34,249 results match your criteria Ultrasonography Pelvic


Ultrasonographic and multimodal imaging of pediatric genital female diseases.

J Ultrasound 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Imaging, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital Research Institute, P.za S.Onofrio 4, Via Torre di Palidoro, Palidoro, Rome, Italy.

Ultrasonography is the first-line imaging modality in the evaluation of the female pelvis in childhood and adolescence, because it is easy to perform, non-invasive and it does not require sedation. The transabdominal approach is preferred in children and adolescents, after filling the bladder to move away the bowel loops from the pelvis. The probe frequency must be adapted to age, thickness of tissues and depth of the structures under examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-019-00358-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The diagnostic utility of retroperitoneoscopic tissue biopsy for unresectable retroperitoneal lesions excluding urogenital cancers.

World J Surg Oncol 2019 Feb 18;17(1):35. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Urology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.

Background: Retroperitoneal tumors are an uncommon disease known to consist of a diverse group of benign and malignant neoplasms. Treatment of unresectable retroperitoneal lesions requires pathological diagnosis. Here, we report the utility and safety of retroperitoneoscopic biopsy for unresectable retroperitoneal lesions excluding urogenital cancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-019-1581-0DOI Listing
February 2019

An Environmental Scan of the National and Provincial Diagnostic Reference Levels in Canada for Common Adult Computed Tomography Scans.

Can Assoc Radiol J 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Several regulatory bodies have agreed that low-dose radiation used in medical imaging is a weak carcinogen that follows a linear, non-threshold model of cancer risk. While avoiding radiation is the best course of action to mitigate risk, computed tomography (CT) scans are often critical for diagnosis. In addition to the as low as reasonably achievable principle, a more concrete method of dose reduction for common CT imaging exams is the use of a diagnostic reference level (DRL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carj.2018.07.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Semi-quantitative indices of cardiac uptake in patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis undergoing 99mTc-HMDP scintigraphy.

J Nucl Cardiol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Tuscan Regional Amyloid Centre, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Background: 99mTc-HMDP scintigraphy has proved its efficacy in non-invasive diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and is currently interpreted according to the Perugini qualitative assessment. Several semi-quantitative indices have been proposed to overcome inherent possible limitations of visual grading. Our aim was to comparatively evaluate six different indices and their diagnostic performance. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12350-019-01643-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12350-019-01643-wDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[A Case of Intussusception Due to Sigmoid Colon Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Jan;46(1):115-117

Dept. of Gastroenterology and Surgery, Sano City Hospital.

A 78-year-old man was referred to our hospital with diarrhea, melena, and weight loss. During a digital rectal examination, a protuberant mass located 7-8 cm above the anal verge was palpable. Computed tomography(CT)scans of his chest, abdomen, and pelvis revealed an intestinal obstruction with a target sign in the lower rectum, indicating intussusception due to a sigmoid colon mass. Read More

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January 2019

99mTc-LLEC Renal Dynamic Scan in a Patient With Pelvic Neuroblastoma.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, JIPMER, Puducherry, Pondicherry, India.

A 5-month-old boy with ultrasonography showing bilateral hydronephrosis, referred for renal scan. On Tc-L,L,ethylenedicysteine (Tc-LLEC) renal scan, tracer blush in flow images in the region of urinary bladder was seen and tumor mass was suspected. Contrast-enhanced CT showed a soft tissue mass in sacrococcygeal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002491DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in t-staging of prostate cancer: a multicenter study].

Urologiia 2018 Oct(4):106-112

European Medical Center, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: The study aimed to analyze the diagnostic performance of preoperative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) in the staging of prostate cancer (PCa) versus postoperative histological examination and determine the most sensitive pulse sequence from the mp-MRI protocol in estimating the local extent of PCa.

Materials And Methods: The study comprised 112 men aged 52 to 84 years with a morphologically verified diagnosis of prostate cancer. All patients underwent pelvic mp-MRI before radical prostatectomy (RPE) no earlier than six weeks after the prostate biopsy. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Diagnostic Accuracy of Refractory Shadowing from Uterine Leiomyomas: Sonographic-Pathologic Correlation.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):120-125

Dr Tapashi Rahman Khan, Assistant Professor, Department Radiology and Imaging, Dhaka Community Medical College & Hospital, Mogbazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Radiology & Imaging, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2010 to June 2011 with a view to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of refractory shadowing on transabdominal pelvic sonography for leiomyomas and in differentiating them from other pelvic masses. Histopathological examination of the surgically resected masses was taken as the standard diagnostic tool. A total number of 50 patients of pelvic masses were studied. Read More

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January 2019

Urine retention in cattle putatively associated with injection of an ivermectin and closantel anthelmintic formulation into the ischiorectal fossa.

N Z Vet J 2019 Feb 11:1-19. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a School of Veterinary Science , Massey University , Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North , 4442 , New Zealand.

Case History: A group of 39, 19- to 22-month-old Friesian bulls were administered an ivermectin/closantel anthelmintic via intended S/C injection in the ischiorectal fossa on 15 June 2017 (Day 0). Over the next 50 days, 22 affected bulls presented various degrees of anorexia, abdominal pain and urine dribbling. Seventeen bulls were examined by transrectal ultrasonography which revealed urinary bladder distension in all 17, and peritoneal fluid accumulation in some. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00480169.2019.1581112DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relationship of blood flow in the common iliac vein to lower urinary tract disease.

J Med Ultrason (2001) 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan.

Purpose: The relationship between blood flow and lower urinary tract disease was explored by measuring blood flow in the common iliac vein to examine the influence of pelvic congestion on lower urinary tract symptoms.

Methods: Color Doppler ultrasonography of the right common iliac vein was performed in 113 men and 60 women, who were outpatients of two Japanese hospitals. Average blood flow velocity and cross-sectional area of the vein were measured, and blood flow volume was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10396-019-00927-5DOI Listing
February 2019

An unusual cause of postmenopausal vaginal haemorrhage: a case report.

BMC Womens Health 2019 Feb 7;19(1):31. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

The International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 145, Guang-yuan Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200030, China.

Background: Post-menopause vaginal haemorrhage is typically related to gynaecological malignancies. Bleeding from vaginal varices rarely occurs, especially in nonpregnant women. Moreover, nonpregnancy-related causes of vaginal varicosities include portal hypertension, especially that caused by liver cirrhosis, pelvic congestion syndrome and Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome or Parkes-Weber syndrome. Read More

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https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0731-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367833PMC
February 2019
2 Reads
1.657 Impact Factor

Surgical management of tailgut cysts: A rare case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14448

Department of General Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Rationale: Tailgut cysts are a type of very rare congenital polycystic lesions that are always located posterior to the rectum and anterior to the sacrum. The symptoms of tailgut cysts are nonspecific and misleading. Therefore, a full understanding of the characteristics of tailgut cysts is important for their diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201902080-0009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014448DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Metallic artifact reduction by evaluation of the additional value of iterative reconstruction algorithms in hip prosthesis computed tomography imaging.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14341

Radiology Department, Geneva University Hospital, Genève, Switzerland.

To evaluate iterative metal artifact reduction (iMAR) technique in images data of hip prosthesis on computed tomography (CT) and the added value of advanced modeled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE) compared with standard filtered back projection (FBP).Twenty-eight patients addressed to CT examinations for hip prosthesis were included prospectively. Images were reconstructed with iMAR algorithm in addition to FBP and ADMIRE techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014341DOI Listing
February 2019

Exam-level dose monitoring in CT: quality metric consideration for multiple series acquisitions.

Med Phys 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Diagnostic Imaging Physics, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, 02114.

Purpose: Multi-series CT examination is common in the clinic, but no metric is agreed upon to report the overall dose from such an examination. This work proposes a relevant metric for tracking patient dose from multi-series examinations and illustrates the evaluation method through explanatory examples.

Materials And Methods: In each acquisition series, a previously reported method was used to evaluate the cross-sectional average dose along the z-axis of a water phantom, with inputs of CTDI , scan length, tube current, and patient water-equivalent diameter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.13431DOI Listing
February 2019
2.635 Impact Factor

Ultrasonographic Assessment with Three-Dimensional Mode of the Urethral Compression Effect following Sling Surgery with and without Mesh Surgery.

Biomed Res Int 2019 6;2019:8285351. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Orthopedics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess anatomical changes in the urethra at rest and during straining following sling surgery with and without transvaginal mesh surgery (TVM) in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with or without pelvic organ prolapse (POP) using three-dimensional ultrasonography.

Methods: 76 women with SUI with or without pelvic organ prolapse after sling surgery. They underwent sling surgery alone (S group, n=36) or concomitant TVM (M group, n=40). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8285351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339735PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and practice characteristics of urban and rural or remote Australian chiropractors: Analysis of a nationally representative sample of 1830 chiropractors.

Aust J Rural Health 2019 Feb 5;27(1):34-41. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and clinical management characteristics of chiropractors practising in urban and rural or remote Australia.

Design: A cross-sectional analysis of the Australian Chiropractic Research Network project data.

Setting: Nationally representative sample of registered chiropractors practising in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12447DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Artificial intelligence system of faster region-based convolutional neural network surpassing senior radiologists in evaluation of metastatic lymph nodes of rectal cancer.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb;132(4):379-387

Department of General Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510655, China.

Background: An artificial intelligence system of Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN) is newly developed for the diagnosis of metastatic lymph node (LN) in rectal cancer patients. The primary objective of this study was to comprehensively verify its accuracy in clinical use.

Methods: Four hundred fourteen patients with rectal cancer discharged between January 2013 and March 2015 were collected from 6 clinical centers, and the magnetic resonance imaging data for pelvic metastatic LNs of each patient was identified by Faster R-CNN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000095DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Rectal ultrasound with fine needle aspiration: an underutilized modality for delineating and diagnosing perirectal, presacral, and pelvic lesions.

Endosc Int Open 2019 Feb 18;7(2):E171-E177. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Gastroenterology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States.

 The merits of rectal ultrasound for rectal cancer staging are well documented. Conventional approaches to accessing perirectal and presacral lesions entail computed tomography guidance via a transgluteal approach or frank surgical exploration. We report on the safety and efficacy of performing rectal ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (RUS-FNA) for evaluating perirectal, presacral, and pelvic abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0743-5356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338543PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Extravascular findings during upper limb computed tomographic angiography focusing on undiagnosed malignancy.

World J Radiol 2019 Jan;11(1):10-18

Department of Interventional Radiology, Guys' and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London SE17EH, United Kingdom.

Background: Computer tomography angiography (CTA) has been an established method for diagnostic vascular disease of lower limbs. Recently, the method is widely used for diagnosis of vascular pathologies in the upper limbs too. It also has increased the possibilities of this scans being reviewed by no specially trained radiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4329/wjr.v11.i1.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354083PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Comparison of bone lesion distribution between prostate cancer and multiple myeloma with whole-body MRI.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Radiology, Institut de Recherche expérimentale et Clinique (IREC), cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), 1200 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the distribution of bone lesions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and those with multiple myeloma (MM) using whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); and to assess the added value of four anatomical regions located outside the thoraco-lumbo-pelvic area to detect the presence of bone lesions in a patient-based perspective.

Materials And Methods: Fifty patients (50 men; mean age, 67±10 [SD] years; range, 59-87 years) with PCa and forty-seven patients (27 women, 20 men; mean age, 62.5±9 [SD] years; range, 47-90 years) with MM were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019

[High definition MRI rectal lymph node aided diagnostic system based on deep neural network].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;57(2):108-113

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266000, China.

To investigate the clinical significance of high definition (HD) MRI rectal lymph node aided diagnostic system based on deep neural network. The research selected 301 patients with rectal cancer who underwent pelvic HD MRI and reported pelvic lymph node metastasis from July 2016 to December 2017 in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. According to the chronological order, the first 201 cases were used as learning group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Lumbar fusion involving the sacrum increases dislocation risk in primary total hip arthroplasty.

Bone Joint J 2019 Feb;101-B(2):198-206

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Aims: Concurrent hip and spine pathologies can alter the biomechanics of spinopelvic mobility in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study examines how differences in pelvic orientation of patients with spine fusions can increase the risk of dislocation risk after THA.

Patients And Methods: We identified 84 patients (97 THAs) between 1998 and 2015 who had undergone spinal fusion prior to primary THA. Read More

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https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/10.1302/0301-620X.101
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B2.BJJ-2018-0754.R1DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Ewing's Sarcoma and Primary Osseous Lymphoma: Spectrum of Imaging Appearances.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Feb 30;23(1):36-57. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Radiology, AZ Sint-Maarten Mechelen, University Hospital Antwerp, Ghent University, Mechelen, Belgium.

Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a rare, highly malignant anaplastic stem cell tumor. Histologically, the tumor consists of uniform densely packed small monomorphic cells with round nuclei. The typical appearance at hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining is small blue round cells without any matrix formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676125DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Analyses of the factors influencing the accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound in comparison with cone-beam CT in image-guided radiotherapy for prostate cancer with or without pelvic lymph node irradiation.

Radiat Oncol 2019 Jan 29;14(1):22. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, No. 651, Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, China.

Background: Three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) is an attractive option in image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) for prostate cancer (PCa) patients. However, the potential factors influencing the accuracy of 3DUS in comparison with cone-beam CT (CBCT) in IGRT for PCa patients haven't been clearly identified.

Methods: The differences between US/US and CBCT/CT registrations were analyzed over 586 and 580 sessions for 24 and 25 PCa patients treated with or without pelvic lymph node irradiation, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-019-1217-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352439PMC
January 2019
1 Read

MR Defecography in Assessing Functional Defecation Disorder: Diagnostic Value of the Defecation Phase in Detection of Dyssynergic Defecation and Pelvic Floor Prolapse in Females.

Digestion 2019 Jan 29:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Colon and Rectum Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: Dyssynergic defecation (DD) and pelvic floor prolapse often coexist in female functional defecation disorder. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the ability of dynamic MR sequences with the straining and defecation phase to detect paradoxical puborectalis contraction and occult multiple-compartments disorders.

Methods: Fifty-three females clinically diagnosed with DD underwent magnetic resonance defecography. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494249
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494249DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
2.032 Impact Factor

Convolutional Neural Networks for Radiologic Images: A Radiologist's Guide.

Radiology 2019 Jan 29:180547. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheba Medical Center, Emek HaEla St 1, Ramat Gan, Israel (S.S., M.M.A., E.K.); Faculty of Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Image Processing Laboratory, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel (A.B., H.G.); and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel (S.S., O.S.).

Deep learning has rapidly advanced in various fields within the past few years and has recently gained particular attention in the radiology community. This article provides an introduction to deep learning technology and presents the stages that are entailed in the design process of deep learning radiology research. In addition, the article details the results of a survey of the application of deep learning-specifically, the application of convolutional neural networks-to radiologic imaging that was focused on the following five major system organs: chest, breast, brain, musculoskeletal system, and abdomen and pelvis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018180547DOI Listing
January 2019

A novel concept for female infertility exploration: the Fertiliscan©, a dedicated all-in-one 3D ultrasound exploration.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, Université Paris-Est Val de Marne, Créteil, France. Electronic address:

The investigation of the probable cause of infertility is mandatory to propose an accurate therapeutic option to the infertile couple i.e. good chance of pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of the female pelvic floor-a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitário de São João, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Pelvic floor dysfunctions represent a range of functional disorders that frequently occur in adult women, carrying a significant burden on the quality of life, and its incidence tends to increase attending to the expected aging of the population. Pelvic floor dysfunctions can manifest as incontinence, constipation, and prolapsed pelvic organs. Since pelvic floor weakness is frequently generalized and clinically underdiagnosed, imaging evaluation is of major importance, especially prior to surgical correction. Read More

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https://insightsimaging.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0687-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352388PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Pelvic Osteomyelitis in a Child - A Diagnostic Dilemma.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):86-88

Department of Orthopaedics, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Pelvic osteomyelitis presents a diagnostic challenge due to its rarity and non-specific presentation. Early advance imaging in the form of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is warranted if clinical suspicion is high. We present an unusual case of pubic rami osteomyelitis, presenting with clinical findings of septic arthritis treated appropriately with early imaging and intravenous antibiotics with satisfactory outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343553PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Diagnostic value of imaging (ultrasonography, doppler, CT, MR, PET-CT) for the diagnosis of a suspicious ovarian mass and staging of ovarian, tubal or primary peritoneal cancer: Article drafted from the French Guidelines in oncology entitled "Initial management of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer" developed by FRANCOGYN, CNGOF, SFOG, GINECO-ARCAGY under the aegis of CNGOF and endorsed by INCa].

Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Service de radiologie, université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm UMR-S970, Cardiovascular Research Center - PARCC, 56, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France.

Transvaginal ultrasound is the first-line examination allowing characterizing 80 to 90% of adnexal masses (LP1). If performed by an expert, a subjective analysis is optimal. If performed by a non-expert, combining the use of Simple Rules with subjective analysis can achieve the diagnostic performance of an expert (LP1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gofs.2018.12.012DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Differentiating supraclavicular from gluteal adipose tissue based on simultaneous PDFF and T * mapping using a 20-echo gradient-echo acquisition.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Adipose tissue (AT) can be classified into white and brown/beige subtypes. Chemical shift encoding-based water-fat MRI-techniques allowing simultaneous mapping of proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and T * result in a lower PDFF and a shorter T * in brown compared with white AT. However, AT T * values vary widely in the literature and are primarily based on 6-echo data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26661DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Quantitative tumor perfusion imaging with Rubidium-PET/CT in prostate cancer - analytical and clinical validation.

J Nucl Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Aarhus University Hospital, Dept of Nuclear Medicine and PET-Centre, Denmark.

The aim of this work was to evaluate Rubidium (Rb) positron emission tomography (PET) / computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic tool for quantitative tumor blood flow (TBF) imaging in prostate cancer (PCa). Study 1 was performed to evaluate Rb as a marker of TBF, using O-H2O-PET as reference method. Study 2 investigated the ability of Rb uptake measurements to differentiate between PCa and normal prostate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.118.219188DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Performance of a Hospital Pathway for Patients With a New Single Brain Mass.

J Oncol Pract 2019 Jan 25:JOP1700098. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Purpose:: To reduce care variation and improve the management of patients with newly identified single brain masses and no history of cancer, we implemented a dedicated admission protocol.

Methods:: We reviewed records of 206 patients who presented to our emergency department between January 2010 and May 2016 with a new single brain mass but no history of cancer. Patients admitted before the protocol implementation were designated the pre-implementation group (PRE), and those admitted after implementation were designated the post-implementation group (POST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JOP.17.00098DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

What Is the Reliability and Accuracy of Intraoperative Fluoroscopy in Evaluating Anterior, Lateral, and Posterior Coverage During Periacetabular Osteotomy?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for acetabular dysplasia in the skeletally mature individual. Fluoroscopy is used intraoperatively for osteotomy completion and to judge fragment correction. However, a comprehensive study validating fluoroscopy to judge anterior, lateral, and posterior coverage in PAO has not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000616DOI Listing
January 2019
2.765 Impact Factor

Combination of Sonographic Morphology Score and Tumor Markers for Detecting Postoperative Recurrent Pelvic Ovarian Carcinoma: Compared With MRI Assessment.

Ultrasound Q 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Nantong University Affiliated Nantong Tumor Hospital, Nantong.

To assess the efficacy of the combination of sonographic morphology score (SMS) with CA125 and HE4 for detecting recurrent pelvic ovarian carcinoma (OC). Data of 58 OC patients treated in our hospital between 2014 and 2016 were analyzed. After cytoreductive surgery and routine chemotherapy, all patients were followed up by transvaginal ultrasound examination (SMS for pelvic masses based on volume and structure scores) and tumor marker (serum CA125 and HE4) detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000394DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Long-term outcome following surgical and radiation treatment of vertebral angiomatosis in a cat.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 Dec;253(12):1604-1609

CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old 5.2-kg (11.4-lb) neutered male domestic shorthair cat was referred because of a 6-week history of progressive paraparesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.253.12.1604DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
1.557 Impact Factor

Serum Troponin Level in Acute Ischemic Stroke Identifies Patients with Visceral Infarcts.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Neurology, the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Patients with ischemic stroke of cardioembolic origin are at risk of visceral (renal or splenic) infarction. We hypothesized that serum troponin level at time of ischemic stroke would be associated with presence of visceral infarction.

Methods: Data were abstracted from a single center prospective stroke database over 18 months and included all patients with ischemic stroke who underwent contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis for clinical purposes within 1 year of stroke. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10523057193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Correlation of Subcutaneous Fat Measured on Ultrasound with Body Mass Index.

J Med Ultrasound 2018 Oct-Dec;26(4):205-209. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging Technologies, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) is used for the assessment of obesity and overweight worldwide. When body fat is increased BMI is also increased. Ultrasound is a reliable method to assess body fat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JMU.JMU_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314101PMC
December 2018
1 Read

[A CASE REPORT: LITHIASIS OF THE LEFT ECTOPIC PELVIC KIDNEY].

Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;109(1):54-57

The Department of Urology, Osaka Police Hospital.

We report a case of lithiasis of the left ectopic pelvic kidney. A 70-year-old man was admitted to our department for left lower back pain. He has been aware of gross hematuria since three or four years before. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5980/jpnjurol.109.54DOI Listing
February 2019
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Machine Learning to Differentiate T2-Weighted Hyperintense Uterine Leiomyomas from Uterine Sarcomas by Utilizing Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Quantitative Imaging Features.

Acad Radiol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1, Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.

Rationale And Objective: Uterine leiomyomas with high signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) can be difficult to distinguish from sarcomas. This study assessed the feasibility of using machine learning to differentiate uterine sarcomas from leiomyomas with high signal intensity on T2WI on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 80 patients (50 with benign leiomyoma and 30 with uterine sarcoma) who underwent pelvic 3 T magnetic resonance imaging examination for the evaluation of uterine myometrial smooth muscle masses with high signal intensity on T2WI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2018.11.014DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Pure large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of ovary: A rare clinical entity.

J Exp Ther Oncol 2019 Jan;13(1):55-58

Zekai Tahir Burak Woman's Health Education And Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the ovary is a rare tumour. Its pure form without any associated surface epithelial stromal or germ cell component is more rarely seen. Its prognosis is generally very poor even when the diagnosis is made at an early stage. Read More

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January 2019
5 Reads

Imaging of Emphysematous Osteomyelitis.

PM R 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Diagnostic Radiology, University of Washington.

Emphysematous osteomyelitis (EO) is an extremely rare, aggressive, and potentially fatal variant of osteomyelitis that requires immediate diagnosis and prompt treatment. Ram et al. first described intra-osseous gas in the context of emphysematous osteomyelitis in 1981, and there have been less than 40 published cases of EO in the literature to date. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/pmrj.12074
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12074DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis in an adult with congenital hypopituitarism: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(3):e13997

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Rationale: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a common hip problem in adolescents, usually individuals between 8 and 15 years old. Because of the frequent finding of growth abnormalities in affected children, various endocrine disturbances have been reported as the cause of the disease. However, there are few case reports of older patients in previous literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013997DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Isolated IgG4-related gastric disease presenting as diffuse gastric wall thickening with ulcer.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Sep 30;12(9):9-20. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

An 81-year-old male presented with loss of appetite, early satiety and iron deficiency anaemia. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis during initial work-up revealed diffuse gastric mural thickening associated with a large ulcer and adjacent gastro-hepatic lymphadenopathy. The CT appearances, together with the clinical features, were highly suspicious for an infiltrative type of gastric malignancy. Read More

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http://radiologycases.com/index.php/radiologycases/article/v
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i9.3493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312045PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Abdominal CT Scan Findings of Decompression Sickness: A Case Report.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Oct 31;12(10):17-23. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Radiology, Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

This case report depicts the radiologic findings of a 51-year-old male presenting with Decompression Sickness. Decompression Sickness is diagnosed clinically, therefore radiologic imaging of this disease entity is limited. Our patient's history includes a scuba dive to depth of 110 feet with a descending time of 24 minutes and an ascending time of 8 minutes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i10.3425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312119PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Musculoskeletal hydatid disease: report of a rare case with primary and exclusive localization in right hemi-pelvis and femur.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2018 Nov-Dec;32(6 Suppl. 1):83-87

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology of IRCCS San Matteo University Hospital Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

Hydatid Disease (HD), also called , is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm : or . HD occur most frequently in liver or lungs, rarely in brain, skeletal muscles, bones, kidneys, spleen. Bone infestation of cysts occurs respectively by haematogenous seeding and progressive invasion into bone by lesions in the adjacent soft tissues. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Ultrasound-Guided Hip Injections.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

From the Department of Orthopedics, Columbia University, New York, NY.

The diagnosis of hip pain can be difficult to isolate because the discomfort can originate from several locations and compensatory pain patterns. Pain generators can include the intra- and extra-articular hip structures, the lumbar spine, the pelvic floor, or a combination of these. It can also be referred as pain from the bowel, bladder, or reproductive organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00908DOI Listing
January 2019

Lymphedema, serious adverse events, and imaging 1 year after comprehensive staging for endometrial cancer: results from the RASHEC trial.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2019 Jan;29(1):86-93

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet and Theme Cancer, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Objectives: In the Robot Assisted Surgery for High Risk Endometrial Cancer (RASHEC) trial, patients with high-risk endometrial cancer were randomly assigned to robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) or laparotomy for pelvic and infrarenal para-aortic lymph node dissection. We here report on self-reported lower limb lymphedema (LLL), lymphocyst formation, ascites, and long-term serious adverse events 12 months after surgery.

Patients And Methods: Patients were enrolled between 2013 and 2016, and 96 patients were included in the per protocol analysis, evenly distributed between RALS and laparotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2018-000019DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

[Lead intoxication revealing sickle cell disease].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 31;30:305. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Service de Rhumatologie, CHU Mohammed VI, BP 2360 principal, Avenue Ibn Sina, Marrakech, Maroc.

We here report the case of a 18 year old patient with two brothers who died from sickle cell anemia. He had a 5-day history of diffuse bone pain. He had drunk a preparation containing lead to obtain an analgesic effect without improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.305.16222DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320453PMC
January 2019
1 Read