35,672 results match your criteria Urinary Tract Infection Female


Emergency Department Visits After Kidney, Liver, and Heart Transplantation in a Hospital of a University in Turkey: A Retrospective Study.

Exp Clin Transplant 2019 Jan;17(Suppl 1):264-269

From the Department of Public Health, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In our country, there are few publications evaluating emergency department visits among kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients. Here, we examined emergency department visits of transplant recipients after initial hospital discharge following organ transplant performed in a medical faculty hospital in Ankara, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed hospital records of 1144 transplant recipients (700 kidney, 332 liver, and 112 heart) who underwent living-donor and deceased-donor organ transplant procedures in a university hospital between 2007 and 2017 and were admitted to the emergency department during the same period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.MESOT2018.P120DOI Listing
January 2019

Urinary infection in the elderly.

Rev Clin Esp 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla (HUMV), Santander, Cantabria, España. Electronic address:

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most frequent infections. In the elderly, they have multiple comorbidities. The objective of this work is to describe the clinical and microbiological epidemiology of elderly persons admitted for UTIs and to evaluate the suitability of empirical treatments and their implications regarding mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rce.2018.10.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Urinary tract infection-related hospitalization among older adults receiving home health care.

Am J Infect Control 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY.

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI)- related hospitalizations are a poor patient outcome in the rapidly growing home health care (HHC) arena that serves a predominantly elderly population. We examined the association between activities of daily living (ADL) and risk of UTI-related hospitalization among this population.

Methods: Using a retrospective cohort design, we conducted a secondary data analysis of a 5% random sample of a national HHC dataset, the Outcome and Assessment Information Set for the year 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Pelvic floor myofascial pain in patients with symptoms of urinary tract infection.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Urology, Loyola University, Chicago Stritch School of Medicine and Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.

Objective: To correlate lower urinary tract symptoms typically associated with a urinary tract infection (UTI) with physical examination findings of pelvic floor myofascial pain (PFMP).

Methods: This retrospective review included all new patients presenting to a urogynecology clinic between August 2 and December 19, 2016. Patients completed validated questionnaires, had a catheterized urine specimen, and underwent pelvic examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12784DOI Listing
February 2019

A Rare Case of Advanced Urethral Diverticular Adenocarcinoma and a Review of Treatment Modalities.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2019 Jan-Dec;7:2324709619828408

1 Brookdale University Hospitals and Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Female urethral diverticular cancer is a very rare entity with only around 100 cases reported so far in literature and accounts for <1% of all malignancies. In this article, we present a 47-year-old African American female with repeated hospital visits for urinary retention, hematuria, and urinary tract infections. Initial computed tomography imaging and cystoscopy was unremarkable except for a distended urinary bladder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709619828408DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Sacrospinous hysteropexy with a low weight transvaginal polypropylene mesh for treatment of complete uterovaginal eversion.

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Feb 10;45. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Divisão de Urologia Feminina, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidaded e Campinas, UNICAMP, Brasil.

Introduction: Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a common condition in elderly resulting from the weakening of the organ suspension elements of multifactorial origin. It compromises significantly the quality of life and can affect more than 50% of multiparous women. Stage IV prolapse or complete uterovaginal eversion corresponds to 10% of the cases and the only form of curative treatment is the surgical correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0555DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Impact of Gender on Postoperative Complications after Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Knee Surg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York.

Knee osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis, often treated by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Complications can arise after TKAs, which may necessitate revision TKAs and further treatments. However, there remains a paucity of literature regarding influence of gender on postoperative complication rates after revision TKA. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1677820
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677820DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

High Rates of Fosfomycin Resistance in Gram-Negative Urinary Isolates from Israel.

Microb Drug Resist 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

2 The Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar Ilan University, Zefat, Israel.

Background: Increasing antimicrobial resistance is a major problem worldwide. Many urinary tract infection (UTI) isolates are resistant to all oral antimicrobial agents, necessitating intravenous treatment even for cystitis. Fosfomycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that achieves high and prolonged urinary drug concentration and is considered first-line treatment for uncomplicated cystitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2018.0393DOI Listing
February 2019

Reevaluation of the Acute Cystitis Symptom Score, a Self-Reporting Questionnaire. Part I. Development, Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2018 Jan 15;7(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Clinic of Urology, Paediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, Germany.

This study aimed to reevaluate the Acute Cystitis Symptom Score (ACSS). The ACSS is a simple and standardized self-reporting questionnaire for the diagnosis of acute uncomplicated cystitis (AC) assessing typical and differential symptoms, quality of life, and possible changes after therapy in female patients with AC. This paper includes literature research, development and evaluation of the ACSS, an 18-item self-reporting questionnaire including (a) six questions about "typical" symptoms of AC, (b) four questions regarding differential diagnoses, (c) three questions on quality of life, and (d) five questions on additional conditions that may affect therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics7010006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872117PMC
January 2018

Diagnoses made in an Emergency Department in rural sub-Saharan Africa.

Swiss Med Wkly 2019 Jan 4;149:w20018. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

St Francis Referral Hospital, Ifakara, United Republic of Tanzania / Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, United Republic of Tanzania / Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland / University of Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Information on diagnoses made in emergency departments situated in rural sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. The aim was: to evaluate the frequency of different diagnoses made in a new emergency department to define relevant healthcare requirements; and to find out if in-hospital mortality rates would decrease after the implementation of the emergency department.

Methods: In this observational study, we prospectively collated diagnoses of all patients presenting to the emergency department of the St Francis Referral Hospital in Ifakara, Tanzania during 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2019.20018DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Impact of prior bariatric surgery on outcomes of hospitalized patients with heart failure: a population-based study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Health Statistics, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China; Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Studies have suggested that obesity could improve prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF), known as the "obesity paradox." However, the association between bariatric surgery (BS) and HF outcomes is not well established.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the effects of prior BS on outcomes of HF patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.12.030DOI Listing
January 2019

Human β-defensin 1 in follicular fluid and semen: impact on fertility.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Purpose: β-defensins are antimicrobial peptides expressed at mucosal level of male and female genito-urinary tract, where they exert protective functions against infections, possibly preserving human health and fertility. In our study, we investigated the possible involvement of β-defensins in female and male infertility in Italian infertile couples (i) evaluating the presence of human β-defensin 1 (hBD-1) in follicular fluid (FF) and its correlation with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes; (ii) investigating the relationship between hBD-1 levels in semen and IVF outcomes (comprising correlation with sperm parameters); and (iii) exploring the effect of hBD-1 peptide on spermatozoa motility in vitro.

Methods: A perspective observational analytic pilot study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10815-019-01409-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Safety and efficacy of tofogliflozin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in real-world clinical practice - Results of 3-month interim analysis of a long-term post-marketing surveillance study (J-STEP/LT).

J Diabetes Investig 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Japan.

Aims/introduction: This study analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tofogliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitor in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in real-world clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: This was a 3-year non-interventional observational study in patients with T2DM newly administered tofogliflozin uncontrolled on current therapy. We conducted a 12-week interim analysis of tofogliflozin as a part of 3-year post-marketing surveillance study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13017DOI Listing
January 2019

The incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictors of mortality of acute liver failure in Thailand: a population-base study.

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Jan 28;19(1):18. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute for Liver and Digestive Health, Royal Free Hospital, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Acute liver failure (ALF) is uncommon but progresses rapidly with high mortality. We investigated the incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictive factors for 30-day mortality in patients with ALF.

Methods: We conducted a population-based study of ALF patients hospitalized between 2009 and 2013 from the Thai Nationwide Hospital Admission database, which comprises 76% of all admissions from 858 hospitals across 77 provinces in Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-0935-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348628PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
2.365 Impact Factor

Imerslund-Gräsbeck Syndrome in an Infant with a Novel Intronic Variant in the Gene: A Case Report.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jan 27;20(3). Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Pediatric Clinic, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Piazza Menghini 1, 06129 Perugia, Italy.

Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder clinically characterized by megaloblastic anemia, benign mild proteinuria, and other nonspecific symptoms. Several pathogenetic variants in the amnionless () or cubilin () genes have been described in IGS. We describe a case of IGS with urinary tract infection and mild but persistent proteinuria at onset in an 11-month-old female child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030527DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Lower urinary tracts symptoms after female genital mutilation: A review].

Prog Urol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, hôpital Antoine-Béclère, AP-HP, 92141 Clamart, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The purpose of this article is to summarise the data available in literature on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms [lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)] after female genital mutilation (MSF).

Methods: Our review identified 177 publications, 14 of which were included in the article.

Results: With regard to short-term complications, the prevalence of Acute Urinary Retention (RAU) after MSF is estimated between 3% and 12%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A case of Raoultella ornithinolytica urinary tract infection in a pediatric patient.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Raoultella ornithinolytica is a Gram-negative, non-motile, encapsulated, biofilm producing, facultative aerobic bacillus and is found in natural environment. Human infections with R.ornithinolytica is rare in children with only five cases having been reported previously. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1341321X183048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2018.12.011DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Management of Symptom Flares and Patient-reported Flare Triggers in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS)-Findings From One Site of the MAPP Research Network.

Urology 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Objective: To document patient-reported interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) flare management strategies and triggers.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four male and 29 female participants enrolled at the Washington University site of the MAPP Research Network completed a questionnaire on strategies they utilized to manage flares and factors they believed triggered their flares (eg, specific food items, physical activities, sexual activities, infections, and stress). Participants were also asked about the diurnal timing of their flares. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Comparison of metabolic changes for stone risks in 24-hour urine between non- and postmenopausal women.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(1):e0208893. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Urology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: To explore the differences of 24-hour urine compositions associated with urolithiasis between non- and postmenopausal females.

Methods: The 24-hour urine samples of female participants were collected from May 2013 to July 2014 along with national cross-sectional study of urolithiasis among adults aged ≥18 years in China. The exclusion criteria for the participants were: serum creatinine > 133μmol/L, with urinary tract infection, gout, hyperthyroidism, malignancy, had a history of cancer, kidney stones, enterectomy, had taken thiazide diuretics, allopurinol, vitamin supplement, potassium citrate or calcium supplements during the past two weeks. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208893PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345460PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Bladder urothelial BK channel activity is a critical mediator for innate immune response in urinary tract infection pathogenesis.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Urology, Yale University, United States.

The open probability of calcium activated voltage gated potassium channel (BK channel) on bladder umbrella urothelial cells is increased by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). It is hypothesized that this channel's activity is important in the urothelial innate immune response during urinary tract infection (UTI). We performed in vivo studies using female C57BL/6 mice whose bladders were inoculated with lipopolysaccharide (150 μl of 1 mg/mL LPS) or uropathogenic E. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajprenal.00554.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00554.2018DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Bear Paw Sign: Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Nov 30;12(11):18-24. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Sanitas La Moraleja, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain.

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare form of chronic pyelonephritis in which the involved areas of the kidneys are destroyed and replaced by foam cells. It usually occurs in immunocompromised middle-aged females with ureteral obstruction or chronic urinary tract infection induced by the formation of renal stones. We herein report the case of a 44-year-old woman, with a history of left kidney staghorn calculi and recurrent urinary tract infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i11.3415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312122PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis: Intrahepatic and Intrathoracic Extension.

Indian J Nephrol 2018 Nov-Dec;28(6):468-471

Department of Urology, Yashoda Hospitals, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

A 32-year-old female presented to us with worsening cough and expectoration, low-grade fever, and malaise for 3 months. She gave a history of pregnancy loss secondary to urinary tract infection (UTI) a year back. At that time, she was told to have an obstructive right renal calculus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijn.IJN_213_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309392PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Calcineurin inhibitor Tacrolimus impairs host immune response against urinary tract infection.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 14;9(1):106. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Pathology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Calcineurin inhibitor Tacrolimus, is a potent immunosuppressive drug widely used in order to prevent acute graft rejection. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent infectious complication in renal transplant patients and long-term use of Tacrolimus might be involved in higher susceptibility to bacterial infections. It remains largely unknown how Tacrolimus affects the host innate immune response against lower and upper UTI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37482-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6331640PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Rate of instrumentation changes on postoperative and follow-up radiographs after primary complex spinal fusion (five or more levels) for adult deformity correction.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Jan 11:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2Department of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

OBJECTIVEIn the United States, healthcare expenditures have been soaring at a concerning rate. There has been an excessive use of postoperative radiographs after spine surgery and this has been a target for hospitals to reduce unnecessary costs. However, there are only limited data identifying the rate of instrumentation changes on radiographs after complex spine surgery involving ≥ 5-level fusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.SPINE18686DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Impact of Single Dose Praziquantel Treatment on Schistosoma haematobium Infection among School Children in an Endemic Nigerian Community.

Korean J Parasitol 2018 Dec 31;56(6):577-581. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2222, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Schistosomiasis is prevalent in Nigeria, and the foremost pathogen is Schistosoma haematobium, which affects about 29 million people. Single dose of the drug praziquantel is often recommended for treatment but the efficacy has not been documented in certain regions. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the impact of single dose praziquantel treatment on S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2018.56.6.577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327198PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A National Contemporary Analysis of Perioperative Outcomes for Vaginal Vault Prolapse: Minimally invasive Sacrocolpopexy Versus Nonmesh Vaginal Surgery.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative morbidity of minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy (MISC) and nonmesh apical vaginal surgeries for repair of vaginal vault prolapse using data from a contemporary nationwide cohort.

Methods: The American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to identify women who underwent apical prolapse surgery via vaginal approach or MISC from 2010 to 2016. Those undergoing concomitant hysterectomy or transvaginal mesh placement were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000678DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Consideration of sexually transmitted infections in the differential diagnosis: Case studies.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2019 Jan;31(1):65-71

Ottawa Public Health, Sexual Health Centre, Ottawa Ontario, Canada.

Background And Purpose: The rates of many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in recent years. Many health care professionals miss these potential diagnoses in clinical practice.

Methods: Two case studies are presented, one an adult female with dysuria; the other an adult male with a rash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JXX.0000000000000103DOI Listing
January 2019

The etiology and management of recurrent urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women.

Authors:
C Jung L Brubaker

Climacteric 2019 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , CA , USA.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections and affect up to 50% of women in their lifetime, with almost half of these women experiencing a recurrence in 6-12 months. Menopause predisposes women to recurrent UTI (rUTI), as normally lower levels of estrogen lead to changes in the urogenital epithelium and subsequently urogenital microbiome. The recently discovered urobiome is now known to have different compositions in both healthy and unhealthy bladders, including a role in the pathophysiology of rUTI, and may be a therapeutic target for prevention and treatment options for rUTI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13697137.2018.1551871DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Massive Leiomyomatous Uterine Proliferation Following Kidney Transplantation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Transplant 2018 28;2018:3874937. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Piedmont Hospital Atlanta, Piedmont Transplant Institute, 1968 Peachtree Street NW, 77 Building, 6 Floor, Atlanta, GA 30309, USA.

Uterine fibroids are the most common benign uterine tumors affecting > 50% of premenopausal women. The incidence, burden and symptoms from uterine fibroids are higher in women of African descent compared to Caucasians. Despite increasing number of African American females being evaluated for and undergoing kidney transplantation (KT), perioperative management guidelines for uterine fibroids currently do not exist. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crit/2018/3874937/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3874937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304196PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Imperforate Hymen: A Comprehensive Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2019 Jan 7;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, C.P.O. Box 8044, Seoul 120-752, Korea.

Imperforate hymen (IH) is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the female genital tract, with the hymen completely obstructing the vaginal opening. Despite the simple diagnosis and treatment of IH, missed or delayed diagnosis is often a clinical problem owing to its low incidence, nonspecific symptoms, or insufficient physical examination. The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics, clinical presentations, treatment modalities, and outcomes of imperforate hymen patients. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/1/56
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352236PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Focus of infection and microbiological etiology in community-acquired infections in hospitalized adult patients in the Faroe Islands.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 7;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Medical Department, Infectious Diseases Division, National Hospital of the Faroe Islands, JC. Svabosgøta 41-49, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands.

Background: The aim of the present study was to gain national data on the clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired infections in the Faroe Islands and to compare these data with data from other geographical areas.

Methods: A prospective, observational study involving all patients > = 16 years admitted at the Department of Medicine at the National Hospital, Torshavn, Faroe Islands from October 2013 until April 2015.

Results: Of 5279 admissions, 1054 cases were with community-acquired infection and were included in the study. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3650-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322335PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Disseminated canine mold infections.

Authors:
Daniel Elad

Vet J 2019 Jan 30;243:82-90. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, The Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan, Israel. Electronic address:

Disseminated canine mold infections are reviewed. Case inclusion criteria were dogs as hosts, two or more non-adjacent organs affected and identification of the etiological agent at least to the genus level. Of the 157 cases identified, 59. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10900233183076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.11.016DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The effect of appropriate bladder management on urinary tract infection rate in patients with a new spinal cord injury: a prospective observational study.

World J Urol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Victorian Spinal Cord Service, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Vic, Australia.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the rate of urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with a new spinal cord injury (SCI) and identify which bladder management technique is associated with the lowest rate of UTI.

Methods: Adults admitted to the Victorian Spinal Cord Service with a new SCI from 2012 to 2014 were enrolled. Data collected included patient characteristics, SCI level, bladder management and diagnosis of UTI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-018-02620-7DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Unstable angina: trends and characteristics associated with length of hospitalization in the face of diminishing frequency-an evidence of a paradigm shift.

Ann Transl Med 2018 Dec;6(23):454

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Westchester Medical Center and New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Background: Unstable angina (UA) has been one of the most common presentations of acute coronary syndrome. The numbers of admitted UA patients have been diminishing in the recent past. However, we are seeing higher costs and higher length of inpatient stay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.11.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312815PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A High Adherence to Six Food Targets of the Mediterranean Diet in the Late First Trimester is Associated with a Reduction in the Risk of Materno-Foetal Outcomes: The St. Carlos Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Study.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 31;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), 28040 Madrid, Spain.

A prenatal diet affects materno-foetal outcomes. This is a post hoc analysis of the St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Prevention Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356317PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Risk Factors for Death Caused by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase: Producing Bacteria.

Urol Int 2019 Jan 2:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Urology, Department of Organ Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Objectives: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria often causes bacteremia, leading serious outcomes. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis to identify the risk factors associated with death by bacteremia of ESBL-producing bacteria.

Methods: Patients with bacteremia by ESBL-producing bacteria were retrospectively collected in Kobe University Hospital, Japan, between January 2011 and December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495314DOI Listing
January 2019

Congenital dermal sinus with extensive intramedullary expansion and an infected spinal epidermoid cyst in an infant.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Sep-Oct;7(5):1103-1105

Ddepartment of Pediatrics, Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

An 11-month-old female child presented with progressive weakness involving both lower limbs and left upper limb. There was hypertonia and hyperreflexia in the affected limbs. This was associated with multiple episodes of urinary tract infection and overflow incontinence of the urinary bladder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_158_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259516PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Single centre observational study on antibiotic prescribing adherence to clinical practice guidelines for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection.

Infect Dis Health 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Medicine, Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport, Queensland, Australia; School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infections encountered in ambulatory care and the inpatient setting. Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern in healthcare worldwide and has been described by the World Health Organisation as one of the key global health issues facing our generation. The objective of this study was to evaluate antibiotic prescribing adherence to national therapeutic guidelines for patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018

Efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine in a case of geriatric urinary tract infections with pain of episiotomy scar inflammation.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13695

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture, Chinese People Liberation Army General Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Beijing, China.

Rationale: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common infectious diseases in women. The management of patients with UTI after menopause is commonly combined with antibiotics and external application of estrogen, which could also cause drug resistance and result in poor curative effect. This study reports a case of UTI with pain of episiotomy scar inflammation for 10 years, which was successfully cured under traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and showed no recurrence for 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314673PMC
December 2018
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Evaluation of Prophylactic Heparin Dosage Strategies and Risk Factors for Venous Thromboembolism in the Critically Ill Patient.

Pharmacotherapy 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, Colorado.

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs frequently in critically ill patients without heparin prophylaxis. Although heparin prevents VTE, VTEs occur frequently despite prophylaxis. A higher heparin dosage may be more effective for preventing VTE. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/phar.2212
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/phar.2212DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Isolated Neurogenic Bladder Associated With Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Infection in a Renal Transplant Patient From Central Australia: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3940-3942. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Central Australian Renal Services, Alice Springs Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia.

Background: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is endemic amongst the Aborigines of the Northern Territory of Australia. HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) has been associated with this infection. In general population, isolated neurogenic bladder dysfunction in HTLV-1-infected individuals without HAM/TSP has been reported, and the HTLV-1 proviral load has been found to be higher in such patients compared with asymptomatic carriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.031DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Genitourinary Tract Infection Due to Mycobacterium avium intracellulare Complex Infection in Pretransplant Setting With Recurrence Following Transplant: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 8;50(10):3937-3939. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Program in Adult Transplant Infectious Disease, Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Genitourinary (GU) tract infection with Mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex (MAI) is very rare and, to our knowledge, has never been reported in the solid organ transplant literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 61-year-old Somali-born woman had a history of liver cirrhosis due to chronic hepatitis C infection. She was diagnosed as having and treated for latent tuberculosis infection and GU tract infection due to MAI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.09.007DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Externalized Percutaneous Stent Versus Internal Double J Stent: Short- and Long-term Complications After Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 18;50(10):3416-3421. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Visceral Surgery and Medicine, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: In patients undergoing kidney transplantation, ureteral stents are an established technique to reduce major urologic complications such as leakage and stenosis of the ureter. However, the best technique for ureteral stenting remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of percutaneous ureteral stents (PS) with internal double J stents (JJS) after kidney transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.04.042DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Meta-analysis of Early Versus Late Ureteric Stent Removal After Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3411-3415. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Urology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; and Institute of Urology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Ureteral stents have been widely used in kidney transplantation to prevent postoperative ureter-related complications such as ureteral stricture, ureteral obstruction, and ureteral leakage; however, a longer indwelling ureteral stent time corresponds to a greater risk of complications such as urinary tract infections. Currently, transplantation centers have not yet reached an agreement on the time to remove ureteral stents. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the optimal removal time for ureteral stents. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183103
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.033DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Impact of Urinary Tract Infections in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A 4-Year Single-Center Experience.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3351-3355. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

UCL Centre for Nephrology, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom; Nephrology Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent bacterial infection in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), yet little is known about the impact of severe UTIs. We aimed to explore the burden of severe UTIs post renal transplant on both graft function and health care resources.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of KTRs with severe UTI warranting hospital admission at our center between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.022DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Cross-over data supporting long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with painful lower urinary tract symptoms, pyuria and negative urinalysis.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Centre for Nephrology, Division of Medicine, University College London, London, UK.

Purpose: To measure the effects of an unplanned, sudden cessation of treatment in an unselected group of patients with chronic painful LUTS managed with protracted antimicrobial treatment and to report these observational data collected from a cross-over process.

Materials And Methods: The imposition of a guideline resulted in the immediate cessation of antibiotic treatment in a cohort of patients with chronic painful LUTS and microscopic pyuria. Patients were assessed before treatment withdrawal, whilst off treatment, and following reinstatement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3846-5DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Female urethral dilatation (bougierung): a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 19;12(1):382. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Vivantes Humboldt Clinic, Pelvic Floor and Incontinence Centre, Am Nordgraben 2., 13509, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Primary bladder neck obstruction is a rare clinical entity, reported to be responsible for 2.7-8% of lower urinary tract symptoms. It can lead to various urinary storage and voiding symptoms. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1900-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299518PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca meningitis in infants. Epidemiological and clinical features.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 14;26(1):12-15. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Service de pédiatrie, hôpitaux universitaires Paris Seine-Saint-Denis (HUPSSD) site Jean Verdier, université Paris XIII, AP-HP, avenue du 14 Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Groupe de pathologie infectieuse pédiatrique, 57, avenue de la Californie, 06200 Nice, France. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of meningitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) and Klebsiella oxytoca (Ko) in high-income countries is unknown, and no series have been published to date.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide multicenter observational study in France between 2006 and 2016. All children from the French national registry for paediatric bacterial meningitis under the age of 1 year and hospitalized for Kp or Ko meningitis were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.09.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Successful preterm pregnancy in a rare variation of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: a case report.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 17;18(1):498. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Woman's and Child's Health, Obstetrics and Gynecological Unit, San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Circonvallazione Gianicolense 87, 00152, Rome, Italy.

Background: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the female urogenital tract, characterised by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. We reported the difficult pregnancy course complicated by an extremely rare and unique case of this syndrome associated with ectrodactyly, a clinical combination never described in literature.

Case Presentation: A 28- year-old nulliparous woman previously diagnosed for HWWS associated with ectrodactyly of the right foot and with a history of abdominal left hemi-hysterectomy, ipsilateral salpingectomy, vaginal reconstruction when she was an adolescent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2133-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296152PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Acquired renal glucosuria in an undifferentiated connective tissue disease patient with a SLC5A2 heterozygous mutation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13664

Department of Nephrology, Yueyang hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of TCM, China.

Introduction: Renal glucosuria is a renal tubular disorder caused by genetic conditions, drugs, and poisons. Mutations in the SLC5A2 gene are recently found to be responsible for the inherited renal glucosuria, while undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) was not considered pathogenic for renal glucosuria. Here, we present a case of acquired renal glucosuria in a UCTD patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319971PMC
December 2018
6 Reads