50,421 results match your criteria Urethral Cancer


Cloacal Anomalies in Monoamniotic, Monochorionic Twins with Complete Urinary Tract Obstruction.

Urol Int 2018 Dec 12:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Norton Children's Urology, Norton Healthcare, Louisville, Kentucky,

Cloacal anomalies (persistent cloaca) represent the most severe form of anorectal malformations in girls where the rectum, urethra, and vagina remain fused together inside the pelvis and drain into a single common perineal orifice. Infants with cloacal anomalies often succumb to poor lung development due to oligohydramnios. Cloacal anomaly in discordant monozygotic twins has rarely been reported in the literature. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Imbalance in extracellular matrix degradation in urethral stricture.

Res Rep Urol 2018 20;10:227-232. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Extracellular matrix degradation may play an important role in the etiology of urethral stricture. MMP1 and TIMP1 are involved in extracellular matrix degradation. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of MMP1, TIMP1, and MMP1:TIMP1 ratio at the remodeling phase of urethral stricture in an animal model. Read More

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November 2018

Involvement of Activation of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK)/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK) Signaling Pathway in Proliferation of Urethral Plate Fibroblasts in Finasteride-Induced Rat Hypospadias.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 12;24:8984-8992. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, Guiyang, Guizhou, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND We investigated the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway in finasteride-induced hypospadias rats and explored the mechanisms involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS The hypospadias model was established by intragastric administration of finasteride and confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The urethral plate fibroblasts (UPF) were obtained from normal and modeled rats and identified based upon vimentin expression. Read More

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December 2018

Acute pulmonary embolism induced by renal obstruction with benign prostatic hyperplasia: Case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Feb 21;5(1):e39-e43. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Division of Cardiology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: We report a rare case of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) induced by urinary retention and bladder distention with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Case Report: A 76-year-old male with BPH presented to the hospital with anuria of 24 h duration and abdominal distention. Physical examination revealed tenderness and distention of the lower abdomen and a swollen right leg. Read More

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February 2012

The effect of platelet-rich plasma injection on post-internal urethrotomy stricture recurrence.

World J Urol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.

Purpose: Local injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is postulated to work by delivering growth factors and cytokines that recruit healer cells and enhance recovery process at the injection site. As new scar formation leads to stricture recurrence after internal urethrotomy, we proposed to improve post-internal urethrotomy stricture recurrence rate by injecting local submucosal PRP at the time of urethrotomy.

Methods: From July 2015 to June 2018, 87 male patients with symptomatic bulbar urethral stricture (diagnosed by retrograde urethrography) randomized into two groups of internal urethrotomy and submucosal normal saline injection (control group, 43 patients), and internal urethrotomy with submucosal autologous platelet-rich plasma injection (PRP injection group, 44 patients). Read More

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December 2018

[Anual Report Epidemiology of gonorrohea (CIE 10: A54)].

Authors:
Karen Cáceres

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 Aug;35(4):403-412

Departamento de Epidemiología, División de Planificación Sanitaria, Ministerio de Salud de Chile, Chile.

Gonorrhea is produced by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is capable of infecting different types of mucous membranes depending on sexual practices. It is located preferably in the man's urethra and in the woman's cervix, also in the rectum and pharynx. Its main form of transmission is through unprotected sex and, occasionally, through the birth canal in newborns. Read More

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Comparison between cystourethrography and sonourethrography in preoperative diagnostic management of patients with anterior urethral strictures.

Med Ultrason 2018 Dec;20(4):436-440

Department of Urology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Aim: To evaluate the urethral lesions and the degree of spongiofibrosis using cystourethrography (CUG) and sonourethrography (SUG) in order to propose the best imaging method for further surgical treatment.

Material And Methods: The study involved 66 patients with anterior urethral strictures with indication for urethroplasty. Results of CUG and SUG were compared with each other and data from surgical protocol. Read More

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December 2018

Urethral duplication in a child with VATER association.

Urol Case Rep 2019 Mar 29;23:29-31. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

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March 2019
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Thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP): Results, complications, and risk factors in 139 consecutive cases.

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 5;16(4):411-416. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Urology and Men's Health, Al Garhoud Private Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: To report our experience with the emerging technique of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) for the treatment for prostate hyperplasia.

Patients And Methods: Our inclusion criteria were an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of >15 and a quality-of-life (QoL) score of >3 in patients with confirmed bladder outflow obstruction, no longer responsive to medical therapy, with a significant post-void residual urine volume (PVR; >100 mL), with or without recurrent urinary tract infection and/or acute urinary retention. Patients with neurogenic bladder, urethral strictures, bladder stones, and previously failed transurethral prostate surgery were excluded. Read More

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December 2018

Autologous versus synthetic slings in female stress urinary incontinence: A retrospective study.

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 9;16(4):397-403. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Sham University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: To evaluate and compare the clinical (patient's morbidity, quality of life [QoL]) and economic impact of autologous vs synthetic slings in female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), as over the last decade, the introduction of synthetic vaginal tapes for managing SUI has gained wide acceptance being quicker with low morbidity. Synthetic vaginal tapes have been progressively replacing the use of autologous rectus fascia. However, the high cost of these synthetic tapes is almost always an obstacle for most patients of limited socio-economic resources in the Egyptian community. Read More

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December 2018
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Urethral calculi: A rare cause of acute urinary retention in women.

Turk J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 23;18(4):170-171. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

TOBB Economy and Technology University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, Yaşam Caddesi No: 5 Söğütözü, 06510, Ankara, Turkey.

Urinary retention is defined as the inability to void; frequently the patient is able to void partially, thus can not completely empty the bladder and diagnosed by increased post-void residual urine (PVR) volumes. It is usually seen in men, but a rare condition in women. The etiological factors may be neurological, anatomical, infectious or pharmacological. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the Therapeutic Effect against Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and the Active Constituents from Epilobium angustifolium L.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time Analysis (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Plants of Epilobium angustifolium are popular in China to treatment of traumatic injury, subduing inflammation and menstrual disorders. In European, the preparations or extracts containing E. angustifolium are popular to treat prostate diseases. Read More

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December 2018

Current epidemiology and antenatal presentation of posterior urethral valves: Outcome of BAPS CASS National Audit.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Paediatric Urology, Birmingham Children's Hospital, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: Posterior urethral valves (PUVs) are the most common cause of congenital bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in boys and end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in childhood. In the 1980s, 1 in 4000 boys had PUV. Presentation was 1/3 antenatal/neonatally, 1/3 postnatal, 1/3 late (>1 year). Read More

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November 2018

The postnatal management of boys in a national cohort of bladder outlet obstruction.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Paediatric Urology, Birmingham Children's Hospital, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: The most common cause of congenital bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) is posterior urethral valves (PUV). Initial treatment requires decompression, but transurethral incision (TUI) or primary diversion is all described. There is no randomized control trial to guide management. Read More

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November 2018

[Effects of menopausal factor on fine anatomy of bladder urethra and vagina in women undergoing vaginal delivery].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;98(45):3676-3680

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

To explore the effects of menopausal factor on fine anatomy of bladder, urethra and vagina in women undergoing vaginal delivery. Gynecological patients in Nanfang hospital from January 2013 to October 2016 were collected, and then the patients whose MRI images quality meet the require of reconstruction, with the history of vaginal delivery experience, without any cesarean section experience, and the first labor time was ≤30 years old were enrolled. The patients who had pelvic floor dysfunction when done MRI examinations were excluded. Read More

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December 2018

[The UroLift® system for treatment of the benign prostatic syndrome (BPS)].

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):515-518. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Klinikum Großhadern/Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Urologische Klinik und Poliklinik, München.

Minimally-invasive treatment options for patients with LUTS due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) become more and more important because they provide equal long-term efficacy compared with the reference method TURP, while having a more favourable safety profile. There are promising results for PUL (Prostatic Urethral Lift - UroLift) with low complication rates. UroLift is clearly superior regarding the preservation of sexual functions without impairment of ejaculatory function. Read More

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December 2018
10 Reads

Blocking Tyr265 nitration of protein phosphatase 2A attenuates nitrosative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction in renal microvessels.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201800885RR. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Protein tyrosine (Tyr) nitration, the covalent addition of a nitro group (NO) to Tyr residues, is emerging as a candidate mechanism of endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies have shown that Tyr nitration is primarily induced by nitrosative stress, a process characterized by the production of reactive nitrogen species, especially peroxynitrite anion (ONOO), which is considered a secondary product of NO in the presence of superoxide radicals (O). However, the impact of nitrosative stress-induced Tyr nitration on endothelial dysfunction has not been thoroughly elucidated to date. Read More

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December 2018

Implant of ATOMS® system for the treatment of postoperative male stress urinary incontinence: results of a single centre.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Neuro-Urology, CTO - Spinal Unit, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ATOMS® system for the treatment of postoperative male stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all patients treated at our institution for postoperative male SUI with ATOMS® implant. We excluded patients with low bladder compliance (< 20 mL / cmH2O), uncontrolled detrusor overactivity, detrusor underactivity (BCI < 100), urethral or bladder neck stricture and low cystometric capacity (< 200 mL). Read More

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October 2018

Robotic surgery in the management of complex pelvic endometriosis.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 20;44. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain.

Introduction: Endometriosis consists in the proliferation of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity, predominantly in the ovaries but also in the urinary bladder or bowel. About 10% of fertile women are affected and the main symptoms are pain, menstrual disorders and infertility. Surgery is the treatment option for those symptomatic patients in which medical treatment had no success. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Laparoscopic approach for intravesical surgery using pneumovesicum in the management of anterior colporrhaphy mesh erosion and stones around the bladder neck.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Sep 20;44. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Urology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea.

Introduction And Objective: Perforation of the bladder or urethra and erosion of the mesh after cystocele repair surgery are not uncommon and have potentially serious complications. Traditionally, surgical management of such complications has involved excision of the mesh using either a transurethral approach or open surgery. In this video, we present our experience of laparoscopic transvesical surgery for exposed mesh and stone. Read More

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September 2018

Modified Hinderer's Technique for Serious Proximal Hypospadias with Ventral Curvature: Outcomes and Our Experience.

Urol J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Selcuk University Medical Faculty, Konya,Turkey.

Purpose: Hypospadias is a congenital anomaly that includes defi-cient ventral structure of the penis. Proximal hypospadias cases make up 20% of all hypospadias cases. The choice of operative technique for hypospadias repair depends on the severity, and it is influenced by the surgeon's experience and perception of where priorities should lie. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Institutional patient accrual volume and the treatment quality of I‑125 prostate seed implantation in a Japanese nationwide prospective cohort study.

Strahlenther Onkol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Japanese Foundation for Prostate Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: It is unclear whether experience at high-volume institute improves the treatment quality of prostate seed implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of institutional experience on postimplant dosimetric parameters in a nationwide prospective cohort study.

Methods: From July 2005 to June 2007, 2354 patients were registered in the Japanese Prostate Cancer Outcome Study of Permanent I‑125 Seed Implantation (J-POPS), and 1126 patients treated with seed implantation alone were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A Case of Urethral Diverticulum with Surgical Repair Using Cadaveric Pericardial Tissue.

Case Rep Urol 2018 4;2018:6183618. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

West Virginia University, Department of OB/GYN, Morgantown, WV, USA.

A urethral diverticulum is a relatively uncommon finding. The estimated prevalence is approximately 1-5% in the general population. While the definitive treatment is surgical correction, there are limited studies guiding the best approach to repair. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Foreskin reconstruction at the time of single-stage hypospadias repair: is it a safe procedure?

Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Paediatric Urology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK.

Introduction: Foreskin reconstruction (FR) is a recognised, yet debated, option for patients undergoing single-stage hypospadias repair (HR).

Methods: We evaluated the incidence of complications after single-stage HR in our institution. This is a retrospective review of all single-stage HR. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Antibiotics for urethral catheterization in children undergoing cystography: retrospective evaluation of a single-center cohort of pediatric non-toilet-trained patients.

Eur J Pediatr 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Via Luigi De Crecchio 2, 80138, Naples, Italy.

Antibiotics are often used to prevent post-catheterization urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients undergoing cystography. However, there is no universally accepted protocol and the literature data are conflicting. We aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors of post-cystography UTIs in non-toilet-trained children. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The anatomy and an illustrated description of a technique for combined laparoscopic and vaginal total removal of an obturator mid urethral tape.

Transl Androl Urol 2018 Dec;7(6):978-981

1Department of Urology, 2Department of Gynaecology, University College London Hospital, London, UK.

To date complete excision of a mid-urethral obturator tape has required vaginal and groin exploration-a morbid procedure. We detail the theoretical anatomy and describe the operative technique for the first ever combined laparoscopic and vaginal complete excision of mid-urethral obturator tape. This procedure was successfully performed in a 65-year-old female along with simultaneous laparoscopic redo colposuspension with complete removal of mid-urethral obturator tape and successful resolution of all symptoms including stress urinary incontinence. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Use of rectal mucosal grafts in substitution urethroplasty: an early series.

Transl Androl Urol 2018 Dec;7(6):907-911

1Department of Urology, 2Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: To evaluate the feasibility of use of rectal mucosal grafts for augmentation urethroplasty.

Methods: A series of five patients who underwent rectal mucosal graft urethroplasty for urethral stricture disease were identified. Descriptive statistics were used to describe these patients. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Primary transitional cell carcinoma of penis - A rare presentation.

Urol Case Rep 2019 Mar 23;23:25-26. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

University of Melbourne, Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Primary transitional cell carcinoma arising from the anterior portion of the male urethra is rare, with no recent cases reported in the literature. We present a case of penile TCC with positive urine cytology and a delayed definitive diagnosis. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Application of embryonic equivalents in male-to-female sex reassignment surgery.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):155-166

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: The feeling of incongruence between phenotypic sex and psychological recognition of self-gender is termed gender dysphoria. Transsexualism is the most extreme form of this disorder.

Aims And Objectives: The aims and objectives of the study are to evaluate the esthetic and functional outcome of embryonic equivalents-based male-to-female sex reassignment surgery in transwomen using the institutional scoring system. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Surgical management of urinary stress incontinence - Where are we now?

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Mid-urethral sling procedures (MUS) have been the surgical option of choice for most gynaecologists and urologists treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women around the world for almost 20 years, since their introduction in the late 1990s. The evidence suggests that the long-term effectiveness of the MUS is good and similar to the Burch Colposuspension and the fascial pubovaginal slings. The bulking agents are now being put forward as another minimally invasive option for the surgical treatment of SUI. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Urethral length in female infants and its relevance in the repair of cloaca.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Center for Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH.

Aim Of The Study: The goals of urinary reconstruction in urogenital sinus and cloacal repair include: (1) positioning of the bladder neck above the urogenital diaphragm to maximize future urinary continence, and (2) creating a visible urethra that can be catheterized if needed. A recent algorithm in cloacal reconstruction proposed a urethral length of 1.5 cm as the key determinant in deciding whether to perform a total urogenital mobilization or a urogenital separation, the hypothesis being that a 1. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Transurethral ablation of a prostatic utricle cyst with the use of a holmium laser.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec;110(7):1410-1411

Department of Urology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida. Electronic address:

Objective: To demonstrate a safe and effective approach to the treatment of obstructing midline prostate utricle cyst with the use of a holmium laser.

Design: Video presentation.

Setting: University hospital. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pericardium in Reconstructive Urologic Surgeries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Urol Int 2018 12 5:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The use of pericardium has been expanded into different surgical modalities; however, there are scarce data regarding the feasibility of the pericardium in reconstructive urologic surgeries. We systematically reviewed the literature on the effectiveness of the pericardial tissue for reconstructive urologic surgeries.

Materials And Methods: PubMed and Scopus were searched online for evidence on the use of the pericardium in urologic surgeries. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Clinical, histopathologic, cystoscopic, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of proliferative urethritis in 22 dogs.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, California.

Background: Proliferative urethritis (PU) is a lower urinary tract disease of dogs characterized by frond-like lesions in the urethra. The etiology of PU is unknown, although an association with bacterial cystitis is reported.

Objectives: Deep-seated bacterial cystitis is associated with PU, particularly in dogs with neutrophilic or granulomatous inflammation. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Assessing uncertainty in an anatomical site-specific gonococcal infection transmission model of men who have sex with men.

Sex Transm Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School and The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Background: Increased gonorrhea detection highlights the need for additional prevention efforts. Gonorrhea may only be acquired when there is contact between infected and uninfected anatomical sites. With three sites of infection this leads to seven plausible routes of MSM transmission: urethra-to-rectum, rectum-to-urethra, urethra-to-oropharynx, rectum-to-oropharynx, oropharynx-to-urethra, oropharynx-to-rectum, and oropharynx-to-oropharynx. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Predicting posterior urethral obstruction in boys with lower urinary tract symptoms using deep artificial neural network.

World J Urol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Purpose: To assess the prediction model for late-presenting posterior urethral valve (PUV) in boys with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) using artificial neural network (ANN).

Materials And Methods: 408 boys aged 3-17 years (median 7.2 years) with LUTS were examined and had bladder diary, ultrasound, uroflowmetry, urine, and urine culture. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Excision and Primary Anastomosis for Short Bulbar Strictures: Is It Safe to Change from the Transecting towards the Nontransecting Technique?

Biomed Res Int 2018 1;2018:3050537. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Objective: To explore whether it is safe to change from transecting excision and primary anastomosis (tEPA) towards nontransecting excision and primary anastomosis (ntEPA) in the treatment of short bulbar urethral strictures and to evaluate whether surgical outcomes are not negatively affected after introduction of ntEPA.

Materials And Methods: Two-hundred patients with short bulbar strictures were treated by tEPA (n=112) or ntEPA (n=88) between 2001 and 2017 in a single institution. Failure rate and other surgical outcomes (complications, operation time, hospital stay, catheterization time, and extravasation at first cystography) were calculated for both groups. Read More

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November 2018
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Pubococcygeal Sling versus Refixation of the Pubocervical Fascia in Vesicovaginal Fistula Repair: A Retrospective Review.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 31;2018:6396387. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Global Women's Health, 6651 Main St., Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Urethral incontinence is an issue for approximately 10-15% of women with an obstetric fistula. Various surgical interventions to prevent this exist, including the pubococcygeal sling and refixation of the pubocervical fascia. Neither has been evaluated in comparison to one another. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Posterior, Anterior, and Periurethral Surgical Reconstruction of Urinary Continence Mechanisms in Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy: A Description and Video Compilation of Commonly Performed Surgical Techniques.

Eur Urol 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is hampered by side effects that may have a serious impact on quality of life, particularly stress urinary incontinence. Continence rates may be improved by surgical reconstruction of the pelvic floor.

Objective: Video illustrations of different surgical techniques may be particularly worthwhile for practicing urologists in understanding the pelvic-floor anatomy and in the training of residents and fellows in urology. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

The evaluation of a hybrid biomechanical deformable registration method on a multistage physical phantom with reproducible deformation.

Radiat Oncol 2018 Dec 4;13(1):240. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

Background: Advanced clinical applications, such as dose accumulation and adaptive radiation therapy, require deformable image registration (DIR) algorithms capable of voxel-wise accurate mapping of treatment dose or functional imaging. By utilizing a multistage deformable phantom, the authors investigated scenarios where biomechanical refinement method (BM-DIR) may be better than the pure image intensity based deformable registration (IM-DIR).

Methods: The authors developed a biomechanical-model based DIR refinement method (BM-DIR) to refine the deformable vector field (DVF) from any initial intensity-based DIR (IM-DIR). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Primary urethral squamous cell carcinoma: a unique manifestation of a penile tumor.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 5:300060518813506. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Department of Urology, Cantonal Hospital Aarau, Aarau, Switzerland.

This case report describes a unique manifestation of a primary urethral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) as the underlying pathology in an 80-year-old male patient who underwent partial penectomy due to an enlarging penile mass. Persistent pain in the right knee was discovered to be a pathologic fracture using magnetic resonance imaging. Computed tomography-guided biopsy confirmed metastatic SCC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Ultrasonography and clinical outcomes following anti-incontinence procedures (Monarc vs MiniArc): A 3-year post-operative review.

PLoS One 2018 4;13(12):e0207375. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Subang Jaya Medical Center, Ramsay Sime Darby Health Care, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objective: To compare the ultrasonographic positional changes of mid-urethral sling(MUS) tape in relation to symphysis pubis, and the different clinical outcomes among women who underwent MUS insertion with MiniArcTM or MonarcTM for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence 3 years after.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective follow-up study on patients with clinically confirmed stress urodynamic incontinence and urodynamic stress incontinence who had undergone MiniArc or Monarc surgery. Data regarding preoperative evaluation, intraoperative complications and post-operative follow-ups were collated. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
3.234 Impact Factor

Acute urinary retention in two adolescent girls with imperforate hymen.

Authors:
Kenji Goto

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan.

Acute urinary retention is rare symptom in young adolescent girls. Imperforate hymen can be a cause of acute urinary retention possibly due to the pressure effect of the distended vagina (hematocolpos) on the lower urinary tract. However, the mechanism of progression to urinary retention is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
10 Reads

Voided volumes predict degree of partial bladder outlet obstruction in a murine model.

Am J Clin Exp Urol 2018 20;6(5):189-196. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago 225 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

The partial bladder outlet obstruction animal model (pBOO) is commonly used as a model for obstructive uropathy. Unfortunately, pBOO demonstrates variable degrees of obstruction requiring bladder weight (BW) or urodynamic studies to determine true obstruction. Our objective is to identify extent of obstruction by correlating early post-operative Void Stains on Paper (VSOP) assays with ultimate BW in mice. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

A User's Guide for Surgery Involving the Artificial Urinary Sphincter.

Sex Med Rev 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Urology, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) has long been regarded as the gold standard for surgical correction of male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Despite impressive rates of initial success for restoration of continence, durability may wane to the point of considering revision surgery.

Aim: To provide a review of existing data as well as personal experience regarding patient selection, surgical technique, and postoperative troubleshooting for the AUS. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Radiotherapy of prostate cancer in renal transplant recipients: single-center experience.

Neoplasma 2018 Sep 4. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Urology with Kidney Transplant Center, Comenius University Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia.

This study analyzed the long-term outcomes of localized prostate cancer in renal transplant recipients after radiotherapy treatment - mainly brachytherapy. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of renal transplant recipients between 2003 and 2016 at a single tertiary center, and identified four patients with high serum PSA level during regular follow-up, 1-108 months after primary renal transplantation. The mean age of patients with detected high serum PSA level with 9. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

The Onuf's nucleus, serotonin and spinal cord injury.

BJU Int 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Uro-Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom.

Nerve fibres innervating the urethral and anal striated sphincters play an important role in the regulation of urinary and defaecatory continence. These fibres are derived from a group of neurons in the sacral spinal cord known as the Onuf's nucleus. Different neuron groups innervate the anal and urethral sphincter, and the nucleus uniquely demonstrates sexual dimorphism across different species. Read More

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November 2018
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Outcome and complications in goats treated by perineal urethrostomy for obstructive urolithiasis: 25 cases (2010-2017).

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.

Background: Obstructive urolithiasis commonly affects male goats. Perineal urethrostomy (PU) can be a permanent treatment option but is generally considered undesirable because of the risk of stricture of the urethral stoma. Limited information exists regarding long-term outcome and complications in goats undergoing PU for treatment of obstructive urolithiasis. Read More

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November 2018
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Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the pelvic organ prolapse: A parametric biomechanical modeling.

Neurourol Urodyn 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Aims: To evaluate the role of soft tissue and ligaments damage and level of pelvic muscles activation versus intra-abdominal pressure, on pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods: This was a computational modeling based on the finite element analysis. Three pelvic muscles, four pelvic ligaments, and three organs (urethra, vagina, and rectum) were simulated. Read More

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November 2018
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