women and is associated with pyelonephritis, one of the most common nonobstetric reasons for hospitalization in pregnant women. Among pregnant persons, pyelonephritis is associated with perinatal complications including septicemia, respiratory distress, low birth weight, and spontaneous preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.13069DOI Listing
September 2019
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Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.

JAMA 2019 09;322(12):1195-1205

Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Research Affiliates Evidence-based Practice Center, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon.

Importance: Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria can identify patients for whom treatment might be beneficial for preventing symptomatic infection and other health outcomes.

Objective: To systematically review benefits and harms of asymptomatic bacteriuria screening and treatment in adults, including during pregnancy, to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed (publisher-supplied records), and Cochrane Collaboration Central Registry of Controlled Trials; surveillance through May 24, 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.10060DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria.

Authors:
Jill Jin

JAMA 2019 09;322(12):1222

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.14876DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Updated Guidelines for Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria.

JAMA 2019 09;322(12):1152-1154

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.11640DOI Listing
September 2019
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Maternal and neonatal outcome of asymptomatic bacteriuria at term pregnancy.

Pathog Dis 2019 07;77(5)

The Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar Ilan University, Henrietta Szold 8, Safed 1311502, Israel.

Objectives: Guidelines recommend antibiotic treatment for every episode of asymptomatic bacteriuria throughout pregnancy in order to reduce maternal and fetal complications. We evaluated intra- and post-partum, as well as puerperal maternal and neonatal outcomes of an untreated group of pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria at term.

Methods: This was a single center prospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femspd/ftz046DOI Listing
July 2019
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Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae and urinary tract infections in pregnant/postpartum women: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Clin Pract 2019 Sep 18:e13422. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Infectious Diseases Department, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTI) and asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) during pregnancy can result in considerable maternal and foetal adverse outcomes. Production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) is a major antibiotic resistance mechanism by Enterobacteriaceae.

Objectives: To determine the global prevalence of ESBL-producing (ESBL-P) Enterobacteriaceae in symptomatic UTI/AB among pregnant/postpartum females. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ijcp.13422
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13422DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads