J Neuroophthalmol 2021 Mar;41(1):e7-e15
Section of Radiology (Nivedita Agarwal), Hospital Santa Maria del Carmine, Rovereto, Italy; Division of Neuroradiology (Nivedita Agarwal, RHW), Department of Radiology. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; Department of Neurosurgery (AKA, GLG), the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Division of Neuro-ophthalmology (TJM), Department of Ophthalmology, the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Division of Neuroradiology (MK), Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Neuroradiology (LLM), Cedimagem/Alliar Diagnostic Center, Juiz de Fora, Brazil; Department of Radiology (AFC), Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, the University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, Tennessee; Department of Opththalmology (LCD), St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (MI), the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Division of Neuroradiology (Nafi Aygun), Department of Radiology, the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; and Division of Neuroradiology (AMB), Department of Radiology, University Hospitals, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.
Background: The trochlear nerve (the fourth cranial nerve) is the only cranial nerve that arises from the dorsal aspect of the midbrain. The nerve has a lengthy course making it highly susceptible to injury. It is also the smallest cranial nerve and is often difficult to identify on neuroimaging. Read More