Cent European J Urol 2021 23;74(1):57-63. Epub 2021 Jan 23.
Department of Urology, Haseki Traning and Research Hospital, Haseki, Turkey.
Introduction: The aim of this article was to compare retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), antegrade ureterorenoscopy (URS), and laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (LU) for impacted proximal ureter stones larger than 1.5 cm in terms of operative data, success, complications, auxiliary treatment rates, and visual analog scale (VAS) scores.
Material And Methods: Medical records of patients undergoing RIRS, antegrade URS, or LU were retrospectively reviewed. Read More