Emerg Med Clin North Am 2009 Aug;27(3):415-22
Department of Emergency Medicine, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA.
Neutropenic enterocolitis, also known as typhlitis or ileocecal syndrome, is a rare but important complication of neutropenia associated with malignancy. It occurs as a result of chemotherapeutic damage to the intestinal mucosa in the context of an absolute neutropenia, and can rapidly progress to intestinal perforation, multisystem organ failure, and sepsis. Presenting signs and symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Read More