23,889 results match your criteria Tricuspid Valve Disease Imaging


The Incremental Value of Right Ventricular Size and Strain in the Risk Assessment of Right Heart Failure Post - Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

J Card Fail 2018 Dec 26;24(12):823-832. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Background: Right heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Existing risk scores include semiquantitative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. This study aimed to determine whether quantitative evaluation of both RV size and function improve risk stratification for RHF after LVAD implantation beyond validated scores. Read More

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December 2018

Fifty-Five Years Follow-Up of 111 Adult Survivors After Biventricular Repair of PAIVS and PS.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, 102, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China.

There is paucity of long-term data on adult survivors after biventricular repair of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) and pulmonary stenosis (PS). This study aimed to determine the cardiac and non-cardiac outcomes of adult survivors after biventricular repair of PAIVS and PS. The cardiac, neurodevelopmental and liver problems of 111 adults, 40 with PAIVS and 71 with PS, were reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

A rectangular (quadrangular) heart.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 24;9(5):208-210. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

Division of Cardiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, NY, USA.

We report a case of "rectangular (quadrangular) heart" seen on the chest X-ray. Full evaluation showed massive enlargement of right-sided chambers shadowing the left-sided chambers. Primary etiology of the right-sided failure was attributed to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation for which the patient underwent surgery. Read More

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Ablation of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation triggered by ventricular premature beat originating from myocardium of right ventricle: Case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Mar 28;9(3):109-112. Epub 2013 Dec 28.

The Division of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Rambam Health Care Campus and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel.

We report a case of a 55-year-old woman with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) who suffered from recurrent implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks triggered by short coupled ventricular premature beat (VPB). This VPB was mapped and ablated from the myocardium of right ventricle close to the lateral tricuspid annulus. < Triggering ventricular premature beat (VPB) in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation was reported to originate from the myocardium of right ventricular outflow tract or from Purkinje system. Read More

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Abolished ischemic tricuspid regurgitation by revascularization of left anterior descending artery: The role of collateral circulation.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Jul 1;10(1):9-12. Epub 2014 May 1.

Department of Cardiology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

A 74-year-old man presented with recent inferior wall myocardial infarction. The right ventricle (RV) was strikingly dilated and akinetic along the free wall compatible with right ventricular infarction. Accordingly, severe functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) was detected. Read More

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Severe pulmonary hypertension secondary to giant chronic dissecting aortic aneurysm presenting as chronic right heart failure.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Feb 5;7(2):e57-e59. Epub 2012 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

We report on an 81-year-old woman who presented to hospital with effort dyspnea and leg edema. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed normal left ventricular function but marked dilated ascending aorta with an intimal flap in the proximal ascending aorta, severe tricuspid regurgitation, and severe pulmonary hypertension. Contrast enhanced multi-slice computerized tomography of the chest was performed for detailed evaluation of aortic dissection and this also showed the intimal flap of the ascending aortic dissection (DeBakey type II) and giant ascending aorta (10. Read More

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February 2013

Reversal of hoarseness with recognition of Ortner syndrome in a patient with severe mitral regurgitation.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Feb 8;7(2):e48-e50. Epub 2012 Dec 8.

Department of Second Section of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, 5 Fuxing Street, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County 33305, Taiwan.

Loss of voice due to vocal cord paralysis, as in Ortner syndrome, is secondary to left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. Cardiovascular cause should be listed as a differential diagnosis of hoarseness and is incumbent upon the diagnostic physician to be familiar with the condition. A 56-year-old male presented to our emergency department with shortness of breath due to severe mitral regurgitation. Read More

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February 2013

Gerbode defect misinterpreted as pulmonary hypertension.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Feb 29;7(2):e34-e36. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Aventura Hospital and Medical Center, USA.

Survival into adulthood is now routine for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Adult cardiology practices increasingly encounter these patients, however, are often challenged by the complexity of the cardiac lesions, prior surgical interventions, and associated conditions. We describe a case of a 64-year-old woman with history of CHD and multiple operations, including surgical aortic valve replacement, who presented for routine evaluation. Read More

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February 2013

Iatrogenic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia following Bjork/Fontan palliation of tricuspid atresia: Electro-anatomic mapping, ablation, review and possible mechanism.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Sep 25;6(3):e66-e69. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Michigan Congenital Heart Center, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

This case report describes the successful ablation of an iatrogenic accessory pathway in a Fontan patient. A 15-year-old girl with tricuspid atresia was palliated with a Bjork modification Fontan procedure; six years later she developed supraventricular tachycardia. Electro-anatomic mapping during electrophysiology study localized a concealed iatrogenic atrioventricular accessory pathway and facilitated successful ablation using radiofrequency energy. Read More

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September 2012

Acute pulmonary embolism induced by renal obstruction with benign prostatic hyperplasia: Case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Feb 21;5(1):e39-e43. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Division of Cardiology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: We report a rare case of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) induced by urinary retention and bladder distention with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Case Report: A 76-year-old male with BPH presented to the hospital with anuria of 24 h duration and abdominal distention. Physical examination revealed tenderness and distention of the lower abdomen and a swollen right leg. Read More

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February 2012

From an isolated right ventricular thrombus to the diagnosis of the hypereosinophilic syndrome.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Jun 27;3(3):e133-e136. Epub 2011 Mar 27.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

This case concerns a 58-year-old male who presented with abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, and exertional dyspnea of one month's duration. On further evaluation peripheral eosinophilia was conspicuous and eosinophilic infiltration was found in the gastrointestinal system and bone marrow. Echocardiography showed an isolated right ventricular thrombus with tricuspid valve involvement. Read More

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Catheter ablation of multiple focal atrial tachycardias originating from the tricuspid annulus using non-contact mapping system.

J Cardiol Cases 2010 Dec 27;2(3):e170-e173. Epub 2010 Nov 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.

We describe an 81-year-old man with multiple focal atrial tachycardias (ATs) originating from the tricuspid annulus. Non-contact mapping showed 3 incessant ATs, originating from the vicinity of His bundle region, inferior portion of coronary sinus ostium, and coronary sinus ostium, and 2 premature atrial contractions (PACs) originating from the tricuspid annulus in the 5 o'clock position and 6 o'clock position in the left anterior oblique view. Radiofrequency energy application to these 5 sites successfully eliminated the ATs and PACs. Read More

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December 2010

Pulmonary valve endocarditis associated with a ruptured aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva.

J Cardiol Cases 2010 Dec 8;2(3):e163-e165. Epub 2010 Aug 8.

Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, 154, Anshan Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300052, China.

Pulmonary valve endocarditis is an extremely rare complication of aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. We report the case of a 26-year-old male patient who presented with pulmonary valve endocarditis which was associated with a ruptured aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva with aorto-right ventricular outflow tract fistula and aortic valve endocarditis. He underwent aortic valve replacement with a 23 mm pericardial bioprosthesis, reconstruction of the right sinus of Valsalva using a pericardial patch, and debridement of pulmonary valve leaflet vegetations. Read More

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December 2010

Initial results from the off-label use of the SAPIEN S3 valve for percutaneous transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement: A multi-institutional experience.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital, Los Angeles, California.

Objectives: To describe a multi-center experience of percutaneous transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) using the Edwards Sapien S3 Valve.

Background: Off-label use of the Sapien S3 valve can allow for TPVR in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and large diameter dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). The initial experience at five centers with the SAPIEN S3 valve for TPVR is presented with a focus on procedural techniques, success, complications, and efficacy. Read More

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December 2018

Tricuspid valve avulsion 3 years after blunt chest trauma.

J Card Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia.

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December 2018

Persistence of a pacemaker lead-like "ghost" 6 months after lead extraction.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical & Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

Residual fibrous structures, referred as "ghosts", are occasionally encountered following lead extraction. Though typically detected in patients with cardiac device infections, their prognostic and therapeutic implications remain speculative. We describe a 62-year-old gentleman with history of sick sinus syndrome who presented atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. Read More

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December 2018

A rare cause of ischemic stroke: cardiac myxoma. Case report and review of literature.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):903-909

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

A 46-year-old female diagnosed several years ago with arterial hypertension and an ischemic stroke with significant recovery was admitted for dyspnea on usual physical activity and fatigue. Physical examination revealed signs of heart failure with crackles on both lung bases, distented jugular veins, accentuated pulmonic valve closure (P2) and tricuspid regurgitation murmur. Echocardiography identified a large tumor in the left atrium, suggestive of atrial myxoma, which caused a severe functional mitral stenosis and produced severe pulmonary hypertension. Read More

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January 2018

Pre-operative right ventricular echocardiographic parameters associated with short-term outcomes and long-term mortality after CABG.

Echo Res Pract 2018 Dec;5(4):155-166

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Background This analysis aims to assess the prognostic value of pre-operative right ventricular echocardiographic parameters in predicting short-term adverse outcomes and long-term mortality after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methods Study design: Observational retrospective cohort. Pre-operative echocardiographic data, perioperative adverse outcomes (POAO) and long-term mortality were retrospectively analyzed in 491 patients who underwent isolated CABG at a single academic center between 2006 and 2014. Read More

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December 2018

Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Replacement for Pacemaker-Associated Tricuspid Regurgitation.

EuroIntervention 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Cardiology, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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December 2018

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation (TR) Immediately After Heart Transplant and Long Term Outcomes.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham NC 27705. Electronic address:

Background: Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) is a common finding immediately after cardiac transplantation. However, there is a scarcity of data regarding its implication if left untreated on long term outcomes and the role of early surgical repair.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the Duke University Medical Center transplant database from January 2000 to June 2012 and identified a total of 542 patients that underwent orthotropic heart transplantation (OHT). Read More

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December 2018
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Elevated IL-17 levels and echocardiographic signs of preserved myocardial function in benznidazole-treated individuals with chronic Chagas' disease.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Salvador, Brazil; Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Investigação em Imunologia (iii-INCT), São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The immunological and clinical impact of trypanocidal treatment in chronic Chagas' disease (CCD) is unclear.

Methodology And Findings: Several cytokines were measured in plasma of 66 patients with CCD. Thirty-three patients had been previously treated with benznidazole and 33 had never been treated. Read More

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December 2018

Improving outcome of valve replacement for carcinoid heart disease.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.

Objective: Carcinoid heart disease is characterized by tricuspid valve regurgitation and varying degrees of pulmonary valve regurgitation or stenosis. Valve replacement procedures may be complicated by systemic effects of carcinoid syndrome, as well as hepatic dysfunction and right heart failure. This study was performed to identify factors that might be associated with improving early mortality rates and late outcomes. Read More

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October 2018

Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion is significantly reduced during uncomplicated coronary artery bypass surgery: A prospective observational study.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.

Objectives: Longitudinal shortening constitutes most of the right ventricle (RV) contraction in the normal heart. However, after even uncomplicated cardiac surgery with preserved RV function a significant and sustained decrease in longitudinal contraction expressed as a reduction in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) has been observed. Why and exactly when this happens remains unsettled. Read More

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October 2018

Comparison of biomechanical properties in ascending aortic aneurysms of patients with congenital bicuspid aortic valve and Marfan syndrome.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Vascular Surgery, Luebeck University Hospital, Luebeck, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: In patients with ascending aortic aneurysms (AscAA), biomechanical differences are seen among patients with congenital bicuspid aortic valves (BAV), Marfan syndrome (MFS), and tricuspid aortic valves (TAV). We examined the hemodynamic profiles and ultrastructures of aneurysmal specimens, focusing on vascular remodelling to better understand AscAA pathogenesis.

Methods: A total of 795 patients with BAV (43. Read More

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November 2018

Comprehensive and Integrative Experimentation Setup for Large Animal Hybrid Valvular Heart Surgery.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 12;234:249-261. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore.

Background: Experimental surgical procedures for atrioventricular valves present promising translational capabilities, and preclinical studies are necessary to assess their applicability and to train young enthusiastic heart teams. Here, we present a synopsis of experimental surgical procedures on porcine models for mitral valvular (MV) and tricuspid valvular (TV) interventions; mitral valve-in-valve implantation (MViV), transapical cardioscopic (TAC) MV replacement (MVR), TAC-MV annuloplasty, and tricuspid valve-in-a-ring (TViR) procedures.

Methods: Twenty-five (n = 25) female Yorkshire pigs of 55-65 kg is the total number used in the four approaches; seven animals underwent MViV, six TAC-MVR, six TAC-MV annuloplasty, and six TViR, respectively. Read More

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February 2019

Double-Valve Surgery After Cardiac Retransplantation.

Can J Cardiol 2018 Dec 29;34(12):1687.e1-1687.e2. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

We provide an update on Canada's first neonatal heart transplant recipient who, after cardiac retransplantation, underwent a mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve repair. Twenty-seven years after his initial heart surgery and 13 years after his most recent transplant, this patient developed heart failure with severe mitral regurgitation secondary to a calcified mitral valve. The patient was highly sensitized with no evidence of allograft rejection; therefore, mitral and tricuspid surgery was performed. Read More

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December 2018

Specific features and survival of French bulldogs with congenital pulmonic stenosis: a prospective cohort study of 66 cases.

J Vet Cardiol 2018 Dec 18;20(6):405-414. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire D'Alfort, 7 Avenue Du Général de Gaulle, 94704, Maisons-Alfort cedex, France.

Introduction: The objectives of this study were to characterize the epidemiological, clinical, and echocardiographic features of French bulldogs (FBs) with congenital pulmonic stenosis and document their survival times and risk factors for cardiac death (CD).

Animals: This study included 66 FBs with congenital pulmonic stenosis.

Methods: Prospective cohort study including a survival analysis to assess time to CD. Read More

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December 2018

Pulmonary embolectomy in a case of subacute pulmonary embolism, with previous unsuccessful fibrinolysis

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):418-423. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Medicina, División de Estudios de Posgrado. Ciudad de México, México

Background: Pulmonary embolism is a potentially fatal heart condition that requires prompt restoration of blood flow in the pulmonary vascular bed and prevention of recurrent events. Mortality is associated to the degree of hemodynamic repercussion, complications and opportunity in the treatment.

Case Report: Male 33 years of age who began with sudden dyspnea, chest pain of moderate intensity, sweating and syncope. Read More

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November 2018

Value of tissue-tracking tricuspid annular plane by speckle-tracking echocardiography for the assessment of right ventricular systolic dysfunction.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background: Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function remains challenging because of its complex geometry. Application of speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) to the tricuspid annulus provides rapid and automated assessment of the midpoint of the tricuspid annular plane displacement (TAD). The aim of this study was to investigate the value of tissue-tracking TAD for the assessment of RV systolic dysfunction. Read More

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December 2018

Characteristics, Mechanism and Long-Term Ablation Outcome of Atrial Tachycardias After Mitral Valvular Surgery and Concomitant Cox-MAZE IV Procedure.

Int Heart J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Atrial Fibrillation Center, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.

The incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure.The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Natural history of bivalvular functional regurgitation.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.

Aims: Bivalvular functional regurgitation (BVFR) defined as concomitant mitral and tricuspid insufficiency has not been described or systematically assessed before. Therefore, this study sought to define incidence, impact and natural history of BVFR in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) to provide the foundation for risk assessment and directions for potential treatment strategies.

Methods And Results: We enrolled 1021 consecutive patients with HFrEF under guideline-directed medical therapy and performed comprehensive echocardiographic and neurohumoral profiling. Read More

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December 2018

Altered biventricular hemodynamic forces in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot and right ventricular volume overload because of pulmonary regurgitation.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2018 Dec 28;315(6):H1691-H1702. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Clinical Physiology, Skåne University Hospital , Sweden.

Intracardiac hemodynamic forces have been proposed to influence remodeling and be a marker of ventricular dysfunction. We aimed to quantify the hemodynamic forces in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) to further understand the pathophysiological mechanisms as this could be a potential marker for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) in these patients. Patients with rToF and pulmonary regurgitation (PR) > 20% ( n = 18) and healthy control subjects ( n = 15) underwent MRI, including four-dimensional flow. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A Pathogenic Homozygous Mutation in The Pleckstrin Homology Domain of RASA1 Is Responsible for Familial Tricuspid Atresia in An Iranian Consanguineous Family.

Cell J 2019 Apr 18;21(1):70-77. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Pediatrics Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic Address:

Objective: Tricuspid atresia (TA) is a rare life-threatening form of congenital heart defect (CHD). The genetic mechanisms underlying TA are not clearly understood. According to previous studies, the endocardial cushioning event, as the primary sign of cardiac valvulogenesis, is governed by several overlapping signaling pathways including Ras/ ERK pathway. Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

Snow and Reindeer: Large Tricuspid Valve Mobile Vegetation.

J Invasive Cardiol 2018 Dec;30(12):E155

Staten Island University Hospital-Northwell Health, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305 USA.

A 20-year-old female with history of polysubstance abuse presented with fevers and lightheadness. Blood cultures grew out Streptococcus constellatus, which is known to form purulent infections when introduced in the body. Evaluation with transesophageal echocardiogram showed a definite large, irregular, loosely organized, highly mobile vegetation. Read More

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December 2018

Surgical treatment of right-sided infective endocarditis.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Heart and Vascular Institute, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Electronic address:

Objective: Right-sided infective endocarditis is increasing because of increasing prevalence of predisposing conditions, and the role and outcomes of surgery are unclear. We therefore investigated the surgical outcomes for right-sided infective endocarditis.

Methods: From January 2002 to January 2015, 134 adults underwent surgery for right-sided infective endocarditis. Read More

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September 2018

Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Repair With a Novel Cinching System.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Interventional Cardiology Unit, AZ Sint-Jan Hospital, Brugge, Belgium. Electronic address:

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November 2018
1 Read

Multiplane Intracardiac Echocardiography: A Novel System to Guide Percutaneous Tricuspid Repair.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Heart and Vascular Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; Advanced Cardiac Valve Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

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November 2018
1 Read

Mid-term results of a randomized trial of tricuspid annuloplasty for less-than-severe functional tricuspid regurgitation at the time of mitral valve surgery†.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Cardiac Surgery Department, Universitair Clinique St. Luc, Brussel, Belgium.

Objectives: The optimal management of functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) in the setting of mitral valve operations remains controversial. The current practice is both centre specific and surgeon specific with guidelines based on non-randomized data. A prospective randomized trial was performed to evaluate the worth of less-than-severe FTR repair during mitral valve procedures. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Male-female differences in characteristics and early outcomes of patients undergoing tricuspid valve surgery: a national cohort study in the Netherlands.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Objectives: This study aims to explore male-female differences in baseline and procedural characteristics, and outcomes of patients undergoing isolated or concomitant tricuspid valve (TV) surgery.

Methods: All TV procedures registered between 2007 and 2016 in the database of the Netherlands Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery were analysed. Logistic regression analyses with interaction terms were used to determine whether sex was associated with hospital mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Transcatheter Closure of Perimembranous Ventricular Septal Defects in Children using a Wire-Drifting Technique.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Nov 29;73:e371. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Structural Heart Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi Province, China.

Objective: Explore the feasibility and safety of transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects using a wire-drifting technique (WT) in children.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 121 pediatric patients diagnosed with perimembranous ventricular septal defects who underwent interventional treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from Dec 2011 to Dec 2014. Based on the method used for arteriovenous loop establishment during the procedure, the patients were divided into a conventional technique (CT) group and a WT group. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Primary Cardiac Angiosarcoma with Rare Presenting Feature and Successful Surgical Treatment.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep-Oct;33(5):525-527

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Primary angiosarcoma is a rare clinical entity, it's typically located within the right atrium and known to be rapidly fatal. A 37-year-old female was presented with a history of recurrent facial paralysis and left hemiparesis. A cranial mass was identified at cranial magnetic resonance imaging and she underwent neurosurgery operation. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Assessment of right ventricular systolic function in children with repaired tetralogy of fallot by multiple-view from single acoustic window with speckle tracking echocardiography.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Challenges remain in quantitative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) function by echocardiography. Multiple-view assessment is believed to provide a more comprehensive quantification of RV function than conventional single-view analysis. Peak systolic longitudinal RV strain (RVLS) measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has clinical and prognostic value. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impact of Tricuspid Regurgitation and Right Ventricular Dysfunction on Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Clin Cardiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Background: Far less attention has been paid to the prognostic effect of right-side heart disease on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) when compared with the left side. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the impact of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction on outcomes after TAVR.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that TR and RV dysfunction may have a deleterious effect on outcomes after TAVR. Read More

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December 2018
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An investigation of regional variations in the biaxial mechanical properties and stress relaxation behaviors of porcine atrioventricular heart valve leaflets.

J Biomech 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials Design Laboratory (BBDL), School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA; Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Science and Technology, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA. Electronic address:

The facilitation of proper blood flow through the heart depends on proper function of heart valve components, and alterations to any component can lead to heart disease or failure. Comprehension of these valvular diseases is reliant on thorough characterization of healthy heart valve structures for use in computational models. Previously, computational models have treated these leaflet structures as a structurally and mechanically homogenous material, which may not be an accurate description of leaflet mechanical response. Read More

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November 2018

[Surgical management of atrioventricular valve regurgitation in functional single ventricle].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;56(12):922-927

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510623, China.

To evaluate the early- and mid-term outcomes of surgical atrioventricular valve (AVV) intervention in patients with functional single ventricle (FSV). The clinical data of 40 consecutive FSV patients who underwent surgical AVV intervention between January 2008 and December 2017 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University were reviewed retrospectively. There were 25 male and 15 female patients. Read More

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December 2018
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An atypical case of pulmonary embolism from a jugular vein.

Echo Res Pract 2018 Dec;5(4):K67-K72

University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Carol Davila, Bucharest, Romania.

Neck venous malformations and their potentially life-threatening complications are rarely reported in the available literature. Cases of aneurysmal or hypo-plastic jugular vein thrombosis associated with systemic embolization have not been frequently reported. We present the case of a 60-year-old male, without any known risk factors for thromboembolic disease, admitted for sudden onset dyspnea. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Embolization of Endocardial Vegetation With Stroke Presentation.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, SC.

This case report details the unique cause of death of a 37-year-old Caucasian woman with a history significant for intravenous drug abuse. Before her death, she complained of extremity weakness and pain. Although her death was discovered to be the result of endocarditis, her symptoms were similar to that of a stroke. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Atrial Tachycardia with Fibrillatory Activity in the Superior Vena Cava.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Cardiology, The Jikei University of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

A 59-year-old man who had undergone catheter ablations for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) twice was referred for a third procedure due to atrial tachycardia (AT) recurrence. In addition to pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, linear ablation (roof/mitral isthmus lines), cavo-tricuspid isthmus ablation and superior vena cava (SVC) isolation had been conducted in the previous procedures. The intracardiac electrograms showed AT with irregular cycle length, and a circular mapping catheter obliquely placed in the SVC showed both fibrillatory activation and organized activation simultaneously. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Aortic stiffness in aortic stenosis assessed by cardiovascular MRI: a comparison between bicuspid and tricuspid valves.

Eur Radiol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and Cardiovascular Theme, NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Groby road, Leicester, LE3 9QP, UK.

Objectives: To compare aortic size and stiffness parameters on MRI between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients with aortic stenosis (AS).

Methods: MRI was performed in 174 patients with asymptomatic moderate-severe AS (mean AVAI 0.57 ± 0. Read More

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November 2018
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