352 results match your criteria Tungiasis


Vegetable Butters and Oils as Therapeutically and Cosmetically Active Ingredients for Dermal Use: A Review of Clinical Studies.

Front Pharmacol 2022 25;13:868461. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

While the chemical composition of vegetable butters and oils has been studied in detail, there is limited knowledge about their mechanisms of action after application on the skin. To understand their dermal effects better, 27 clinical studies evaluating 17 vegetable oils (almond, argan, avocado, borage, coconut, evening primrose, kukui, marula, mustard, neem, olive, rapeseed, sacha inchi, safflower, shea butter, soybean and sunflower oils) were reviewed in this research. The reviewed studies focused on non-affected skin, infant skin, psoriasis, xerosis, UVB-induced erythema, atopic dermatitis, , tungiasis, scars, striae and striae gravidarum. Read More

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Exuberant Case of Tungiasis From Brazil.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2022 06 27;113(6):621. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Gaffree e Guinle Universitary Hospital, Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Factors associated with tungiasis among school-age children in Kwale County, rural Kenya.

Int Health 2022 Apr 7. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Amref International University.

Background: The parasitic disease tungiasis, caused by the flea Tunga penetrans, remains an important public health problem among children and the elderly. The study assessed the factors influencing prevention and control of tungiasis infection among school-age children in Kwale County, Kenya.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five villages in Lunga Lunga subcounty among 538 children ages 5-14 y. Read More

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causing a rapidly progressing foot ulcer in a patient with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2022 Mar 16;2022(3):omac016. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Physiology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Tungiasis is a parasitic disease resulting from infestation by a female flea . The parasites are endemic in the tropics and can infect patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Augmented by uncontrolled hyperglycemia and pre-existing neuropathy, the parasite may trigger a locally spreading inflammation, which may aggravate the trauma introduced during its extraction, leading into a rapidly progressing foot ulcer. Read More

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Efficacy of oral fluralaner (Bravecto) against Tunga penetrans in dogs: A negative control, randomized field study in an endemic community in Brazil.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2022 03 14;16(3):e0010251. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

UESC, State University of Santa Cruz, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Postgraduate Program in Animal Science, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil. CNPq Reseracher - PQ2.

The sand flea Tunga penetrans is one of the zoonotic agents of tungiasis, a parasitic skin disease of humans and animals. The dog is one of its main reservoirs. This negatively controlled, randomized, double-masked clinical trial evaluated the therapeutic and residual efficacy of fluralaner for treatment of dogs naturally infested with T. Read More

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Environmental and Household-Based Spatial Risks for Tungiasis in an Endemic Area of Coastal Kenya.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2021 Dec 23;7(1). Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki-shi 852-8523, Nagasaki, Japan.

Tungiasis is a cutaneous parasitosis caused by an embedded female sand flea. The distribution of cases can be spatially heterogeneous even in areas with similar risk profiles. This study assesses household and remotely sensed environmental factors that contribute to the geographic distribution of tungiasis cases in a rural area along the Southern Kenyan Coast. Read More

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December 2021

Prevalence of Tungiasis and its risk factors of among children of Mettu woreda, southwest Ethiopia, 2020.

PLoS One 2022;17(1):e0262168. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Health Informatics, College of Health Science, Mettu University or Department of Environmental Health Science and Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Tungiasis is caused by the flea tunga penetrans and results in painful skin lesions, skin infections, and permanent disability. However, limited information is available that shows the magnitude of the problem and its risk factors that help for intervention in Ethiopia. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of tungiasis in children aged 5 to 14 in Mettu woreda in 2020. Read More

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February 2022

Therapeutic Potential of Tea Tree Oil for Tungiasis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 10 26;105(5):1157-1162. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is a neglected tropical disease caused by penetration of female sand fleas, Tunga penetrans, into a person's skin usually in their feet. The disease inflicts immense pain and suffering on millions of people, particularly children. The condition is most prevalent in Latin America, the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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October 2021

Prevalence and associated factors of Tunga penetrans infestation among 5-14-year-olds in rural Ethiopia.

Authors:
Aiggan Tamene

PLoS One 2021 29;16(10):e0259411. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Environmental Health Unit, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wachemo University, Hossaena, Ethiopia.

Background: Tunga penetrans, also known as sand flea, causes Tungiasis in humans and animals. Despite its notoriety as an entomological problem, however, the ectoparasite receives little consideration from public health professionals. It is against this background that this article aims to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with Tunga penetrans infestation among 5-14-year-olds in rural Western Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2021

Assessment of the role played by domestic animals in jigger infection in Kandara sub-county, Kenya (case control study).

Pan Afr Med J 2021 10;39:231. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: tungiasis is an ectoparasitosis caused by penetration of female sand flea, Tunga penetrans, into the skin of the susceptible animal and the consequent hypertrophy of the parasite. The objective of this study was to assess the association between domestic animals and jigger infection among the residents of Kandara sub-county in central Kenya.

Methods: this was a case-control study that involved 776 individuals. Read More

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October 2021

Dermoscopy of skin infestations and infections (entomodermoscopy) - Part I: dermatozoonoses and bacterial infections.

An Bras Dermatol 2021 Nov-Dec;96(6):735-745. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Service of Dermatology, Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Dermoscopy is an essential in vivo diagnostic technique in the clinical evaluation of skin tumors. Currently, the same can also be said about its implications when approaching different clinical situations in Dermatology. A growing number of reports on dermatological scenarios and diseases have been published, in which dermoscopy has been of great diagnostic help. Read More

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November 2021

Risk factors for scabies, tungiasis, and tinea infections among schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional Bayesian multilevel model.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 10 6;15(10):e0009816. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Skin problems cause significant sickness in communities with poor living conditions, but they have received less attention in national or global health studies because of their low mortality rates. In many developing regions, the prevalence of parasitic skin diseases among schoolchildren is not reported. Previous studies thus have attempted to identify risk factors for these conditions using the frequentist approach. Read More

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October 2021

Common Dermatologic Conditions in Returning Travelers.

Curr Trop Med Rep 2021 Jun 16;8(2):104-111. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Investigador SNI Senacyt Panamá, Clinical Research Department, Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panamá City, Panamá.

Purpose Of Review: Travel medicine practitioners often are confronted with returning travelers with dermatologic disorders that could be of infectious causes or inflammatory or allergic. Some dermatologic processes are the result of exposure to insects or acquired due to environmental exposures. There is a broad range of dermatosis of infectious and non-infectious etiologies that clinicians need to consider in the differential diagnosis of dermatosis in travelers. Read More

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The efficacy of topical, oral and surgical interventions for the treatment of tungiasis: A systematic review of the literature.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 08 20;15(8):e0009722. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil.

Background: Tungiasis is a neglected disease caused by Tunga penetrans that can be complicated by secondary infections and local tissue destruction. Adequate treatment is important, especially in vulnerable populations; potential treatment options proposed range from surgical extraction to the use of oral and topical medications. We aimed to perform a systematic review to assess the efficacy of topical, oral and surgical interventions for the treatment of tungiasis. Read More

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Evaluating the potentials of randomised integrated control trial on tungiasis in a South-western Nigerian community.

Acta Trop 2021 Nov 3;223:106076. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Delta State University Abraka Nigeria.

Considering the fact that new, safe and incorporable treatment alternatives to therapeutic prophylaxis for tungiasis are lacking and sometimes proving difficult, this present study evaluated the potentials of integrating control approach involving focal premise treatment using 5% emulsifiable concentrate of cypermethrin, and topical application of Piper guineense oil with personal protection. Of the 90 houses selected, their floors were classified into paved rooms & unpaved verandas, paved verandas & unpaved rooms, paved rooms & verandas, and unpaved rooms & verandas, and tested for the presence of sand fleas using the sweeping and beating as well as soil collection and extraction by tullgren funnel method before fumigation. A total of 100 individuals partitioned into four groups of 25 individuals each were assigned 3%, 5%, 10% and 15% of P. Read More

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November 2021

Infection with tungiasis through interhost movement of adult female sand fleas, Tunga penetrans.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2022 02;116(2):85-86

Institute of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Immunology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

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February 2022

Tungiasis in domestic, wild, and synanthropic animals in Brazil.

Acta Trop 2021 Oct 28;222:106068. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Postgraduate Program in Public Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, CEP 60.430-140, Brazil. Electronic address:

Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic skin disease of humans and warm-blooded animals caused by fleas of the genus Tunga (Jarocki, 1938). Dogs, cats, pigs, and synanthropic rodents are the main animal reservoirs. Of the 14 known species, 12 are found in Latin America and, among these, eight are found in Brazil, including the two zoonotic species Tunga penetrans and Tunga trimamillata. Read More

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October 2021

Treatment of tungiasis using a tea tree oil-based gel formulation: protocol for a randomised controlled proof-of-principle trial.

BMJ Open 2021 07 29;11(7):e047380. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Pharmacy, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Introduction: Tungiasis (sand flea disease or jigger infestation) is a neglected tropical disease caused by penetration of female sand fleas, , in the skin. The disease inflicts immense pain and suffering on millions of people, particularly children, in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. Currently, there is no standard treatment for tungiasis, and a simple, safe and effective tungiasis treatment option is required. Read More

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Case Report: Evidence of Tungiasis in the Amazon Rain Forest of Ecuador.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 07 12;105(3):698-700. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

2Fundación Misión Cristiana de Salud, Shell, Pastaza, Ecuador.

Tungiasis occurs in tropical and subtropical areas in Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa and is a Neglected Tropical Disease. We diagnosed three cases of tungiasis in a Dutch family visiting indigenous communities in the Amazon basin of Ecuador. Eight days after returning, they presented papular, pruritic, and painful lesions on the feet, with a whitish halo and a blackish central point with abundant whitish eggs upon extraction. Read More

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Clinical interventions for tungiasis (sand flea disease): a systematic review.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 08 5;21(8):e234-e245. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, Canberra, ACT, Australia. Electronic address:

Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is an epidermal parasitic skin disease occurring in resource-limited communities. There is no standard treatment for tungiasis, and available treatment options are scarce. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review aimed to assess randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating interventions for tungiasis. Read More

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Presence of dogs and proximity to a wildlife reserve increase household level risk of tungiasis in Kwale, Kenya.

Trop Med Health 2021 Jul 5;49(1):54. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine-Kenya Medical Research Institute (NUITM-KEMRI) project, Kenya, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan.

Introduction: Tungiasis is a ectopic skin disease caused by some species of fleas in the Tunga genus, most notably T. penetrans. The disease afflicts poor and marginalized communities in developing countries. Read More

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[Tungiasis].

Rev Prat 2021 02;71(2):171

"Service de médecine interne, centre hospitalier Ouest Réunion, Saint-Paul, La Réunion, France".

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February 2021

Intensity and clinical morbidities of tungiasis in an impoverished south-west Nigerian community.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2021 Aug 27;14:e00215. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Sand fleas infestation, , remains a neglected tropical disease of public-health concern in many countries. Tungiasis can lead to destruction of the feet causing serious discomfort and deformities. This study aim was to determine the intensity rate and clinical morbidities of tungiasis among the people living in Igbokoda, Ondo State, Nigeria. Read More

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Tungiasis in the urban area of Popayán, Colombia: A case report

Biomedica 2021 05 31;41(Supl. 1):8-16. Epub 2021 May 31.

Grupo de Investigación en Lactancia Materna y Alimentación Complementaria, Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.

Tungiasis is an endemic ectoparasitosis in Latin America associated with risk factors such as rurality, poverty, and living with animals. In Popayán, a city in southwest Colombia, the disease was highly prevalent in the past, to such degree that its inhabitants were given the nickname of patojo, a word that describes the way of walking of people infested by the flea. However, it was believed eradicated at present. Read More

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Potential use of dermoscopy in atypical tungiasis.

J Travel Med 2021 08;28(6)

Service des Maladies Infectieuses - Dermatologie, CHU Réunion, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France.

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Clinical implications and treatment options of tungiasis in domestic animals.

Parasitol Res 2021 Dec 5;120(12):4113-4123. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13, 14163, Berlin, Germany.

Tunga penetrans, Tunga trimamillata and Tunga hexalobulata are the three species of sand fleas which cause tungiasis in domestic animals. Tunga penetrans and T. trimamillata are zoonotic in the tropical and sub-tropical endemic communities of Latin America and Africa. Read More

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December 2021

Clinical and macroscopic morphological features of canine tungiasis.

Parasitol Res 2021 Mar 21;120(3):807-818. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz - UESC, Campus Soane Nazaré de Andrade, Rodovia Jorge Amado, Km 16, Bairro Salobrinho, CEP, Ilheus, BA, 45662-900, Brazil.

Tungiasis is a public health problem in endemic resource-poor communities, where dogs are important reservoirs of Tunga spp., contributing significantly to the process of transmission of this zoonosis. In order to optimize the diagnosis of canine tungiasis, macroscopic morphological characteristics and clinical signs of the lesions were investigated, based on the inspection of 40 dogs infested by T. Read More

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Clinical and pathological aspects of first report of Tunga penetrans infestation on southern brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba clamitans) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

J Med Primatol 2020 12 14;49(6):315-321. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Departamento de Patologia Clínica Veterinária, Laboratório de Protozoologia e Rickettsioses Vetoriais (Protozoovet), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Tungiasis is a neglected neotropical disease caused by penetration of Tunga spp. into the skin of the host.

Methods: Two primates were rescued from nearby different indigenous villages, and the clinical, pathological, and parasitological features of tungiasis were described. Read More

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December 2020

Epidemiology of tungiasis in sub-saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pathog Glob Health 2020 10 10;114(7):360-369. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University , Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Tungiasis is a public health disease in many rural and urban slums in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), primarily affecting children and the elderly. Yet, this disease has received little attention in many sub-Saharan African countries. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled prevalence of tungiasis and associated risk factors in SSA. Read More

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October 2020