37,867 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Female


Impact of Long-Term and Low-Dose Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Gut Microbiota in Children.

J Urol 2020 Jul 2:101097JU0000000000001227. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of long-term low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis on children's gut microbiota.

Materials And Methods: 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing was conducted using stool samples of 35 infants (median age, 5.2 months; male/female ratio, 17:18) under 3 years old who underwent antibiotic treatment during the acute phase of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JU.0000000000001227DOI Listing

Bacterial associated urinary tract infection, risk factors, and drug susceptibility profile among adult people living with HIV at Haswassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Southern Esthiopia.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 1;10(1):10790. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

School of Medical Laboratory Science, Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Awassa, Ethiopia.

People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more likely to develop urinary tract infections (UTI) due to the suppression of their immunity. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors of UTI, and drug susceptibility pattern of bacteria isolated among peoples infected with HIV. A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 224 HIV positive individuals attending Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (HUCSH) from September 17 to November 16, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67840-7DOI Listing

An Unexpected Complication After Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Emphysematous Pyelitis.

Cureus 2020 May 27;12(5):e8307. Epub 2020 May 27.

Urology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, TUR.

Emphysematous urinary tract infections (UTI) are life-threatening conditions caused by gas-forming organisms. Emphysematous pyelitis (EP) is a rare, acute bacterial UTI characterized by gas formation only in the renal collecting system. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment was performed for 10-mm sized stone in the left renal pelvis in an 81-year-old female patient with no known comorbidities other than hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320654PMC

Microorganisms and antibiotic susceptibilities isolated from urine cultures.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Jun 24;92(2). Epub 2020 Jun 24.

University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Bursa.

Objectives: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second most common cause of infection among all infectious diseases at hospitals. Antibiogram results are needed to maintain treatment in patients with suspected UTI. However, empirical antibiotic treatment is initiated in patients since it takes time to obtain the results of antibiograms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2020.2.146DOI Listing

Predicting length of stay in head and neck patients who undergo free flap reconstruction.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 28;5(3):461-467. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Otolaryngology Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Boston Massachusetts USA.

Objective: Understanding factors that affect postoperative length of stay (LOS) may improve patient recovery, hasten postoperative discharge, and minimize institutional costs. This study sought to (a) describe LOS among head and neck patients undergoing free flap reconstruction and (b) identify factors that predict increased LOS.

Methods: A retrospective cohort was performed of 282 head and neck patients with free flap reconstruction for oncologic resection between 2011 and 2013 at a tertiary academic medical center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314462PMC

Incidence and risk factors of in-hospital prosthesis-related complications following total hip arthroplasty: a retrospective Nationwide Inpatient Sample database study.

Int Orthop 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou, 510515, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: The occurrence of prosthesis-related complications (PRCs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is devastating, commonly meaning implant failure and revision surgery. The purpose was to examine the incidence and risk factors of in-hospital PRCs following THA using a large-scale national database.

Methods: A retrospective database analysis was performed based on Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2005 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-020-04682-yDOI Listing

Case report: An unusual presentation of acute promyelocytic leukemia in a middle aged female mimicking dengue infection.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e21011

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Bronx Care Health System, Affiliated With Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1650 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY.

Rationale: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is an uncommon subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). M3v phenotype is a less common presentation of APL and these patients usually present with leukocytosis and abnormal promyelocytes that are characterized by sparse granulation and are less likely to have faggot cells with multiple Auer rods. Distinguishing M3v phenotype from acute febrile illness can be challenging as the diagnosis relies on examination of peripheral smear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021011DOI Listing

Poor bladder compliance due to malacoplakia with xanthogranulomatous cystitis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e20852

Continence Research Clinic, The Central Hosptial of Shaoyang, Shaoyang, China.

Rationale: Either malacoplakia or xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare chronic infection disease of urinary bladder, which often mimics bladder masses undifferentiated from malignance and results in severe lower urinary tract symptoms. The malacoplakia combined with XC is even rarer in the literature.

Patient Concerns: A 64-year-old female, who presented with nocturia, frequency of micturition, severe urgency with occasional urinary incontinence, and recurrent hematuria for >2 years, was diagnosed with azotemia and anemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020852DOI Listing

Comparison of short-term outcomes following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in male and female patients using the MBSAQIP database.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: Male sex has long been identified as a risk factor for adverse outcomes, including mortality, after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare short-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGB based on biologic sex.

Setting: Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.045DOI Listing

Sexual Dysfunction in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 22;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetology and Nephrology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Sexual dysfunctions (SD) are chronic complications that can develop due to vascular complications or autonomic neuropathy. Additionally, such complications can be of hormonal, infectious or psychogenic etiology.

Objectives: The aim of study was to assess the sexual function and acceptance of the chronic disease in young sexually active women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124468DOI Listing

Frequency and Mortality Risk Factors of Acute Ischemic Stroke in Emergency Department in Burkina Faso.

Stroke Res Treat 2020 11;2020:9745206. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of ischemic stroke deaths and their predictive factors in the Emergency Department at Yalgado Ouedraogo University Teaching Hospital (YOUTH). . This was a retrospective study with an analytical and descriptive focus over a period of three years from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9745206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305528PMC

Isolation of thymidine-dependent and extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli small-colony variant from urine of a septuagenarian female patient with recurrent cystitis: A case report with genetic investigation.

J Infect Chemother 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Kansai Medical University Medical Center, Moriguchi, 570-8507, Japan.

Thymidine-dependent small-colony variant (TD-SCV) of Escherichia coli was isolated from urine of a septuagenarian female patient on hemodialysis suffering from recurrent cystitis. The patient had been treated with frequent administrations of trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (SXT), every time her cystitis symptoms developed. In the TD-SCV isolate, the deletion was detected in the thyA gene associated with thymidylate synthase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2020.05.013DOI Listing

Deficits in urological knowledge and skills among family medicine residents in Canada.

Can Urol Assoc J 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Urology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Introduction: The last 10-15 years has seen a decline in formal undergraduate urological education throughout Canada. Given the large volume of urological presentations in family practice, trainees need to acquire the requisite urological knowledge and skills to serve their patients. The objective of this study is to determine the perceived level of urological knowledge and skills among Canadian family medicine residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.6428DOI Listing

Renal salvage, an achievable goal in patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis: Outcomes of an algorithmic renal preserving strategy.

Urol Ann 2020 Apr-Jun;12(2):156-162. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Emergency nephrectomy has been the time-honored treatment of choice for emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), a fatal gas-forming necrotizing infection. Recent years have seen a shift toward nonextirpative approach aimed to achieve higher rates of renal salvage, limiting the indications for nephrectomy to severe grades of the disease. This study aimed at analyzing the role of initial renal preserving measures algorithmically applied across grades of EPN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/UA.UA_67_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292438PMC

Vulvar pain: The revealing scenario of leading comorbidities in 1183 cases.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 May 30;252:50-55. Epub 2020 May 30.

ASP 7, Ragusa Hospital, Italy.

Objectives: This study set out to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and comorbidities of chronic vulvar pain. Secondary goals were to identify the preferred approaches for managing vulvodynia in Italy.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study (the VuNet -Vulvodynia Network project) was performed in consecutive female patients with chronic vulvar pain attending 21 Italian medical centers (public hospitals, university clinics and private outpatient services) in the period December 2016 to November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.05.052DOI Listing

Robot-assisted Pyeloureterostomy in the Treatment of the Lower Pole Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in an Incomplete Duplicated System.

Urology 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Urology, University of São Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Hospital Moriah, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe the surgical treatment of a patient harboring a ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in the lower unit of an incomplete duplicated collecting system.

Methods: A female patient with 32-years old presented a progressively increasing left lumbar pain for 1 year and urinary tract infections (UTI) for the past 10 years. Computed tomography demonstrated a UPJO in the lower unit of an incomplete duplicated urinary collecting system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.071DOI Listing

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) in the NeuroICU: Identification of Risk Factors and Time-to-CAUTI Using a Case-Control Design.

Neurocrit Care 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Background/objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) account for 25% of all hospital-acquired infections. Neuro-critically ill patients are at 2-5 times greater risk of developing CAUTI because of increased use of indwelling urinary catheters due to neurogenic urinary retention. Despite the heightened risk of CAUTI occurrence for the neuro-critically ill, there is little data on specific characteristics of CAUTIs and risk factors among this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-020-01020-3DOI Listing

Microbial Resistance in Urinary Tract Infections.

Cureus 2020 May 14;12(5):e8110. Epub 2020 May 14.

Internal Medicine, Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, PAK.

Objective To determine the pattern of microbes responsible for urinary tract infections and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Methods This was a prospective, observational study conducted at Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The urine samples of 440 patients were collected and sent for culture and sensitivity analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292691PMC

Vaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation Using Tissue Anchoring System Versus a Traditional Technique for Women With Apical Vaginal Prolapse: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Toluca, Mexico.

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the tissue anchoring system (TAS) kit versus the traditional technique for sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) to treat apical vaginal wall prolapse.

Methods: A prospective randomized controlled multicenter study of noninferiority involving women with apical prolapse (C-point≥+1). Primary outcome is surgical success as C-point≤-4 at the 1-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000897DOI Listing

Short-Term Outcomes of Vaginal Hysterectomy at the Time of Robotic Sacrocolpopexy.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Objective: With the introduction of robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) at our institution in 2008, we noted a reduction in residents' vaginal hysterectomy (VH) experience. In 2012, we made a transition to perform VH on all robotic sacrocolpopexies. Our objective was to report our short-term outcomes and adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000898DOI Listing

Sex Differences in Kidney Stone Disease in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Kidney Dis (Basel) 2020 May 28;6(3):195-203. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of kidney stone disease (KSD) among the Chinese population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and identify sex-specific factors associated with KSD.

Methods: A single-center, cross-sectional analysis was performed among Chinese patients with T2DM. KSD was identified by ultrasonography or computed tomography results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265720PMC

Epidemiological characteristics of spinal cord injury in Northwest China: a single hospital-based study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2020 Jun 9;15(1):214. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Spinal Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.76, Nanguo Road, Beilin District, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China.

Background: While the cities in China in which spinal cord injury (SCI) studies have been conducted previously are at the forefront of medical care, northwest China is relatively underdeveloped economically, and the epidemiological characteristics of SCI have rarely been reported in this region.

Methods: The SCI epidemiological survey software developed was used to analyze the data of patients treated with SCI from 2014 to 2018. The sociodemographic characteristics of patients, including name, age, sex, and occupation, were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01729-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285705PMC

Factors associated with in-hospital death in patients with nosocomial infections: a registry-based study using community data in western Iran.

Epidemiol Health 2020 1;42:e2020037. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Objectives: Determining the predictors of in-hospital death related to nosocomial infections is an essential part of efforts made in the overall health system to improve the delivery of health care to patients. Therefore, this study investigated the predictors of in-hospital death related to nosocomial infections.

Methods: This registry-based, longitudinal study analyzed data on 8,895 hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) in Hamadan Province, Iran from March 2017 to December 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020037DOI Listing

A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study Comparing Urethral Diverticulectomy with and without Pubovaginal Sling.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, MedStar Washington Hospital, Center/Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the clinical presentation, outcomes, complications and diverticulum recurrence rates in women who underwent urethral diverticulectomy with versus without a concurrent pubovaginal sling.

Study Design: This multi-center retrospective cohort study included women who underwent urethral diverticulectomy between Jan 1, 2000 - Dec 31, 2016. Subjects were identified by Current Procedure Terminology code and records reviewed for demographics, medical/surgical history, symptoms, preoperative testing, concomitant surgeries, and postoperative outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.06.002DOI Listing

Optimal timing of a second post-operative voiding trial in women with incomplete bladder emptying after vaginal reconstructive surgery: A randomized trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Departments of Urology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest Baptist Health. Electronic address:

Objective: We aimed to compare the outcomes of a second voiding trial (VT) performed 2-4 days (earlier group) versus 7 days (later group) post-operatively in women with incomplete bladder emptying following vaginal prolapse surgery. Secondary aims included post-operative urinary tract infection (UTI) rates, total days with a catheter, and patient reported catheter bother between groups.

Study Design: Across two sites, women undergoing multi-compartment vaginal repair were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Draft Genome Sequence of Escherichia coli UMB1353, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Bioinformatics Program, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Here, we present the draft genome sequence of UMB1353, isolated from a patient with a urinary tract infection. The sequence of this antibiotic-resistant strain contains one intact P2-like phage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00416-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272557PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus crispatus UMB1163, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

is a Gram-positive bacterium shown to protect against urinary and vaginal infections. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of UMB1163, isolated from the female urinary tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00404-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272555PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Actinomyces neuii UMB1295, Isolated from the Female Urinary Tract.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jun 4;9(23). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

is an opportunistic pathogen. Within the urogenital tract, it has been associated with bacterial vaginosis and overactive bladder symptoms. Here, we investigate a draft genome sequence of UMB1295, which was isolated from a catheterized urine sample from a woman with a urinary tract infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00402-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272554PMC

D-mannose vs other agents for recurrent urinary tract infection prevention in adult women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Public Health Sciences, St. Louis, MO.

Objective: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether D-mannose reduces urinary tract infection (UTI) recurrence (i.e. cumulative incidence) in adult women with recurrent UTI compared to other prevention agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.05.048DOI Listing

Impact of Diabetes on Complications, Long Term Mortality and Recurrence in 608,890 Hospitalised Patients with Stroke.

Glob Heart 2020 Feb 6;15(1). Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Ageing Clinical and Experimental Research (ACER) Team, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have been found to be at an increased risk of suffering a stroke. However, research on the impact of DM on stroke outcomes is limited.

Objectives: We aimed to examine the influence of DM on outcomes in ischaemic (IS) and haemorrhagic stroke (HS) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218766PMC
February 2020

Surgical Conservative Treatment for Endometrial Cancer in Women of Reproductive Age: Incidence of Urinary Tract Symptoms.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jun;40(6):3065-3069

First Department of Surgery, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy. The mainstay of treatment for endometrial cancer is total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Radiation and chemotherapy accompanied with progestins can also play a significant role in treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14287DOI Listing

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Can Masquerade as Acute Postoperative Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

Cureus 2020 Apr 27;12(4):e7857. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Academic Orthopaedic Department, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, GRC.

Fever etiology during the first postoperative days following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be challenging to solve. Early periprosthetic joint infection is the main reason; however, other equally important causes must be excluded such as thrombosis, deep venous thrombosis, and chest or urinary tract infections. We report the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with high fever reaching 39°C, fatigue, and myalgia lasting for a week after a fully cemented primary TKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255085PMC

Dapagliflozin-associated euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(21):e20228

Department of Internal Medicine, Hansung Union Internal Medicine Clinic and Dialysis Center, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Rare cases of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (eu-DKA) have been reported after the administration of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors. No reports have described eu-DKA complicated by hypernatremia due to SGLT-2 inhibitors.

Patient Concerns: A 76-year-old woman with a 40-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), for which metformin (1000 mg/day) and dapagliflozin (10 mg/day) were prescribed, presented with malaise, fever, and oliguria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020228DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249933PMC

Urinary catheterisation of female dogs: a comparison between three techniques for catheter placement.

Aust Vet J 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Director at Veterinary Specialist Services, 24/34 Goggs Road, Jindalee, Queensland, 4074, Australia.

The objective of this study was to describe a new technique for urinary catheterisation of female dogs using a novel catheterisation device (NCD) and to compare the time taken to place a catheter using this technique with traditional techniques. A secondary objective was to survey participants on which of the techniques they preferred. Female canine cadavers of varying sizes were utilised and veterinary students who had not previously placed a urinary catheter were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12961DOI Listing

Bladder bowel dysfunction in children with Down's syndrome.

Pediatr Surg Int 2020 Jul 26;36(7):763-772. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Urology, Ipswich Hospital, East Suffolk and North Essex NHS Foundation Trust (ESNEFT), Heath Rd, Ipswich, IP4 5PD, UK.

Introduction: Bladder Bowel Dysfunction (BBD) has been described in patients with Down's Syndrome (DS). Our aim was to report the incidence, demographics, presentation, complications and management of the bladder in DS patients with BBD.

Methods: A systematic review was performed using PRISMA guidelines and search terms "{[(trisomy 21) OR down's syndrome]} AND [("non-neurogenic") OR voiding dysfunction]" in the search engines MEDLINE and SCOPUS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-020-04682-4DOI Listing

In Silico Subtractive Proteomics Approach for Identification of Potential Drug Targets in .

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Microbiology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab 38000, Pakistan.

is a uropathogenic bacteria responsible for acute urinary tract infections (UTIs) mainly in young female patients. Patients suffering from urinary catheterization, pregnant patients, the elderly as well as those with nosocomial UTIs are at greater risk of the colonizing infection. The causative factors include benign prostatic hyperplasia, indwelling catheter, neurogenic bladder, pregnancy, and history of frequent UTIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277342PMC
May 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Unusual presentation of female bladder outlet obstruction- female hypospadias with urethral stenosis.

Urol Case Rep 2020 Sep 8;32:101243. Epub 2020 May 8.

Vivekananda Institute of Medical Science (VIMS) and Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan (RKMSP), Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Hypospadias is a rare birth deformity characterised by shortening of urethra with dorsal ectopia of the urethral meatus. The occurrence of hypospadias in female patients is extremely rare. We present a young female complaining of recurrent urinary tract infection and voiding difficulty caused by hypospadias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2020.101243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235932PMC
September 2020

Cranberries after pelvic floor surgery for urinary tract infection prophylaxis: A randomized controlled trial.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 Jun 25;39(5):1543-1549. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ikazia Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Aims: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common complication after pelvic floor surgery. Antibiotics as prophylaxis may reduce the prevalence of UTI's by 50%, but bacterial resistance may be a large disadvantage, necessitating the search for other possible prophylactic options. Recent research found a 50% reduction in the rate of UTI's with the use of cranberry capsules after elective gynecologic surgery, suggesting that cranberry capsules may serve as a good prophylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.24391DOI Listing

Urinary capillariosis in a cat from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Clinical, morphological and phylogenetic characterization.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2020 Apr 12;20:100409. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Capillaria spp. infections of the urinary tract of domestic carnivores are uncommon worldwide. Infections are rarely diagnosed and are typically asymptomatic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2020.100409DOI Listing

[Argentine Intersociety Consensus on Urinary Infection 2018-2019 - Part II].

Medicina (B Aires) 2020 ;80(3):241-247

Sociedad Argentina de Infectología, Argentina.

The second part of the Inter-Society Argentine Consensus on Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) includes the analysis of special situations. In patients with urinary catheter, urine culture should be requested only in the presence of UTI symptomatology, before instrumentation of the urinary tract, or as a post-transplant control. The antibiotics recommended for empirical treatment in patients without risk factors are third-generation cephalosporins or aminoglycosides. Read More

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June 2020
0.421 Impact Factor

[Consenso Argentino Intersociedades de Infección Urinaria 2018-2019 - Parte I].

Medicina (B Aires) 2020 ;80(3):229-240

Sociedad Argentina de Infectología, Argentina.

The Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases and other scientific societies have updated these recommendations based on data on urinary tract infections in adults obtained from a prospective multicenter study conducted in Argentina during 2016-2017. Asymptomatic bacteriuria should be treated only in pregnant women, who should also be systematically investigated; the antibiotics of choice are nitrofurantoin, amoxicillin, clavulanic/amoxicillin, cephalexin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In procedures involving injury to the urinary tract with bleeding, it is recommended to request urine culture and, in the presence of bacteriuria, antimicrobial treatment according to sensitivity should be prescribed from immediately before up to 24 hours after the intervention. Read More

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June 2020
0.421 Impact Factor

Topical Estrogen Treatment Augments the Vaginal Response to Escherichia coli Flagellin.

Sci Rep 2020 May 21;10(1):8473. Epub 2020 May 21.

Institute for Cell & Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

The female climacteric or menopausal process characterised by reduced estrogen, associates with an increased risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) linked to uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). Clinically, topical vaginal estrogen treatment has a prophylactic effect against such infections. The aim of this study was to investigate, in vitro, the effects of a topical estrogen treatment on vaginal epithelial responses following challenge with E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64291-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242342PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Streptococcus anginosus UMB7768, Isolated from a Woman with Recurrent UTI Symptoms.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 May 21;9(21). Epub 2020 May 21.

Bioinformatics Program, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

recently was implicated as a pathogen involved in urinary tract infections. A strain of was isolated from the female urogenital tract. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of strain UMB7768. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00418-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242679PMC

Urinary Tract Infection in Febrile Children with Sickle Cell Disease Who Present to the Emergency Room with Fever.

J Clin Med 2020 May 19;9(5). Epub 2020 May 19.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of MI, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) patients are thought to be at higher risk for urinary tract infections (UTIs) compared to the general population secondary to increased sickling, abnormal urinary acidification, and an inability to concentrate the urine. The incidence of UTI in febrile children with SCD in the United States is unknown. Our objectives were to determine the rate of UTI among febrile SCD children and describe the risk factors for UTI in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290819PMC

Clear cell carcinoma in a urethral diverticulum.

Urol Case Rep 2020 Sep 3;32:101164. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Urology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

A 54-year-old female presented with a long history of multi-drug-resistant urinary tract infections, urinary urgency and frequency, haematuria, stress urinary incontinence and difficulty voiding. Examination revealed a large, hard anterior vaginal wall mass with purulent discharge. Investigation with MRI demonstrated a complex urethral diverticulum containing stones with fistulation into the vagina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2020.101164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229268PMC
September 2020

Independent validation of a predictive nomogram for risk of reinfection in women with recurrent non-complicated urinary tract infections.

Ther Adv Urol 2020 Jan-Dec;12:1756287220922423. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Surgery, Discipline of Urology, State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Brazil.

Aims: Independent external validation of a predictive nomogram for risk of reinfection in women with a history of non-complicated recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI).

Methods: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted to validate the LUTIRE nomogram in a Brazilian female cohort. The nomogram was applied to 81 women presenting non-complicated recurring UTI screened at a urological clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756287220922423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225790PMC

Urinary Tract Infection After Midurethral Sling.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

From the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Objective: The aim of the study was to clarify which baseline, operative, and postoperative factors are associated with the development and recurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after midurethral sling (MUS).

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent a MUS from February 2010 to April 2014 within a single practice with 2 surgeons. Distribution of perioperative factors with relation to 6-week UTI occurrence (primary outcome) and recurrent UTI (secondary outcome) within a year after surgery were analyzed using Student's t test and χ test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000890DOI Listing

Diagnosis and Empirical Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Urologic Outpatients.

Urol Int 2020 May 18:1-8. Epub 2020 May 18.

Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Introduction: Due to a continuing increase of bacterial resistance in common uropathogens, we wanted to revisit our standards for the diagnosis and treatment of lower urinary tract infections, in the setting of urological outpatient care in a conurbation in Germany.

Patients And Methods: All subjects presenting with significant bacteriuria at our urology clinics in Mülheim, Germany, in 2011 were included. Comorbidity, bacterial species, urinary tract symptoms, and empirically prescribed antibiotics were taken from the patients' records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507267DOI Listing