29,361 results match your criteria Uremia


Analysis of factors associated with vision after cataract surgery in chronic renal failure patients on dialysis.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 1;20(1):211. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, 23 Pingjiang street, Tianjin, 300221, China.

Background: To analyze the related factors of visual acuity after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 42 patients (51 eyes) with CRF (failure, uremia) on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and 40 patients (50 eyes) without CRF as a control group. Each individual underwent physical and laboratory examinations including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination, intraocular pressure, corneal endothelial cell count, fundus examination and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for macular examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01479-wDOI Listing

Successful Kidney Transplantation Alone With Severe Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction of Ejection Fraction 14%: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.

It is well known that correction of uremia by kidney transplantation alone (KTA) improves left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). However, for kidney transplant candidates with extremely severe LVSD, KTA is considered to be contraindicated because of the high risk of peri-operative management. We report a case of successful kidney transplantation with severe LVSD with an ejection fraction (EF) of 14% and low systolic blood pressure (SBP) of approximately 65 to 80 mm Hg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.02.146DOI Listing

Monocytes in Uremia.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 May 21;12(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Internal Medicine II, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle, Germany.

Monocytes play an important role in both innate immunity and antigen presentation for specific cellular immune defense. In patients with chronic renal failure, as well as those treated with maintenance hemodialysis, these cells are largely dysregulated. There is a large body of literature on monocyte alterations in such patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050340DOI Listing

Glycemic Monitoring and Management in Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Endocr Rev 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Washington, Division of Nephrology, Kidney Research Institute, and Institute of Translational Health Sciences.

Glucose and insulin metabolism in patients with diabetes are profoundly altered by advanced chronic kidney disease. Risk of hypoglycemia is increased by failure of kidney gluconeogenesis, impaired insulin clearance by the kidney, defective insulin degradation due to uremia, increased erythrocyte glucose uptake during hemodialysis, impaired counter-regulatory hormone responses (cortisol, growth hormone), nutritional deprivation and variability of exposure to oral anti-hyperglycemic agents and exogenous insulin. Patients with end stage kidney disease frequently experience wide glycemic excursions, with common occurrences of both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/endrev/bnaa017DOI Listing

Acute on chronic kidney disease in cats: Etiology, clinical and clinicopathologic findings, prognostic markers, and outcome.

J Vet Intern Med 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute decompensation of CKD (ACKD) are common in cats.

Objectives: To characterize the etiology, clinical and clinicopathologic findings, and the short- and long-term prognosis of feline ACKD.

Animals: One hundred cats with ACKD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15808DOI Listing

Regulation of autophagy in leukocytes through RNA N-adenosine methylation in chronic kidney disease patients.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan.

Patients with chronic kidney diseases have multiple cellular dysfunctions leading to increased atherosclerosis, impaired immunity, and disturbed metabolism. However, it is unclear what is the fundamental signaling served as a marker or as a mediator for the dysregulated function in their leukocytes or tissues. Here we hypothesized that the N-Methyladenosine (mA) modification of the RNA in the leukocytes is responsible for the cellular dysfunction in chronic kidney diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.04.138DOI Listing
May 2020
2.297 Impact Factor

The kidney in COVID-19: protagonist or figurant?

Panminerva Med 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, AOU Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

The etiology of injury in COVID-19 patients is diverse and multifactorial. Autopsy and biopsy studies reveal, alongside podocyte and tubular cell anomalies, the presence of virion within the cells. Evidence suggests that, in addition to the direct cytopathic effect of SARS- CoV2 on the glomeruli and renal tubules, there is also the indirect effect of cell-mediated immunity, the cytokines storm and the cross-talk between organs with possible systemic effects of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0031-0808.20.03965-8DOI Listing

Therapeutic efficacy of two surgical methods on the secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Gland Surg 2020 Apr;9(2):321-328

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000, China.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of two surgical methods on hyperparathyroidism secondary to uremia and summarize the advantages and disadvantages of both methods.

Methods: Uremic patients who received parathyroidectomy (PTX) in the last 3 years were divided into two groups according to the surgical methods used [subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) group and total parathyroidectomy + autologous implantation (TPTX + AT) group]. TPTX was performed if less than 4 glands were found during surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2020.03.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225472PMC

Uremia Preventing Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome Despite Rapid Hyponatremia Correction.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620918095

Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered both in the inpatient and outpatient clinical settings in the United States. Rapid correction leads to a deranged cerebral osmotic gradient causing osmotic demyelination syndrome. Coexisting azotemia is considered to be protective against osmotic demyelination syndrome owing to its counteractive effect on osmolarity change that occurs with rapid hyponatremia correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709620918095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232043PMC

Kidney health for everyone everywhere - from prevention to detection and equitable access to care.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2020 Mar-Apr;31(2):298-311

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.284004DOI Listing

Cyclodextrin-micellar electrokinetic chromatography of apolipoproteins on human very low-density lipoprotein.

Electrophoresis 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Department of Chemistry, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan.

The apolipoproteins (APOs) of human very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) were investigated by an optimized cyclodextrin-micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD-MEKC) method. The separation buffer consisted of 20 mM sodium phosphate, 40 mM bile salts (50% sodium cholate and 50% sodium deoxycholate), 25 mM carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin (CM-β-CD) (pH 7.0). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elps.202000065DOI Listing

[Timing of sequential noninvasive mechanical ventilation following early extubation in aged patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2020 Mar;32(3):324-329

Department of Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Corresponding author: Xu Sicheng, Email:

Objective: To explore the timing of sequential noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) following endotracheal intubation mechanical ventilation (ETI-MV) in aged patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP).

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted. The SCAP patients aged ≥ 75 years old admitted to respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from July 2017 to August 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121430-20191224-00072DOI Listing

Evaluation of biochemical profile of Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology in Sri Lanka.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(5):e0232522. Epub 2020 May 4.

Transplant and Dialysis Unit, Teaching Hospital, Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu) is an endemic, disease that mostly affects young agricultural workers in the rural dry zone of Sri Lanka. This study was designed to identify specific biochemical manifestations of CKDu cases. All (119) non-dialysis definite CKDu patients in Girandurukotte and Wilgamuwa were selected. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232522PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197770PMC
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

Chronic Inhibition of CYP3A is Temporarily Reduced by Each Hemodialysis Session in Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Section for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Department of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Drug dosing is challenging in patients with end-stage renal disease. Not only is renal drug elimination reduced, but nonrenal clearance pathways are also altered. Increasing evidence suggest that uremia impacts drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters leading to changes in nonrenal clearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpt.1875DOI Listing

Raman spectroscopy combined with multiple algorithms for analysis and rapid screening of chronic renal failure.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Apr 27:101792. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Physics and Chemistry Detecting Center, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China.

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a symptom of kidney damage in the terminal stages. If a patient is not treated, then CRF will progress to uremia, which greatly reduces the lifespan of the patient. However, current screening strategies, including routine urine tests and medical imaging investigations, have poor sensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101792DOI Listing
April 2020
2.014 Impact Factor

Vitamin B Supplementation and Nutritional Intake of Methyl Donors in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Critical Review of the Impact on Epigenetic Machinery.

Nutrients 2020 Apr 27;12(5). Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine (DIMES), Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplant Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are several-fold higher in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than in the general population. Hyperhomocysteinemia has undoubtedly a central role in such a prominent cardiovascular burden. The levels of homocysteine are regulated by methyl donors (folate, methionine, choline, betaine), and cofactors (vitamin B6, vitamin B12,). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12051234DOI Listing

A Rare Case of Severe Starvation-induced Ketoacidosis in a Patient with Recurrent Pancreatitis.

Cureus 2020 Mar 22;12(3):e7368. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, USA.

Starvation-induced ketoacidosis in non-diabetic and non-pregnant, otherwise healthy patients is not common. In an otherwise normal healthy individual, short-term starving will only result in mild ketosis. Nonetheless, the effects of ketosis can become more severe if there is stress and insulin resistance, such as in pregnant or lactating woman or in very young individual such as neonates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174867PMC

Unilateral Lower Limb Oedema: An Unusual Presentation of High-Pressure Chronic Retention.

Urology 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Urology, Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Poplar Grove, United Kingdom.

High-pressure chronic retention (HPCR) is a well-recognized common urological emergency which requires prompt treatment. It usually presents with nocturnal enuresis, a tense and palpable bladder, and symptoms of uraemia from renal failure George et al 1983. There have been isolated cases in the literature of HPCR presenting with symptoms of venous occlusion secondary to extrinsic bladder compression but it remains a rare presenting complaint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.04.038DOI Listing

The relationship between lymphocyte subsets, nutritional status and tuberculin reactivity in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients.

Int Urol Nephrol 2020 Apr 22. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Aim: Skin test anergy is common in patients with uremia and during maintenance hemodialysis treatment. However, up to date only one study concerning skin test in peritoneal dialysis patients has focused on the issue. Our cross-sectional controlled study was conducted to analyze the correlation of purified protein derivative (PPD) test response with demographical features, nutritional parameters and the distribution of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients PATIENTS AND METHODS: Stable 30 hemodialysis (HD) patients (16 men, 14 women) and 30 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (17 men, 13 women) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-020-02467-1DOI Listing

New insights into the role of FGF-23 and Klotho in cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease patients.

Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2020 Apr 19. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Nephrology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital "Hippocration", Thessaloniki. Greece.

Alterations of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and Klotho levels are considered to be the earliest biochemical abnormality of chronic kidney disease - mineral and bone disease (CKD-MBD) syndrome. Moreover, emerging data suggests that the dysregulated FGF-23 and Klotho axis has many effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system and contributes significantly to the increased CV morbidity and mortality rates of CKD patients. This review examines recent evidence on the role of FGF-23 and Klotho in the development and progression of CV complications of uremia namely cardiac hypertrophy, uremic cardiomyopathy and atherosclerotic and arteriosclerotic vascular lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1570161118666200420102100DOI Listing

Differences and Effects of Metabolic Fate of Individual Amino Acid Loss in High-Efficiency Hemodialysis and Hemodiafiltration.

J Ren Nutr 2020 Apr 14. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Treatment Study Group of Chronic Renal Disease of Italian Society of Nephrology, Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of the study was to quantify the loss and arterial blood concentration of the three main classes of amino acids (AAs)-nonessential amino acids (NEAAs), essential amino acids (EAAs), and branched-chain amino acids-as resulting from high-efficiency hemodialysis (HED) and hemodiafiltration (HDF). We moreover aimed to identify the different fates and metabolic effects manifested in patients undergoing hemodialysis and the consequences on body composition and influence of nutritional decline into protein energy wasting.

Design And Methods: Identical dialysis monitors, membranes, and dialysate/infusate were used to ensure consistency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2019.12.003DOI Listing

[Management of hemodialysis patient subject to medical-nuclear investigation].

G Ital Nefrol 2020 Apr 9;37(2). Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Divisione di Fisica Medica - P.O. "San Giovanni di Dio", Agrigento (AG), Itali.

In recent years imaging techniques that use radionuclides have become more and more clinically relevant as they can provide functional information for specific anatomical districts. This has also involved nephrology, where radionuclides are used to study patients with different degrees of renal function failure up to terminal uremia. Although chronic kidney disease, and dialysis in particular, may affect the distribution and the elimination of radiopharmaceuticals, to date there are no consistent data on the risks associated with their use in this clinical context. Read More

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Matrix metalloproteinase-7 in platelet-activated macrophages accounts for cardiac remodeling in uremic mice.

Basic Res Cardiol 2020 Apr 9;115(3):30. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Kidney Institution of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Chang Zheng Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Feng Yang Road, No. 415, Huangpu District, Shanghai, China.

Heart failure is the leading cause of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, and progressive cardiac remodeling is the key pathological basis of heart failure. However, the mechanism by which uremia-induced cardiac remodeling occurs is not well understood. Here, we showed that platelets were significantly activated in 5/6 nephrectomy-operated mice, and cardiac remodeling in the uremic mice was significantly improved when platelets were effectively depleted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00395-020-0789-zDOI Listing
April 2020
5.414 Impact Factor

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere - From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Indian J Nephrol 2020 Mar-Apr;30(2):63-71. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, CA, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5 most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijn.IJN_50_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7132858PMC
February 2020

Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Disorders in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Process Related to Accelerated Senescence.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2020 20;8:185. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Departamento Biología de Sistemas, Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud (IRYCIS), Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), especially those involving a systemic inflammatory process such as atherosclerosis, remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is a systemic condition affecting approximately 10% of the general population. The prevalence of CKD has increased over the past decades because of the aging of the population worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.00185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7099607PMC

Gallbladder tuberculosis in a dialysis patient: a case-report.

BMC Surg 2020 Apr 7;20(1):67. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Pancreas Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, China.

Background: The diagnosis of gallbladder tuberculosis remains elusive even to the most experienced clinicians. Our aim is to describe our experience of this rare disease, and to raise awareness of the increasing likelihood of tuberculosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient.

Case Presentation: We report a rare case of gallbladder tuberculosis in a chronic kidney disease patient on hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-020-00722-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7137183PMC

Uremia-Associated Ageing of the Thymus and Adaptive Immune Responses.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 Apr 3;12(4). Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Transplantation, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rg5, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Progressive loss of renal function is associated with a series of changes of the adaptive immune system which collectively constitute premature immunological ageing. This phenomenon contributes significantly to the mortality and morbidity of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. In this review, the effect of ESRD on the T cell part of the adaptive immune system is highlighted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12040224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232426PMC

Nonseminomatous Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor Presenting As Early Pericardial Tamponade.

Cureus 2020 Feb 28;12(2):e7131. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Internal Medicine, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, PAK.

Multiple different types of mediastinal masses may be encountered on imaging techniques in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The most frequent mediastinal masses in adults are thymoma, lymphoma, thyroid masses, and germ cell tumors. Potential complications of these masses due to localized invasion include hemoptysis, post-obstructive pneumonia, and superior vena cava syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7105248PMC
February 2020

Silencing of lncRNA 6030408B16RIK prevents ultrafiltration failure in peritoneal dialysis via microRNA-326-3p-mediated WISP2 down-regulation.

Biochem J 2020 May;477(10):1907-1921

Department of Nephrology, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi 2760003, P. R. China.

Continuous exposure to peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluid results in peritoneal fibrosis and ultimately causes ultrafiltration failure. Noncoding RNAs, including long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), have been reported to participate in ultrafiltration failure in PD. Therefore, our study aimed to investigate the mechanism of lncRNA 6030408B16RIK in association with miR-326-3p in ultrafiltration failure in PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20190877DOI Listing

Effect of caloric restriction on phosphate metabolism and uremic vascular calcification.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2020 May 6;318(5):F1188-F1198. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Cordoba, Campus Universitario Rabanales, Cordoba, Spain.

Caloric restriction (CR) is known to have multiple beneficial effects on health and longevity. To study the effect of CR on phosphorus metabolism and vascular calcification (VC), rats were fed normal or restricted calories (67% of normal). The phosphorus content of the diets was adjusted to provide equal phosphorus intake independent of the calories ingested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00009.2020DOI Listing

Kidney health for everyone everywhere: from prevention to detection and equitable access to care.

J Nephrol 2020 Apr;33(2):201-210

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, CA, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-020-00728-xDOI Listing
April 2020
1.996 Impact Factor

COVID-19 Infection in a Patient with End-Stage Kidney Disease.

Nephron 2020 27;144(5):245-247. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Division of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China,

Since December 2019, the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread very rapidly in China and worldwide. In this article, we report on a 75-year-old man infected with 2019 novel coronavirus who has end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). COVID-19 patients with ESKD need isolation dialysis, but most of them cannot be handled in time due to limited continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) machines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7179522PMC

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere: From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Can J Kidney Health Dis 2020 10;7:2054358120910569. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the fifth most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual health care budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2054358120910569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066467PMC

Mid-Term Efficacy of Subxiphoid Versus Transpleural Pericardial Window for Pericardial Effusion.

J Surg Res 2020 Mar 23;252:9-15. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: The optimal surgical technique for drainage of pericardial effusions is frequently debated. Transpleural drainage via thoracotomy or thoracoscopy is hypothesized to provide more durable freedom from recurrent pericardial effusion than a subxiphoid pericardial window. We sought to compare operative outcomes and mid-term freedom from recurrent effusion between both approaches in patients with nontraumatic pericardial effusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.01.014DOI Listing

Kidney health for everyone everywhere - from prevention to detection and equitable access to care.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e148

Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Crucially, the onset and progression of CKD is often preventable. The World Kidney Day 2020 campaign highlights the importance of preventive interventions on CKD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e148DOI Listing
April 2020
0.291 Impact Factor

Reactive dicarbonyl compounds cause Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide release and synergize with inflammatory conditions in mouse skin and peritoneum.

J Biol Chem 2020 May 20;295(19):6330-6343. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Universitätsstrasse 17, 91054 Erlangen, Germany

The plasmas of diabetic or uremic patients and of those receiving peritoneal dialysis treatment have increased levels of the glucose-derived dicarbonyl metabolites like methylglyoxal (MGO), glyoxal (GO), and 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG). The elevated dicarbonyl levels can contribute to the development of painful neuropathies. Here, we used stimulated immunoreactive Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (iCGRP) release as a measure of nociceptor activation, and we found that each dicarbonyl metabolite induces a concentration-, TRPA1-, and Ca-dependent iCGRP release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA120.012890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212665PMC

Vitamin K for the treatment of cardiovascular disease in End-Stage Renal Disease patients: is there hope?

Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2020 Mar 20. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, 1st Department of Internal Medicine, AHEPA Hospital, Medical School, 1 Kyriakidi str.. Greece.

In Chronic Kidney Disease, vascular calcification (VC) is highly prevalent even at early stages and is gradually enhanced, along with disease progression to End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). The calcification pattern in uremia includes all types of mineralization and contributes to the heavy cardiovascular (CV) burden that is common in these patients. Ectopic mineralization is the result of the imbalance between inhibitors and promoters of vascular calcification, with the latter overwhelming the former. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1570161118666200320111745DOI Listing

Recombinant Erythropoietin Provides Protection against Renal Fibrosis in Adenine-Induced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Mediators Inflamm 2020 27;2020:8937657. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Unidad de Biotecnología Médica y Farmacéutica, Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, A.C, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) causes anemia by renal damage. In CKD, the kidney is submitted to hypoxia, persistent inflammation, leading to fibrosis and permanent loss of renal function. Human recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) has been widely used to treat CKD-associated anemia and is known to possess organ-protective properties that are independent from its well-established hematopoietic effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8937657DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7063184PMC
February 2020
3.236 Impact Factor

Myostatin in the Arterial Wall of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.

J Atheroscler Thromb 2020 Mar 14. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Clinics, Genoa University and IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino.

Aim: Myostatin (Mstn) has been described as a trigger for the progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the role of Mstn in arterial remodeling in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Methods: Vascular specimens were collected from 16 ESRD patients (56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5551/jat.51144DOI Listing

Plasma Concentrations of Extracellular DNA in Acute Kidney Injury.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Mar 11;10(3). Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Institute of Molecular Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, 81108 Bratislava, Slovakia.

Current diagnostic methods of acute kidney injury (AKI) have limited sensitivity and specificity. Tissue injury has been linked to an increase in the concentrations of extracellular DNA (ecDNA) in plasma. A rapid turnover of ecDNA in the circulation makes it a potential marker with high sensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10030152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151483PMC

Antibodies against Malondialdehyde in Haemodialysis Patients and Its Association with Clinical Outcomes: Differences between Subclasses and Isotypes.

J Clin Med 2020 Mar 11;9(3). Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Unit of Immunology and Chronic Disease, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.

Patients on haemodialysis (HD-patients) have an increased risk of premature death. Low levels of IgM antibodies against malondialdehyde (anti-MDA) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with underlying potential mechanisms described. Here, we studied subclasses and isotypes of anti-MDA in 210 HD-patients with mortality as outcome (56% men, median age 66, Interquartile range (IQR) 51-74 years, vintage time 29 (15-58) months, mean follow up period of 41 (20-60)months). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9030753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141181PMC

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere, from Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2020 Mar;14(2):69-80

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Carol and Richard Yu PD Research Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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March 2020
0.979 Impact Factor

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere - From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Blood Purif 2020 Mar 11:1-8. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506966DOI Listing
March 2020
1.920 Impact Factor

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere - From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Am J Nephrol 2020 11;51(4):255-262. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California, USA,

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506499DOI Listing
March 2020
2.669 Impact Factor

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere - From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care.

Nephron 2020 11;144(4):162-169. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California, USA,

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506963DOI Listing

Kidney health for everyone everywhere - from prevention to detection and equitable access to care.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2020 9;53(3):e9614. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, CA, USA.

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20209614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7076785PMC

Cardiac Remodeling in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 Mar 5;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Clinic for Renal and Hypertensive Disorders, Rheumatological and Immunological Disease, University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Cardiac remodeling occurs frequently in chronic kidney disease patients and affects quality of life and survival. Current treatment options are highly inadequate. As kidney function declines, numerous metabolic pathways are disturbed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12030161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7150902PMC

Adjuvanted recombinant HBV vaccine (HBV-AS04) is effective over extended follow-up in dialysis population. An open-label non randomized trial.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2020 Mar 3. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Division of Nephrology, Maggiore Hospital and IRCCS Foundation, Pad. Croff, Via Commenda 15, 20122 Milano, Italy; University School of Medicine, Milan, Italy.

Background: Patients on regular dialysis show a poor response to hepatitis B vaccine due to uremia. A recombinant HB vaccine (containing an improved adjuvant system AS04, HBV-AS04) has been licensed but the evidence on its efficacy and safety in dialysis population over the long term is extremely limited.

Aim: We have measured antibody (anti-HBs) persistence for up to 72 months in a large cohort of patients on long-term dialysis (with susceptibility to HBV infection) who underwent vaccination with HBV-AS04 vaccine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2020.01.010DOI Listing

[Uremic Toxins in Cognitive Impairment].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2020 Feb;42(1):124-127

Emergency Department,Zhongda Hospital,Southeast University,Nanjing 210009,China.

Patients with uremia can suffer from decreased renal function and endocrine and metabolism disorders,which can lead to the accumulation of toxins in the body.Accumulation of uremic toxins is a major cause of cognitive dysfunction in uremic patients.This article summarizes some of the cognitive dysfunction-related uremic toxins and their possible mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10989DOI Listing
February 2020

Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere - From prevention to detection and equitable access to care.

Nefrologia 2020 Mar - Apr;40(2):133-141

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nefro.2019.11.001DOI Listing
November 2019
1.442 Impact Factor