3,496 results match your criteria Ulnar Neuropathy


Outcomes of ulnar nerve anterior transmuscular transposition and significance of ulnar nerve instability in cubital tunnel syndrome.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Advanced Orthopaedics Associates, PA, Wichita, KS, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, KS, USA. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the experience of a single surgeon with ulnar nerve anterior transmuscular transposition with the patient in the lateral decubitus position for cubital tunnel syndrome.

Methods: The medical records of all patients who underwent primary or revision ulnar nerve anterior transmuscular transposition were screened to define a cohort of 156 patients (162 limbs) for further study of demographic and disease-specific data and retrospective assessment of short-term outcomes. Ulnar neuropathy severity was stratified by McGowan grade. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.11.054DOI Listing
February 2019

Ulnar Distribution Paresthesia, Weakness and Atrophy: a Characteristic Presentation of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04866-2DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Supercharge End-to-Side Anterior Interosseous Nerve to Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer for Severe Ulnar Neuropathy: Two Cases Suggesting Recovery Secondary to Nerve Transfer.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Sep-Oct;8(5):25-28

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of British Columbia St. Paul's Hospital -3rd Floor, Room 339A 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada.

Introduction: The supercharged end-to-side (SETS) anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to ulnar nerve transfer has been recently described for severe cubital tunnel syndrome. Previous studies have suggested that this technique augments or "babysits" the motor end plates until reinnervation occurs; however, it has more recently been suggested that reinnervation occurs by the donor nerve as evidenced in animal research.

Case Report: We present two cases of rapidly progressive ulnar neuropathy who underwent a SETS AIN to ulnar nerve transfer who demonstrated improvement in their electrodiagnostic studies in addition to improvement in their clinical and patient-reported outcome's scores postoperatively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367287PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Towards in vivo determination of peripheral nervous system immune activity in ALS.

Muscle Nerve 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Neurology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Leipziger Straße 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany.

Introduction: We aimed to identify ALS patients displaying suspected peripheral nervous system (PNS) inflammation, to compare them to those with suspected PNS degeneration.

Methods: We measured sonographic median and ulnar nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) and CSF albumin/serum albumin ratio (Q ) in ALS patients, to classify them as having suspected PNS degeneration (small CSA/low Q ) or inflammation (larger CSA/high Q ).

Results: 57% of patients had suspected PNS degeneration, 21% had suspected PNS inflammation, and 21% displayed suspected "normal PNS state". Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26444DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Surgical revision of radial head fractures: a multicenter retrospective analysis of 466 cases.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Center for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, University Medical Center of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Radial head fractures lead to persisting disability in a considerable number of cases. This study aimed to investigate their most common revision causes and procedures.

Methods: This multicenter retrospective study reviewed the cases of 466 adult patients who had undergone surgical revision after operative or nonoperative treatment of a radial head fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.11.047DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Entrapment Neuropathies of the Upper Extremity.

Med Clin North Am 2019 Mar;103(2):357-370

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, WACC 739B, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:

Upper extremity entrapment neuropathies are common and can cause pain, sensory loss, and muscle weakness that lead to functional disability. In this article, the authors review common entrapment neuropathies of the upper extremities, including median neuropathy at the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome), ulnar neuropathy at the elbow, and radial neuropathy. The authors discuss the pathophysiology of nerve compression and typical etiologies, as well as strategies for differentiating between common mimics such as cervical radiculopathy and for selecting between various treatment modalities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2018.10.012DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

High resolution ultrasonography of peripheral nerves in diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S71-S76

Department of Neurology, Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess the usefulness of high-resolution ultrasonography (HRU) in the evaluation of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Methods: Thirty-seven adult diabetic patients with clinically diagnosed DPN and 45 healthy adult volunteers were included in the study. HRU of the right medial, ulnar, common peroneal, and posterior tibial nerves was done. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250719DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Prospective evaluation of sleep improvement after cubital tunnel decompression surgery.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Compromised sleep is a known phenomenon with compressive neuropathies such as carpal tunnel syndrome. However, the prevalence of sleep disturbance with cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) and the effect on sleep after ulnar nerve decompression are not well understood. We hypothesized that CuTS results in sleep disturbances and that decompression surgery would result in improvement in overall sleep quality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.11.046DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Cross-Palm Nerve Grafts to Enhance Sensory Recovery in Severe Ulnar Neuropathy.

Hand (N Y) 2019 Jan 24:1558944718822851. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Intrinsic atrophy and debilitating sensory loss are prominent features of severe ulnar neuropathy with limited surgical options to reliably improve recovery. Restoration of sensation is important to provide protection for the vulnerable ulnar border of the hand. Here, we report our experience with side-to-side sensory nerve grafting from the median to ulnar nerve in the palm to enhance ulnar sensory recovery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944718822851DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Complications of open reduction and internal fixation of distal humerus fractures.

EFORT Open Rev 2018 Oct 24;3(10):558-567. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

First Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Attikon Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Treatment of distal humerus fractures is demanding. Surgery is the optimal treatment and preoperative planning is based on fracture type and degree of comminution.Fixation with two precontoured anatomical locking plates at 90:90 orthogonal or 180 parallel is the optimal treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/2058-5241.3.180009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335604PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Role of Ultrasound to Monitor Patients With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treated With a Local Corticosteroid.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Biostatistics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.

Objectives: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is an entrapment neuropathy resulting from compression of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel (CT). We assessed the role of high-resolution ultrasound (US) in monitoring patients with CTS treated with corticosteroid injection.

Methods: We performed high-resolution US evaluations of the wrists of patients with CTS before and after treatment with local corticosteroid. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14932DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Quantitative Measures of Physical Risk Factors Associated with Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Elbow: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Jan 5;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

University Hospital Tuebingen, Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine and Health Services Research (IASV), 72074 Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders at the elbow are a common health problem, which highly impacts workers' well-being and performance. Besides existing qualitative information, there is a clear lack of quantitative information of physical risk factors associated with specific disorders at the elbow (SDEs).

Objective: To provide evidence-based quantitative measures of physical risk factors associated with SDEs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/1/130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339038PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

[Cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS): a case report].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Jan 29;59(1):27-32. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Neurology, National Hospital Organization Minamikyushu National Hospital.

Cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS) is a rare form of multisystem ataxia defined by a triad of cerebellar impairment, bilateral vestibular hypofunction, and somatosensory deficit. Here we present a patient with CANVAS. A 76-year-old woman whose parents were cousins had noted slowly worsening gait imbalance since age 67. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001209DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Nerve ultrasound: A reproducible diagnostic tool in peripheral neuropathy.

Neurology 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

From the Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology (J.A.T., I.J.T.H., J.-T.H.v.A., L.H.V.), Elisabeth-Tweesteden Hospital, Tilburg; Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery (J.A.T., I.J.T.H., H.S.G., W.L.v.d.P., L.H.v.d.B.), Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, UMC Utrecht; Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology (C.V.), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam; and Department of Biostatistics (S.N.), Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, UMC Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Objective: To determine interobserver variability of nerve ultrasound in peripheral neuropathy in a prospective, systematic, multicenter study.

Methods: We enrolled 20 patients with an acquired chronic demyelinating or axonal polyneuropathy and 10 healthy controls in 3 different centers. All participants underwent an extensive nerve ultrasound protocol, including cross-sectional area measurements of median, ulnar, fibular, tibial, and sural nerves, and brachial plexus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000006856DOI Listing
December 2018

Relations between sensory symptoms, touch sensation, and sensory neurography in the assessment of the ulnar neuropathy at the elbow.

Clin Neurophysiol 2019 Feb 9;130(2):199-206. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

EMG Service, Local Health Unit 7, Siena, Italy.

Objectives: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of sensory findings in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE), differences according to UNE localization and pathophysiology, and relation between the sites of sensory symptoms, abnormal evaluation of sensation and neurographic findings of ulnar sensory nerve.

Methods: Hand diagram and Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments were used for clinical evaluation in four ulnar hand territories. Sensory neurography was measured in the fourth and fifth digits-wrist segments (U5) and in the dorsal ulnar cutaneous nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.11.020DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The cubital tunnel syndrome caused by intraneural ganglion cyst of the ulnar nerve at the elbow: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2018 Dec 22;18(1):217. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Hand Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, #79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310003, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cubital tunnel syndrome is common nerve compression syndrome among peripheral nerve compression diseases. However, the syndrome caused by intraneural ganglion cysts has been rarely reported. Medical approaches, like ultrasound-guided aspiration and open surgical treatment remain to be discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1229-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303969PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Polyneuropathy associated with chronic hemodialysis: Clinical and electrophysiological study.

Int J Rheum Dis 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Aim: To estimate the frequency and pattern of peripheral polyneuropathy (PNP) that may affect patients maintained on hemodialysis.

Patients And Methods: The study was carried out on 60 middle-aged male patients attending the Internal Medicine Department for maintenance hemodialysis. All were subjected to a complete neurological examination. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13462DOI Listing
December 2018

Spasmophilia and entrapment nerve syndrome comorbidities in fibromyalgic patients: a possible neuromuscular pain generator.

Reumatismo 2018 Dec 20;70(4):251-256. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, Rheumatology Section, University of Siena.

This paper is aimed at investigating whether peripheral dysfunction at the neuromuscular level may represent a pain generator in fibromyalgia. We studied the prevalence of spasmophilia (SP), carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) in a group of 40 subjects suffering from fibromyalgia. Clinical and electrophysiological data were obtained to ascertain whether comorbid conditions were present. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/reumatismo.2018.1079DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Towards viscoelastic characterisation of the human ulnar nerve: An early assessment using embalmed cadavers.

Med Eng Phys 2019 Feb 13;64:15-22. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Cubital tunnel syndrome is the most prevalent neuropathy of the ulnar nerve and its aetiology is controversial. Potential replacement materials should display similar viscoelastic properties. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and merit of quantifying the frequency-dependent viscoelastic properties of proximal and distal sections of the human ulnar nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1.825 Impact Factor

Diagnostic sensitivity of electrophysiology and ultrasonography in ulnar neuropathies of different severity.

Clin Neurophysiol 2019 Feb 7;130(2):297-302. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Auckland District Health Board, Auckland Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of electrophysiology and nerve ultrasound in ulnar neuropathies of varying clinical severity in 135 consecutive patients.

Methods: Clinical severity of ulnar neuropathy was graded on a 4 point scale from very mild (symptoms only) to severe (marked atrophy of intrinsic hand muscles). Sensitivity and localization ability of electrophysiology and nerve ultrasound were assessed for each point of the scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.11.018DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A Life-Saving Palsy: Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies (HNPP) Presenting As Hand Weakness during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Training

Ir Med J 2018 Sep 10;111(8):808. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, St. Vincent’s University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Aim To describe a case of acute and transient hand weakness that developed during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) should be considered in patients with recurrent, painless motor or sensory neuropathies at sites of peripheral nerve compression. Methods Nerve conduction studies confirmed neuropraxia of the distal ulnar nerve with a mild background demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2018
6 Reads

Median neuropathy at the wrist in patients with systemic sclerosis: two-year follow-up study.

Reumatologia 2018 31;56(5):294-300. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Objectives: To determine the incidence and factors associated with median neuropathy at the wrist (MNW) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients using an electrodiagnostic (EDX) study.

Material And Methods: SSc patients who attended the scleroderma clinic, Srinagarind Hospital, were prospectively evaluated by questionnaire, physical examination, and EDX study. The questionnaire consisted of the baseline characteristics, type of scleroderma, clinical signs and symptoms associated with scleroderma, and the Boston questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/reum.2018.79500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263308PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Epineurial ganglion cyst at the cubital tunnel: A rare cause of ulnar neuropathy.

Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1817-1820

Department of Neurosurgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.246248DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Sonographic characteristics of non-traumatic focal hourglass-like nerve constriction].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(10):10-13

Medical Center 'Motus', Yaroslavl, Russia.

Aim: To describe the sonographic phenomenon of the focal 'hourglass-like constriction' of the peripheral nerves (FCPN).

Material And Methods: The authors described 7 patients meeting the criteria for the diagnosis of neuralgic amyotrophy with unilateral FCPN identified with ultrasound in 4 cases and detected intraoperatively in 3 cases (preliminary ultrasound was not performed). The US scanner Sonoscape Pro mode gray scale in the transverse and longitudinal scanning, linear probe 8-15 MHz and Logiq9 scanner with elastography were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/zhurnal-nevrologii-i-psikhi
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201811810110DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

The Association Between Concomitant Ulnar Nerve Compression at the Elbow and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Nov 30:1558944718813669. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, New York City, USA.

Background: Many patients treated for ulnar nerve compression at the elbow (UNE) are concomitantly treated for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). We sought to investigate the association between the conditions.

Methods: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database was used to determine the number of patients with UNE concomitantly treated for CTS in New York State from 2003 to 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944718813669DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies: A Rare Condition That Presents with Common Symptoms: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):e95

Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Chaves, Portugal.

Case: A 13-year-old girl presented with paresthesia of the fourth and fifth fingers and the dorsal ulnar surface of the left hand that had started 3 months prior. Physical examination showed loss of sensation at the ulnar side of the fourth and fifth fingers and a positive Froment sign. Electromyography showed a severe motor conduction block in the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00132DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Dynamic Nerve Compression Syndromes of the Elbow Among High-Level Pitchers: A Review of 7 Cases.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Nov 6;6(11):2325967118807131. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wellstar Atlanta Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: Dynamic compressive neuropathies around the elbow are a rare entity described by a relatively small body of literature, mostly consisting of single-case reports. No standardized diagnostic protocols have been described to date. To the authors' knowledge, this study represents the largest case series of dynamic compressive neuropathies in the upper extremity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118807131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247494PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Elbow Surgery in Athletes.

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 2018 Dec;26(4):181-184

Andrews Sports Medicine, Birmingham, AL.

Injuries and disorders of the elbow in athletes are common especially among throwing athletes. Common injuries encountered in the throwing athlete include ulnar collateral ligament injuries, ulnar neuritis, capitellar osteochondritis dissecans, valgus extension overload with posterior olecranon impingement, olecranon stress fracture, and loose bodies. A thorough knowledge of both the functional anatomy as well as throwing biomechanics are required to properly diagnosis and treat these problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSA.0000000000000227DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

An 11-year analysis of peripheral nerve injuries in high school sports.

Phys Sportsmed 2018 Nov 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

f Department of Neurological Surgery , Stanford University , Stanford , CA , USA.

Introduction: Sports surveillance databases provide valuable information regarding common ailments, yet fewer studies have focused on more rare peripheral nerve injuries. Our objective was to characterize peripheral nerve injuries in high school athletics with respect to incidence, time loss, mechanism, and diagnoses.

Methods: Sport-related nerve injury data on high school athletes were collected during the 2005/2006 through 2015/2016 academic years via the High School Reporting Information Online (RIO) database. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2018.1544453DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Nerve ultrasound characterizes AMN polyneuropathy as inhomogeneous and focal hypertrophic.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Nov 3;13(1):194. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Center for Neurology, and Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Straße 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Objective: High-resolution nerve ultrasound (HRUS) is a painless tool to quickly evaluate peripheral nerve morphology in vivo. This study set out to characterize peripheral nerve involvement in X-linked adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) by HRUS.

Methods: Thirteen adults with genetically proven AMN were examined using the Ultrasound pattern sum score (UPSS) to evaluate morphological abnormalities of peripheral nerves, vagal nerves, as well as cervical nerve roots. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://ojrd.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13023-018-0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0939-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215661PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

A clinical and electrophysiological study of peripheral neuropathies in peritoneal dialysis patients: Our experience from rural South India.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1139-1149

Department of Neurology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

The objective was to study the prevalence, clinical features, electrophysiological features, and severity of peripheral neuropathy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and effect of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). Between May 2015 and December 2016, 100 CKD patients on PD were assessed. The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy was 65% based on clinical symptoms and 92% based on electrophysiological parameters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2018/29/5/1139/243942
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.243942DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Imaging appearance following surgical decompression of the ulnar nerve.

Br J Radiol 2019 Feb 1;92(1094):20180757. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

2 Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI , USA.

Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is the second most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. Yet, there is a paucity of literature focusing on the imaging appearance following surgical decompression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Diagnostic imaging studies obtained after surgical decompression at The University of Michigan were reviewed and imaging findings were documented. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjr.20180757
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180757DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Diagnostic Accuracy of Sensory Clinical Findings of the Hand Dorsum and of Neurography of the Dorsal Ulnar Cutaneous Nerve in Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Oct 21. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

EMG Service, Local Health Unit 7, Siena, Italy.

Objective: The main objective is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy and the relation of touch sensation and subjective sensory symptoms in the medial aspect of the hand dorsum, and neurography of the dorsal ulnar cutaneous nerve (DUCN) in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). Secondary objective is to report the electrophysiological occurrence of anatomical variant of sensory innervation of the medial aspect of the hand dorsum from superficial radial nerve (SRN).

Design: Prospective, cohort study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000399931
Web Search
https://www.archives-pmr.org/article/S0003-9993(18)31381-9/p
Web Search
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183138
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.119DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Upper limb onset of hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis is common in non-endemic areas.

Eur J Neurol 2019 Mar 11;26(3):497-e36. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Centre National de Référence pour la Neuropathie Amyloïde Familiale, CHU Bicêtre, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Le Kremlin- Bicêtre, France.

Background And Purpose: The aim is to describe an uncommon phenotype of hereditary ATTR neuropathy with upper limb onset.

Methods: The French TTR Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy database was used for a retrospective evaluation of 32 consecutive patients with upper limb onset of the neuropathy (study group) and they were compared to 31 Portuguese early-onset patients and 99 late-onset patients without upper limb onset.

Results: Initial upper limb symptoms were mostly sensory. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.13845DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Contraceptive Implant-Related Acute Ulnar Neuropathy: Prompt Diagnosis, Early Referral, and Management Are Key.

Eplasty 2018 4;18:e28. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

Subdermal contraceptive implants are a well-established method of contraception. Aside from common side effects such as irregular menstrual periods, headaches, and weight gain, rarer complications related to their insertion and removal have been reported. These include traumatic peripheral neuropathy after procedures to remove nonpalpable implants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174575PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Patterns of Distribution of the Nerves Around the Axillary Artery Evaluated by Ultrasound and Assessed by Nerve Stimulation During Axillary Block.

Clin Anat 2019 Jan 20;32(1):2-8. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Our objective was to define the positions of the nerves around the brachial artery and, secondarily, to assess the risk of intraneural injection during dual guided axillary block. Sixty ultrasound-guided axillary blocks were performed. The locations of the musculocutaneous, median, ulnar, and radial nerves relative to the brachial artery were determined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23225DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Ulnar neuropathy after glatiramer acetate subcutaneous injection: Ultrasound findings.

J Clin Pharm Ther 2019 Feb 12;44(1):140-141. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12773DOI Listing
February 2019

Ultrasound-Guided Cubital Tunnel Decompression in a Collegiate Swimmer: A Case Report.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, Minnesota.

A 19-year-old female collegiate swimmer presented to our sports medicine clinic with a history and physical examination consistent with right ulnar neuropathy at the cubital tunnel. Diagnostic ultrasound (US) revealed compression of the ulnar nerve under the cubital tunnel retinaculum (CTR) with nerve swelling proximal to the site of compression. Electrodiagnostic studies confirmed the diagnosis of a moderate to severe ulnar neuropathy at the elbow. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00042752-900000000-9912
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000680DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Subcutaneous Ulnar Nerve Transposition Using Osborne's Ligament as a Ligamentodermal or Ligamentofascial Sling.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2018 Sep;47(9)

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.

The ulnar nerve is most commonly compressed at the elbow in the cubital tunnel. Conservative and operative treatments have been applied for cubital tunnel syndrome. Surgical management options include decompression, medial epicondylectomy, and various anterior transposition techniques. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/ajo.2018.0070DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

Recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome: Evaluation and treatment of the possible causes.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Sep;6(10):365-372

Department of Neurosurgery, Haydarpaşa Sultan Abdülhamid Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul 34000, Turkey.

Aim: To investigate the causes of the recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and implemented surgical interventions.

Methods: Four hundred and eighty-seven patients, who were diagnosed with CTS and underwent surgical intervention between October 2016 and September 2007, were evaluated in this retrospective study. The age, gender, physical evaluation findings, electrophysiological examination reports and implemented surgical treatment methods were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.wjgnet.com/2307-8960/full/v6/i10/365.htm
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i10.365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6163139PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Fixed Anterior Position of Ulnar Nerve around Medial Condyle of Elbow with Bony Mass Causing Cubital Tunnel Syndrome.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2018 Sep;23(3):399-403

‡ Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

A 20-year-old male has presented with mild numbness and tingling sensation at 4, 5 finger of his left hand. Simple radiograph and MRI images revealed bony mass at medial joint space of ulno-humeral joint. After surgical exploration, we found that there were two cause of ulnar nerve irritation symptom. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835518720232DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Innervation of the anconeus epitrochlearis muscle: MRI and cadaveric studies.

Clin Anat 2019 Mar 14;32(2):218-223. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, Washington.

Ulnar neuropathy at the cubital tunnel is common. However, a rare form of ulnar neuropathy here is due to compression from an accessory muscle, the anconeus epitrochlearis. Reports in the literature regarding the details of this muscle's innervation are vague, so the aim of the present study was to characterize this anatomy more clearly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ca.23285
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23285DOI Listing
March 2019
23 Reads

Management of an Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Neuropathic Pain in the Emergency Department: A Case to Support Ultrasound-Guided Forearm Nerve Blocks.

J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 22;55(6):e147-e151. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Acute on chronic neuropathic pain is often refractory to analgesics and can be challenging to treat in the emergency department (ED). In addition, systemic medications such as opiates and nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs have risks, including hypotension and kidney injury, respectively. Difficulties in managing pain in patients with neuropathy can lead to prolonged ED stays, undesired admissions, and subsequent increased health care costs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.08.003DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

A Waves in Diabetic Neuropathy: Pathophysiology and Neurographic Images.

J Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Sep 21. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Biometec Department, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia, Catania, Italy.

Introduction: To evaluate the presence of A waves in diabetic neuropathy, we designed a retrospective observational study recruiting patients with type II diabetes and chronic diabetic distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy.

Methods: We recruited 238 patients of both sexes aged between 41 and 89 years. Neurography was undertaken on two bilateral upper (median and ulnar) and lower (peroneal and tibial) limb nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNP.0000000000000515DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Shear-wave elastography in the diagnosis of ulnar tunnel syndrome.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 4;71(11):1593-1599. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Prof. W. Orlowski Memorial Hospital, Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Czerniakowska 231 Street, 00-416 Warsaw, Poland; Department of Applied Pharmacy and Bioengineering, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

An interesting alternative to traditional diagnostic techniques of the upper extremity nerve entrapments might be an ultrasound elastography that has started to gain attention in recent research. The aim of this preliminary study was to verify whether a quantitative analysis of the ulnar nerve stiffness by shear-wave elastography can be used to diagnose ulnar tunnel syndrome (UTS), an ulnar nerve neuropathy at Guyon's canal. The study included 46 patients (39 women) and 39 healthy controls (34 women). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.08.018DOI Listing
November 2018

Impaired sensorimotor control of the hand in congenital absence of functional muscle spindles.

J Neurophysiol 2018 Dec 19;120(6):2788-2795. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

School of Medicine, Western Sydney University , Sydney , Australia.

Patients with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type III (HSAN III) exhibit marked ataxia, including gait disturbances. We recently showed that functional muscle spindle afferents in the leg, recorded via intraneural microelectrodes inserted into the peroneal nerve, are absent in HSAN III, although large-diameter cutaneous afferents are intact. Moreover, there is a tight correlation between loss of proprioceptive acuity at the knee and the severity of gait impairment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00528.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Nerve ultrasound findings differentiate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) 1A from other demyelinating CMTs.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 1;129(11):2259-2267. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; Neurology Division, Department of Neuroscience AOUI Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: Ulnar/median motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) is ≤38 m/s in demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Previous nerve high resolution ultrasound (HRUS) studies explored demyelinating CMT assuming it as a homogeneous genetic/pathological entity or focused on CMT1A.

Methods: To explore the spectrum of nerve HRUS findings in demyelinating CMTs, we recruited patients with CMT1A (N = 44), CMT1B (N = 9), CMTX (N = 8) and CMT4C (N = 4). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.08.016DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Peripheral nerve injuries in the pediatric population: a review of the literature. Part II: entrapment neuropathies.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 12;35(1):37-45. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain.

Introduction: Entrapment neuropathies are infrequent in children, and therefore remain unrecognized. The incidence of radial, median, and cubital mononeuropathies are all similar. Despite the rarity of such cases, extensive, albeit scattered, literature has accumulated concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3975-7DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads