34,787 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Males

tricuspid valve infective endocarditis.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2022 7;35(4):522-523. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Cardiology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York.

is an alpha-hemolytic, gram-positive coccus that is responsible for 54/1,000,000 cases of all urinary tract infections. Risk factors include male gender, advanced age, and genitourinary tract abnormalities. It has often been misidentified as or due to its morphological similarities. Read More

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Community acquired versus hospital acquired acute kidney injury; causes and outcome.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1128-1132

Final Year MBBS Student, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To evaluate causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired acute kidney injury and the factors associated with increased inpatient mortality.

Methods: The observational prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from September 2018 to March 2019, and comprised patients having acute kidney injury either at the time of admission in group A or developed it after 48 hours of hospital stay in group B. The patients were followed up for 12 weeks and outcomes were categorised as recovered, developed chronic kidney disease, died or remained dialysis-dependent. Read More

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Gene Polymorphism Is Associated with Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 31;58(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Internal Medicine & Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Heraklion, 71110 Heraklion, Greece.

: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) appears to have a higher prevalence in diabetics and has been associated with various genetic polymorphisms of the innate immune system. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the gene that encodes for the trigger molecule of the classical complement pathway increase the risk of bacterial infections as well as other diseases. In the present study, we sought to investigate the association of rs292001 (G > A) SNP with ASB in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Read More

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Urinary Tract Infections Impair Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis.

Biology (Basel) 2022 Jun 9;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut P.O. Box 11-0236, Lebanon.

Previous studies have suggested a link between urinary tract infections (UTIs) and cognitive impairment. One possible contributing factor for UTI-induced cognitive changes that has not yet been investigated is a potential alteration in hippocampal neurogenesis. In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of UTI on brain plasticity by specifically examining alterations in neurogenesis. Read More

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Revisiting the Frequency and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Bacteria Implicated in Community Urinary Tract Infections.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 Jun 3;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infectious diseases at the community level. The continue misuse of antimicrobials is leading to an increase in bacterial resistance, which is a worldwide problem. The objective of this work was to study the incidence and pattern of antimicrobial resistance of the main bacteria responsible for UTI in the community of central and northern Portugal, and establish an appropriate empirical treatment. Read More

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Community-Onset Bloodstream Infections: Characterization, Diagnostic Predictors, and Predictive Score Development-Results from the PRO-BAC Cohort.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 May 24;11(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital San Juan de la Cruz, 23400 Úbeda, Spain.

Community-onset bloodstream infections (CO-BSI) caused by gram-negative bacilli are common and associated with significant mortality; those caused by are associated with worse prognosis and higher rates of inadequateempirical antibiotic treatment. The aims of this study were to describe the characteristics of patients with CO-BSI caused by , to identify predictors, and to develop a predictive score for CO-BSI.

Materials/methods: PROBAC is a prospective cohort including patients >14 years with BSI from 26 Spanish hospitals between October 2016 and May 2017. Read More

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Long-term urological complications after conservative local treatment (surgery and brachytherapy) in children with bladder-prostate rhabdomyosarcoma: A single-team experience.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2022 Aug 6;69(8):e29532. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bicêtre Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris-Saclay University, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Background: Outcome of children with bladder-prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) has improved with multimodal therapies, including surgery and/or radiotherapy for local treatment. Our aim was to report long-term urological complications after a conservative approach combining conservative surgery and brachytherapy.

Patients And Methods: Eighty-six patients, free of disease, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Patterns, Predictors, and Inter-Center Variability in Empiric Gram-Negative Antibiotic Use Across 928 U.S. Hospitals.

Clin Infect Dis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

The University of Maryland School of Medicine Department of Epidemiology and Public Health Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Empiric antibiotic use among hospitalized U.S. adults is largely undescribed. Read More

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[Pediatric renal abscesses: a diagnostic challenge].

Andes Pediatr 2022 Apr;93(2):222-228

Hospital Roberto del Río, Santiago, Chile.

Kidney abscess is an unusual entity in childhood with few studies about its clinical characteris tics.

Objective: To report the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapy used in a cohort of 20 children with kidney abscess.

Patients And Method: retrospective study of cases of kidney abscess during a 10-year period at the Hospital Roberto del Río. Read More

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Pelviureteric Junction Obstruction Due to Vascular Anomalies in Children - Simple Surgical Options.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2022 May-Jun;27(3):297-303. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aims: Pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) due to aberrant lower polar artery is conventionally managed with pyeloplasty. We present our experience of managing PUJO due to "vascular" anomalies-aberrant lower polar artery and vascular adhesions with simpler surgical options.

Subjects And Methods: This is a protocol based, retrospective study of PUJO. Read More

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Missed Opportunities for Diagnosing Vertebral Osteomyelitis Caused by Influential Cognitive Biases.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Jun 22;23:e936058. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Yamato Tokushukai Hospital, Yamato, Kanagawa, Japan.

BACKGROUND Vertebral osteomyelitis is a rare form of bone infection that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment; however, this is challenging because of the lack of specific symptoms and low sensitivity of diagnostic tests, especially in the early stages. Our case demonstrates the challenges in diagnosing vertebral osteomyelitis and provides relevant information for other physicians dealing with possible cases of vertebral osteomyelitis. CASE REPORT An 83-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with severe low back pain of 2 weeks' duration. Read More

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Identification of mycobacterial MPT-64 and ESAT-6 proteins in urogenital tuberculosis patients by real-time immuno-PCR.

Future Microbiol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Centre for Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, 124001, India.

Diagnosis of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is difficult and there is an immediate need to develop a reliable diagnostic test. A real-time immuno-PCR (RT-I-PCR) was developed to identify a cocktail of MPT-64 + ESAT-6 in both male/female UGTB patients comprising five confirmed cases, 40 clinically suspected cases and 37 non-TB controls, from whom mid-stream urine specimens were collected, while endometrial biopsies of female patients were obtained on day 1 of their menstrual cycle. Results obtained by RT-I-PCR were compared with I-PCR/ELISA and GeneXpert. Read More

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A Comparative Study of efficacy and safety of different Sodium Glucose Co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) Inhibitors in the Management of Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus.

J Assoc Physicians India 2022 Jun;70(6):11-12

MGM Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Background: There are a handful of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors available in the global and Indian markets to manage type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, head-to-head comparison between different SGLT2 inhibitors is scarce. Therefore, the present study was aimed to analyze the effect of different SGLT2 inhibitors on glycemic control and body weight in Indian patients with T2DM. Read More

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Economic burden of antibiotic-not-susceptible isolates in uncomplicated urinary tract infection: Analysis of a US integrated delivery network database.

Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2022 Jun 14;11(1):84. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

MedStar Health, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in the United States (US). Contemporary data are important for understanding the health economic impact of antimicrobial-resistant uUTIs. We compared the economic burden among patients with uUTI isolates susceptible or not-susceptible to the initial antibiotic prescription. Read More

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Molecular epidemiology and outcome of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales in Saudi Arabia.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Jun 13;22(1):542. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The burden of carbapenem resistance is not well studied in the Middle East. We aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology and outcome of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) infections from several Saudi Arabian Centers.

Methods: This is a multicenter prospective cohort study conducted over a 28-month period. Read More

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Comparison of Relative Value Units and 30-Day Outcomes Between Primary and Revision Pediatric Spinal Deformity Surgery.

Clin Spine Surg 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Northwell Health Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Queens, NY.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the relative value units (RVUs) and 30-day outcomes between primary and revision pediatric spinal deformity (PSD) surgery.

Summary Of Background Data: PSD surgery is frequently complicated by the need for reoperation. Read More

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Upper pole pathologies in duplex kidneys: an analysis of predictive factors for surgery and urinary tract infections from the Mid-Atlantic Pediatric Academic Consortium.

J Pediatr Urol 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Urology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Background/objective: While there is significant data on the natural history and outcomes for prenatal hydronephrosis in simplex kidneys, duplex kidneys tend to be less studied. Management can be quite variable based on provider preference. We aimed to describe practice patterns from several tertiary academic institutions, identify clinical predictors for surgical intervention and urinary tract infection (UTI) for upper pole pathology, and demonstrate the natural history of lower pole vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Read More

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Epidemiological Trends of Urolithiasis at the Global, Regional, and National Levels: A Population-Based Study.

Int J Clin Pract 2022 30;2022:6807203. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

Background: Urolithiasis is common worldwide and can predispose to urinary tract infections and renal failure. We aimed to explore the global, regional, and national burden of urolithiasis between 1990 and 2019, stratified by sex, age, and sociodemographic index (SDI).

Methods: From 1990 to 2019, data on the number of incident cases of urolithiasis, associated deaths, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were extracted from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Read More

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Risk Factors and Outcomes of Acute Graft Pyelonephritis with Bacteremia Due to Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli among Kidney Transplant Recipients.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 2;11(11). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Infectious Disease Department, Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, University of Barcelona, 08907 Barcelona, Spain.

Acute graft pyelonephritis (AGP) is the leading cause of bloodstream infection in kidney transplant (KT) recipients. The prevalence of urinary tract infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacilli is increasing. This 14-year prospective observational study sought to determine the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of AGP with bacteremia due to MDR Gram-negative bacilli. Read More

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Occurrence of urinary tract infection and preventive strategies practiced by female students at a tertiary care teaching institution.

J Educ Health Promot 2022 28;11:122. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are more common in females than males and predominantly based on their unhealthy practices in their day to day lives. This study is trying to assess the occurrence of UTI and strategies used by female student to prevent UTI.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in a tertiary care teaching institute. Read More

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Retrospective Analysis of Urinary Tract Infection in the Pediatric Population at a Tertiary Care Centre.

Cureus 2022 May 7;14(5):e24796. Epub 2022 May 7.

Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Deoghar, Deoghar, IND.

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is among the most common infections occurring during childhood. It is caused by both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and  is the most common causative agent.

Methods: Data of all pediatric patients in the age group of 6 months to 18 years with urinary tract infection were taken for analysis. Read More

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Groin pain in the postradiotherapy pelvis: have you considered osteomyelitis?

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 8;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Urology, Lister Hospital, East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Stevenage, UK.

A man in his 80s presented to the emergency department with a 5-week history of lower abdominal and groin pain which had substantially affected his mobility. He practised intermittent self-catheterisation following radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Multiple suggestive features led to initial treatment for a urinary tract infection (UTI). Read More

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Chronic hepatitis B virus infection increases the risk of upper urinary calculi.

BMC Urol 2022 Jun 6;22(1):82. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, No. 218 Jixi Road, Hefei, 230032, China.

Background: Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a recognized risk factor for renal diseases, little is known about HBV infection in individuals with upper urinary calculi (UUC). We investigated the relationship between chronic HBV infection and UUC.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed data from 1399 patients who were discharged from the Department of Urology (2017-2018). Read More

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Giant bladder stone resulting in renal failure and concurrent bladder cancer: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 6;94:107170. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Urology, Cibabat Regional General Hospital, Cimahi, West Java, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: Giant bladder stone is a rare entity in the modern urological practice. There have been limited reports on giant bladder stone with concomitant renal failure and bladder cancer available in the literature.

Case Presentation: A 43-year-old male patient presented to the ER with chronic gross hematuria, dysuria, intermittent urination, and bilateral flank pain. Read More

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Causing Urinary Tract Infections: Are We Reaching a Dead End?

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 ;26(4):446-451

Department of Critical Care, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Background: The genus , earlier considered a rare pathogen, is now increasingly recognized as a notorious opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious nosocomial infections, mainly urinary tract infections (UTIs). Treating these infections is an onerous task given the resistance seen in clinical strains to many currently available antimicrobials. The objective of the present study is to provide an overall view into the prevalence of spp. Read More

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January 2022

Role of Infection and Leukocytes in Male Infertility.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2022 ;1358:115-140

American Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Male infertility is considered as a multifactorial complex reproductive illness, and male urogenital infection and inflammation are crucial etiologies contributing up to 35% of all cases. Mostly triggered by sexually transmitted diseases and uropathogens, chronic manifestation of such infection may cause irreversible infertility in the male. Male urogenital infection involves bacterial, viral, protozoal, and fungal infections many of which remain asymptomatic most of the time and are passed to the sexual partner leading to fertilization failure, pregnancy loss, and even development of illness in the offspring. Read More

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Exploration of Primary Care Clinician Attitudes and Cognitive Characteristics Associated With Prescribing Antibiotics for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2214268. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore.

Importance: Antibiotic treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria is not recommended in guidelines but is a major driver of inappropriate antibiotic use.

Objective: To evaluate whether clinician culture and personality traits are associated with a predisposition toward inappropriate prescribing.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This survey study involved secondary analysis of a previously completed survey. Read More

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Anti-T-Lymphocyte Immunoglobulin (Grafalon) as an Induction Agent for Renal Transplantation: A Real-World, Retrospective, Single-Center Experience.

Exp Clin Transplant 2022 05;20(5):480-486

From the Department of Nephrology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: Polyclonal antithymocyte globulins are widely used in the induction regimens of solid-organ transplant recipients; however, their doses and outcomes remain to be standardized in Indian patients. We report our clinical experience from the real-world use of Grafalon (an anti-T-lymphocyte globulin; ATG-Fresenius) as an induction agentin renal transplant recipients from India.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective, single- center, observational study, we analyzed the medical records of 177 consecutive, kidney-only transplant recipients who received induction therapy with Grafalon from September 2016 to March 2018 at our center. Read More

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Predictors of febrile urinary tract infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria.

Turk J Pediatr 2022 ;64(2):265-273

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Health Sciences, İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital İzmir.

Background: We aimed to evaluate the predictability of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria (PB) with inflammation markers and hemogram parameters as neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR), platelets-lymphocyte-ratio (PLR) and mean-platelet-volume (MPV) in infants with febrile urinary tract infection until the urine cultures are resulted.

Methods: Infants between 2-24 months hospitalized for the first febrile urinary tract infections were grouped as those infected with ESBL-PB and non-ESBL-PB. The demographic and laboratory data (inflammation markers and hemogram parameters) and the ultrasonographical findings were compared between the two groups. Read More

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