J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.
Medway Fetal and Maternal Medicine Centre, Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, United Kingdom; Institute of Medical Sciences, Canterbury Christ Church University, Chatham, United Kingdom.
Background: Doppler assessment of ventricular filling and outflow tract velocities is an integral part of fetal echocardiography, to assess diastolic function, systolic function, and outflow tract obstruction. There is a paucity of prospective data from a large sample of normal fetuses in the published literature. The authors report reference ranges for pulsed-wave Doppler flow of the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, aortic valve, and pulmonary valve, as well as heart rate, in a large number of fetuses prospectively examined at a single tertiary fetal cardiology center. Read More