24,493 results match your criteria Trigeminal Nerve


An updated review on pathophysiology and management of burning mouth syndrome with endocrinological, psychological and neuropathic perspectives.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Section for Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Arhus University.

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic orofacial pain disorder of unknown cause. It is more common in peri- and postmenopausal women, and sex hormone dysregulation is believed to be an important causative factor. Psychosocial events often trigger or exacerbate symptoms, and persons with BMS appear to be predisposed toward anxiety and depression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12795DOI Listing

A Case of Ophthalmic Branch Trigeminal Neuralgia in the Emergency Department.

Cureus 2019 Jan 6;11(1):e3831. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, CAN.

This case report describes a middle-aged patient with a past history of migraine headaches, who presented to the emergency department with a new onset of headaches around his left eye that were different from the pattern and character of his usual migraine headaches. The pain was severe, brief, and stabbing in nature, lasting only seconds, and occurring over intervals of a few minutes. His vital signs, including glucose, were normal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3831DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407718PMC
January 2019

An Unusual Cause of Epistaxis: Paranasal Sinus Myeloid Sarcoma.

Case Rep Hematol 2019 12;2019:1312630. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, USA.

We report a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with right-sided headaches, blurring of vision in the right eye, cold-induced epistaxis, and facial numbness in the trigeminal nerve distribution. Laboratory studies revealed a significant number of myeloblasts on peripheral smear with granulated cytoplasm, irregular nuclei, and prominent vacuoles. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain demonstrated a T1-enhancing 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1312630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390259PMC
February 2019

The expression of voltage-gated sodium channels in trigeminal nerve following chronic constriction injury in rats.

Int J Neurosci 2019 Mar 19:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Department of Neurosurgery , XinHua Hospital (the Cranial Nerve Disease Center of Shanghai), Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine , Shanghai 200092 , China.

Despite the etiology of trigeminal neuralgia has been verified by microvascular decompression as vascular compression of the trigeminal root, very few researches concerning its underlying pathogenesis has been reported in the literature. The present study focused on those voltage-gated sodium channels, which are the structural basis for generation of ectopic action potentials. The trigeminal neuralgia modeling was obtained with infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (ION-CCI) in rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207454.2019.1595616DOI Listing

Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation: A Novel Method of Resuscitation for Hemorrhagic Shock.

Crit Care Med 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, NY.

Objectives: To determine if trigeminal nerve stimulation can ameliorate the consequences of acute blood loss and improve survival after severe hemorrhagic shock.

Design: Animal study.

Setting: University research laboratory. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003735DOI Listing

Hedgehog Signaling Regulates Taste Organs and Oral Sensation: Distinctive Roles in the Epithelium, Stroma, and Innervation.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Mar 16;20(6). Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway has regulatory roles in maintaining and restoring lingual taste organs, the papillae and taste buds, and taste sensation. Taste buds and taste nerve responses are eliminated if Hh signaling is genetically suppressed or pharmacologically inhibited, but regeneration can occur if signaling is reactivated within the lingual epithelium. Whereas Hh pathway disruption alters taste sensation, tactile and cold responses remain intact, indicating that Hh signaling is modality-specific in regulation of tongue sensation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061341DOI Listing

Anatomy and ontogeny of the mandibular symphysis in Alligator mississippiensis.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Program in Integrative Anatomy, Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Missouri Medical School, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Crocodylians evolved some of the most characteristic skulls of the animal kingdom with specializations for semi-aquatic and ambush lifestyles, resulting in a feeding apparatus capable of tolerating high biomechanical loads and bite forces and a head with a derived sense of trigeminal-nerve-mediated touch. The mandibular symphysis accommodates these specializations being both at the end of a biomechanical lever and an antenna for sensation. Little is known about the anatomy of the crocodylian mandibular symphysis, hampering our understanding of form, function, and evolution of the joint in extant and extinct lineages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24116DOI Listing

Persistent Idiopathic Facial Pain Associated with Somatoform Disorder in an 11-Year-Old Boy.

Case Rep Psychiatry 2019 7;2019:4627850. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Matsubara Tokushukai Hospital, 7-13-26 Amami-higashi, Matsubara, Osaka 580-0032, Japan.

Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is a poorly understood chronic disorder that rarely occurs in children. An 11-year-old boy initially presented with right cheek pain and a streptococcal infection 6 weeks previously. Facial cellulitis was suspected, which was resolved by antibiotic treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4627850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383399PMC
February 2019

Time course of pain response and toxicity after whole-nerve-encompassing LINAC-based stereotactic radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia-a prospective observational study.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Universitaetsstraße 27, 91054, Erlangen, Germany.

Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the time course of pain response and toxicity after linear accelerator-based whole-nerve-encompassing radiosurgery (LINAC-SRS) using a uniform treatment schedule for dosing and target volume definition in patients with refractory trigeminal neuralgia.

Methods: From December 2012 to December 2016, 21 patients were treated using a standardized protocol. Patients received LINAC-SRS with 70 Gy to the cisternal portion while aiming for the 90% isodose to fully envelope the nerve in one cross-sectional plane. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-019-01450-9DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Anterior Transpetrosal Approach for Trigeminal Schwannoma with Persistent Primitive Trigeminal Artery: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

The surgical management of trigeminal schwannomas often requires complicated skull base approaches based on detailed anatomical understanding because of the involvement of multiple compartments of the trigeminal nerve from its root to the peripheral branches. When there is vital anatomical anomaly around the tumor, this can make the surgical management and anatomical understanding more difficult.1,2 This video demonstrates the microsurgical removal of a dumbbell-shaped trigeminal schwannoma via the anterior transpetrosal transtentorial approach in a patient with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery, the most common persistent embryonic carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz020DOI Listing

Depiction of Oral Tumor-Induced Trigeminal Afferent Responses Using Single-Fiber Electrophysiology.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 14;9(1):4574. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Considerable gap in knowledge exists about the mechanisms by which oral tumors regulate peripheral sensory fibers to produce pain and altered sensations. To address this gap, we used a murine model of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of the tongue to investigate changes in response properties of trigeminal afferent neurons. Using this model, we developed an ex vivo method for single neuron recordings of the lingual nerve from isolated tongue tissue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39824-9DOI Listing

Evaluation of the cutaneous sensation of the face in patients with different clinical forms of leprosy.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(3):e0213842. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Postgraduate Program on Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Background: Leprosy can be considered to be the most common peripheral neuropathy of infectious etiology and constitutes a public health problem. The standard routine examination for assessing sensory impairment in leprosy neuropathy basically evaluates hands, feet and eyes. However, evaluation of facial cutaneous sensation is not routinely performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213842PLOS
March 2019
1 Read

Trigeminal Amyloidoma: Case Report and Review of Literature.

Cureus 2018 Dec 28;10(12):e3795. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Internal Medicine, Saint Francis Hospital and Medical Center, Grand Island, USA.

Amyloid is an abnormal insoluble protein that can deposit in extracellular space. It can involve nearly any organ system and may manifest as a systemic process or focal lesion (amyloidoma). We present a rare case of localized amyloidosis with trigeminal nerve being the only site of involvement and no evidence of systemic disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402733PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment of Port-Wine Stains in Infancy Without the Need for General Anesthesia.

JAMA Dermatol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Laser & Skin Surgery Center of New York, New York.

Importance: Recent concerns regarding repetitive use of general anesthesia in children younger than 3 years have placed greater importance on the controversy surrounding the timing of the initiation of port-wine stain (PWS) laser treatment.

Objective: To evaluate the use of PWS treatments at the age of 1 year or younger in the office setting without general anesthesia.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Retrospective cohort study based on medical record reviews at a single, high-volume laser center for children who started pulsed dye laser treatment at the age of 1 year or younger for their PWS between 2000 and 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.5249DOI Listing

The unique role of the trigeminal autonomic reflex and its modulation in primary headache disorders.

Curr Opin Neurol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: The trigeminal autonomic reflex is a physiological reflex with an important protective function which also plays a role in pathophysiological conditions, such as primary headache. It is not understood whether the autonomic symptoms in trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias and migraine are the consequence of severe trigeminal discharge or indeed directly driven by central generators as part of the pathophysiology, underlying these syndromes.

Recent Findings: Modulating this reflex, and particularly the parasympathetic reflex arc, has been shown to be effective in treating headache. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0000000000000691DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Semaphorin 3A Inhibits Nerve Regeneration During Early Stage after Inferior Alveolar Nerve Transection.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 12;9(1):4245. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Division of Dental Anesthesiology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Neuroma formation at sites of injury can impair peripheral nerve regeneration. Although the involvement of semaphorin 3A has been suggested in neuroma formation, this detailed process after injury is not fully understood. This study was therefore undertaken to examine the effects of semaphorin 3A on peripheral nerve regeneration during the early stage after injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37819-6DOI Listing

Nerve Compression Syndromes in the Posterior Cranial Fossa.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2019 Jan;116(4):54-60

Department of Neurosurgery, University Medicine Greifswald.

Background: Nerve compression syndromes in the posterior cranial fossa can severely impair patients' quality of life. There is often uncertainty about the best treatment. In this article, we provide an overview of these conditions and the corresponding treatment strategies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2019.0054DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Intraoperative Management of an Enlarged Suprameatal Tubercle During Microvascular Decompression of the Trigeminal Nerve, Surgical and Anatomical Description: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

The suprameatal tubercle is a variable prominence of the posterior aspect of the petrous part of the temporal bone located above the internal acoustic meatus. An enlarged suprameatal tubercle (EST) may present an obstacle during posterior fossa operations, including microvascular decompression (MVD).  In this video we present the case of a 55-yr-old woman with 2 yr of medically refractory left V2-3 typical trigeminal neuralgia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz027DOI Listing

Multidisciplinary Approach to Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the Trigeminal Nerve: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) of the trigeminal nerve are uncommon lesions that pose a surgical challenge to neurosurgeons. The case described in this video involved a 67-yr-old man who presented with a 2-yr history of left-sided facial numbness spreading from his chin along the left mandible to the preauricular area. He also reported left-sided tongue numbness and decreased taste on the left side of the tongue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/ons/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ons
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz014DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Retrosigmoid approach for glycerin rhizotomy in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia without overt arterial compression: updated case series.

J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; and.

OBJECTIVETrigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a neuropathic pain disorder characterized by severe, lancinating facial pain that is commonly treated with neuropathic medication, percutaneous rhizotomy, and/or microvascular decompression (MVD). Patients who are not found to have distinct arterial compression during MVD present a management challenge. In 2013, the authors reported on a small case series of such patients in whom glycerin was injected intraoperatively into the cisternal segment of the trigeminal nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.12.JNS182572DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Headache - an Update 2018].

Laryngorhinootologie 2019 Mar 7;98(3):192-217. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Epidemiological studies have shown a clear correlation between migraine and vascular disease in more and more patients. Pathophysiological studies show the relevance of the hypothalamus in the generation of migraine attacks. Glutamate seems to play an important role here. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0823-4814
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0823-4814DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Renal Cell Carcinoma with Primary Presentation via Metastasis to the Trigeminal Ganglion.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Departments of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN; Departments of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN. Electronic address:

Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for approximately 8% of all brain metastatic disease; however, spread to the cranial nerves and their ganglia is uncommon. We report the first case of RCC metastatic to Meckel's cave, which was diagnosed secondary to new trigeminal sensory loss.

Methods: Case report RESULTS: A 45-year-old man presented with acute-onset right V3 numbness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.118DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The Trigeminal Pathway Dominates the Nose-to-Brain Transportation of Intact Polymeric Nanoparticles: Evidence from Aggregation-Caused Quenching Probes.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2019 Apr;15(4):686-702

Nasal drug delivery is a fascinating approach to bypass the blood-brain barrier, which instead directly transports drug molecules to the brain from the nasal cavity along the olfactory and trigeminal nerves. However, the feasibility of nose-to-brain transportation of intact nanoparticles and the possible corresponding pathways remain poorly understood. The purpose of the present study is to explore the intranasal fate of curcumin (Cur)-loaded polycaprolactone nanoparticles (PCL NPs) via fluorescent bioimaging strategies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2019.2724DOI Listing

Protective Effects of Fucoxanthin on Ultraviolet B-Induced Corneal Denervation and Inflammatory Pain in a Rat Model.

Mar Drugs 2019 Mar 5;17(3). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei 25245, Taiwan.

Fucoxanthin is a carotenoid with many pharmaceutical properties that is found in brown seaweed. However, the effects of fucoxanthin on corneal innervation and intense eye pain have not been extensively examined. To clarify the protective roles and underlying mechanisms of fucoxanthin on ocular lesions, we investigated the beneficial effects and mechanisms by which fucoxanthin ameliorates ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced corneal denervation and trigeminal pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md17030152DOI Listing

The efficacy and safety of nerve combing for trigeminal neuralgia without neurovascular compression.

Acta Neurol Belg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, 215021, China.

Objective: The purpose of our study was to review and evaluate the efficacy and safety of nerve combing without neurovascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia.

Methods: A retrospective review of 298 patients with trigeminal neuralgia between August 2007 and August 2016 was conducted. The patients were divided into two groups: the A group was treated by nerve combing (34 patients) and the B group received microvascular decompression (264 patients). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13760-019-01099-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-019-01099-2DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Long-term Follow-up of Patients Treated with Percutaneous Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation via the Foramen Rotundum for Isolated Maxillary Nerve Idiopathic Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Pain Med 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Pain Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) via the foramen rotundum (FR) for the treatment of isolated maxillary (V2) idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN) and assess the appropriate puncture angle through the anterior coronoid process to reach the FR.

Methods: Between January 2011 and October 2016, 87 patients with V2 ITN refractory to conservative treatment were treated by computed tomography (CT)-guided PRT via the FR at our institution. The outcome of pain relief was assessed by the visual analog scale (VAS) and Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) pain grade and grouped as complete pain relief (BNI grades I-III) or unsuccessful pain relief (BNI grades IV-V). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Psychological Interventions for Persistent Orofacial Pain.

Prim Dent J 2019 Feb;7(4):30-35

Persistent pain has been defined as pain lasting beyond the normal time of healing (up to six months), often in the absence of observable tissue pathology. it includes a range of conditions which are likely to present in the dental setting including temporomandibular disorders, burning mouth syndrome, persistent dentoalveolar pain, trigeminal nerve injury, trigeminal neuralgia and atypical facial pain.
This article reviews psychological interventions for pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Introduction to Pain.

Authors:
Tara Renton

Prim Dent J 2019 Feb;7(4):17-21

This edition of is intended to provide a wide overview on orofacial pain for dental and medical teams. Both acute and chronic orofacial conditions relevant to dentistry and medicine will be covered, and emphasising a holistic and pragmatic approach. Orofacial pain is the most common presenting symptom for patients presenting to their dentist and increasingly commonly presenting to doctors in general practice and A&E departments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
2 Reads

The neurosurgical treatment of craniofacial pain syndromes: current surgical indications and techniques.

Neurol Sci 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta, Milan, Italy.

Craniofacial pain syndromes are comprised of multiple pathological entities resulting in pain referred to the scalp, face, or deeper cranial structures. In a small subset of patients affected by those syndromes, pharmacological and physical therapies fail in alleviating pain. In some of those refractory patients surgical procedures aimed at relieving pain are indicated and have been adopted with variable results and safety profiles. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-03789-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.495 Impact Factor

Favourable prognosis of trigeminal neuralgia when enrolled in a multidisciplinary management program - a two-year prospective real-life study.

J Headache Pain 2019 Mar 4;20(1):23. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Danish Headache Center, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Valdemar Hansens Vej 5, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup, DK-2600, Glostrup, Denmark.

Background: Prognosis of medically treated trigeminal neuralgia patients is assumed to be poor, but the evidence is lacking. Thus, prospective real-life studies of medical management of trigeminal neuralgia are warranted.

Methods: This was an observational study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-019-0973-4DOI Listing

Trigeminal neuralgia due to petrosal bone deformity: a case report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Saitama Medical University Hospital, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Here, we report a rare case of trigeminal neuralgia caused by petrous bone deformity.

Case Description: A-43-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to facial pain in the left maxillary and mandibular divisions of the trigeminal nerve. Computed tomography revealed bone hyperplasia protruding into the left cerebellopontine cistern, compressing the left trigeminal nerve. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.114DOI Listing

Skull Base Manifestations of Erdheim-Chester Disease: A Case Series and Systematic Review.

Neurosurgery 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Up to 50% of patients develop central nervous system involvement, and a subset of these patients can present with isolated tumor-like masses.

Objective: To describe the skull base manifestations of ECD with an emphasis on aspects most pertinent to surgeons who may be referred such patients for primary evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz027DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Non-invasive neuromodulation for migraine and cluster headache: a systematic review of clinical trials.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Headache and Craniofacial Pain Unit, Neurology Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Non-invasive neuromodulation therapies for migraine and cluster headache are a practical and safe alternative to pharmacologics. Comparisons of these therapies are difficult because of the heterogeneity in study designs. In this systematic review of clinical trials, the scientific rigour and clinical relevance of the available data were assessed to inform clinical decisions about non-invasive neuromodulation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-320113DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The influence of rapid eye movement sleep deprivation on nociceptive transmission and the duration of facial allodynia in rats: a behavioral and Fos immunohistochemical study.

J Headache Pain 2019 Mar 1;20(1):21. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Neurology, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Uijeongbu St Mary's Hospital, 65-1 Geumo-dong, Uijeongbu, Gyeonggi Do, South Korea.

Background: Disrupted sleep is associated with a reciprocal influence on headaches and is one of the contributing factors in the process of chronicity. The goal of the present study was to investigate the influence of sleep on headaches using animal rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation and supradural capsaicin infusion models.

Method: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent REM sleep deprivation (REMSD) for 96 h. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-019-0977-0DOI Listing

Trigeminal Trophic Syndrome Simulating Pityriasis Amiantacea.

Int J Trichology 2019 Jan-Feb;11(1):31-33

Department of Dermatology, Hospital of the State Public Servant of São Paulo, Brazil.

We report a case of trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) on the scalp of a 69-year-old woman. Initially, the diagnosis of pityriasis amiantacea was considered. The review of pathological antecedents and knowledge of TTS were fundamental for the diagnosis of this illness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijt.ijt_16_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385512PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Experimental Methods to Inform Diagnostic Approaches for Painful TMJ Osteoarthritis.

J Dent Res 2019 Apr 28;98(4):388-397. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

3 Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of the joint that can produce persistent orofacial pain as well as functional and structural changes to its bone, cartilage, and ligaments. Despite advances in the clinical utility and reliability of the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, clinical tools inadequately predict which patients will develop chronic TMJ pain and degeneration, limiting clinical management. The challenges of managing and treating TMJ OA are due, in part, to a limited understanding of the mechanisms contributing to the development and maintenance of TMJ pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034519828731DOI Listing

Association between Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness and Eye Fatigue.

Biomed Res Int 2019 23;2019:3014567. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Japan.

Eye fatigue is a common health problem across all age groups. Herein, we explored the correlation between eye fatigue and thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (NFL). Included in the NFL are intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), which are associated with trigeminal pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3014567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364103PMC
January 2019

Clinical Applications for Diffusion MRI and Tractography of Cranial Nerves Within the Posterior Fossa: A Systematic Review.

Front Neurosci 2019 7;13:23. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

This paper presents a systematic review of diffusion MRI (dMRI) and tractography of cranial nerves within the posterior fossa. We assess the effectiveness of the diffusion imaging methods used and examine their clinical applications. The Pubmed, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were searched from January 1st 1997 to December 11th 2017 to identify relevant publications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380197PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

The influence of respiration on brainstem and cardiovagal response to auricular vagus nerve stimulation: A multimodal ultrahigh-field (7T) fMRI study.

Brain Stimul 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA; Department of Radiology, Logan University, Chesterfield, MO, USA.

Background: Brainstem-focused mechanisms supporting transcutaneous auricular VNS (taVNS) effects are not well understood, particularly in humans. We employed ultrahigh field (7T) fMRI and evaluated the influence of respiratory phase for optimal targeting, applying our respiratory-gated auricular vagal afferent nerve stimulation (RAVANS) technique.

Hypothesis: We proposed that targeting of nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and cardiovagal modulation in response to taVNS stimuli would be enhanced when stimulation is delivered during a more receptive state, i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Communication between the transverse cervical nerve (C2,3) and marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve: a cadaveric and clinical study.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Anatomy, King's College London, Hodgkin Building, London SE1 1UL, UK.

Several branches of the facial nerve are known to anastomose with branches of the cervical plexus, other cranial nerves, and the trigeminal nerve. Communication between the sensory transverse cervical nerve (C2, 3) and marginal mandibular nerve is, however, less well known, and in a previous study of 86 neck dissections we reported a 2.3% incidence of anastomoses between them. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.10.289DOI Listing
February 2019

Cranial nerve involvement in patients with MOG antibody-associated disease.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2019 Mar 1;6(2):e543. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Service de neurologie (A.C.-C., S.V., R.M.), sclérose en plaques, pathologies de la myéline et neuroinflammation and Centre de référence pour les maladies inflammatoires rares du cerveau et de la moelle (MIRCEM)- Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer Hospices Civils de Lyon, France; Lyon Neuroscience Research Center (A.C.-C., R.M.), U1028 INSERM, UMR5292 CNRS, FLUID Team, Lyon, France; Service de sclérose en plaques (X.A., P.L.), Hôpital Universitaire de Montpellier, France; Service de Neurologie (P.K.), Centre hospitalier de Luxembourg; Inserm (P.H.), U 1184, Center for Immunology of Viral Infections and Autoimmune Diseases, Université Paris-Sud 11, CEA, DSV/iMETI, Division of Immuno-Virology, IDMIT, Faculté de médecine, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Cedex, France; Service de Radiologie (F.C.), Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite, France; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (F.C., S.V., R.M.), F-69100 Villeurbanne, France; Lyon's Neuroscience Research Center (S.V.), Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaques, INSERM 1028 et CNRS UMR5292, Lyon, France; Service de neurologie pédiatrique (K.D.), Centre de référence pour les maladies inflammatoires rares du cerveau et de la moelle, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; and INSERM US27 MIRCen (C.S.), CEA, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.

Objective: To describe clinical and radiologic features of cranial nerve (CN) involvement in patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG) and to assess the potential underlying mechanism of CN involvement using a nonhuman primate (NHP) model.

Methods: Epidemiologic, clinical, and radiologic features from a national cohort of 273 MOG-IgG-positive patients were retrospectively reviewed for CN involvement between January 2014 and January 2018. MOG-IgG binding was evaluated in CNS, CN, and peripheral nerve tissues from NHP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/NXI.0000000000000543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6384017PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Distribution of insulin in trigeminal nerve and brain after intranasal administration.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 22;9(1):2621. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, 85724-5050, USA.

In the brain, insulin acts as a growth factor, regulates energy homeostasis, and is involved in learning and memory acquisition. Many central nervous system (CNS) diseases are characterized by deficits in insulin signaling. Pre-clinical studies have shown that intranasal insulin is neuroprotective in models of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and traumatic brain injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39191-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385374PMC
February 2019

Neuromodulation for the treatment of primary headache syndromes.

Expert Rev Neurother 2019 Mar 8;19(3):261-268. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Systems Neuroscience , University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf , Hamburg , Germany.

Introduction: Neuromodulation techniques play an increasing role in the treatment of primary headaches. While initially reserved for refractory cases they are now increasingly taken into consideration in earlier treatment phases and in non-refractory situations. One of the main reasons for this paradigm shift is that most neuromodulation techniques are better tolerated as compared to the majority of pharmacological approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737175.2019.1585243DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Case of Trigeminal Schwannoma Presenting as a Parasellar Mass.

Saudi J Med Med Sci 2018 Sep-Dec;6(3):169-171. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Neurosurgery and Department of Pathology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Schwannoma's of considerable size arising from the trigeminal nerve are very rare. Here, a case of a large right-sided parasellar mass diagnosed as a trigeminal schwannoma is reported. Complete resection of the tumor was successfully achieved. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_120_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196694PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Association between intravenous acetaminophen and reduction in intraoperative opioid consumption during transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary tumors.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Oct-Dec;34(4):465-471

Anesthesiology and Surgical Oncology Research Group, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background And Aims: Pain during and after transsphenoidal surgeries originates from stimulation of branches of the trigeminal cranial nerve that supply the inner aspect of the nose cavity and dura mater. Thereby, patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery may require moderate-to-large amounts of analgesics including opioids. Intravenous acetaminophen provides analgesia and reduces opioid consumption for a wide variety of surgeries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/joacp.JOACP_276_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360881PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Vagus nerve stimulation for primary headache disorders: An anatomical review to explain a clinical phenomenon.

Cephalalgia 2019 Feb 20:333102419833076. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

4 Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: Non-invasive stimulation of the vagus nerve has been proposed as a new neuromodulation therapy to treat primary headache disorders, as the vagus nerve is hypothesized to modulate the headache pain pathways in the brain. Vagus nerve stimulation can be performed by placing an electrode on the ear to stimulate the tragus nerve, which contains about 1% of the vagus fibers. Non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) conventionally refers to stimulation of the cervical branch of the vagus nerve, which is made up entirely of vagal nerve fibers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419833076DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Peripheral AAV Injection for Retrograde Transduction of Dorsal Root and Trigeminal Ganglia.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1950:237-247

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Adeno-associated Virus (AAV) vectors are useful vehicles for delivering transgenes to a number of different tissues and organs in vivo. To date, most of these applications deliver the vectors to their target by either infusion into the bloodstream or direct injection into the target tissue. Recently there has been progress in delivering AAV vectors to neurons of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) following application of vectors to the peripheral epithelium, such as the skin or eye. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9139-6_13DOI Listing
January 2019

Quantitative magnetic resonance evaluation of the trigeminal nerve in familial dysautonomia.

Clin Auton Res 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Purpose: Familial dysautonomia (FD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that affects the development of sensory and autonomic neurons, including those in the cranial nerves. We aimed to determine whether conventional brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could detect morphologic changes in the trigeminal nerves of these patients.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of brain MRI of patients with genetically confirmed FD and age- and sex-matched controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10286-019-00593-0DOI Listing
February 2019

A meta-analysis of endoscopic microvascular decompression versus microscopic microvascular decompression for the treatment for cranial nerve syndrome caused by vascular compression.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of Neurosurgery and Pathology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic microvascular decompression (E-MVD) and microscopic microvascular decompression (M-MVD) for the treatment for cranial nerve syndrome caused by vascular compression, including primary trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia.

Methods: A systematic search of the online databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China Biology Medicine disc, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, was performed from January 1966 to March 2018. The language of the included literature was not limited. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.220DOI Listing
February 2019