24,349 results match your criteria Trigeminal Nerve


Nerve-Sheath-Risen Neuroglial Cyst: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Skull Base Research Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Loghman-e Hakim hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Neuroglial cysts are rare intracranial lesions that are believed to originate from the sequestration of neural tube lining during embryogenesis. They can present anywhere within the neuraxis; however, their most common location is the frontal lobe. Cerebellopontine angle (CPA) neuroglial cysts are extremely rare and to the best of authors' knowledge, there are no previous reports of a neuroglial cyst arising from cranial nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.203DOI Listing
January 2019

Surgical Therapy of Temporal Triggered Migraine Headache.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Dec 17;6(12):e1980. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery Division, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Background: The auriculotemporal and zygomaticotemporal nerves are the 2 primary trigger points in the temporal area of migraine headache. Different surgical approaches are described in literature, either open or endoscopic ones.

Methods: We described and delineated the currently adopted strategies to treat temporal trigger points in migraine headache. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000001980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326627PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 17;9(1):169. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Aarhus, Denmark.

This case-control study primarily compared the trigeminal nociceptive function, the intraoral somatosensory profile and possible structural nerve changes between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN, n = 12) patients and healthy participants (n = 12). The nociceptive blink reflex (nBR) was recorded applying an electrical stimulation over the entry zone of the right supraorbital (V1R), infraorbital (V2R) and mental (V3R) and left infraorbital (V2L) nerves. The outcomes were: individual electrical sensory (I) and pain thresholds (I); root mean square (RMS), area-under-the-curve (AUC) and onset latencies of R2 component of the nBR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37041-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Mutational screening of the SH3TC2 gene in Greek patients with suspected demyelinating recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease reveals a varied and unusual phenotypic spectrum.

J Peripher Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Neurogenetics Unit, 1st Department of Neurology, Eginition Hospital, Medical School National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4 C (CMT4C) is an autosomal recessive form of demyelinating peripheral neuropathy caused by mutations in SH3TC2, characterized by early onset, spine deformities and cranial nerve involvement. We screened SH3TC2 in 50 unrelated Greek patients with suspected demyelinating CMT and pedigree compatible with recessive inheritance. All patients had been previously screened for PMP22, GJB1 and MPZ mutations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jns.12305DOI Listing
January 2019

Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia Caused by a Cavernous Malformation: Case Report and Literature Review.

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2019 Jan 16:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Objective: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) related to a brainstem cavernous malformation (CM) is a rare entity. We present the first radiosurgical management of a patient with TN secondary to a CM.

Clinical Presentation: An 80-year-old female presented with a 33-year history of progressively severe TN refractory to medications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495476DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of microvascular decompression plus longitudinal nerve sectioning on recurrent trigeminal neuralgia and investigations of postoperative recurrence causes.

Turk Neurosurg 2018 Jul 2. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.

Aim: Recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (RTN) is a challenge for neurosurgeons. It is challenging to develop an appropriate treatment method for patients who respond poorly to initial therapies. This study aimed to investigate the causes of RTN and to evaluate the efficacy of microvascular decompression (MVD) plus longitudinal nerve sectioning (LNS) or LNS only for RTN patients who have received multiple procedures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23513-18.1DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Persistent primitive trigeminal artery associated with a cavernous carotid aneurysm. Case report and literature review.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Nov 30;12(11):1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Radiology, Sengkang General Hospital, Singapore.

The persistent primitive trigeminal artery is the most common persistent carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis. Patients are usually asymptomatic and the persistent primitive trigeminal artery is commonly found incidentally on imaging. Rarely, they may present with symptoms of neurovascular conflict or cranial nerve compression syndromes as the artery may be intimately related to the cranial nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i11.3500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312121PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Post-mortem detection of six human herpesviruses (HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, EBV, CMV, HHV-6) in trigeminal and facial nerve ganglia by PCR.

PeerJ 2019 9;6:e6095. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Neuroinfections, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland.

Background: Among over 100 types of viruses, eight can infect humans: herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesviruses 6, 7, and 8 (HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8). After initial infection, the viruses remain latent for the lifetime of the host. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of six different herpesviruses: HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, EBV, CMV, and HHV-6 in trigeminal and facial nerve ganglia among a random group of Polish population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330031PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Pain-free survival after vagoglossopharyngeal complex sectioning with or without microvascular decompression in glossopharyngeal neuralgia.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

OBJECTIVEGlossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) is a rare pain condition in which patients experience paroxysmal, lancinating throat pain. Multiple surgical approaches have been used to treat this condition, including microvascular decompression (MVD), and sectioning of cranial nerve (CN) IX and the upper rootlets of CN X, or a combination of the two. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term quality of life and pain-free survival after MVD and sectioning of the CN X/IX complex. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS18239DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Neuromodulatory treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Jan 11;92:148-160. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA; VA RR&D Center for Neurorestoration and Neurotechnology, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI, USA.

Electroconvulsive therapy has been used successfully in some individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) whose symptoms have not improved with other treatments. But there are only a few reports. Meanwhile, an array of new neuromodulation strategies, including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, trigeminal nerve stimulation, and deep brain stimulation have been developed and applied experimentally in the treatment of other psychiatric disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mental nerve injury induces novelty seeking behaviour leading to increasing ethanol intake in Wistar rats.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Jan 7;99:66-72. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología Conductual, Unidad Interdisciplinaria en ciencias de la Salud y la Eduación. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, UNAM, Av De Los Barrios 1, Los Reyes Ixtacala, Hab Los Reyes Ixtacala Barrio de los Árboles/Barrio de los Héroes, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Mexico.

Objective: Dental treatment and orofacial surgeries may induce chronic neuropathic orofacial pain (CNOP). This kind of pain affects adaptability to environmental changes in both model animals and humans. Part of the adaptation process depends on the ability to distinguish between familiar and novel stimuli. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

A Combined Extradural-Intradural Technique for an En-Bloc Anterior Petrosectomy: A Cadaveric Feasibility Study.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Skull Base and Cerebrovascular Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Electronic address: http://skullbaselab.ucsf.edu.

Introduction: The anterior petrosectomy approach is among the most popular for exposure of the petroclival region. However, the complexity of the anatomy, drilling time, and risk of injury to neurovascular structures make this procedure especially challenging.

Objective: Our study proposes a novel combined extradural-intradural technique for an en-bloc anterior petrosectomy-or one-piece Kawase(OPK)-while also charting the landmarks that define its surgical boundaries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183291
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.089DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Retrograde transport of masseter muscle-derived neprilysin to hippocampus.

Neurosci Lett 2019 Jan 11;698:180-185. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Oral Medicine, Infection, and Immunity Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 188 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, United States.

Although the effects of neprilysin (NEP), also called CD10, on the clearance of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated amyloid-β (Aβ) have been reported, NEP is not made in the brain, and the mechanism for the transport of NEP to the brain has not been investigated. Our hypothesis is that muscle packages NEP in exosomes in response to a neuromuscular signal and sends it to the brain via retrograde axonal transport. The masseter muscle (MM) and the trigeminal nerve (TGN) are good candidates for this mechanism by virtue of their proximity to the brain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and trigeminal pain: a pre-clinical study.

Oral Dis 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Pharmacology of Pain and Neuromodulation Laboratory: Preclinical Researches, Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Basic Health Sciences (ICBS), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, 90050-170, Brazil.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the tDCS effect on facial allodynia induced by chronic constriction of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-ION) and on the brainstem levels of TNF-α, NGF, IL-10 and, serum LDH in rats.

Methods: Rats were exposed to the CCI-ION model. Facial allodynia was assessed by Von Frey filaments test at baseline, 3, 7, 10 and 14 days post-surgery and24h and 7 days after the bimodal tDCS sessions for 20 min/day/8 days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13038DOI Listing
January 2019

Trigeminal neuropathic pain development and maintenance in rats are suppressed by a positive modulator of α6GABA receptors.

Eur J Pain 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

GABA receptors containing the α6 subunit are located in trigeminal ganglia, and their reduction by small interfering RNA increases inflammatory temporomandibular and myofascial pain in rats. We thus hypothesized that enhancing their activity may help in neuropathic syndromes originating from the trigeminal system. Here, we performed a detailed electrophysiological and pharmacokinetic analysis of two recently developed deuterated structurally similar pyrazoloquinolinone compounds. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1365DOI Listing
January 2019

Cluster-Like Headache Secondary to Sphenoid Sinus Mucocele.

Case Rep Neurol Med 2018 5;2018:5850286. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Neurology Department, Hospital São Sebastião, Entre Douro e Vouga Hospital Centre, Rua Dr. Cândido de Pinho, 4520-211 Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal.

Background: The great majority of cases of cluster headache (CH) are primary, but there are several reported cases of CH secondary to underlying structural lesions. The identification of these lesions is crucial for the achievement of an effective treatment and favorable outcome, although the determination of a cause-effect relationship between the two entities may be challenging.

Case Report: We present the first case of CH secondary to sphenoid sinus mucocele. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5850286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304483PMC
December 2018

Burst or Conventional Peripheral Nerve Field Stimulation for Treatment of Neuropathic Facial Pain.

Neuromodulation 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain (TNP) is a chronic facial pain syndrome caused by a lesion or disease affecting one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve. It may, for example, result from accidental injury to a branch of the trigeminal nerve by trauma or during surgery; it may also be idiopathic. TNP is typically constant, in contrast to most cases of the commoner trigeminal neuralgia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ner.12922
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12922DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Trigeminal nerve and pathologies in magnetic resonance imaging - a pictorial review.

Pol J Radiol 2018 16;83:e289-e296. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Sıhhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

A variety of conditions may affect the trigeminal nerve. Magnetic resonance imaging is the modality of choice when trigeminal nerve pathology is suspected, and this modality plays an essential role in detecting causes. This review illustrates some of the pathological conditions relevant to the trigeminal nerve in magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2018.76921DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323605PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Non-trigeminal nociceptive innervation of the posterior dura: implications to occipital headache.

J Neurosci 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02115.

Current understanding of the origin of occipital headache falls short of distinguishing between cause and effect. Most preclinical studies involving trigeminovascular neurons sample neurons that are responsive to stimulation of dural areas in the anterior 2/3 of the cranium and the periorbital skin. Hypothesizing that occipital headache may involve activation of meningeal nociceptors that innervate the posterior 1/3 of the dura, we sought to map the origin and course of meningeal nociceptors that innervate the posterior dura overlying the cerebellum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.jneurosci.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2153-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2153-18.2018DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Erenumab for episodic migraine prophylaxis.

Expert Rev Neurother 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

a Department of Neurology and Experimental Neurology , Charite - Universitatsmedizin , Berlin , Germany.

Introduction: This paper reviews placebo-controlled randomized double-blind studies with erenumab for the prevention of migraine. Erenumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody (mAb), which specifically blocks the calcitonin gene-related peptide (GGRP) receptor. Areas covered: This manuscript was based on articles written in English located on PubMed found using the following search terms:episodic & chronic migraine, migraine prophylaxis & prevention, CGRP, CGRP receptor, CGRP receptor antagonist, erenumab, treatment failures, trigeminal nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737175.2019.1565996DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of antinociceptive effects of plain lidocaine versus lidocaine complexed with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in animal models of acute and persistent orofacial pain.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Biological Sciences Sector, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Herein, it was investigated whether a complex of lidocaine with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) would present a better antinociceptive profile in vivo when compared with plain lidocaine in models of orofacial pain. Plain lidocaine (LDC) and complexed lidocaine (LDC:HP-β-CD) were initially evaluated in vitro to determine the release rate of the two formulations. Subsequently, the effect of both formulations was evaluated in independent groups of rats submitted to the orofacial formalin test, induction of facial heat hyperalgesia by capsaicin and carrageenan, and induction of facial heat and mechanical hyperalgesia by constriction of the infraorbital nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-018-01609-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Primary meningeal melanocytoma of the cerebellopontine angle associated with ipsilateral nevus of Ota: A case report.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 4;9:245. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Cerebellopontine angle represents a complex anatomical area of the brain. A cerebellopontine angle lesion could be a vestibular schwannoma, meningioma, epidermoid cyst, or less likely, arachnoid cyst, metastasis, lower cranial nerves schwannoma, lipoma, hemangioma, paraganglioma, or vertebra-basilar dolichoectasia. Primary meningeal melanocytoma is a rare neoplasm, especially when it occurs at the cerebellopontine angle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_235_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293867PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A correlative analysis between inflammatory cytokines and trigeminal neuralgia or hemifacial spasm.

Neurol Res 2019 Jan 5:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

a Department of Neurosurgery , XinHua Hospital (The Cranial Nerve Disease Center of Shanghai), Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , China.

Background: It is necessary to understand the mechanism of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) in order to seek for an effective noninvasive remedy. As previous studies implied that inflammatory cytokines induced by demyelination following the nerve injury may be the initiated factor causing neuropathic pain, we attempt to analyze the correlation between cytokines and these hyperactive cranial nerve disorders.

Method: The consecutive patients whose diagnosis were confirmed by microvascular decompression surgery as primary TN or HFS caused by vascular compression and healthy volunteers between March and May 2018 in XinHua Hospital Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine were recruited. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01616412.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01616412.2018.1564188DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Endoscopic Two-port Technique for Infratemporal Fossa Tumors: Using Prelacrimal Medial Maxillectomy and Caldwell-Luc Approach.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Endoscopic endonasal approach to infratemporal fossa (ITF) had gained popularity. However, the inferior turbinate and/or lacrimal duct are often removed when performing endoscopic medial maxillectomy for ITF approach and there were potential risk of empty nose syndrome or epiphora. Although endoscopic prelacrimal recess approach (EPRA) had been introduced to avoid these complications, there were some limitations associated with surgical freedom. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183295
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.134DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The Craniovertebral Junction in Rheumatoid Arthritis: State of the Art.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2019 ;125:79-86

Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Neurosurgical Clinic, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder, characterized by polyarticular inflammation causing progressive joint damage and disability. The mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis involve activation of innate and adaptive immunity, microvascular endothelial cell activation, and inflammatory infiltration of lymphocytes and monocytes into the synovium. Spinal involvement in RA is not typical; when it occurs, the main radiological features are (1) atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS), which is the most typical form of cervical spine involvement; (2) cranial settling-also known as basilar impression, atlantoaxial impaction or superior migration of the odontoid-which is the most severe form of associated spinal instability; and (3) subaxial subluxation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62515-7_12DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The role of soft tissue mobilization in reducing orofacial and general complaints in a patient with Kimmerle anomaly and temporomandibular joint disorder: A case report.

Cranio 2019 Jan 4:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

a Department of Prosthodontics , Medical University of Bialystok , Bialystok , Poland.

Background: Kimmerle anomaly belongs to the anatomic varieties of the first cervical vertebra. The clinical pattern is dominated by vascular- and neurogenic-type headaches, dizziness, decreased postural muscle tension, and vegetative symptoms.

Clinical Presentation: A 37-year-old woman who suffered from headache and pain in the left temporomandibular joint underwent clinical examination, electromyography of masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint vibration analysis, cone beam computed tomography, and soft tissue mobilization. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08869634.2018.1560616DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

MiR-34c Participates in Diabetic Corneal Neuropathy Via Regulation of Autophagy.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Jan;60(1):16-25

Department of Ophthalmology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fu Zhou, China.

Purpose: To investigate the contribution and mechanism of miRNAs and autophagy in diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Methods: In this study, we used streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type I diabetes C57 mice as animal models, and we detected the expression of miR-34c and autophagic intensity in trigeminal ganglion (TG) tissue. The bioinformatics software was used to predict and analyze the potential targets of miR-34c. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-24968DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The marginal mandibular nerve of the face, vascular and nerve relations: anatomy and clinical relevance.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Background: The marginal mandibular nerve (MMN) is the branch of the facial nerve that is injured most frequently during corrective and cosmetic surgery. Recent or emerging techniques such as the injection of filler materials, botulinum toxin, allotransplantation of composite tissues of the face, placement of chin implants, and submental cryolipolysis require in-depth knowledge of the anatomy of the MMN. The studies to date are not in agreement regarding the number of branches of the MMN and its relationship with the vasculature and other nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005360DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Cranial nerve injuries in Le Fort I osteotomy: a systematic review.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Morphology, Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; Department of Clinical Dentistry, Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address:

The aim of this systematic review was to describe the anatomical and surgical factors related to cranial nerve injuries in Le Fort I osteotomy. The protocol of this systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). Two independent reviewers performed an unrestricted electronic database search in the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases up to and including August 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2018.11.012DOI Listing
December 2018

On the Surgical Implications of Peritrigeminal Perforating Vessels in Microvascular Decompression.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.

Background: Perforating branches arising from the superior cerebellar artery (SCA) or anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) that pierces the brainstem within 5 mm of the trigeminal root may limit offending vessel transposition during microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia.

Objective: To investigate the microsurgical anatomy of peritrigeminal perforators and evaluate their effect on the mobility of the SCA and AICA. Additionally, we propose strategies for mitigating the potential complications caused by the presence of short peritrigeminal perforators. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy325DOI Listing
December 2018

Medullary neural circuit regeneration after trigeminal nerve transection.

J Oral Sci 2018 ;60(4):500-506

Department of Physiology, Nihon University School of Dentistry.

The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) comprises several types of sensory fibers. To clarify whether each type of primary afferent is regenerated comparably after injury, we developed a model of complete IAN transection (IANX) in mice. A retrograde tracer, fluoro-gold, injected into the mental skin was transferred to the cell bodies of a subset of isolectin B4 (IB4)-binding (non-peptidergic C) or CGRP-positive (peptidergic C) neurons at 2 weeks post-axotomy, indicating that the injured C afferents had regenerated anatomically. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.17-0457DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Genetic analysis of the organization, development and plasticity of corneal innervation in mice.

J Neurosci 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Institut de la Vision, Sorbonne Université, INSERM, CNRS, 17 Rue Moreau, F-75012 Paris, France.

The cornea has the densest sensory innervation of the body, originating primarily from neurons in the trigeminal ganglion. The basic principles of cornea nerve patterning have been established many years ago using classic neuroanatomical methods such as immunocytochemistry and electrophysiology. Our understanding of the morphology and distribution of the sensory nerves in the skin has considerably progressed over the past few years through the generation and analysis of a variety of genetically modified mouse lines. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1401-18.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

The IASP classification of chronic pain for ICD-11: chronic neuropathic pain.

Pain 2019 Jan;160(1):53-59

Department of Neurophysiology, CBTM, Medical Faculty Mannheim of Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

The upcoming 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) of the World Health Organization (WHO) offers a unique opportunity to improve the representation of painful disorders. For this purpose, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has convened an interdisciplinary task force of pain specialists. Here, we present the case for a reclassification of nervous system lesions or diseases associated with persistent or recurrent pain for ≥3 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006396-201901000-0000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310153PMC
January 2019
7 Reads
5.213 Impact Factor

Anatomical assessment of the endoscopic endonasal approach for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms.

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

OBJECTIVEEndoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) are increasingly being incorporated into the neurosurgeon's armamentarium for treatment of various pathologies, including paraclinoid aneurysms. However, few anatomical assessments have been performed on the use of EEA for this purpose. The aim of the present study was to provide a comprehensive anatomical assessment of the EEA for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.6.JNS18800DOI Listing
December 2018

Marcus Gunn (jaw-winking) phenomenon in pediatric otorhinolaryngology practice.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 30;117:153-156. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Otolaryngology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 8 Kondratowicza St., 03-242, Warsaw, Poland.

Marcus Gunn phenomenon (MGP) is a rare form of congenital facial synkinesis known as jaw-winking or pterygoid-levator synkinesis. The MGP is the raising of the affected eyelid is synchronous and proportionate to the opening of the mouth. The etiology is unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.11.035DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Sensory function in cluster headache: an observational study comparing the symptomatic and asymptomatic sides.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 10;14:3363-3371. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Cognitive Motor Neuroscience Group, Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, University College London Queen Square Institute of Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.

Background: Based on inconsistent sensory alterations demonstrated in cluster headache (CH), the aim of this study was to determine whether patients with CH develop sensory changes in the symptomatic side compared to the asymptomatic side.

Methods: Quantitative sensory testing (QST), including pressure pain threshold (PPT), tactile detection threshold (TDT), prick detection threshold (PDT), and two-point detection threshold (2PDT), was evaluated in 16 patients (seven women; age 41.9±6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S186051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292232PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Lipomatosis of the parotid salivary gland: 2 case reports and review of the literature on fat-containing salivary gland lesions.

Int J Vet Sci Med 2018 Dec 19;6(2):253-257. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Animal Health Trust, Center Small Animal Studies, Newmarket, United Kingdom.

Two cases of lipomatosis of the parotid salivary gland in two dogs are reported. Both dogs were presented with a slow growing unilateral non-painful mass in the parotid region. The mass measured 12 and 15 cm on the longest axis for case 1 and 2 respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijvsm.2018.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286395PMC
December 2018

Mouse strains and sexual divergence in corneal innervation and nerve regeneration.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 18:fj201801957R. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Neuroscience Center of Excellence, School of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; and.

A variety of mouse strains and sexes are used in studies of corneal wound healing and nerve regeneration. However, there is a gap of knowledge about corneal nerve density and its function in different mouse strains and sexes. In this study, we report a strain divergence of total and substance P (SP) sensory corneal nerves in uninjured mice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.fasebj.org/doi/10.1096/fj.201801957R
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.201801957RDOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads
5.043 Impact Factor

Sensory Restoration of the Facial Region.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN.

Normal sensitivity of the face is very important for preserving its integrity and function as an efferent source of information for the brain. The trigeminal nerve, which is the largest cranial nerve, conducts most of facial sensory function through its 3 branches: the ophthalmic nerve (V1), the maxillary nerve (V2), and the mandibular nerve (V3). The trigeminal nerve may be damaged by a variety of etiologies including inflammatory disorders, brain tumor resection, trauma, iatrogenic injury, or congenital anomalies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001635DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Clinical findings and outcome of dogs with unilateral masticatory muscle atrophy.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hatfield, England, United Kingdom.

Background: Little is known about the spectrum of underlying disorders in dogs with unilateral masticatory muscle (MM) atrophy.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and outcome of dogs with unilateral MM atrophy.

Animals: Sixty-three client-owned dogs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvim.15373
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15373DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Menthol-induced facilitation of cerebrocortical excitatory propagation induced by air puff stimulation of the nasal cavity in the rat: An optical imaging study.

Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 13;696:87-92. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pharmacology, Nihon University School of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan; Division of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial Research, Dental Research Center, Nihon University School of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan; Molecular Dynamics Imaging Unit, RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, 6-7-3 Minatojima-minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan.

Temperature plays a critical role in the sensation of airflow in the nasal mucosa. Neural activities of the ethmoidal nerve, a trigeminal afferent, responding to airflow are suppressed by warm airflow, whereas cold airflow enhances the ethmoidal nerve activities, which is mimicked by application of menthol, a cold-sensitive TRPM8 receptor agonist. However, it has been an open issue how menthol modulates the spatiotemporal profiles of neural activities of somatosensory cortical neurons. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2018.12.018DOI Listing
December 2018

Inhibition of Nerve Growth Factor Signaling Alleviates Repeated Dural Stimulation-induced Hyperalgesia in Rats.

Neuroscience 2019 Feb 14;398:252-262. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratory Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Our previous study showed that acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) is involved in the pathogenesis of recurrent migraine. ASIC3 is regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF), which induces hyperalgesia in various pain disorders. Neutralization of NGF is considered an effective treatment method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064522183081
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

[An endoscopic-assisted technique for the enlarged middle cranial fossa approach to the petroclival region: an anatomic study].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1882-1885

Zhuhai Campus of Zunyi Medical University, Zhuhai, 519041, China.

Through the observation and measurement of the adjacent anatomical structures exposed by the pure microscope and endoscopic-assisted technique for the enlarged middle cranial fossa approach to the petroclival region, quantitative compare the advantages of endoscopic-assisted technique and the pure microscope exposure. The enlarged middle cranial fossa approach was performed on 10 cases (20 sides) fresh adult cadaveric head specimens in which the vessels were injected with colored silicone. At the end of every enlarged middle cranial fossa approachs, endoscope assisted technique was applied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.24.008DOI Listing
December 2018

Radiosurgery for multiple sclerosis-related trigeminal neuralgia: retrospective review of long-term outcomes.

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEThe objective of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of facial pain and numbness after radiosurgery for multiple sclerosis (MS)-related trigeminal neuralgia (MS-TN).METHODSThe authors conducted a retrospective review of their Gamma Knife radiosurgeries (GKRSs) to identify all patients treated for MS-TN (1998-2014) with at least 3 years of follow-up. Treatment and clinical data were obtained via chart review and mailed or telephone surveys. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.5.JNS173194DOI Listing
November 2018

Endoscopic versus open microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia: a systematic review and comparative meta-analysis.

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

1Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery; and.

OBJECTIVEMicrovascular decompression (MVD) is commonly used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) with positive clinical outcomes. Fully endoscopic MVD (E-MVD) has been proposed as an effective minimally invasive alternative, but a comparative review of the two approaches has not been conducted. The authors performed a meta-analysis of studies, comparing patient outcome rates and complications for the open versus the endoscopic technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.6.JNS172690DOI Listing
December 2018

Ultrasound-Guided Pulsed Radiofrequency of C2 Dorsal Root Ganglion as Adjuvant Treatment for Chronic Headache Disorders: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Cluster headaches are characterized by unilateral sudden onset of intense, brief, sharp pain along the side of the face around the eye. Patients often can have symptoms that are resistant to medications, nerve blocks, and surgical treatments. There is increasing evidence of anatomical and functional connections between the trigeminal and occipital nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000942DOI Listing
December 2018

The role of the otolaryngologist in the evaluation and management of headaches.

Am J Otolaryngol 2019 Jan - Feb;40(1):115-120. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States.

Background: Headaches are commonly evaluated in otolaryngology and often represent a diagnostic dilemma. This review addresses rhinogenic headache as well as trigeminal neuralgia and migraine, both of which can masquerade as sinus headache and whose management increasingly involves otolaryngology intervention. Discussion considers diagnostic criteria and novel therapies and derives an algorithm for clinical decision-making. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.07.002DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

The Impact of Photorefractive Keratectomy and Mitomycin C on Corneal Nerves and Their Regeneration.

J Refract Surg 2018 12;34(12):790-798

Purpose: To determine how photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and mitomycin C (MMC) affect corneal nerves and their regeneration over time after surgery.

Methods: Twenty-eight New Zealand rabbits had corneal epithelial scraping with (n = 3) and without (n = 3) MMC 0.02% or -9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181112-01DOI Listing
December 2018

Ca -dependent and Ca -independent somatic release from trigeminal neurons.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Biotechnology, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Besides the nerve endings, the soma of trigeminal neurons also respond to membrane depolarizations with the release of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the extracellular space within the ganglion, a process potentially important for the cross-communication between neighboring sensory neurons. In this study, we addressed the dependence of somatic release on Ca influx in trigeminal neurons and the involvement of the different types of voltage-gated Ca (Cav) channels in the process. Similar to the closely related dorsal root ganglion neurons, we found two kinetically distinct components of somatic release, a faster component stimulated by voltage but independent of the Ca influx, and a slower component triggered by Ca influx. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcp.27901
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27901DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Unconventional Facial Entry Points Confirmed Using a 3D CT Reconstruction-Guided Stereotactic Approach to Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation for the Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Series of Case Reports.

Pain Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurosurgery.

Objectives: Patients with trigeminal neuralgia who are refractory to medical therapy may choose to undergo Gasserian ganglion percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation. However, in cases where the foramen ovale is difficult to access due to various anatomical anomalies, the typical estimation of the facial entry point is suboptimal.

Methods: Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction imaging performed before surgery revealed anatomical variations in each of the four adult patient cases that made it more difficult to successfully access the foramen ovale (FO) for percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny262DOI Listing
December 2018