30,233 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Male


Emergency Department Visits After Kidney, Liver, and Heart Transplantation in a Hospital of a University in Turkey: A Retrospective Study.

Exp Clin Transplant 2019 Jan;17(Suppl 1):264-269

From the Department of Public Health, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In our country, there are few publications evaluating emergency department visits among kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients. Here, we examined emergency department visits of transplant recipients after initial hospital discharge following organ transplant performed in a medical faculty hospital in Ankara, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed hospital records of 1144 transplant recipients (700 kidney, 332 liver, and 112 heart) who underwent living-donor and deceased-donor organ transplant procedures in a university hospital between 2007 and 2017 and were admitted to the emergency department during the same period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.MESOT2018.P120DOI Listing
January 2019

Bullous Pemphigoid with Atypical Skin Lesions and Acute Interstitial Nephritis: A Case Report and Focused Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 18;20:212-218. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

BACKGROUND The hallmark of bullous pemphigoid (BP) is widespread tense blisters arising on normal or erythematous skin, often with marked pruritus, the diagnosis of which is confirmed by direct immunofluorescence (DIF). BP is an autoimmune process that can be induced, though rarely, by medications. Drug-induced BP often has atypical clinical presentation, which requires a good understanding of other dermatological conditions with similar presentations, in particular, bullous subtype of erythema multiforme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911422DOI Listing
February 2019

Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019

Procalcitonin, mid-regional proadrenomedullin and C-reactive protein in predicting treatment outcome in community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 14;19(1):161. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, PO, Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background: A reduction in duration of antibiotic therapy is crucial in minimizing the development of antimicrobial resistance, drug-related side effects and health care costs. The minimal effective duration of antimicrobial therapy for febrile urinary tract infections (fUTI) remains a topic of uncertainty, especially in male patients, those of older age or with comorbidities. Biomarkers have the potential to objectively identify the optimal moment for cessation of therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3789-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Following Ureterovesical Reimplantation for Congenital Obstructive Megaureter. Pediatric Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Front Pediatr 2019 24;7. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Pediatrics and Adolescentology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy.

Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, life-threatening necrotizing infection of the kidney. To date, very few cases of EPN have been described in the pediatric age. The first case of EPN in a toddler occurring after ureterovesical reimplantation for congenital obstructive megaureter is reported with a literature review. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fped.2019.00002/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354553PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

The Impact of Gender on Postoperative Complications after Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Knee Surg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York.

Knee osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis, often treated by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Complications can arise after TKAs, which may necessitate revision TKAs and further treatments. However, there remains a paucity of literature regarding influence of gender on postoperative complication rates after revision TKA. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1677820
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677820DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Human β-defensin 1 in follicular fluid and semen: impact on fertility.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Purpose: β-defensins are antimicrobial peptides expressed at mucosal level of male and female genito-urinary tract, where they exert protective functions against infections, possibly preserving human health and fertility. In our study, we investigated the possible involvement of β-defensins in female and male infertility in Italian infertile couples (i) evaluating the presence of human β-defensin 1 (hBD-1) in follicular fluid (FF) and its correlation with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes; (ii) investigating the relationship between hBD-1 levels in semen and IVF outcomes (comprising correlation with sperm parameters); and (iii) exploring the effect of hBD-1 peptide on spermatozoa motility in vitro.

Methods: A perspective observational analytic pilot study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10815-019-01409-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Intravesical gossypiboma: our experience and the need for stringent checklist and training!

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 1;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

General Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

We present our experience of two cases: one of a 28-year-old male patient who presented with recurrent episodes of urinary tract infection (UTI) with passage of pus flakes in urine and a history of open cystolithotomy about 10 months ago. The second patient was a 26-year-old woman who underwent bladder exploration for a retained Double-J stent about 10 months ago and presented with recurrent UTI. The first case was treated with open surgery and in the second case, the gauze piece was retrieved endoscopically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227278DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk of Cancer after Lower Urinary Tract Infection: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Jan 30;16(3). Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

To investigate the association among lower urinary tract infection (UTI), the type and timing of antibiotic usage, and the subsequent risk of developing cancers, especially genitourinary cancers (GUC), in Taiwan. This retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted using 2009⁻2013 data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. This study enrolled patients who were diagnosed with a UTI between 2010 and 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030390DOI Listing
January 2019

Safety and efficacy of tofogliflozin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in real-world clinical practice - Results of 3-month interim analysis of a long-term post-marketing surveillance study (J-STEP/LT).

J Diabetes Investig 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Japan.

Aims/introduction: This study analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tofogliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitor in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in real-world clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: This was a 3-year non-interventional observational study in patients with T2DM newly administered tofogliflozin uncontrolled on current therapy. We conducted a 12-week interim analysis of tofogliflozin as a part of 3-year post-marketing surveillance study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13017DOI Listing
January 2019

Rare case with plethora of upper urinary tract anomalies associated with pelviureteric junction obstruction: a surgical challenge managed with robot assistance.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 28;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Urology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India.

The genitourinary system for reasons unknown is more likely to have birth defects than any other system. The anomaly of collecting system draining the kidney represent mystifying subset of congenital anomalies. Pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) is most common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228684DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictors of mortality of acute liver failure in Thailand: a population-base study.

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Jan 28;19(1):18. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute for Liver and Digestive Health, Royal Free Hospital, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Acute liver failure (ALF) is uncommon but progresses rapidly with high mortality. We investigated the incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictive factors for 30-day mortality in patients with ALF.

Methods: We conducted a population-based study of ALF patients hospitalized between 2009 and 2013 from the Thai Nationwide Hospital Admission database, which comprises 76% of all admissions from 858 hospitals across 77 provinces in Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-0935-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348628PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
2.365 Impact Factor

Management of Symptom Flares and Patient-reported Flare Triggers in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS)-Findings From One Site of the MAPP Research Network.

Urology 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Objective: To document patient-reported interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) flare management strategies and triggers.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four male and 29 female participants enrolled at the Washington University site of the MAPP Research Network completed a questionnaire on strategies they utilized to manage flares and factors they believed triggered their flares (eg, specific food items, physical activities, sexual activities, infections, and stress). Participants were also asked about the diurnal timing of their flares. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Videolaparoscopic lower pole heminephrectomy for treatment of a duplex kidney.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Pediatric Urology Department, Fundació Puigvert, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: In a duplicated renal collecting system, or duplex kidney, the most frequent pathology presenting at the lower pole is the vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), which could lead to urinary tract infections (UTI) or even renal dysplasia. Under some circumstances, such as recurrent UTIs or impaired kidney function, heminephrectomy of the pathologic moiety is indicated. However, there are only few academic videos of laparoscopic lower pole heminephrectomy in the pediatric population available in literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Acute Proximal Myopathy in a Young Male-A Case of Infectious Myositis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Jan 17;55(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

: Acute proximal muscle weakness has a broad differential. Infectious myositis is difficult to differentiate clinically from inflammatory myopathy, often causing a delayed diagnosis. Infectious myositis should be thought of as a differential for proximal muscle pain and weakness in the right context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55010019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359648PMC
January 2019

Association of Mechanical Bowel Preparation and Oral Antibiotics Before Elective Colorectal Surgery With Surgical Site Infection: A Network Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Oct 5;1(6):e183226. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Discipline of Surgery, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Importance: There has been a resurgence of interest in the use of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) and oral antibiotics (OAB) before elective colorectal surgery. Until now, clinical trials and meta-analyses have not compared all 4 approaches (MBP with OAB, OAB only, MBP only, or no preparation) simultaneously.

Objective: To perform a network meta-analysis to clarify which approach in colorectal surgery is associated with the lowest rate of surgical site infection (SSI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3226DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324461PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Impact of Single Dose Praziquantel Treatment on Schistosoma haematobium Infection among School Children in an Endemic Nigerian Community.

Korean J Parasitol 2018 Dec 31;56(6):577-581. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2222, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Schistosomiasis is prevalent in Nigeria, and the foremost pathogen is Schistosoma haematobium, which affects about 29 million people. Single dose of the drug praziquantel is often recommended for treatment but the efficacy has not been documented in certain regions. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the impact of single dose praziquantel treatment on S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2018.56.6.577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327198PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Consideration of sexually transmitted infections in the differential diagnosis: Case studies.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2019 Jan;31(1):65-71

Ottawa Public Health, Sexual Health Centre, Ottawa Ontario, Canada.

Background And Purpose: The rates of many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in recent years. Many health care professionals miss these potential diagnoses in clinical practice.

Methods: Two case studies are presented, one an adult female with dysuria; the other an adult male with a rash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JXX.0000000000000103DOI Listing
January 2019

Focus of infection and microbiological etiology in community-acquired infections in hospitalized adult patients in the Faroe Islands.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 7;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Medical Department, Infectious Diseases Division, National Hospital of the Faroe Islands, JC. Svabosgøta 41-49, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands.

Background: The aim of the present study was to gain national data on the clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired infections in the Faroe Islands and to compare these data with data from other geographical areas.

Methods: A prospective, observational study involving all patients > = 16 years admitted at the Department of Medicine at the National Hospital, Torshavn, Faroe Islands from October 2013 until April 2015.

Results: Of 5279 admissions, 1054 cases were with community-acquired infection and were included in the study. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3650-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322335PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Socioeconomic Status, Race/Ethnicity, and Health Disparities in Children and Adolescents in a Mixed Rural-Urban Community-Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Mayo Clin Proc 2019 Jan;94(1):44-53

Department of Community Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Objective: To characterize disparities in childhood health outcomes by socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity in a mixed rural-urban US community.

Methods: This was a retrospective population-based study of children 18 years and younger residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 2009. The prevalence rates of childhood health outcomes were determined using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.06.030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360526PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Disseminated canine mold infections.

Authors:
Daniel Elad

Vet J 2019 Jan 30;243:82-90. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, The Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan, Israel. Electronic address:

Disseminated canine mold infections are reviewed. Case inclusion criteria were dogs as hosts, two or more non-adjacent organs affected and identification of the etiological agent at least to the genus level. Of the 157 cases identified, 59. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10900233183076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.11.016DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Clinical Risk Factors for Death Caused by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase: Producing Bacteria.

Urol Int 2019 Jan 2:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Urology, Department of Organ Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Objectives: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria often causes bacteremia, leading serious outcomes. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis to identify the risk factors associated with death by bacteremia of ESBL-producing bacteria.

Methods: Patients with bacteremia by ESBL-producing bacteria were retrospectively collected in Kobe University Hospital, Japan, between January 2011 and December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495314DOI Listing
January 2019

Single centre observational study on antibiotic prescribing adherence to clinical practice guidelines for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection.

Infect Dis Health 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Medicine, Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport, Queensland, Australia; School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infections encountered in ambulatory care and the inpatient setting. Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern in healthcare worldwide and has been described by the World Health Organisation as one of the key global health issues facing our generation. The objective of this study was to evaluate antibiotic prescribing adherence to national therapeutic guidelines for patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018

Risk factors and prognosis of complicated urinary tract infections caused by in hospitalized patients: a retrospective multicenter cohort study.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 18;11:2571-2581. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Institut Català de la Salut (ICS-HUB), Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI RD12/0015), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain,

Purpose: Complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) are among the most frequent health-care-associated infections. In patients with cUTI, deserves special attention, since it can affect patients with serious underlying conditions. Our aim was to gain insight into the risk factors and prognosis of cUTIs in a scenario of increasing multidrug resistance (MDR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S185753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302800PMC
December 2018

Externalized Percutaneous Stent Versus Internal Double J Stent: Short- and Long-term Complications After Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 18;50(10):3416-3421. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Visceral Surgery and Medicine, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: In patients undergoing kidney transplantation, ureteral stents are an established technique to reduce major urologic complications such as leakage and stenosis of the ureter. However, the best technique for ureteral stenting remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of percutaneous ureteral stents (PS) with internal double J stents (JJS) after kidney transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.04.042DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Meta-analysis of Early Versus Late Ureteric Stent Removal After Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3411-3415. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Urology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; and Institute of Urology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Ureteral stents have been widely used in kidney transplantation to prevent postoperative ureter-related complications such as ureteral stricture, ureteral obstruction, and ureteral leakage; however, a longer indwelling ureteral stent time corresponds to a greater risk of complications such as urinary tract infections. Currently, transplantation centers have not yet reached an agreement on the time to remove ureteral stents. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the optimal removal time for ureteral stents. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183103
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.033DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Impact of Urinary Tract Infections in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A 4-Year Single-Center Experience.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3351-3355. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

UCL Centre for Nephrology, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom; Nephrology Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent bacterial infection in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), yet little is known about the impact of severe UTIs. We aimed to explore the burden of severe UTIs post renal transplant on both graft function and health care resources.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of KTRs with severe UTI warranting hospital admission at our center between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.022DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Transurethral procedures in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of effectiveness and complications.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(51):e13360

Background: With the progress of surgical techniques and instruments, various minimally invasive surgical therapies were developed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasisa (BPH). However, the efficacy and safety of different transurethral procedures for the treatment of BPH are still undefined.

Method: A systematic search was performed for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which compared the transurethral procedures for BPH from 1995 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320039PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Calcifying fibrous tumor of the terminal ileum mesentery: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(51):e13351

Landesklinikum Waidhofen an der Ybbs, Department of General Surgery.

Rationale: Calcifying fibrous tumors ("CFT") are recognized as extremely rare mesenchymal tumors with benign biological behavior and low rates of recurrence are seen after removal. The first case of a CFT was reported in 1988 as a possibly inflammatory triggered pseudotumor in deep soft tissue of children. Histologically, the tumor is typically composed of dense hyalinized collagen with paucicellular infiltration of lymphocytes and fibroblasts as well as psammomatous or dystrophic calcifications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320167PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Treatment of fungal pyelonephritis and ureterolithiasis with a subcutaneous ureteral bypass system and systemic antifungal medication in a cat.

Vet Med (Auckl) 2018 27;9:73-78. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Interventional Radiology/Endoscopy Department, ACCESS Specialty Animal Hospital, Culver City, CA, USA.

Purpose: We describe a case of ureteral obstruction and fungal pyelonephritis in a cat. The case was managed successfully with a subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device and systemic antifungal medication.

Case Summary: A 9-year-old, male, neutered, domestic shorthair cat was referred for severe azotemia, ureteral obstruction, and sonographically identified progressive pyelectasia of the left kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S179112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267714PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Cross-over data supporting long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with painful lower urinary tract symptoms, pyuria and negative urinalysis.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Centre for Nephrology, Division of Medicine, University College London, London, UK.

Purpose: To measure the effects of an unplanned, sudden cessation of treatment in an unselected group of patients with chronic painful LUTS managed with protracted antimicrobial treatment and to report these observational data collected from a cross-over process.

Materials And Methods: The imposition of a guideline resulted in the immediate cessation of antibiotic treatment in a cohort of patients with chronic painful LUTS and microscopic pyuria. Patients were assessed before treatment withdrawal, whilst off treatment, and following reinstatement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3846-5DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca meningitis in infants. Epidemiological and clinical features.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 14;26(1):12-15. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Service de pédiatrie, hôpitaux universitaires Paris Seine-Saint-Denis (HUPSSD) site Jean Verdier, université Paris XIII, AP-HP, avenue du 14 Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Groupe de pathologie infectieuse pédiatrique, 57, avenue de la Californie, 06200 Nice, France. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of meningitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) and Klebsiella oxytoca (Ko) in high-income countries is unknown, and no series have been published to date.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide multicenter observational study in France between 2006 and 2016. All children from the French national registry for paediatric bacterial meningitis under the age of 1 year and hospitalized for Kp or Ko meningitis were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.09.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Lactobacillus delbrueckii urinary tract infection in a male patient.

Med Mal Infect 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Département de médecine interne, hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medmal.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Urine collection methods used for non-toilet-trained children in pediatric emergency departments in France: A medical practice analysis.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 13;26(1):16-20. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

UMR_A 1341, UMR_S 1241, Inra, Inserm, institut NUMECAN, université de Rennes, 2 rue Henri-le-Guilloux, 35000 Rennes, France; Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, université de Rennes, CHU de Rennes, hôpital Sud16, boulevard de Bulgarie, , 35203 Rennes cedex 2, France.

Introduction: Since April 2015, the French Society of Pediatrics has encouraged suprapubic aspiration (SA) and urethral catheterization (UC) for urine collection in non-toilet-trained children suspected of having urinary tract infections (UTIs) and has tried to reduce the use of urine bag (UB).

Objective: To analyze the medical practices concerning urine collection methods used for non-toilet-trained children in pediatric emergency departments in France.

Methods: We conducted a descriptive medical practice study in October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Obesity and risk of urinary tract infection in young children presenting with fever.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13006

Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Obesity may increase the risk of infection, but the association between obesity and febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) is controversial. Although the prevalence of infant and childhood obesity has been increasing worldwide, the results of previous investigations on the association with urinary tract infection (UTI) are conflicting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between overweight and obesity and UTI in febrile children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310556PMC
December 2018

Schistosomiasis is associated with incident HIV transmission and death in Zambia.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 13;12(12):e0006902. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Rwanda Zambia HIV Research Group, Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine and Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Background: We examined relationships between schistosome infection, HIV transmission or acquisition, and all-cause death.

Methods: We retrospectively tested baseline sera from a heterosexual HIV-discordant couple cohort in Lusaka, Zambia with follow-up from 1994-2012 in a nested case-control design. Schistosome-specific antibody levels were measured by ELISA. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006902
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292564PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography with intravesical administration of ultrasound contrast agent for the diagnosis of pediatric vesicoureteral reflux.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 25;16(6):4546-4552. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, P.R. China.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is one of the most common urinary tract anomalies in children. It has been reported that VUR may be associated with reflux nephropathy. Ultrasound contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (CeVUS) has become a routine diagnostic method for VUR in a number of European countries; however, it is not widely used in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.6793DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257520PMC
December 2018
0.941 Impact Factor

Comparison of rRNA-based and DNA-based nucleic acid amplifications for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Ureaplasma urealyticum in urogenital swabs.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12;18(1):651. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Infection Control, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) are well-accepted in diagnosis and surveillance of sexually infectious pathogens worldwide. However, performance differences between a RNA-based NAAT and DNA-based NAAT are rarely reported. This study compares the performances of the RNA-based SAT (simultaneous amplification and testing) assay and the DNA-based quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3580-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291997PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Association of Screening and Treatment for Preoperative Asymptomatic Bacteriuria With Postoperative Outcomes Among US Veterans.

JAMA Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Limited data suggest that screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) prior to nonurologic procedures is not useful. However, high-quality evidence to support consensus recommendations and influence clinical practice is lacking.

Objective: To characterize the association between detection and treatment of preoperative ASB and postoperative outcomes. Read More

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http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4759DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Risk factors for positive urine cultures in cats with subcutaneous ureteral bypass and ureteral stents (2010-2016).

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 3;33(1):178-183. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Sciences, University of California, Davis, California.

Background: Ureteral stent and subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) placement are commonly used for managing ureteral obstructions. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a recognized complication.

Objectives: To determine postoperative incidence of positive urine cultures in cats undergoing ureteral stent and SUB placement and to identify risk factors associated with positive urine cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335572PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Relationships among urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio, urine specific gravity, and bacteriuria in canine urine samples.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 2;33(1):192-199. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, Georgia.

Background: Proteinuria is a marker of chronic kidney disease in dogs and a risk factor for increased morbidity and death. Predictive models using the results of readily available screening tests could foster early recognition.

Objective: To determine whether urine specific gravity (USG) and semiquantitative category of dipstick protein can be used to predict urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UP : C) and to examine the effect of urine culture results on UP : C in dogs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvim.15377
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335512PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical, histopathologic, cystoscopic, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of proliferative urethritis in 22 dogs.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 5;33(1):184-191. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, California.

Background: Proliferative urethritis (PU) is a lower urinary tract disease of dogs characterized by frond-like lesions in the urethra. The etiology of PU is unknown, although an association with bacterial cystitis is reported.

Objectives: Deep-seated bacterial cystitis is associated with PU, particularly in dogs with neutrophilic or granulomatous inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335574PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Environmental disinfection with photocatalyst as an adjunctive measure to control transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a prospective cohort study in a high-incidence setting.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 3;18(1):610. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine and AIDS Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.

Background: Environmental disinfection with continuously antimicrobial surfaces could offer superior control of surface bioburden. We sought to decide the efficacy of photocatalyst antimicrobial coating in reducing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) acquisition in high incidence setting.

Methods: We performed prospective cohort study involving patients hospitalized in medical intensive care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3555-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276245PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A meta-analysis of the incidence and fate of contralateral vesicoureteral reflux in unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

McMaster Pediatric Surgery Research Collaborative (MPSRC), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; McMaster University/McMaster Children's Hospital, Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is the most common type of renal cystic disease. It is associated with urinary tract abnormalities in the contralateral kidney in up to 30% of cases, most commonly vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).

Objectives: The objective of this study was to describe the incidence and selected issues in management and evolution for each VUR grade in the contralateral kidney of patients with unilateral MCDK, in order to strengthen the scientific basis regarding the need for voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.10.023DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Enterovesical Fistula Secondary to Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder.

Surg J (N Y) 2018 Oct 18;4(4):e201-e204. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Urology, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta.

Although fistulae between the urinary bladder and the gastrointestinal tract are not uncommon, those caused by carcinoma of the urinary bladder are rare. This report describes the case of an 85 years old male who was diagnosed with a mass involving the small bowel and the urinary bladder during the course of investigation for recurrent urinary tract infections. At laparotomy, the presence of an enterovesical fistula involving the ileum and bladder was confirmed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193805PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Man against the machine - Differences in surgical risk evaluation. A cohort prospective study.

Int J Surg 2018 Dec 22;60:252-256. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, affiliated with Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the assessment provided by the ACS Surgical Risk Calculator with the assessments provided by senior and resident anesthesiologists.

Methods: The study is prospective and controlled. Before the surgical procedure a resident anesthesiologist collected data needed to perform pre-operative assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.11.012DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Postoperative complications in elderly patients following pancreaticoduodenectomy lead to increased postoperative mortality and costs. A retrospective cohort study.

Int J Surg 2018 Dec 20;60:204-209. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Complications frequently occur after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy tend to be older; age and postoperative complication may be associated. To clarify this association, we compared postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy based on age group. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17439191183171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.11.016DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Spectrum Of Bacterial Culture And Drug Sensitivity Vs Resistance In Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2018 Jul-Sep;30(3):432-438

Department of Pathology, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: The growing antibiotic resistance against uropathogens has made its treatment a challenge for the physicians. This study was conducted to know the spectrum of bacteria responsible for urinary tract infection and their susceptibility and resistance to available antibiotics.

Methods: This hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out from May to October 2017. Read More

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January 2019
12 Reads

Impact of a change in duration of prophylactic antibiotics on infectious complications after radical cystectomy with a neobladder.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13196

Departments of Internal medicine.

A profound number of prophylactic antibiotics are used after radical cystectomy with an ileal orthotopic neobladder (RCIONB) despite a negative effect of infection control. We investigated the impact of short-term prophylactic antibiotic use on infectious complications after RCIONB.We retrospectively reviewed data from 287 patients who underwent RCIONB for bladder cancer between 2012 and 2016 at a tertiary hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013196DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Catheter-associated bacterial flora in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia: shift in antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Nov 20;18(1):590. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Lindleya 4, 02-005, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Men with urinary retention secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are prone to genitourinary infections. Physicians should be aware of the current antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in this population if empirical treatment is needed. The goal of this study was to evaluate variations in prevalence, composition and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial flora in men with indwelling catheters subjected to surgery for BPH in chosen time periods since 1994. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3507-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247620PMC
November 2018