789,733 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Females

Abnormal functional connectivity within the prefrontal cortex in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS): A pilot study using resting state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (rs-fNIRS).

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Rehabilitation, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Purpose: To investigate the abnormalities of functional connectivity (FC) within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) based on resting state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (rs-fNIRS) data using FC matrix analysis.

Materials And Methods: Ten patients with IC/BPS (females, 9; mean age, 56.9 ± 12. Read More

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Development of a Management Algorithm for Acute and Chronic Radiation Urethritis and Cystitis.

Urol Int 2021 Jun 15:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, St. Antonius Hospital, Gronau, Germany.

Objective: The purpose of this review was to summarize the current literature on the assessment and treatment of radiation urethritis and cystitis (RUC) for the development of an evidenced-based management algorithm.

Material And Methods: The PubMed/MEDLINE database was searched by a multidisciplinary group of experts in January 2021.

Results: In total, 48 publications were identified. Read More

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The association between bladder dysfunction, balance and falls in women with multiple sclerosis: The specific contribution of fear of falling.

Gait Posture 2021 Jun 10;88:252-257. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Multiple Sclerosis Center, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Bladder dysfunction is the most common autonomic disturbance in people with MS (PwMS). Only a few studies have examined the relationship between bladder dysfunction and falls in PwMS. Bladder dysfunction has been deemed only a secondary outcome measure, and classified by a gross measure providing a limited perspective of this disturbing symptom. Read More

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Determination of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol in human urine after intake of extra virgin olive oil produced with an ultrasounds-based technology.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2021 Jun 10;203:114204. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Chemistry, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", 70126, Bari, Italy.

Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is a known source of antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds, useful in the prevention of non-infectious diseases (atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, and other diseases). In the present study, EVOO obtained using an innovative ultrasounds-based technology was found richer in total polyphenols, hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol, than EVOO obtained using a conventional mechanical technology. The urinary excretion in humans of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol, after the administration of ultrasounds and mechanical EVOOs, respectively, was assessed and compared. Read More

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Comparison of percutaneous kyphoplasty and pedicle screw fixation for treatment of thoracolumbar severe osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture with kyphosis.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Spine surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Orthopedics and Traumatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510700, China. Electronic address:

Background: Pedicle screw fixation (PSF) was considered to be the preferred surgery for treatment of severe osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (sOVCF), while sOVCF was traditionally regarded as a relative contraindication to minimally invasive percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Debate continues on the selection of surgical methods for sOVCF. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between PKP and PSF. Read More

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Healthcare professional's choice for surgical management of stress urinary incontinence in a U.K. tertiary hospital.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 24;263:7-14. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Urogynaecology, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Objective: In July 2018, NHS England, introduced a pause on vaginal mesh, including the mid-urethral sling (MUS) for treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). NICE guidelines recommend MUS as one of the surgical options for SUI. The aim of our study was to investigate healthcare professionals choices for surgical treatment of SUI, if conservative measures failed. Read More

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A multicenter study to develop a non-invasive radiomic model to identify urinary infection stone in vivo using machine-learning.

Kidney Int 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmacy, the First People's Hospital of Kashi Prefecture; Affiliated Kashi Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Kashi, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Urolithiasis is a common urological disease, and treatment strategy options vary between different stone types. However, accurate detection of stone composition can only be performed in vitro. The management of infection stones is particularly challenging with yet no effective approach to pre-operatively identify infection stones from non-infection stones. Read More

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Molecular classification and diagnostics of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma.

Cancer Cell 2021 Jun;39(6):793-809.e8

Department of Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is one of the common urothelial cancers. Its molecular pathogenesis, however, is poorly understood, with no useful biomarkers available for accurate diagnosis and molecular classification. Through an integrated genetic study involving 199 UTUC samples, we delineate the landscape of genetic alterations in UTUC enabling genetic/molecular classification. Read More

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The recurrent urinary tract infection health and functional impact questionnaire (RUHFI-Q): design and feasibility assessment of a new evaluation scale.

Can J Urol 2021 Jun;28(3):10729-10732

Department of Urology, University Hospital Limerick, Dooradoyle, Co. Limerick, Ireland.

Introduction: We aim to design a tool to assess the impact of recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) on quality of life (QoL) in adult women, given the notable absence of an established instrument for this purpose.

Materials And Methods: Best practice guidelines in health-related survey design were reviewed. A literature review informed creation of an interview guide. Read More

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Efficacy of propiverine hydrochloride for urinary incontinence after robot-assisted or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

Can J Urol 2021 Jun;28(3):10706-10712

Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan.

Introduction: To clarify the efficacy and safety of propiverine hydrochloride for incontinence after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP)/laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), along with changes in the urethral pressure profile (UPP) and quality of life in patients treated with propiverine hydrochloride.

Materials And Methods: In this randomized, comparative study, 104 patients who were aware of urinary incontinence after RALP or LRP were assigned to receive propiverine hydrochloride (treatment group) or not (controls). Pad test results, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) scores, and UPP results [including maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP) and functional urethral length (FUL)], were recorded immediately and at 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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Overactive bladder phenotypes: development and preliminary data.

Can J Urol 2021 Jun;28(3):10699-10704

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to develop overactive bladder (OAB) phenotypes that can be used to develop diagnostic and treatment pathways and offer clues to the underlying etiologies of patients with OAB.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective, multicenter study of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Evaluation included a 24-hour bladder diary (24HBD), the lower urinary tract symptoms score (LUTSS) questionnaire, uroflowmetry (Q), and post-void residual urine (PVR) measurement. Read More

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How I Do It: PureWick female external catheter: a non-invasive urine management system for incontinent women.

Can J Urol 2021 Jun;28(3):10669-10672

Department of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common hospital-acquired infections and remain a significant medical and financial challenge to the healthcare system. Despite this risk, incontinent women may require prolonged catheterization to accurately monitor urine output and prevent skin breakdown. The PureWick Female External Urinary Catheter is a promising non-invasive urine collection system for use in incontinent women that may help reduce CAUTI rates, maintain skin integrity, accurately quantify urine output, and avoid extra healthcare costs. Read More

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Potential Role of Natriuretic Response to Furosemide Stress Test During Acute Heart Failure.

Circ Heart Fail 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e008166. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain (P.C.P., J.N., L.M.F., Z.B.-B., J.C.L.-A., J.d.J.B., M.D.G.-C.C., P.E.S., R.S.-B., F.A.Y., J.F.D.).

Background: Poor natriuresis has been associated with a poorer response to diuretic treatment and worse prognosis in acute heart failure. Recommendations on how and when to measure urinary sodium (UNa) are lacking. We aim to evaluate UNa quantification after a furosemide stress test (FST) capacity to predict appropriate decongestion during acute heart failure hospitalization. Read More

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The Validity of Neutrophil/lymphocyte Ratio as A Predictive Factor for Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome after Flexible Ureteroscopy Lithotripsy.

Urol J 2021 06 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, China 74#Linjiang Road, Chongqing, CN 400010.

Purpose: To explore the risk factors and predictive factors of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) for upper urinary tract stones.

Materials And Methods: Patients experienced fURS from January 2014 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, which were divided into the SIRS group and non-SIRS group. Clinical data of all patients, including gender, age, American society of anesthesia score, diabetes, etc. Read More

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Baicalin attenuates adriamycin-induced nephrotic syndrome by regulating fibrosis procession and inflammatory reaction.

Genes Genomics 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Department of Rheumatism, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Union Shenzhen Hospital (Nanshan Hospital), 89 Taoyuan Road, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, 518052, Guangdong, China.

Background: Baicalin has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, blood platelet aggregation-inhibiting, free oxygen radical-clearing, and endotoxin-decreasing properties. However, its molecular mechanism involved in the treatment of Adriamycin-induced nephrotic syndrome (NS) is still unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the effects of baicalin on Adriamycin-induced nephrotic syndrome (NS) and to characterize the genes involved in this progression. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of heat-sensitive moxibustion in the treatment of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26424

The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most disabling and destructive neurological diseases. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD) is one of the serious complications after SCI, 80% of patients after SCI will have neurogenic bladder symptoms. NBD after SCI may lead to urinary retention, urinary incontinence, and urinary tract infection. Read More

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Total uterine prolapse complicated with vesicovaginal fistula: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26386

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation.

Rationale: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) most commonly occurs due to iatrogenic injury during surgery or obstructed labor. We report a rare case of a patient with severe pelvic organ prolapse who developed VVF even though pessary had not been used.

Patient Concerns: A 63-year-old postmenopausal woman, para 3 (all spontaneous vaginal deliveries), complained of vaginal bulging sensation and involuntary urinary leakage for 3 years. Read More

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Focusing on long-term complications of mid-urethral slings among women with stress urinary incontinence as a patient safety improvement measure: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26257

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taoyuan General Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Tao-Yuan City, Taiwan.

Background: There are 3 different types of mid-urethral sling, retropubic, transobturator and single incision performed for women with stress urinary incontinence. Prior studies comparing these three surgeries merely focused on the successful rate or efficacy. But nevertheless, what is more clinically important dwells upon investigating postoperative complications as a safety improvement measure. Read More

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Obstetric Lacerations: Prevention and Repair.

Am Fam Physician 2021 Jun;103(12):745-752

Travis Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency, Travis Air Force Base, CA, USA.

Obstetric lacerations are a common complication of vaginal delivery. Lacerations can lead to chronic pain and urinary and fecal incontinence. Perineal lacerations are defined by the depth of musculature involved, with fourth-degree lacerations disrupting the anal sphincter and the underlying rectal mucosa and first-degree lacerations having no perineal muscle involvement. Read More

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Is urinary incontinence associated with vulval lichen sclerosus in females? A cross-sectional study.

Br J Dermatol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Increasing evidence suggests the pathogenesis of male genital lichen sclerosus (LS) is driven by chronic, occluded exposure of susceptible epithelium to the irritant effect of urine (1, 2). It is not clear how this can be extrapolated to females, however, the typical 'figure of eight' distribution seen in female genital LS suggests that urine could be implicated. This has not yet been robustly investigated. Read More

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Which Endoscopic Methods in Prepubertal Patients with 10-20 mm Bladder Stones: Transurethral Cystolithotripsy or Percutaneous Cystolithotripsy?

J Endourol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Medical Faculty Hospital, 64222, Department of Urology, Konya, Turkey;

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transurethral cystolithotripsy(TUC) and percutaneous cystolithotripsy(PCC) in prepubertal patients with 10-20 mm bladder stones.

Materials And Methods: The files of patients the age of 12 and under who were admitted our clinic for bladder stones from January 2007 to January 2021 were reviewed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria were patients who were 12 years of age and under with 10-20 mm bladder stones, and who underwent endoscopic surgery(TUC or PCC). Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of an interdisciplinary tertiary center evaluation in children referred for suspected congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract on fetal ultrasound - a retrospective outcome analysis.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, University Children's Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Fetal ultrasound organ screening has become a standard of care in most high-income countries. This has resulted in increased detection of congenital abnormalities, which may lead to major uncertainty and anxiety in expectant parents, even though many of them are of minor relevance. In order to optimize prenatal counselling, we introduced an interdisciplinary approach for all pregnant women referred to our center by private obstetricians for a co-assessment of suspected relevant fetal abnormalities of the kidney or urinary tract, involving both experienced prenatal ultrasound specialists and a pediatric nephrologist or urologist. Read More

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First case of human echinostomiasis in the urinary bladder.

J Travel Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pathogen Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

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Peptide profiling in cow urine reveals molecular signature of physiology-driven pathways and in-silico predicted bioactive properties.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 14;11(1):12427. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Cell Biology and Proteomics Lab, Animal Biotechnology Center (ABTC), Karnal, Haryana, 132001, India.

Peptidomics allows the identification of peptides that are derived from proteins. Urinary peptidomics has revolutionized the field of diagnostics as the samples represent complete systemic changes happening in the body. Moreover, it can be collected in a non-invasive manner. Read More

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[Early Diagnosis of Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula].

Brain Nerve 2021 Jun;73(6):685-696

Department of Neurology, Anjo Kosei Hospital.

Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are rare and most commonly affect men aged >50 years. Patients with SDAVF develop an abnormal vascular dural shunt between the dural branch of a segmental artery and a subdural radicular vein that drains the perimedullary venous system, leading to venous hypertension and secondary congestive myelopathy. Most SDAVFs are located in the thoracolumbar region, and usually patients present with slowly progressive paraparesis and urinary disturbances. Read More

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[Epiconus Syndrome and Conus Syndrome].

Brain Nerve 2021 Jun;73(6):659-670

Department of Neurology, Chubu Rosai Hospital.

The most caudal part of the spinal cord shows special anatomical characteristics and it contains epiconus (L4-S2 segments), the conus medullaris (S3-S5 segments), and surrounding nerve roots. Lesions of the thoracolumbar junction cause epiconus or conus syndrome. Epiconus syndrome is characterized by segmental muscular weakness and atrophy of one or both lower extremities, often accompanied by foot drop. Read More

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Obesity and Postoperative Complications Following Ankle Arthrodesis: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 May 17. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. Electronic address:

Obese patients undergoing orthopedic procedure have been reported to have higher rates of postoperative complications, but the published associations have numerous confounders. This study aims to evaluate the independent effect of obesity on postoperative complications and hospital utilization following ankle arthrodesis. A database review of a Medicare database was performed on patients less than 85 years old who underwent ankle arthrodesis between 2005 and 2014. Read More

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Erectile Function Following Surgery for Benign Prostatic Obstruction: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Eur Urol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Urology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Context: Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) is associated with sexual dysfunction. Furthermore, numerous BPO interventions may themselves impact sexual function.

Objective: To perform a systematic review with network meta-analysis to evaluate how BPO interventions affect erectile function. Read More

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In vitro effects of 2 bioactive compounds, gallic acid and methyl gallate, on urolithiasis.

Actas Urol Esp 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Núcleo de Investigações Químico-Farmacêuticas (NIQFAR), Universidade do Vale do Itajaí (UNIVALI), Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Electronic address:

Introduction And Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the role of 2 widely distributed natural phenolic compounds, gallic acid (GA) and methyl gallate (MG), in an in vitro model of urolithiasis, by using the methodology of calcium oxalate crystals formation, which is the most common type of urinary or kidney stones.

Material And Methods: The compounds GA and MG were subjected to anti-crystallization activities in different concentrations (0.003-0. Read More

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Evaluation of Molly model predictions of ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion, and performance by dairy cows consuming ryegrass-based diets.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Dairy Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061. Electronic address:

Several studies have been conducted to improve grazing management and supplementation in pasture-based systems. However, it is necessary to develop tools that integrate the available information linking the representation of biological processes with animal performance for use in decision making. The objective of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of the Molly cow model predictions of ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestion, and animal performance by cows consuming pasture-based diets to identify model strengths and weaknesses, and to derive new digestive parameters when relevant. Read More

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