999 results match your criteria Tuberculosis Genitourinary Tract


Challenges in urogenital tuberculosis.

World J Urol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Novosibirsk Research TB Institute, Urogenital Clinic, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation.

Purpose: For better understanding of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB), its clinical spectrum and characteristic features need to be evaluated.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and forty-two cases of UGTB patients were analyzed retrospectively. We considered age, gender, symptoms, and diagnostic procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02767-xDOI Listing

Common Infections and Target Organs Associated with Chronic Granulomatous Disease in Iran.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019 Mar 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Cell and Molecular Biology Group, Airways Disease Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom,

Recurrent severe bacterial and fungal infections are characteristic features of the rare genetic immunodeficiency disorder chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). The disease usually manifests within the first years of life with an incidence of 1 in approximately 200,000 live births. The incidence is higher in Iran and Morocco where it reaches 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496181DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
2.673 Impact Factor

Esophageal Stricture Caused by in a Patient with No Apparent Predisposing Factors.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2019 2;2019:7182976. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatobiliary Diseases, New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, 11215, USA.

species are Gram positive anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria that are part of the human flora in the oropharyngeal, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tract. In the presence of a mucosal injury, they can become pathogenic and infect the underlying tissue without respect for tissue planes, leading to abscesses, fistulas, and sinus tracts. Through contiguous and hematogenous spread, virtually any organ can become infected. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crigm/2019/7182976/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7182976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334373PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Medical treatment for urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB).

Authors:
Christian Wejse

GMS Infect Dis 2018 9;6:Doc04. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Infectious Diseases/Center for Global Health, Dept of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) should in general be treated as pulmonary TB with a four-drug regimen of Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide for a total of 6 months, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide only the first two months. Some patients may need longer treatment (cavitary disease, kidney abscess/malfunction, HIV co-infection). Treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires use of long-term intravenous treatment with aminoglycosides and other drugs with considerable toxicity for 18-24 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3205/id000039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301712PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

Genitourinary Tract Infection Due to Mycobacterium avium intracellulare Complex Infection in Pretransplant Setting With Recurrence Following Transplant: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 8;50(10):3937-3939. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Program in Adult Transplant Infectious Disease, Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Genitourinary (GU) tract infection with Mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex (MAI) is very rare and, to our knowledge, has never been reported in the solid organ transplant literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 61-year-old Somali-born woman had a history of liver cirrhosis due to chronic hepatitis C infection. She was diagnosed as having and treated for latent tuberculosis infection and GU tract infection due to MAI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.09.007DOI Listing
December 2018
19 Reads

Primary cutaneous 'ulcerative' tuberculosis of the scrotum: a rare occurrence.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 19;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 19.

General Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a global disease and if not adequately treated can lead to morbidity and mortality. Though genitourinary TB is common and only next to pulmonary TB, cutaneous 'ulcerative' tuberculosis of the scrotum is not reported so far in the literature. We present a 32-year-old man with a non-healing scrotal ulcer and underwent excision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227177DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Curious case of fever of unknown origin.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Professor, Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

A 58-year-old immunocompetent woman presented with fever and significant weight loss of 4-month duration. She had mild pallor; rest of the examination was unremarkable. Investigations revealed anaemia with raised inflammatory markers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227258DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Genitourinary tuberculosis in Taiwan: A 15-year experience at a teaching hospital.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2019 Apr 9;52(2):312-319. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is rare but fatal if not diagnosed early. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of GUTB in Taiwan.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 57 patients who were diagnosed as GUTB from January 2002 to December 2016, over a 15-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2018.10.007DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Urogenital tuberculosis and schistosomiasis (bilharzia) : Urological challenges in displaced persons].

Urologe A 2018 Oct;57(10):1191-1199

Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Kinderurologie und Andrologie, Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg - Standort Gießen, Gießen, Deutschland.

We are observing the largest worldwide wave of migration ever. Displaced persons usually do not have access to general health care and are faced with a lack of hygienic conditions and infection control while fleeing, which leads to an accumulation of "exotic" infectious diseases. The number of patients with tuberculosis (TB) had declined for many years in Germany; however, increasing numbers of cases have recently been observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00120-018-0760-xDOI Listing
October 2018
25 Reads

Recurrent bilateral Mycobacterium bovis necrotizing epididymitis: a case report.

BMC Res Notes 2018 May 18;11(1):308. Epub 2018 May 18.

Aix-Marseille Univ, IRD, MEPHI, IHU Méditerranée Infection, 19-21 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France.

Background: Mycobacterium bovis causing tuberculosis in animals is responsible for zoonotic tuberculosis in patients. Veterinary control measures and milk pasteurization has led to a significant decrease in human cases of M. bovis infections in developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3426-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960082PMC
May 2018
35 Reads

Surprising pathological and clinical manifestations of miliary tuberculosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 12;2018. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

We report a surprising pathological finding of miliary tuberculosis (TB) in a 49-year-old Chuukese, immunocompetent woman who was initially admitted to the hospital for a 1-month duration of chronic abdominal pain and intermittent fevers. Her clinical symptoms did not improve despite treatment with vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam. Based on the primary abdominal CT findings suggesting advanced ovarian cancer with omental metastatic disease, further workup with omental core biopsy was performed and demonstrated acute neutrophilic necrosis without malignant cells or granulomata. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2017-22336
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223360DOI Listing
May 2018
9 Reads

The Wrong Frame of Mind.

N Engl J Med 2018 05;378(18):1716-1721

From the William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital and the Department of Medicine (J.A.M., A.J.L., N.S.) and Department of Pediatrics (J.A.M.), University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine, Madison; the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence - both in Ann Arbor (S.S.); and the Medical Service, San Francisco VA Medical Center, and the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco - both in San Francisco (G.D.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcps1710814DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Urogenital tuberculosis, the cause of ineffective antibacterial therapy for urinary tract infections.

Ther Adv Urol 2018 Mar 22;10(3):95-101. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Federal State Budgetary Institution 'The Novosibirsk Tuberculosis Research Institute (NTRI)' of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation.

Background: Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is one of the great imitators; it is commonly masked by urinary tract infections (UTIs). We aimed to estimate how many UGTB patients were among patients with a long history of UTIs.

Material And Methods: A total of 244 patients with recurrent UTIs and suspected UGTB were enrolled in an open, noncomparative prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756287217745772DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5896858PMC
March 2018
14 Reads

Tuberculosis of the Urogenital Tract in Adults in a Tertiary Referral Center.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1040:29-37

Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, 1A Banacha Street, 02-097, Warsaw, Poland.

The genitourinary system is the main location of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. In Poland, it occupies the third place after tuberculosis of the pleura and lymph nodes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of tuberculosis in the urogenital tract in adult patients in a tertiary referral center in the years 2007-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/5584_2017_103DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

[Is there screening for urinary tuberculosis?]

Urologiia 2017 Dec(6):34-37

Novosibirsk Tuberculosis Research Institute of Minzdrav of Russia, 2Novosibirsk State Medical University of Minzdrav of Russia, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Introduction: Most of the patients with genitourinary tuberculosis are detected too late. One of the reasons for this is the lack of a simple, cheap, reliable screening. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using a recombinant tuberculosis allergen (diaskintest) as a screening test to detect patients with genitourinary tuberculosis. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Tuberculosis epididymitis complicated by a cutaneous fistula.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Nov 9;2017. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Department of Surgery, Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Berkeley, California, USA.

A 63-year-old man developed scrotal swelling that became bilateral over 2 months. His symptoms persisted after treatment for epididymitis, and he developed a scrotal fistula with drainage. grew from the urine and fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-221346DOI Listing
November 2017
1 Read

Tuberculous pyelonephritis in children: three case reports.

Paediatr Int Child Health 2017 Nov 1;37(4):292-297. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

b Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics , Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research and Associated Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital , New Delhi , India.

Tuberculous pyelonephritis is rare in children; three case reports are presented. Case 1 was an 11-year-old girl with a previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis who presented with flank pain and fever for 10 days. An ultrasound suggested focal pyelonephritis, and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) scan demonstrated acute focal pyelonephritis and a perinephric collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20469047.2017.1386847DOI Listing
November 2017
16 Reads

Obstructive uropathy as initial presentation of genitourinary tuberculosis and masquerading as a postsurgical complication.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Oct 15;2017. Epub 2017 Oct 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.

A 46-year-old woman who had a recent total abdominal hysterectomy presented with a 1 month history of lower abdominal pain, 1 week of nausea and vomiting as well as decreased urinary output preceded by a year of significant unintentional weight loss. On renal imaging, she was found to have bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureters in the setting of bilateral distal ureteric obstruction complicated with acute kidney injury and severe hyperkalaemia requiring haemodialysis. The initial concern was for ureteric injury, a known complication of abdominal hysterectomy procedures, however, a urological intervention, performed 9 months later to relieve the ureteric obstruction, revealed purulent material within the left ureter that was smear positive for acid fast bacilli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-221270DOI Listing
October 2017
15 Reads

Genital tuberculosis in females.

Indian J Med Res 2017 Apr;145(4):425-436

Department of Clinical Research, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India.

The morbidity and mortality due to tuberculosis (TB) is high worldwide, and the burden of disease among women is significant, especially in developing countries. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli reach the genital tract primarily by haematogenous spread and dissemination from foci outside the genitalia with lungs as the common primary focus. Genital TB in females is a chronic disease with low-grade symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1550_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5663156PMC
April 2017
64 Reads

Urine trouble: genitourinary tuberculosis and subsequent DRESS syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Aug 7;2017. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA.

A 40-year-old woman with HIV (CD4 270, viral load undetectable) from Zambia presented with fevers, urinary tract infection symptoms, sterile pyuria and haematuria. She was found to have genitourinary tuberculosis (TB) via mycobacterial culture of urine and ascites, and treated with rifabutin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. She later had multiple episodes of asymptomatic transaminitis, triggering changes to both TB and HIV regimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-220440DOI Listing
August 2017
5 Reads

The incidence of subclinical forms of urogenital tuberculosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

J Infect Public Health 2018 Mar - Apr;11(2):243-245. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Thomayer Hospital, Videnska 800, 140 59 Prague 4, Czech Republic; Department of Laboratory Medicine, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

The aim of our study was to determine whether patients with pulmonary tuberculosis may have subclinical forms of urogenital tuberculosis. Between 2011 and 2012, a prospective study was conducted. Basic demographic parameters were recorded and the following investigations were performed: direct bacilloscopy of sputum, evaluation of affected lung fields and presence of cavities on chest X-ray, Mantoux tuberculin skin test II, and interferon gamma release assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2017.07.005DOI Listing
November 2018
58 Reads

Etiologic and differential diagnostic significance of tumor location in the supraclavicular fossa.

Laryngoscope 2018 03 20;128(3):646-650. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Charite'-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: Patients presenting with a cervical mass are common for head and neck specialists and present a diagnostic challenge against the backdrop of a wide variety of etiologies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the significance of a mass in the supraclavicular fossa for etiology, diagnostic procedure, and therapy.

Study Design: Individual retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.26775
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.26775DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

Does pyuria always suggest urinary tract infection with common microorganisms? Answers.

Pediatr Nephrol 2018 04 18;33(4):615-617. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Department of Pulmonology, Ministry of Health, Bağcılar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-017-3734-0DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Does pyuria always suggest urinary tract infection with common microorganisms? Questions.

Pediatr Nephrol 2018 04 18;33(4):611-613. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Department of Pulmonology, Ministry of Health, Bağcılar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Genitourinary system tuberculosis (GUTB) is a chronic granulomatous infection in which tuberculous bacilli affect one or more organs in the genitourinary system. In this report, an unusual presentation of miliary tuberculosis was presented as GUTB. A 15-year-old girl presented with complaints of severe abdominal pain and dysuria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-017-3727-zDOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Omental actinomycosis imitating a foreign body infection.

Z Gastroenterol 2017 Jul 14;55(7):675-678. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Actinomycosis is a rare chronic disease caused by a group of anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria that colonize the mouth, colon, and urogenital tract. Infection involving the cervicofacial area is the most common clinical presentation, followed by that of the pelvic and thoracic areas. The preoperative diagnosis of abdominal actinomycosis is difficult because the condition can be easily confused with malignancy, tuberculosis, or other inflammatory diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-110573DOI Listing
July 2017
23 Reads

Whole Genome Sequencing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates From Extrapulmonary Sites.

OMICS 2017 07;21(7):413-425

2 Institute of Bioinformatics , International Technology Park, Bangalore, India .

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) constitutes around 15-20% of TB cases in immunocompetent individuals. Extrapulmonary sites that are affected by TB include bones, lymph nodes, meningitis, pleura, and genitourinary tract. Read More

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http://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/omi.2017.0070
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/omi.2017.0070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436032PMC
July 2017
19 Reads

High incidence of fluoroquinolone resistance and effect of efflux pump inhibitors on moxifloxacin resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates causing urinary tract infection in Taiwan.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2017 Sep 28;50(3):491-495. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

This study explored the prevalence of urinary tract tuberculosis (UTB) and whether efflux pump activation accounts for resistance to moxifloxacin in Taiwan. Of 3034 patients with culture-confirmed TB from 2005-2012, 47 patients (1.5%) with UTB were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2017.04.010DOI Listing
September 2017
12 Reads

Diagnostic accuracy of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) in urine for genitourinary tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Infect Dis 2017 06 5;17(1):390. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, Urb. Ingeniería, S.M, P, Lima, Perú.

Background: Genitourinary tuberculosis is the third most common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnosis is difficult because of unspecific clinical manifestations and low accuracy of conventional tests. Unfortunately, the delayed diagnosis impacts the urinary tract severely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2476-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460328PMC
June 2017
18 Reads

Laparoscopic Reconstruction in Post-Tubercular Urinary Tract Strictures: Technical Challenges.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2017 Nov 10;27(11):1121-1126. Epub 2017 May 10.

Department of Urology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research , Kolkata, India .

Background: Genitourinary tuberculosis still continues to plague developing countries and is a significant cause of morbidity as well as mortality in the developing world. At present, nearly 55% of the patients of genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) need surgical management. Owing to the presence of dense adhesions and loss of normal anatomical planes, GUTB was considered to be a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2016.0609DOI Listing
November 2017
24 Reads

First reported case of fulminant TB with progression of infection from lungs to the genitourinary region.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2017 04 13;59:e20. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.

Although tuberculosis (TB) is a curable disease, it continues to be one of the leading infections associated with death in the world. Extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB) occurs in approximately 10% of the total cases, presenting with lymph nodes, pleura, bone and genitourinary tract as the most common locations. Genitourinary tuberculosis, the second most common EPTB, is very difficult to diagnose unless there is a high index of suspicion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201759020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5440999PMC
April 2017
16 Reads

Multidetector CT urography in urogenital tuberculosis: use of reformatted images for the assessment of the radiological findings. A pictorial essay.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2017 09;42(9):2314-2324

Radiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Prevention, St. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Albertoni, 15, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is the most common form of extrapulmonary TB and is responsible for a destructive inflammation of the renal parenchyma and urinary tract often leading to the loss of kidney function. For these reasons, the early diagnosis of this disease, once considered disappeared in developed countries, is very important to establish a prompt and efficient treatment. However, the subtle and non-specific symptoms, often represented by recurrent and persistent lower urinary tract symptoms, can confound and delay the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-017-1129-0DOI Listing
September 2017
14 Reads

Gross Hematuria Is More Common in Male and Older Patients with Renal Tuberculosis in China: A Single-Center 15-Year Clinical Experience.

Urol Int 2017 25;99(3):290-296. Epub 2017 Mar 25.

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing, PR China.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of renal tuberculosis and identify the age- and gender-related differences.

Methods: A total of 419 patients at the Peking University First Hospital from January 2000 to July 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Data on demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, complications, laboratory results, radiologic imaging, surgical procedures, and pathology features were collected and compared between genders and 3 different age groups (under 40 years, 41-60, years and over 60 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000464472DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2017 Jan-Mar;6(1):87-93

Department of Infection, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London; National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at UCL Hospitals, London, United Kingdom.

Objective/background: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), which accounts for 10%-40% of the global burden of TB, with the highest incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa, is strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Diagnosing EPTB is challenging, and recently, there has been a concerted effort to evaluate the latest molecular diagnostics for diagnosing TB in a range of specimen types. The Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) is one such technology, which simultaneously detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2212-5531.201892DOI Listing
July 2018
13 Reads

Tuberculous prostatitis: mimicking a cancer.

Pan Afr Med J 2016 2;25:130. Epub 2016 Nov 2.

Department of Urology, Hassan II Hospital University Center, Fez, Morocco.

Genitourinary tuberculosis is a common type of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis . The kidneys, ureter, bladder or genital organs are usually involved. Tuberculosis of the prostate has mainly been described in immune-compromised patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.25.130.7577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5325492PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

[Tuberculosis of the prostate].

Urologiia 2016 Dec(6):128-131

Urology Clinic, N.A. Semashko Nizhny Novgorod Regional Clinical Hospital, Nizhny Novgorod.

Genitourinary tract is the second most common site where extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) occurs. Genitourinary TB is notable for a latent clinical course and difficult diagnosis. The paper presents clinical observations of two patients treated in a urology department of a general public hospital. Read More

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December 2016
3 Reads

[The epidemiological situation of urogenital tuberculosis in Siberia and the Far East].

Urologiia 2016 Dec(6):65-70

Novosibirsk Tuberculosis Research Institute of Minzdrav of Russia, 2Novosibirsk State Medical University of Minzdrav of Russia.

Introduction: Tuberculosis remains one of the most important problems of our time. Late diagnosis of urogenital tuberculosis (UGT) results from a lack of a clinician awareness, paucity of pathognomonic symptoms and suboptimal therapy for urinary tract infections while UGT often manifests under their disguise.

Aim: To determine the incidence of urogenital tuberculosis and its structure in an epidemiologically unfavorable region. Read More

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December 2016
9 Reads

[Diagnosis and treatment of cystitis: more questions than answers?]

Urologiia 2016 Nov(5):37-42

Novosibirsk Tuberculosis Research Institute of Minzdrav of Russia.

Introduction: Despite the prevalence of acute cystitis, there are still many unsolved problems of diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

Material And Methods: To determine the nosological structure of dysuria, 126 female patients who sought medical attention for frequent painful urination were examined. To determine the incidence of outpatient visits to an urologist for patients with cystitis, medical records of 6753 patients of municipal outpatient clinic were analyzed. Read More

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November 2016
12 Reads

[Acute cystitis do we always need antibiotics?]

Urologiia 2016 Feb(1):25-28

Novosibirsk City Polyclinic.

We attempted to skip the antibiotic therapy in 17 patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis in the early time of presentation (up to 12 hours from the disease onset). All patients received ketoprofen (Flamax forte) 100 mg once daily for 5 days and the combined herbal preparation KanefronH 2 tablets t.i. Read More

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February 2016
5 Reads

[ANTIBIOTICS RESISTANCE OF CORYNEBACTERIUM NON DIPHTHERIAE STRAINS].

Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 2017 Mar(2):3-8

Aim: Study the frequency of occurrence of antibiotics resistant strains of various species of Corynebacterium non diptheriae.

Materials And Methods: C.pseudodiphtheriticum, C. Read More

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March 2017
1 Read

[Tuberculosis of the urinary tract of women suspected of pulmonary tuberculosis. A case report].

Wiad Lek 2016;69(6):825-828

Katedra I Zakład Medycyny Rodzinnej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska.

Diagnosis of tuberculosis requires bacteriological confirmation. The sputum is the material most frequently used for this purpose. In the case of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, it is necessary to obtain other materials, such as urine, pleural fluid, pericardial effusion, ascites, cerebrospinal fluid, sample of tissue, etc. Read More

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July 2017
37 Reads

Vulvar infections: beyond sexually transmitted infections.

Int J Dermatol 2017 Apr 15;56(4):361-369. Epub 2017 Feb 15.

The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

The vulva is an under-studied area of the female genitourinary tract which is prone to maceration, overgrowth of organisms, and atypical presentations of common dermatologic conditions. In current practice, dermatologists must recognize and manage vulvar infections and infestations beyond the more commonly recognized sexually transmitted infections. Herein, this article reviews the literature on a selection of under-recognized viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic vulvar infections and infestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13464DOI Listing
April 2017
7 Reads

Genitourinary sarcoidosis: An essential review for the practicing clinician.

Indian J Urol 2017 Jan-Mar;33(1):6-12

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA.

Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease that commonly involves the lungs, but may also present with extrapulmonary manifestations. Genitourinary (GU) tract involvement has been traditionally thought to be rare, but that view may underestimate the true prevalence of the disease due to the often, silent presentation thereof.

Methods: The literature pertaining to sarcoidosis from the general systemic point of view, etiology and therapy and with regard to specific organs was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-1591.195724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5264196PMC
February 2017
2 Reads

Hospitalizations for communicable diseases in a developing country: prevalence and trends-Monastir, Tunisia, 2002-2013.

Int J Infect Dis 2017 Feb 16;55:102-108. Epub 2017 Jan 16.

Research Laboratory (LR12 SP17), Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.

Background: In spite of the epidemiological transition, communicable diseases remain a public health problem and represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the crude and standardized prevalence rates of hospitalizations for communicable disease (HCD) and to assess trends in HCD by age and sex at a university hospital in Tunisia over a period of 12 years (2002-2013).

Methods: All cases of HCD from 2002 to 2013 in the university hospital departments were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2017.01.009DOI Listing
February 2017
9 Reads

"Spiral-Cap" ileocystoplasty for bladder augmentation and ureteric reimplant.

Urol Ann 2016 Oct-Dec;8(4):464-467

Department of Urology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Objective: To demonstrate the new technique of Spiral-cap ileocystoplasty for bladder augmentation and simultaneous ureteric reimplant.

Materials And Methods: Seven patients with small capacity bladder and simultaneous lower ureteric involvement operated in single tertiary care institute over the last 5 years were included in this study. Spiral-cap ileocystoplasty was used in all the patients for bladder augmentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0974-7796.192087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5100154PMC
January 2017
9 Reads

A case report of renal papillary necrosis due to tuberculosis-CT urogram and static MR urogram findings.

BJR Case Rep 2017 7;3(2):20150438. Epub 2017 Jan 7.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, St Johns Medical College, Koramangala, Bangalore, India.

The urinary tract is a common site of tuberculosis, which causes significant morbidity in the form of chronic renal disease. T uberculosis is not only common in developing countries but with the spurt in the number of immune-suppressed patients and the increasing incidence of drug -resistant strains, an increase in the number of patients suffering from genitourinary tuberculosis is expected even in developed countries. Genitourinary tuberculosis occurs owing to haematogenous dissemination of tubercular bacilli. Read More

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https://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20150438
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20150438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159247PMC
January 2017
10 Reads

[Corynebacterium riegelii as an unusual species separated from female patient with tuberculosis.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2017 ;62(9):574-576

The Rostovskii state medical university of Minzdrav of Russia, 344022, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The article describes a clinical case of tuberculosis of of urinary tracts of a female patient with massive discharge of strain Corynebacterium riegelii from urogenital tract. The data of clinical laboratory examination of female patient are analyzed. The characteristics of isolated strain C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2017-62-9-574-576DOI Listing
January 2017
1 Read

Genital tuberculosis: Unusual presentations.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2016 09 30;5(3):357-359. Epub 2016 Jul 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India.

Genital tract tuberculosis is usually secondary to extragenital tuberculosis. The upper genital tract is usually involved; involvement of cervix and vulva is very uncommon. We present two such rare cases of vulval and cervical tuberculosis diagnosed on histopathology and treated with antitubercular chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.06.017DOI Listing
September 2016
6 Reads

A rare case of isolated testicular tuberculosis and review of literature.

J Family Med Prim Care 2016 Apr-Jun;5(2):468-470

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Murshidabad Medical College, Berhampore, West Bengal, India.

Testicular tuberculosis (TB) is a rare form of genitourinary TB. It is usually presented as painful or painless testicular swelling with or without scrotal ulceration or discharging sinus. Infertility may occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.192334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5084585PMC
November 2016
6 Reads

Pulmonary Artery Invasion Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Chest 2016 Oct;150(4):e99-e103

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to Mycobacterium tuberculosis involving organs other than the lungs (eg, pleura, lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, abdomen, skin, joints and bones, or meninges). In non-HIV-endemic areas, where reactivation is the predominant mechanism of tuberculosis, pleural involvement occurs in 4% of cases. We present an extremely rare case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent patient with pleural tuberculosis confirmed by surgical pleural biopsies, who presented with a large mediastinal mass and evidence of pulmonary artery invasion on CT scanning and endobronchial ultrasonography imaging, highlighting a unique and malignant-like character of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.655DOI Listing
October 2016
9 Reads

[Extrathoracic manifestations of tuberculosis].

Radiologe 2016 Oct;56(10):885-889

Abteilung für Allgemeine Radiologie und Kinderradiologie, Universitätsklinik für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich.

Clinical/methodical Issue: Besides the lungs, tuberculosis (TB) can affect any organ system. In most cases, extrathoracic TB occurs in immunosuppressed patients as part of a severe illness via hematogenous spread. Extrathoracic involvement most commonly involves abdominal organs, especially the urogenital tract and less commonly the central nervous system (CNS) and the musculoskeletal system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-016-0167-xDOI Listing
October 2016
2 Reads