187,585 results match your criteria Truncus Arteriosus Imaging


Truncus arteriosus 5th decade transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiogram features.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jul 17;10(1):25-30. Epub 2014 May 17.

Andrews Memorial Hospital, TAI Wing, 27 Hope Road, Kingston 10, Jamaica.

Persistent truncus arteriosus in the 5th decade is a rare entity as the only physical anomaly. Truncus arteriosus consists of a single great arterial trunk with the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary circulation, with no atretic aortic or pulmonary vessel. The complex cardiac anatomy can be delineated with transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography, as is illustrated the case of our patient, who was diagnosed in infancy, at 5 months of age. Read More

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A rare combination: Single coronary artery originating from the left sinus of valsalva coexisting with perimembranous ventricular septal defect.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Aug 2;6(2):e39-e41. Epub 2012 May 2.

Rize University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Rize, Turkey.

Single coronary artery (SCA) is a rare congenital anomaly in which the entire coronary system arises from a solitary ostium. Although an uncommon congenital anomaly, SCA is encountered more frequently in the presence of other congenital cardiac malformations such as persistent truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, or pulmonary atresia. In this report, we present a case of SCA arising from the left sinus of valsalva coexisting with perimembranous ventricular septal defect. Read More

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Technical challenges of quantitative chest MRI data analysis in a large cohort pediatric study.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Erasmus Medical Center, Wytemaweg 80, 3015 CN, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objectives: This study was conducted in order to evaluate the effect of geometric distortion (GD) on MRI lung volume quantification and evaluate available manual, semi-automated, and fully automated methods for lung segmentation.

Methods: A phantom was scanned with MRI and CT. GD was quantified as the difference in phantom's volume between MRI and CT, with CT as gold standard. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

First clinical experiences of concurrent bleeding control and intracranial pressure monitoring using a hybrid emergency room system in patients with multiple injuries.

World J Emerg Surg 2018 29;13:56. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Osaka General Medical Center, 3-1-56 Bandai-Higashi, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka, 558-8558 Japan.

Background: The outcomes of multiple injury patients with concomitant torso hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are very poor. The hybrid emergency room system (HERS) is a trauma management system designed to complete resuscitation, computed tomography (CT), surgery, angioembolization, and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring all in one trauma resuscitation room without patient transfer. We aimed to review the outcomes of polytrauma patients who underwent concurrent bleeding control and ICP monitoring using the HERS. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of multivariate adaptive non-parametric reduced-order model for solving the inverse electrocardiography problem: a simulation study.

Med Biol Eng Comput 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Institute of Applied Mathematics, Middle East Technical University, Üniversiteler Mahallesi Dumlupınar Bulvarı, No:1, 06800, Çankaya/Ankara, Turkey.

In the inverse electrocardiography (ECG) problem, the goal is to reconstruct the heart's electrical activity from multichannel body surface potentials and a mathematical model of the torso. Over the years, researchers have employed various approaches to solve this ill-posed problem including regularization, optimization, and statistical estimation. It is still a topic of interest especially for researchers and clinicians whose goal is to adopt this technique in clinical applications. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Traumatic lumbar hernia: clinical features and management.

Ann Surg Treat Res 2018 Dec 26;95(6):340-344. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Trauma, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.

Purpose: Traumatic lumbar hernia is rare, thus making diagnosis and proper treatment challenging. Accordingly, we aimed to investigate the clinical manifestations and proper management strategies of traumatic lumbar hernias.

Methods: The medical records of patients with traumatic lumbar hernia treated at Gachon University Gil Hospital from March 2006 to February 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Systematic differences of non-invasive dominant frequency estimation compared to invasive dominant frequency estimation in atrial fibrillation.

Comput Biol Med 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, United Kingdom; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Clinical Sciences Wing, Glenfield General Hospital, Groby Road, Leicester, LE3 9QP, United Kingdom; National Institute for Health Research Leicester Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Centre, Leicester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Non-invasive analysis of atrial fibrillation (AF) using body surface mapping (BSM) has gained significant interest, with attempts at interpreting atrial spectro-temporal parameters from body surface signals. As these body surface signals could be affected by properties of the torso volume conductor, this interpretation is not always straightforward. This paper highlights the volume conductor effects and influences of the algorithm parameters for identifying the dominant frequency (DF) from cardiac signals collected simultaneously on the torso and atrial surface. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta: Assessing Need in an Urban Trauma Center.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 18;233:413-419. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Division of Traumatology, Surgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland.

Background: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has emerged as a bridge to definitive hemostasis in select patients with noncompressible torso hemorrhage. The number of patients who might benefit from this procedure, however, remains incompletely defined. We hypothesized that we could quantify the number of patients presenting to our center over a 2-year period who may have benefited from REBOA. Read More

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January 2019

Better lung function with increased handgrip strength, as well as maximum oxygen uptake, in congenital heart disease across the lifespan.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2018 Nov 30:2047487318816508. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

2 Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, Technical University of Munich, Germany.

Background: The respiratory benefits of muscle strength are well-known in heart-healthy populations, but recommendations and research often focus instead on aerobic fitness (peak oxygen uptake) or total activity. Independent benefits of strength thus may be underestimated, especially in congenital heart disease where perceived dangers of certain types of exercise may outweigh perceived benefits. To assess whether it is plausible that pulmonary benefits of strength in heart-healthy populations also apply in congenital heart disease, we simultaneously correlated these patients' lung function with fitness, strength, and cardiac diagnosis. Read More

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November 2018

Three-dimensional kinematic corridors of the head, spine, and pelvis for small female driver seat occupants in near- and far-side oblique frontal impacts.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 5:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin.

Objectives: Analyses of recent automotive accident data indicate an increased risk of injury for small female occupants compared to males in similar accidents. Females have been shown to be more susceptible to spinal injuries than males. To protect this more vulnerable population, advanced anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) and computer human body models are being developed and require biofidelity curves for validation. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta as an Adjunct in a Patient with Neurogenic Shock.

Cureus 2018 Sep 27;10(9):e3375. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Surgery, Harlem Hospital Center, New York, USA.

Aortic occlusion is used during trauma resuscitation for patients with profound shock and cardiac arrest. Aortic occlusion increases coronary and cerebral perfusion permitting time for interventions in an attempt to salvage moribund patients. Resuscitative endovascular occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a less invasive method of aortic occlusion and its indications are being defined, but it is used primarily for noncompressible torso hemorrhage. Read More

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September 2018

The reachable 3-D workspace volume is a measure of payload and body-mass-index: A quasi-static kinetic assessment.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 26;75:108-119. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Materials and Production, Fibigerstraede 16, Aalborg University, DK-9220, Aalborg East, Denmark. Electronic address:

An experimental protocol with five tasks is proposed for a low-cost empirical assessment of the reachable 3-D workspace (RWS), including both close-to-torso and far-from-torso regions. Ten participants repeated the protocol for four distinct hand payloads. The RWS expressed as a point cloud and its non-convex alpha-shape were obtained for each case. Read More

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February 2019

Impact of two postural assist exoskeletons on biomechanical loading of the lumbar spine.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 16;75:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Spine Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Integrated Systems Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

This study evaluated loading on the low back while wearing two commercially available postural assist exoskeletons. Ten male subjects lifted a box from multiple lift origins (combinations of vertical height and asymmetry) to a common destination using a squatting lifting technique with and without the use of either exoskeleton. Dependent measures included subject kinematics, moment arms between the torso or weight being lifted and the lumbar spine, and spinal loads as predicted by an electromyography-driven spine model. Read More

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February 2019

The relationship between torso inclination and the shearing force of the buttocks while seated in a wheelchair: Preliminary research in non-disabled individuals.

Assist Technol 2018 Nov 30:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

c Deptartment of Physical Therapy, Sapporo , Hokkaido University of Science , Sapporo , Japan.

The shearing force acting upon the contacting surface of the buttocks while seated in a wheelchair has been linked to the development of pressure ulcers. However, the actual causative factors have not been examined in detail. In an attempt to clarify the nature of this problem, we developed a specific measurement system. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Spigelian hernia in the right upper abdominal wall: a case report.

BMC Surg 2018 Nov 27;18(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the "Spigelian belt", but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, we report a case of SH in the right upper quadrant of abdomen. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Using mimicry of body movements by a virtual agent to increase synchronization behavior and rapport in individuals with schizophrenia.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 26;8(1):17356. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

University Department of Adult Psychiatry, Hôpital de la Colombière, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Synchronization of behavior such as gestures or postures is assumed to serve crucial functions in social interaction but has been poorly studied to date in schizophrenia. Using a virtual collaborative environment (VCS), we tested 1) whether synchronization of behavior, i.e. Read More

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November 2018

Body proportions for the facilitation of walking, running and flying: the case of partridges.

BMC Evol Biol 2018 Nov 26;18(1):176. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Animal Science, Division of Wildlife, Faculty of Life Sciences and Engineering, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.

Background: Predation is one of the most important natural selection forces. Prey species can optimize feeding behavior and escape from predators based on mobility conditioned by body proportions. With age, mobility capacity increases and individuals are more efficient in finding resources and safety (e. Read More

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November 2018

A quantitative description of self-selected walking in adults with Achondroplasia using the gait profile score.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 16;68:150-154. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Health, Exercise and Active Living Research, Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom.

Background: Achondroplasia is characterised by a shorter appendicular limb-to-torso ratio, compared to age matched individuals of average stature (controls). Previous work shows gait kinematics of individuals with Achondroplasia differing to controls, but no global quantification of gait has been made in adults with Achondroplasia.

Aim: The aim of this study was to quantify gait differences between a group of adult males with Achondroplasia and controls during self-selected walking (SSW) using the Gait Profile Score (GPS). Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Simulated P wave morphology in the presence of endo-epicardial activation delay.

Europace 2018 Nov;20(suppl_3):iii16-iii25

Département de Pharmacologie et Physiologie, Institut de Génie Biomédical, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Aims: Evidences of asynchrony between epicardial and endocardial activation in the atrial wall have been reported. We used a computer model of the atria and torso to investigate the consequences of such activation delay on P wave morphology, while controlling for P wave duration.

Methods And Results: We created 390 models of the atria based on the same geometry. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Electrocardiogram phenotypes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by distinct mechanisms: apico-basal repolarization gradients vs. Purkinje-myocardial coupling abnormalities.

Europace 2018 Nov;20(suppl_3):iii102-iii112

Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, Wolfson Building, Parks Rd, Oxford, UK.

Aims: To identify key structural and electrophysiological features explaining distinct electrocardiogram (ECG) phenotypes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

Methods And Results: Human heart-torso anatomical models were constructed from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images of HCM patients, representative of ECG phenotypes identified previously. High performance computing simulations using bidomain models were conducted to dissect key features explaining the ECG phenotypes with increased HCM Risk-SCD scores, namely Group 1A, characterized by normal QRS but inverted T waves laterally and coexistence of apical and septal hypertrophy; and Group 3 with marked QRS abnormalities (deep and wide S waves laterally) and septal hypertrophy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Anatomic Characteristics of the Retroperitoneal Oblique Corridor to the L1-S1 Intervertebral Disc Spaces.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, 100053, China.

Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study.

Objective: To investigate the oblique corridor to the L1-S1 intervertebral disc space between the psoas muscle and the great vessels in cadaveric specimens bilaterally and the location of genitofemoral nerve and the diaphragmatic crura relative to the oblique corridor.

Summary Of Background Data: Although use of oblique lumbar interbody fusion(OLIF) is rapidly expanding, the morphometric data related to the procedure are limited. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
2.297 Impact Factor

Relevance of early CT scan diagnosis of blunt diaphragmatic injury: A retrospective analysis from the Northern French Alps Emergency Network.

J Visc Surg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Service de chirurgie digestive et de l'urgence, CHU Grenoble-Alpes, CS 102017, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diaphragmatic rupture following blunt trauma occurs rarely. Classically described after high-velocity accidents, ruptures are often associated with multiple organ injuries. The diagnosis is sometimes difficult. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Reproducibility of Voice Parameters: The Effect of Room Acoustics and Microphones.

J Voice 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Lakeshore Ear, Nose, and Throat Center, Lakeshore Professional Voice Center, Michigan.

Introduction: Computer analysis of voice recordings is an integral part of the evaluation and management of voice disorders. In many practices, voice samples are taken in rooms that are not sound attenuated and/or sound-proofed; further, the technology used is rarely consistent. This will likely affect the recordings, and therefore, their analyses. Read More

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November 2018
10 Reads

Posterior open-wedge anterior longitudinal ligament release (POWAR): cadaveric technique analysis.

Clin Anat 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.

Introduction: Anterior column release is a powerful surgical technique for achieving spinopelvic balance in adult patients with sagittal plane deformities. We present an alternative strategy for focal deformity correction from a posterior-only approach. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a novel surgical technique called posterior open-wedge diskectomy and anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) release (POWAR). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The Body as Evidence for the Nature of Language.

Authors:
Wendy Sandler

Front Psychol 2018 29;9:1782. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Sign Language Research Laboratory, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Taking its cue from sign languages, this paper proposes that the recruitment and composition of body actions provide evidence for key properties of language and its emergence. Adopting the view that compositionality is the fundamental organizing property of language, we show first that actions of the hands, face, head, and torso in sign languages directly reflect linguistic components, and illuminate certain aspects of compositional organization among them that are relevant for all languages, signed and spoken. Studies of emerging sign languages strengthen the approach by showing that the gradual recruitment of bodily articulators for linguistic functions directly maps the way in which a new language increases in complexity and efficiency over time. Read More

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October 2018

Accuracy of 3D surface scanners for clinical torso and spinal deformity assessment.

Med Eng Phys 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Paediatric Spine Research Group, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation at Centre for Children's Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Externally visible deformities are cosmetic features of great concern for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. Current assessment techniques for AIS do not fully encompass the external deformity. A non-invasive method capable of capturing superficial anatomy, such as 3D scanning, would enable better qualitative and quantitative evaluation of cosmesis. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Abdominal Approach to Vesicovaginal Fistula.

Urol Clin North Am 2019 Feb;46(1):135-146

Department of Urology, Montefiore Medical Center, 1250 Waters Place, Tower 2, Suite 706, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address:

Principles of abdominal vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair include good exposure of the fistulous tract, double-layer bladder closure, retrograde fill of the bladder to ensure a water-tight seal, tension-free closure and continuous postoperative bladder drainage. Minimally invasive approaches, particularly robot-assisted laparoscopy, have demonstrated shorter operative times, decreased blood loss, improved visibility, and similar cure rates without increased adverse events. These techniques are therefore rising in popularity among surgeons. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma as a chest-wall mass: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13291

Department of Pathology, Weihai Municipal Hospital, Weihai, Shandong, China.

Rationale: Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the chest wall is extremely rare. A majority of the pleural lymphomas develop in patients with chronic tuberculous pyothorax. The underlying mechanism might be attributed to the sustained stimulation of chronic inflammation. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Metastatic thymic carcinoid responds to chemoradiation and octreotide: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13286

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Rationale: Thymic carcinoids are a rare type of malignant neuroendocrine tumors which have a poor prognosis due to their distant metastasis, invasive behaviour, and postoperative recurrence. Surgical resection is still the fundamental mode for treating thymic carcinoids. Here, we report the rapid shrinkage of an atypical thymic carcinoid with multiple metastases following chemoradiation plus octreotide as a first-line therapy PATIENT CONCERNS:: A 39-year-old Chinese man presented with chest tightness, dyspnea with a history of lumbago and untreated malignant thymoma. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

[Spontaneous rupture of hydatid cyst of liver in the peritoneal cavity with intact proligerous membrane: about a case and literature review].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 26;30:174. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Service de Chirurgie Viscérale CHU Mongi Slim, Sidi Daoued La Marsa, Tunisie.

Rupture of hydatid cyst of liver with intact proligerous membrane is rare. We report the case of a 63 year-old female patient presenting with right hypocondrium pain without fever or jaundice. Diagnostic imaging examination showed hydatid cyst in segment IV of liver associated with pelvic cystic lesion measuring 12 cm x 06 cm. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Dosimetry for the study of medical radiation workers with a focus on the mean absorbed dose to the lung, brain and other organs.

Int J Radiat Biol 2018 Nov 19:1-36. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

i Mayo Clinic (retired) , Rochester , MN , USA.

Background: The reconstruction of lifetime radiation doses for medical workers presents special challenges not commonly encountered for the other worker cohorts comprising the Million Worker Study (MWS).

Methods: The selection of approximately 175,000 medical radiation workers relies on using estimates of lifetime and annual personal monitoring results collected since 1977. Approaches have been created to adjust the monitoring results so that mean organ absorbed doses can be estimated. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Fight load index and body composition are most associated with combat fitness in female Marines.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Sports Medicine and Nutrition, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, United States.

Optimizing tactical fitness is important for combat readiness and injury prevention, especially as women have entered ground combat military occupational specialties.

Objectives: To assess characteristics of male and female Marines by Combat Fitness Test (CFT) performance clusters.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Bra-Line Back Lift.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Jan 22;46(1):77-84. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Hunstad Kortesis Bharti Cosmetic Surgery, 11208 Statesville Road, #300, Huntersville, NC 28078, USA.

Upper back deformity caused by aging or fluctuations in weight are cosmetically and functionally unappealing to patients. Natural upper torso adherence zones create tether points that lead to horizontal and vertical laxity. Bra-line back lift is a versatile technique that can be used in any individual showing signs of redundant skin and adiposity. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

The role of a checklist for assessing the quality of basic life support performance: an observational cohort study.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2018 Nov 16;26(1):96. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Aachen, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Training lay rescuers in Basic Life Support (BLS) is essential to improve bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates; in addition, simple methods are needed to provide feedback on CPR performance. This study evaluated whether a simple observational checklist can be used by BLS instructors to adequately measure the quality of BLS performance as an alternative to other feedback devices.

Methods: The BLS performances of 152 first-year medical students (aged 21. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Bed Sensor System with Multiple Weight Sensor Units for Urine Accumulation Measurement in Bladder.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:4375-4378

Urinary incontinence is highly prevalent in elderly populations. Some elderly people with dementia cannot feel or express the desire to urinate, which makes continence care difficult in elderly people with dementia. Therefore, a system to estimate the proper timing for urination is needed. Read More

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Tracking Kinematic and Kinetic Measures of Sit to Stand using an Instrumented Spine Orthosis.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:1-5

Age related spinal deformity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem, resulting in decreased quality of life. While spinal deformity can be corrected via surgical intervention, a large number of people with spinal fusions require follow-up surgery due to further degeneration. The identification of changes to a subjects kinematics and kinetics post-surgery are limited by a lack of methods to collect patient specific motion data over the course of surgical recovery. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Feasibility of a single mediastinal drain through the abdominal wall after esophagectomy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(46):e13234

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan.

This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a single mediastinal drainage tube in the thoracic and abdominal cavity after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). This study was undertaken to determine if the procedure could be included in a fast-track surgery program for resectable esophageal carcinoma (EC).From June 17 to November 30, 2015, clinical data for 78 eligible patients who had undergone a fast-track surgery program and MIE were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium as rare complications after retroperitoneal transpsoas lateral lumbar interbody fusion surgery: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(46):e13222

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium refer to conditions in which air exists within the mediastinum and pericardium, respectively. There is the communication between the mediastinum, pericardium, and retroperitoneum. We present the first report of rare complications (pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium) after retroperitoneal transpsoas lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) surgery. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Repeated Menthol Spray Application Enhances Exercise Capacity in the Heat.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2018 Nov 14:1-19. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

3 Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, U.K.

Purpose:: Exercise performance is impaired in the heat and a contributing factor to this decrement is thermal discomfort. Menthol-spraying of skin is one means of alleviating thermal discomfort but has yet to be shown to be ergogenic using single spray applications. We examined whether repeated menthol-spraying could relieve thermal discomfort, reduce perception of exertion and improve exercise performance in hot (35ºC), dry (22% RH) conditions; we hypothesised it would. Read More

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November 2018
11 Reads

Distribution of Alaria spp. mesocercariae in waterfrogs.

Parasitol Res 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Hochschule Anhalt, Gebäude 20, Strenzfelder Allee 28, 06406, Bernburg, Germany.

The distribution of Alaria-spp.-mesocercariae within the host is relevant for the examination via Alaria spp. mesocercariae migration technique (AMT) regarding predilection sites and may indicate an interaction between parasite and host. Read More

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November 2018

Patient-Reported Outcome of Physical Therapy in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Observational Online Study.

JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol 2018 Nov 12;5(2):e10099. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Center for ALS and other Motor Neuron Disorders, Department of Neurology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Physical therapy is an essential component of multidisciplinary treatment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the meaning of physical therapy beside preservation of muscular strength and functional maintenance is not fully understood.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine patients' perception of physical therapy during symptom progression using an internet assessment approach. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Radiation Exposure From Computed Tomography Of The Upper Limbs.

Acta Orthop Belg 2017 Dec;83(4):581-588

To investigate exposure to radiation we identified a cohort of 312 patients who underwent standardized CT of an upper limb within a three years period. The effective dose per dose length product coefficient was used to calculate the effective doses of radiation. Mean effective doses were as follows: shoulder CT, 10. Read More

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December 2017
4 Reads

A novel REBOA system: prototype and proof of concept

Can J Surg 2018 12;61(6):S188-S194

From the Royal Canadian Medical Service and the Department of Surgery, Western University, London, Ont.

Background: Lower torso hemorrhage is a significant cause of death from injuries in combat. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been used to rescue patients successfully in the hospital setting, but its prehospital use is controversial. We designed a device that would be easy to use, safer in injured vessels, migration-resistant and amenable to a prehospital environment. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Maps of electrical activity in diabetic patients and normal individuals.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 16;21:795-832. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania.

Here, data related to the electrical activity of the human skin are presented in detail. The 3D electrical activity maps in normal and diabetic individuals are shown and described using raw data obtained with . Average electrical activity matrices are shown by subject, gender and group. Read More

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December 2018

The utilization of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta: preparation, technique, and the implementation of a novel approach to stabilizing hemorrhage.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Sep;10(9):5550-5559

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Saint-Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.

Noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH), if not controlled promptly, leads to death. In the acute setting, aortic occlusion can be performed as damage control surgery (DCS) for hemorrhage originating from the abdomen and pelvis. With the development of endovascular technology, an intra-aortic balloon can be used to achieve aortic occlusion and decrease hemorrhage. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Insights into the etiology and embryology of gastroschisis.

Authors:
Sylvie Beaudoin

Semin Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 27;27(5):283-288. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique, Hôpital Universitaire Necker Enfants Malades, APHP, Paris, France; Département d'Anatomie et Morphogenèse, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:

The development of gastroschisis has long remained an area of interest and controversy. Successive theories about its pathogenesis are herein reviewed and discussed. Two historical assumptions, that omphalocele results from a persistent umbilical hernia, and that gastroschisis does not involve the umbilical cord, are dismissed. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

CT Enterography score: a potential predictor for severity assessment of active ulcerative colitis.

BMC Gastroenterol 2018 Nov 9;18(1):173. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 58th, The Second Zhongshan Road, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, China.

Background: Evaluate the possibility of CT enterography (CTE) score system as a predictor in assessing active ulcerative colitis (UC) severity.

Methods: Forty-six patients with active UC with CTE and colonoscopy were enrolled. Based on modified Mayo score, patients were divided into three groups: mild (n = 10), moderate (n = 17) and severe (n = 19). Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

More than just co-workers: Presence of humanoid robot co-worker influences human performance.

PLoS One 2018 8;13(11):e0206698. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

CNRS-AIST JRL (Joint Robotics Laboratory) UMI3218/RL, Tsukuba, Japan.

Does the presence of a robot co-worker influence the performance of humans around it? Studies of motor contagions during human-robot interactions have examined either how the observation of a robot affects a human's movement velocity, or how it affects the human's movement variance, but never both together. Performance however, has to be measured considering both task speed (or frequency) as well as task accuracy. Here we examine an empirical repetitive industrial task in which a human participant and a humanoid robot work near each other. Read More

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November 2018