15,582 results match your criteria Turf Toe


Calcaneal tuberosity fractures through prior Schantz pin sites in patients with diabetic neuropathy.

Foot (Edinb) 2019 Mar 2;39:96-99. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

Schantz pin placement in the calcaneal tuberosity is a common procedure known to be complicated by pin site infections and nerve injuries. Fractures through Schantz pin sites has been reported mostly in diaphyseal bone. This case series highlights three patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic neuropathy who were fixed in an external fixator frame with a pin through the calcaneal tuberosity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2019.02.011DOI Listing

Pediatric and Adolescent Figure Skating Injuries: A 15-Year Retrospective Review.

Clin J Sport Med 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of injuries sustained by young figure skaters who were evaluated at regional pediatric sports medicine clinics.

Design: Retrospective chart review (2003-2017).

Setting: Sports medicine clinics at a tertiary-level pediatric medical center. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00042752-900000000-9905
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000743DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Anatomical variations in the cutaneous innervation on the dorsum of the foot.

Anat Cell Biol 2019 Mar 29;52(1):34-37. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Generally among the branches of common peroneal nerve, the superficial peroneal nerve provides cutaneous innervation to major part of the dorsum of the foot whereas the deep peroneal nerve innervates the skin over the first interdigital cleft region. The sural and saphenous nerves supplies the smaller lateral and medial margins of the dorsum respectively. The present study has been taken to classify the patterns of innervations of the nerves on the dorsum of the foot in South Indian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5115/acb.2019.52.1.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449594PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Pain Level, Range of Motion, and Foot Volume Do Not Differ in Recurrent and First-Time Ankle Sprains.

Foot Ankle Spec 2019 Apr 15:1938640019843331. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences (IW), University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Objective: This study aims to describe the clinical features in terms of pain perception, ankle range of motion, and foot volume in participants with recurrent ankle sprains compared with first-time sprains.

Methods: Individuals with grade I and II ankle sprains were referred to physiotherapy care for further rehabilitation by their general practitioner. Primary outcome measures were range of movement, pain, and foot volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1938640019843331DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Retrograde dorsalis pedis angiosomal flow compromised by small puncture wound leading to transmetatarsal amputation.

Foot (Edinb) 2019 Feb 14;39:60-67. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Foot and Ankle Surgery Resident, Dept. of Orthopedics, John Peter Smith Hospital, 1500 S. Main Street, Fort Worth, TX, 76104, United States.

Pedal puncture wounds can precipitate a variety of complications, often resulting from a delay in treatment. Although the risk of infection predominates, direct vascular insult and subsequent ischemia is a lesser reported complication of these injuries. Consequently, this may have morbid results, especially on a background of pre-existing peripheral vascular disease. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09582592183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The importance of syndesmotic reduction on clinical outcome after syndesmosis injuries.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Norway. E-mail:

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between syndesmosis reduction and outcome.

Design: Level III diagnostic study.

Setting: One level 1 and one level 3 Trauma Centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001485DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Letter to the editor on "Return to sport following Lisfranc injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis".

Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence Based Sports Medicine (ACES), The Netherlands; Amsterdam Collaboration for Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS), International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Center Amsterdam UMC, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The effects of running a 12-km race on neuromuscular performance measures in recreationally competitive runners.

Gait Posture 2019 May 27;70:341-346. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

University of Waikato, Faculty of Health, Sport and Human Performance, Adams Centre for High Performance, 52 Miro Street, Mount Maunganui, 3116, Tauranga, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Background: The number of individuals participating in organised races is increasing, with few studies undertaken in ecologically-valid settings. Running involves cyclical movements and activation of lower-extremity muscles, with fatigue and foot-strike pattern proposed as factors contributing to running-related injuries.

Research Question: Our aim was to investigate the effects of running a 12-km race on plantar pressure distribution, postural balance, foot-strike pattern, and plantar-flexion strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.03.025DOI Listing

Medical Encounters During the United States Army Special Forces Assessment and Selection Course.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760.

Introduction: The Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS) is an extremely physically and mentally demanding 19- to 20-day course designed to determine whether Soldiers are qualified to enter the Special Forces Qualification Course. As a first step to understand medical problems during SFAS, this study examined injuries, illnesses, and activities associated with injuries during the course.

Materials And Methods: Medical events during the SFAS course were compiled from Sick Call Trackers (a log of medical encounters maintained by medical personnel in the field) and Chronology of Medical Care (Standard Form 600). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz056DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Incidence, Mechanisms, and Severity of Game-Related High School Football Injuries Across Artificial Turf Systems of Various Infill Weights.

Authors:
Michael C Meyers

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Mar 25;7(3):2325967119832878. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, USA.

Background: Artificial turf surfaces are developed to duplicate playing characteristics of natural grass. With the newer generations of sand and rubber infill systems, the infill is a common component that varies between fields and is a critical factor that could influence the player-surface interaction. Because the influence of infill weight on sport trauma is unknown, this study quantified football trauma in high schools in the United States across artificial turf systems of various infill weights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119832878DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434442PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of spring-loaded cane ground reaction forces during walking using time and frequency domain analysis.

J Med Eng Technol 2019 Apr 1:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

d School of Kinesiology , Lakehead University , Thunder Bay , ON , Canada.

This study examined the effect of a spring-loaded cane stiffness reduction on upper and lower extremity ground reaction forces in time and frequency domain during cane-aided walking. Twenty-nine participants walked five times over two force plates with a spring-loaded cane set at four different stiffnesses and T-scope knee brace set at 30° of knee flexion to simulate a foot injury. Time-frequency domain analyses revealed an increase in ground reaction forces at the simulated injured foot and a decrease in ground reaction forces at the hand via the shaft of the cane for each spring loaded-cane stiffness reduction during walking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091902.2019.1595761DOI Listing

Functional outcome of implant removal following fracture fixation below the level of the knee: a prospective cohort study.

Bone Joint J 2019 04;101-B(4):447-453

Trauma Unit, Department of Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome in patients undergoing implant removal (IR) after fracture fixation below the level of the knee.

Patients And Methods: All adult patients (18 to 75 years) undergoing IR after fracture fixation below the level of the knee between November 2014 and September 2016 were included as part of the WIFI (Wound Infections Following Implant Removal Below the Knee) trial, performed in 17 teaching hospitals and two university hospitals in The Netherlands. In this multicentre prospective cohort, the primary outcome was the difference in functional status before and after IR, measured by the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), with a minimal clinically important difference of nine points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2018-0745.R1DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Radiologic Evaluation of Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot Fracture Fixation Hardware.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Apr 29;23(2):e36-e55. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Radiologists should be familiar with basic principles of fracture fixation and the normal imaging appearances of implant constructs and their complications. The surgeon's selection of external fixation, intramedullary nail fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, or some combination depends on patient factors, fracture configuration, injury to the soft tissue envelope, and surgeon experience. Complications including loss of fixation with resultant malalignment, nonunion, infection, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis present additional challenges for the surgeon as well as the radiologist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1681049DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Function of ankle ligaments for subtalar and talocrural joint stability during an inversion movement - an in vitro study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2019 18;12:16. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

1Department of Sport and Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Schwarzwaldstraße 175, 79117 Freiburg, Germany.

Background: The lateral ankle ligament complex consisting of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) and the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL) is known to provide stability against ankle joint inversion. As injuries of the ankle joint have been reported at a wide range of plantarflexion/dorsiflexion angles, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the stabilizing function of these ligaments depending on the sagittal plane positioning of the ankle joint.

Methods: Eight fresh-frozen specimens were tested on a custom-built ankle deflection tester allowing the application of inversion torques in various plantarflexion/dorsiflexion positions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-019-0330-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421682PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Sun heated surfaces are an environmental hazard for young children.

Perspect Public Health 2019 Mar 28:1757913919826600. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA.

Aims:: Children commonly sustain heat contact type burn injuries from sun heated surfaces during the summer months in hot, sunny climates. The aim of this study was to review the causes and outcomes in a series of heat contact type burns sustained by children who touched hot sun heated surfaces.

Methods:: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all children who sustained burn injuries due to naturally heated surfaces and were treated between January 2012 and December 2017 at Children's Hospital Colorado. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757913919826600DOI Listing

[Arthroscopic repair of chronic lateral ankle instability].

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Sektion für Fuß- und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Klinik für Allgemeine, Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, LMU München, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Nußbaumstraße 20, 80336, München, Deutschland.

Objective: Repair of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle joint; identification and treatment of intra-articular pathologies.

Indications: Symptomatic chronic lateral ankle instability. Treatment of osteochondral lesions associated with lateral ankle instability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00064-019-0595-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Noninvasive Interactive Neurostimulation Therapy for the Treatment of Low-Grade Lateral Ankle Sprain in the Professional Contact Sport Athlete Improves the Short-Term Recovery and Return to Sport: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Researcher, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Ospedale San Camillo de Lellis, Rieti, Italy; Surgeon, Clinica San Feliciano, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Ankle injuries are very common between professional athletes and recreational sports. Lateral stable ligaments injury can be treated conservatively. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin impedance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.09.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Missed foot fractures in multiple trauma patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 25;20(1):121. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Committee on Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care and Trauma Management, (Sektion NIS) of the German Trauma Society (DGU), Cologne, Germany.

Background: Missed or underestimated injuries are one of the central problems in trauma care. Foot injuries can easily be missed because they lay beyond the regularly screened field of a trauma computer tomography scan (CT scan). During primary and secondary survey a careful examination of the extremities often becomes of secondary interest in the severely injured patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2501-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434880PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum versus the bone block procedure for the treatment of recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation: two safe and effective techniques.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Institution of Sports Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Sports Injuries, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Clinical outcomes between reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) and the bone block procedure were compared in this study to elucidate which procedure was safer and more effective.

Methods: From 2012 to 2016, 25 patients with recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation underwent the bone block procedure (group A), and another 22 patients underwent reattachment of the SPR (group B). American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Ankle Activity Score (AAS), time to return to sports activity, rate of return to sports level, range of motion (ROM) of the ankle, rate of recurrence, and overall patient satisfaction were collected to evaluate outcomes between the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05479-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Military Case Review Method to Determine and Record the Mechanism of Injury (BioTab) from In-Theater Attacks.

Mil Med 2019 Mar;184(Supplement_1):374-378

U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate, 328 Hopkins Rd, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

A recent study of all mounted vehicle underbody blast attacks found that 21% of Abbreviated Injury Scale Severity 2+ injuries in the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat network were injuries to the leg and ankle. To develop effective countermeasure systems for these attacks, the epidemiology and mechanisms of injury from this loading environment need to be quantified. The goal of this study was to develop a military correlate of an existing civilian case review framework, the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN), to consider the differences in military event types and the amount of available vehicle/attack information. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/article/184/Supplement_1/374
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy396DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Prominent Injury Types in Vehicle Underbody Blast.

Mil Med 2019 Mar;184(Supplement_1):261-264

Army Research Laboratory, Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, Armor Mechanisms Branch, Aberdeen Proving Ground, APG, MD.

Background: To fully understand the injury mechanisms during an underbody blast (UBB) event with military vehicles and develop new testing standards specific to military vehicles, one must understand the injuries sustained by the occupants.

Methods: Injury data from Service Members (SM) involved in UBB theater events that occurred from 2010 to 2014 were analyzed. Analysis included the investigation of prominent skeletal and visceral torso injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy322DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Effectiveness of protective clothing for motorized 2-wheeler riders.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 22;20(2):196-203. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

a Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE UMR_T 9405 , Lyon , France.

Objective: This study assesses the effectiveness of protective clothing (motorcycle jacket, trousers, gloves, knee-high or ankle boots, back protection) for motorized 2-wheeler (MTW) riders.

Methods: This retrospective observational study used injury data from the Rhône Registry of Road Accident Victims, plus a postal survey conducted in 2016. Seven thousand one hundred forty-eight MTW riders involved in accidents between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the Registry and were invited to complete a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1545090DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Detailed injury epidemiology in contemporary dance: a 1-year prospective study of 134 students.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2019 8;5(1):e000453. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Performing Arts Medicine, Codarts University of the Arts, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Aim: We investigated the extent and characteristics of injuries in contemporary dance students.

Methods: During one academic year, 134 students of Bachelor dance and Bachelor dance teacher from Codarts University of the Arts (Rotterdam, the Netherlands) were prospectively monitored monthly, using the Performing Artist and Athlete Health Monitor which includes the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems.

Results: 130 students were included in the analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407557PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Clinical effects of heel lateral flap in repair of skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2019 Mar;35(3):218-220

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi 563003, China.

To explore the clinical effects of heel lateral flap in repair of skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region. From September 2007 to April 2016, 24 patients (17 males and 7 females, aged 16-70 years) with skin and soft tissue defects at posterior heel region were admitted to our department. The size of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-2587.2019.03.010DOI Listing

Anatomico-radiological Study of the Bifurcate Ligament of the Foot with Clinical Significance.

Cureus 2019 Jan 8;11(1):e3847. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.

Introduction Lateral ankle sprain caused by forcible plantar flexion and inversion of the foot commonly damages the anterior talofibular ligament and other ligaments. Unfortunately, involvement of the bifurcate ligament (BL) is often overlooked when assessing such injuries in clinical practice and identification of this ligament on magnetic resonance (MR) scans can be challenging. Anatomically, the BL is a Y-shaped structure with two bands: the calcaneonavicular ligament (CNL) and calcaneocuboid ligament (CCL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411328PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Analysis of skeletal-muscle condition after excessive loading of the lower legs by sequential magnetic resonance imaging.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Objectives: To determine the changes of muscle conditions of lower leg after stretch shortening cycle exercises by MRI.

Subjects And Methods: This study included 20 healthy male adult volunteers. After conducting control MRI, each subject performed 3 sets of exercise loading, each set consisting of 100 repetitions of rebound jumping on one foot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Variations of the plantar tarsometatarsal ligaments.

Clin Anat 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Anatomy, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

This study investigated the morphological variations of the plantar tarsometatarsal ligaments of the foot by classifying them based on their ligamentous components. Fifty embalmed feet from 27 adult Korean cadavers were used. The plantar tarsometatarsal ligaments comprised nine components (medial cuneiform-first metatarsal, pCn1-M1; medial cuneiform-second metatarsal, pCn1-M2; medial cuneiform-second and third metatarsals, pCn1-M2,3; median cuneiform-second metatarsal, pCn2-M2; lateral cuneiform-third metatarsal, pCn3-M3; lateral cuneiform-fourth metatarsal, pCn3-M4; lateral cuneiform-third and fourth metatarsals, pCn3-M3,4; cuboid-fourth metatarsal, pCb-M4; and cuboid-fifth metatarsal, pCb-M5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23376DOI Listing

Posterior Tibial Artery Perforator Flaps Carrying Partial Gastrocnemius Muscle for Repair of Soft Tissue Defects With Dead Space in the Ankle and Foot.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 May;82(5):552-559

From the Burn Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Soft tissue defects with dead space in the ankle and foot remain a challenge for surgeons. The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical technique and clinical significance of posterior tibial artery perforator flaps carrying partial gastrocnemius muscle for patients with soft tissue defects with dead space in the ankle area.

Methods: Between August 2015 and August 2017, 14 patients (2 women and 12 men) between 20 and 58 years old (median age, 42 years) were hospitalized in The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001748DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Self-Myofascial Release of the Superficial Back Line Improves Sit-and-Reach Distance.

J Sport Rehabil 2019 Mar 12:1-19. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

1 School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL.

Context:: Decreased hamstring flexibility can lead to a plethora of musculoskeletal injuries, including low back pain, hamstring strains, and patellofemoral pain. Lack of flexibility may be the result of myofascial adhesions. The fascia connected to the hamstrings is part of the superficial back line that runs from the cranium to the plantar aspect of the foot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2018-0306DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Differences in lower quarter Y-balance test with player position and ankle injuries in professional baseball players.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 Jan-Apr;27(1):2309499019832421

1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose:: Although there has been research about the correlation between ankle injury and Y-balance test (YBT) conducted in other sports, there has been a lack of research on the correlation between ankle injury among baseball players and YBT scores or on differences in scores according to baseball positions. This study focused on professional baseball players as its subjects with the aims of analyzing the correlation between YBT and ankle injury and assessing differences in YBT between baseball positions.

Methods:: Age, height, weight, body mass index, and spine malleolar distance of 42 professional baseball players were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019832421DOI Listing

Is load application necessary when using computed tomography scans to diagnose syndesmotic injuries? A cadaver study.

Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Injuries to the distal tibio-fibular ligaments are common. While pronounced injuries can be reliably diagnosed using conventional radiographs, assessment of subtle syndesmotic injuries is challenging. This cadaver study determines the impact of loading on the assessment of incomplete and more complete syndesmotic injuries when using weightbearing computed tomography (CT) scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Tibial and calcaneal coupling during walking in those with chronic ankle instability.

Gait Posture 2019 May 3;70:130-135. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, United States.

Background: It is estimated that nearly 2 million individuals sprain their ankle each year in the US. A majority of these are recurrent injuries, which often results in chronic ankle instability. To better understand the cause of instability, previous research has looked at the coupling or coordination between leg and foot motion during locomotion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09666362183151
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.02.021DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Complete Cuboid Dislocation With Associated Lisfranc Injury: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar;58(2):398-402

Orthopaedic Surgeon, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA.

Cuboid dislocations are rare midfoot injuries that usually occur in the setting of high-energy trauma. Diagnosis can be challenging and optimal treatment remains unknown. This case report and review aims to summarize the recent literature on this topic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.060DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Versus Primary Arthrodesis for the Treatment of Acute Lisfranc Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar;58(2):328-332

Consultant, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Oldham Hospital, Manchester, UK.

This study aims to compare outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and primary arthrodesis in management of Lisfranc injuries. In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement standards, a systematic review was carried out. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched to identify both randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomised studies comparing the outcomes of ORIF and primary arthrodesis for Lisfranc injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.061DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Reverse Sural Artery Flap Healing for Traumatic Injuries Above and Below the Ankle Joint.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar;58(2):306-311

Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

The reverse sural artery (RSA) flap is popular among trauma surgeons to cover the distal third of the leg to the foot. However, flaps that inset in the foot seem to have a high necrosis rate. This study compared the healing of RSA flaps performed for defects proximal to the ankle versus defects distal to the ankle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.057DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Is Routine Hardware Removal Following Open Reduction Internal Fixation of Tarsometatarsal Joint Fracture/Dislocation Necessary?

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar;58(2):226-230

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is an accepted treatment for displaced tarsometatarsal joint (TMTJ) fracture dislocations. In general, hardware is routinely removed after 4 months to allow restoration of joint motion and avoid complications of hardware failure. Because few studies report outcomes of TMTJ fractures with retained hardware, there is little consensus regarding the optimal time for hardware removal or if hardware retention leads to adverse outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.016DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

[Metatarsal and toe fractures].

Unfallchirurg 2019 Apr;122(4):309-322

Abteilung für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Deutschland.

Metatarsal and toe fractures are the most frequent injuries of the foot skeleton. Nondislocated fractures can be conservatively treated with good success. Long-term relief and immobilization including the ankle joint are unnecessary. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00113-019-0620-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-019-0620-1DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Hospitalists' Needs Assessment and Perceived Barriers in Wound Care Management: A Quality Improvement Project.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2019 Mar/Apr;46(2):98-105

Cynthia A. Walker, MSN, RN, APRN-CNS, CWON, Interprofessional Practice & Patient Safety, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland. Alphonsa Rahman, DNP, APRN-CNS, CCRN, Interprofessional Practice & Patient Safety, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland. Trina L. Gipson-Jones, PhD, Hampton University, School of Nursing, Hampton, Virginia. Ché Matthew Harris, MD, MS, FACP, Department of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Joint Appointment Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Division of Hospital Medicine, Collaborative Inpatient Medicine Service, Baltimore, Maryland.

The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine hospitalists' knowledge, practices, and perspectives related to management of pressure injuries and neuropathic/diabetic foot complications (having a foot ulcer or subsequent development of a foot infection because of a foot ulcer). We also sought to identify resources for and knowledge-based barriers to management of these wounds. This quality improvement effort targeted an interdisciplinary group of 55 hospitalists in internal medicine that consisted of 8 nurse practitioners, 10 physician assistants, and 38 physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WON.0000000000000512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407638PMC
March 2020
11 Reads

Flatfeet: Biomechanical implications, assessment and management.

Foot (Edinb) 2019 Feb 11;38:81-85. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Neuromechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, United States.

Several complications due to flatfeet have been reported in previous literature such as poor postural stability, injuries, pathologies, and discomfort. Early detection and appropriate management are mandatory to minimize these effects. There are different feet assessments established in the field with distinct advantages and disadvantages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Injury and Illness Depicted in Running-Related Films.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2019 Mar 6:9922819834281. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

2 Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital, Hershey, PA, USA.

The perception that children and adolescents have of injury and illness may be influenced by their depiction in sport-related films. The objective of this study was to determine the depiction of injury and illness in a select number of running-related films. A sample of 31 running-related films were analyzed, with a total of 77 injuries/illnesses depicted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0009922819834281DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

The arthroscopic all-inside ankle lateral collateral ligament repair is a safe and reproducible technique.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Human Anatomy and Embryology Unit, Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: Neurovascular structures around the ankle are at risk of injury during arthroscopic all-inside lateral collateral ligament repair for the treatment of chronic ankle instability. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of damage to anatomical structures and reproducibility of the technique amongst surgeons with different levels of expertise in the arthroscopic all-inside ligament repair.

Methods: Twelve fresh-frozen ankle specimens were used for the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05427-0DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Comparison of accident characteristics between manual materials handling (MMH) and non-MMH works in the automobile parts manufacturing industry: Based on South Korea and the US.

Work 2019 ;62(2):197-203

Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, Hansung University, Republic of Korea.

Background: Despite ergonomic improvements in the workplace of automobile parts manufacturing industry, many jobs still require workers to perform repetitive tasks or manual material handling.

Objective: This study compares the characteristics of occupational injuries between MMH and non-MMH in the automobile parts manufacturing industry based in South Korea and the US.

Methods: Occupational injuries were analyzed by age, work experience, company size, employment type, injury severity, work type, type of accident, agency of accident, injured part of body, and injury type. Read More

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https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-192855DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Does subtalar instability really exist? A systematic review.

Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Orthopaedics, Foot and Ankle Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Institute of Orthopaedic Research and Training, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Subtalar joint instability (STI) is considered as a potential source of chronic lateral hindfoot instability. However, clinical diagnosis of STI is still challenging. This systematic review was conducted to assess the consistency of the clinical entity "subtalar instability", to investigate the reliability of available diagnostic tools and to provide a critical overview of related studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Case series of non-freezing cold injury: the modern clinical syndrome.

J R Army Med Corps 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Regional Occupational Health Team, Defence Medical Services, MOD, Catterick Garrison, UK

Background: Non-freezing cold injury (NFCI) occurs when peripheral tissue is damaged by cold exposure but not to the extent of freezing. Historically, the phenotype of NFCIs sustained was severe, whereas today the spectrum of injury represented in the UK military predominantly comprises subtler injuries. The diagnostic challenge of recognising these injuries, both in the acute and chronic settings, can lead to mismanagement and subsequent morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2018-001099DOI Listing

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hypertrophic Scarring of Split Thickness Autograft Donor Sites in a Pediatric Burn Population.

Burns 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

University of Cincinnati Medical Center Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, 231 Albert Sabin Way (ML0558), Cincinnati, OH 45219-0461, United States; Shriners Hospital for Children - Cincinnati, 3229 Burnett Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, United States. Electronic address:

Title: Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hypertrophic Scarring of Split Thickness Autograft Donor Sites in a Pediatric Burn Population.

Objective: The split-thickness autograft remains a fundamental treatment for burn injuries; however, donor sites may remain hypersensitive, hyperemic, less pliable, and develop hypertrophic scarring. This study sought to assess the long-term scarring of donor sites after pediatric burns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Lateral foot pain due to os vesalianum pedis in a young football player; a case report and review of the current literature.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Medical Faculty, Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Os vesalianum pedis is a rare accessory ossicle located at the 5th metatarsal base. This anatomic variation is typically asymptomatic and usually detected incidentally on routine foot radiographs. However, it may be a source of lateral foot pain and rarely become symptomatic following traumatic ankle injuries such as an inversion ankle sprain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-019-03190-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Foot Alignment in Symptomatic National Basketball Association Players Using Weightbearing Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21;7(2):2325967119826081. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Foot and Ankle Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Weightbearing cone beam computed tomography (WB CBCT) allows detailed 3-dimensional imaging of the foot and ankle in a weightbearing state and provides improved accuracy and reliability of foot alignment measures, especially when compared with conventional radiographic views.

Purpose: To describe the foot alignment in National Basketball Association (NBA) players with different symptomatic foot and ankle injuries using WB CBCT and to determine if any predominant morphotype would be identified.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119826081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385333PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

[Different mini skin flaps in repairing finger soft tissue with bone defect].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Jan;32(1):56-59

Jiangnan Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine, Xiaoshan TCM Hospital, Hangzhou 311201, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore surgical methods and clinical effects of three different types of mini skin flap transplantation for repairing finger soft tissue with bone defect.

Methods: Thirty-three patients with finger soft tissue or bone defect were treated from December 2014 to October 2016, including 24 males and 9 females aged from 21 to 52 years old with an average of (36.42±5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Epidemiological characteristics and factors influencing falls among elderly adults in long-term care facilities in Xiamen, China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14375

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics.

Falling in the elderly is an important social issue, especially for those who are in long-term care (LTC) facilities, in addition to being a significant economic burden. This study aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and identify the factors influencing falls in LTC residents.We enrolled 260 participants aged 60+ years by multistage sampling across 13 LTC facilities in Xiamen, China, in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407997PMC
February 2019

Postoperative Complications Following Repair of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture.

Foot Ankle Int 2019 Feb 27:1071100719831371. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

2 Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Service, Massachusetts General Hospital - Harvard Medical School, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, MA, USA.

Background:: Controversy remains regarding which patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture would best be treated nonoperatively and which might benefit from operative repair. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the overall incidence of-and specific risk factors associated with-postoperative complications that follow operative repair. We also evaluated the specific differences between complications after the use of an open or minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100719831371DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads