320,570 results match your criteria Upper Limb Orthotics
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, USA.
Background: The time between the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its successful use is significantly longer in hemodialysis (HD) patients in the United States compared to those in other countries, and there is an urgent need to reduce the residence time of central-venous catheters (CVC).
Methods: Successful AVF creation and maturation results in typical hemodynamic changes, such as an increase in cardiac output and upper body blood flow (UBBF). In patients with CVC as vascular access, we measured once per minute intradialytic central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and hemoglobin levels simultaneously using the Crit-Line Monitor. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York,
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is correlated with cardiac output. In most patients, ScvO2 declines during hemodialysis (HD) due to factors such as reduced preload, myocardial stunning, and intermittent arrhythmias. Previous research has shown that low ScvO2 is associated with higher mortality in chronic HD patients. Read More
Respiration 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Background: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia that is characterized by stiffness in both the upper lobes and pleura, which is evident on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest. However, prognostic factors for IPPFE have not been identified yet.
Objective: We aimed to investigate the clinical prognostic factors affecting survival in patients with IPPFE. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;54:51-54. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Surgery, Epworth Health, Melbourne Australia; Gastrointestinal Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne Australia.
Introduction: There is a known association between Clostridium Septicum, mycotic aneurysm and colon neoplasm.
Case Presentation: We report the case of a 90 year old female admitted with abdominal pain to the general surgery unit. Admission CT scan demonstrated a thick walled caecum and pericaecal inflammation suspicious for a perforated carcinoma. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 22;656:475-481. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
USDA Forest Service, Superior National Forest, 8901 Grand Ave Place, Duluth, MN 55808, USA. Electronic address:
Identifying what determines fish mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation remains a key scientific challenge. While there has been substantial research on spatial variation in fish Hg bioaccumulation, the factors that influence temporal fluctuations in fish Hg have received less attention to date. In this study, we built upon a growing body of research investigating young-of-the-year (YOY) yellow perch Hg bioaccumulation and investigated annual fluctuations in YOY yellow perch Hg in six lakes in northeastern Minnesota over eight years. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 22;656:433-446. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Irstea, UR RiverLy, centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, 5 rue de la Doua, CS 20244, F-69625, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.
Sediments accumulation in reservoirs induces water storage capacities reduction and flood risks increases rendering dam flushing or dredging events compulsory for security reasons. Short transient events like dam flushing monitoring is still a great challenge because the suspended sediments and contaminants concentrations increases could occur over only few hours/days and cover tens of kilometres. Since 1942, 21 dam flushing events have been performed on the Upper Rhône River (from Lake Geneva in Switzerland to Lyon in France) in order to evacuate accumulated sediments behind the Verbois dam (Switzerland). Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology and Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt; Minia University Spine Unit (MUSU), Faculty of Medicine, Minia University. Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt. Electronic address:
Background Data: Complexity in ventral surgical exposure, presence of scapula and large para-scapular musculature during posterior surgery are the main obstacles in operative treatment of Upper Thoracic Spine Compressive Lesions (UTSCL) like trauma, tuberculosis and neoplasm. Recently, the advantages of combined ventro-dorsal surgery could be successfully gained using 1-stage posterior salvage technique with enough accessibility to all three spinal columns.
Purpose: Retrospective evaluation of 35 patients with UTSCL treated by Posterior Extensive Circumferential Decompressive Reconstructive (PECDR) procedure. Read More
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC 4076 Chicago, IL 60637. Electronic address:
Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Norwegian Center for Stem Cell Research, Oslo University Hospital, Norway. Electronic address:
The spinal locomotor central pattern generator (CPG) in neonatal mice exhibits diverse output patterns, ranging from sub-rhythmic to multi-rhythmic to fictive locomotion, depending on its general level of excitation and neuromodulatory status (Sharples and Whelan, 2017). We have recently reported that the locomotor CPG in neonatal mice rapidly recovers the ability to produce neurochemically induced fictive locomotion following an upper lumbar spinal cord compression injury (Züchner et al., 2018). Read More
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Johns Hopkins University, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States ;
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):167-171
Departamento de Piel y Partes Blandas del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Ciudad de México, México.
Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma is a variant in which a high grade osteosarcoma coexists with a parosteal osteosarcoma. We report the case of a 20-year-old female patient who presented with six months of evolution of pain and functional limitation of the right forearm, with no apparent cause; radiographs were performed, observing a tumoral lesion in the diaphysis of the right ulna. Physical examination showed pain upon palpation in the diaphysis of the ulna and limitation of prone-supination. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD013191. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.
Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management and improve morbidity and survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually a localised skin cancer but with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and melanoma are higher risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death. When used in conjunction with clinical or dermoscopic suspicion of malignancy, or both, reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) may help to identify cancers eligible for non-surgical treatment without the need for a diagnostic biopsy, particularly in people with suspected BCC. Read More
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Purpose: The design and surface features of dental implants substantially affect the healing and remodeling of adjacent bones. This study aimed to investigate the impact of design and surface on bone regeneration using implants of two different pitches, each with three different surface features.
Materials And Methods: Custom-manufactured titanium implants (length, 10 mm; diameter, 3. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208435. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Occupational and environmental medicine, Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Recurrent headache, abdominal and musculoskeletal pain are common in adolescents and it is therefore important to understand their impact on the transitional period from childhood to adulthood. However, studies of the prevalence over time and implications on educational outcomes are still limited, especially regarding multiple pain symptoms. The present study material consists of questionnaire surveys, completed in 2000 and 2008, including two study populations of 9th grade adolescents aged 15 living in West Sweden (n = 20 877). Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207611. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an upper respiratory tract disease of chickens that is caused by infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), an alphaherpesvirus. This disease causes significant economic loses in poultry industries worldwide. Despite widespread use of commercial live attenuated vaccines, many poultry industries continue to experience outbreaks of disease caused by ILTV. Read More
Hum Factors 2018 Dec 6:18720818814107. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Ohio State University, Columbus.
Objective:: To explore the change of muscular and biomechanical responses in different load stability and visual access conditions during an asymmetric lifting task.
Background:: Previous studies found that lifting unstable loads resulted in changes to the biomechanical loads experienced by the spine and upper extremities. However, researchers have not extensively investigated behaviors when people lift potentially unstable loads. Read More
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):354-359. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación Norte “Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez”, Curso de especialidad médica en Medicina de Rehabilitación. Ciudad de México, México
Background: The diabetic neuropathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. The reported prevalence ranges from 10-90%. Electrophysiological alterations can be demonstrated in nearly 100% of diabetics. Read More
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2018 Dec 6:e12621. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark.
Background: QRS narrowing after CRT is a predictor of patient outcome. Further narrowing can be obtained by interventricular pacing delay (VVd) optimization, raising interest to inter and intraobserver variation in manual measurements of QRS duration.
Methods: (a) Variation in intrinsic rhythm QRS duration in CRT patients with LBBB: In 40 intrinsic 12-lead ECGs, six observers measured QRS duration defined as widest QRS in any lead. Read More
Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Anatomy, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Introduction: The study of human anatomy is fundamental to medical education globally. Knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy is essential for safe and effective clinical practice, yet this topic often receives insufficient medical programme time and perceptions differ regarding which knowledge is core. Given the lack of syllabuses specific to musculoskeletal anatomy, this paper aims to provide a detailed syllabus for the vertebral column and limbs relevant to medical students. Read More
J Intern Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK.
Background: A lack of consensus exists among national guidelines regarding who should be investigated for haematuria. Type of haematuria and age specific thresholds are frequently used to guide referral for investigation of haematuria.
Objectives: To develop and externally validate the haematuria cancer risk score (HCRS) to improve patient selection for investigation of haematuria. Read More
J Neuroendocrinol 2018 Dec 6:e12667. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, Toyama, 930-8555, Japan.
Sulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8s) is involved in feeding regulation as an anorexigenic neuropeptide in vertebrates. In rodents, intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of CCK-8s has been shown to affect not only feeding behavior, but also psychomotor activity. However, there is still no information regarding the psychophysiological effects of CCK-8s in goldfish. Read More
Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Background: We investigated the practice patterns of surgery for advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) through relevant international surveys.
Methods: After searching for 878 studies on surgery for AOC till 2017, we extracted 18 questions with similar query and answer formats from eight studies. Among them, 5 and 13 were classified as comprehensive and procedure information. Read More
Eur Heart J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität München, Lazarettstrasse 36, Munich, Germany.
Aims: Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) provide short-term coronary artery scaffolding and drug delivery. Although prior trials showed a higher rate of device failure compared with conventional drug-eluting stents (DES), only a single trial investigated patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to compare outcomes with BRS vs. Read More
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Departments of Surgery.
Objective: Ultrasound (US) evaluation of biliary pathology can be influenced by a variety of factors. This study examines the effect of patient specific factors on the accuracy of sonographic evaluation of gallbladder wall thickness (GBW).
Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent cholecystectomy at a single institution from November 2012 to October 2015. Read More
Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
From the Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN.
Bladder compliance refers to the ability of the bladder to accommodate large volumes of urine. Patients with low bladder compliance may present with persistent urinary incontinence and/or evidence of upper tract damage. Clinicians often may not consider low bladder compliance in their differential for patients complaining of bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms. Read More
Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):791. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Department of Rheumatology, Mercy University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
Aim To present an interesting case of giant cell arteritis presenting as ischaemic upper limb. Methods Data was collected from the patient’s chart and from radiology and laboratory systems in our institution. Results The patient had a temporal artery biopsy confirming the diagnosis of temporal arteritis. Read More
Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
UAB, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA, IRTA-UAB), Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
The present study investigated the co-localization of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and its receptor dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) across respiratory and lymphoid organs of experimentally MERS-CoV infected pigs and llamas by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Also, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed to assess the ciliary integrity of respiratory epithelial cells in both species. In pigs, on day 2 post-inoculation (p. Read More
Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1238-1241
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
Objectives: To determine the mean nasal skin thickness in the Middle Eastern population and to assess the effect of skin thickness on patients' satisfaction following rhinoplasty surgeries. Methods: Radiological measurements of skin thickness at the 3 vertical thirds of the nasal dorsum were taken. A total of 154 patients (80 females and 74 males) who were scheduled for computed tomography scan for the paranasal sinuses were included in the study. Read More
Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):107-113
Department of Physical Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland.
Purpose: Upper limb impairment in the early phase of brain stroke is one of the key problems in rehabilitation. An estimation of muscle force can be a helpful factor for functional improvement after a stroke. The primary goals of this study were to determine the muscles with the lowest force in the affected (A) and non-affected (non-A) upper limb. Read More
J Dig Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
Objective: Few studies have systematically assessed symptom-based diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in China. This study aimed to evaluate the positive endoscopic and ultrasonographic findings in symptom-based FGID patients.
Methods: Adult patients with gastrointestinal symptoms but not red flag symptoms who were empirically diagnosed with FGIDs underwent upper and/or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy based on their symptoms. Read More
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Yonsei University, Chemical Biomolecular Engineering, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, 120-749, Seoul, KOREA, REPUBLIC OF.
We first report the structural orientation of an amphiphilic crystalline polymer to a highly ordered microphase-separated lamellar structure on a hydrophobic surface. It is formed by the surface graft polymerization of poly(ethylene glycol)behenyl ether methacrylate onto poly(trimethylsilyl) propyne in the presence of allylamine. In particular, allylamine plays a pivotal role in controlling the crystalline phase, configuration and permeation property. Read More
Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Madrid, Spain.
Upper eyelid gold weight implants are an established tool in the symptomatic treatment of lagophthalmos, the inability to close your eyes completely. Complications associated to this procedure are infrequent. When noted, non-infectious inflammatory reactions corresponding to type IV hypersensitivity reactions are resolved with the removal of the implant. Read More
Atten Percept Psychophys 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Experimental & Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Numerous studies have shown that visual performance critically depends on the stimulus' projected retinal location. For example, performance tends to be better along the horizontal relative to the vertical meridian (lateral anisotropy). Another case is the so-called upper-lower anisotropy, whereby performance is better in the upper relative to the lower hemifield. Read More