297 results match your criteria Tungiasis
G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.
Section of Dermatology, Department of Medical Science, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
Dermatol Ther 2018 Sep 14:e12665. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Department of Dermatology, Medical School of Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil.
Tropical regions receive a significant part of the traveling population. It is very important that health professionals are familiar with the main tropical skin diseases and able to advice patients appropriately. This article reviews the main tropical diseases of travelers, with an emphasis on diagnosis, management, and prevention. Read More
BMC Infect Dis 2018 Sep 10;18(1):456. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Background: Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic infestation, which still has public health importance in deprived populations of developing countries. Data on the prevalence and risk factors of tungiasis is rare in Ethiopia. Hence, this study was designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of tungiasis among children in Wensho district, southern Ethiopia. Read More
Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Aug 6;7(1):74. Epub 2018 Aug 6.
Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
Background: Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) occur in most countries and cause a considerable health and economic burden, particularly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to assess and analyse peer-reviewed literature on EPSD in humans. The results of this study serve as an indicator of the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene. Read More
Intern Med 2018 12 6;57(23):3497-3498. Epub 2018 Jul 6.
Department of Infectious Diseases and Applied Immunology, IMSUT Hospital of The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan.
Cureus 2018 Mar 5;10(3):e2278. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences.
Tungiasis is an infection/infestation of the flea . These are bloodsucking ectoparasitic insects belonging to the phylum Arthropoda, and they do not possess wings, but they have long legs enabling them to jump up to 30 cm high. The fleas are usually present on the skin and in the hair of domestic and wild animals and are prevalent throughout the world. Read More
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Feb 11. Epub 2018 Feb 11.
Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, North 15 West 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.
G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.
Med J Armed Forces India 2017 Oct 15;73(4):375-379. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
Classified Specialist (Surgery), Command Hospital (Western Command), Chandimandir, India.
Background: Tungiasis is an ectoparasitosis caused by the sand flea . It is endemic in the under privileged communities of Latin America, the Caribbean and Sub Saharan Africa with geographic and seasonal variations even within endemic areas. We describe investigation of an outbreak of Tungiasis in troops deployed as part of UN peacekeeping force in Central Africa. Read More
J Nepal Health Res Counc 2018 Jan 1;15(3):295-297. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
Institute of Medicine, Trbhuvan University Teaching Hospital Maharajgunj Kathmandu, Nepal.
Tungiasis is a common parasitic infection inmany parts of the world, including South and Central America and parts of Africa. It is rare in other places, such as in India and Pakistan and imported cases have been reported in Taiwan, Italy, the United States of America, etc. Our diagnosis was made based on histopathologiocal features of the parasite, which corresponds too ther reports and description of tungiasis. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 01 8;12(1):e0005939. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, University Medicine Berlin, Germany.
Background: Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is a neglected tropical skin disease caused by female sand fleas (Tunga spp.) embedded in the skin of the host. The disease is common in sub-Saharan Africa and predominantly affects children living in impoverished rural communities. Read More
Ann Emerg Med 2018 Jan;71(1):151-156
Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.
Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2017 Dec;26(4):115-117
Department of Dermatology, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.
Tungiasis is a cutaneous parasitosis caused by infestation of the skin by gravid fleas of the genus Tunga, mainly Tunga penetrans. This flea is very common in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, but not in Europe. The infestation is acquired by walking barefoot or lying in places where the flea is present, usually beaches or sandy soils. Read More
An Bras Dermatol 2017 Sep-Oct;92(5):727-728
Dermatology Service of the Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS) - Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
The authors report an unusual case of disseminated tungiasis in a 52-year-old patient living in the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, who had crusted-papular-nodular lesions located in feet, hands, and right thigh. Diagnosis was confirmed by dermoscopy and anatomopathological examination. Read More
Acta Trop 2018 Jan 7;177:81-88. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charité University Medicine, Berlin Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin, Germany.
Background: Zoonotic tungiasis caused by Tunga penetrans remains a serious public and animal health problem among endemic villages in Uganda and many sub Saharan African countries. Studies on human and animal tungiasis-related knowledge and treatment practices in endemic communities have never been undertaken, a limitation to development of sustainable control measures.
Methods: A cross sectional study using semi-structured questionnaires (Supplementary file S1) was conducted among 236 animal rearing households in 10 endemic villages in Bugiri District, South-Eastern Uganda. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Oct 9;11(10):e0005925. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Tungiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by female sand fleas (Tunga penetrans) embedded in the skin. The disease is associated with important morbidity. Tungiasis is endemic along the Coast of Kenya with a prevalence ranging from 11% to 50% in school-age children. Read More
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Mar 10;32(3):e113-e114. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
Trop Med Health 2017 15;45:23. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Tungiasis is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries but remains often under diagnosed and untreated eventually leading to chronic sequels. The objective of the study was to assess whether tungiasis-associated inflammation can be detected and quantified by high-resolution infrared thermography (HRIT) and whether after removal of the parasite inflammation resolves rapidly.
Methods: Patients with tungiasis were identified through active case finding. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Sep 8;11(9):e0005901. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
Center for Traditional Medicine and Drug Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.
Tungiasis or jigger infestation is a parasitic disease caused by the female sand flea Tunga penetrans. Secondary infection of the lesions caused by this flea is common in endemic communities. This study sought to shed light on the bacterial pathogens causing secondary infections in tungiasis lesions and their susceptibility profiles to commonly prescribed antibiotics. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Aug 3;11(8):e0005808. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
Background: The prevalence of skin disease in low and middle income countries is high and communicable skin diseases are a significant public health problem. Tungiasis is an ectoparasite infestation caused by the flea Tunga penetrans, which has a widespread geographical distribution. Tungiasis causes painful skin lesions and may affect activities of daily living. Read More
Trop Med Infect Dis 2017 Jul 27;2(3). Epub 2017 Jul 27.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité University Medicine, 12203 Berlin, Germany.
Tungiasis is a tropical skin disease caused by the sand flea . It inflicts misery upon tens of millions of people, mostly children, across Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa, and yet there is no globally accepted roadmap for its control. Here we review how research in the last 15 years has developed control methods and report on new grassroots and digital mapping approaches. Read More
BMC Vet Res 2017 Jun 29;13(1):206. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 14163, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Towards the improvement of stakeholders' awareness of animal tungiasis, we report 10 unusual severe clinical cases of pig tungiasis which were associated with very high infection intensities of T. penetrans in an endemic area.
Results: Morbidity of ten pigs with high sand flea intensities detected during high transmission seasons in an endemic area in Busoga sub region, Uganda is described in detail. Read More
BMJ 2017 06 9;357:j2396. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
Great North Children's Hospital, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
Prev Vet Med 2017 Apr 20;139(Pt A):76-81. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
UESC, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:
Tungiasis is a parasitic skin disease neglected by authorities, health professionals, and the general population. Its occurrence is significantly associated with poverty. A cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the prevalence of tungiasis, associated clinical signs and risk factors of the canine population at a tourist site in the city of Ilhéus, Bahia (northeast Brazil). Read More
Trop Med Health 2017 10;45. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas (, Siphonaptera) into the skin. It belongs to the neglected tropical diseases and is prevalent in South America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. Tungiasis predominantly affects marginalized populations and resource-poor communities in both urban and rural areas. Read More
Braz J Infect Dis 2017 Jul - Aug;21(4):484-485. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
School of Medicine, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Electronic address:
J Med Case Rep 2016 Dec 20;10(1):354. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
Unit of Research, Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute, PO Box 65141, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Background: Tungiasis is one of the neglected tropical diseases; it affects up to 40% of individuals living in societies with poor housing and sanitation standards. In endemic areas, Tunga infestation, which predominantly affects the periungual areas of the lower limbs in humans, is associated with considerable morbidity and poor quality of life.
Case Presentation: A 78-year-old woman of African descent presented with pain, inflammation, suppuration, ulceration, and deformation of digits of all four limbs. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Oct 11;10(10):e0005056. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
Background: In endemic communities, zoonotic tungiasis, a severe skin disease caused by penetrating female sand fleas, is a public health hazard causing significant human and animal morbidity. No validated drugs are currently available for treatment of animal tungiasis. Due to the reservoir in domestic animals, integrated management of human and animal tungiasis is required to avert its negative effects. Read More
Pan Afr Med J 2016 24;24:77. Epub 2016 May 24.
Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
Introduction: Tungiasis is an endemic but neglected health problem in Uganda especially in resource poor communities. It is largely affecting rural communities in the Eastern, West Nile and Central regions. This study assessed prevalence and risk factors associated with tungiasis in Mayuge district, Eastern Uganda. Read More
Trop Doct 2017 Jan 8;47(1):34-38. Epub 2016 Jul 8.
Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
Tungiasis is highly prevalent in resource-poor communities in sub-Saharan Africa, but studies among schoolchildren are scanty. We assessed prevalence, parasite load and clinical aspects of tungiasis in schoolchildren in south-western Nigeria. A total of 545 schoolchildren was examined. Read More
Am J Clin Dermatol 2016 Oct;17(5):451-462
Department of Dermatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, USA.
The popularity of international travel continues to increase among Americans, even though they often experience subsequent illness on return from their journey. The pathogens responsible are not necessarily endemic to the destination itself but are often the result of poor sanitary conditions or activities engaged in while away. Skin disease ranks third among all medical concerns in returning travelers. Read More
Hautarzt 2016 Jul;67(7):586-8
Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Immunologisches Zentrum, Städtisches Klinikum Dessau, Auenweg 38, 06847, Dessau, Deutschland.
Skin Appendage Disord 2016 Feb 12;1(3):114-6. Epub 2015 Sep 12.
Dermatology Clinic, Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo, Brazil.
G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2016 Apr;151(2):207-8
Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy -
J Insect Sci 2016 24;16. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
Tungiasis ensues from the penetration and burrowing of female sand fleas (Tunga spp.; Siphonaptera: Tungidae) in the skin of mammals. There are few case reports of severe tungiasis in goats and in these cases the Tunga species were not in most cases clearly identified. Read More
Lancet 2016 Jul 12;388(10041):275. Epub 2016 Feb 12.
Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Pathol Res Pract 2016 May 2;212(5):475-83. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo 71, Modena 41124, Italy.
Tungiasis is an animal and human parasitic disease caused by fleas of the genus Tunga (Siphonaptera, Tungidae), endemic in equatorial and subtropical regions and rarely described in European countries, where clinicians and general pathologists could be not aware of this parasitic disease. To our knowledge, only 75 cases of human tungiasis (not all described in detail) were previously reported in Italy. We described a new case in a 34-year-old Italian flight attendant who developed a granuloma-like, ulcerated nodule in the subungual region of his left 5th toe, partially detaching the nail, about 20-30 days after his return from Brazil. Read More
Skinmed 2015 Jul-Aug;13(4):264-6. Epub 2015 Aug 1.
Department of Dermatology at the University of Panama, the Latina University of Panama and Interamerican University of Panama, Transístmica, Panama National Researcher II of the National Research System (SNI) of the SENACYT of Panama, Panama;
Parasit Vectors 2016 Jan 27;9:44. Epub 2016 Jan 27.
Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 14163, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Tunga penetrans (Insecta, Siphonaptera, Tungidae) causes severe morbidity among heavily infected humans and animals in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. The clinical pathology of tungiasis in animals has never been studied systematically.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between January to March 2015, aimed at describing tungiasis-associated clinical pathology in 121 and 20 T. Read More
Clin Exp Dermatol 2016 Jul 23;41(5):568-9. Epub 2016 Jan 23.
Department of Dermatology, The Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines 2015 5;1:13. Epub 2015 Dec 5.
Department of Zoological sciences, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
Background: Tungiasis is a parasitic skin disease brought about by female when they burrow into the skin of their hosts. It is a disease that has largely been ignored. Epidemiology of tungiasis has not been widely studied in Kenya which could negatively affect effective intervention strategies. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2015 16;9(10):e0004126. Epub 2015 Oct 16.
Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
Background: Animal tungiasis is believed to increase the prevalence and parasite burden in humans. Animal reservoirs of Tunga penetrans differ among endemic areas and their role in the epidemiology of tungiasis had never been investigated in Uganda.
Methods And Findings: To identify the major animal reservoirs of Tunga penetrans and their relative importance in the transmission of tungiasis in Uganda, a cross sectional study was conducted in animal rearing households in 10 endemic villages in Bugiri District. Read More
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2015 ;159:A9278
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen, Amsterdam.
Two young tropical medicine residents returned from Zanzibar with multiple aching wounds on their toes that did not heal within 6 weeks. The clinical picture fit 'tungiasis', which is caused by Tunga penetrans, also known as jigger or sandflea. The ectoparasites were surgically removed and the status of tetanus vaccination was checked. Read More
Int Marit Health 2015 ;66(3):173-80
Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.
Skin lesions, apart from diarrhoeas, fever of unknown origin, and respiratory tract infections belong to the most frequent medical problems in travellers returned from tropical and subtropical destinations, accounting more than 10% of reported cases. Most dermatoses have their clinical onset during travel, although some of them can occur after return. Travel-related dermatological problems can have a wide spectrum of clinical picture, from macular, popular or nodular rash, linear and migratory lesions, to plaques, vesicles, bullae, erosions or ulcers. Read More
G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2015 Oct;150(5):521-31
Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, A.O.U. Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele, Catania, Italy -
Dermatoscopy is a non-invasive technique that allows a rapid and magnified in vivo observation of the skin surface. By definition, it is performed with handheld devices (dermatoscopes) allowing X10 magnification. More expensive, computer-assisted digital systems (videodermatoscopes) may be equipped with lenses that ensure magnifications up to X1000; in this case the term videodermatoscopy is generally used. Read More
Med Sante Trop 2015 Jan-Mar;25(1):22
Rev Prat 2015 Apr;65(4):497-501
Dermatoses in returning travellers are common. These dermatoses are mainly infectious, the most common being bacterial infections of cosmopolitan origin (cellulitis, pyoderma and abcess). Others dermatoses are environmental diseases such as sunburns, arthropod-related reactions and superficial injuries. Read More
J Travel Med 2015 Jul-Aug;22(4):263-6. Epub 2015 Jun 2.
Laboratoire de Parasitologie et Zoologie appliquée, Faculté de Médecine, et Institut de Parasitologie de l'Ouest, Rennes, France.
Seven patients from a group of 16 travelers were diagnosed at our institution with one or more sand fleas on their toes, 1 day to 3 weeks after returning from Madagascar. A questionnaire was sent to the whole group to collect clinical and epidemiological information, which showed that 9 of 13 (69%) had received pre-travel medical advice, but none were aware of sand flea; thus prevention measures were rarely applied. Five of seven (71%) patients wore open sandals throughout the trip. Read More
Curr Infect Dis Rep 2015 Mar;17(3):467
Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.
Dermatologic manifestations of travel-related illness are particularly vexing due to the broad differential diagnosis and clinicians' unfamiliarity with uncommonly seen diseases. This paper aims to educate and update the reader on selected infectious diseases in the returned traveler whose disease manifestations are primarily dermatologic. First, the evolving epidemiology of these infections is examined; understanding the geographic distribution of infectious etiologies helps refine and narrow the differential diagnosis. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2015 Mar 20;9(3):e0003517. Epub 2015 Mar 20.
Department of Zoological sciences, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
Tunga penetrans are fleas that cause tungiasis, a condition characterized by high transmission rate due to poor housing conditions, social neglect and inadequate health care in economically disadvantaged communities in developing countries. This study therefore aimed at characterizing jiggers antigens to identify immunodominant ones to help understand immunological behavior of the parasite that would otherwise be important in future control of the parasite. Samples were gravid fleas and blood samples from infested individuals in Kahuro and Murang'a East district in Murang'a County. Read More