36,197 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Females


The use of nitrofurantoin for children with acute cystitis caused by extended-spectrum Β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli.

Authors:
A Kara M K Gurgoze

J Pediatr Urol 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Firat University School of Medicine, 23119, Elazig, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: Acute cystitis in children caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) is on the rise. Treatment of these is usually parenteral treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2019.03.021DOI Listing

Draft genome sequence and analysis of strain NK-1 isolated from ureteral stent.

Data Brief 2019 Jun 3;24:103853. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Microbiology, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str. 18, Kazan 420008, Russia.

is a facultative aerobic, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium capable of causing nosocomial infections, in particular catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). Data on the possible roles of uncommon pathogens such as in the pathogenesis of biofilm-associated infections such as CAUTIs have been already reported. Herein, we describe the draft genome sequence of strain NK-1 isolated from the surface of ureteral stent retrieved from a Russian female. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23523409193020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.103853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463764PMC
June 2019
1 Read

A cross-sectional survey on the seroprevalence of dengue fever in febrile patients attending health facilities in Cross River State, Nigeria.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0215143. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Background: In Nigeria, recent reports suggest that dengue viruses could be a major cause of acute fevers. We sought to make a cross-sectional estimate of the prevalence of current and previous dengue infections in patients presenting with fever to healthcare centres in Cross River State Nigeria.

Methodology/principal Findings: This cross-sectional health facility survey recruited persons with temperature ≥38°C. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215143PLOS

Evaluation of the draft guidelines proposed by EMA and FDA for the clinical diagnosis of acute uncomplicated cystitis in women.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Urology, Pediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus-Liebig-University, Rudolph-Buchheim Str.7, 35392, Giessen, Germany.

Purpose: To reassess the diagnostic values of the "draft" guidelines for the clinical diagnosis of acute uncomplicated cystitis (AC), recently proposed by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA).

Methods: The data of 517 female respondents (patients with acute cystitis and controls) derived from the e-USQOLAT database were analyzed and used for the validation of proposed "draft" guidelines of FDA and EMA, compared to the Acute Cystitis Symptom Score (ACSS) questionnaire. The diagnostic values of the proposals concerning signs, symptoms and their severity were assessed and compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02761-3DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Gender Differences for Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Complications and Healthcare Utilization.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Introduction: The influence of patient gender on complications and healthcare utilization remains unexplored. The purpose of the present study was to determine if patient gender significantly affected outcomes following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of THA and TKA patients was performed using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08835403193032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.064DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Endourologic Treatment for Aggressive Angiomyxoma of the Bladder.

J Endourol Case Rep 2019 18;5(1):19-21. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, Brazil.

Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare tumor that usually appears in the female pelvic and perineal regions. It commonly has infiltrative behavior and high local recurrence risk. We report an unusual presentation of AA, originating in a female patient's bladder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cren.2018.0106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461054PMC

A Case of Pure Matrix Ureteral Stone: A rare type of urinary that may be overlooked.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2018 Nov 28;18(4):e557-e559. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Oman Medical College, Sohar, Oman.

Matrix stones are a rare form of urinary with a low mineral content. We report a 63-year-old female patient who presented to the Sohar Hospital, Sohar, Oman, in 2018 with unexplained left flank pain and constipation. She had a history of chronic renal failure (CRF) and had previously undergone haemodialysis (HD). Read More

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https://journals.squ.edu.om/index.php/squmj/article/view/300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.04.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443279PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Urinary tract infections after early removal of urinary catheter in total joint arthroplasty.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(2 Suppl):38-42

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, "Magna Graecia" University and "Mater Domini" University Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy.

Objective: Postoperative urine retention (POUR) is a well-known complication after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). POUR is most commonly managed with an indwelling catheter. However, indwelling catheters have been associated with a substantial risk of urinary tract infection (UTI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17472DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Medicinal chemistry of Alternative therapeutics: Novelty and hopes with genus Ammannia.

Curr Top Med Chem 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Laboratory of Chemistry, Department of Applied Sciences, Rajkiya Engineering College (An associate college of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow), Churk, Sonbhadra-231206. India.

The plants have formed the basis of folklore remedy since beginning of human civilization. The cumulative human endeavor and experience over a period of thousands of years developed into well to organize traditional medicine systems viz. Ayurvedic, Unani, Chinese amongst others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1568026619666190412101047DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Uromodulin-related autosomal-dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease-pathogenetic insights based on a case.

Clin Kidney J 2019 Apr 12;12(2):172-179. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Germany.

Uromodulin-related autosomal-dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD-UMOD) is a rare monogenic disorder that is characterized by tubulointerstitial fibrosis and progression of kidney function loss, and may progress to end-stage renal disease. It is usually accompanied by hyperuricaemia and gout. Mutations in the uromodulin gene () resulting in malfunctioning of UMOD are known to be the cause of ADTKD-UMOD, which is assumed to be an endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) storage disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfy094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452205PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The Dangers of Hymenotomy for Imperforate Hymen: A Case of Iatrogenic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease with Pyosalpinx.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.

Background: Complications associated with imperforate hymen include cyclical abdominal pain, acute urinary retention, endometriosis, and even iatrogenic infections.

Case: A 14 year old female was diagnosed with an imperforate hymen, hematocolpos, and right hematosalpinx. A hymenotomy was performed, followed by a hymenectomy three days later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
1.812 Impact Factor

A nationwide comparative analysis of medical complications in fibromyalgia patients following total knee arthroplasty.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Feb;7(4):64

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Northwell Health, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Fibromyalgia is a disease primarily characterized by chronic widespread pain and associated symptoms of fatigue, mild cognitive impairment, and sleep disturbance. The condition affects 1% to 6% of the general population in the United States and is more commonly diagnosed in women (2:1 ratio). There is evidence to suggest that fibromyalgia patients may be more at risk of postoperative complications. Read More

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http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/23335/22774
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.12.60DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409227PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Utility of point-of-care Gram stain by physicians for urinary tract infection in children ≤36 months.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15101

Department of Pediatrics, Okinawa Chubu Hospital, Okinawa.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children requires early diagnosis and treatment to prevent repeated UTI and renal scarring. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the point-of-care Gram stain by physicians for suspected UTI in children at Okinawa Chubu Hospital as a rapid diagnostic test.A single-center, retrospective study was undertaken between January 2011 and December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015101DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Uterine-preserving pelvic organ prolapse surgery using the UPHOLD LITE vaginal support system: The outcomes of 291 patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15086

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

This article aims to evaluate the safety and outcome of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) treated by a minimally invasive bilateral sacrospinous hysteropexy (UPHOLD LITE Vaginal Support System, Boston Scientific) without concomittent anti-incontinence surgery.This retrospective study was conducted between 2014 and 2016. Evaluated items included surgical parameter and postoperative outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015086DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections by Urine Flow Cytometry: Adjusted Cut-Off Values in Different Clinical Presentations.

Dis Markers 2019 3;2019:5853486. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Bacterium and leucocyte counts in urine can be measured by urine flow cytometry (UFC). They are used to predict significant bacterial growth in urine culture and to diagnose infections of the urinary tract. However, little information is available on appropriate UFC cut-off values for bacterium and leucocyte counts in specific clinical presentations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5853486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421762PMC

Electrofulguration in the advanced management of antibiotic-refractory recurrent urinary tract infections in women.

Int J Urol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of electrofulguration in women with recurrent urinary tract infections.

Methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective study of women who underwent electrofulguration alone was carried out. All patients had recurrent urinary tract infections defined as three or more urinary tract infections/year, and a preoperative office cystoscopy showing inflammatory lesions, categorized by location: urethra, bladder neck, trigone and beyond the trigone. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/iju.13963
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.13963DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Therapeutic potential of medicinal plants for the management of urinary tract infection: A systematic review.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most severe public health problem affecting both sexes but females are more susceptible due to the differences in urogenital and reproductive anatomy, physiology and lifestyle. As in UTI, different parts of the urinary tract are affected and morbidity due to UTI is more common in women of all ages and older men. Due to multi-drug resistant strains and high recurrence rate, UTI has become a major socioeconomic burden. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1440-1681.13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13092DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Learning to Beat the Shock Clock: A Low-Fidelity Simulation Board Game for Pediatric and Emergency Medicine Residents.

MedEdPORTAL 2019 Feb 11;15:10804. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Associate Professor, University of New Mexico School of Medicine.

Introduction: Resident physicians may have difficulty with identifying and managing pediatric septic shock due to limited patient encounters. Simulation-based interventions can enhance competency. We developed a low-fidelity tabletop simulation game to teach pediatric septic shock and compared residents' knowledge of and comfort with recognition and management of septic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415010PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Daptomycin-Induced Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES).

Case Rep Neurol Med 2019 24;2019:8756932. Epub 2019 Feb 24.

Croydon University Hospital, 530 London Road, Croydon CR7 7YE, UK.

Aims: To present a 60-year-old female patient who manifested clinical and radiological features of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) following the administration of Daptomycin for glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcal urinary tract infection.

Material: Case report.

Method: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome was diagnosed in our patient following the administration of Daptomycin based on clinical suspicion as well as brain CT and MRI imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8756932DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408990PMC
February 2019

A Culture-Independent Analysis of the Microbiota of Female Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Participants in the MAPP Research Network.

J Clin Med 2019 Mar 26;8(3). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

c/o Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

We surveyed urine microbiota of females diagnosed with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) and matched control participants enrolled in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain (MAPP) Research Network using the culture-independent methodology. Midstream urine specimens were analyzed with the Plex-ID molecular diagnostic platform that utilizes polymerase chain reaction⁻electrospray ionization⁻time-of-flight⁻mass spectrometry (PCR-ESI-TOF MS) to provide a comprehensive identification of bacterial and select fungal species. IC/BPS and control participants were evaluated for differences (presence, diversity, and abundance) in species and genus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462969PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Prospective Observational Cohort Study of the Efficacy of Bacterial Immune Prophylaxis in the Prevention of Uncomplicated, Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections.

Urol Int 2019 Mar 27:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Urology Department, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To investigate the long-term prophylactic effect of a vaccine on lower urinary tract infections (UTI) of bacterial and the impact of the intensity of the symptoms on the quality of life (QoL).

Methods: Adult female could be enrolled in this study if they had acute UTI at the enrolment visit and bacterial microbiological count of ≥103 CFU/mL of Escherichia coli.

Results: A total of 21 patients were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497107DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Randomized Clinical Trial Using Sterile Single Use and Reused Polyvinylchloride Catheters for Intermittent Catheterization with a Clean Technique in Spina Bifida: Short-Term Urinary Tract Infection Outcomes.

J Urol 2019 Mar 27:101097JU0000000000000244. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Urology Residency Program, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León , Monterrey , Mexico.

Purpose: Urinary tract infections are common and severe complications in patients with spina bifida. Management includes intermittent bladder catheterization with single use or reused sterile catheters. There is insufficient evidence to set a standard among the different techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JU.0000000000000244DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Predictors of low urinary quality of life in spinal cord injury patients on clean intermittent catheterization.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is a preferred method of bladder management for many patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), but long-term adherence is low. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with low urinary quality of life (QoL) in SCI adults performing CIC.

Methods: Over 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23983DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Causative agents of urinary tract infections and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns at a referral center in Western India: An audit to help clinicians prevent antibiotic misuse.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Jan;8(1):154-159

B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) remain one of the most common infections in community and susceptibility of uropathogens to commonly used antimicrobials has declined over years. It is important to periodically study susceptibility patterns of uropathogens, so that empiric treatment can be determined using recent data, helping improve patient outcomes.

Methods: Urine samples received by the laboratory for culture and susceptibility testing over a period of 3 months were analyzed and included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_203_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396617PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections and Associated Factors among Patients Attending Hospitals in Bushenyi District, Uganda.

Int J Microbiol 2019 17;2019:4246780. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the major causes of morbidity and comorbidities in patients with underlying conditions, and it accounts for the majority of the reasons for hospital visit globally. Sound knowledge of factors associated with UTI may allow timely intervention that can easily bring the disease under control. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of UTI by isolating and characterizing the different bacterial etiological agents and to evaluate the factors associated with UTI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4246780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397969PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Use of Unenhanced Abdominal Computed Tomography for Assessment of Acute Non-Traumatic Abdominal Pain in the Emergency Department.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Mar;21(3):208-212

Department of Radiology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Acute non-traumatic abdominal pain is typically evaluated by abdomino-pelvic computed tomography (CT) with oral and venous contrast. The accuracy of unenhanced CT for diagnosis in this setting has not been widely studied.

Objectives: To assess the accuracy of unenhanced CT in establishing the etiology of acute non-traumatic abdominal pain. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

A major hurdle in the elimination of urogenital schistosomiasis revealed: Identifying key gaps in knowledge and understanding of female genital schistosomiasis within communities and local health workers.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 03 21;13(3):e0007207. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

COUNTDOWN Consortium, Institute for Health Research, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: Urogenital schistosomiasis is endemic throughout Ghana with elevated infection levels in certain areas e.g. Lake Volta Region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428244PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating Postoperative Morbidity in Patients Undergoing Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Surgical Risk Calculator.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Research Administration, Hartford HealthCare, Hartford, CT.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) surgical risk calculator to predict surgical morbidity in patients undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery from 2014 to 2017. Preoperative risk factors were abstracted from medical records and entered into the ACS NSQIP surgical risk calculator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000715DOI Listing

A comparative analysis of prophylactic antimicrobial use in long-term care facilities in Ireland, 2013 and 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(11)

Discipline of Bacteriology, School of Medicine, National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG), Galway, Ireland.

BackgroundLong-term care facilities (LTCFs) are important locations of antimicrobial consumption. Of particular concern is inappropriate prescribing of prophylactic antimicrobials. AimWe aimed to explore factors related to antimicrobial prophylaxis in LTCFs in Ireland. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.11.1800102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425550PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Molecular characterization and distribution of Schistosoma cercariae collected from naturally infected bulinid snails in northern and central Côte d'Ivoire.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Mar 19;12(1):117. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK.

Background: Accurate identification of schistosome species infecting intermediate host snails is important for understanding parasite transmission, schistosomiasis control and elimination. Cercariae emerging from infected snails cannot be precisely identified morphologically to the species level. We used molecular tools to clarify the distribution of the Schistosoma haematobium group species infecting bulinid snails in a large part of Côte d'Ivoire and confirmed the presence of interspecific hybrid schistosomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3381-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423847PMC

Development of a Patient-Centered Pelvic Floor Complication Scale.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate patient responses on a survey of knowledge, perceptions, concerns, and fears about complications related to pelvic reconstructive surgery (PRS). This is the first step to create a simplified, patient-centered Pelvic Floor Complication Scale that evaluates complications from both the patient and surgeon perspective.

Methods: Subjects for this prospective study included women older than 18 years planning surgery within 12 weeks or who had undergone PRS more than 6 months ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000705DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Geriatric urinary tract infections: The value of laboratory parameters in estimating the need for bacteremia and Intensive Care Unit.

Pak J Med Sci 2019 Jan-Feb;35(1):215-219

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

Objective: We investigated the geriatric patients diagnosed as urinary tract infection and evaluated the effects of white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil count, platelet, mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, creatine, albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio parameters on estimating the need for bacteremia and intensive care (IC) for the patients with pyelonephritis.

Methods: Between 2016-2017, a total number of 188 patients aged 65 years and above were retrospectively evaluated at the infectious diseases clinic.

Results: The 124 (66%) of the patients were male and 64 (34%) were female. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.97DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408671PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Therapeutic Problems and Pregnancy in a Patient With Infantile Nephropathic Cystinosis: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2019 Mar 3;51(2):545-547. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Transplantation Medicine, Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Cystinosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the abnormal accumulation of cystine in the lysosomes of various tissues and organs leading to their dysfunction. The most common type is the infantile nephropathic cystinosis which without treatment leads to renal failure and before the introduction of cysteamine was the cause of death before puberty.

Case Presentation: A 27-year-old female patient with infantile cystinosis developed end-stage renal disease at the age of 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.12.026DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Arabinoxyloglucan Oligosaccharides May Contribute to the Antiadhesive Properties of Porcine Urine after Cranberry Consumption.

J Nat Prod 2019 Mar 15;82(3):589-605. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of BioMolecular Sciences, Division of Pharmacognosy, and the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy , University of Mississippi , University , Mississippi 38677 , United States.

Cranberry ( Vaccinium macrocarpon) juice is traditionally used for the prevention of urinary tract infections. Human urine produced after cranberry juice consumption can prevent Escherichia coli adhesion, but the antiadhesive urinary metabolites responsible have not been conclusively identified. Adult female sows were therefore fed spray-dried cranberry powder (5 g/kg/day), and urine was collected via catheter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b01043DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Associations between antibiotic prescriptions and recurrent urinary tract infections in female college students.

Epidemiol Infect 2019 Jan;147:e119

Department of Epidemiology,College of Public Health and Health Professions, College of Medicine, University of Florida,Gainesville, FL,USA.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common among college-aged women and often recur. Some antibiotics recommended to treat UTIs trigger dysbiosis of intestinal and vaginal microbiomes - where uropathogens originate, though few studies have investigated associations between these therapies with recurrent infections. We retrospectively analysed the electronic medical records of 6651 college-aged women diagnosed with a UTI at a US university student health centre between 2006 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003369DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Intravesical Extrusion of a Single-Incision Midurethral Sling Anchor With a Simple Transurethral Resection Technique: A Case Report.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

From the Division of Urogynecology, and.

Single-incision midurethral slings were introduced in 2006 with the goal of providing shorter operative time, less postoperative pain, and decreased rates of injury to surrounding structures (eg, bladder and/or obturator nerve). Although unrecognized bladder injury during SIMS placement is a rare complication, it can lead to irritative voiding symptoms and recurrent urinary tract infections. We present the case of minimally invasive approach to remove an extruded sling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000712DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Awareness and practices of menstrual hygiene among females of reproductive age in rural Puducherry - a mixed method study.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Background Menstruation is a physiological process. Unfortunately, there is substantial lacuna in knowledge related to menstrual hygiene among females. Objectives To assess the awareness and prevailing practices of menstrual hygiene, prevalence of symptoms related to genito-urinary tract infection, and the factors influencing menstrual hygiene practices, among women of reproductive age in rural Puducherry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0221DOI Listing
December 2018

Mode of anesthesia and major perioperative outcomes associated with vaginal surgery.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, 395 W 12th Ave, 5th Floor, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The primary aim was to compare the incidence of major perioperative complications in women undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery with general, regional, and monitored anesthesia care using a national database. The secondary aim was to compare length of hospital stay, 30-day readmission rates, urinary tract infections, and reoperation rates between anesthesia types.

Materials And Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to study women undergoing vaginal surgery for pelvic floor disorders from 2006 to 2015 via Current Procedural Terminology codes. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00192-019-03908-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03908-xDOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

The pattern and outcomes of childhood renal diseases at University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria: A 4 year retrospective review.

Niger Postgrad Med J 2019 Jan-Mar;26(1):53-60

Nephrology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria.

Introduction: Renal disorders contribute to childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Therefore, the knowledge of the burden of childhood renal diseases is required for preventive and management purposes. This article determines the pattern and the outcomes of childhood renal diseases seen at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH), Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/npmj.npmj_174_18DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Does urinary tract infection caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli show same antibiotic resistance when it recurs?

J Infect Chemother 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Urology, Korea University Guro Hospital, #148 Gurodong-ro, Guro-gu, Seoul, 152-703, South Korea. Electronic address:

This study was performed to evaluate what percentage of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains recurs with ESBL-producing strains during follow up and to assess the risk factors for recurrence with ESBL-producing Escherichia coli strains on subsequent first recurrence episode. We enrolled female patients with UTIs caused by ESBL-producing E. coli between May 2012 and December 2015, who were longitudinally followed up for at least 24 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.02.006DOI Listing

What can we learn by examining variations in the use of urine culture in the management of acute cystitis? A retrospective cohort study with linked administrative data in British Columbia, Canada, 2005-2011.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(3):e0213534. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common community-based bacterial infections. Empiric antibiotic recommendations are guided by local resistance rates. Previous research suggests that cultures are overused for uncomplicated cystitis, but practice patterns have not been described in detail. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213534PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407775PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Urinary Bother Are Common in Patients Undergoing Elective Cervical Spine Surgery.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 Apr;477(4):872-878

E. G. Lieberman, S. Radoslovich, L. M. Marshall, J. U. Yoo, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urinary bother have been reported in adults undergoing surgery and have been associated with urinary tract infections, longer hospital stays, increased surgical costs, and decreased patient satisfaction. Previous reports indicate that up to one in two patients with lumbar spine pathology have moderate-to-severe LUTS, but little is known about LUTS in patients with cervical spine conditions.

Questions/purposes: (1) What is the prevalence of moderate-to-severe LUTS and clinically relevant urinary bother among patients undergoing elective cervical spine surgery? (2) Does the presence of myelopathy affect frequency of moderate-to-severe LUTS or clinically relevant urinary bother among patients undergoing elective cervical spine surgery? (3) Do MRI findings of spinal cord injury or compression correlate with presence and severity of LUTS?

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using clinical data collected from adult patients undergoing elective cervical spine surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000666DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Female Urethral Diverticula: Diagnosis, Pathology, and Surgical Outcomes at an Academic, Urban Medical Center.

Urology 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center of Catholic Health Services of Long Island, West Islip, NY.

Objective: To describe the outcomes of a series of women diagnosed with a urethral diverticulum at an urban tertiary care center.

Methods: An Institutional Review Board-approved review of a series of 78 women with a diagnosis of urethral diverticulum from 2009 to 2015 was performed. Clinical, radiographic, and pathologic data was collected by retrospective review of patient medical records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.12.052DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Long-term Risk of Neuropsychiatric Disease After Exposure to Infection In Utero.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Centre for Perinatal Medicine & Health, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Importance: The developmental origins of mental illness are incompletely understood. Although the development of autism and schizophrenia are linked to infections during fetal life, it is unknown whether more common psychiatric conditions such as depression might begin in utero.

Objective: To estimate the risk of psychopathologic conditions imparted from fetal exposure to any maternal infection while hospitalized during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0029DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Risk factors of mortality in patients with purple urine bag syndrome.

J Drug Assess 2019 6;8(1):21-24. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is rarely seen in clinical practice. Several studies have reported that PUBS is relatively benign in its clinical course, but this study aimed to identify risk factors for mortality related to PUBS. In a PubMed search from October 1980 to August 2016, using the search term "Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS)", 106 articles (n = 174 cases) were identified. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21556660.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21556660.2019.1579727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394334PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Comparative virulotyping and phylogenomics of isolates from urine samples of men and women suffering urinary tract infections.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2019 Feb;22(2):211-214

Graduated student (DVM), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

Objectives: strains are common pathogens that can cause urinary tract infections (UTI). This study aimed to assess phylogroups and virulence types in male and female UTI patients.

Materials And Methods: In the present study, 160 uropathogenic (UPEC) isolates (from both sexes) were assigned to phylogroups/types and some extraintestinal virulence factors were detected within them by multiplex-PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijbms.2018.28360.6880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396991PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Benefits of annual chemotherapeutic control of schistosomiasis on the development of protective immunity.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 4;19(1):219. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Schistosomiasis is a devastating parasitic disease. The mainstay of schistosomiasis control is by praziquantel treatment. The study aimed to determine benefits of annual chemotherapy of schistosomiasis on development of protective immunity in school children in a selected endemic rural area in Zimbabwe. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3811-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398226PMC
March 2019
5 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor