30,477 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Male


Challenges in urogenital tuberculosis.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Novosibirsk Research TB Institute, Urogenital Clinic, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation.

Purpose: For better understanding of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB), its clinical spectrum and characteristic features need to be evaluated.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and forty-two cases of UGTB patients were analyzed retrospectively. We considered age, gender, symptoms, and diagnostic procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02767-xDOI Listing

Vibrio albensis: An unusual urinary tract infection in a healthy male.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Infections with non-O1 non-O139 Vibro cholerae strains have been reported to affect different extra intestinal sites including the urinary tract infection. We report the first case of UTI due to Vibrio albensis in an immunocompetent patient from Lebanon, where the organism was also recovered from water at his home. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18760341193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2019.03.018DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Predicting the risk of sepsis and causative organisms following urinary stones removal using urinary versus stone and stent cultures.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Infectious Disease Unit, Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva; affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The association between foreign objects in the urinary system and urinary tract infections (UTI) is well established. The incidence of bacteriuria in patient with urinary catheters increases as dwelling time lengthens. The presence of ureteral stents and kidney stones is also associated with increased risk for bacteriuria and urinary tract infection. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10096-019-03555-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-019-03555-6DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Lump type crossed fused renal ectopia with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Mar;7(6):773-777

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 05278, South Korea.

Background: Crossed fused renal ectopia is a rare congenital anomaly of the ascent of the kidney. This anomaly may be observed as a solitary kidney during initial evaluation. A solitary kidney must be evaluated for associated anomalies such as duplication, horseshoe kidney, or crossed renal ectopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i6.773DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448078PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A nationwide comparative analysis of medical complications in fibromyalgia patients following total knee arthroplasty.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Feb;7(4):64

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Northwell Health, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Fibromyalgia is a disease primarily characterized by chronic widespread pain and associated symptoms of fatigue, mild cognitive impairment, and sleep disturbance. The condition affects 1% to 6% of the general population in the United States and is more commonly diagnosed in women (2:1 ratio). There is evidence to suggest that fibromyalgia patients may be more at risk of postoperative complications. Read More

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http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/23335/22774
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.12.60DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409227PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

larvae in the urine of a patient with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: a case report.

J Parasit Dis 2019 Mar 10;43(1):154-157. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

4Department of Internal Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria.

Disseminated infection with refers to the massive migration of infective larvae from the gastrointestinal tract to other organs that are not involved in the normal life cycle of the parasite. We describe the case of a Nigerian male with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in whom larvae of was identified in the urine. This report involves a 60-year old male Nigerian presenting to the Urology clinic of the Jos University teaching hospital, Nigeria with disseminated The index patient presented with a 5 month history of total haematuria, urinary frequency, urgency, nocturia, straining to pass urine, feeling of incomplete voiding and terminal dribbling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12639-018-1051-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423169PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Risk factors for febrile genito-urinary infection in the catheterized patients by with spinal cord injury-associated chronic neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction evaluated by urodynamic study and cystography: a retrospective study.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-Cho, Chuo-Ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.

Introduction: To investigate the risk factors for febrile genito-urinary tract infection (GUTI) in spinal cord injury-associated neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) patients who perform routine clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) evaluated by urodynamic study (UDS) and cystography.

Patients And Methods: Over a 3-year period, we retrospectively assessed risk factors for febrile UTI in 141 spinal cord injury patients diagnosed as NLUTD and performing routine CIC, regarding gender, UDS findings such as bladder compliance, maximum cystometric capacity, and cystography.

Results: A total of 41 patients had febrile GUTI in the follow-up period as along with 32 cases of pyelonephritis, 10 cases of epididymitis, and 1 case of prostatitis, including patients with multiple infectious diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02743-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison of utilization of pressurized automated versus manual hand irrigation during ureteroscopy in the absence of ureteral access sheath.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2018 Oct 1;31(4):432-435. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Division of Urology, Baylor Scott and White HealthTempleTexas.

This study compared patient outcomes following irrigation applied using an automated pressure system (AP) to hand irrigation utilizing a syringe (HI) during ureteroscopy. Retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate ureteroscopy procedures without a ureteral access sheath. Procedures in which irrigation was applied by AP were compared to those with HI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2018.1482518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413982PMC
October 2018

Antibiotic prescription among outpatients in a prefecture of Japan, 2012-2013: a retrospective claims database study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 3;9(4):e026251. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University Hospital, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, Japan.

Objectives: To investigate oral antibiotic prescribing patterns and identify factors associated with antibiotic prescriptions, with the aim of guiding future interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Database of public health insurance claims in Kumamoto prefecture (Japan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026251DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Utility of point-of-care Gram stain by physicians for urinary tract infection in children ≤36 months.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15101

Department of Pediatrics, Okinawa Chubu Hospital, Okinawa.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children requires early diagnosis and treatment to prevent repeated UTI and renal scarring. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the point-of-care Gram stain by physicians for suspected UTI in children at Okinawa Chubu Hospital as a rapid diagnostic test.A single-center, retrospective study was undertaken between January 2011 and December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015101DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections by Urine Flow Cytometry: Adjusted Cut-Off Values in Different Clinical Presentations.

Dis Markers 2019 3;2019:5853486. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Bacterium and leucocyte counts in urine can be measured by urine flow cytometry (UFC). They are used to predict significant bacterial growth in urine culture and to diagnose infections of the urinary tract. However, little information is available on appropriate UFC cut-off values for bacterium and leucocyte counts in specific clinical presentations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5853486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421762PMC

Prostatic utricles without external genital anomalies in children: our experience, literature review, and pooling analysis.

BMC Urol 2019 Apr 3;19(1):21. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Urology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 136, Zhongshan 2 RD, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400014, China.

Background: It has been recognized that the incidence of prostatic utricle in boys is increasing and is closely associated with diseases such as hypospadias. However, the clinical features of prostatic utricle with normal external genitalia have received little attention.

Methods: Based on this, a series of 22 male children with prostatic utricles has been compiled by adding our 3 patients to 19 cases reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0450-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446365PMC
April 2019
1 Read
1.937 Impact Factor

Management of erosion of inflatable penile prosthesis reservoir into bladder. A different approach.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2019 Mar 29;91(1):43-45. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cukurova, Adana.

We report a rare case of erosion of an inflatable penile prosthesis reservoir into the bladder that was managed with a different approach from the literature by preserving the existing reservoir. Inflatable penile implant was applied to a 54-year-old male patient who had undergone with a robot-assisted radical prostatectomy operation due to localized prostate cancer 2 years before. Two months after the operation, the patient referred to our clinic with predominant symptoms of lower urinary tract system associated with scrotal pain and swelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2019.1.43DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Learning to Beat the Shock Clock: A Low-Fidelity Simulation Board Game for Pediatric and Emergency Medicine Residents.

MedEdPORTAL 2019 Feb 11;15:10804. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Associate Professor, University of New Mexico School of Medicine.

Introduction: Resident physicians may have difficulty with identifying and managing pediatric septic shock due to limited patient encounters. Simulation-based interventions can enhance competency. We developed a low-fidelity tabletop simulation game to teach pediatric septic shock and compared residents' knowledge of and comfort with recognition and management of septic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415010PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Increased adherence to treatment guidelines in patients with urinary tract infection in primary care: A retrospective study.

PLoS One 2019 28;14(3):e0214572. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Family Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in primary care and leads to a high number of antibiotic prescriptions. Antimicrobial resistance is a global health problem; better antimicrobial prescribing is one way to limit antimicrobial resistance. We aimed to describe the number of consultations for patients diagnosed with lower urinary tract infection (LUTI) and pyelonephritis and changes in prescribing of antibiotics to men and women with LUTI and pyelonephritis in Swedish PHC between the years 2008 and 2013. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214572PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438509PMC

An application of sublingual mucosa to establish a new urination passage in male cats with complications after urethrostomy.

J Vet Med Sci 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Veterinary Clinic Research Unit, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Mahasarakham University.

This is the first study of using sublingual mucosae to establish a new urination passage in male cats suffering from complications from prior urethrostomy. In total, five domestic male cats afflicted with various complications, such as urethra stricture, scalding dermatitis, and urinary tract infection, after urethrostomy were included in the study. Sublingual mucosa was harvested to graft with abdominal muscles and further made into a tube connecting with the remaining urethra of the bladder at the cranial end and with the prepuce at the caudal end, serving as a new passage for urination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.18-0571DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Causative agents of urinary tract infections and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns at a referral center in Western India: An audit to help clinicians prevent antibiotic misuse.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Jan;8(1):154-159

B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) remain one of the most common infections in community and susceptibility of uropathogens to commonly used antimicrobials has declined over years. It is important to periodically study susceptibility patterns of uropathogens, so that empiric treatment can be determined using recent data, helping improve patient outcomes.

Methods: Urine samples received by the laboratory for culture and susceptibility testing over a period of 3 months were analyzed and included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_203_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396617PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Use of Unenhanced Abdominal Computed Tomography for Assessment of Acute Non-Traumatic Abdominal Pain in the Emergency Department.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Mar;21(3):208-212

Department of Radiology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Acute non-traumatic abdominal pain is typically evaluated by abdomino-pelvic computed tomography (CT) with oral and venous contrast. The accuracy of unenhanced CT for diagnosis in this setting has not been widely studied.

Objectives: To assess the accuracy of unenhanced CT in establishing the etiology of acute non-traumatic abdominal pain. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Refractory ascites and graft dysfunction in early renal transplantation.

J Bras Nefrol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Serviço de Nefrologia e Transplantação Renal do Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

The occurrence of ascites after Renal Transplant (RT) is infrequent, and may be a consequence of surgical or medical complications. Case report: 61 year-old, male, history of arterial hypertension, tongue carcinoma and alcoholic habits 12-20g/day. He had chronic kidney disease secondary to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, without hepatic polycystic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-JBN-2018-0175DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Vancomycin plus nafcillin salvage for the treatment of persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia following daptomycin failure: a case report and literature review.

Ther Adv Infect Dis 2019 Jan-Dec;6:2049936118797404. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA.

Background: Evidence supporting beta-lactam plus vancomycin synergy for methicillin-resistant (MRSA) continues to grow. Current evidence demonstrates that combination therapy is associated with shorter time to blood sterilization than vancomycin monotherapy. However, this combination has not been reported as salvage therapy for persistent MRSA bacteremia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2049936118797404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416679PMC
September 2018

Use of a subcutaneous ureteral bypass device for treatment of bilateral proximal ureteral injury in a 9-month-old cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116919831856. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

The Animal Referral Hospital Homebush, NSW, Australia.

Case Summary: A 9-month-old male domestic longhair cat presented following iatrogenic ureteral trauma after an attempted laparoscopic ovariectomy. Prior to identifying that the cat was male, both ureters were transected approximately 4 mm from the renal pelves. Initial management involved a left-sided Boari flap neoureterocystostomy, cystonephropexy and right ureteronephrectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116919831856DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415474PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Geriatric urinary tract infections: The value of laboratory parameters in estimating the need for bacteremia and Intensive Care Unit.

Pak J Med Sci 2019 Jan-Feb;35(1):215-219

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

Objective: We investigated the geriatric patients diagnosed as urinary tract infection and evaluated the effects of white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil count, platelet, mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, creatine, albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio parameters on estimating the need for bacteremia and intensive care (IC) for the patients with pyelonephritis.

Methods: Between 2016-2017, a total number of 188 patients aged 65 years and above were retrospectively evaluated at the infectious diseases clinic.

Results: The 124 (66%) of the patients were male and 64 (34%) were female. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.97DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408671PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Predictors of Successful Discharge of Patients on Postoperative Day 1 After Craniotomy for Brain Tumor.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Background: Shorter hospital stays have been associated with decreased complication rates, fewer hospital-acquired infections, and lower costs. We evaluated an optimized treatment paradigm for patients undergoing craniotomy allowing for postoperative day 1 (POD1) discharge if the criteria were met. We compared the complication and readmission rates between the POD1 patients and those with longer stays, and examined the patient and surgical variables for predictors of POD1 discharge. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

What can we learn by examining variations in the use of urine culture in the management of acute cystitis? A retrospective cohort study with linked administrative data in British Columbia, Canada, 2005-2011.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(3):e0213534. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common community-based bacterial infections. Empiric antibiotic recommendations are guided by local resistance rates. Previous research suggests that cultures are overused for uncomplicated cystitis, but practice patterns have not been described in detail. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213534PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407775PMC

Pulmonary Embolism following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: An Uncommon and Life-Threatening Complication.

Case Rep Urol 2019 31;2019:2186930. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Urology Department, Korgialenio-Benakio Hellenic Red Cross Hospital, Athanasaki 1, 11526 Athens, Greece.

High risk pulmonary embolism is a rare and life-threatening complication following percutaneous nephrolithotomy. We report the case of a previously healthy, 44-year-old male, who developed acute pulmonary embolism following right percutaneous nephrolithotomy. On the 1st postoperative day, the patient presented with hemodynamic instability, acute respiratory distress, hypoxia, and loss of consciousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2186930DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374826PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Perioperative outcomes associated with thoracolumbar 3-column osteotomies for adult spinal deformity patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Mar 1:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Departments of1Neurological Surgery and.

OBJECTIVESpinal deformity causing spinal imbalance is directly correlated to pain and disability. Prior studies suggest adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have more complex deformities and are at higher risk for complications. In this study the authors compared outcomes of ASD patients with RA following thoracolumbar 3-column osteotomies to outcomes of a matched control cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.SPINE18927DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Comparative virulotyping and phylogenomics of isolates from urine samples of men and women suffering urinary tract infections.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2019 Feb;22(2):211-214

Graduated student (DVM), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

Objectives: strains are common pathogens that can cause urinary tract infections (UTI). This study aimed to assess phylogroups and virulence types in male and female UTI patients.

Materials And Methods: In the present study, 160 uropathogenic (UPEC) isolates (from both sexes) were assigned to phylogroups/types and some extraintestinal virulence factors were detected within them by multiplex-PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijbms.2018.28360.6880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396991PMC
February 2019

Benefits of annual chemotherapeutic control of schistosomiasis on the development of protective immunity.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 4;19(1):219. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Schistosomiasis is a devastating parasitic disease. The mainstay of schistosomiasis control is by praziquantel treatment. The study aimed to determine benefits of annual chemotherapy of schistosomiasis on development of protective immunity in school children in a selected endemic rural area in Zimbabwe. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3811-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398226PMC
March 2019
3 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor

Recurrence of -associated Intra-abdominal Infection 2 Years after Spilled Gallstones during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

J Glob Infect Dis 2019 Jan-Mar;11(1):47-49

Department of Infectious Diseases, Stony Brook University, School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, USA.

Spilled gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are common. Lost gallstones can lead to complications such as intra-abdominal abscesses, which can occur days, months, or even years after the procedure. belongs to the family of Enterobacteriaceae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jgid.jgid_9_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380101PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Antibiotic management of urinary tract infection in elderly patients in primary care and its association with bloodstream infections and all cause mortality: population based cohort study.

BMJ 2019 02 27;364:l525. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

NIHR Health Protection Research Unit, Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, UK

Objective: To evaluate the association between antibiotic treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI) and severe adverse outcomes in elderly patients in primary care.

Design: Retrospective population based cohort study.

Setting: Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2007-15) primary care records linked to hospital episode statistics and death records in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391656PMC
February 2019

Association of Overlapping Surgery With Perioperative Outcomes.

JAMA 2019 02;321(8):762-772

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Overlapping surgery, in which more than 1 procedure performed by the same primary surgeon is scheduled so the start time of one procedure overlaps with the end time of another, is of concern because of potential adverse outcomes.

Objective: To determine the association between overlapping surgery and mortality, complications, and length of surgery.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Retrospective cohort study of 66 430 operations in patients aged 18 to 90 years undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty; spine surgery; coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery; and craniotomy at 8 centers between January 1, 2010, and May 31, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.0711DOI Listing
February 2019
35.289 Impact Factor

Clinical Profile and Outcome of Children with Congenital Obstructive Uropathy.

Indian J Pediatr 2019 Apr 22;86(4):354-359. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: To study the etiology and clinical profile of congenital obstructive uropathy in children, renal status and growth at diagnosis and at follow-up and to determine the predictors for development of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods: An observational (retrospective-prospective) study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in South India from September 2014 through September 2016. Sixty children diagnosed to have congenital obstructive uropathy with a minimum follow-up period of 5 y were included and followed up prospectively for 2 more years during the study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-019-02876-wDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Scrotal necrosis and no Fournier's in sight: a rare case of juvenile gangrenous vasculitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 21;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Urology, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cheltenham, UK.

Juvenile gangrenous vasculitis of the scrotum is a rare entity, of which to our knowledge we describe the first documented case in the UK. It follows a typical disease course, demonstrated by an 18-year-old male who presented with three necrotic scrotal lesions; proceeded by 3 days of fever, pharyngitis and lethargy. Previous cases have been managed successfully with systemic steroids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226530DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Serious adverse events and lifetime risk of reoperation after elective shoulder replacement: population based cohort study using hospital episode statistics for England.

BMJ 2019 02 20;364:l298. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Botnar Research Centre, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK.

Objectives: To provide accurate risk estimates of serious adverse events after elective shoulder replacement surgery for arthritis, including age and sex specific estimates of the lifetime risk of revision surgery.

Design: Population based cohort study.

Setting: Hospital episode statistics for NHS England, including civil registration mortality data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380386PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Once-Daily Plazomicin for Complicated Urinary Tract Infections.

N Engl J Med 2019 02;380(8):729-740

From the Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany (F.M.E.W.); Achaogen, South San Francisco (D.J.C., A.S.K., D.S.C., K.M.K., T.R.K., L.E.C., I.F.), the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles (L.G.M.), and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance (L.G.M.) - all in California; and Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (J.P.D.).

Background: The increasing multidrug resistance among gram-negative uropathogens necessitates new treatments for serious infections. Plazomicin is an aminoglycoside with bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant (including carbapenem-resistant) Enterobacteriaceae.

Methods: We randomly assigned 609 patients with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), including acute pyelonephritis, in a 1:1 ratio to receive intravenous plazomicin (15 mg per kilogram of body weight once daily) or meropenem (1 g every 8 hours), with optional oral step-down therapy after at least 4 days of intravenous therapy, for a total of 7 to 10 days of therapy. Read More

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1801467
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1801467DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Interventions for primary vesicoureteric reflux.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 02 20;2:CD001532. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Analytics Assist, NSW Ministry of Health, 73 Miller St, North Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2060.

Background: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) results in urine passing retrograde up the ureter. Urinary tract infections (UTI) associated with VUR have been considered a cause of permanent renal parenchymal damage in children with VUR. Management has been directed at preventing UTI by antibiotic prophylaxis and/or surgical correction of VUR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001532.pub5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380991PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Emergency Department Visits After Kidney, Liver, and Heart Transplantation in a Hospital of a University in Turkey: A Retrospective Study.

Exp Clin Transplant 2019 01;17(Suppl 1):264-269

From the Department of Public Health, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In our country, there are few publications evaluating emergency department visits among kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients. Here, we examined emergency department visits of transplant recipients after initial hospital discharge following organ transplant performed in a medical faculty hospital in Ankara, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed hospital records of 1144 transplant recipients (700 kidney, 332 liver, and 112 heart) who underwent living-donor and deceased-donor organ transplant procedures in a university hospital between 2007 and 2017 and were admitted to the emergency department during the same period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.MESOT2018.P120DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Bullous Pemphigoid with Atypical Skin Lesions and Acute Interstitial Nephritis: A Case Report and Focused Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 18;20:212-218. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

BACKGROUND The hallmark of bullous pemphigoid (BP) is widespread tense blisters arising on normal or erythematous skin, often with marked pruritus, the diagnosis of which is confirmed by direct immunofluorescence (DIF). BP is an autoimmune process that can be induced, though rarely, by medications. Drug-induced BP often has atypical clinical presentation, which requires a good understanding of other dermatological conditions with similar presentations, in particular, bullous subtype of erythema multiforme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388647PMC
February 2019

Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The role of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistance in recurrent community-onset Enterobacteriaceae urinary tract infections: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 14;19(1):163. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics; Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Bacterial resistance to first line antibiotics used to treat community-onset urinary tract infections (UTIs) continues to emerge. We sought to determine the association between extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance (ESC-R) and recurrence among Enterobacteriaceae (EB) UTIs.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3804-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376680PMC
February 2019
2.613 Impact Factor

Procalcitonin, mid-regional proadrenomedullin and C-reactive protein in predicting treatment outcome in community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 14;19(1):161. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, PO, Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background: A reduction in duration of antibiotic therapy is crucial in minimizing the development of antimicrobial resistance, drug-related side effects and health care costs. The minimal effective duration of antimicrobial therapy for febrile urinary tract infections (fUTI) remains a topic of uncertainty, especially in male patients, those of older age or with comorbidities. Biomarkers have the potential to objectively identify the optimal moment for cessation of therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3789-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376649PMC
February 2019

Anal Sphincteroplasty in the Minimally Invasive Era: Assessment of National Trends and Complications.

Am Surg 2019 Jan;85(1):46-51

Fecal incontinence is a debilitating and underreported condition. Despite introduction of novel therapies in recent years, anal sphincteroplasty (AS) remains the surgical choice for certain patients. Previous reports have primarily focused on single-surgeon or single-center experience with AS. Read More

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January 2019
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Epidemiology and risk factors for multi-drug resistant hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in patients with liver cirrhosis: single center experience in Serbia.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 12;19(1):141. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Cirrhosis-associated immune dysfunction syndrome (CAIDS) has been identified in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), predisposing them to a wide variety of infections. In patients with LC, healthcare-associated infections involving multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria have increased significantly over the last decades. Among them, hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (HA-UTI) are the most common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3761-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373165PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiology and risk factors for nosocomial infection in the respiratory intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in China: A prospective surveillance during 2013 and 2015.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 12;19(1):145. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Respiratory Intensive Care Unit of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: To determine the epidemiology and risk factors for nosocomial infection (NI) in the Respiratory Intensive Care Unit (RICU) of a teaching hospital in Northwest China.

Methods: An observational, prospective surveillance was conducted in the RICU from 2013 to 2015. The overall infection rate, distribution of infection sites, device-associated infections and pathogen in the RICU were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3772-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373110PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Association of Thoracic Epidural Pain Management with Urinary Retention after Complex Abdominal Wall Reconstruction.

Am Surg 2018 Nov;84(11):1808-1813

The association of thoracic epidural analgesia and urinary retention after complex abdominal wall reconstruction (CAWR) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the presence of a thoracic epidural, timing of Foley catheter removal, and the rates of urinary retention and catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in patients undergoing CAWR. All patients undergoing CAWR, who had an epidural catheter for postoperative pain management at our institution from September 2015 through April 2016, were prospectively followed. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Host and pathogen factors in Klebsiella pneumoniae upper urinary tract infections in renal transplant patients.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Mar 12;68(3):382-394. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, ul. Dębinki 7, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland.

Purpose: To analyse the role of virulence factors (VFs) and host in Klebsiella pneumoniae upper urinary tract infections (UTIs) in renal transplant (RTx) recipients.

Methodology: Clinical and demographic data were registered prospectively. Phylogenetic background of K. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000942DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effects of Underlying Liver Disease on 30-Day Outcomes After Posterior Lumbar Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the effects of underlying liver disease on 30-day postoperative complications after elective posterior lumbar fusion (PLF).

Methods: We performed a retrospective American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program study of patients who had undergone elective PLF from 2011 to 2014. The patients were divided into 2 groups stratified by the presence of liver disease, assessed using the Model for End-stage Liver Disease plus sodium score (liver disease, ≥10; no liver disease, <10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.160DOI Listing
February 2019
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Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Following Ureterovesical Reimplantation for Congenital Obstructive Megaureter. Pediatric Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Front Pediatr 2019 24;7. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Pediatrics and Adolescentology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy.

Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, life-threatening necrotizing infection of the kidney. To date, very few cases of EPN have been described in the pediatric age. The first case of EPN in a toddler occurring after ureterovesical reimplantation for congenital obstructive megaureter is reported with a literature review. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fped.2019.00002/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354553PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Hybrid repair for a complex infection aortic pseudoaneurysm with continued antibiotic therapy: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14330

Department of Vascular Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Introduction: Treatment of infection aortic pseudoaneurysm (PSA) is a great challenge to surgeons for 3 reasons: high mortality for rupture or threatened rupture; potential risk for infection of prosthetic material which probably bring a devastating result for patients; and long-term antibiotic therapy requirement. Endovascular repair is an alternative to open surgery for a less invasive, which is a trouble procedure for aortic PSA with complex aortic anatomy. The purpose of this article is to report the novel hybrid repair of an infection aortic PSA and antibiotics therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380711PMC
February 2019
2 Reads