38,125 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Females


Recurrent Idiopathic Sweet Syndrome - Case Report and Literature Review.

Curr Health Sci J 2020 Jan-Mar;46(1):90-98. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Pathology, Emergency County Hospital, Craiova, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

Introduction: Sweet syndrome (SS), also denominated as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is a rare disease characterized by the sudden onset of painful, erythematous, firm skin lesions (papules, plaques, and nodules) which show, upon histologic examination, the presence of a diffuse infiltrate of mature neutrophils. The cutaneous manifestation typically involves the face, neck, trunk, and upper limbs and is associated with fever, general malaise, arthralgia.

Case Report: A female patient, 60 years old, attended the Dermatology Clinic due to the appearance of violaceous erythematous-oedematous infiltrated plaques, located on the face, neck, upper limbs, trunk and knees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12865/CHSJ.46.01.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323719PMC

Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of uropathogens in outpatients at a tertiary care hospital.

New Microbes New Infect 2020 Jul 13;36:100716. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, The University of Haripur, Haripur, Pakistan.

Globally, urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered a major public health concern and the second most common bacterial infection affecting individuals of different ages. Bacteria are responsible for about 95% of UTIs. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance in uropathogens may lead to poor treatment outcomes in individuals with UTIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100716DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330609PMC

Clinical spectrum, prognosis and estimated prevalence of DNAJB11-kidney disease.

Kidney Int 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Nephrology, Hemodialysis and Renal Transplantation, University Hospital, Brest, France; Univ Brest, F-29200 Brest, France; National Institute for Research in Health Science (INSERM) UMR 1078, "Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnologies," Brest, France. Electronic address:

Monoallelic mutations of DNAJB11 were recently described in seven pedigrees with atypical clinical presentations of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. DNAJB11 encodes one of the main cofactors of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperon BiP, a heat-shock protein required for efficient protein folding and trafficking. Here we conducted an international collaborative study to better characterize the DNAJB11-associated phenotype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.02.022DOI Listing

Observation of intracellular bacterial communities in urinary sediment using brightfield microscopy; a case report.

BMC Urol 2020 Jul 6;20(1):89. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Laboratorio de Inmunobiología y Diagnóstico Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Químico Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Av. Lázaro Cárdenas s/n, University City, C.P.39090, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Mexico.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually related to the presence of Escherichia coli, a microorganism that adopts an intracellular life-style during the pathogenesis of cystitis. Evidence of the underlying mechanism in urothelial cells from urine samples has been reported. However, intracellular communities have not yet been described in squamous cells in fresh samples stained with Sternheimer-Malbin method, thus, we have provided these descriptions in this case report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-020-00661-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339558PMC

[Clinical approach and prognosis of continuous neurological care after intensive care for the patients with severe and refractory anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jul;100(25):1937-1941

Department of Neurology, Yuquan Hospital, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100040, China.

To study the clinical features, continuous care and prognosis of the patients with severe and refractory anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis after intensive care unit (ICU). Clinical data of patients with severe and refractory anti-NMDAR encephalitis, who were transferred from ICU to general ward of neurology between December 2015 and October 2019, were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed in the study. Twenty patients (11 females and 9 males) were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20191219-02776DOI Listing

Unconventional Use Of The Lithoclast To Aid In The Treatment of Large Distal Ureteral Stone Burden In A Patient With A Ureterocele.

Urology 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Introduction: Large ureteral stone burden can present significant challenges for the urologist to treat. Here we present the retrograde use of the Lithoclast Select , in a dilated distal ureter after incision of a ureterocele.

Methods: The patient is a 64 year-old female with large distal ureteral stone burden, with approximately 15 1-2cm stones . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.06.027DOI Listing

Genomic and phylogenetic analysis of a community-acquired extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli ST429 strain recovered from a urinary tract infection.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs). The increasing dissemination of Extended Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) producing E.coli strains in the community renders clinical treatment difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2020.06.015DOI Listing

Interstitial Cystitis or Painful Bladder Syndrome in a Premenopausal Female Precipitated by Oral Combined Contraceptives.

Cureus 2020 May 29;12(5):e8348. Epub 2020 May 29.

Clinical Sciences, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA.

It has been well documented that female sex is a significant risk factor for the development of various autoimmune diseases. While the reason for this has been debated, one well-regarded theory is that increased estrogen and decreased testosterone play a role in this predisposition. Interstitial cystitis (IC), also known as painful bladder syndrome (PBS), is an autoimmune disorder that affects over nine million women in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325412PMC

Predictors of Poor Response and Adverse Events Following Botulinum Toxin A for Refractory Idiopathic Overactive Bladder: A Systematic Review.

Eur Urol Focus 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Urology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Guy's Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address:

Context: Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injections are effective in managing refractory overactive bladder (OAB). However, some patients exhibit a poor response and/or experience adverse events (AEs) such as voiding dysfunction necessitating clean intermittent self-catheterisation (CISC) and urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Objective: To systematically evaluate whether poor response/AEs to BTX-A for idiopathic OAB are predictable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euf.2020.06.013DOI Listing

Impact of Long-Term and Low-Dose Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Gut Microbiota in Children.

J Urol 2020 Jul 2:101097JU0000000000001227. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of long-term low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis on children's gut microbiota.

Materials And Methods: 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing was conducted using stool samples of 35 infants (median age, 5.2 months; male/female ratio, 17:18) under 3 years old who underwent antibiotic treatment during the acute phase of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JU.0000000000001227DOI Listing

Bacterial associated urinary tract infection, risk factors, and drug susceptibility profile among adult people living with HIV at Haswassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Southern Esthiopia.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 1;10(1):10790. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

School of Medical Laboratory Science, Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Awassa, Ethiopia.

People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more likely to develop urinary tract infections (UTI) due to the suppression of their immunity. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors of UTI, and drug susceptibility pattern of bacteria isolated among peoples infected with HIV. A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 224 HIV positive individuals attending Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (HUCSH) from September 17 to November 16, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67840-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330024PMC

An Unexpected Complication After Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Emphysematous Pyelitis.

Cureus 2020 May 27;12(5):e8307. Epub 2020 May 27.

Urology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, TUR.

Emphysematous urinary tract infections (UTI) are life-threatening conditions caused by gas-forming organisms. Emphysematous pyelitis (EP) is a rare, acute bacterial UTI characterized by gas formation only in the renal collecting system. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment was performed for 10-mm sized stone in the left renal pelvis in an 81-year-old female patient with no known comorbidities other than hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320654PMC

Microorganisms and antibiotic susceptibilities isolated from urine cultures.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Jun 24;92(2). Epub 2020 Jun 24.

University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Bursa.

Objectives: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second most common cause of infection among all infectious diseases at hospitals. Antibiogram results are needed to maintain treatment in patients with suspected UTI. However, empirical antibiotic treatment is initiated in patients since it takes time to obtain the results of antibiograms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2020.2.146DOI Listing

Predicting length of stay in head and neck patients who undergo free flap reconstruction.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 28;5(3):461-467. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Otolaryngology Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Boston Massachusetts USA.

Objective: Understanding factors that affect postoperative length of stay (LOS) may improve patient recovery, hasten postoperative discharge, and minimize institutional costs. This study sought to (a) describe LOS among head and neck patients undergoing free flap reconstruction and (b) identify factors that predict increased LOS.

Methods: A retrospective cohort was performed of 282 head and neck patients with free flap reconstruction for oncologic resection between 2011 and 2013 at a tertiary academic medical center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314462PMC

Incidence and risk factors of in-hospital prosthesis-related complications following total hip arthroplasty: a retrospective Nationwide Inpatient Sample database study.

Int Orthop 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou, 510515, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: The occurrence of prosthesis-related complications (PRCs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is devastating, commonly meaning implant failure and revision surgery. The purpose was to examine the incidence and risk factors of in-hospital PRCs following THA using a large-scale national database.

Methods: A retrospective database analysis was performed based on Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2005 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-020-04682-yDOI Listing

Case report: An unusual presentation of acute promyelocytic leukemia in a middle aged female mimicking dengue infection.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e21011

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Bronx Care Health System, Affiliated With Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1650 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY.

Rationale: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is an uncommon subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). M3v phenotype is a less common presentation of APL and these patients usually present with leukocytosis and abnormal promyelocytes that are characterized by sparse granulation and are less likely to have faggot cells with multiple Auer rods. Distinguishing M3v phenotype from acute febrile illness can be challenging as the diagnosis relies on examination of peripheral smear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328946PMC
June 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

Poor bladder compliance due to malacoplakia with xanthogranulomatous cystitis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e20852

Continence Research Clinic, The Central Hosptial of Shaoyang, Shaoyang, China.

Rationale: Either malacoplakia or xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare chronic infection disease of urinary bladder, which often mimics bladder masses undifferentiated from malignance and results in severe lower urinary tract symptoms. The malacoplakia combined with XC is even rarer in the literature.

Patient Concerns: A 64-year-old female, who presented with nocturia, frequency of micturition, severe urgency with occasional urinary incontinence, and recurrent hematuria for >2 years, was diagnosed with azotemia and anemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020852DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328967PMC

Comparison of short-term outcomes following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in male and female patients using the MBSAQIP database.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: Male sex has long been identified as a risk factor for adverse outcomes, including mortality, after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare short-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGB based on biologic sex.

Setting: Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.045DOI Listing

Sexual Dysfunction in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 22;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetology and Nephrology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Sexual dysfunctions (SD) are chronic complications that can develop due to vascular complications or autonomic neuropathy. Additionally, such complications can be of hormonal, infectious or psychogenic etiology.

Objectives: The aim of study was to assess the sexual function and acceptance of the chronic disease in young sexually active women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124468DOI Listing

Frequency and Mortality Risk Factors of Acute Ischemic Stroke in Emergency Department in Burkina Faso.

Stroke Res Treat 2020 11;2020:9745206. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of ischemic stroke deaths and their predictive factors in the Emergency Department at Yalgado Ouedraogo University Teaching Hospital (YOUTH). . This was a retrospective study with an analytical and descriptive focus over a period of three years from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9745206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305528PMC

Isolation of thymidine-dependent and extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli small-colony variant from urine of a septuagenarian female patient with recurrent cystitis: A case report with genetic investigation.

J Infect Chemother 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Kansai Medical University Medical Center, Moriguchi, 570-8507, Japan.

Thymidine-dependent small-colony variant (TD-SCV) of Escherichia coli was isolated from urine of a septuagenarian female patient on hemodialysis suffering from recurrent cystitis. The patient had been treated with frequent administrations of trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (SXT), every time her cystitis symptoms developed. In the TD-SCV isolate, the deletion was detected in the thyA gene associated with thymidylate synthase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2020.05.013DOI Listing

Deficits in urological knowledge and skills among family medicine residents in Canada.

Can Urol Assoc J 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Urology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Introduction: The last 10-15 years has seen a decline in formal undergraduate urological education throughout Canada. Given the large volume of urological presentations in family practice, trainees need to acquire the requisite urological knowledge and skills to serve their patients. The objective of this study is to determine the perceived level of urological knowledge and skills among Canadian family medicine residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.6428DOI Listing

Renal salvage, an achievable goal in patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis: Outcomes of an algorithmic renal preserving strategy.

Urol Ann 2020 Apr-Jun;12(2):156-162. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Emergency nephrectomy has been the time-honored treatment of choice for emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), a fatal gas-forming necrotizing infection. Recent years have seen a shift toward nonextirpative approach aimed to achieve higher rates of renal salvage, limiting the indications for nephrectomy to severe grades of the disease. This study aimed at analyzing the role of initial renal preserving measures algorithmically applied across grades of EPN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/UA.UA_67_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292438PMC

Laparoscopic Vascular Hitch for Polar Vessels in Pyeloureteric Junction Obstruction: Medium-Term Follow-up of a Monocentric Experience.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, CHU de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.

Introduction:  To evaluate medium-term results of the management of patients with pyeloureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) secondary to lower pole vessels managed by a laparoscopic vascular hitch technique.

Materials And Methods:  We performed a retrospective monocentric study of all patients who were operated using this technique, transperitoneal laparoscopy (TL) or robotic surgery (RS), from 2011 to 2018. Description of the initial population, pre- and postoperative data was collected and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713177DOI Listing

Vulvar pain: The revealing scenario of leading comorbidities in 1183 cases.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 May 30;252:50-55. Epub 2020 May 30.

ASP 7, Ragusa Hospital, Italy.

Objectives: This study set out to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and comorbidities of chronic vulvar pain. Secondary goals were to identify the preferred approaches for managing vulvodynia in Italy.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study (the VuNet -Vulvodynia Network project) was performed in consecutive female patients with chronic vulvar pain attending 21 Italian medical centers (public hospitals, university clinics and private outpatient services) in the period December 2016 to November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.05.052DOI Listing

Robot-Assisted Pyeloureterostomy in the Treatment of the Lower Pole Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in an Incomplete Duplicated System.

Urology 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Division of Urology, University of São Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Hospital Moriah, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe the surgical treatment of a patient harboring a ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the lower unit of an incomplete duplicated collecting system.

Methods: A female patient with 32-year old presented a progressively increasing left lumbar pain for 1 year and urinary tract infections for the past 10 years. Computed tomography demonstrated a ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the lower unit of an incomplete duplicated urinary collecting system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.071DOI Listing

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) in the NeuroICU: Identification of Risk Factors and Time-to-CAUTI Using a Case-Control Design.

Neurocrit Care 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Background/objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) account for 25% of all hospital-acquired infections. Neuro-critically ill patients are at 2-5 times greater risk of developing CAUTI because of increased use of indwelling urinary catheters due to neurogenic urinary retention. Despite the heightened risk of CAUTI occurrence for the neuro-critically ill, there is little data on specific characteristics of CAUTIs and risk factors among this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-020-01020-3DOI Listing

Adult urolithiasis in Western Algeria: a study of 1104 cases.

Tunis Med 2020 May;98(5):396-403

Introduction: Urolithiasis is a health problem that is increasing all over the world as in Algeria, but with scarce local data.

Aim: To determine, for the first time, the epidemiological characteristics of urolithiasis in western Algeria.

Methods: We determined the socio-demographic parameters, the clinical data, and those related to stones of 1104 adult stone formers (2012-2019). Read More

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Age and gender-specific antibiotic resistance patterns among Bangladeshi patients with urinary tract infection caused by .

Heliyon 2020 Jun 8;6(6):e04161. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health, North South University, Dhaka, 1229, Bangladesh.

Background: In Bangladesh, treatment for urinary tract infection has become increasingly difficult due to antibiotic resistance. In addition, the prescription of age and gender-specific drugs is still far from being practiced in Bangladesh. We are examining trends of antibiotic resistance per age and gender in patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by the most frequent agent, . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7286969PMC

Microbial Resistance in Urinary Tract Infections.

Cureus 2020 May 14;12(5):e8110. Epub 2020 May 14.

Internal Medicine, Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, PAK.

Objective To determine the pattern of microbes responsible for urinary tract infections and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Methods This was a prospective, observational study conducted at Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The urine samples of 440 patients were collected and sent for culture and sensitivity analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292691PMC

Vaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation Using Tissue Anchoring System Versus a Traditional Technique for Women With Apical Vaginal Prolapse: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Toluca, Mexico.

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the tissue anchoring system (TAS) kit versus the traditional technique for sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) to treat apical vaginal wall prolapse.

Methods: A prospective randomized controlled multicenter study of noninferiority involving women with apical prolapse (C-point≥+1). Primary outcome is surgical success as C-point≤-4 at the 1-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000897DOI Listing

Short-Term Outcomes of Vaginal Hysterectomy at the Time of Robotic Sacrocolpopexy.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Objective: With the introduction of robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) at our institution in 2008, we noted a reduction in residents' vaginal hysterectomy (VH) experience. In 2012, we made a transition to perform VH on all robotic sacrocolpopexies. Our objective was to report our short-term outcomes and adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000898DOI Listing

Effective Prevention of Recurrent UTIs With Vaginal Estrogen: Pearls for a Urological Approach to Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause.

Urology 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

IntimMedicine Specialists, Washington, DC; Department of Urology, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Objective: To review the available data related to the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) in postmenopausal women with vaginal estrogen preparations and provide the urologic community with the confidence to identify and treat genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM).

Materials And Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was performed to identify studies utilizing vaginal estrogen in the treatment of urological conditions related to rUTI and GSM.

Results: In the setting of untreated GSM, the etiology of rUTIs (at least 3 episodes of UTIs in 12 months or at least 2 episodes in 6 months) is not fully elucidated, but estrogen deficiency is a contributing factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.058DOI Listing

Sex Differences in Kidney Stone Disease in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Kidney Dis (Basel) 2020 May 28;6(3):195-203. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of kidney stone disease (KSD) among the Chinese population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and identify sex-specific factors associated with KSD.

Methods: A single-center, cross-sectional analysis was performed among Chinese patients with T2DM. KSD was identified by ultrasonography or computed tomography results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265720PMC

Epidemiological characteristics of spinal cord injury in Northwest China: a single hospital-based study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2020 Jun 9;15(1):214. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Spinal Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.76, Nanguo Road, Beilin District, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China.

Background: While the cities in China in which spinal cord injury (SCI) studies have been conducted previously are at the forefront of medical care, northwest China is relatively underdeveloped economically, and the epidemiological characteristics of SCI have rarely been reported in this region.

Methods: The SCI epidemiological survey software developed was used to analyze the data of patients treated with SCI from 2014 to 2018. The sociodemographic characteristics of patients, including name, age, sex, and occupation, were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01729-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285705PMC

Factors associated with in-hospital death in patients with nosocomial infections: a registry-based study using community data in western Iran.

Epidemiol Health 2020 1;42:e2020037. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Objectives: Determining the predictors of in-hospital death related to nosocomial infections is an essential part of efforts made in the overall health system to improve the delivery of health care to patients. Therefore, this study investigated the predictors of in-hospital death related to nosocomial infections.

Methods: This registry-based, longitudinal study analyzed data on 8,895 hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) in Hamadan Province, Iran from March 2017 to December 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020037DOI Listing

A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study Comparing Urethral Diverticulectomy with and without Pubovaginal Sling.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, MedStar Washington Hospital, Center/Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the clinical presentation, outcomes, complications and diverticulum recurrence rates in women who underwent urethral diverticulectomy with versus without a concurrent pubovaginal sling.

Study Design: This multi-center retrospective cohort study included women who underwent urethral diverticulectomy between Jan 1, 2000 - Dec 31, 2016. Subjects were identified by Current Procedure Terminology code and records reviewed for demographics, medical/surgical history, symptoms, preoperative testing, concomitant surgeries, and postoperative outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.06.002DOI Listing

Optimal timing of a second post-operative voiding trial in women with incomplete bladder emptying after vaginal reconstructive surgery: A randomized trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Departments of Urology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest Baptist Health. Electronic address:

Objective: We aimed to compare the outcomes of a second voiding trial (VT) performed 2-4 days (earlier group) versus 7 days (later group) post-operatively in women with incomplete bladder emptying following vaginal prolapse surgery. Secondary aims included post-operative urinary tract infection (UTI) rates, total days with a catheter, and patient reported catheter bother between groups.

Study Design: Across two sites, women undergoing multi-compartment vaginal repair were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Draft Genome Sequence of Escherichia coli UMB1353, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Bioinformatics Program, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Here, we present the draft genome sequence of UMB1353, isolated from a patient with a urinary tract infection. The sequence of this antibiotic-resistant strain contains one intact P2-like phage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00416-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272557PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus crispatus UMB1163, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

is a Gram-positive bacterium shown to protect against urinary and vaginal infections. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of UMB1163, isolated from the female urinary tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00404-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272555PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Actinomyces neuii UMB1295, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

is an opportunistic pathogen. Within the urogenital tract, it has been associated with bacterial vaginosis and overactive bladder symptoms. Here, we investigate a draft genome sequence of UMB1295, which was isolated from a catheterized urine sample from a woman with a urinary tract infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00402-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272554PMC

D-mannose vs other agents for recurrent urinary tract infection prevention in adult women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Public Health Sciences, St. Louis, MO.

Objective: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether D-mannose reduces urinary tract infection (UTI) recurrence (i.e. cumulative incidence) in adult women with recurrent UTI compared to other prevention agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.05.048DOI Listing

Impact of Diabetes on Complications, Long Term Mortality and Recurrence in 608,890 Hospitalised Patients with Stroke.

Glob Heart 2020 Feb 6;15(1). Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Ageing Clinical and Experimental Research (ACER) Team, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have been found to be at an increased risk of suffering a stroke. However, research on the impact of DM on stroke outcomes is limited.

Objectives: We aimed to examine the influence of DM on outcomes in ischaemic (IS) and haemorrhagic stroke (HS) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218766PMC
February 2020

Surgical Conservative Treatment for Endometrial Cancer in Women of Reproductive Age: Incidence of Urinary Tract Symptoms.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jun;40(6):3065-3069

First Department of Surgery, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy. The mainstay of treatment for endometrial cancer is total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Radiation and chemotherapy accompanied with progestins can also play a significant role in treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14287DOI Listing

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Can Masquerade as Acute Postoperative Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

Cureus 2020 Apr 27;12(4):e7857. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Academic Orthopaedic Department, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, GRC.

Fever etiology during the first postoperative days following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be challenging to solve. Early periprosthetic joint infection is the main reason; however, other equally important causes must be excluded such as thrombosis, deep venous thrombosis, and chest or urinary tract infections. We report the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with high fever reaching 39°C, fatigue, and myalgia lasting for a week after a fully cemented primary TKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255085PMC

Dapagliflozin-associated euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(21):e20228

Department of Internal Medicine, Hansung Union Internal Medicine Clinic and Dialysis Center, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Rare cases of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (eu-DKA) have been reported after the administration of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors. No reports have described eu-DKA complicated by hypernatremia due to SGLT-2 inhibitors.

Patient Concerns: A 76-year-old woman with a 40-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), for which metformin (1000 mg/day) and dapagliflozin (10 mg/day) were prescribed, presented with malaise, fever, and oliguria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020228DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249933PMC

Urinary catheterisation of female dogs: a comparison between three techniques for catheter placement.

Aust Vet J 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Director at Veterinary Specialist Services, 24/34 Goggs Road, Jindalee, Queensland, 4074, Australia.

The objective of this study was to describe a new technique for urinary catheterisation of female dogs using a novel catheterisation device (NCD) and to compare the time taken to place a catheter using this technique with traditional techniques. A secondary objective was to survey participants on which of the techniques they preferred. Female canine cadavers of varying sizes were utilised and veterinary students who had not previously placed a urinary catheter were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12961DOI Listing