8,740 results match your criteria Trichomoniasis


A new duplex real-time PCR for simultaneous detection and differentiation of and .

J Vet Diagn Invest 2022 May 20:10406387221098069. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Poultry and Rabbit Diseases, Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

and are pathogenic avian parasites that infect a wide range of bird species. The pathologic potential of is controversial, whereas causes disease in many avian species. Infections are often asymptomatic in doves and pigeons; thus, columbids are presumed to represent the natural hosts for trichomonads. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A systematic review of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in sub-Saharan Africa.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Objectives: Limited antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance coupled with syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) could be contributing to an increase in AMR in the region. This systematic review aimed to synthesize data on the prevalence of AMR in common STIs in SSA and identify some research gaps that exist.

Methods: We searched three electronic databases for studies published between 1 January 2000 and 26 May 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sexually Transmitted Infections: Updates From the 2021 CDC Guidelines.

Am Fam Physician 2022 May;105(5):514-520

Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates are increasing for most nationally notifiable disease categories in the United States. The 2021 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention STI guidelines provide several updated, evidence-based testing and treatment recommendations. The recommended treatment for gonorrhea is ceftriaxone monotherapy given intramuscularly, with dosing based on the patient's body weight. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Overview of Mucosa-Associated Protozoa: Challenges in Chemotherapy and Future Perspectives.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2022 25;12:860442. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Laboratório de Estudos Integrados em Protozoologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Parasitic infections caused by protozoans that infect the mucosal surfaces are widely neglected worldwide. Collectively, spp. and infect more than a billion people in the world, being a public health problem mainly in developing countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 29;2022:3742208. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Youanmenwai, Xitoutiao, Fengtai District, Beijing 100069, China.

Ledeb., which belongs to Agrimonia and Rosaceae, is used in traditional Chinese medicine. It exhibits excellent medicinal properties and has been used to treat various diseases, such as tumors, trichomoniasis, vaginitis, diarrhea, and dysentery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

High burden of untreated syphilis, drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and other sexually transmitted infections in men with urethral discharge syndrome in Kampala, Uganda.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 May 7;22(1):440. Epub 2022 May 7.

Division of Infectious Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Mason F. Lord Center Tower, Suite 381, Baltimore, MD, 21224, USA.

Objectives: Prompt diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are essential to combat the STI epidemic in resource-limited settings. We characterized the burden of 5 curable STIs chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, Mycoplasma genitalium, syphilis, and HIV infection in Ugandan men with urethritis.

Methods: Participants were recruited from a gonococcal surveillance program in Kampala, Uganda. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spatiotemporal Clusters and Trend of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection in Korea.

Korean J Parasitol 2022 Apr 20;60(2):97-107. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

This study was done to provide an overview of the latest trichomoniasis status in Korea by finding disease clusters and analyzing temporal trends during 2012-2020. Data were obtained from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (HIRA) of Korea. SaTScan and Joinpoint programs were used for statistical analyses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antitrichomonal activity of nanoemulsion of carvacrol on Trichomonas galline: formulation development and in vitro characterization.

Ann Parasitol 2022 ;68(1):151-157

Department of Comprehensive Health Research Center, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran 4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Amol University of Special Modern Technologies, Amol, Iran

In recent years, increasing attention has been paid in veterinary medicine to find novel natural resources to reduce the use of synthetic drugs, avoid side effects, and for better compliance of the animals’ owners. Metronidazole has been used for many years in the treatment of birds’ trichomonosis. Carvacrol is a terpenoid and several biologic activities was attributed to it. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sexually transmitted infections in pregnant people living with HIV: Temporal trends, demographic correlates and association with preterm birth.

Clin Infect Dis 2022 Apr 29. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine; Atlanta, USA.

Background: We describe trends in prevalence and identify factors associated with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhea (NG), syphilis, and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) diagnosed in pregnancy among US people living with HIV (PLHIV) and evaluate associations of STIs with preterm birth (PTB).

Methods: We included pregnant PLHIV enrolled in the Surveillance Monitoring for ART Toxicities dynamic cohort of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study network who delivered between 2010 and 2019. Multivariable log-binomial or Poisson GEE models were used to estimate the association of calendar year with each STI, controlling for confounders; the association of demographic and clinical factors with each STI; and the association of each STI with PTB. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Emergence of genital infections due to Haemophilus pittmaniae and Haemophilus sputorum.

Infect Dis Now 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Laboratory of Microbiology, Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital-IBS Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Spain; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine and PhD Program in Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada-IBS, Granada, PC, 18010, Spain.

Background: We report for the first time the association of Haemophilus pittmaniae and Haemophilus sputorum with urethritis in men who have sex with men and who engage in unprotected intercourse.

Patients And Methods: A search for genital pathogens was conducted using urethral exudate cultures and PCR tests for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma spp., and Ureaplasma spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Descriptive Epidemiology of Women in the Emergency Department With Gonorrhea and Chlamydial Infection in the United States.

Adv Emerg Nurs J 2022 Apr-Jun 01;44(2):144-157

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida (Drs Sheele, K. J. Bragg, and B. Bragg); Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Niforatos); and Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (Dr Thompson). Drs Cantillo Campos and Elkins (limited tenure) are research trainees at Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.

Demographic characteristics, risk factors, and clinical variables associated with gonorrhea and chlamydial infection in women being treated in emergency departments (EDs) in the United States are incompletely characterized. We used univariable and multivariable regression analyses on 17,411 encounters from women 18 years and older who presented to EDs in northeast Ohio and were tested for gonorrhea or chlamydial infection. There were 1,360 women (7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trichomonas infection in pregnant women: a nationwide cohort study.

Parasitol Res 2022 Apr 27. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital SongShan Branch, National Defense Medical Center, No.131, Jiankang Rd, Songshan District, Taipei City, 10581, Taiwan.

Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection worldwide, and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) has received little public health attention, and only limited data are available on prevalence of TV and other Trichomonas-associated syndromes in pregnant women. This study aimed to determine associations between pregnancy and incident trichomoniasis-related diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vaginal Infections' Etiologies in South-Eastern Gabon - An Overview.

Int J Womens Health 2022 12;14:505-515. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Medical Analysis Research Unit (URAM)/Bacteriology, International Center for Medical Research (CIRMF), Franceville, BP 769, Gabon.

Introduction: Discomfort in women of childbearing age associated with vaginal infections, namely bacterial vaginosis (BV), aerobic vaginitis (AV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), and trichomoniasis (TV), represent a serious and ongoing gynecological complication throughout the world.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the etiologies of vaginal infections among outpatients in south-eastern Gabon.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was designed using participants referred directly by their treating doctor for a vaginal swab. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of amiodarone, amioder, and dronedarone on Trichomonas vaginalis.

Parasitol Res 2022 Jun 18;121(6):1761-1773. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Universidade Do Grande Rio, Duque de Caxias, Brazil.

Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan that causes human trichomoniasis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) affecting approximately 278 million people worldwide. The current treatment for trichomoniasis is based on 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, known as metronidazole (MTZ). Although effective in clearing the parasite infection, MTZ is related to provoking severe side effects, and it is not recommended during pregnancy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vaccines against sexually transmitted infections: an update.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy; KPC Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) constitute a major share of diseases, encountered by physicians. Although science has made considerable progress in terms of diagnosing and treating such infections, development of effective and safe vaccines is the need of the hour. Syphilis, viral warts, gonorrhea, herpes genitalis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis are the common infections which are transmitted sexually. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence of gastrointestinal parasites in pigeons with an assessment of the nematocidal activity of chitosan nanoparticles against Ascaridia columbae.

Poult Sci 2022 Feb 28;101(6):101820. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 12211 Giza, Egypt.

In this investigation, the incidence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites of domestic pigeons were evaluated, additionally, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the antiparasitic activity of chitosan nanoparticles against the most predominant gut parasite. Therefore, 240 domestic pigeons (160 adults and 80 squabs) obtained from different localities in Giza governorate, Egypt, from February to July 2021, were subjected to parasitological and postmortem examination. The results revealed that 97% of pigeons were vulnerable to single or mixed gastrointestinal parasites. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Gastrointestinal parasites in immunocompromised patients; A comparative cross-sectional study.

Acta Trop 2022 Apr 12;231:106464. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran; Hepatitis Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Science, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:

Gastrointestinal parasites (GIPs), including helminths and protozoa species, are a major health problem in many parts of the world. About 3.5 billion people are affected by the parasites worldwide. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[CLINICAL AND LABORATORY ASPECTS OF POSTPARTUM INFLAMMATORY COMPLICATIONS].

Georgian Med News 2022 Mar(324):32-37

Azerbaijan Medical University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Scientific Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baku, Azerbaijan.

The aim of this study was to optimize the diagnosis of postpartum inflammatory complications. 150 puerperas who gave written informed consent to participate in clinical and laboratory studies were divided into two groups: the main group included puerperas with developed postpartum complications (n = 100), the comparison group included puerperas with a physiological course of the postpartum period (n = 50). The data of biochemical blood tests and bacteriological analysis of aspirated vaginal contents under aseptic conditions after childbirth were used as material. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Correctional Settings: A Systematic Review.

Clin Infect Dis 2022 Apr;74(Supplement_2):S193-S217

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Admissions to jails and prisons in the United States number 10 million yearly; persons entering locked correctional facilities have high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). These individuals come disproportionately from communities of color, with lower access to care and prevention, compared with the United States as a whole. Following PRISMA guidelines, the authors present results of a systematic review of literature published since 2012 on STIs in US jails, prisons, Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers, and juvenile facilities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnosis and Management of Trichomonas vaginalis: Summary of Evidence Reviewed for the 2021 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sexually Transmitted Infections Treatment Guidelines.

Clin Infect Dis 2022 Apr;74(Supplement_2):S152-S161

Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Trichomonas vaginalis is likely the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted infection, affecting an estimated 3.7 million women and men in the United States. Health disparities are prominent in the epidemiology of trichomoniasis, as African Americans are >4 times more likely to be infected than persons of other races. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections with and : findings from the National Survey of Sexual Lifestyles, Attitudes and Health, Slovenia, 2016 to 2017.

Euro Surveill 2022 Apr;27(14)

National Laboratory of Health, Environment and Food, Maribor, Slovenia.

BackgroundTo inform prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), we need reliable prevalence estimates.AimOne objective of the Slovenian National Survey of Sexual Lifestyles, Attitudes and Health was to estimate the prevalence of STIs with , , and .MethodsData were collected between October 2016 and July 2017 in a probability sample of the general population aged 18-49 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trends in risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections among youth presenting to a sexually transmitted infection clinic in the United States, 2013-2017.

Int J STD AIDS 2022 Apr 6:9564624221077785. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, RinggoldID:12321Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are increasing among adolescents and young adults (AYA) across the United States. However, data are scarce on trends in condom use, number of partners, and other STI risk factors among AYA. The present study evaluated associations between sexual behaviors and STI diagnoses over time among AYA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Inadequacies in service delivery for the diagnosis and treatment of vaginitis and vaginosis in Nairobi, Kenya.

Int J STD AIDS 2022 May 5;33(6):584-596. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

569645Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), a common cause of vaginitis, affects 75% of women in their lifetime. In Kenya, vaginitis/VVC is managed using the vaginal discharge syndrome guidelines. We assessed how frequently healthcare workers consider the diagnosis of vaginitis/VVC in symptomatic women, and adherence to the syndromic guidelines, outpatient records at Nairobi City County health facilities, of non-pregnant symptomatic females aged ≥15 years were abstracted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trichomonase vaginale.

CMAJ 2022 Apr;194(13):E509-E510

Faculté de médecine Max Rady (Cenkowski), Université du Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man.; Division des maladies infectieuses, Département de médecine (Wudel), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Sask.; Département d'obstétrique, de gynécologie et des sciences de la reproduction (Poliquin), Faculté de médecine Max Rady, Winnipeg, Man.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Profile and dynamics of infectious diseases: a population-based observational study using multi-source big data.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Apr 4;22(1):332. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Institute of EcoHealth, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: The current surveillance system only focuses on notifiable infectious diseases in China. The arrival of the big-data era provides us a chance to elaborate on the full spectrum of infectious diseases.

Methods: In this population-based observational study, we used multiple health-related data extracted from the Shandong Multi-Center Healthcare Big Data Platform from January 2013 to June 2017 to estimate the incidence density and describe the epidemiological characteristics and dynamics of various infectious diseases in a population of 3,987,573 individuals in Shandong province, China. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of Ureaplasma urealyticum, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections among obstetrics and gynecological outpatients in southwest China: a retrospective study.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Mar 25;22(1):283. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section 3, Renmin South Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the present situation of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections among obstetrics and gynecological outpatients in southwest China.

Methods: A total of 3225 urogenital swabs were included in this study. All swabs were tested by RNA-based simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Discovery of a Novel Species of Trichomonasvirus in the Human Parasite Using Transcriptome Mining.

Viruses 2022 03 6;14(3). Epub 2022 Mar 6.

Department of Microbiology, Blavatnik Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

is the most common non-viral cause of sexually transmitted infections globally. Infection by this protozoan parasite results in the clinical syndrome trichomoniasis, which manifests as an inflammatory disease with acute and chronic consequences. Half or more isolates of this parasite are themselves infected with one or more dsRNA viruses that can exacerbate the inflammatory syndrome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Vaginal Microbiota Composition and Genital Infections during and after Pregnancy among Women in Pemba Island, Tanzania.

Microorganisms 2022 Feb 25;10(3). Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Institute for Public Health Genomics (IPHG), Department of Genetics and Cell Biology, Research School GROW (School for Oncology & Reproduction), Faculty of Health, Medicine & Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, 6200 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

We investigated the vaginal microbiota (VMB) composition, prevalence of genital pathogens and their association among pregnant and post-delivery women in Pemba Island, Tanzania. Vaginal swabs were collected from 90 women, at two time points during pregnancy (<20 weeks of gestational age [GA] and ≥20 weeks GA) and once after delivery, when possible. IS-pro assay was used for VMB characterization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Synergistic effect of compounds directed to triosephosphate isomerase, a combination to develop drug against trichomoniasis.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2022 Mar 25:e2200046. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Facultad de Medicina Mexicali, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Baja California, México.

The development of new drugs is continuous in the world; currently, saving resources (both economic ones and time) and preventing secondary effects have become a necessity for drug developers. Trichomoniasis is the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection affecting more than 270 million people around the world. In our research group, we focussed on developing a selective and more effective drug against Trichomonas vaginalis, and we previously reported on a compound, called A4, which had a trichomonacidal effect. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular characterization of Trichomonas infections in women of Ilam City, southwestern Iran.

Parasitol Res 2022 Jun 25;121(6):1631-1638. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Parasitology Department, Paramedical School, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the flagellated protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. Little information is available on the epidemiology and genetic diversity of T. vaginalis in Ilam City, southwestern Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF